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SALVADOR DALI

BY MICHAEL SALAS

Salvador Domingo Felipe Jacinto Dal i


Domnech, 1st Marqus de Dal de
Pubol was born on May 11, 1904 January
23, 1989. Salvador was best known for his
striking and bizarre images in his surrealist
work like this one. His painterly skills are often
attributed to the influence of Renaissance
masters. Dali's expansive artistic skills include
film ,sculpture ,and photography, and
collaboration with a range of artists in a
variety of media.

The Basket of Bread


In 1922, Dal moved into the Residencia
de Estudiantes (Students' Residence) in
Madrid and studied at the Real
Academia de Bellas Artes de San
Fernando. His mastery of painting skills
at that time was evidenced by his
realistic The Basket of Bread, painted in
1926. That same year, he made his first
visit to Paris, where he met Pablo
Picasso, whom the young Dal revered.
Picasso had already heard favorable
reports about Dal from Joan Mir, a
fellow Catalan who introduced him to
many Surrealist friends. As he
developed his own style over the next
few years, Dal made a number of works
heavily influenced by Picasso and Mir.

The Persistence of Memory

In 1931, Dal painted one of his most


famous works, The Persistence of
Memory,which introduced a surrealistic
image of soft, melting pocket watches.
The general interpretation of the work is
that the soft watches are a rejection of
the assumption that time is rigid or
deterministic. This idea is supported by
other images in the work, such as the
wide expanding landscape, and other
limp watches shown being devoured by
ants.

Dal was introduced to the United States


by art dealer Julien Levy in 1934. The
exhibition in New York of Dal's works,
including Persistence of Memory,
created an immediate sensation. Social
Register listees feted him at a specially
organized "Dal Ball". He showed up
wearing a glass case on his chest,
which contained a brassiere. In that
year, Dal and Gala also attended a
masquerade party in New York, hosted
for them by heiress Caresse Crosby. In
1936, Dal took part in the London
International Surrealist Exhibition. His
lecture, titled Fantmes paranoiaques
authentiques, was delivered while
wearing a deep-sea diving suit and
helmet.

Rainy Taxi
in 1938, Dal unveiled Rainy Taxi, a
three-dimensional artwork, consisting of
an actual automobile with two
mannequin occupants. The piece was
first displayed at the Galerie Beaux-Arts
in Paris at the Exposition Internationale
du Surralisme, organised by Andr
Breton and Paul luard. The Exposition
was designed by artist Marcel Duchamp,
who also served as host.

Dream of Venus
At the 1939 New York World's Fair, Dal
debuted his Dream of Venus surrealist
pavilion, located in the Amusements
Area of the exposition. It featured
bizarre sculptures, statues, and live
nude models in "costumes" made of
fresh seafood, an event photographed
by Horst P. Horst, George Platt Lynes
and Murray Korman. Like most
attractions in the Amusements Area, an
admission fee was charged.