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Alex T.

Zhao
Chul Ou (partner)
Greg Kerr
IB Chemistry HL 1B
January 8, 2013
Solubility Rules
Aim: To test the solubility of certain nitrates, chlorides, sulfates,
carbonates, bromides, iodides, and hydroxides by mixing the solutions of
the sodium salts of above-mentioned anions with solutions containing
different cations.
Data Collection:
Solutions Cation NaNO3
to be
Prese
tested
nt
NO3KNO3

K+

AgNO3

Ag+

Pb(NO3)2 Pb2+

NaCl
Cl-

Na2SO4 Na2CO3 NaBr


Anion Added
2SO4
CO32Br-

NaI

NaOH

I-

OH-

white

white

yellow

pale
yellow

yellow

brown

white

white

white

white

yellow

white

NH4NO3

NH4+

MgSO4

Mg2+

white

white

FeSO4

Fe2+

green

green

CuSO4

Cu2+

green

blue

ZnSO4

Zn2+

white

white

Cr2(SO4)3 Cr3+

green

Al2(SO4)3 Al3+

white

BaCl2

Ba2+

white

white

CaCl2

Ca2+

white

white

white

FeCl3

Fe3+

brown

brown

(cont. next page)

IB Chemistry HL Lab 7

January 8, 2013

Net Ionic Equations

IB Chemistry HL Lab 7

January 8, 2013

Ag(aq)
Cl (aq)
AgCl(s)
2

Pb(aq)
2Cl(aq)
PbCl2(s)

2
2Ag(aq)
SO4(aq)
Ag2 SO4(s)
2
2
Pb(aq)
SO4(aq)
PbSO4(s)
2
2
Ba(aq)
SO4(aq)
BaSO4(s)
2
2
Ca(aq)
SO4(aq)
CaSO4(s)

2
2Ag(aq)
CO3(aq)
Ag2CO3(s)
2
2
Pb(aq)
CO3(aq)
PbCO3(s)
2
2
Mg(aq)
CO3(aq)
MgCO3(s)
2
2
Fe(aq)
CO3(aq)
FeCO3(s)
2
2
Cu(aq)
CO3(aq)
CuCO3(s)
2
2
Zn(aq)
CO3(aq)
ZnCO3(s)
3
2
2Al(aq)
3CO3(aq)
Al2 (CO3 )3(s)
2
2
Ba(aq)
CO3(aq)
BaCO3(s)
2
2
Ca(aq)
CO3(aq)
CaCO3(s)

IB Chemistry HL Lab 7

January 8, 2013

3
2
2Fe(aq)
3CO3(aq)
Fe2 (CO3 )3(s)

Ag(aq)
Br(aq)
AgBr(s)
2

Pb(aq)
2Br(aq)
PbBr2(s)

Ag(aq)
I (aq)
AgI (s)
2

Pb(aq)
2I (aq)
PbI 2(s)

Ag(aq)
OH (aq)
AgOH (s)
2

Pb(aq)
2OH (aq)
Pb(OH )2(s)
2

Mg(aq)
2OH (aq)
Mg(OH )2(s)
2

Fe(aq)
2OH (aq)
Fe(OH )2(s)
2

Cu(aq)
2OH (aq)
Cu(OH )2(s)
2

Zn(aq)
2OH (aq)
Zn(OH )2(s)
3

Cr(aq)
3OH (aq)
Cr(OH )3(s)
2

Ca(aq)
2OH (aq)
Ca(OH )2(s)
3

Fe(aq)
3OH (aq)
Fe(OH )2(s)

IB Chemistry HL Lab 7

January 8, 2013