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Bell Work:
What are the
classroom rules?
Give an example of
each.

SCALE 706
Pull out your scales and rate your self based on
what you believe your ability is.

Unit 2: Stretching
and Shrinking
1.3 Scaling Up and Down

Unit Goal: Students will be able to solve

problems involving scale drawings of
geometric figures.
Learning goal: Students will use percents as
a way to describe size change. Student will
make accurate comparisons of measurements
of similar figures.

Corresponding angles and sides

What are the corresponding angles?
What are the corresponding sides?

Copier:
Angela makes a copy on the school copy machine
at 75% of the original copy. She also makes a copy
150% of the original copy.

Corresponding Sides and Angles

A. For each copy, tell how the side lengths compare to the
corresponding side lengths in the original design?
A. Bigger or smaller? By how much? How can you use multiplication to
get from the original to the copied number?

B. For each copy, tell how the angle measures compare to the
corresponding angle measure in the original design.
C. Describe how the perimeter of the triangle in each copy
compare to the perimeter of the triangle in the original
design.

Bell Work 1/8-1/9

Indicate the corresponding angles and
corresponding sides for the following:

ACE Questions!

Investigation 2
Similar figures
Not exactly the same but close!

Unit Goal: Students will be able to solve

problems involving scale drawings of
geometric figures.
Learning Goal: Students will be able to use
algebraic rules to produce similar figures.
They will focus on both lengths and angles
as criteria for similarity. They will be able to
contrast similar figures with non-similar
figures.

Lets do a little review work before

discussing similar figures.

Congruent Figures
In order to be congruent, two
figures must be the same size and
same shape.

Similar Figures
Similar figures must be the same shape,
but their sizes may be different.
This symbol
means similar
to

Sizes
Although the size of the two shapes can be
different, the sizes of the two shapes must
differ by a factor.
4
2
3

6
2

Sizes
In this case, the factor is x 2
4
2
3

6
3

6
2

Sizes
Or

the other way
4
2
3

6
3

6
2

Enlargement
Reductions

When you have a

photograph
enlarged, you make
a similar photograph.

~
X3

A photograph can
also be shrunk to
produce a slide.

unknown side.

15

12

4
3

3

15
12

15

~
9

3= 5
?

4
3

unknown side.

?
2
4

24

of 6.

6
x
2

2
4

2
1
=

24

Sometimes the factor between 2

figures is not obvious and some
calculations are necessary.

15

12
18

8
?=

10
12

18
12 =
1.5

15

12
18

8
1.5 =

10
12

When changing the size of a figure,

will the angles of the figure also
change?
Nope! Remember, the sum of all 3
angles in a triangle MUST add to 180
degrees.
If the size of the
angles were
increased,
the sum
would exceed
180
degrees.

40

70

70

We can verify this fact by placing the

smaller triangle inside the larger triangle.

40
40

70

70

70

70

are congruent.

are congruent.
40

40
40
70
70

70
70

70
70

70 70

side.

30

50

40

This looks messy. Lets

translate the two triangles.

30

50

40

Whats the
common
factor
between the
triangles?

see.

50

30
?
6
40
8

side is?

50

30
10
6
40
8

questions.

Suppose that you

wanted to find
the height of this
tree.

Unfortunately all that you have is a tape

measure, and you are too short to reach
the top of the tree.

10 feet

10 feet

2 feet

If you know how tall you are, then you

can determine how tall the tree is.

10 feet

6 ft

2 feet

The tree must be 30 ft tall.

Boy, thats a tall tree!

10 feet

6 ft

2 feet

Similar figures work just like

equivalent fractions.

30
66

5
11

These numerators and denominators

differ by a factor of 6.

30

66

5
11

proportion.

30
66

5
11

Similar Figures

So, similar figures are two

figures that are the same
shape and whose sides are
proportional.

Practice Time!

triangle.

?
3

5
4

9
12

triangle.

15
3

5
4

9
12

2) Determine the missing

side of the triangle.
6

36

36

4
?

2) Determine the missing

side of the triangle.
6

36

36

4
24

3) Determine the missing

sides of the triangle.
39
24

33

?
8

3) Determine the missing

sides of the triangle.
39
24

33

13
8

11

the lighthouse.

2.5
10

the lighthouse.

32

2.5
10

the car.

3
5

?
12

the car.

3
5

7.2
12