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New American Bible

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About the New American Bible -


The New American Bible sought to accomplish the existence
of an accurate translation in modern English in response to the
need of the Catholic Church in America today.

The New American Bible is a completely new translation throughout,


drawn from the original and the oldest available texts of the sacred
books. It aims to portrey as concisely as possible the thought and
intent of the writers.
Old Testament New Testament
Genesis Habakkuk Matthew
Exodus Zephaniah Mark
Leviticus Haggai Luke
Numbers Zechariah John
Deuteronomy Malachi Acts
Joshua Romans
Judges 1st Corinthians
Ruth 2nd Corinthians
1st Samuel Galatians
2nd Samuel Ephesians
1st Kings Philippians
2nd Kings Colossians
1st Chronicles 1st Thessalonians
2nd Chronicles 2nd Thessalonians
Ezra 1st Timothy
Nehemiah 2nd Timothy
Tobit Titus
Judith Philemon
Esther Hebrews
1st Maccabees James
2nd Maccabees 1st Peter
Job 2nd Peter
Psalms 1st John
Proverbs 2nd John
Ecclesiastes 3rd John
Song of Solomon Jude
Wisdom of Solomon Revelation
Sirach
Isaiah
Jeremiah
Lamentations
Baruch
Ezekiel
Daniel
Hosea
Joel
Amos
Obadiah
Jonah
Micah
Nahum

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Genesis
was gathered into its basin, and the dry
land appeared.
1In the beginning, when God created 10
God called the dry land "the earth,"
the heavens and the earth,
and the basin of the water he called "the
2 sea." God saw how good it was.
the earth was a formless wasteland,
and darkness covered the abyss, while 11
a mighty wind swept over the waters. Then God said, "Let the earth bring
forth vegetation: every kind of plant that
3 bears seed and every kind of fruit tree
Then God said, "Let there be light," and on earth that bears fruit with its seed in
there was light. it." And so it happened:
4
God saw how good the light was. God 12
the earth brought forth every kind of
then separated the light from the plant that bears seed and every kind of
darkness. fruit tree on earth that bears fruit with its
5
seed in it. God saw how good it was.
God called the light "day," and the
darkness he called "night." Thus 13
Evening came, and morning followed--
evening came, and morning followed-- the third day.
the first day.
14
6 Then God said: "Let there be lights in
Then God said, "Let there be a dome in the dome of the sky, to separate day
the middle of the waters, to separate from night. Let them mark the fixed
one body of water from the other." And times, the days and the years,
so it happened:
15
7 and serve as luminaries in the dome of
God made the dome, and it separated the sky, to shed light upon the earth."
the water above the dome from the And so it happened:
water below it.
16
8 God made the two great lights, the
God called the dome "the sky." Evening greater one to govern the day, and the
came, and morning followed--the lesser one to govern the night; and he
second day. made the stars.
9
Then God said, "Let the water under 17
God set them in the dome of the sky,
the sky be gathered into a single basin, to shed light upon the earth,
so that the dry land may appear." And
so it happened: the water under the sky
18 27
to govern the day and the night, and to God created man in his image; in the
separate the light from the darkness. divine image he created him; male and
God saw how good it was. female he created them.

19 28
Evening came, and morning followed-- God blessed them, saying: "Be fertile
the fourth day. and multiply; fill the earth and subdue it.
Have dominion over the fish of the sea,
20
Then God said, "Let the water teem the birds of the air, and all the living
with an abundance of living creatures, things that move on the earth."
and on the earth let birds fly beneath the
29
dome of the sky." And so it happened: God also said: "See, I give you every
seed-bearing plant all over the earth and
21
God created the great sea monsters every tree that has seed-bearing fruit on
and all kinds of swimming creatures with it to be your food;
which the water teems, and all kinds of
30
winged birds. God saw how good it was, and to all the animals of the land, all
the birds of the air, and all the living
22
and God blessed them, saying, "Be creatures that crawl on the ground, I
fertile, multiply, and fill the water of the give all the green plants for food." And
seas; and let the birds multiply on the so it happened.
earth."
31
God looked at everything he had made,
23
Evening came, and morning followed-- and he found it very good. Evening
the fifth day. came, and morning followed--the sixth
day.
24
Then God said, "Let the earth bring
forth all kinds of living creatures: cattle,
creeping things, and wild animals of all 2Thus the heavens and the earth and
kinds." And so it happened: all their array were completed.
25
God made all kinds of wild animals, all 2
Since on the seventh day God was
kinds of cattle, and all kinds of creeping finished with the work he had been
things of the earth. God saw how good it doing, he rested on the seventh day
was. from all the work he had undertaken.
26
Then God said: "Let us make man in 3
So God blessed the seventh day and
our image, after our likeness. Let them made it holy, because on it he rested
have dominion over the fish of the sea, from all the work he had done in
the birds of the air, and the cattle, and creation.
over all the wild animals and all the
creatures that crawl on the ground." 4
Such is the story of the heavens and
the earth at their creation. At the time
14
when the LORD God made the earth The name of the third river is the
and the heavens-- Tigris; it is the one that flows east of
Asshur. The fourth river is the Euphrates.
5
while as yet there was no field shrub on
15
earth and no grass of the field had The LORD God then took the man and
sprouted, for the LORD God had sent settled him in the garden of Eden, to
no rain upon the earth and there was no cultivate and care for it.
man to till the soil,
16
The LORD God gave man this order:
6
but a stream was welling up out of the "You are free to eat from any of the
earth and was watering all the surface of trees of the garden
the ground--
17
except the tree of knowledge of good
7
the LORD God formed man out of the and bad. From that tree you shall not
clay of the ground and blew into his eat; the moment you eat from it you are
nostrils the breath of life, and so man surely doomed to die."
became a living being.
18
The LORD God said: "It is not good for
8
Then the LORD God planted a garden the man to be alone. I will make a
in Eden, in the east, and he placed there suitable partner for him."
the man whom he had formed.
19
So the LORD God formed out of the
9
Out of the ground the LORD God made ground various wild animals and various
various trees grow that were delightful to birds of the air, and he brought them to
look at and good for food, with the tree the man to see what he would call them;
of life in the middle of the garden and whatever the man called each of them
the tree of the knowledge of good and would be its name.
bad.
20
The man gave names to all the cattle,
10
A river rises in Eden to water the all the birds of the air, and all the wild
garden; beyond there it divides and animals; but none proved to be the
becomes four branches. suitable partner for the man.

11 21
The name of the first is the Pishon; it is So the LORD God cast a deep sleep
the one that winds through the whole on the man, and while he was asleep,
land of Havilah, where there is gold. he took out one of his ribs and closed up
its place with flesh.
12
The gold of that land is excellent;
22
bdellium and lapis lazuli are also there. The LORD God then built up into a
woman the rib that he had taken from
13
The name of the second river is the the man. When he brought her to the
Gihon; it is the one that winds all man,
through the land of Cush.
23 7
the man said: "This one, at last, is Then the eyes of both of them were
bone of my bones and flesh of my flesh; opened, and they realized that they
This one shall be called 'woman,' for out were naked; so they sewed fig leaves
of 'her man' this one has been taken." together and made loincloths for
themselves.
24
That is why a man leaves his father
8
and mother and clings to his wife, and When they heard the sound of the
the two of them become one body. LORD God moving about in the garden
at the breezy time of the day, the man
25
The man and his wife were both naked, and his wife hid themselves from the
yet they felt no shame. LORD God among the trees of the
garden.

3Now the serpent was the most


9
The LORD God then called to the man
and asked him, "Where are you?"
cunning of all the animals that the LORD
God had made. The serpent asked the 10
woman, "Did God really tell you not to He answered, "I heard you in the
eat from any of the trees in the garden?" garden; but I was afraid, because I was
naked, so I hid myself."
2
The woman answered the serpent: "We 11
may eat of the fruit of the trees in the Then he asked, "Who told you that you
garden; were naked? You have eaten, then,
from the tree of which I had forbidden
3 you to eat!"
it is only about the fruit of the tree in the
middle of the garden that God said, 'You 12
shall not eat it or even touch it, lest you The man replied, "The woman whom
die.'" you put here with me--she gave me fruit
from the tree, so I ate it."
4
But the serpent said to the woman: 13
"You certainly will not die! The LORD God then asked the
woman, "Why did you do such a thing?"
5 The woman answered, "The serpent
No, God knows well that the moment tricked me into it, so I ate it."
you eat of it your eyes will be opened
and you will be like gods who know what 14
is good and what is bad." Then the LORD God said to the
serpent: "Because you have done this,
6 you shall be banned from all the animals
The woman saw that the tree was good and from all the wild creatures; On your
for food, pleasing to the eyes, and belly shall you crawl, and dirt shall you
desirable for gaining wisdom. So she eat all the days of your life.
took some of its fruit and ate it; and she
also gave some to her husband, who 15
was with her, and he ate it. I will put enmity between you and the
woman, and between your offspring and
24
hers; He will strike at your head, while When he expelled the man, he settled
you strike at his heel." him east of the garden of Eden; and he
stationed the cherubim and the fiery
16
To the woman he said: "I will intensify revolving sword, to guard the way to the
the pangs of your childbearing; in pain tree of life.
shall you bring forth children. Yet your
urge shall be for your husband, and he
shall be your master." 4The man had relations with his wife
17
Eve, and she conceived and bore Cain,
To the man he said: "Because you saying, "I have produced a man with the
listened to your wife and ate from the help of the LORD."
tree of which I had forbidden you to eat,
"Cursed be the ground because of you! 2
Next she bore his brother Abel. Abel
In toil shall you eat its yield all the days became a keeper of flocks, and Cain a
of your life. tiller of the soil.
18
Thorns and thistles shall it bring forth 3
In the course of time Cain brought an
to you, as you eat of the plants of the offering to the LORD from the fruit of the
field. soil,
19
By the sweat of your face shall you get 4
while Abel, for his part, brought one of
bread to eat, Until you return to the the best firstlings of his flock. The LORD
ground, from which you were taken; For looked with favor on Abel and his
you are dirt, and to dirt you shall return." offering,
20
The man called his wife Eve, because 5
but on Cain and his offering he did not.
she became the mother of all the living. Cain greatly resented this and was
21
crestfallen.
For the man and his wife the LORD
God made leather garments, with which 6
So the LORD said to Cain: "Why are
he clothed them. you so resentful and crestfallen?
22
Then the LORD God said: "See! The 7
If you do well, you can hold up your
man has become like one of us, head; but if not, sin is a demon lurking at
knowing what is good and what is bad! the door: his urge is toward you, yet you
Therefore, he must not be allowed to put can be his master."
out his hand to take fruit from the tree of
life also, and thus eat of it and live 8
forever." Cain said to his brother Abel, "Let us go
out in the field." When they were in the
23 field, Cain attacked his brother Abel and
The LORD God therefore banished killed him.
him from the garden of Eden, to till the
ground from which he had been taken.
9
Then the LORD asked Cain, "Where is Methusael, and Methusael became the
your brother Abel?" He answered, "I do father of Lamech.
not know. Am I my brother's keeper?"
19
Lamech took two wives; the name of
10
The LORD then said: "What have you the first was Adah, and the name of the
done! Listen: your brother's blood cries second Zillah.
out to me from the soil!
20
Adah gave birth to Jabal, the ancestor
11
Therefore you shall be banned from of all who dwell in tents and keep cattle.
the soil that opened its mouth to receive
your brother's blood from your hand. 21
His brother's name was Jubal; he was
the ancestor of all who play the lyre and
12
If you till the soil, it shall no longer give the pipe.
you its produce. You shall become a
restless wanderer on the earth." 22
Zillah, on her part, gave birth to
Tubalcain, the ancestor of all who forge
13
Cain said to the LORD: "My instruments of bronze and iron. The
punishment is too great to bear. sister of Tubalcain was Naamah.

14 23
Since you have now banished me from Lamech said to his wives: "Adah and
the soil, and I must avoid your presence Zillah, hear my voice; wives of Lamech,
and become a restless wanderer on the listen to my utterance: I have killed a
earth, anyone may kill me at sight." man for wounding me, a boy for bruising
me.
15
Not so!" the LORD said to him. "If
24
anyone kills Cain, Cain shall be If Cain is avenged sevenfold, then
avenged sevenfold." So the LORD put a Lamech seventy-sevenfold."
mark on Cain, lest anyone should kill
him at sight. 25
Adam again had relations with his wife,
and she gave birth to a son whom she
16
Cain then left the LORD'S presence called Seth. "God has granted me more
and settled in the land of Nod, east of offspring in place of Abel," she said,
Eden. "because Cain slew him."

17 26
Cain had relations with his wife, and To Seth, in turn, a son was born, and
she conceived and bore Enoch. Cain he named him Enosh. At that time men
also became the founder of a city, which began to invoke the LORD by name.
he named after his son Enoch.

18
To Enoch was born Irad, and Irad
became the father of Mehujael;
5This is the record of the descendants
of Adam. When God created man, he
Mehujael became the father of made him in the likeness of God;
2 14
he created them male and female. The whole lifetime of Kenan was nine
When they were created, he blessed hundred and ten years; then he died.
them and named them "man."
15
When Mahalalel was sixty-five years
3
Adam was one hundred and thirty old, he became the father of Jared.
years old when he begot a son in his
likeness, after his image; and he named 16
Mahalalel lived eight hundred and
him Seth. thirty years after the birth of Jared, and
he had other sons and daughters.
4
Adam lived eight hundred years after
the birth of Seth, and he had other sons 17
The whole lifetime of Mahalalel was
and daughters. eight hundred and ninety-five years;
then he died.
5
The whole lifetime of Adam was nine
hundred and thirty years; then he died. 18
When Jared was one hundred and
sixty-two years old, he became the
6
When Seth was one hundred and five father of Enoch.
years old, he became the father of
Enosh. 19
Jared lived eight hundred years after
the birth of Enoch, and he had other
7
Seth lived eight hundred and seven sons and daughters.
years after the birth of Enosh, and he
had other sons and daughters. 20
The whole lifetime of Jared was nine
hundred and sixty-two years; then he
8
The whole lifetime of Seth was nine died.
hundred and twelve years; then he died.
21
When Enoch was sixty-five years old,
9
When Enosh was ninety years old, he he became the father of Methuselah.
became the father of Kenan.
22
Enoch lived three hundred years after
10
Enosh lived eight hundred and fifteen the birth of Methuselah, and he had
years after the birth of Kenan, and he other sons and daughters.
had other sons and daughters.
23
The whole lifetime of Enoch was three
11
The whole lifetime of Enosh was nine hundred and sixty-five years.
hundred and five years; then he died.
24
Then Enoch walked with God, and he
12
When Kenan was seventy years old, was no longer here, for God took him.
he became the father of Mahalalel.
25
When Methuselah was one hundred
13
Kenan lived eight hundred and forty and eighty-seven years old, he became
years after the birth of Mahalalel, and he the father of Lamech.
had other sons and daughters.
26 4
Methuselah lived seven hundred and At that time the Nephilim appeared on
eighty-two years after the birth of earth (as well as later), after the sons of
Lamech, and he had other sons and heaven had intercourse with the
daughters. daughters of man, who bore them sons.
They were the heroes of old, the men of
27
The whole lifetime of Methuselah was renown.
nine hundred and sixty-nine years; then
5
he died. When the LORD saw how great was
man's wickedness on earth, and how no
28
When Lamech was one hundred and desire that his heart conceived was ever
eighty-two years old, he begot a son anything but evil,

6
29
and named him Noah, saying, "Out of he regretted that he had made man on
the very ground that the LORD has put the earth, and his heart was grieved.
under a curse, this one shall bring us
7
relief from our work and the toil of our So the LORD said: "I will wipe out from
hands." the earth the men whom I have created,
and not only the men, but also the
30
Lamech lived five hundred and ninety- beasts and the creeping things and the
five years after the birth of Noah, and he birds of the air, for I am sorry that I
had other sons and daughters. made them."

8
31
The whole lifetime of Lamech was But Noah found favor with the LORD.
seven hundred and seventy-seven
9
years; then he died. These are the descendants of Noah.
Noah, a good man and blameless in that
32
When Noah was five hundred years age,
old, he became the father of Shem,
10
Ham, and Japheth. for he walked with God, begot three
sons: Shem, Ham, and Japheth.

6When men began to multiply on earth 11


In the eyes of God the earth was
corrupt and full of lawlessness.
and daughters were born to them,
12
2
the sons of heaven saw how beautiful When God saw how corrupt the earth
the daughters of man were, and so they had become, since all mortals led
took for their wives as many of them as depraved lives on earth,
they chose. 13
he said to Noah: "I have decided to put
3
Then the LORD said: "My spirit shall an end to all mortals on earth; the earth
not remain in man forever, since he is is full of lawlessness because of them.
but flesh. His days shall comprise one So I will destroy them and all life on
hundred and twenty years." earth.
14
Make yourself an ark of gopherwood,
put various compartments in it, and
cover it inside and out with pitch.
7Then the LORD said to Noah: "Go
into the ark, you and all your household,
15
for you alone in this age have I found to
This is how you shall build it: the be truly just.
length of the ark shall be three hundred
cubits, its width fifty cubits, and its 2
Of every clean animal, take with you
height thirty cubits. seven pairs, a male and its mate; and of
16
the unclean animals, one pair, a male
Make an opening for daylight in the ark, and its mate;
and finish the ark a cubit above it. Put
an entrance in the side of the ark, which 3
likewise, of every clean bird of the air,
you shall make with bottom, second and seven pairs, a male and a female, and
third decks. of all the unclean birds, one pair, a male
17
and a female. Thus you will keep their
I, on my part, am about to bring the issue alive over all the earth.
flood (waters) on the earth, to destroy
everywhere all creatures in which there 4
Seven days from now I will bring rain
is the breath of life; everything on earth down on the earth for forty days and
shall perish. forty nights, and so I will wipe out from
18
the surface of the earth every moving
But with you I will establish my creature that I have made."
covenant; you and your sons, your wife
and your sons' wives, shall go into the 5
Noah did just as the LORD had
ark. commanded him.
19
Of all other living creatures you shall 6
Noah was six hundred years old when
bring two into the ark, one male and one the flood waters came upon the earth.
female, that you may keep them alive
with you. 7
Together with his sons, his wife, and
20 his sons' wives, Noah went into the ark
Of all kinds of birds, of all kinds of because of the waters of the flood.
beasts, and of all kinds of creeping
things, two of each shall come into the 8
ark with you, to stay alive. Of the clean animals and the unclean,
of the birds, and of everything that
21 creeps on the ground,
Moreover, you are to provide yourself
with all the food that is to be eaten, and 9
store it away, that it may serve as (two by two) male and female entered
provisions for you and for them." the ark with Noah, just as the LORD had
commanded him.
22
This Noah did; he carried out all the
commands that God gave him.
10 19
As soon as the seven days were over, Higher and higher above the earth
the waters of the flood came upon the rose the waters, until all the highest
earth. mountains everywhere were submerged,

11 20
In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, the crest rising fifteen cubits higher
in the second month, on the than the submerged mountains.
seventeenth day of the month: it was on
that day that All the fountains of the 21
All creatures that stirred on earth
great abyss burst forth, and the perished: birds, cattle, wild animals, and
floodgates of the sky were opened. all that swarmed on the earth, as well as
all mankind.
12
For forty days and forty nights heavy
rain poured down on the earth. 22
Everything on dry land with the faintest
breath of life in its nostrils died out.
13
On the precise day named, Noah and
his sons Shem, Ham, and Japheth, and 23
The LORD wiped out every living thing
Noah's wife, and the three wives of on earth: man and cattle, the creeping
Noah's sons had entered the ark, things and the birds of the air; all were
wiped out from the earth. Only Noah
14
together with every kind of wild beast, and those with him in the ark were left.
every kind of domestic animal, every
kind of creeping thing of the earth, and 24
The waters maintained their crest over
every kind of bird. the earth for one hundred and fifty days,
15
Pairs of all creatures in which there
was the breath of life entered the ark
with Noah.
8and then God remembered Noah and
all the animals, wild and tame, that were
16 with him in the ark. So God made a wind
Those that entered were male and sweep over the earth, and the waters
female, and of all species they came, as began to subside.
God had commanded Noah. Then the
LORD shut him in. 2
The fountains of the abyss and the
17 floodgates of the sky were closed, and
The flood continued upon the earth for the downpour from the sky was held
forty days. As the waters increased, back.
they lifted the ark, so that it rose above
the earth. 3
Gradually the waters receded from the
18 earth. At the end of one hundred and
The swelling waters increased greatly, fifty days, the waters had so diminished
but the ark floated on the surface of the
waters. 4
that, in the seventh month, on the
seventeenth day of the month, the ark
came to rest on the mountains of Ararat.
5 14
The waters continued to diminish until In the second month, on the twenty-
the tenth month, and on the first day of seventh day of the month, the earth was
the tenth month the tops of the dry.
mountains appeared.
15
Then God said to Noah:
6
At the end of forty days Noah opened
the hatch he had made in the ark, 16
"Go out of the ark, together with your
wife and your sons and your sons' wives.
7
and he sent out a raven, to see if the
waters had lessened on the earth. It flew 17
Bring out with you every living thing
back and forth until the waters dried off that is with you--all bodily creatures, be
from the earth. they birds or animals or creeping things
of the earth-and let them abound on the
8
Then he sent out a dove, to see if the earth, breeding and multiplying on it."
waters had lessened on the earth.
18
So Noah came out, together with his
9
But the dove could find no place to wife and his sons and his sons' wives;
alight and perch, and it returned to him
in the ark, for there was water all over 19
and all the animals, wild and tame, all
the earth. Putting out his hand, he the birds, and all the creeping creatures
caught the dove and drew it back to him of the earth left the ark, one kind after
inside the ark. another.
10
He waited seven days more and again 20
Then Noah built an altar to the LORD,
sent the dove out from the ark. and choosing from every clean animal
and every clean bird, he offered
11
In the evening the dove came back to holocausts on the altar.
him, and there in its bill was a plucked-
off olive leaf! So Noah knew that the 21
When the LORD smelled the sweet
waters had lessened on the earth. odor, he said to himself: "Never again
will I doom the earth because of man,
12
He waited still another seven days and since the desires of man's heart are evil
then released the dove once more; and from the start; nor will I ever again strike
this time it did not come back. down all living beings, as I have done.

