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Alex T.

Zhao
Greg Kerr
IB Chemistry HL 1B
February 23, 2013
Exothermic and endothermic processes
Objective: To observe some exothermic and endothermic processes
Part A Solution Processes
Data Collection:
Substance reacted Initial
with water
Temperature (C
0.2C)

Final
Temperature
(C 0.2C)

Temperature
change* (C
0.2C)

NH4Cl
NaOH
NaCH3COO
NaCl

15.0
60.0
25.5
19.8

-6.2
38.2
3.7
-0.4

21.2
21.8
21.8
20.2

T T T 15 C 21.2 C 6.2C

f
i
Sample Calculation:
Part B: Reaction Between Ammonium Thiocyanate and Barium
Hydroxide
Data Collection and Observations:
o Initial Temperature: 22.0C 0.2C
o Final Temperature: 6.0C 0.2 C
o Temperature change: 6.0C-22.0C= -16.0C
o During the experiment, a pungent smell was produced. Our
group hypothesized that one of the products was ammonia
gas.

Part C: Reaction Between Iron and Copper(II) Sulfate Solution


Data Collection:
o Initial Temperature: 22C 0.2C
o Final Temperature: 27C 0.2 C
o Temperature change: 22C-27C= -5.0C
Evidence of chemical reaction:
o Color change: surface of steel turns reddish brown, while
Copper sulfate solution becomes darker, greyish blue.
o Temperature Change
Processing of results, and questions:
1. Write equations for the reactions in parts A, B, and C and classify
each reaction as either exothermic or endothermic.
a. Part A:
NH 4 Cl(l ) H 2O(l ) NH 4OH (aq) HCl(aq)
i.
Endothermic
ii.

NaOH (s) H 2O(l ) Na(aq)


OH (aq)
H 2O

Exothermic
NaCH 3COO(s) H 2O(l ) NaOH (aq) CH 3COOH (aq)
iii.
Exothermic

NaCl(s) H 2O(l ) Na(aq) Cl(aq) H 2O(l )


iv.
Endothermic
IB Chemistry HL Lab 9

February 23, 2013

Ba(OH )

2NH SCN (aq)


Ba(SCN)2(aq) 2NH 3(g) 2H 2O(l )

2(s)
4
(s)
b. Part B:
Endothermic
Fe CuSO4(aq) FeSO4(aq) Cu(s)
c. Part C: (s)

IB Chemistry HL Lab 9

February 23, 2013

Exothermic