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Importantly though, there is one genera - Euphorbia, that has thousands of species, all of which bleed

a milky white sap that is very corrosive and / or poisonous. Greater caution and preparation is
required for handling all members of this large genus. Even a small scratch on the leaves or stems can
start the sap flowing and often freely dripping. Wear protective glasses and gloves, as the sap can
splash and has been known to cause blindness.
Also the vapour emanating from Euphorbia sap can irritate eyes and the respiratory system. Only
prune or take cuttings in a well-ventilated, preferably outdoor area, with you positioned upwind..

Euphorbia candelabrum

Identifying a Euphorbia without really knowing them can be tricky, but is the first and most important
step in responsible due care.
When not in flower or fruit, some look like cacti and others look like common perennial shrubs in the
garden. If you think youve found one, the simplest check is to carefully scratch or pin-prick any part of
the plant to see if it has the milky white sap, keeping well back after doing this - then you may have
found one.
Being careful about any plant, including weeds, that bleed milky sap, is just as worthwhile even if its
not a Euphorbia e.g. thistles and milkweeds from the Asclepiad family which can also be poisonous.