13 22
In the six hundred and first year of As long as the earth lasts, seedtime
Noah's life, in the first month, on the first and harvest, cold and heat, Summer
day of the month, the water began to dry and winter, and day and night shall not
up on the earth. Noah then removed the cease."
covering of the ark and saw that the
surface of the ground was drying up.
11
I will establish my covenant with you,
9God blessed Noah and his sons and that never again shall all bodily
creatures be destroyed by the waters of
said to them: "Be fertile and multiply and
fill the earth. a flood; there shall not be another flood
to devastate the earth."
2
Dread fear of you shall come upon all 12
the animals of the earth and all the birds God added: "This is the sign that I am
of the air, upon all the creatures that giving for all ages to come, of the
move about on the ground and all the covenant between me and you and
fishes of the sea; into your power they every living creature with you:
are delivered. 13
I set my bow in the clouds to serve as
3
Every creature that is alive shall be a sign of the covenant between me and
yours to eat; I give them all to you as I the earth.
did the green plants. 14
When I bring clouds over the earth,
4
Only flesh with its lifeblood still in it you and the bow appears in the clouds,
shall not eat. 15
I will recall the covenant I have made
5
For your own lifeblood, too, I will between me and you and all living
demand an accounting: from every beings, so that the waters shall never
animal I will demand it, and from man in again become a flood to destroy all
regard to his fellow man I will demand mortal beings.
an accounting for human life. 16
As the bow appears in the clouds, I will
6
If anyone sheds the blood of man, by see it and recall the everlasting
man shall his blood be shed; For in the covenant that I have established
image of God has man been made. between God and all living beings--all
mortal creatures that are on earth."
7
Be fertile, then, and multiply; abound on 17
earth and subdue it." God told Noah: "This is the sign of the
covenant I have established between
8 me and all mortal creatures that are on
God said to Noah and to his sons with earth."
him:
18
9 The sons of Noah who came out of the
"See, I am now establishing my ark were Shem, Ham and Japheth.
covenant with you and your (Ham was the father of Canaan.)
descendants after you
19
10 These three were the sons of Noah,
and with every living creature that was and from them the whole earth was
with you: all the birds, and the various peopled.
tame and wild animals that were with
you and came out of the ark.
20
Now Noah, a man of the soil, was the
first to plant a vineyard. 10 These are the descendants of
21
Noah's sons, Shem, Ham, and Japheth,
When he drank some of the wine, he to whom sons were born after the flood.
became drunk and lay naked inside his
tent. 2
The descendants of Japheth: Gomer,
22
Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech,
Ham, the father of Canaan, saw his and Tiras.
father's nakedness, and he told his two
brothers outside about it. 3
The descendants of Gomer: Ashkenaz,
23
Riphath, and Togarmah.
Shem and Japheth, however, took a
robe, and holding it on their backs, they 4
The descendants of Javan: Elishah,
walked backward and covered their Tarshish, the Kittim, and the Rodanim.
father's nakedness; since their faces
were turned the other way, they did not 5
see their father's nakedness. These are the descendants of Japheth,
and from them sprang the maritime
24 nations, in their respective lands--each
When Noah woke up from his with its own language--by their clans
drunkenness and learned what his within their nations.
youngest son had done to him,
6
25 The descendants of Ham: Cush,
he said: "Cursed be Caanan! The Mizraim, Put, and Canaan.
lowest of slaves shall he be to his
brothers." 7
The descendants of Cush: Seba,
26 Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah, and Sabteca.
He also said: "Blessed be the LORD, The descendants of Raamah: Sheba
the God of Shem! Let Canaan be his and Dedan.
slave.
8
27 Cush became the father of Nimrod,
May God expand Japheth, so that he who was the first potentate on earth.
dwells among the tents of Shem; and let
Canaan be his slave." 9
He was a mighty hunter by the grace of
28 the LORD; hence the saying, "Like
Noah lived three hundred and fifty Nimrod, a mighty hunter by the grace of
years after the flood. the LORD."
29
The whole lifetime of Noah was nine 10
The chief cities of his kingdom were
hundred and fifty years; then he died. Babylon, Erech, and Accad, all of them
in the land of Shinar.
11 22
From that land he went forth to Asshur, The descendants of Shem: Elam,
where he built Nineveh, Rehoboth-Ir, Asshur, Arpachshad, Lud, and Aram.
and Calah,
23
The descendants of Aram: Uz, Hul,
12
as well as Resen, between Nineveh Gether, and Mash.
and Calah, the latter being the principal
city. 24
Arpachshad became the father of
Shelah, and Shelah became the father
13
Mizraim became the father of the of Eber.
Ludim, the Anamim, the Lehabim, the
Naphtuhim, 25
To Eber two sons were born: the name
of the first was Peleg, for in his time the
14
the Pathrusim, the Casluhim, and the world was divided; and the name of his
Caphtorim from whom the Philistines brother was Joktan.
sprang.
26
Joktan became the father of Almodad,
15
Canaan became the father of Sidon, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah,
his first-born, and of Heth;
27
Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah,
16
also of the Jebusites, the Amorites, the
Girgashites, 28
Obal, Abimael, Sheba,
17
the Hivites, the Arkites, the Sinites, 29
Ophir, Havilah, and Jobab. All these
were descendants of Joktan.
18
the Arvadites, the Zemarites, and the
Hamathites. Afterward, the clans of the 30
Their settlements extended all the way
Canaanites spread out, to Sephar, the eastern hill country.
19
so that the Canaanite borders 31
These are the descendants of Shem,
extended from Sidon all the way to according to their clans and languages
Gerar, near Gaza, and all the way to by their lands and nations.
Sodom, Gomorrah, Admah and Zeboiim,
near Lasha. 32
These are the groupings of Noah's
20
sons, according to their origins and by
These are the descendants of Ham, their nations. From these the other
according to their clans and languages, nations of the earth branched out after
by their lands and nations. the flood.
21
To Shem also, Japheth's oldest
brother and the ancestor of all the
children of Eber, sons were born.
11The whole world spoke the same
language, using the same words.
2 11
While men were migrating in the east, Shem lived five hundred years after
they came upon a valley in the land of the birth of Arpachshad, and he had
Shinar and settled there. other sons and daughters.

3 12
They said to one another, "Come, let us When Arpachshad was thirty-five
mold bricks and harden them with fire." years old, he became the father of
They used bricks for stone, and bitumen Shelah.
for mortar.
13
Arpachshad lived four hundred and
4
Then they said, "Come, let us build three years after the birth of Shelah, and
ourselves a city and a tower with its top he had other sons and daughters.
in the sky, and so make a name for
ourselves; otherwise we shall be 14
When Shelah was thirty years old, he
scattered all over the earth." became the father of Eber.
5
LORD came down to see the city and 15
Shelah lived four hundred and three
the tower that the men had built. years after the birth of Eber, and he had
other sons and daughters.
6
Then the LORD said: "If now, while
they are one people, all speaking the 16
When Eber was thirty-four years old,
same language, they have started to do he became the father of Peleg.
this, nothing will later stop them from
doing whatever they presume to do. 17
Eber lived four hundred and thirty
7
years after the birth of Peleg, and he
Let us then go down and there confuse had other sons and daughters.
their language, so that one will not
understand what another says." 18
When Peleg was thirty years old, he
8
became the father of Reu.
Thus the LORD scattered them from
there all over the earth, and they 19
Peleg lived two hundred and nine
stopped building the city. years after the birth of Reu, and he had
9
other sons and daughters.
That is why it was called Babel,
because there the LORD confused the 20
When Reu was thirty-two years old, he
speech of all the world. It was from that became the father of Serug.
place that he scattered them all over the
earth. 21
Reu lived two hundred and seven
10 years after the birth of Serug, and he
This is the record of the descendants
had other sons and daughters.
of Shem. When Shem was one hundred
years old, he became the father of 22
Arpachshad, two years after the flood. When Serug was thirty years old, he
became the father of Nahor.
23
Serug lived two hundred years after
the birth of Nahor, and he had other
sons and daughters.
12 The LORD said to Abram: "Go
forth from the land of your kinsfolk and
24
from your father's house to a land that I
When Nahor was twenty-nine years will show you.
old, he became the father of Terah.
2
25
"I will make of you a great nation, and I
Nahor lived one hundred and nineteen will bless you; I will make your name
years after the birth of Terah, and he great, so that you will be a blessing.
had other sons and daughters.
3
26
I will bless those who bless you and
When Terah was seventy years old, curse those who curse you. All the
he became the father of Abram, Nahor communities of the earth shall find
and Haran. blessing in you."
27
This is the record of the descendants 4
Abram went as the LORD directed him,
of Terah. Terah became the father of and Lot went with him. Abram was
Abram, Nahor, and Haran, and Haran seventy-five years old when he left
became the father of Lot. Haran.
28
Haran died before his father Terah, in 5
Abram took his wife Sarai, his brother's
his native land, in Ur of the Chaldeans. son Lot, all the possessions that they
had accumulated, and the persons they
29
Abram and Nahor took wives; the had acquired in Haran, and they set out
name of Abram's wife was Sarai, and for the land of Canaan. When they came
the name of Nahor's wife was Milcah, to the land of Canaan,
daughter of Haran, the father of Milcah
and Iscah. 6
Abram passed through the land as far
as the sacred place at Shechem, by the
30
Sarai was barren; she had no child. terebinth of Moreh. (The Canaanites
were then in the land.)
31
Terah took his son Abram, his
7
grandson Lot, son of Haran, and his The LORD appeared to Abram and
daughter-in-law Sarai, the wife of his said, "To your descendants I will give
son Abram, and brought them out of Ur this land." So Abram built an altar there
of the Chaldeans, to go to the land of to the LORD who had appeared to him.
Canaan. But when they reached Haran,
they settled there. 8
From there he moved on to the hill
country east of Bethel, pitching his tent
32
The lifetime of Terah was two hundred with Bethel to the west and Ai to the
and five years; then Terah died in Haran. east. He built an altar there to the LORD
and invoked the LORD by name.
9 19
Then Abram journeyed on by stages to Why did you say, 'She is my sister,' so
the Negeb. that I took her for my wife? Here, then,
is your wife. Take her and be gone!"
10
There was famine in the land; so
20
Abram went down to Egypt to sojourn Then Pharaoh gave men orders
there, since the famine in the land was concerning him, and they sent him on
severe. his way, with his wife and all that
belonged to him.
11
When he was about to enter Egypt, he
said to his wife Sarai: "I know well how
beautiful a woman you are. 13From Egypt Abram went up to the
12
Negeb with his wife and all that
When the Egyptians see you, they will belonged to him, and Lot accompanied
say, 'She is his wife'; then they will kill him.
me, but let you live.
2
13
Now Abram was very rich in livestock,
Please say, therefore, that you are my silver, and gold.
sister, so that it may go well with me on
your account and my life may be spared 3
From the Negeb he traveled by stages
for your sake." toward Bethel, to the place between
14
Bethel and Ai where his tent had
When Abram came to Egypt, the formerly stood,
Egyptians saw how beautiful the woman
was; and when Pharaoh's courtiers saw 4
the site where he had first built the
her, altar; and there he invoked the LORD by
15
name.
they praised her to Pharaoh. So she
was taken into Pharaoh's palace. 5
Lot, who went with Abram, also had
16
flocks and herds and tents,
On her account it went very well with
Abram, and he received flocks and 6
so that the land could not support them
herds, male and female slaves, male if they stayed together; their
and female asses, and camels. possessions were so great that they
17
could not dwell together.
But the LORD struck Pharaoh and his
household with severe plagues because 7
There were quarrels between the
of Abram's wife Sarai. herdsmen of Abram's livestock and
18
those of Lot's. (At this time the
Then Pharaoh summoned Abram and Canaanites and the Perizzites were
said to him: "How could you do this to occupying the land.)
me! Why didn't you tell me she was your
wife? 8
So Abram said to Lot: "Let there be no
strife between you and me, or between
17
your herdsmen and mine, for we are Set forth and walk about in the land,
kinsmen. through its length and breadth, for to
you I will give it."
9
Is not the whole land at your disposal?
18
Please separate from me. If you prefer Abram moved his tents and went on to
the left, I will go to the right; if you prefer settle near the terebinth of Mamre,
the right, I will go to the left." which is at Hebron. There he built an
altar to the LORD.
10
Lot looked about and saw how well
watered the whole Jordan Plain was as
far as Zoar, like the LORD'S own garden,
or like Egypt. (This was before the
14In the days of. . . , Amraphel king
of Shinar, Arioch king of Ellasar,
LORD had destroyed Sodom and Chedorlaomer king of Elam, and Tidal
Gomorrah.) king of Goiim
11
Lot, therefore, chose for himself the 2
made war on Bera king of Sodom,
whole Jordan Plain and set out Birsha king of Gomorrah, Shinab king of
eastward. Thus they separated from Admah, Shemeber king of Zeboiim, and
each other; the king of Bela (that is, Zoar).
12
Abram stayed in the land of Canaan, 3
All the latter kings joined forces in the
while Lot settled among the cities of the Valley of Siddim (that is, the Salt Sea).
Plain, pitching his tents near Sodom.
4
13 For twelve years they had been subject
Now the inhabitants of Sodom were to Chedorlaomer, but in the thirteenth
very wicked in the sins they committed year they rebelled.
against the LORD.
5
14 In the fourteenth year Chedorlaomer
After Lot had left, the LORD said to and the kings allied with him came and
Abram: "Look about you, and from defeated the Rephaim in Ashteroth-
where you are, gaze to the north and karnaim, the Zuzim in Ham, the Emim in
south, east and west; Shaveh-kiriathaim,
15
all the land that you see I will give to 6
and the Horites in the hill country of
you and your descendants forever. Seir, as far as Elparan, close by the
16
wilderness.
I will make your descendants like the
dust of the earth; if anyone could count 7
They then turned back and came to
the dust of the earth, your descendants Enmishpat (that is, Kadesh), and they
too might be counted. subdued the whole country both of the
Amalekites and of the Amorites who
dwelt in Hazazon-tamar.
8 16
Thereupon the king of Sodom, the king He recovered all the possessions,
of Gomorrah, the king of Admah, the besides bringing back his kinsman Lot
king of Zeboiim, and the king of Bela and his possessions, along with the
(that is, Zoar) marched out, and in the women and the other captives.
Valley of Siddim they went into battle
against them: 17
When Abram returned from his victory
over Chedorlaomer and the kings who
9
against Chedorlaomer king of Elam, were allied with him, the king of Sodom
Tidal king of Goiim, Amraphel king of went out to greet him in the Valley of
Shinar, and Arioch king of Ellasar-four Shaveh (that is, the King's Valley).
kings against five.
18
Melchizedek, king of Salem, brought
10
Now the Valley of Siddim was full of out bread and wine, and being a priest
bitumen pits; and as the kings of Sodom of God Most High, he blessed Abram
and Gomorrah fled, they fell into these, with these words:
while the rest fled to the mountains.
19
Blessed be Abram by God Most High,
11
The victors seized all the possessions the creator of heaven and earth;
and food supplies of Sodom and
Gomorrah and then went their way, 20
And blessed be God Most High, who
delivered your foes into your hand."
12
taking with them Abram's nephew Lot, Then Abram gave him a tenth of
who had been living in Sodom, as well everything.
as his possessions.
21
The king of Sodom said to Abram,
13
A fugitive came and brought the news "Give me the people; the goods you
to Abram the Hebrew, who was camping may keep."
at the terebinth of Mamre the Amorite, a
kinsman of Eshcol and Aner; these were 22
But Abram replied to the king of
in league with Abram. Sodom: "I have sworn to the LORD,
God Most High, the creator of heaven
14
When Abram heard that his nephew and earth,
had been captured, he mustered three
hundred and eighteen of his retainers, 23
that I would not take so much as a
born in his house, and went in pursuit as thread or a sandal strap from anything
far as Dan. that is yours, lest you should say, 'I
made Abram rich.'
15
He and his party deployed against
them at night, defeated them, and 24
Nothing for me except what my
pursued them as far as Hobah, which is servants have used up and the share
north of Damascus. that is due to the men who joined me--
Aner, Eshcol and Mamre; let them take
their share."
10
He brought him all these, split them in
15Some time after these events, this two, and placed each half opposite the
other; but the birds he did not cut up.
word of the LORD came to Abram in a
vision: "Fear not, Abram! I am your 11
shield; I will make your reward very Birds of prey swooped down on the
great." carcasses, but Abram stayed with them.

12
2
But Abram said, "O Lord GOD, what As the sun was about to set, a trance
good will your gifts be, if I keep on being fell upon Abram, and a deep, terrifying
childless and have as my heir the darkness enveloped him.
steward of my house, Eliezer?"
13
Then the LORD said to Abram: "Know
3
Abram continued, "See, you have given for certain that your descendants shall
me no offspring, and so one of my be aliens in a land not their own, where
servants will be my heir." they shall be enslaved and oppressed
for four hundred years.
4
Then the word of the LORD came to 14
him: "No, that one shall not be your heir; But I will bring judgment on the nation
your own issue shall be your heir." they must serve, and in the end they will
depart with great wealth.
5
He took him outside and said: "Look up 15
at the sky and count the stars, if you can. You, however, shall join your
Just so," he added, "shall your forefathers in peace; you shall be buried
descendants be." at a contented old age.

16
6
Abram put his faith in the LORD, who In the fourth time-span the others shall
credited it to him as an act of come back here; the wickedness of the
righteousness. Amorites will not have reached its full
measure until then."
7
He then said to him, "I am the LORD 17
who brought you from Ur of the When the sun had set and it was dark,
Chaldeans to give you this land as a there appeared a smoking brazier and a
possession." flaming torch, which passed between
those pieces.
8
"O Lord GOD," he asked, "How am I to 18
know that I shall possess it?" It was on that occasion that the LORD
made a covenant with Abram, saying:
9
He answered him, "Bring me a three- "To your descendants I give this land,
year-old heifer, a three-year-old she- from the Wadi of Egypt to the Great
goat, a three-year-old ram, a turtle-dove, River (the Euphrates),
and a young pigeon." 19
the land of the Kenites, the Kenizzites,
the Kadmonites,
20 7
the Hittites, the Perizzites, the The LORD'S messenger found her by a
Rephaim, spring in the wilderness, the spring on
the road to Shur,
21
the Amorites, the Canaanites, the
8
Girgashites, and the Jebusites." and he asked, "Hagar, maid of Sarai,
where have you come from and where
are you going?" She answered, "I am
16Abram's wife Sarai had borne him running away from my mistress, Sarai."
no children. She had, however, an 9
Egyptian maidservant named Hagar. But the LORD'S messenger told her:
"Go back to your mistress and submit to
2 her abusive treatment.
Sarai said to Abram: "The LORD has
kept me from bearing children. Have 10
intercourse, then, with my maid; I will make your descendants so
perhaps I shall have sons through her." numerous," added the LORD'S
Abram heeded Sarai's request. messenger, "that they will be too many
to count.
3
Thus, after Abram had lived ten years 11
in the land of Canaan, his wife Sarai Besides," the LORD'S messenger said
took her maid, Hagar the Egyptian, and to her: "You are now pregnant and shall
gave her to her husband Abram to be bear a son; you shall name him Ishmael,
his concubine. For the LORD has heard you, God has
answered you.
4
He had intercourse with her, and she 12
became pregnant. When she became He shall be a wild ass of a man, his
aware of her pregnancy, she looked on hand against everyone, and everyone's
her mistress with disdain. hand against him; In opposition to all his
kin shall he encamp."
5
So Sarai said to Abram: "You are 13
responsible for this outrage against me. To the LORD who spoke to her she
I myself gave my maid to your embrace; gave a name, saying, "You are the God
but ever since she became aware of her of Vision"; she meant, "Have I really
pregnancy, she has been looking on me seen God and remained alive after my
with disdain. May the LORD decide vision?"
between you and me!" 14
That is why the well is called Beer-
6
Abram told Sarai: "Your maid is in your lahai-roi. It is between Kadesh and
power. Do to her whatever you please." Bered.
Sarai then abused her so much that 15
Hagar ran away from her. Hagar bore Abram a son, and Abram
named the son whom Hagar bore him
Ishmael.
16
Abram was eighty-six years old when you must keep my covenant throughout
Hagar bore him Ishmael. the ages.

10
This is my covenant with you and your
17When Abram was ninety-nine descendants after you that you must
keep: every male among you shall be
years old, the LORD appeared to him
and said: "I am God the Almighty. Walk circumcised.
in my presence and be blameless. 11
Circumcise the flesh of your foreskin,
2
Between you and me I will establish my and that shall be the mark of the
covenant, and I will multiply you covenant between you and me.
exceedingly." 12
Throughout the ages, every male
3
When Abram prostrated himself, God among you, when he is eight days old,
continued to speak to him: shall be circumcised, including
houseborn slaves and those acquired
4 with money from any foreigner who is
"My covenant with you is this: you are not of your blood.
to become the father of a host of nations.
13
5 Yes, both the houseborn slaves and
No longer shall you be called Abram; those acquired with money must be
your name shall be Abraham, for I am circumcised. Thus my covenant shall be
making you the father of a host of in your flesh as an everlasting pact.
nations.
14
6 If a male is uncircumcised, that is, if
I will render you exceedingly fertile; I the flesh of his foreskin has not been cut
will make nations of you; kings shall away, such a one shall be cut off from
stem from you. his people; he has broken my
7
covenant."
I will maintain my covenant with you
and your descendants after you 15
God further said to Abraham: "As for
throughout the ages as an everlasting your wife Sarai, do not call her Sarai;
pact, to be your God and the God of her name shall be Sarah.
your descendants after you.
16
8 I will bless her, and I will give you a
I will give to you and to your son by her. Him also will I bless; he shall
descendants after you the land in which give rise to nations, and rulers of
you are now staying, the whole land of peoples shall issue from him."
Canaan, as a permanent possession;
and I will be their God." 17
Abraham prostrated himself and
9 laughed as he said to himself, "Can a
God also said to Abraham: "On your child be born to a man who is a hundred
part, you and your descendants after
26
years old? Or can Sarah give birth at Thus, on that same day Abraham and
ninety?" his son Ishmael were circumcised;

18 27
Then Abraham said to God, "Let but and all the male members of his
Ishmael live on by your favor!" household, including the slaves born in
his house or acquired with his money
19
God replied: "Nevertheless, your wife from foreigners, were circumcised with
Sarah is to bear you a son, and you him.
shall call him Isaac. I will maintain my
covenant with him as an everlasting
pact, to be his God and the God of his
descendants after him.
18The LORD appeared to Abraham
by the terebinth of Mamre, as he sat in
20
the entrance of his tent, while the day
As for Ishmael, I am heeding you: I was growing hot.
hereby bless him. I will make him fertile
and will multiply him exceedingly. He 2
Looking up, he saw three men standing
shall become the father of twelve nearby. When he saw them, he ran from
chieftains, and I will make of him a great the entrance of the tent to greet them;
nation. and bowing to the ground,
21
But my covenant I will maintain with 3
he said: "Sir, if I may ask you this favor,
Isaac, whom Sarah shall bear to you by please do not go on past your servant.
this time next year."
4
22 Let some water be brought, that you
When he had finished speaking with may bathe your feet, and then rest
him, God departed from Abraham. yourselves under the tree.
23
Then Abraham took his son Ishmael 5
Now that you have come this close to
and all his slaves, whether born in his your servant, let me bring you a little
house or acquired with his money-- food, that you may refresh yourselves;
every male among the members of and afterward you may go on your way."
Abraham's household--and he "Very well," they replied, "do as you
circumcised the flesh of their foreskins have said."
on that same day, as God had told him
to do. 6
Abraham hastened into the tent and
24 told Sarah, "Quick, three seahs of fine
Abraham was ninety-nine years old flour! Knead it and make rolls."
when the flesh of his foreskin was
circumcised, 7
He ran to the herd, picked out a tender,
25 choice steer, and gave it to a servant,
and his son Ishmael was thirteen who quickly prepared it.
years old when the flesh of his foreskin
was circumcised.
8 17
Then he got some curds and milk, as The LORD reflected: "Shall I hide from
well as the steer that had been prepared, Abraham what I am about to do,
and set these before them; and he
waited on them under the tree while 18
now that he is to become a great and
they ate. populous nation, and all the nations of
the earth are to find blessing in him?
9
"Where is your wife Sarah?" they asked
him. "There in the tent," he replied. 19
Indeed, I have singled him out that he
may direct his sons and his posterity to
10
One of them said, "I will surely return keep the way of the LORD by doing
to you about this time next year, and what is right and just, so that the LORD
Sarah will then have a son." Sarah was may carry into effect for Abraham the
listening at the entrance of the tent, just promises he made about him."
behind him.
20
Then the LORD said: "The outcry
11
Now Abraham and Sarah were old, against Sodom and Gomorrah is so
advanced in years, and Sarah had great, and their sin so grave,
stopped having her womanly periods.
21
that I must go down and see whether
12
So Sarah laughed to herself and said, or not their actions fully correspond to
"Now that I am so withered and my the cry against them that comes to me. I
husband is so old, am I still to have mean to find out."
sexual pleasure?"
22
While the two men walked on farther
13
But the LORD said to Abraham: "Why toward Sodom, the LORD remained
did Sarah laugh and say, 'Shall I really standing before Abraham.
bear a child, old as I am?'
23
Then Abraham drew nearer to him and
14
Is anything too marvelous for the said: "Will you sweep away the innocent
LORD to do? At the appointed time, with the guilty?
about this time next year, I will return to
you, and Sarah will have a son." 24
Suppose there were fifty innocent
people in the city; would you wipe out
15
Because she was afraid, Sarah the place, rather than spare it for the
dissembled, saying, "I didn't laugh." But sake of the fifty innocent people within
he said, "Yes you did." it?

