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BTS MAINTENANCE

1.Hardware system

2.Typical case
1.System Position and Role in
Mobile
Network
• In a GSM/GPRS network, ZXG10 B8018
is the radio transceiver for GSM BSS.
BSC controls BTS, and one BTS serves a
certain cell or several cells.

• Abis interface connects BTS to BSC. It


helps BSC to manage radio resources,
and achieve radio transmission with MS
and relevant control functions through
Um interface.
Rack structure
Signal flow

B8018 机柜
BSC CSB
EIB CMB

DTRU (0~2) DTRU (3~5) DTRU (6~8)

AEM AEM AEM

LAYER 1 LAYER 2 LAYER 3

天馈
Module function
Panel and indicator of CMB
LED Color Name Meaning Working Mode

1 Green/Red PWR Power LED  Green ON: Normal


 Red ON: Alarm
 OFF: Power off or other reasons

2 Green RUN Running LED  Green flashing at 4 Hz: Boot is running


 Green flash at 1 Hz: Application is running
 Others: System is abnormal

3 Green/Red SYN Clock synchronization mode  Green ON: Synchronization clock of the Abis interface network
LED  Green flashing at 1 Hz: Synchronization clock of the SDH network
 Red flashing at 1 Hz: E1 frame out-of-sync alarm
 Red ON: E1 line is broken or not connected
 OFF: Free running

4 Green/Red CLK Clock LED  Green ON: Network synchronization is locked


 Green flashing at 1 Hz: Locking the phase
 Red ON: Clock fault

5 Green MST Active/Standby LED  Green ON: Active state


 Green OFF: Standby state

6 Green/Red STA Status LED  OFF: Running normally


 Green flashing at 1 Hz: System initialization
 Green flashing at 4 Hz: software loading
 Red flashing at 1 Hz: LAPD link disconnection
 Red flashing at 4 Hz: HDLC link disconnection .
 Red ON: Other alarms (such as temperature, clock and frame number
alarms)

CMB

PWR RUN SYN CLK MST STA M/S RST FPWR


Panel and indicators of CDU

LED Position Color Name Meaning Working Mode

1 Green FPO Forward power output LED ON: Normal


OFF: Abnormal

2 Red SWR1 VSWR level-1 alarm LED ON: There is an alarm


OFF: There is no alarm

3 Red SWR2 VSWR level-2 alarm LED ON: There is an alarm


OFF: There is no alarm

4 Green PWR LNA power supply LED ON: Normal


OFF: Abnormal

5 Red LNA LNA alarm LED ON: There is an alarm


OFF: There is no alarm
DTRU PANEL INDICATORS
DTRU PANEL INDICATORS
The ID switch
15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0  SATE
 Whether to use the satellite
Abis link or not
SLAVE 1_ SLAVE 2_
BTS _TYPE BTS _NO
PORT PORT
SATE ABIS _PORT ABIS _TS  0: Common Abis
 1: Satellite Abis
 ABIS_PORT
 O&M port number
 SLAVE1_PORT
 00: Port A
• BTS_TYPE  The E1 port of the basic cabinet to
 01: Port B
– 1100: B8018 connect extended cabinet 1
– 1101: B8112  10: Port C
 00: Port E of the basic cabinet
– 1110: M8202  11: Port D
 01: Port F of the basic cabinet
– 1111: M8204  ABIS_TS
• BTS_NO  10: Port G of the basic cabinet
 The O&M LAPD timeslot on
– No. of the cabinet of the  11: Port H of the basic cabinet
same site the Abis interface
 SLAVE2_PORT
– 00: Basic cabinet  000: TS16
– 01: Extended cabinet 1  The E1 port of the basic cabinet to
 001: TS31
– 10: Extended cabinet 2 connect extended cabinet 2
 010: TS30
 00: Port E of the basic cabinet
 011: TS29
 01: Port F of the basic cabinet
 100: TS28
 10: Port G of the basic cabinet
 101: TS27
 11: Port H of the basic cabinet
 110: TS26
 111: TS25
CMB
S10 dip switch show as the table
bellow
EIB

S2

S4

S5

S6
EIB
E1 color code

1 Green red 1 E1AIN+ The


first E1 input
14 Green red 2 E1AIN-
8 Blue red 1 E1AOUT+ The first E1 output
20 Blue red 2 E1AOUT-
2 Green black 1 E1BIN+ The
second E1 input
15 Green black 2 E1BIN-
9 Blue black 1 E1BOUT+ The second E1
output
21 Blue black 2 E1BOUT-
Indoor alarm color code

1. white blue-- 1
2. Blac blue-- -0
3. white orange-0
4. black orange-0
5. green white--0
6. black green---0
7. white brown-0
8. black brown--0
9. blue red-0----0
10.red orange---0
HDLC link b/w CMB and FUC is
broken.

Reason.1-The mismatch b/w the logical


and physical configuration.
Reason.2-The DTRU power may be off.
Reason.3-The connection B/w CDU and
DTRU is not proper.
Reason.4-DTRU harware problem.
Reason.5-CMB card have problem.
Lapd broken
Reason.1-The E1 is not conneted properly
to e1 port .
Reason.2-The Dip Switch is not proper.
Reason.3-There loop some where b/w site
and BSC.
Reason.4-EIB is not working properly.
Reason.5-particular PCM is faulty.
Reason.6-configration is not proper in BSC .
Cell interruption alarm
Reason.1-the BCCH trx is off
Reason.2-DTRU is not available on the
bcch trx.
Reason.3-DTRU is not properly
connected.
Cascading of sites
For the cascading of two sites we need to
follow these steps.
1.Connect the E1 cable at port 1 on the top
of bts for the master sites intigration.
2.As master site is on air use another E1
cable to connect the port 2 of the bts.
3.Loop back the first e1 of port 2 and check
the status of upper CMB synch and clk
status,if is green then its ok
VSWR alarm
Voltage standing wave ratio
3.0>VSWR>1.5 VSWR1 alarm
VSWR>3.0 VSWR2 alarm
sitemaster to test the value of the
VSWR
Reason.1-CDU problem
Reason.2-AEM problem
Reason.3-cable connection problem
continue
• 4.The first E1 of port 2 connets to the transmission
medium for the slave site.
• 5.connect the e1 at slave site at port 1.
• 6.check the id port dip set and that should be
according to OAM timeslot 30 or 31.the mastes bts
use 16 OAM time slot.
dip config-
16-000
30-010
31-001
These we set on S1 of id port and dip switch no is
0,1,2.
THANK YOU !