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he study of finger ridges is called dermatoglyphics and was devised in 1823 by Czech

biologist Johannes Evangelista Purkinje. Loops are the most common finger ridge
pattern. In a study group observed at NRI Medical College in Chinakakani, India,
loops were the most frequent pattern of ridges, appearing on 72.5 percent of little
fingers to 40.6 percent on ring fingers. The frequency of loops was higher in females
than in males in every finger except the ring finger.


In 1933, psychologist Noel Joaquin found connections between finger ridges and
personality traits. He claimed that loops represent mental and emotional elasticity, and
that whorls, the second most common finger ridge pattern, represent independence
and originality. Whorls appeared in 39.5 percent of the NRI study group. They were
more numerous on ring fingers and thumbs but far less present on middle and little
fingers. Men are more likely to have whorls than women because women have more
loops. The exception is the ring finger, where women are more likely to have whorls.


According to Jaquin, arched ridges represent an artistic temperament and are seen on
the fingers of self-contained or repressed individuals. Arches are mostly found on
index fingers and thumbs but were only present in 4.2 percent of the NRI Medical
School study group. Women are far more likely to have arched finger ridges than

Sexual Orientation

According to a study at Imperial College Medical School, London, women had a

significantly higher ridge count than men and more ridges on their left-hand fingers.
A fingerprint density of less than 13 ridges per 25 sq mm likely indicates a man, while
a person with a density of greater than 14 ridges per 25 sq mm is likely a woman. A
study of male-to-female and female-to-male transexuals compared to a control group
did not demonstrate that ridge count varied with gender identity or sexual orientation.
Homosexual men, however, tend to have more ridges on their left-hand fingers.

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