16 25
The men set out from there and looked Far be it from you to do such a thing,
down toward Sodom; Abraham was to make the innocent die with the guilty,
walking with them, to see them on their so that the innocent and the guilty would
way. be treated alike! Should not the judge of
all the world act with justice?"
26
The LORD replied, "If I find fifty
innocent people in the city of Sodom, I
will spare the whole place for their
19 The two angels reached Sodom in
the evening, as Lot was sitting at the
sake." gate of Sodom. When Lot saw them, he
27
got up to greet them; and bowing down
Abraham spoke up again: "See how I with his face to the ground,
am presuming to speak to my Lord,
though I am but dust and ashes! 2
he said, "Please, gentlemen, come
28
aside into your servant's house for the
What if there are five less than fifty night, and bathe your feet; you can get
innocent people? Will you destroy the up early to continue your journey." But
whole city because of those five?" "I will they replied, "No, we shall pass the
not destroy it," he answered, "if I find night in the town square."
forty-five there."
3
29
He urged them so strongly, however,
But Abraham persisted, saying, "What that they turned aside to his place and
if only forty are found there?" He replied, entered his house. He prepared a meal
"I will forebear doing it for the sake of for them, baking cakes without leaven,
the forty." and they dined.
30
Then he said, "Let not my Lord grow 4
Before they went to bed, all the
impatient if I go on. What if only thirty townsmen of Sodom, both young and
are found there?" He replied, "I will old--all the people to the last man--
forebear doing it if I can find but thirty closed in on the house.
there."
5
31
They called to Lot and said to him,
Still he went on, "Since I have thus "Where are the men who came to your
dared to speak to my Lord, what if there house tonight? Bring them out to us that
are no more than twenty?" "I will not we may have intimacies with them."
destroy it," he answered, "for the sake of
the twenty." 6
Lot went out to meet them at the
32
entrance. When he had shut the door
But he still persisted: "Please, let not behind him,
my Lord grow angry if I speak up this
last time. What if there are at least ten 7
he said, "I beg you, my brothers, not to
there?" "For the sake of those ten," he do this wicked thing.
replied, "I will not destroy it."
8
33 I have two daughters who have never
The LORD departed as soon as he had intercourse with men. Let me bring
had finished speaking with Abraham, them out to you, and you may do to
and Abraham returned home. them as you please. But don't do
anything to these men, for you know
16
they have come under the shelter of my When he hesitated, the men, by the
roof." LORD'S mercy, seized his hand and the
hands of his wife and his two daughters
9
They replied, "Stand back! This fellow," and led them to safety outside the city.
they sneered, "came here as an
17
immigrant, and now he dares to give As soon as they had been brought
orders! We'll treat you worse than them!" outside, he was told: "Flee for your life!
With that, they pressed hard against Lot, Don't look back or stop anywhere on the
moving in closer to break down the door. Plain. Get off to the hills at once, or you
will be swept away."
10
But his guests put out their hands,
18
pulled Lot inside with them, and closed "Oh, no, my lord!" replied Lot.
the door;
19
"You have already thought enough of
11
at the same time they struck the men your servant to do me the great
at the entrance of the house, one and all, kindness of intervening to save my life.
with such a blinding light that they were But I cannot flee to the hills to keep the
utterly unable to reach the doorway. disaster from overtaking me, and so I
shall die.
12
Then the angels said to Lot: "Who else
20
belongs to you here? Your sons (sons- Look, this town ahead is near enough
in-law) and your daughters and all who to escape to. It's only a small place. Let
belong to you in the city--take them me flee there--it's a small place, isn't it?-
away from it! -that my life may be saved."

13 21
We are about to destroy this place, for "Well, then," he replied, "I will also
the outcry reaching the LORD against grant you the favor you now ask. I will
those in the city is so great that he has not overthrow the town you speak of.
sent us to destroy it."
22
Hurry, escape there! I cannot do
14
So Lot went out and spoke to his sons- anything until you arrive there." That is
in-law, who had contracted marriage why the town is called Zoar.
with his daughters. "Get up and leave
this place," he told them; "the LORD is 23
The sun was just rising over the earth
about to destroy the city." But his sons- as Lot arrived in Zoar;
in-law thought he was joking.
24
15
at the same time the LORD rained
As dawn was breaking, the angels down sulphurous fire upon Sodom and
urged Lot on, saying, "On your way! Gomorrah (from the LORD out of
Take with you your wife and your two heaven).
daughters who are here, or you will be
swept away in the punishment of the 25
He overthrew those cities and the
city." whole Plain, together with the
34
inhabitants of the cities and the produce Next day the older one said to the
of the soil. younger: "Last night it was I who lay with
my father. Let us ply him with wine
26
But Lot's wife looked back, and she again tonight, and then you go in and lie
was turned into a pillar of salt. with him, that we may both have
offspring by our father."
27
Early the next morning Abraham went 35
to the place where he had stood in the So that night, too, they plied their
LORD'S presence. father with wine, and then the younger
one went in and lay with him; but again
28 he was not aware of her lying down or
As he looked down toward Sodom and
Gomorrah and the whole region of the her getting up.
Plain, he saw dense smoke over the 36
land rising like fumes from a furnace. Thus both of Lot's daughters became
pregnant by their father.
29
Thus it came to pass: when God 37
destroyed the Cities of the Plain, he was The older one gave birth to a son
mindful of Abraham by sending Lot whom she named Moab, saying, "From
away from the upheaval by which God my father." He is the ancestor of the
overthrew the cities where Lot had been Moabites of today.
living.
38
The younger one, too, gave birth to a
30
Since Lot was afraid to stay in Zoar, son, and she named him Ammon,
he and his two daughters went up from saying, "The son of my kin." He is the
Zoar and settled in the hill country, ancestor of the Ammonites of today.
where he lived with his two daughters in
a cave.

31
20 Abraham journeyed on to the
The older one said to the younger: region of the Negeb, where he settled
"Our father is getting old, and there is between Kadesh and Shur. While he
not a man on earth to unite with us as stayed in Gerar,
was the custom everywhere.
2
32
he said of his wife Sarah, "She is my
Come, let us ply our father with wine sister." So Abimelech, king of Gerar,
and then lie with him, that we may have sent and took Sarah.
offspring by our father."
3
33
But God came to Abimelech in a dream
So that night they plied their father one night and said to him, "You are
with wine, and the older one went in and about to die because of the woman you
lay with her father; but he was not aware have taken, for she has a husband."
of her lying down or her getting up.
4 12
Abimelech, who had not approached Besides, she is in truth my sister, but
her, said: "O Lord, would you slay a man only my father's daughter, not my
even though he is innocent? mother's; and so she became my wife.

5 13
He himself told me, 'She is my sister,' When God sent me wandering from
and she herself also stated, 'He is my my father's house, I asked her: 'Would
brother.' I did it in good faith and with you do me this favor? In whatever place
clean hands." we come to, say that I am your brother.'"

6 14
God answered him in the dream: "Yes, Then Abimelech took flocks and herds
I know you did it in good faith. In fact, it and male and female slaves and gave
was I who kept you from sinning against them to Abraham; and after he restored
me; that is why I did not let you touch his wife Sarah to him,
her.
15
he said, "Here, my land lies at your
7
Therefore, return the man's wife--as a disposal; settle wherever you please."
spokesman he will intercede for you--
that your life may be saved. If you do 16
To Sarah he said: "See, I have given
not return her, you can be sure that you your brother a thousand shekels of
and all who are yours will certainly die." silver. Let that serve you as a
vindication before all who are with you;
8
Early the next morning Abimelech your honor has been preserved with
called all his court officials and informed everyone."
them of everything that had happened,
and the men were horrified. 17
Abraham then interceded with God,
and God restored health to Abimelech,
9
Then Abimelech summoned Abraham that is, to his wife and his maidservants,
and said to him: "How could you do this so that they could bear children;
to us! What wrong did I do to you that
you should have brought such 18
for God had tightly closed every womb
monstrous guilt on me and my in Abimelech's household on account of
kingdom? You have treated me in an Abraham's wife Sarah.
intolerable way.

10
What were you afraid of," he asked
him, "that you should have done such a
21The LORD took note of Sarah as
thing?" he had said he would; he did for her as
he had promised.
11
"I was afraid," answered Abraham, 2
"because I thought there would surely Sarah became pregnant and bore
be no fear of God in this place, and so Abraham a son in his old age, at the set
they would kill me on account of my wife. time that God had stated.
3 13
Abraham gave the name Isaac to this As for the son of the slave woman, I
son of his whom Sarah bore him. will make a great nation of him also,
since he too is your offspring."
4
When his son Isaac was eight days old,
14
Abraham circumcised him, as God had Early the next morning Abraham got
commanded. some bread and a skin of water and
gave them to Hagar. Then, placing the
5
Abraham was a hundred years old child on her back, he sent her away. As
when his son Isaac was born to him. she roamed aimlessly in the wilderness
of Beer-sheba,
6
Sarah then said, "God has given me 15
cause to laugh, and all who hear of it will the water in the skin was used up. So
laugh with me. she put the child down under a shrub,

16
7
Who would have told Abraham," she and then went and sat down opposite
added, "that Sarah would nurse him, about a bowshot away; for she said
children! Yet I have borne him a son in to herself, "Let me not watch to see the
his old age." child die." As she sat opposite him, he
began to cry.
8
Isaac grew, and on the day of the 17
child's weaning, Abraham held a great God heard the boy's cry, and God's
feast. messenger called to Hagar from
heaven: "What is the matter, Hagar?
9
Sarah noticed the son whom Hagar the Don't be afraid; God has heard the boy's
cry in this plight of his.
Egyptian had borne to Abraham playing
with her son Isaac; 18
Arise, lift up the boy and hold him by
10
so she demanded of Abraham: "Drive the hand; for I will make of him a great
out that slave and her son! No son of nation."
that slave is going to share the 19
inheritance with my son Isaac!" Then God opened her eyes, and she
saw a well of water. She went and filled
11
Abraham was greatly distressed, the skin with water, and then let the boy
especially on account of his son Ishmael. drink.

20
12
But God said to Abraham: "Do not be God was with the boy as he grew up.
He lived in the wilderness and became
distressed about the boy or about your
slave woman. Heed the demands of an expert bowman,
Sarah, no matter what she is asking of 21
you; for it is through Isaac that with his home in the wilderness of
descendants shall bear your name. Paran. His mother got a wife for him
from the land of Egypt.
22 32
About that time Abimelech, When they had thus made the pact in
accompanied by Phicol, the commander Beer-sheba, Abimelech, along with
of his army, said to Abraham: "God is Phicol, the commander of his army, left
with you in everything you do. and returned to the land of the
Philistines.
23
Therefore, swear to me by God at this
33
place that you will not deal falsely with Abraham planted a tamarisk at Beer-
me or with my progeny and posterity, sheba, and there he invoked by name
but will act as loyally toward me and the the LORD, God the Eternal.
land in which you stay as I have acted
toward you." 34
Abraham resided in the land of the
Philistines for many years.
24
To this Abraham replied, "I so swear."

25
Abraham, however, reproached
Abimelech about a well that Abimelech's
22Some time after these events,
God put Abraham to the test. He called
men had seized by force. to him, "Abraham!" "Ready!" he replied.
26
"I have no idea who did that," 2
Then God said: "Take your son Isaac,
Abimelech replied. "In fact, you never your only one, whom you love, and go to
told me about it, nor did I ever hear of it the land of Moriah. There you shall offer
until now." him up as a holocaust on a height that I
27
will point out to you."
Then Abraham took sheep and cattle
and gave them to Abimelech and the 3
Early the next morning Abraham
two made a pact. saddled his donkey, took with him his
28
son Isaac, and two of his servants as
Abraham also set apart seven ewe well, and with the wood that he had cut
lambs of the flock, for the holocaust, set out for the place of
which God had told him.
29
and Abimelech asked him, "What is
the purpose of these seven ewe lambs 4
On the third day Abraham got sight of
that you have set apart?" the place from afar.
30
Abraham answered, "The seven ewe 5
Then he said to his servants: "Both of
lambs you shall accept from me that you stay here with the donkey, while the
thus I may have your acknowledgment boy and I go on over yonder. We will
that the well was dug by me." worship and then come back to you."
31
This is why the place is called Beer- 6
Thereupon Abraham took the wood for
sheba; the two took an oath there. the holocaust and laid it on his son
Isaac's shoulders, while he himself
carried the fire and the knife.
7 15
As the two walked on together, Isaac Again the LORD'S messenger called
spoke to his father Abraham. "Father!" to Abraham from heaven
he said. "Yes, son," he replied. Isaac
continued, "Here are the fire and the 16
and said: "I swear by myself, declares
wood, but where is the sheep for the the LORD, that because you acted as
holocaust?" you did in not withholding from me your
beloved son,
8
"Son," Abraham answered, "God
himself will provide the sheep for the 17
I will bless you abundantly and make
holocaust." Then the two continued your descendants as countless as the
going forward. stars of the sky and the sands of the
seashore; your descendants shall take
9
When they came to the place of which possession of the gates of their enemies,
God had told him, Abraham built an altar
there and arranged the wood on it. Next 18
and in your descendants all the
he tied up his son Isaac, and put him on nations of the earth shall find blessing--
top of the wood on the altar. all this because you obeyed my
command.''
10
Then he reached out and took the
knife to slaughter his son. 19
Abraham then returned to his servants,
and they set out together for Beer-sheba,
11
But the LORD'S messenger called to where Abraham made his home.
him from heaven, "Abraham, Abraham!"
"Yes, Lord," he answered. 20
Some time afterward, the news came
to Abraham: "Milcah too has borne sons,
12
"Do not lay your hand on the boy," said to your brother Nahor:
the messenger. "Do not do the least
thing to him. I know now how devoted 21
Uz, his first-born, his brother Buz,
you are to God, since you did not Kemuel (the father of Aram),
withhold from me your own beloved
son." 22
Chesed, Hazo, Pildash, Jidlaph, and
13
Bethuel."
As Abraham looked about, he spied a
ram caught by its horns in the thicket. 23
Bethuel became the father of Rebekah.
So he went and took the ram and
These eight Milcah bore to Abraham's
offered it up as a holocaust in place of brother Nahor.
his son.
24
14 His concubine, whose name was
Abraham named the site Yahweh-
Reumah, also bore children: Tebah,
yireh; hence people now say, "On the
Gaham, Tahash, and Maacah.
mountain the LORD will see."
11
"Please, sir, listen to me! I give you
23The span of Sarah's life was one both the field and the cave in it; in the
presence of my kinsmen I make this gift.
hundred and twenty-seven years.
Bury your dead!"
2
She died in Kiriatharba (that is, Hebron) 12
in the land of Canaan, and Abraham But Abraham, after bowing low before
performed the customary mourning rites the local citizens, addressed Ephron in
for her. the hearing of these men:

13
3
Then he left the side of his dead one "Ah, if only you would please listen to
and addressed the Hittites: me! I will pay you the price of the field.
Accept it from me, that I may bury my
4 dead there."
"Although I am a resident alien among
you, sell me from your holdings a piece 14
of property for a burial ground, that I Ephron replied to Abraham, "Please,
may bury my dead wife." 15
sir, listen to me! A piece of land worth
5
The Hittites answered Abraham: four hundred shekels of silver--what is
"Please, sir, that between you and me, as long as
you can bury your dead?"
6
listen to us! You are an elect of God 16
among us. Bury your dead in the Abraham accepted Ephron's terms; he
choicest of our burial sites. None of us weighed out to him the silver that
would deny you his burial ground for the Ephron had stipulated in the hearing of
burial of your dead." the Hittites, four hundred shekels of
silver at the current market value.
7
Abraham, however, began to bow low 17
before the local citizens, the Hittites, Thus Ephron's field in Machpelah,
facing Mamre, together with its cave and
8 all the trees anywhere within its limits,
while he appealed to them: "If you will was conveyed
allow me room for burial of my dead,
listen to me! Intercede for me with 18
Ephron, son of Zohar, asking him to Abraham by purchase in the
presence of all the Hittites who sat on
9 Ephron's town council.
to sell me the cave of Machpelah that
he owns; it is at the edge of his field. Let 19
him sell it to me in your presence, at its After this transaction, Abraham buried
full price, for a burial place." his wife Sarah in the cave of the field of
Machpelah, facing Mamre (that is,
10 Hebron) in the land of Canaan.
Now Ephron was present with the
Hittites. So Ephron the Hittite replied to
Abraham in the hearing of the Hittites
who sat on his town council:
20 8
Thus the field with its cave was If the woman is unwilling to follow you,
transferred from the Hittites to Abraham you will be released from this oath. But
as a burial place. never take my son back there!"

9
So the servant put his hand under the
24Abraham had now reached a ripe thigh of his master Abraham and swore
to him in this undertaking.
old age, and the LORD had blessed him
in every way. 10
The servant then took ten of his
2
Abraham said to the senior servant of master's camels, and bearing all kinds
his household, who had charge of all his of gifts from his master, he made his
possessions: "Put your hand under my way to the city of Nahor in Aram
thigh, Naharaim.

11
3
and I will make you swear by the LORD, Near evening, at the time when
the God of heaven and the God of earth, women go out to draw water, he made
that you will not procure a wife for my the camels kneel by the well outside the
son from the daughters of the city.
Canaanites among whom I live, 12
Then he prayed: "LORD, God of my
4
but that you will go to my own land and master Abraham, let it turn out favorably
to my kindred to get a wife for my son for me today and thus deal graciously
Isaac." with my master Abraham.

13
5
The servant asked him: "What if the While I stand here at the spring and
woman is unwilling to follow me to this the daughters of the townsmen are
land? Should I then take your son back coming out to draw water,
to the land from which you migrated?" 14
if I say to a girl, 'Please lower your jug,
6
"Never take my son back there for any that I may drink,' and she answers,
reason," Abraham told him. 'Take a drink, and let me give water to
your camels, too,' let her be the one
7 whom you have decided upon for your
"The LORD, the God of heaven, who servant Isaac. In this way I shall know
took me from my father's house and the that you have dealt graciously with my
land of my kin, and who confirmed by master."
oath the promise he then made to me, 'I
will give this land to your descendants'-- 15
he will send his messenger before you, He had scarcely finished these words
and you will obtain a wife for my son when Rebekah (who was born to
there. Bethuel, son of Milcah, the wife of
Abraham's brother Nahor) came out with
a jug on her shoulder.
16 25
The girl was very beautiful, a virgin, There is plenty of straw and fodder at
untouched by man. She went down to our place," she added, "and room to
the spring and filled her jug. As she spend the night."
came up,
26
The man then bowed down in worship
17
the servant ran toward her and said, to the LORD,
"Please give me a sip of water from your
jug." 27
saying: "Blessed be the LORD, the
God of my master Abraham, who has
18
"Take a drink, sir," she replied, and not let his constant kindness toward my
quickly lowering the jug onto her hand, master fail. As for myself also, the
she gave him a drink. LORD has led me straight to the house
of my master's brother."
19
When she had let him drink his fill, she
28
said, "I will draw water for your camels, Then the girl ran off and told her
too, until they have drunk their fill." mother's household about it.

20 29
With that, she quickly emptied her jug Now Rebekah had a brother named
into the drinking trough and ran back to Laban.
the well to draw more water, until she
had drawn enough for all the camels. 30
As soon as he saw the ring and the
bracelets on his sister Rebekah and
21
The man watched her the whole time, heard her words about what the man
silently waiting to learn whether or not had said to her, Laban rushed outside to
the LORD had made his errand the man at the spring. When he reached
successful. him, he was still standing by the camels
at the spring.
22
When the camels had finished drinking,
31
the man took out a gold ring weighing So he said to him: "Come, blessed of
half a shekel, which he fastened on her the LORD! Why are you staying outside
nose, and two gold bracelets weighing when I have made the house ready for
ten shekels, which he put on her wrists. you, as well as a place for the camels?"

