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Bell Work:
What are the
classroom rules?
Give an example of
each.

SCALE 706
Pull out your scales and rate your self based on
what you believe your ability is.

Unit 2: Stretching
and Shrinking
1.3 Scaling Up and Down

Unit Goal: Students will be able to solve


problems involving scale drawings of
geometric figures.
Learning goal: Students will use percents as
a way to describe size change. Student will
make accurate comparisons of measurements
of similar figures.

Corresponding angles and sides


What are the corresponding angles?
What are the corresponding sides?

Copier:
Angela makes a copy on the school copy machine
at 75% of the original copy. She also makes a copy
150% of the original copy.

Corresponding Sides and Angles


A. For each copy, tell how the side lengths compare to the
corresponding side lengths in the original design?
A. Bigger or smaller? By how much? How can you use multiplication to
get from the original to the copied number?

B. For each copy, tell how the angle measures compare to the
corresponding angle measure in the original design.
C. Describe how the perimeter of the triangle in each copy
compare to the perimeter of the triangle in the original
design.

Bell Work 1/8-1/9


Indicate the corresponding angles and
corresponding sides for the following:

ACE Questions!

Investigation 2
Similar figures
Not exactly the same but close!

Unit Goal: Students will be able to solve


problems involving scale drawings of
geometric figures.
Learning Goal: Students will be able to use
algebraic rules to produce similar figures.
They will focus on both lengths and angles
as criteria for similarity. They will be able to
contrast similar figures with non-similar
figures.

Lets do a little review work before


discussing similar figures.

Congruent Figures
In order to be congruent, two
figures must be the same size and
same shape.

Similar Figures
Similar figures must be the same shape,
but their sizes may be different.
This symbol
means similar
to

Sizes
Although the size of the two shapes can be
different, the sizes of the two shapes must
differ by a factor.
4
2
3

6
2

Sizes
In this case, the factor is x 2
4
2
3

6
3

6
2

Sizes
Or

you can think of the factor as 2 if you go


the other way
4
2
3

6
3

6
2

Enlargement
Reductions

When you have a


photograph
enlarged, you make
a similar photograph.

~
X3

A photograph can
also be shrunk to
produce a slide.

Determine the length of the


unknown side.

15

12

4
3

These triangles differ by a factor of


3

15
12

15

~
9

3= 5
?

4
3

Determine the length of the


unknown side.

?
2
4

24

These dodecagons differ by a factor


of 6.

6
x
2

2
4

2
1
=

24

Sometimes the factor between 2


figures is not obvious and some
calculations are necessary.

15

12
18

8
?=

10
12

To find this missing factor, divide 18 by 12.

18
12 =
1.5

The Value of the missing factor is 1.5

15

12
18

8
1.5 =

10
12

When changing the size of a figure,


will the angles of the figure also
change?
Nope! Remember, the sum of all 3
angles in a triangle MUST add to 180
degrees.
If the size of the
angles were
increased,
the sum
would exceed
180
degrees.

40

70

70

We can verify this fact by placing the


smaller triangle inside the larger triangle.

40
40

70

70

70

70

The 40 degree angles


are congruent.

The 70 degree angles


are congruent.
40

40
40
70
70

70
70

70
70

70 70

Find the length of the missing


side.

30

50

40

This looks messy. Lets


translate the two triangles.

30

50

40

Whats the
common
factor
between the
triangles?

Now things are easier to


see.

50

30
?
6
40
8

So the length of the missing


side is?

Thats right! Its ten!


50

30
10
6
40
8

Similarity is used to answer real life


questions.

Suppose that you


wanted to find
the height of this
tree.

Unfortunately all that you have is a tape


measure, and you are too short to reach
the top of the tree.

You can measure the length of the


trees shadow.

10 feet

Then, measure the length of your


shadow.

10 feet

2 feet

If you know how tall you are, then you


can determine how tall the tree is.

10 feet

6 ft

2 feet

The tree must be 30 ft tall.


Boy, thats a tall tree!

10 feet

6 ft

2 feet

Similar figures work just like


equivalent fractions.

30
66

5
11

These numerators and denominators


differ by a factor of 6.

30

66

5
11

Two equivalent fractions are called a


proportion.

30
66

5
11

Similar Figures

So, similar figures are two


figures that are the same
shape and whose sides are
proportional.

Practice Time!

1) Determine the missing side of the


triangle.

?
3

5
4

9
12

1) Determine the missing side of the


triangle.

15
3

5
4

9
12

2) Determine the missing


side of the triangle.
6

36

36

4
?

2) Determine the missing


side of the triangle.
6

36

36

4
24

3) Determine the missing


sides of the triangle.
39
24

33

?
8

3) Determine the missing


sides of the triangle.
39
24

33

13
8

11

4) Determine the height of


the lighthouse.

2.5
10

4) Determine the height of


the lighthouse.

32

2.5
10

5) Determine the height of


the car.

3
5

?
12

5) Determine the height of


the car.

3
5

7.2
12