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Section 3.

1
Describe Internet hardware and software.
Explain Internet protocols
Compare intranets, extranets, and the Internet
Section 3.2
Identify URL components
Compare Web browsers
Use search engines
Section 3.3
Describe Web development applications and hardware.
Describe connectivity components
Insert external hyperlinks
Section 3.4
Explain how to download files responsibly.
Summarize copyright and fair use laws.
Cite digital sources
Evaluate Web site content.
Section 3.1 Vocab/Notes
Internet service provider (ISP): A business that provides a network to customers
that they use to access the Internet.
Protocol: A set of rules and procedures that specify how data are formatted and
transmitted between computer systems.
Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TSP/IP): Basic internet
protocol that contains the specific information that allows computers to identify
each other exchange data.
Hypertext Transfer Protocol: Used to transfer files from a web server to a Web
browser.
Intranets: A LAN or WAN that is designed to make it easy to share information
within an organization within an organization, such as a business or a school.
Extranet: A type of network that can be accessed by outside or remote users who
are authorized to use the network.

Uniform resource locator (URL): A unique address that enables a browser to


locate specific page files on the web.

Section 3.2 Notes/Vocab


Domain name: Part of a URL that identifies the entity (Such as a university,
individual, or business) that sponsors the Web site.
Domain name extension: Part of a URL that tells users what type of organization
uses the address.
Accessibility option: A feature that allows differently abled individuals to access
and use Web pages.
Search Engine: An application that locates information about Web pages and then
stores this information in searchable databases that you can access from your
browser.
Web Directory: Search tool that catalogs Web sites (not pages) by topic or
category.
Keyword: An important word related to the specific topic you are trying to locate.
Boolean Search: A type of search that combines keywords in specific ways to
locate specific pages.

Section 3.3 Notes/Vocab:


Text editor: an application used to enter and edit the HTML code in a Web page.
Web site development application: Sophisticated application package that
some Web developers use to create Web sites. FrontPage is one that uses a
WYSIWYG interface.
WYSIWYG: Applications that allow you to create Web pages so that what you see
on the screen is very similar to the appearance of the final page; stands for What
you see is what you get.
External Hyperlink: A hyperlink that takes a user to a page on a different Web
site.

Section 3.4 Vocab/Notes:

Netiquette: General guidelines that have developed over the years to guide
Internet interactions.
Commercial software: Software that is developed and distributed with the
intention of making a profit.
Shareware: Copyrighted software that an author allows to be freely distributed.
Freeware: Software that can be freely copied and used for any legal purpose.