23 32
Then he asked her: "Whose daughter The man then went inside; and while
are you? Tell me, please. And is there the camels were being unloaded and
room in your father's house for us to provided with straw and fodder, water
spend the night?" was brought to bathe his feet and the
feet of the men who were with him.
24
She answered: "I am the daughter of
33
Bethuel the son of Milcah, whom she But when the table was set for him, he
bore to Nahor. said, "I will not eat until I have told my
tale." "Do so," they replied.
34
"I am Abraham's servant," he began. to draw water, Please give me a little
water from your jug,
35
"The LORD has blessed my master so
44
abundantly that he has become a and she answers, Not only may you
wealthy man; he has given him flocks have a drink, but I will give water to your
and herds, silver and gold, male and camels, too--let her be the woman
female slaves, and camels and asses. whom the LORD has decided upon for
my master's son.'
36
My master's wife Sarah bore a son to
45
my master in her old age, and he has "I had scarcely finished saying this
given him everything he owns. prayer to myself when Rebekah came
out with a jug on her shoulder. After she
37
My master put me under oath, saying: went down to the spring and drew water,
'You shall not procure a wife for my son I said to her, 'Please let me have a
among the daughters of the Canaanites drink.'
in whose land I live;
46
She quickly lowered the jug she was
38
instead, you shall go to my father's carrying and said, 'Take a drink, and let
house, to my own relatives, to get a wife me bring water for your camels, too.' So
for my son.' I drank, and she watered the camels
also.
39
When I asked my master, 'What if the 47
woman will not follow me?,' When I asked her, 'Whose daughter
are you?' she answered, 'The daughter
40 of Bethuel, son of Nahor, borne to
he replied: 'The LORD, in whose
presence I have always walked, will Nahor by Milcah.' So I put the ring on
send his messenger with you and make her nose and the bracelets on her wrists.
your errand successful, and so you will 48
get a wife for my son from my own Then I bowed down in worship to the
kindred of my father's house. LORD, blessing the LORD, the God of
my master Abraham, who had led me
41
Then you shall be released from my on the right road to obtain the daughter
of my master's kinsman for his son.
ban. If you visit my kindred and they
refuse you, then, too, you shall be 49
released from my ban.' If, therefore, you have in mind to show
true loyalty to my master, let me know;
42
"When I came to the spring today, I but if not, let me know that, too. I can
then proceed accordingly."
prayed: 'LORD, God of my master
Abraham, may it be your will to make 50
successful the errand I am engaged on! Laban and his household said in reply:
"This thing comes from the LORD; we
43 can say nothing to you either for or
While I stand here at the spring, if I
say to a young woman who comes out against it.
51 60
Here is Rebekah, ready for you; take Invoking a blessing on Rebekah, they
her with you, that she may become the said: "Sister, may you grow into
wife of your master's son, as the LORD thousands of myriads; And may your
has said." descendants gain possession of the
gates of their enemies!"
52
When Abraham's servant heard their
61
answer, he bowed to the ground before Then Rebekah and her maids started
the LORD. out; they mounted their camels and
followed the man. So the servant took
53
Then he brought out objects of silver Rebekah and went on his way.
and gold and articles of clothing and
62
presented them to Rebekah; he also Meanwhile Isaac had gone from Beer-
gave costly presents to her brother and lahai-roi and was living in the region of
mother. the Negeb.

54 63
After he and the men with him had One day toward evening he went
eaten and drunk, they spent the night out. . . in the field, and as he looked
there. When they were up the next around, he noticed that camels were
morning, he said, "Give me leave to approaching.
return to my master."
64
Rebekah, too, was looking about, and
55
Her brother and mother replied, "Let when she saw him, she alighted from
the girl stay with us a short while, say her camel
ten days; after that she may go."
65
and asked the servant, "Who is the
56
But he said to them, "Do not detain me, man out there, walking through the
now that the LORD has made my errand fields toward us?" "That is my master,"
successful; let me go back to my replied the servant. Then she covered
master." herself with her veil.

57 66
They answered, "Let us call the girl The servant recounted to Isaac all the
and see what she herself has to say things he had done.
about it."
67
Then Isaac took Rebekah into his tent;
58
So they called Rebekah and asked her, he married her, and thus she became
"Do you wish to go with this man?" She his wife. In his love for her Isaac found
answered, "I do." solace after the death of his mother
Sarah.
59
At this they allowed their sister
Rebekah and her nurse to take leave,
along with Abraham's servant and his
men.
25Abraham married another wife,
whose name was Keturah.
2
She bore him Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, the Egyptian, Sarah's slave, bore to
Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah. Abraham.

3 13
Jokshan became the father of Sheba These are the names of Ishmael's
and Dedan. The descendants of Dedan sons, listed in the order of their birth:
were the Asshurim, the Letushim, and Nebaioth (Ishmael's firstborn), Kedar,
the Leummim. Adbeel, Mibsam,

4 14
The descendants of Midian were Ephah, Mishma, Dumah, Massa,
Epher, Hanoch, Abida, and Eldaah. All
of these were descendants of Keturah. 15
Hadad, Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and
Kedemah.
5
Abraham deeded everything that he
owned to his son Isaac. 16
These are the sons of Ishmael, their
names by their villages and
6
To his sons by concubinage, however, encampments; twelve chieftains of as
he made grants while he was still living, many tribal groups.
as he sent them away eastward, to the
land of Kedem, away from his son Isaac. 17
The span of Ishmael's life was one
hundred and thirty-seven years. After he
7
The whole span of Abraham's life was had breathed his last and died, he was
one hundred and seventy-five years. taken to his kinsmen.

8 18
Then he breathed his last, dying at a The Ishmaelites ranged from Havilah-
ripe old age, grown old after a full life; by-Shur, which is on the border of Egypt,
and he was taken to his kinsmen. all the way to Asshur; and each of them
pitched camp in opposition to his
9
His sons Isaac and Ishmael buried him various kinsmen.
in the cave of Machpelah, in the field of
19
Ephron, son of Zohar the Hittite, which This is the family history of Isaac, son
faces Mamre, of Abraham; Abraham had begotten
Isaac.
10
the field that Abraham had bought
20
from the Hittites; there he was buried Isaac was forty years old when he
next to his wife Sarah. married Rebekah, the daughter of
Bethuel the Aramean of Paddan-aram
11
After the death of Abraham, God and the sister of Laban the Aramean.
blessed his son Isaac, who made his
21
home near Beer-lahai-roi. Isaac entreated the LORD on behalf of
his wife, since she was sterile. The
12
These are the descendants of LORD heard his entreaty, and Rebekah
Abraham's son Ishmael, whom Hagar became pregnant.
22 32
But the children in her womb jostled "Look," said Esau, "I'm on the point of
each other so much that she exclaimed, dying. What good will any birthright do
"If this is to be so, what good will it do me?"
me!" She went to consult the LORD,
33
But Jacob insisted, "Swear to me first!"
23
and he answered her: "Two nations So he sold Jacob his birthright under
are in your womb, two peoples are oath.
quarreling while still within you; But one
shall surpass the other, and the older 34
Jacob then gave him some bread and
shall serve the younger." the lentil stew; and Esau ate, drank, got
up, and went his way. Esau cared little
24
When the time of her delivery came, for his birthright.
there were twins in her womb.

25
The first to emerge was reddish, and
his whole body was like a hairy mantle;
26There was a famine in the land
(distinct from the earlier one that had
so they named him Esau. occurred in the days of Abraham), and
26
Isaac went down to Abimelech, king of
His brother came out next, gripping the Philistines in Gerar.
Esau's heel; so they named him Jacob.
Isaac was sixty years old when they 2
The LORD appeared to him and said:
were born. "Do not go down to Egypt, but continue
27
to camp wherever in this land I tell you.
As the boys grew up, Esau became a
skillful hunter, a man who lived in the 3
Stay in this land, and I will be with you
open; whereas Jacob was a simple man, and bless you; for to you and your
who kept to his tents. descendants I will give all these lands,
28
in fulfillment of the oath that I swore to
Isaac preferred Esau, because he was your father Abraham.
fond of game; but Rebekah preferred
Jacob. 4
I will make your descendants as
29
numerous as the stars in the sky and
Once, when Jacob was cooking a stew, give them all these lands, and in your
Esau came in from the open, famished. descendants all the nations of the earth
shall find blessing--
30
He said to Jacob, "Let me gulp down
some of that red stuff; I'm starving." 5
this because Abraham obeyed me,
(That is why he was called Edom.) keeping my mandate (my
commandments, my ordinances, and
31
But Jacob replied, "First give me your my instructions)."
birthright in exchange for it."
6
So Isaac settled in Gerar.
7
When the men of the place asked father's servants had dug back in the
questions about his wife, he answered, days of his father Abraham.)
"She is my sister." He was afraid, if he
called her his wife, the men of the place 16
So Abimelech said to Isaac, "Go away
would kill him on account of Rebekah, from us; you have become far too
since she was very beautiful. numerous for us."
8
But when he had been there for a long 17
Isaac left there and made the Wadi
time, Abimelech, king of the Philistines, Gerar his regular campsite.
happened to look out of a window and
was surprised to see Isaac fondling his 18
(Isaac reopened the wells which his
wife Rebekah. father's servants had dug back in the
9
days of his father Abraham and which
He called for Isaac and said: "She must the Philistines had stopped up after
certainly be your wife! How could you Abraham's death; he gave them the
have said, 'She is my sister'?" Isaac same names that his father had given
replied, "I thought I might lose my life on them.)
her account."
19
10
But when Isaac's servants dug in the
"How could you do this to us!" wadi and reached spring water in their
exclaimed Abimelech. "It would have well,
taken very little for one of the men to lie
with your wife, and you would have thus 20
the shepherds of Gerar quarreled with
brought guilt upon us!" Isaac's servants, saying, "The water
11
belongs to us!" So the well was called
Abimelech therefore gave this warning Esek, because they had challenged him
to all his men: "Anyone who molests this there.
man or his wife shall forthwith be put to
death." 21
Then they dug another well, and they
12
quarreled over that one too; so it was
Isaac sowed a crop in that region and called Sitnah.
reaped a hundredfold the same year.
Since the LORD blessed him, 22
When he had moved on from there, he
13
dug still another well; but over this one
he became richer and richer all the they did not quarrel. It was called
time, until he was very wealthy indeed. Rehoboth, because he said, "The LORD
has now given us ample room, and we
14
He acquired such flocks and herds, shall flourish in the land."
and so many work animals, that the
Philistines became envious of him. 23
From there Isaac went up to Beer-
sheba.
15
(The Philistines had stopped up and
filled with dirt all the wells that his
24 32
The same night the LORD appeared to That same day Isaac's servants came
him and said: "I am the God of your and brought him news about the well
father Abraham. You have no need to they had been digging; they told him,
fear, since I am with you. I will bless you "We have reached water!"
and multiply your descendants for the
sake of my servant Abraham." 33
He called it Shibah; hence the name of
the city, Beer-sheba, to this day.
25
So he built an altar there and invoked
the LORD by name. After he had 34
When Esau was forty years old, he
pitched his tent there, his servants married Judith, daughter of Beeri the
began to dig a well nearby. Hittite, and Basemath, daughter of Elon
the Hivite.
26
Abimelech had meanwhile come to
him from Gerar, accompanied by 35
But they became a source of
Ahuzzath, his councilor, and Phicol, the embitterment to Isaac and Rebekah.
general of his army.

27
Isaac asked them, "Why have you
come to me, seeing that you hate me
27When Isaac was so old that his
and have driven me away from you?" eyesight had failed him, he called his
older son Esau and said to him, "Son!"
28 "Yes, father!" he replied.
They answered: "We are convinced
that the LORD is with you, so we 2
propose that there be a sworn Isaac then said, "As you can see, I am
agreement between our two sides-- so old that I may now die at any time.
between you and us. Let us make a pact 3
with you: Take your gear, therefore--your quiver
and bow--and go out into the country to
29
you shall not act unkindly toward us, hunt some game for me.
just as we have not molested you, but 4
have always acted kindly toward you With your catch prepare an appetizing
and have let you depart in peace. dish for me, such as I like, and bring it to
Henceforth, 'The LORD'S blessing be me to eat, so that I may give you my
upon you!'" special blessing before I die."

5
30
Isaac then made a feast for them, and Rebekah had been listening while Isaac
they ate and drank. was speaking to his son Esau. So when
Esau went out into the country to hunt
31
Early the next morning they some game for his father,
exchanged oaths. Then Isaac bade 6
them farewell, and they departed from Rebekah said to her son Jacob,
him in peace. "Listen! I overheard your father tell your
brother Esau,
7 17
'Bring me some game and with it Then she handed her son Jacob the
prepare an appetizing dish for me to eat, appetizing dish and the bread she had
that I may give you my blessing with the prepared.
LORD'S approval before I die.'
18
Bringing them to his father, Jacob said,
8
Now, son, listen carefully to what I tell "Father!" "Yes?" replied Isaac. "Which of
you. my sons are you?"

9 19
Go to the flock and get me two choice Jacob answered his father: "I am Esau,
kids. With these I will prepare an your first-born. I did as you told me.
appetizing dish for your father, such as Please sit up and eat some of my game,
he likes. so that you may give me your special
blessing."
10
Then bring it to your father to eat, that
20
he may bless you before he dies." But Isaac asked, "How did you
succeed so quickly, son?" He answered,
11
"But my brother Esau is a hairy man," "The LORD, your God, let things turn
said Jacob to his mother Rebekah, "and out well with me."
I am smooth-skinned!
21
Isaac then said to Jacob, "Come
12
Suppose my father feels me? He will closer, son, that I may feel you, to learn
think I am making sport of him, and I whether you really are my son Esau or
shall bring on myself a curse instead of not."
a blessing."
22
So Jacob moved up closer to his
13
His mother, however, replied: "Let any father. When Isaac felt him, he said,
curse against you, son, fall on me! Just "Although the voice is Jacob's, the
do as I say. Go and get me the kids." hands are Esau's."

23
14
So Jacob went and got them and (He failed to identify him because his
brought them to his mother; and with hands were hairy, like those of his
them she prepared an appetizing dish, brother Esau; so in the end he gave him
such as his father liked. his blessing.)

24
15
Rebekah then took the best clothes of Again he asked him, "Are you really
her older son Esau that she had in the my son Esau?" "Certainly," he replied.
house, and gave them to her younger
25
son Jacob to wear; Then Isaac said, "Serve me your game,
son, that I may eat of it and then give
16
and with the skins of the kids she you my blessing." Jacob served it to him,
covered up his hands and the hairless and Isaac ate; he brought him wine, and
parts of his neck. he drank.
26 34
Finally his father Isaac said to him, On hearing his father's words, Esau
"Come closer, son, and kiss me." burst into loud, bitter sobbing. "Father,
bless me too!" he begged.
27
As Jacob went up and kissed him,
35
Isaac smelled the fragrance of his When Isaac explained, "Your brother
clothes. With that, he blessed him, came here by a ruse and carried off
saying, "Ah, the fragrance of my son is your blessing,"
like the fragrance of a field that the
LORD has blessed! 36
Esau exclaimed, "He has been well
named Jacob! He has now supplanted
28
"May God give to you of the dew of the me twice! First he took away my
heavens And of the fertility of the earth birthright, and now he has taken away
abundance of grain and wine. my blessing." Then he pleaded, "Haven't
you saved a blessing for me?"
29
"Let peoples serve you, and nations
37
pay you homage; Be master of your Isaac replied: "I have already
brothers, and may your mother's sons appointed him your master, and I have
bow down to you. Cursed be those who assigned to him all his kinsmen as his
curse you, and blessed be those who slaves; besides, I have enriched him
bless you." with grain and wine. What then can I do
for you, son?"
30
Jacob had scarcely left his father, just
38
after Isaac had finished blessing him, But Esau urged his father, "Have you
when his brother Esau came back from only that one blessing, father? Bless me
his hunt. too!" Isaac, however, made no reply;
and Esau wept aloud.
31
Then he too prepared an appetizing
39
dish with his game, and bringing it to his Finally Isaac spoke again and said to
father, he said, "Please, father, eat him: "Ah, far from the fertile earth shall
some of your son's game, that you may be your dwelling; far from the dew of the
then give me your special blessing." heavens above!

32 40
"Who are you?" his father Isaac asked "By your sword you shall live, and your
him. "I am Esau," he replied, "your first- brother you shall serve; But when you
born son." become restive, you shall throw off his
yoke from your neck."
33
With that, Isaac was seized with a fit of
41
uncontrollable trembling. "Who was it, Esau bore Jacob a grudge because of
then," he asked, "that hunted game and the blessing his father had given him.
brought it to me? I finished eating it just He said to himself, "When the time of
before you came, and I blessed him. mourning for my father comes, I will kill
Now he must remain blessed!" my brother Jacob."
42
When Rebekah got news of what her Abraham, so that you may gain
older son Esau had in mind, she called possession of the land where you are
her younger son Jacob and said to him: staying, which he assigned to
"Listen! Your brother Esau intends to Abraham."
settle accounts with you by killing you.
5
Then Isaac sent Jacob on his way; he
43
Therefore, son, do what I tell you: flee went to Paddan-aram, to Laban, son of
at once to my brother Laban in Haran, Bethuel the Aramean, and brother of
Rebekah, the mother of Jacob and Esau.
44
and stay with him a while until your
6
brother's fury subsides Esau noted that Isaac had blessed
Jacob when he sent him to Paddan-
45
(until your brother's anger against you aram to get himself a wife there,
subsides) and he forgets what you did to charging him, as he gave him his
him. Then I will send for you and bring blessing, not to marry a Canaanite
you back. Must I lose both of you in a woman,
single day?"
7
and that Jacob had obeyed his father
46
Rebekah said to Isaac: "I am and mother and gone to Paddan-aram.
disgusted with life because of the Hittite
8
women. If Jacob also should marry a Esau realized how displeasing the
Hittite woman, a native of the land, like Canaanite women were to his father
these women, what good would life be Isaac,
to me?"
9
so he went to Ishmael, and in addition
to the wives he had, married Mahalath,
28 Isaac therefore called Jacob, the daughter of Abraham's son Ishmael
and sister of Nebaioth.
greeted him with a blessing, and
charged him: "You shall not marry a 10
Canaanite woman! Jacob departed from Beer-sheba and
proceeded toward Haran.
2
Go now to Paddan-aram, to the home 11
of your mother's father Bethuel, and When he came upon a certain shrine,
there choose a wife for yourself from as the sun had already set, he stopped
among the daughters of your uncle there for the night. Taking one of the
Laban. stones at the shrine, he put it under his
head and lay down to sleep at that spot.
3
May God Almighty bless you and make 12
you fertile, multiply you that you may Then he had a dream: a stairway
become an assembly of peoples. rested on the ground, with its top
reaching to the heavens; and God's
4
May he extend to you and your messengers were going up and down
descendants the blessing he gave to on it.
13 21
And there was the LORD standing and I come back safe to my father's
beside him and saying: "I, the LORD, house, the LORD shall be my God.
am the God of your forefather Abraham
and the God of Isaac; the land on which 22
This stone that I have set up as a
you are lying I will give to you and your memorial stone shall be God's abode.
descendants. Of everything you give me, I will
faithfully return a tenth part to you."
14
These shall be as plentiful as the dust
of the earth, and through them you shall
spread out east and west, north and
south. In you and your descendants all
29After Jacob resumed his journey,
the nations of the earth shall find he came to the land of the Easterners.
blessing. 2
Looking about, he saw a well in the
15
Know that I am with you; I will protect open country, with three droves of
you wherever you go, and bring you sheep huddled near it, for droves were
back to this land. I will never leave you watered from that well. A large stone
until I have done what I promised you." covered the mouth of the well.

3
16
When Jacob awoke from his sleep, he Only when all the shepherds were
exclaimed, "Truly, the LORD is in this assembled there could they roll the
spot, although I did not know it!" stone away from the mouth of the well
and water the flocks. Then they would
17 put the stone back again over the mouth
In solemn wonder he cried out: "How of the well.
awesome is this shrine! This is nothing
else but an abode of God, and that is 4
the gateway to heaven!" Jacob said to them, "Friends, where
are you from?" "We are from Haran,"
18 they replied.
Early the next morning Jacob took the
stone that he had put under his head, 5
set it up as a memorial stone, and Then he asked them, "Do you know
poured oil on top of it. Laban, son of Nahor?" "We do," they
answered.
19
He called that site Bethel, whereas the 6
former name of the town had been Luz. He inquired further, "Is he well?" "He
is," they answered; "and here comes his
20 daughter Rachel with his flock."
Jacob then made this vow: "If God
remains with me, to protect me on this 7
journey I am making and to give me Then he said: "There is still much
enough bread to eat and clothing to daylight left; it is hardly the time to bring
wear, the animals home. Why don't you water
the flocks now, and then continue
pasturing them?"
8 17
"We cannot," they replied, "until all the Leah had lovely eyes, but Rachel was
shepherds are here to roll the stone well formed and beautiful.
away from the mouth of the well; only
then can we water the flocks." 18
Since Jacob had fallen in love with
Rachel, he answered Laban, "I will
9
While he was still talking with them, serve you seven years for your younger
Rachel arrived with her father's sheep; daughter Rachel."
she was the one who tended them.
19
Laban replied, "I prefer to give her to
10
As soon as Jacob saw Rachel, the you rather than to an outsider. Stay with
daughter of his uncle Laban, with the me."
sheep of his uncle Laban, he went up,
rolled the stone away from the mouth of 20
So Jacob served seven years for
the well, and watered his uncle's sheep. Rachel, yet they seemed to him but a
few days because of his love for her.
11
Then Jacob kissed Rachel and burst
into tears. 21
Then Jacob said to Laban, "Give me
my wife, that I may consummate my
12
He told her that he was her father's marriage with her, for my term is now
relative, Rebekah's son, and she ran to completed."
tell her father.
22
So Laban invited all the local
13
When Laban heard the news about his inhabitants and gave a feast.
sister's son Jacob, he hurried out to
meet him. After embracing and kissing 23
At nightfall he took his daughter Leah
him, he brought him to his house. Jacob and brought her to Jacob, and Jacob
then recounted to Laban all that had consummated the marriage with her.
happened,
24
14
(Laban assigned his slave girl Zilpah
and Laban said to him, "You are to his daughter Leah as her
indeed my flesh and blood." After Jacob maidservant.)
had stayed with him a full month,
25
15
In the morning Jacob was amazed: it
Laban said to him: "Should you serve was Leah! So he cried out to Laban:
me for nothing just because you are a "How could you do this to me! Was it not
relative of mine? Tell me what your for Rachel that I served you? Why did
wages should be." you dupe me?"
16
Now Laban had two daughters; the 26
"It is not the custom in our country,"
older was called Leah, the younger Laban replied, "to marry off a younger
Rachel. daughter before an older one.
27
Finish the bridal week for this one, and she named him Judah. Then she
then I will give you the other too, in stopped bearing children.
return for another seven years of service
with me."

28
Jacob agreed. He finished the bridal
30When Rachel saw that she failed
to bear children to Jacob, she became
week for Leah, and then Laban gave envious of her sister. She said to Jacob,
him his daughter Rachel in marriage. "Give me children or I shall die!"
29
(Laban assigned his slave girl Bilhah 2
In anger Jacob retorted, "Can I take the
to his daughter Rachel as her place of God, who has denied you the
maidservant.) fruit of the womb?"
30
Jacob then consummated his marriage 3
She replied, "Here is my maidservant
with Rachel also, and he loved her more Bilhah. Have intercourse with her, and
than Leah. Thus he remained in Laban's let her give birth on my knees, so that I
service another seven years. too may have offspring, at least through
31
her."
When the LORD saw that Leah was
unloved, he made her fruitful, while 4
So she gave him her maidservant
Rachel remained barren. Bilhah as a consort, and Jacob had
32
intercourse with her.
Leah conceived and bore a son, and
she named him Reuben; for she said, "It 5
When Bilhah conceived and bore a son,
means, 'The LORD saw my misery; now
my husband will love me.'" 6
Rachel said, "God has vindicated me;
33 indeed he has heeded my plea and
She conceived again and bore a son, given me a son." Therefore she named
and said, "It means, 'The LORD heard him Dan.
that I was unloved,' and therefore he
has given me this one also"; so she 7
named him Simeon. Rachel's maidservant Bilhah conceived
again and bore a second son,
34
Again she conceived and bore a son, 8
and she said, "Now at last my husband and Rachel said, "I engaged in a fateful
will become attached to me, since I struggle with my sister, and I prevailed."
have now borne him three sons"; that is So she named him Naphtali.
why she named him Levi. 9
When Leah saw that she had ceased to
35
Once more she conceived and bore a bear children, she gave her maidservant
son, and she said, "This time I will give Zilpah to Jacob as a consort.
grateful praise to the LORD"; therefore
10 19
So Jacob had intercourse with Zilpah, Leah conceived again and bore a sixth
and she conceived and bore a son. son to Jacob;

11 20
Leah then said, "What good luck!" So and she said, "God has brought me a
she named him Gad. precious gift. This time my husband will
offer me presents, now that I have borne
12
Then Leah's maidservant Zilpah bore him six sons"; so she named him
a second son to Jacob; Zebulun.

