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How does it work?

The skeleton is made out of 206 bones. Where these bones meet, a joint and cartilage allow
movement. The strong calcium bones also protect the brain, lungs, heart, and more.
(cite:http://www.buzzle.com/articles/how-does-the-skeletal-system-work.html)
What does it do?
The skeletal system provides structure, protection, and the ability to move for a human. The
skeleton supports your organs and gives your body shape. It also protects fragile organs and
tissues from injury. In addition, the skeleton also give the muscle a place to attach in order to
give humans mobility.
(cite:http://hes.ucfsd.org/gclaypo/skelweb/skel01.html)
What types of cells and tissues?
The skeletal system is made up of bone cells. There are three types of bone cells, osteoblasts,
osteocytes, lining cells, and cytokines. Osteoblasts are single nuclei cells that synthesize bones.
they do so by secreting the matrix necessary for bones into the bones. Osteocytes are star
shaped cells, that transform from osteoblasts when they are trapped in the matrix they exude.
osteocytes play the role of synthesizing and altering molecules and sending signals over a long
distance. lining cells originate from flattened osteoblasts. lining cells are responsible for sending
cell processes through canaliculi, releasing calcium if the bones are low on calcium, protecting
the bone from dangerous chemicals that would dissolve and eat away at the bone, and
regulating bone fluids. Cytokines are cells in bones that make bone marrow cells unique,
changes in osteoblast differentiation, and changes in osteoclasts.
How is it organized?
The Skeletal is organized into two different groups: the axial skeleton and the appendicular
skeleton. The bones of the axial skeleton revolve around the vertical axis of the skeleton, while
the bones of the appendicular skeleton make up the limbs that have been appended to the axial
skeleton.
(cite:http://www.cliffsnotes.com/sciences/anatomy-and-physiology/the-skeletalsystem/organization-of-the-skeleton)
How does it function?
The human skeleton carries out the function of shape, support, movement, protection,and
bloodcell production and store. Bone structure gives shape to the body.
This shape changes as you grow, and your skeletal system determines your height,
width and other factors, such as the size of your hands and feet. Body shape or type is
genetically inherited. There are three main body shapes -- ectomorphs (tall and thin),
mesomorphs (shorter and muscular) and endormorphs (apple or pear-shaped).
The skeleton provides support to the body and keeps your internal organs in their proper
place. The vertebral column allows you to stand erect, while cavities and hollow spaces in the
skeleton are designed to hold your organs. For example, the skull holds the brain, the chest
cavity holds your lungs and heart while the abdominal cavity holds your gastrointestinal organs.

Additionally, the pelvis and leg bones are strong and thick to support the weight of the entire
skeleton.
The skeletal bones are held together by ligaments. Tendons attach your muscles to the
bones of your skeleton. The muscular and skeletal systems work together to carry out bodily
movement, and together they are called the musculoskeletal system. When muscles contract,
the skeleton moves. The shape of the skeletal system also impacts movement. The small bones
of the foot allow for adaptation to all sorts of terrain, while the small bones in the hands allow for
precise and detailed movement.
The skeleton protects vital organs from damage, encasing them within hard bones. The
cranium bone --skull -- houses the brain, while the vertebral, or spinal, column protects the
delicate spinal cord, which controls all bodily functions through communication with your brain.
The bony thorax, comprised of the ribs and sternum, protects your heart and lungs.
The spongy tissue inside long bones, such as the femur, or thigh bone, have two types
of marrow responsible for blood cell production. On average, 2.6 million red blood cells are
produced each second by the bone marrow. Red bone marrow gives rise to blood cells while
yellow bone marrow stores fat, which turns into red bone marrow in case of severe red blood
cell depletion or anemia.Skeletal bones also function as a storage bank for minerals, such as
calcium and phosphorus. These minerals are necessary for vital body functions, such as nerve
transmission and metabolism.
(cite:http://www.livestrong.com/article/115165-functions-skeleton/)

How does it work with other organ systems?


The skeletal system works with the muscular system and provides support for the muscles. The
muscles are connected to the bones with tendons. If the tendons were severed, the muscles
would have no support and would become useless. Since these two systems work so closely
together; they are often referred as the same system.
The skeletal system also works closely with the hematological system. The bone marrow
creates new blood cells. If there is a problem with the bone marrow, the hematological system is
directly affected. http://www.livestrong.com/article/77827-skeletal-system-works-other-systems/

What goes wrong in diseases that affect the organ system?


Skeleton work closely with the muscular system to help you move. Without it your body would
be water filled tissue. If the bone marrow was affected, the creation of new blood cells would
cease. One disease that affects the bones in a human is , Pagets disease. This disease causes
the bones to become too large and too weak. People with this disease are susceptible to more
bone breaks and weakness. Another disease, Fibrous Dysplasia, may cause frequent fractures,
bone bowing and weakness. This disease may go unnoticed for many years.
http://www.usbjd.org/projects/RBDPN_op.cfm?dirID=252
How it affects other organs in the body:

Muscles connect to your skeleton and they contract and move the skeleton along. Your skeletal
system is made up of cartilage and calcified bone that work together. They help the process of
movement happen in a smoother manner. The calcified bones of your skeleton also work with
the circulatory system. Marrow inside of your bones helps produce the cells inside of you blood.
Both red blood cells and white blood cells are created in your bones