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Japanese Period (The 1943 Constitution)

January 2, 1942- Imperial Japanese Forces

1943 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines

Imperial Japanese Forces

Jose P. Laurel

Certain Features were not embodied in the Constitution:

1. The article on the universal suffrage or the holding of popular elections
2. Certain provisions on bill of rights which were found in the
commonwealth constitution, such as:
a. The prohibition against the bill of attainder
b. The provisions regarding criminal procedure
3. Certain provisions of the article on citizenship
4. Those creating the commission on appointments and the commission
on elections (COMELEC)

Unicameral Legislature (National Assembly)


Provincial Governors and City Mayors
o Elected every three (3) years, one from each and every province
and chartered city

Official Text

Tagalog and English

Official Gazette, Vol. 2 (Special # 9-A)
October 23, 1944 - Proclaimation of Gen. McArthur

Period After Philippine Independence in 1946

Martial Law Declaration
September 21, 1972, Proclamation #1081 Declaration of Martial Law
November 29, 1972 Approved the Proposed Constitution
November 30, 1972, Presidential Decree #73 submitting the Filipino
for ratification or rejection the Constitution of the Philippines

1973 Constitution
Parliament System

National Assembly of Legislators
Prime Minister

The 1973 Constitution has:


A Preamble
Seventeen (17) Titled Articles

Official Text

English and Filipino

Local Dialects
Spanish Arabic
Vol. 68, No. 50 and Vol. 69, No. 4 issues in the Official Gazette

Constitutional Convention Archives


UP Law Library

From Mckinleys instruction to the Constitution: Documents on the

Philippine Constitutional System
Secondary Sources on the 1973 Constitution

Constitution of the Philippines (Enrique M. Fernando)

Philippine Constitution Law (Neptali Gonzales)

Batasang Bayan

Interim National Assembly

September 21, 1976
July 1973
Composed of the following:
o Cabinet, Executive Committee, One Representative