21
13
and Leah said, "What good fortune!"-- Finally, she gave birth to a daughter,
meaning, "Women call me fortunate." So and she named her Dinah.
she named him Asher.
22
Then God remembered Rachel; he
14
One day, during the wheat harvest, heard her prayer and made her fruitful.
when Reuben was out in the field, he
23
came upon some mandrakes which he She conceived and bore a son, and
brought home to his mother Leah. she said, "God has removed my
Rachel asked Leah, "Please let me have disgrace."
some of your son's mandrakes."
24
So she named him Joseph, meaning,
15
Leah replied, "Was it not enough for "May the LORD add another son to this
you to take away my husband, that you one for me!"
must now take my son's mandrakes
too?" "Very well, then!" Rachel 25
After Rachel gave birth to Joseph,
answered. "In exchange for your son's Jacob said to Laban: "Give me leave to
mandrakes, Jacob may lie with you go to my homeland.
tonight."
26
16
Let me have my wives, for whom I
That evening, when Jacob came home served you, and my children, too, that I
from the fields, Leah went out to meet may depart. You know very well the
him. "You are now to come in with me," service that I have rendered you."
she told him, "because I have paid for
you with my son's mandrakes." So that 27
Laban answered him: "If you will
night he slept with her, please. . . . "I have learned through
17
divination that it is because of you that
and God heard her prayer; she God has blessed me.
conceived and bore a fifth son to Jacob.
28
18
So," he continued, "state what wages
Leah then said, "God has given me my you want from me, and I will pay them."
reward for having let my husband have
my maidservant"; so she named him 29
Jacob replied: "You know what work I
Issachar. did for you and how well your livestock
fared under my care;
30
the little you had before I came has trees, and he made white stripes in
grown into very much, since the LORD'S them by peeling off the bark down to the
blessings came upon you in my white core of the shoots.
company. Therefore I should now do
something for my own household as 38
The rods that he had thus peeled he
well." then set upright in the watering troughs,
so that they would be in front of the
31
"What should I pay you?" Laban asked. animals that drank from the troughs.
Jacob answered: "You do not have to When the animals were in heat as they
pay me anything outright. I will again came to drink,
pasture and tend your flock, if you do
this one thing for me: 39
the goats mated by the rods, and so
they brought forth streaked, speckled
32
go through your whole flock today and and spotted kids.
remove from it every dark animal among
the sheep and every spotted or 40
The sheep, on the other hand, Jacob
speckled one among the goats. Only kept apart, and he set these animals to
such animals shall be my wages. face the streaked or fully dark-colored
animals of Laban. Thus he produced
33
In the future, whenever you check on special flocks of his own, which he did
these wages of mine, let my honesty not put with Laban's flock.
testify against me: any animal in my
possession that is not a speckled or 41
Moreover, whenever the hardier
spotted goat, or a dark sheep, got there animals were in heat, Jacob would set
by theft!" the rods in the troughs in full view of
these animals, so that they mated by the
34
"Very well," agreed Laban. "Let it be rods;
as you say."
42
but with the weaker animals he would
35
That same day Laban removed the not put the rods there. So the feeble
streaked and spotted he-goats and all animals would go to Laban, but the
the speckled and spotted she-goats, all sturdy ones to Jacob.
those with some white on them, as well
as the fully dark-colored sheep; these 43
Thus the man grew increasingly
he left. . . in charge of his sons. prosperous, and he came to own not
only large flocks but also male and
36
Then he put a three days' journey female servants and camels and asses.
between himself and Jacob, while Jacob
continued to pasture the rest of Laban's
flock. 31Jacob learned that Laban's sons
37 were saying, "Jacob has taken
Jacob, however, got some fresh everything that belonged to our father,
shoots of poplar, almond and plane
11
and he has accumulated all this wealth In the dream God's messenger called
of his by using our father's property." to me, 'Jacob!' 'Here!' I replied.

2 12
Jacob perceived, too, that Laban's Then he said: 'Note well. All the he-
attitude toward him was not what it had goats in the flock, as they mate, are
previously been. streaked, speckled and mottled, for I
have seen all the things that Laban has
3
Then the LORD said to Jacob, "Return been doing to you.
to the land of your fathers, where you
13
were born, and I will be with you." I am the God who appeared to you in
Bethel, where you anointed a memorial
4
So Jacob sent for Rachel and Leah to stone and made a vow to me. Up, then!
meet him where he was in the field with Leave this land and return to the land of
his flock. your birth.'"

14
5
There he said to them: "I have noticed Rachel and Leah answered him:
that your father's attitude toward me is "Have we still an heir's portion in our
not as it was in the past; but the God of father's house?
my father has been with me.
15
Are we not regarded by him as
6
You well know what effort I put into outsiders? He not only sold us; he has
serving your father; even used up the money that he got for
us!
7
yet your father cheated me and 16
changed my wages time after time. God, All the wealth that God reclaimed from
however, did not let him do me any our father really belongs to us and our
harm. children. Therefore, do just as God has
told you."
8
Whenever your father said, 'The 17
speckled animals shall be your wages,' Jacob proceeded to put his children
the entire flock would bear speckled and wives on camels,
young; whenever he said, 'The streaked
18
animals shall be your wages,' the entire and he drove off with all his livestock
flock would bear streaked young. and all the property he had acquired in
Paddan-aram, to go to his father Isaac
9
Thus God reclaimed your father's in the land of Canaan.
livestock and gave it to me.
19
Now Laban had gone away to shear
10
Once, in the breeding season, I had a his sheep, and Rachel had meanwhile
dream in which I saw mating he-goats appropriated her father's household
that were streaked, speckled and idols.
mottled.
20 29
Jacob had hoodwinked Laban the I have it in my power to harm all of
Aramean by not telling him of his you; but last night the God of your father
intended flight. said to me, 'Take care not to threaten
Jacob with any harm!'
21
Thus he made his escape with all that
30
he had. Once he was across the Granted that you had to leave because
Euphrates, he headed for the highlands you were desperately homesick for your
of Gilead. father's house, why did you steal my
gods?"
22
On the third day, word came to Laban
31
that Jacob had fled. "I was frightened," Jacob replied to
Laban, "at the thought that you might
23
Taking his kinsmen with him, he take your daughters away from me by
pursued him for seven days until he force.
caught up with him in the hill country of
32
Gilead. But as for your gods, the one you find
them with shall not remain alive! If, with
24
But that night God appeared to Laban my kinsmen looking on, you identify
the Aramean in a dream and warned anything here as belonging to you, take
him, "Take care not to threaten Jacob it." Jacob, of course, had no idea that
with any harm!" Rachel had stolen the idols.

33
25
When Laban overtook Jacob, Jacob's Laban then went in and searched
tents were pitched in the highlands; Jacob's tent and Leah's tent, as well as
Laban also pitched his tents there, on the tents of the two maidservants; but
Mount Gilead. he did not find the idols. Leaving Leah's
tent, he went into Rachel's.
26
"What do you mean," Laban 34
demanded of Jacob, "by hoodwinking Now Rachel had taken the idols, put
me and carrying off my daughters like them inside a camel cushion, and
war captives? seated herself upon them. When Laban
had rummaged through the rest of her
27 tent without finding them,
Why did you dupe me by stealing
away secretly? You should have told me, 35
and I would have sent you off with merry Rachel said to her father, "Let not my
singing to the sound of tambourines and lord feel offended that I cannot rise in
harps. your presence; a woman's period is
upon me." So, despite his search, he did
28
You did not even allow me a parting not find his idols.
kiss to my daughters and grandchildren! 36
What you have now done is a senseless Jacob, now enraged, upbraided Laban.
thing. "What crime or offense have I
committed," he demanded, "that you something for them and for the children
should hound me so fiercely? they have borne.

37 44
Now that you have ransacked all my Come, then, we will make a pact, you
things, have you found a single object and I; the LORD shall be a witness
taken from your belongings? If so, between us."
produce it here before your kinsmen and
mine, and let them decide between us 45
Then Jacob took a stone and set it up
two. as a memorial stone.
38
"In the twenty years that I was under 46
Jacob said to his kinsmen, "Gather
you, no ewe or she-goat of yours ever some stones." So they got some stones
miscarried, and I have never feasted on and made a mound; and they had a
a ram of your flock. meal there at the mound.
39
I never brought you an animal torn by 47
Laban called it Jegar-sahadutha, but
wild beasts; I made good the loss myself. Jacob named it Galeed.
You held me responsible for anything
stolen by day or night. 48
"This mound," said Laban, "shall be a
40
witness from now on between you and
How often the scorching heat ravaged me." That is why it was named Galeed--
me by day, and the frost by night, while
sleep fled from my eyes! 49
and also Mizpah, for he said: "May the
41
LORD keep watch between you and me
Of the twenty years that I have now when we are out of each other's sight.
spent in your household, I slaved
fourteen years for your two daughters 50
If you mistreat my daughters, or take
and six years for your flock, while you other wives besides my daughters,
changed my wages time after time. remember that even though no one else
42
is about, God will be witness between
If my ancestral God, the God of you and me."
Abraham and the Awesome One of
Isaac, had not been on my side, you 51
Laban said further to Jacob: "Here is
would now have sent me away empty- this mound, and here is the memorial
handed. But God saw my plight and the
stone that I have set up between you
fruits of my toil, and last night he gave and me.
judgment."
52
43 This mound shall be witness, and this
Laban replied to Jacob: "The women
memorial stone shall be witness, that,
are mine, their children are mine, and
with hostile intent, neither may I pass
the flocks are mine; everything you see beyond this mound into your territory,
belongs to me. But since these women
nor may you pass beyond it into mine.
are my daughters, I will now do
53
May the God of Abraham and the god you, accompanied by four hundred
of Nahor (their ancestral deities) men."
maintain justice between us!" Jacob
took the oath by the Awesome One of 8
Jacob was very much frightened. In his
Isaac. anxiety, he divided the people who were
with him, as well as his flocks, herds
54
He then offered a sacrifice on the and camels, into two camps.
mountain and invited his kinsmen to
share in the meal. When they had eaten, 9
"If Esau should attack and overwhelm
they passed the night on the mountain. one camp," he reasoned, "the remaining
camp may still survive."

32Early the next morning, Laban 10


Then he prayed: "O God of my father
kissed his grandchildren and his Abraham and God of my father Isaac!
daughters goodbye; then he set out on You told me, O LORD, 'Go back to the
his journey back home, land of your birth, and I will be good to
you.'
2
while Jacob continued on his own way. 11
Then God's messengers encountered I am unworthy of all the acts of
Jacob. kindness that you have loyally
performed for your servant: although I
3
When he saw them he said, "This is crossed the Jordan here with nothing
God's encampment." So he named that but my staff, I have now grown into two
place Mahanaim. companies.

12
4
Jacob sent messengers ahead to his Save me, I pray, from the hand of my
brother Esau in the land of Seir, the brother Esau! Otherwise I fear that when
country of Edom, he comes he will strike me down and
slay the mothers and children.
5
with this message: "Thus shall you say 13
to my lord Esau: 'Your servant Jacob You yourself said, 'I will be very good
speaks as follows: I have been staying to you, and I will make your
with Laban and have been detained descendants like the sands of the sea,
there until now. which are too numerous to count.'"

14
6
I own cattle, asses and sheep, as well After passing the night there, Jacob
as male and female servants. I am selected from what he had with him the
sending my lord this information in the following presents for his brother Esau:
hope of gaining your favor.'" 15
two hundred she-goats and twenty he-
7
When the messengers returned to goats; two hundred ewes and twenty
Jacob, they said, "We reached your rams;
brother Esau. He is now coming to meet
16 24
thirty milch camels and their young; After he had taken them across the
forty cows and ten bulls; twenty she- stream and had brought over all his
asses and ten he-asses. possessions,

17 25
He put these animals in charge of his Jacob was left there alone. Then some
servants, in separate droves, and he man wrestled with him until the break of
told the servants, "Go on ahead of me, dawn.
but keep a space between one drove
and the next." 26
When the man saw that he could not
prevail over him, he struck Jacob's hip
18
To the servant in the lead he gave this at its socket, so that the hip socket was
instruction: "When my brother Esau wrenched as they wrestled.
meets you, he may ask you, 'Whose
man are you? Where are you going? To 27
The man then said, "Let me go, for it is
whom do these animals ahead of you daybreak." But Jacob said, "I will not let
belong?' you go until you bless me."
19
Then you shall answer, 'They belong 28
"What is your name?" the man asked.
to your brother Jacob, but they have He answered, "Jacob."
been sent as a gift to my lord Esau; and
Jacob himself is right behind us.'" 29
Then the man said, "You shall no
20
longer be spoken of as Jacob, but as
He gave similar instructions to the Israel, because you have contended
second servant and the third and to all with divine and human beings and have
the others who followed behind the prevailed."
droves, namely: "Thus and thus shall
you say to Esau, when you reach him; 30
Jacob then asked him, "Do tell me
21
your name, please." He answered, "Why
and be sure to add, 'Your servant should you want to know my name?"
Jacob is right behind us.'" For Jacob With that, he bade him farewell.
reasoned, "If I first appease him with
gifts that precede me, then later, when I 31
Jacob named the place Peniel,
face him, perhaps he will forgive me."
"Because I have seen God face to face,"
22
he said, "yet my life has been spared."
So the gifts went on ahead of him,
while he stayed that night in the camp. 32
At sunrise, as he left Penuel, Jacob
23
limped along because of his hip.
In the course of that night, however,
Jacob arose, took his two wives, with 33
That is why, to this day, the Israelites
the two maidservants and his eleven
do not eat the sciatic muscle that is on
children, and crossed the ford of the the hip socket, inasmuch as Jacob's hip
Jabbok.
socket was struck at the sciatic muscle.
presence is for me like coming into the
33Jacob looked up and saw Esau presence of God, now that you have
received me so kindly.
coming, accompanied by four hundred
men. So he divided his children among 11
Leah, Rachel and the two maidservants, Do accept the present I have brought
you; God has been generous toward me,
2
putting the maids and their children first, and I have an abundance." Since he so
Leah and her children next, and Rachel urged him, Esau accepted.
and Joseph last. 12
Then Esau said, "Let us break camp
3
He himself went on ahead of them, and be on our way; I will travel
bowing to the ground seven times, until alongside you."
he reached his brother. 13
But Jacob replied: "As my lord can see,
4
Esau ran to meet him, embraced him, the children are frail. Besides, I am
and flinging himself on his neck, kissed encumbered with the flocks and herds,
him as he wept. which now have sucklings; if overdriven
for a single day, the whole flock will die.
5
When Esau looked about, he saw the 14
women and children. "Who are these Let my lord, then, go on ahead of me,
with you?" he asked. Jacob answered, while I proceed more slowly at the pace
"They are the children whom God has of the livestock before me and at the
graciously bestowed on your servant." pace of my children, until I join my lord
in Seir."
6
Then the maidservants and their 15
children came forward and bowed low; Esau replied, "Let me at least put at
your disposal some of the men who are
7 with me." But Jacob said, "For what
next, Leah and her children came reason? Please indulge me in this, my
forward and bowed low; lastly, Rachel lord."
and her children came forward and
bowed low. 16
So on the same day that Esau began
8 his journey back to Seir,
Then Esau asked, "What did you intend
with all those droves that I 17
encountered?" Jacob answered, "It was Jacob journeyed to Succoth. There he
to gain my lord's favor." built a home for himself and made
booths for his livestock. That is why the
9 place was called Succoth.
"I have plenty," replied Esau; "you
should keep what is yours, brother." 18
Having thus come from Paddan-aram,
10 Jacob arrived safely at the city of
"No, I beg you!" said Jacob. "If you will Shechem, which is in the land of
do me the favor, please accept this gift
from me, since to come into your
Canaan, and he encamped in sight of Shechem had done was an outrage in
the city. Israel; such a thing could not be
tolerated.
19
The plot of ground on which he had
8
pitched his tent he bought for a hundred Hamor appealed to them, saying: "My
pieces of bullion from the descendants son Shechem has his heart set on your
of Hamor, the founder of Shechem. daughter. Please give her to him in
marriage.
20
He set up a memorial stone there and
9
invoked "El, the God of Israel." Intermarry with us; give your daughters
to us, and take our daughters for
yourselves.
34Dinah, the daughter whom Leah 10
Thus you can live among us. The land
had borne to Jacob, went out to visit
some of the women of the land. is open before you; you can settle and
move about freely in it, and acquire
2 landed property here."
When Shechem, son of Hamor the
Hivite, who was chief of the region, saw 11
her, he seized her and lay with her by Then Shechem, too, appealed to
force. Dinah's father and brothers: "Do me this
favor, and I will pay whatever you
3 demand of me.
Since he was strongly attracted to
Dinah, daughter of Jacob, indeed was 12
really in love with the girl, he No matter how high you set the bridal
endeavored to win her affection. price, I will pay you whatever you ask;
only give me the maiden in marriage."
4
Shechem also asked his father Hamor, 13
"Get me this girl for a wife." Jacob's sons replied to Shechem and
his father Hamor with guile, speaking as
5 they did because their sister Dinah had
Meanwhile, Jacob heard that Shechem been defiled.
had defiled his daughter Dinah; but
since his sons were out in the fields with 14
his livestock, he held his peace until "We could not do such a thing," they
they came home. said, "as to give our sister to an
uncircumcised man; that would be a
6 disgrace for us.
Now Hamor, the father of Shechem,
went out to discuss the matter with 15
Jacob, We will agree with you only on this
condition, that you become like us by
7 having every male among you
just as Jacob's sons were coming in circumcised.
from the fields. When they heard the
news, the men were shocked and
seethed with indignation. What
16
Then we will give you our daughters every able-bodied man in the
and take yours in marriage; we will community, were circumcised.
settle among you and become one
kindred people with you. 25
On the third day, while they were still
in pain, Dinah's full brothers Simeon and
17
But if you do not comply with our terms Levi, two of Jacob's sons, took their
regarding circumcision, we will take our swords, advanced against the city
daughter and go away." without any trouble, and massacred all
the males.
18
Their proposal seemed fair to Hamor
26
and his son Shechem. After they had put Hamor and his son
Shechem to the sword, they took Dinah
19
The young man lost no time in acting from Shechem's house and left.
in the matter, since he was deeply in
27
love with Jacob's daughter. Moreover he Then the other sons of Jacob followed
was more highly respected than anyone up the slaughter and sacked the city in
else in his clan. reprisal for their sister Dinah's
defilement.
20
So Hamor and his son Shechem went
28
to their town council and thus presented They seized their flocks, herds and
the matter to their fellow townsmen: asses, whatever was in the city and in
the country around.
21
"These men are friendly toward us. Let
29
them settle in the land and move about They carried off all their wealth, their
in it freely; there is ample room in the women, and their children, and took for
country for them. We can marry their loot whatever was in the houses.
daughters and give our daughters to
them in marriage. 30
Jacob said to Simeon and Levi: "You
have brought trouble upon me by
22
But the men will agree to live with us making me loathsome to the inhabitants
and form one kindred people with us of the land, the Canaanites and the
only on this condition, that every male Perizzites. I have so few men that, if
among us be circumcised as they these people unite against me and
themselves are. attack me, I and my family will be wiped
out."
23
Would not the livestock they have
31
acquired--all their animals--then be But they retorted, "Should our sister
ours? Let us, therefore, give in to them, have been treated like a harlot?"
so that they may settle among us."

24
All the able-bodied men of the town
agreed with Hamor and his son
35God said to Jacob: "Go up now to
Bethel. Settle there and build an altar
Shechem, and all the males, including there to the God who appeared to you
while you were fleeing from your brother but Israel shall be your name." Thus he
Esau." was named Israel.

2 11
So Jacob told his family and all the God also said to him: "I am God
others who were with him: "Get rid of the Almighty; be fruitful and multiply. A
foreign gods that you have among you; nation, indeed an assembly of nations,
then purify yourselves and put on fresh shall stem from you, and kings shall
clothes. issue from your loins.

3 12
We are now to go up to Bethel, and I The land I once gave to Abraham and
will build an altar there to the God who Isaac I now give to you; And to your
answered me in my hour of distress and descendants after you will I give this
who has been with me wherever I have land."
gone."
13
Then God departed from him.
4
They therefore handed over to Jacob
all the foreign gods in their possession 14
On the site where God had spoken
and also the rings they had in their ears. with him, Jacob set up a memorial stone,
and upon it he made a libation and
5
Then, as they set out, a terror from God poured out oil.
fell upon the towns round about, so that
no one pursued the sons of Jacob. 15
Jacob named the site Bethel, because
God had spoken with him there.
6
Thus Jacob and all the people who
were with him arrived in Luz (that is, 16
Then they departed from Bethel; but
Bethel) in the land of Canaan. while they still had some distance to go
on the way to Ephrath, Rachel began to
7
There he built an altar and named the be in labor and to suffer great distress.
place Bethel, for it was there that God
had revealed himself to him when he 17
When her pangs were most severe,
was fleeing from his brother. her midwife said to her, "Have no fear!
This time, too, you have a son."
8
Death came to Rebekah's nurse
Deborah; she was buried under the oak 18
With her last breath--for she was at the
below Bethel, and so it was called point of death-she called him Ben-oni;
Allonbacuth. his father, however, named him
Benjamin.
9
On Jacob's arrival from Paddan-aram,
God appeared to him again and blessed 19
Thus Rachel died; and she was buried
him. on the road to Ephrath (that is,
Bethlehem).
10
God said to him: "You whose name is
Jacob shall no longer be called Jacob,
20 2
Jacob set up a memorial stone on her Esau took his wives from among the
grave, and the same monument marks Canaanite women: Adah, daughter of
Rachel's grave to this day. Elon the Hittite; Oholibamah,
granddaughter through Anah of Zibeon
21
Israel moved on and pitched his tent the Hivite;
beyond Migdal-eder.
3
and Basemath, daughter of Ishmael
22
While Israel was encamped in that and sister of Nebaioth.
region, Reuben went and lay with Bilhah,
4
his father's concubine. When Israel Adah bore Eliphaz to Esau; Basemath
heard of it, he was greatly offended. The bore Reuel;
sons of Jacob were now twelve.
5
and Oholibamah bore Jeush, Jalam
23
The sons of Leah: Reuben, Jacob's and Korah. These are the sons of Esau
first-born, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Issachar, who were born to him in the land of
and Zebulun; Canaan.

