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# Sumoftheredsides?

No
problem.

Thesideswewantthe
lengthofareAC,BF,and
DE.Letsgofigureout
whattheyare!

First,letsreviewthe
givens.WeknowthatCG
isperpendiculartoFH,
tellingusthatthetwo
anglesatthefootofangle
Garebothrightangles.
WealsoknowthatDEisa
midsegmentoftriangleCGH(remembermidsegmentsfromtheprevious
unit?),meaningthatitishalfthelengthofGH.TriangleAFHisequilateral,
tellingusthatsidesAF,FH,andHAarethesamelengthandthatthe
anglesaroundthetriangleareall60.Wearealsotoldofquiteafewangle
congruences,andfinallyonelength:CHis12*sqrt(6).

Now,letslookattriangleCGHforasecond.WeknowthatangleGinthis
triangleis90degrees,andthatGCHiscongruenttoGHC.Thattellsme
thatwehaveanisoscelesrighttriangleherea454590!Ifyouknowthe
proportionsina454590triangle,thehypotenuseissqrt(2)whenthelegs
are1.Usingthatproportion,weknowtodividesqrt(2)fromthelengthof
CH,whichisconfirmedtobe12*sqrt(6),tofindthelengthofthelegs.

12*sqrt(6)/sqrt(2)=12*sqrt(3)

NowweknowthatbothGCandGHare12*sqrt(3).Wecantakethat
lengthofGHandcutitinhalftogetoneofourthreedesiredsides,DE:

12/2*sqrt(3)=6*sqrt(3)
DE=6*sqrt(3)

Nowletstakeacloserlookatanothertriangle,triangleCGF.Herewe
haveonerightangle(angleG)andone60degreeangle(angleF).Using
theTriangleSumTheorem,theotheranglemustbe30.Seethe
conclusion?Thisisa306090triangle!Now,weknowthelongsideCG
(12*sqrt(3)),sowecanfindanyothersideusingthat.Ifyouknowthe
relationship,youknowtofirstdividebysqrt(3)tofindtheshortleg,and
thentomultiplybytwotofindthehypotenuse.Soletsdothat:

12*sqrt(3)/sqrt(3)=12
12*2=24

SoGFis12andtheFCis24.

NextwellexamineequilateraltriangleAFH.Equilateralmeansthatallthe
sidesarethesamelength,andwiththeinformationweknow,wecan
calculateoneofthesides!FHissimplythesumoflinesFGandGH,both
ofwhichweknowfrompreviouscalculations(FG=12,GH=12*sqrt(3)).

12+12*sqrt(3)

Wecannotsimplifythatfurther,sothatswhatweregoingwith.

AChastobethedifferencebetweenAFandCF,sinceAC+CF=AF.We
bothofthembeingpartoftheequilateraltriangleAFH.Sonowwe
subtract:

12+12*sqrt(3)24=12*sqrt(3)12
AC=12*sqrt(3)12

Great.Nowwemovetothelasttriangle:ABF.Lookingattheangle
congruencesgiventousintheverybeginning,anglesAandFofthe
trianglearebothequaltoanglesGCHandGHC,whichareboth45.Since
anglesAandFinthetriangleareboth45,theTriangleSumTheorem
reasonsthatangleBmustbe90.Well,wouldyoulookatthat?Another
454590triangle!SinceweknowthehypotenuseAFtobe
(12+12*sqrt(3)),wecandividebysqrt(2)togetoneofthelegswere
goingforBFheresincethatstheonewewant.

(12+12*sqrt(3))/sqrt(2)

Rationalizingthedenominator:

((sqrt(2))(12+12*sqrt(3)))/2
(12*sqrt(2)+12*sqrt(6))/2
6*sqrt(2)+6*sqrt(6)
BF=6*sqrt(2)+6*sqrt(6)

Thatsasfarsimplifiedasthatwillbe.

Nowweknowallthreeredmarkedsides.DEis6*sqrt(3),ACis