24 6
the sons of Rachel: Joseph and Esau took his wives, his sons, his
Benjamin; daughters, and all the members of his
household, as well as his livestock
25
the sons of Rachel's maid Bilhah: Dan comprising various animals and all the
and Naphtali; property he had acquired in the land of
Canaan, and went to the land of Seir,
26
the sons of Leah's maid Zilpah: Gad out of the way of his brother Jacob.
and Asher. These are the sons of Jacob 7
who were born to him in Paddan-aram. Their possessions had become too
great for them to dwell together, and the
27
Jacob went home to his father Isaac at land in which they were staying could
Mamre, in Kiriath-arba (that is, Hebron), not support them because of their
livestock.
where Abraham and Isaac had stayed.
8
28 So Esau settled in the highlands of Seir.
The lifetime of Isaac was one hundred
and eighty years; (Esau is Edom.)

9
29
then he breathed his last. After a full These are the descendants of Esau,
life, he died as an old man and was ancestor of the Edomites, in the
highlands of Seir.
taken to his kinsmen. His sons Esau
and Jacob buried him. 10
These are the names of Esau's sons:
Eliphaz, son of Esau's wife Adah; and
36These are the descendants of
Reuel, son of Esau's wife Basemath.

Esau (that is, Edom).


11 20
The sons of Eliphaz were Teman, The following are the descendants of
Omar, Zepho, Gatam, and Kenaz. Seir the Horite, the original settlers in
the land: Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah,
12
(Esau's son Eliphaz had a concubine
21
Timna, and she bore Amalek to Dishon, Ezer, and Dishan; they are the
Eliphaz.) These are the descendants of Horite clans descended from Seir, in the
Esau's wife Adah. land of Edom.

13 22
The sons of Reuel were Nahath, Zerah, Lotan's descendants were Hori and
Shammah, and Mizzah. These are the Hemam, and Lotan's sister was Timna.
descendants of Esau's wife Basemath.
23
Shobal's descendants were Alvan,
14
The descendants of Esau's wife Mahanath, Ebal, Shepho, and Onam.
Oholibamah--granddaughter through
Anah of Zibeon--whom she bore to Esau 24
Zibeon's descendants were Aiah and
were Jeush, Jalam, and Korah. Anah. (He is the Anah who found water
in the desert while he was pasturing the
15
The following are the clans of Esau's asses of his father Zibeon.)
descendants. The descendants of
Eliphaz, Esau's first-born: the clans of 25
The descendants of Anah were Dishon
Teman, Omar, Zepho, Kenaz, and Oholibamah, daughter of Anah.
16
Korah, Gatam, and Amalek. These are 26
The descendants of Dishon were
the clans of Eliphaz in the land of Edom; Hemdan, Eshban, Ithran, and Cheran.
they are descended from Adah.
27
17
The descendants of Ezer were Bilhan,
The descendants of Esau's son Reuel: Zaavan, and Akan.
the clans of Nahath, Zerah, Shammah,
and Mizzah. These are the clans of 28
The descendants of Dishan were Uz
Reuel in the land of Edom; they are and Aran.
descended from Esau's wife Basemath.
29
18 These are the Horite clans: the clans
The descendants of Esau's wife of Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah,
Oholibamah: the clans of Jeush, Jalam,
and Korah. These are the clans of 30
Esau's wife Oholibamah, daughter of Dishon, Ezer, and Dishan; they were
Anah. the clans of the Horites, clan by clan, in
the land of Seir.
19
Such are the descendants of Esau 31
(that is, Edom) according to their clans. The following are the kings who
reigned in the land of Edom before any
king reigned over the Israelites.
32
Bela, son of Beor, became king in settlements in their territorial holdings.
Edom; the name of his city was (Esau was the father of the Edomites.)
Dinhabah.

33
When Bela died, Jobab, son of Zerah,
from Bozrah, succeeded him as king.
37Jacob settled in the land where
his father had stayed, the land of
34
Canaan.
When Jobab died, Husham, from the
land of the Temanites, succeeded him 2
This is his family history. When Joseph
as king. He defeated the Midianites in was seventeen years old, he was
the country of Moab; the name of his tending the flocks with his brothers; he
city was Avith. was an assistant to the sons of his
35
father's wives Bilhah and Zilpah, and he
When Husham died, Hadad, son of brought his father bad reports about
Bedad, succeeded him as king. them.
36
When Hadad died, Samlah, from 3
Israel loved Joseph best of all his sons,
Masrekah, succeeded him as king. for he was the child of his old age; and
he had made him a long tunic.
37
When Samlah died, Shaul, from
Rehoboth-on-the-River, succeeded him 4
When his brothers saw that their father
as king. loved him best of all his sons, they
hated him so much that they would not
38
When Shaul died, Baal-hanan, son of even greet him.
Achbor, succeeded him as king.
5
Once Joseph had a dream, which he
39
When Baal-hanan died, Hadar told to his brothers:
succeeded him as king; the name of his
city was Pau. (His wife's name was 6
"Listen to this dream I had.
Mehetabel; she was the daughter of
Matred, son of Mezahab.) 7
There we were, binding sheaves in the
40
field, when suddenly my sheaf rose to
The following are the names of the an upright position, and your sheaves
clans of Esau individually according to formed a ring around my sheaf and
their subdivisions and localities: the bowed down to it."
clans of Timna, Alvah, Jetheth,
8
41
"Are you really going to make yourself
Oholibamah, Elah, Pinon, king over us?" his brothers asked him.
"Or impose your rule on us?" So they
42
Kenaz, Teman, Mibzar, hated him all the more because of his
talk about his dreams.
43
Magdiel, and Iram. These are the
clans of the Edomites, according to their
9
Then he had another dream, and this went after his brothers and caught up
one, too, he told to his brothers. "I had with them in Dothan.
another dream," he said; "this time, the
sun and the moon and eleven stars 18
They noticed him from a distance, and
were bowing down to me." before he came up to them, they plotted
to kill him.
10
When he also told it to his father, his
father reproved him. "What is the 19
They said to one another: "Here
meaning of this dream of yours?" he comes that master dreamer!
asked. "Can it be that I and your mother
and your brothers are to come and bow 20
Come on, let us kill him and throw him
to the ground before you?" into one of the cisterns here; we could
11
say that a wild beast devoured him. We
So his brothers were wrought up shall then see what comes of his
against him but his father pondered the dreams."
matter.
21
12
When Reuben heard this, he tried to
One day, when his brothers had gone save him from their hands, saying: "We
to pasture their father's flocks at must not take his life.
Shechem,
22
13
Instead of shedding blood," he
Israel said to Joseph, "Your brothers, continued, "just throw him into that
you know, are tending our flocks at cistern there in the desert; but don't kill
Shechem. Get ready; I will send you to him outright." His purpose was to rescue
them." "I am ready," Joseph answered. him from their hands and restore him to
his father.
14
"Go then," he replied; "see if all is well
with your brothers and the flocks, and 23
So when Joseph came up to them,
bring back word." So he sent him off they stripped him of the long tunic he
from the valley of Hebron. When Joseph had on;
reached Shechem,
24
15
then they took him and threw him into
a man met him as he was wandering the cistern, which was empty and dry.
about in the fields. "What are you
looking for?" the man asked him. 25
They then sat down to their meal.
16
Looking up, they saw a caravan of
"I am looking for my brothers," he Ishmaelites coming from Gilead, their
answered. "Could you please tell me camels laden with gum, balm and resin
where they are tending the flocks?" to be taken down to Egypt.
17
The man told him, "They have moved 26
Judah said to his brothers: "What is to
on from here; in fact, I heard them say, be gained by killing our brother and
'Let us go on to Dothan.'" So Joseph concealing his blood?
27 36
Rather, let us sell him to these The Midianites, meanwhile, sold
Ishmaelites, instead of doing away with Joseph in Egypt to Potiphar, a courtier
him ourselves. After all, he is our brother, of Pharaoh and his chief steward.
our own flesh." His brothers agreed.

28
They sold Joseph to the Ishmaelites
for twenty pieces of silver. Some
38About that time Judah parted from
his brothers and pitched his tent near a
Midianite traders passed by, and they certain Adullamite named Hirah.
pulled Joseph up out of the cistern and
took him to Egypt. 2
There he met the daughter of a
29 Canaanite named Shua, married her,
When Reuben went back to the cistern and had relations with her.
and saw that Joseph was not in it, he
tore his clothes, 3
She conceived and bore a son, whom
30 she named Er.
and returning to his brothers, he
exclaimed: "The boy is gone! And I-- 4
where can I turn?" Again she conceived and bore a son,
whom she named Onan.
31
They took Joseph's tunic, and after 5
slaughtering a goat, dipped the tunic in Then she bore still another son, whom
its blood. she named Shelah. They were in
Chezib when he was born.
32
Then they sent someone to bring the 6
long tunic to their father, with the Judah got a wife named Tamar for his
message: "We found this. See whether first-born, Er.
it is your son's tunic or not." 7
But Er, Judah's first-born, greatly
33
He recognized it and exclaimed: "My offended the LORD; so the LORD took
son's tunic! A wild beast has devoured his life.
him! Joseph has been torn to pieces!" 8
Then Judah said to Onan, "Unite with
34
Then Jacob rent his clothes, put your brother's widow, in fulfillment of
sackcloth on his loins, and mourned his your duty as brother-in-law, and thus
son many days. preserve your brother's line."

9
35
Though his sons and daughters tried Onan, however, knew that the
to console him, he refused all descendants would not be counted as
consolation, saying, "No, I will go down his; so whenever he had relations with
mourning to my son in the nether world." his brother's widow, he wasted his seed
Thus did his father lament him. on the ground, to avoid contributing
offspring for his brother.
10
What he did greatly offended the "provided you leave a pledge until you
LORD, and the LORD took his life too. send it."

11 18
Thereupon Judah said to his daughter- Judah asked, "What pledge am I to
in-law Tamar, "Stay as a widow in your give to you?" She answered, "Your seal
father's house until my son Shelah and cord, and the staff you carry." So he
grows up"--for he feared that Shelah gave them to her and had intercourse
also might die like his brothers. So with her, and she conceived by him.
Tamar went to live in her father's house.
19
When she went away, she took off her
12
Years passed, and Judah's wife, the shawl and put on her widow's garb
daughter of Shua, died. After Judah again.
completed the period of mourning, he
went up to Timnah for the shearing of 20
Judah sent the kid by his friend the
his sheep, in company with his friend Adullamite to recover the pledge from
Hirah the Adullamite. the woman; but he could not find her.
13
When Tamar was told that her father- 21
So he asked the men of the place,
in-law was on his way up to Timnah to "Where is the temple prostitute, the one
shear his sheep, by the roadside in Enaim?" But they
answered, "There has never been a
14
she took off her widow's garb, veiled temple prostitute here."
her face by covering herself with a
shawl, and sat down at the entrance to 22
He went back to Judah and told him, "I
Enaim, which is on the way to Timnah; could not find her; and besides, the men
for she was aware that, although Shelah of the place said there was no temple
was now grown up, she had not been prostitute there."
given to him in marriage.
23
15
"Let her keep the things," Judah
When Judah saw her, he mistook her replied; "otherwise we shall become a
for a harlot, since she had covered her laughingstock. After all, I did send her
face. the kid, even though you were unable to
find her."
16
So he went over to her at the roadside,
and not realizing that she was his 24
About three months later, Judah was
daughter-in-law, he said, "Come, let me told that his daughter-in-law Tamar had
have intercourse with you." She replied, played the harlot and was then with
"What will you pay me for letting you child from her harlotry. "Bring her out,"
have intercourse with me?" cried Judah; "she shall be burned."
17
He answered, "I will send you a kid 25
But as they were bringing her out, she
from the flock." "Very well," she said, sent word to her father-in-law, "It is by
the man to whom these things belong
4
that I am with child. Please verify," she he took a liking to Joseph and made
added, "whose seal and cord and whose him his personal attendant; he put him
staff these are." in charge of his household and
entrusted to him all his possessions.
26
Judah recognized them and said, "She
5
is more in the right than I am, since I did From the moment that he put him in
not give her to my son Shelah." But he charge of his household and all his
had no further relations with her. possessions, the LORD blessed the
Egyptian's house for Joseph's sake; in
27
When the time of her delivery came, fact, the LORD'S blessing was on
she was found to have twins in her everything he owned, both inside the
womb. house and out.

6
28
While she was giving birth, one infant Having left everything he owned in
put out his hand; and the midwife, taking Joseph's charge, he gave no thought,
a crimson thread, tied it on his hand, to with Joseph there, to anything but the
note that this one came out first. food he ate. Now Joseph was strikingly
handsome in countenance and body.
29
But as he withdrew his hand, his 7
brother came out; and she said, "What a After a time, his master's wife began to
breach you have made for yourself!" So look fondly at him and said, "Lie with
he was called Perez. me."

8
30
Afterward his brother came out; he But he refused. "As long as I am here,"
was called Zerah. he told her, "my master does not
concern himself with anything in the
house, but has entrusted to me all he
39When Joseph was taken down to owns.

Egypt, a certain Egyptian (Potiphar, a 9


He wields no more authority in this
courtier of Pharaoh and his chief house than I do, and he has withheld
steward) bought him from the from me nothing but yourself, since you
Ishmaelites who had brought him there. are his wife. How, then, could I commit
2
so great a wrong and thus stand
But since the LORD was with him, condemned before God?"
Joseph got on very well and was
assigned to the household of his 10
Although she tried to entice him day
Egyptian master. after day, he would not agree to lie
3
beside her, or even stay near her.
When his master saw that the LORD
was with him and brought him success 11
One such day, when Joseph came into
in whatever he did, the house to do his work, and none of
21
the household servants were then in the the LORD remained with Joseph; he
house, showed him kindness by making the
chief jailer well-disposed toward him.
12
she laid hold of him by his cloak,
22
saying, "Lie with me!" But leaving the The chief jailer put Joseph in charge of
cloak in her hand, he got away from her all the prisoners in the jail, and
and ran outside. everything that had to be done there
was done under his management.
13
When she saw that he had left his
23
cloak in her hand as he fled outside, The chief jailer did not concern himself
with anything at all that was in Joseph's
14
she screamed for her household charge, since the LORD was with him
servants and told them, "Look! my and brought success to all he did.
husband has brought in a Hebrew slave
to make sport of us! He came in here to
lie with me, but I cried out as loud as I
could.
40Some time afterward, the royal
cupbearer and baker gave offense to
15
their lord, the king of Egypt.
When he heard me scream for help,
he left his cloak beside me and ran 2
Pharaoh was angry with his two
away outside." courtiers, the chief cupbearer and the
16
chief baker,
She kept the cloak with her until his
master came home. 3
and he put them in custody in the
17
house of the chief steward (the same jail
Then she told him the same story: where Joseph was confined).
"The Hebrew slave whom you brought
here broke in on me, to make sport of 4
The chief steward assigned Joseph to
me. them, and he became their attendant.
18
After they had been in custody for some
But when I screamed for help, he left time,
his cloak beside me and fled outside."
5
19
the cupbearer and the baker of the king
As soon as the master heard his wife's of Egypt who were confined in the jail
story about how his slave had treated both had dreams on the same night,
her, he became enraged. each dream with its own meaning.
20
He seized Joseph and threw him into 6
When Joseph came to them in the
the jail where the royal prisoners were morning, he noticed that they looked
confined. But even while he was in disturbed.
prison,
7 16
So he asked Pharaoh's courtiers who When the chief baker saw that Joseph
were with him in custody in his master's had given this favorable interpretation,
house, "Why do you look so sad today?" he said to him: "I too had a dream. In it I
had three wicker baskets on my head;
8
They answered him, "We have had
17
dreams, but there is no one to interpret in the top one were all kinds of bakery
them for us." Joseph said to them, products for Pharaoh, but the birds were
"Surely, interpretations come from God. pecking at them out of the basket on my
Please tell the dreams to me." head."

9 18
Then the chief cupbearer told Joseph Joseph said to him in reply: "This is
his dream. "In my dream," he said, "I what it means. The three baskets are
saw a vine in front of me, three days;

10 19
and on the vine were three branches. within three days Pharaoh will lift up
It had barely budded when its blossoms your head and have you impaled on a
came out, and its clusters ripened into stake, and the birds will be pecking the
grapes. flesh from your body."

11 20
Pharaoh's cup was in my hand; so I And in fact, on the third day, which
took the grapes, pressed them out into was Pharaoh's birthday, when he gave a
his cup, and put it in Pharaoh's hand." banquet to all his staff, with his courtiers
around him, he lifted up the heads of the
12
Joseph said to him: "This is what it chief cupbearer and chief baker.
means. The three branches are three
21
days; He restored the chief cupbearer to his
office, so that he again handed the cup
13
within three days Pharaoh will lift up to Pharaoh;
your head and restore you to your post.
22
You will be handing Pharaoh his cup as but the chief baker he impaled-just as
you formerly used to do when you were Joseph had told them in his
his cupbearer. interpretation.

14 23
So if you will still remember, when all Yet the chief cupbearer gave no
is well with you, that I was here with you, thought to Joseph; he had forgotten him.
please do me the favor of mentioning
me to Pharaoh, to get me out of this
place. 41After a lapse of two years,
15 Pharaoh had a dream. He saw himself
The truth is that I was kidnaped from standing by the Nile,
the land of the Hebrews, and here I
have not done anything for which I
should have been put into a dungeon."
2 12
when up out of the Nile came seven There with us was a Hebrew youth, a
cows, handsome and fat; they grazed in slave of the chief steward; and when we
the reed grass. told him our dreams, he interpreted
them for us and explained for each of us
3
Behind them seven other cows, ugly the meaning of his dream.
and gaunt, came up out of the Nile; and
13
standing on the bank of the Nile beside And it turned out just as he had told
the others, us: I was restored to my post, but the
other man was impaled."
4
the ugly, gaunt cows ate up the seven
14
handsome, fat cows. Then Pharaoh Pharaoh therefore had Joseph
woke up. summoned, and they hurriedly brought
him from the dungeon. After he shaved
5
He fell asleep again and had another and changed his clothes, he came into
dream. He saw seven ears of grain, fat Pharaoh's presence.
and healthy, growing on a single stalk.
15
Pharaoh then said to him: "I had
6
Behind them sprouted seven ears of certain dreams that no one can interpret.
grain, thin and blasted by the east wind; But I hear it said of you that the moment
you are told a dream you can interpret
7
and the seven thin ears swallowed up it."
the seven fat, healthy ears. Then 16
Pharaoh woke up, to find it was only a "It is not I," Joseph replied to Pharaoh,
dream. "but God who will give Pharaoh the right
answer."
8
Next morning his spirit was agitated. So 17
he summoned all the magicians and Then Pharaoh said to Joseph: "In my
sages of Egypt and recounted his dream, I was standing on the bank of
dreams to them; but no one could the Nile,
interpret his dreams for him.
18
when up from the Nile came seven
9
Then the chief cupbearer spoke up and cows, fat and well-formed; they grazed
said to Pharaoh: "On this occasion I am in the reed grass.
reminded of my negligence.
19
Behind them came seven other cows,
10
Once, when Pharaoh was angry, he scrawny, most ill-formed and gaunt.
put me and the chief baker in custody in Never have I seen such ugly specimens
the house of the chief steward. as these in all the land of Egypt!

20
11
Later, we both had dreams on the The gaunt, ugly cows ate up the first
same night, and each of our dreams had seven fat cows.
its own meaning.
21
But when they had consumed them, in the land of Egypt will be forgotten.
no one could tell that they had done so, When the famine has ravaged the land,
because they looked as ugly as before.
Then I woke up. 31
no trace of the abundance will be
found in the land because of the famine
22
In another dream I saw seven ears of that follows it--so utterly severe will that
grain, fat and healthy, growing on a famine be.
single stalk.
32
That Pharaoh had the same dream
23
Behind them sprouted seven ears of twice means that the matter has been
grain, shriveled and thin and blasted by reaffirmed by God and that God will
the east wind; soon bring it about.

24 33
and the seven thin ears swallowed up "Therefore, let Pharaoh seek out a
the seven healthy ears. I have spoken to wise and discerning man and put him in
the magicians, but none of them can charge of the land of Egypt.
give me an explanation."
34
Pharaoh should also take action to
25
Joseph said to Pharaoh: "Both of appoint overseers, so as to regiment the
Pharaoh's dreams have the same land during the seven years of
meaning. God has thus foretold to abundance.
Pharaoh what he is about to do.
35
They should husband all the food of
26
The seven healthy cows are seven the coming good years, collecting the
years, and the seven healthy ears are grain under Pharaoh's authority, to be
seven years--the same in each dream. stored in the towns for food.

27 36
So also, the seven thin, ugly cows that This food will serve as a reserve for
came up after them are seven years, as the country against the seven years of
are the seven thin, wind-blasted ears; famine that are to follow in the land of
they are seven years of famine. Egypt, so that the land may not perish in
the famine."
28
It is just as I told Pharaoh: God has
37
revealed to Pharaoh what he is about to This advice pleased Pharaoh and all
do. his officials.

29 38
Seven years of great abundance are "Could we find another like him,"
now coming throughout the land of Pharaoh asked his officials, "a man so
Egypt; endowed with the spirit of God?"

30 39
but these will be followed by seven So Pharaoh said to Joseph: "Since
years of famine, when all the abundance God has made all this known to you, no
48
one can be as wise and discerning as he husbanded all the food of these
you are. years of plenty that the land of Egypt
was enjoying and stored it in the towns,
40
You shall be in charge of my palace, placing in each town the crops of the
and all my people shall dart at your fields around it.
command. Only in respect to the throne
49
shall I outrank you. Joseph garnered grain in quantities
like the sands of the sea, so vast that at
41
Herewith," Pharaoh told Joseph, "I last he stopped measuring it, for it was
place you in charge of the whole land of beyond measure.
Egypt."
50
Before the famine years set in, Joseph
42
With that, Pharaoh took off his signet became the father of two sons, borne to
ring and put it on Joseph's finger. He him by Asenath, daughter of Potiphera,
had him dressed in robes of fine linen priest of Heliopolis.
and put a gold chain about his neck.
51
He named his first-born Manasseh,
43
He then had him ride in the chariot of meaning, "God has made me forget
his vizier, and they shouted "Abrek!" entirely the sufferings I endured at the
before him. Thus was Joseph installed hands of my family";
over the whole land of Egypt.
52
and the second he named Ephraim,
44
"I, Pharaoh, proclaim," he told Joseph, meaning, "God has made me fruitful in
"that without your approval no one shall the land of my affliction."
move hand or foot in all the land of
53
Egypt." When the seven years of abundance
enjoyed by the land of Egypt came to an
45
Pharaoh also bestowed the name of end,
Zaphnath-paneah on Joseph, and he
54
gave him in marriage Asenath, the the seven years of famine set in, just
daughter of Potiphera, priest of as Joseph had predicted. Although there
Heliopolis. was famine in all the other countries,
food was available throughout the land
46
Joseph was thirty years old when he of Egypt.
entered the service of Pharaoh, king of
55
Egypt. After Joseph left Pharaoh's When hunger came to be felt
presence, he traveled throughout the throughout the land of Egypt and the
land of Egypt. people cried to Pharaoh for bread,
Pharaoh directed all the Egyptians to go
47
During the seven years of plenty, to Joseph and do whatever he told them.
when the land produced abundant crops,
56
When the famine had spread
throughout the land, Joseph opened all
the cities that had grain and rationed it them. They answered, "From the land of
to the Egyptians, since the famine had Canaan, to procure food."
gripped the land of Egypt.
8
When Joseph recognized his brothers,
57
In fact, all the world came to Joseph to although they did not recognize him,
obtain rations of grain, for famine had
gripped the whole world. 9
he was reminded of the dreams he had
about them. He said to them: "You are
spies. You have come to see the
42When Jacob learned that grain nakedness of the land."
rations were available in Egypt, he said 10
to his sons: "Why do you keep gaping at "No, my lord," they replied. "On the
one another? contrary, your servants have come to
procure food.
2
I hear," he went on, "that rations of 11
grain are available in Egypt. Go down All of us are sons of the same man.
there and buy some for us, that we may We are honest men; your servants have
stay alive rather than die of hunger." never been spies."

12
3
So ten of Joseph's brothers went down But he answered them: "Not so! You
to buy an emergency supply of grain have come to see the nakedness of the
from Egypt. land."

13
4
It was only Joseph's full brother "We your servants," they said, "were
Benjamin that Jacob did not send with twelve brothers, sons of a certain man in
the rest, for he thought some disaster Canaan; but the youngest one is at
might befall him. present with our father, and the other
one is gone."
5
Thus, since there was famine in the 14
land of Canaan also, the sons of Israel "It is just as I said," Joseph persisted;
were among those who came to procure "you are spies.
rations.
15
This is how you shall be tested: unless
6
It was Joseph, as governor of the your youngest brother comes here, I
country, who dispensed the rations to all swear by the life of Pharaoh that you
the people. When Joseph's brothers shall not leave here.
came and knelt down before him with
16
their faces to the ground, So send one of your number to get
your brother, while the rest of you stay
7
he recognized them as soon as he saw here under arrest. Thus shall your words
them. But he concealed his own identity be tested for their truth; if they are
from them and spoke sternly to them. untrue, as Pharaoh lives, you are spies!"
"Where do you come from?" he asked
17
With that, he locked them up in the provisions given them for their journey.
guardhouse for three days. After this had been done for them,

18 26
On the third day Joseph said to them: they loaded their donkeys with the
"Do this, and you shall live; for I am a rations and departed.
God-fearing man.
27
At the night encampment, when one of
19
If you have been honest, only one of them opened his bag to give his donkey
your brothers need be confined in this some fodder, he was surprised to see
prison, while the rest of you may go and his money in the mouth of his bag.
take home provisions for your starving
families. 28
"My money has been returned!" he
cried out to his brothers. "Here it is in my
20
But you must come back to me with bag!" At that their hearts sank.
your youngest brother. Your words will Trembling, they asked one another,
thus be verified, and you will not die." To "What is this that God has done to us?"
this they agreed.
29
When they got back to their father
21
To one another, however, they said: Jacob in the land of Canaan, they told
"Alas, we are being punished because him all that had happened to them.
of our brother. We saw the anguish of
his heart when he pleaded with us, yet 30
"The man who is lord of the country,"
we paid no heed; that is why this they said, "spoke to us sternly and put
anguish has now come upon us." us in custody as if we were spying on
the land.
22
"Didn't I tell you," broke in Reuben,
"not to do wrong to the boy? But you 31
But we said to him: 'We are honest
wouldn't listen! Now comes the men; we have never been spies.
reckoning for his blood."
32
23
There were twelve of us brothers, sons
They did not know, of course, that of the same father; but one is gone, and
Joseph understood what they said, the youngest one is at present with our
since he spoke with them through an father in the land of Canaan.'
interpreter.
33
24
Then the man who is lord of the
But turning away from them, he wept. country said to us: 'This is how I shall
When he was able to speak to them know if you are honest men: leave one
again, he had Simeon taken from them of your brothers with me, while the rest
and bound before their eyes. of you go home with rations for your
starving families.
25
Then Joseph gave orders to have their
containers filled with grain, their money 34
When you come back to me with your
replaced in each one's sack, and youngest brother, and I know that you
4
are honest men and not spies, I will If you are willing to let our brother go
restore your brother to you, and you with us, we will go down to procure food
may move about freely in the land.'" for you.

35 5
When they were emptying their sacks, But if you are not willing, we will not go
there in each one's sack was his down, because the man told us, 'You
moneybag! At the sight of their shall not appear in my presence unless
moneybags, they and their father were your brother is with you.'"
dismayed.
6
Israel demanded, "Why did you bring
36
Their father Jacob said to them: "Must this trouble on me by telling the man
you make me childless? Joseph is gone, that you had another brother?"
and Simeon is gone, and now you would
take away Benjamin! Why must such 7
They answered: "The man kept asking
things always happen to me?" about ourselves and our family: 'Is your
father still living? Do you have another
37
Then Reuben told his father: "Put him brother?' We had to answer his
in my care, and I will bring him back to questions. How could we know that he
you. You may kill my own two sons if I would say, 'Bring your brother down
do not return him to you." here'?"

38 8
But Jacob replied: "My son shall not go Then Judah urged his father Israel: "Let
down with you. Now that his full brother the boy go with me, that we may be off
is dead, he is the only one left. If some and on our way if you and we and our
disaster should befall him on the journey children are to keep from starving to
you must make, you would send my death.
white head down to the nether world in
grief." 9
I myself will stand surety for him. You
can hold me responsible for him. If I fail
to bring him back, to set him in your
43Now the famine in the land grew presence, you can hold it against me
forever.
more severe.
10
2
So when they had used up all the Had we not dilly-dallied, we could have
rations they had brought from Egypt, been there and back twice by now!"
their father said to them, "Go back and 11
procure us a little more food." Their father Israel then told them: "If it
must be so, then do this: Put some of
3
But Judah replied: "The man strictly the land's best products in your baggage
warned us, 'You shall not appear in my and take them down to the man as gifts:
presence unless your brother is with some balm and honey, gum and resin,
you.' and pistachios and almonds.
12 20
Also take extra money along, for you "If you please, sir," they said, "we
must return the amount that was put came down here once before to procure
back in the mouths of your bags; it may food.
have been a mistake.
21
But when we arrived at a night's
13
Take your brother, too, and be off on encampment and opened our bags,
your way back to the man. there was each man's money in the
mouth of his bag--our money in the full
14
May God Almighty dispose the man to amount! We have now brought it back.
be merciful toward you, so that he may
22
let your other brother go, as well as We have brought other money to
Benjamin. As for me, if I am to suffer procure food with. We do not know who
bereavement, I shall suffer it." put the first money in our bags."

15 23
So the men got the gifts, took double "Be at ease," he replied; "you have no
the amount of money with them, and, need to fear. Your God and the God of
accompanied by Benjamin, were off on your father must have put treasures in
their way down to Egypt to present your bags for you. As for your money, I
themselves to Joseph. received it." With that, he led Simeon
out to them.
16
When Joseph saw Benjamin with them,
24
he told his head steward, "Take these The steward then brought the men
men into the house, and have an animal inside Joseph's house. He gave them
slaughtered and prepared, for they are water to bathe their feet, and got fodder
to dine with me at noon." for their donkeys.

17 25
Doing as Joseph had ordered, the Then they set out their gifts to await
steward conducted the men to Joseph's Joseph's arrival at noon, for they had
house. heard that they were to dine there.

18 26
But on being led to his house, they When Joseph came home, they
became apprehensive. "It must be," they presented him with the gifts they had
thought, "on account of the money put brought inside, while they bowed down
back in our bags the first time, that we before him to the ground.
are taken inside; they want to use it as a
pretext to attack us and take our 27
After inquiring how they were, he
donkeys and seize us as slaves." asked them, "And how is your aged
father, of whom you spoke? Is he still in
19
So they went up to Joseph's head good health?"
steward and talked to him at the
entrance of the house. 28
"Your servant our father is thriving and
still in good health," they said, as they
bowed respectfully.
29
When Joseph's eye fell on his full the money for his rations." The steward
brother Benjamin, he asked, "Is this your carried out Joseph's instructions.
youngest brother, of whom you told
me?" Then he said to him, "May God be 3
At daybreak the men and their donkeys
gracious to you, my boy!" were sent off.
30
With that, Joseph had to hurry out, for 4
They had not gone far out of the city
he was so overcome with affection for when Joseph said to his head steward:
his brother that he was on the verge of "Go at once after the men! When you
tears. He went into a private room and overtake them, say to them, 'Why did
wept there. you repay good with evil? Why did you
steal the silver goblet from me?
31
After washing his face, he reappeared
and, now in control of himself, gave the 5
It is the very one from which my master
order, "Serve the meal." drinks and which he uses for divination.
What you have done is wrong.'"
32
It was served separately to him, to the
brothers, and to the Egyptians who 6
When the steward overtook them and
partook of his board. (Egyptians may not repeated these words to them,
eat with Hebrews; that is abhorrent to
them.) 7
they remonstrated with him: "How can
33
my lord say such things? Far be it from
When they were seated by his your servants to do such a thing!
directions according to their age, from
the oldest to the youngest, they looked 8
We even brought back to you from the
at one another in amazement; land of Canaan the money that we
34
found in the mouths of our bags. Why,
and as portions were brought to them then, would we steal silver or gold from
from Joseph's table, Benjamin's portion your master's house?
was five times as large as anyone else's.
So they drank freely and made merry 9
If any of your servants is found to have
with him. the goblet, he shall die, and as for the
rest of us, we shall become my lord's
slaves."
44Then Joseph gave his head
10
steward these instructions: "Fill the But he replied, "Even though it ought
men's bags with as much food as they to be as you propose, only the one who
can carry, and put each man's money in is found to have it shall become my
the mouth of his bag. slave, and the rest of you shall be
exonerated."
2
In the mouth of the youngest one's bag
11
put also my silver goblet, together with Then each of them eagerly lowered his
bag to the ground and opened it;
12 20
and when a search was made, starting So we said to my lord, 'We have an
with the oldest and ending with the aged father, and a young brother, the
youngest, the goblet turned up in child of his old age. This one's full
Benjamin's bag. brother is dead, and since he is the only
one by that mother who is left, his father
13
At this, they tore their clothes. Then, dotes on him.'
when each man had reloaded his
21
donkey, they returned to the city. Then you told your servants, 'Bring
him down to me that my eyes may look
14
As Judah and his brothers reentered on him.'
Joseph's house, he was still there; so
22
they flung themselves on the ground We replied to my lord, 'The boy cannot
before him. leave his father; his father would die if
he were to leave him.'
15
"How could you do such a thing?"
23
Joseph asked them. "You should have But you told your servants, 'Unless
known that such a man as I could your youngest brother comes back with
discover by divination what happened." you, you shall not come into my
presence again.'
16
Judah replied: "What can we say to my
24
lord? How can we plead or how try to When we returned to your servant our
prove our innocence? God has father, we reported to him the words of
uncovered your servants' guilt. Here we my lord.
are, then, the slaves of my lord--the rest
of us no less than the one in whose 25
"Later, our father told us to come back
possession the goblet was found." and buy some food for the family.
17
"Far be it from me to act thus!" said 26
So we reminded him, 'We cannot go
Joseph. "Only the one in whose down there; only if our youngest brother
possession the goblet was found shall is with us can we go, for we may not see
become my slave; the rest of you may the man if our youngest brother is not
go back safe and sound to your father." with us.'
18
Judah then stepped up to him and 27
Then your servant our father said to us,
said: "I beg you, my lord, let your 'As you know, my wife bore me two sons.
servant speak earnestly to my lord, and
do not become angry with your servant, 28
One of them, however, disappeared,
for you are the equal of Pharaoh.
and I had to conclude that he must have
19
been torn to pieces by wild beasts; I
My lord asked your servants, 'Have have not seen him since.
you a father, or another brother?'
29
If you now take this one away from me
too, and some disaster befalls him, you
will send my white head down to the his brothers could give him no answer,
nether world in grief.' so dumbfounded were they at him.

30 4
"If then the boy is not with us when I "Come closer to me," he told his
go back to your servant my father, brothers. When they had done so, he
whose very life is bound up with his, he said: "I am your brother Joseph, whom
will die as soon as he sees that the boy you once sold into Egypt.
is missing;
5
But now do not be distressed, and do
31
and your servants will thus send the not reproach yourselves for having sold
white head of our father down to the me here. It was really for the sake of
nether world in grief. saving lives that God sent me here
ahead of you.
32
Besides, I, your servant, got the boy
6
from his father by going surety for him, For two years now the famine has been
saying, 'If I fail to bring him back to you, in the land, and for five more years
father, you can hold it against me tillage will yield no harvest.
forever.'
7
God, therefore, sent me on ahead of
33
Let me, your servant, therefore, you to ensure for you a remnant on
remain in place of the boy as the slave earth and to save your lives in an
of my lord, and let the boy go back with extraordinary deliverance.
his brothers.
8
So it was not really you but God who
34
How could I go back to my father if the had me come here; and he has made of
boy were not with me? I could not bear me a father to Pharaoh, lord of all his
to see the anguish that would overcome household, and ruler over the whole
my father." land of Egypt.

9
"Hurry back, then, to my father and tell
45Joseph could no longer control him: 'Thus says your son Joseph: God
has made me lord of all Egypt; come to
himself in the presence of all his
attendants, so he cried out, "Have me without delay.
everyone withdraw from me!" Thus no 10
one else was about when he made You will settle in the region of Goshen,
himself known to his brothers. where you will be near me--you and
your children and grandchildren, your
2
But his sobs were so loud that the flocks and herds, and everything that
Egyptians heard him, and so the news you own.
reached Pharaoh's palace. 11
Since five years of famine still lie
3
"I am Joseph," he said to his brothers. ahead, I will provide for you there, so
"Is my father still in good health?" But
21
that you and your family and all that are The sons of Israel acted accordingly.
yours may not suffer want.' Joseph gave them the wagons, as
Pharaoh had ordered, and he supplied
12
Surely, you can see for yourselves, them with provisions for the journey.
and Benjamin can see for himself, that it
22
is I, Joseph, who am speaking to you. He also gave to each of them fresh
clothing, but to Benjamin he gave three
13
Tell my father all about my high hundred shekels of silver and five sets
position in Egypt and what you have of garments.
seen. But hurry and bring my father
23
down here." Moreover, what he sent to his father
was ten jackasses loaded with the finest
14
Thereupon he flung himself on the products of Egypt and ten jennies
neck of his brother Benjamin and wept, loaded with grain and bread and other
and Benjamin wept in his arms. provisions for his journey.

24
15
Joseph then kissed all his brothers, As he sent his brothers on their way,
crying over each of them; and only then he told them, "Let there be no
were his brothers able to talk with him. recriminations on the way."

25
16
When the news reached Pharaoh's So they left Egypt and made their way
palace that Joseph's brothers had come, to their father Jacob in the land of
Pharaoh and his courtiers were pleased. Canaan.

26
17
So Pharaoh told Joseph: "Say to your When they told him, "Joseph is still
brothers: 'This is what you shall do: alive--in fact, it is he who is ruler of all
Load up your animals and go without the land of Egypt," he was
delay to the land of Canaan. dumbfounded; he could not believe
them.
18
There get your father and your families, 27
and then come back here to me; I will But when they recounted to him all
assign you the best land in Egypt, where that Joseph had told them, and when he
you will live off the fat of the land.' saw the wagons that Joseph had sent
for his transport, the spirit of their father
19 Jacob revived.
Instruct them further: 'Do this. Take
wagons from the land of Egypt for your 28
children and your wives and to transport "It is enough," said Israel. "My son
your father on your way back here. Joseph is still alive! I must go and see
him before I die."
20
Do not be concerned about your
belongings, for the best in the whole
land of Egypt shall be yours.'" 46 Israel set out with all that was his.
When he arrived at Beer-sheba, he
11
offered sacrifices to the God of his The sons of Levi: Gershon, Kohath,
father Isaac. and Merari.

2 12
There God, speaking to Israel in a The sons of Judah: Er, Onan, Shelah,
vision by night, called, "Jacob! Jacob!" Perez, and Zerah--but Er and Onan had
"Here I am," he answered. died in the land of Canaan; and the sons
of Perez were Hezron and Hamul.
3
Then he said: "I am God, the God of
13
your father. Do not be afraid to go down The sons of Issachar: Tola, Puah,
to Egypt, for there I will make you a Jashub, and Shimron.
great nation.
14
The sons of Zebulun: Sered, Elon, and
4
Not only will I go down to Egypt with Jahleel.
you; I will also bring you back here, after
Joseph has closed your eyes." 15
These were the sons whom Leah bore
to Jacob in Paddan-aram, along with his
5
So Jacob departed from Beer-sheba, daughter Dinah--thirty-three persons in
and the sons of Israel put their father all, male and female.
and their wives and children on the
wagons that Pharaoh had sent for his 16
The sons of Gad: Zephon, Haggi,
transport. Shuni, Ezbon, Eri, Arod, and Areli.
6
They took with them their livestock and 17
The sons of Asher: Imnah, Ishvah,
the possessions they had acquired in Ishvi, and Beriah, with their sister Serah;
the land of Canaan. Thus Jacob and all and the sons of Beriah: Heber and
his descendants migrated to Egypt. Malchiel.
7
His sons and his grandsons, his 18
These were the descendants of Zilpah,
daughters and his granddaughters--all whom Laban had given to his daughter
his descendants--he took with him to Leah; these she bore to Jacob--sixteen
Egypt. persons in all.
8
These are the names of the Israelites, 19
The sons of Jacob's wife Rachel:
Jacob and his descendants, who Joseph and Benjamin.
migrated to Egypt. Reuben, Jacob's
first-born, 20
In the land of Egypt Joseph became
9
the father of Manasseh and Ephraim,
and the sons of Reuben: Hanoch, Pallu, whom Asenath, daughter of Potiphera,
Hezron, and Carmi. priest of Heliopolis, bore to him.
10
The sons of Simeon: Nemuel, Jamin, 21
The sons of Benjamin: Bela, Becher,
Ohad, Jachin, Zohar, and Shaul, son of Ashbel, Gera, Naaman, Ahiram,
a Canaanite woman. Shupham, Hupham, and Ard.
22
These were the sons whom Rachel is in the land of Canaan, have come to
bore to Jacob--fourteen persons in all. me.

23 32
The sons of Dan: Hushim. The men are shepherds, having long
been keepers of livestock; and they
24
The sons of Naphtali: Jahzeel, Guni, have brought with them their flocks and
Jezer, and Shillem. herds, as well as everything else they
own.'
25
These were the sons of Bilhah, whom 33
Laban had given to his daughter Rachel; So when Pharaoh summons you and
these she bore to Jacob--seven persons asks what your occupation is,
in all.
34
you must answer, 'We your servants,
26
Jacob's people who migrated to Egypt- like our ancestors, have been keepers
-his direct descendants, not counting the of livestock from the beginning until
wives of Jacob's sons--numbered sixty- now,' in order that you may stay in the
six persons in all. region of Goshen, since all shepherds
are abhorrent to the Egyptians."
27
Together with Joseph's sons who were
born to him in Egypt--two persons--all
the people comprising Jacob's family 47Joseph went and told Pharaoh,
who had come to Egypt amounted to "My father and my brothers have come
seventy persons in all. from the land of Canaan, with their
flocks and herds and everything else
28
Israel had sent Judah ahead to Joseph, they own; and they are now in the
so that he might meet him in Goshen. region of Goshen."
On his arrival in the region of Goshen,
2
He then presented to Pharaoh five of
29
Joseph hitched the horses to his his brothers whom he had selected from
chariot and rode to meet his father Israel their full number.
in Goshen. As soon as he saw him, he
flung himself on his neck and wept a 3
When Pharaoh asked them what their
long time in his arms. occupation was, they answered, "We,
your servants, like our ancestors, are
30
And Israel said to Joseph, "At last I shepherds.
can die, now that I have seen for myself
that Joseph is still alive." 4
We have come," they continued, "in
order to stay in this country, for there is
31
Joseph then said to his brothers and no pasture for your servants' flocks in
his father's household: "I will go and the land of Canaan, so severe has the
inform Pharaoh, telling him: 'My brothers famine been there. Please, therefore, let
and my father's household, whose home your servants settle in the region of
Goshen."
5
Pharaoh said to Joseph, "They may famine, and the lands of Egypt and
settle in the region of Goshen; and if you Canaan were languishing from hunger,
know any of them to be qualified, you
may put them in charge of my own 14
Joseph gathered in, as payment for
livestock." Thus, when Jacob and his the rations that were being dispensed,
sons came to Joseph in Egypt, and all the money that was to be found in
Pharaoh, king of Egypt, heard about it, Egypt and Canaan, and he put it in
Pharaoh said to Joseph, "Now that your Pharaoh's palace.
father and brothers have come to you,
15
6
When all the money in Egypt and
the land of Egypt is at your disposal; Canaan was spent, all the Egyptians
settle your father and brothers in the came to Joseph, pleading, "Give us food
pick of the land." or we shall perish under your eyes; for
our money is gone."
7
Then Joseph brought his father Jacob
and presented him to Pharaoh. After 16
"Since your money is gone," replied
Jacob had paid his respects to Pharaoh, Joseph, "give me your livestock, and I
will sell you bread in return for your
8
Pharaoh asked him, "How many years livestock."
have you lived?"
17
So they brought their livestock to
9
Jacob replied: "The years I have lived Joseph, and he sold them food in return
as a wayfarer amount to a hundred and for their horses, their flocks of sheep
thirty. Few and hard have been these and herds of cattle, and their donkeys.
years of my life, and they do not Thus he got them through that year with
compare with the years that my bread in exchange for all their livestock.
ancestors lived as wayfarers."
18
When that year ended, they came to
10
Then Jacob bade Pharaoh farewell him in the following one and said: "We
and withdrew from his presence. cannot hide from my lord that, with our
money spent and our livestock made
11
As Pharaoh had ordered, Joseph over to my lord, there is nothing left to
settled his father and brothers and gave put at my lord's disposal except our
them holdings in Egypt on the pick of bodies and our farm land.
the land, in the region of Rameses.
19
Why should we and our land perish
12
And Joseph sustained his father and before your very eyes? Take us and our
brothers and his father's whole land in exchange for food, and we will
household, down to the youngest, with become Pharaoh's slaves and our land
food. his property; only give us seed, that we
may survive and not perish, and that our
13
Since there was no food in any country land may not turn into a waste."
because of the extreme severity of the
20 28
Thus Joseph acquired all the farm land Jacob lived in the land of Egypt for
of Egypt for Pharaoh, since with the seventeen years; the span of his life
famine too much for them to bear, every came to a hundred and forty-seven
Egyptian sold his field; so the land years.
passed over to Pharaoh,
29
When the time approached for Israel
21
and the people were reduced to to die, he called his son Joseph and
slavery, from one end of Egypt's territory said to him: "If you really wish to please
to the other. me, put your hand under my thigh as a
sign of your constant loyalty to me; do
22
Only the priests' lands Joseph did not not let me be buried in Egypt.
take over. Since the priests had a fixed
30
allowance from Pharaoh and lived off When I lie down with my ancestors,
the allowance Pharaoh had granted have me taken out of Egypt and buried
them, they did not have to sell their land. in their burial place."

23 31
Joseph told the people: "Now that I "I will do as you say," he replied. But
have acquired you and your land for his father demanded, "Swear it to me!"
Pharaoh, here is your seed for sowing So Joseph swore to him. Then Israel
the land. bowed at the head of the bed.

24
But when the harvest is in, you must
give a fifth of it to Pharaoh, while you
keep four-fifths as seed for your fields
48 Some time afterward, Joseph was
informed, "Your father is failing." So he
and as food for yourselves and your took along with him his two sons,
families (and as food for your children)." Manasseh and Ephraim.
25
"You have saved our lives!" they 2
When Jacob was told, "Your son
answered. "We are grateful to my lord Joseph has come to you," he rallied his
that we can be Pharaoh's slaves." strength and sat up in bed.
26
Thus Joseph made it a law for the land 3
Jacob then said to Joseph: "God
in Egypt, which is still in force, that a fifth Almighty appeared to me at Luz in the
of its produce should go to Pharaoh. land of Canaan, and blessing me,
Only the land of the priests did not pass
over to Pharaoh. 4
he said, 'I will make you fertile and
27 numerous and raise you into an
Thus Israel settled in the land of Egypt, assembly of tribes, and I will give this
in the region of Goshen. There they land to your descendants after you as a
acquired property, were fertile, and permanent possession.'
increased greatly.
5
Your two sons, therefore, who were
born to you in the land of Egypt before I
14
joined you here, shall be mine; Ephraim But Israel, crossing his hands, put out
and Manasseh shall be mine as much his right hand and laid it on the head of
as Reuben and Simeon are mine. Ephraim, although he was the younger,
and his left hand on the head of
6
Progeny born to you after them shall Manasseh, although he was the first-
remain yours; but their heritage shall be born.
recorded in the names of their two
15
brothers. Then he blessed them with these
words: "May the God in whose ways my
7
I do this because, when I was returning fathers Abraham and Isaac walked, The
from Paddan, your mother Rachel died, God who has been my shepherd from
to my sorrow, during the journey in my birth to this day,
Canaan, while we were still a short
16
distance from Ephrath; and I buried her The Angel who has delivered me from
there on the way to Ephrath (that is, all harm, bless these boys That in them
Bethlehem)." my name be recalled, and the names of
my fathers, Abraham and Isaac, And
8
When Israel saw Joseph's sons, he they may become teeming multitudes
asked, "Who are these?" upon the earth!"

17
9
"They are my sons," Joseph answered When Joseph saw that his father had
his father, "whom God has given me laid his right hand on Ephraim's head,
here." "Bring them to me," said his this seemed wrong to him; so he took
father, "that I may bless them." hold of his father's hand, to remove it
from Ephraim's head to Manasseh's,
10
(Now Israel's eyes were dim from age, 18
and he could not see well.) When saying, "That is not right, father; the
Joseph brought his sons close to him, other one is the first-born; lay your right
he kissed and embraced them. hand on his head!"

19
11
Then Israel said to Joseph, "I never But his father resisted. "I know it, son,"
expected to see your face again, and he said, "I know. That one too shall
now God has allowed me to see your become a tribe, and he too shall be
descendants as well!" great. Nevertheless, his younger brother
shall surpass him, and his descendants
12 shall become a multitude of nations."
Joseph removed them from his father's
knees and bowed down before him with 20
his face to the ground. So when he blessed them that day
and said, "By you shall the people of
13 Israel pronounce blessings; may they
Then Joseph took the two, Ephraim
with his right hand, to Israel's left, and say, 'God make you like Ephraim and
Manasseh with his left hand, to Israel's Manasseh,'" he placed Ephraim before
Manasseh.
right, and led them to him.
21 9
Then Israel said to Joseph: "I am Judah, like a lion's whelp, you have
about to die. But God will be with you grown up on prey, my son. He crouches
and will restore you to the land of your like a lion recumbent, the king of beasts-
fathers. -who would dare rouse him?

22 10
As for me, I give to you, as to the one The scepter shall never depart from
above his brothers, Shechem, which I Judah, or the mace from between his
captured from the Amorites with my legs, While tribute is brought to him, and
sword and bow." he receives the people's homage.

11
He tethers his donkey to the vine, his
49Jacob called his sons and said: purebred ass to the choicest stem. In
wine he washes his garments his robe
"Gather around, that I may tell you what
is to happen to you in days to come. in the blood of grapes.

12
2
"Assemble and listen, sons of Jacob, His eyes are darker than wine, and his
listen to Israel, your father. teeth are whiter than milk.

13
3
"You, Reuben, my first-born, my "Zebulun shall dwell by the seashore
strength and the first fruit of my (This means a shore for ships), and his
manhood, excelling in rank and flank shall be based on Sidon.
excelling in power! 14
"Issachar is a rawboned ass,
4
Unruly as water, you shall no longer crouching between the saddlebags.
excel, for you climbed into your father's 15
bed and defiled my couch to my sorrow. When he saw how good a settled life
was, and how pleasant the country, He
5
"Simeon and Levi, brothers indeed, bent his shoulder to the burden and
weapons of violence are their knives. became a toiling serf.

16
6
Let not my soul enter their council, or "Dan shall achieve justice for his
my spirit be joined with their company; kindred like any other tribe of Israel.
For in their fury they slew men, in their 17
willfulness they maimed oxen. Let Dan be a serpent by the roadside,
a horned viper by the path, That bites
7
Cursed be their fury so fierce, and their the horse's heel, so that the rider
rage so cruel! I will scatter them in tumbles backward.
Jacob, disperse them throughout Israel. 18
"(I long for your deliverance, O LORD!)
8
"You, Judah, shall your brothers praise 19
--your hand on the neck of your "Gad shall be raided by raiders, but he
enemies; the sons of your father shall shall raid at their heels.
bow down to you.
20
"Asher's produce is rich, and he shall bury me with my fathers in the cave that
furnish dainties for kings. lies in the field of Ephron the Hittite,

21 30
"Naphtali is a hind let loose which the cave in the field of Machpelah,
brings forth lovely fawns. facing on Mamre, in the land of Canaan,
the field that Abraham bought from
22
"Joseph is a wild colt ,a wild colt by a Ephron the Hittite for a burial ground.
spring, a wild ass on a hillside.
31
There Abraham and his wife Sarah are
23
Harrying and attacking, the archers buried, and so are Isaac and his wife
opposed him; Rebekah, and there, too, I buried Leah--

32
24
But each one's bow remained stiff, as the field and the cave in it that had
their arms were unsteady, By the power been purchased from the Hittites."
of the Mighty One of Jacob, because of
33
the Shepherd, the Rock of Israel, When Jacob had finished giving these
instructions to his sons, he drew his feet
25
The God of your father, who helps you, into the bed, breathed his last, and was
God Almighty, who blesses you, With taken to his kindred.
the blessings of the heavens above, the
blessings of the abyss that crouches
below, The blessings of breasts and
womb,
50Joseph threw himself on his
father's face and wept over him as he
26
kissed him.
the blessings of fresh grain and
blossoms, The blessings of the 2
Then he ordered the physicians in his
everlasting mountains, the delights of service to embalm his father. When they
the eternal hills. May they rest on the embalmed Israel,
head of Joseph, on the brow of the
prince among his brothers. 3
they spent forty days at it, for that is the
27 full period of embalming; and the
"Benjamin is a ravenous wolf; Egyptians mourned him for seventy
mornings he devours the prey, and days.
evenings he distributes the spoils."
4
28 When that period of mourning was over,
All these are the twelve tribes of Israel, Joseph spoke to Pharaoh's courtiers.
and this is what their father said about "Please do me this favor," he said, "and
them, as he bade them farewell and convey to Pharaoh this request of mine.
gave to each of them an appropriate
message. 5
Since my father, at the point of death,
29 made me promise on oath to bury him in
Then he gave them this charge: "Since the tomb that he had prepared for
I am about to be taken to my kindred, himself in the land of Canaan, may I go
14
up there to bury my father and then After Joseph had buried his father he
come back?" returned to Egypt, together with his
brothers and all who had gone up with
6
Pharaoh replied, "Go and bury your him for the burial of his father.
father, as he made you promise on
15
oath." Now that their father was dead,
Joseph's brothers became fearful and
7
So Joseph left to bury his father; and thought, "Suppose Joseph has been
with him went all of Pharaoh's officials nursing a grudge against us and now
who were senior members of his court plans to pay us back in full for all the
and all the other dignitaries of Egypt, wrong we did him!"

16
8
as well as Joseph's whole household, So they approached Joseph and said:
his brothers, and his father's household; "Before your father died, he gave us
only their children and their flocks and these instructions:
herds were left in the region of Goshen.
17
'You shall say to Joseph, Jacob begs
9
Chariots, too, and charioteers went up you to forgive the criminal wrongdoing of
with him; it was a very large retinue. your brothers, who treated you so
cruelly.' Please, therefore, forgive the
10
When they arrived at Goren-ha-atad, crime that we, the servants of your
which is beyond the Jordan, they held father's God, committed." When they
spoke these words to him, Joseph broke
there a very great and solemn memorial
service; and Joseph observed seven into tears.
days of mourning for his father. 18
Then his brothers proceeded to fling
11
When the Canaanites who inhabited themselves down before him and said,
"Let us be your slaves!"
the land saw the mourning at Goren-ha-
atad, they said, "This is a solemn funeral 19
the Egyptians are having." That is why But Joseph replied to them: "Have no
the place was named Abel-mizraim. It is fear. Can I take the place of God?
beyond the Jordan.
20
Even though you meant harm to me,
12
Thus Jacob's sons did for him as he God meant it for good, to achieve his
had instructed them. present end, the survival of many
people.
13
They carried him to the land of 21
Canaan and buried him in the cave in Therefore have no fear. I will provide
the field of Machpelah, facing on Mamre, for you and for your children." By thus
the field that Abraham had bought for a speaking kindly to them, he reassured
burial ground from Ephron the Hittite. them.
22
Joseph remained in Egypt, together land that he promised on oath to
with his father's family. He lived a Abraham, Isaac and Jacob."
hundred and ten years.
25
Then, putting the sons of Israel under
23
He saw Ephraim's children to the third oath, he continued, "When God thus
generation, and the children of takes care of you, you must bring my
Manasseh's son Machir were also born bones up with you from this place."
on Joseph's knees.
26
Joseph died at the age of a hundred
24
Joseph said to his brothers: "I am and ten. He was embalmed and laid to
about to die. God will surely take care of rest in a coffin in Egypt.
you and lead you out of this land to the
Exodus
11
Accordingly, taskmasters were set
over the Israelites to oppress them with
1These are the names of the sons of forced labor. Thus they had to build for
Pharaoh the supply cities of Pithom and
Israel who, accompanied by their Raamses.
households, migrated with Jacob into
Egypt: 12
Yet the more they were oppressed, the
2 more they multiplied and spread. The
Reuben, Simeon, Levi and Judah; Egyptians, then, dreaded the Israelites
3
Issachar, Zebulun and Benjamin; 13
and reduced them to cruel slavery,
4
Dan and Naphtali; Gad and Asher. 14
making life bitter for them with hard
5
work in mortar and brick and all kinds of
The total number of the direct field work--the whole cruel fate of slaves.
descendants of Jacob was seventy.
Joseph was already in Egypt. 15
The king of Egypt told the Hebrew
6
midwives, one of whom was called
Now Joseph and all his brothers and Shiphrah and the other Puah,
that whole generation died.
16
7
When you act as midwives for the
But the Israelites were fruitful and Hebrew women and see them giving
prolific. They became so numerous and birth, if it is a boy, kill him; but if it is a
strong that the land was filled with them. girl, she may live."
8
Then a new king, who knew nothing of 17
The midwives, however, feared God;
Joseph , came to power in Egypt. they did not do as the king of Egypt had
ordered them, but let the boys live.
9
He said to his subjects, "Look how
numerous and powerful the Israelite 18
So the king summoned the midwives
people are growing, more so than we and asked them, "Why have you acted
ourselves! thus, allowing the boys to live?"
10
Come, let us deal shrewdly with them 19
The midwives answered Pharaoh,
to stop their increase; otherwise, in time "The Hebrew women are not like the
of war they too may join our enemies to Egyptian women. They are robust and
fight against us, and so leave our give birth before the midwife arrives."
country."
20
Therefore God dealt well with the Hebrew women to nurse the child for
midwives. The people, too, increased you?"
and grew strong.
8
"Yes, do so," she answered. So the
21
And because the midwives feared God, maiden went and called the child's own
he built up families for them. mother.

22 9
Pharaoh then commanded all his Pharaoh's daughter said to her, "Take
subjects, "Throw into the river every boy this child and nurse it for me, and I will
that is born to the Hebrews, but you may repay you." The woman therefore took
let all the girls live." the child and nursed it.

10
When the child grew, she brought him
2Now a certain man of the house of to Pharaoh's daughter, who adopted him
as her son and called him Moses; for
Levi married a Levite woman,
she said, "I drew him out of the water."
2
who conceived and bore a son. Seeing 11
that he was a goodly child, she hid him On one occasion, after Moses had
for three months. grown up, when he visited his kinsmen
and witnessed their forced labor, he saw
3 an Egyptian striking a Hebrew, one of
When she could hide him no longer, his own kinsmen.
she took a papyrus basket, daubed it
with bitumen and pitch, and putting the 12
child in it, placed it among the reeds on Looking about and seeing no one, he
the river bank. slew the Egyptian and hid him in the
sand.
4
His sister stationed herself at a 13
distance to find out what would happen The next day he went out again, and
to him. now two Hebrews were fighting! So he
asked the culprit, "Why are you striking
5 your fellow Hebrew?"
Pharaoh's daughter came down to the
river to bathe, while her maids walked 14
along the river bank. Noticing the basket But he replied, "Who has appointed
among the reeds, she sent her you ruler and judge over us? Are you
handmaid to fetch it. thinking of killing me as you killed the
Egyptian?" Then Moses became afraid
6 and thought, "The affair must certainly
On opening it, she looked, and lo, there be known."
was a baby boy, crying! She was moved
with pity for him and said, "It is one of 15
the Hebrews' children." Pharaoh, too, heard of the affair and
sought to put him to death. But Moses
7 fled from him and stayed in the land of
Then his sister asked Pharaoh's
daughter, "Shall I go and call one of the
25
Midian. As he was seated there by a He saw the Israelites and knew. . . .
well,

16
seven daughters of a priest of Midian
came to draw water and fill the troughs
3Meanwhile Moses was tending the
flock of his father-in-law Jethro, the
to water their father's flock. priest of Midian. Leading the flock
17
across the desert, he came to Horeb,
But some shepherds came and drove the mountain of God.
them away. Then Moses got up and
defended them and watered their flock. 2
There an angel of the LORD appeared
18
to him in fire flaming out of a bush. As
When they returned to their father he looked on, he was surprised to see
Reuel, he said to them, "How is it you that the bush, though on fire, was not
have returned so soon today?" consumed.
19
They answered, "An Egyptian saved 3
So Moses decided, "I must go over to
us from the interference of the look at this remarkable sight, and see
shepherds. He even drew water for us why the bush is not burned."
and watered the flock!"
4
20
When the LORD saw him coming over
"Where is the man?" he asked his to look at it more closely, God called out
daughters. "Why did you leave him to him from the bush, "Moses! Moses!"
there? Invite him to have something to He answered, "Here I am."
eat."
5
21
God said, "Come no nearer! Remove
Moses agreed to live with him, and the the sandals from your feet, for the place
man gave him his daughter Zipporah in where you stand is holy ground.
marriage.
6
22
I am the God of your father," he
She bore him a son, whom he named continued, "the God of Abraham, the
Gershom; for he said, "I am a stranger God of Isaac, the God of Jacob." Moses
in a foreign land." hid his face, for he was afraid to look at
God.
23
A long time passed, during which the
king of Egypt died. Still the Israelites 7
But the LORD said, "I have witnessed
groaned and cried out because of their the affliction of my people in Egypt and
slavery. As their cry for release went up have heard their cry of complaint
to God, against their slave drivers, so I know
well what they are suffering.
24
he heard their groaning and was
mindful of his covenant with Abraham, 8
Therefore I have come down to rescue
Isaac and Jacob. them from the hands of the Egyptians
and lead them out of that land into a
good and spacious land, a land flowing God of your fathers, the God of
with milk and honey, the country of the Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, has
Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites, appeared to me and said: I am
Perizzites, Hivites and Jebusites. concerned about you and about the way
you are being treated in Egypt;
9
So indeed the cry of the Israelites has
17
reached me, and I have truly noted that so I have decided to lead you up out of
the Egyptians are oppressing them. the misery of Egypt into the land of the
Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites,
10
Come, now! I will send you to Pharaoh Perizzites, Hivites and Jebusites, a land
to lead my people, the Israelites, out of flowing with milk and honey.
Egypt."
18
"Thus they will heed your message.
11
But Moses said to God, "Who am I that Then you and the elders of Israel shall
I should go to Pharaoh and lead the go to the king of Egypt and say to him:
Israelites out of Egypt?" The LORD, the God of the Hebrews,
has sent us word. Permit us, then, to go
12 a three days' journey in the desert, that
He answered, "I will be with you; and
this shall be your proof that it is I who we may offer sacrifice to the LORD, our
have sent you: when you bring my God.
people out of Egypt, you will worship 19
God on this very mountain." "Yet I know that the king of Egypt will
not allow you to go unless he is forced.
13
"But," said Moses to God, "when I go 20
to the Israelites and say to them, 'The I will stretch out my hand, therefore,
God of your fathers has sent me to you,' and smite Egypt by doing all kinds of
if they ask me, 'What is his name?' what wondrous deeds there. After that he will
am I to tell them?" send you away.

21
14
God replied, "I am who am." Then he I will even make the Egyptians so well-
added, "This is what you shall tell the disposed toward this people that, when
Israelites: I AM sent me to you." you leave, you will not go empty-handed.

22
15
God spoke further to Moses, "Thus Every woman shall ask her neighbor
shall you say to the Israelites: The and her house guest for silver and gold
LORD, the God of your fathers, the God articles and for clothing to put on your
of Abraham, the God of Isaac, the God sons and daughters. Thus you will
of Jacob, has sent me to you. "This is despoil the Egyptians."
my name forever; this is my title for all
generations.

16
4"But," objected Moses, "suppose they
"Go and assemble the elders of the will not believe me, nor listen to my
Israelites, and tell them: The LORD, the
plea? For they may say, 'The LORD did the river will become blood on the dry
not appear to you.'" land."

2 10
The LORD therefore asked him, "What Moses, however, said to the LORD, "If
is that in your hand?" "A staff," he you please, LORD, I have never been
answered. eloquent, neither in the past, nor
recently, nor now that you have spoken
3
The LORD then said, "Throw it on the to your servant; but I am slow of speech
ground." When he threw it on the ground and tongue."
it was changed into a serpent, and
11
Moses shied away from it. The LORD said to him, "Who gives
one man speech and makes another
4
"Now, put out your hand," the LORD deaf and dumb? Or who gives sight to
said to him, "and take hold of its tail." So one and makes another blind? Is it not I,
he put out his hand and laid hold of it, the LORD?
and it became a staff in his hand.
12
Go, then! It is I who will assist you in
5
"This will take place so that they may speaking and will teach you what you
believe," he continued, "that the LORD, are to say."
the God of their fathers, the God of
13
Abraham, the God of Isaac, the God of Yet he insisted, "If you please, Lord,
Jacob, did appear to you." send someone else!"

6 14
Again the LORD said to him, "Put your Then the LORD became angry with
hand in your bosom." He put it in his Moses and said, "Have you not your
bosom, and when he withdrew it, to his brother, Aaron the Levite? I know that
surprise his hand was leprous, like snow. he is an eloquent speaker. Besides, he
is now on his way to meet you.
7
The LORD then said, "Now, put your
15
hand back in your bosom." Moses put When he sees you, his heart will be
his hand back in his bosom, and when glad. You are to speak to him, then, and
he withdrew it, to his surprise it was put the words in his mouth. I will assist
again like the rest of his body. both you and him in speaking and will
teach the two of you what you are to do.
8
"If they will not believe you, nor heed
16
the message of the first sign, they He shall speak to the people for you:
should believe the message of the he shall be your spokesman, and you
second. shall be as God to him.

9 17
And if they will not believe even these Take this staff in your hand; with it you
two signs, nor heed your plea, take are to perform the signs."
some water from the river and pour it on
the dry land. The water you take from
18 27
After this Moses returned to his father- The LORD said to Aaron, "Go into the
in-law Jethro and said to him, "Let me desert to meet Moses." So he went, and
go back, please, to my kinsmen in Egypt, when they met at the mountain of God,
to see whether they are still living." Aaron kissed him.
Jethro replied, "Go in peace."
28
Moses informed him of all the LORD
19
In Midian the LORD said to Moses, had said in sending him, and of the
"Go back to Egypt, for all the men who various signs he had enjoined upon him.
sought your life are dead."
29
Then Moses and Aaron went and
20
So Moses took his wife and his sons, assembled all the elders of the Israelites.
and started back to the land of Egypt,
with them riding the ass. The staff of 30
Aaron told them everything the LORD
God he carried with him. had said to Moses, and he performed
the signs before the people.
21
The LORD said to him, "On your return
to Egypt, see that you perform before 31
The people believed, and when they
Pharaoh all the wonders I have put in heard that the LORD was concerned
your power. I will make him obstinate, about them and had seen their affliction,
however, so that he will not let the they bowed down in worship.
people go.

22
So you shall say to Pharaoh: Thus
says the LORD: Israel is my son, my
5After that, Moses and Aaron went to
first-born. Pharaoh and said, "Thus says the
LORD, the God of Israel: Let my people
23 go, that they may celebrate a feast to
Hence I tell you: Let my son go, that me in the desert."
he may serve me. If you refuse to let
him go, I warn you, I will kill your son, 2
your first-born." Pharaoh answered, "Who is the LORD,
that I should heed his plea to let Israel
24 go? I do not know the LORD; even if I
On the journey, at a place where they did, I would not let Israel go."
spent the night, the Lord came upon
Moses and would have killed him. 3
They replied, "The God of the Hebrews
25 has sent us word. Let us go a three
But Zipporah took a piece of flint and days' journey in the desert, that we may
cut off her son's foreskin and, touching offer sacrifice to the LORD, our God;
his person, she said, "You are a spouse otherwise he will punish us with
of blood to me." pestilence or the sword."
26
Then God let Moses go. At that time 4
The king of Egypt answered them,
she said, "A spouse of blood," in regard "What do you mean, Moses and Aaron,
to the circumcision.
by taking the people away from their same daily amount as when your straw
work? Off to your labor! was supplied."

5 14
Look how numerous the people of the The foremen of the Israelites, whom
land are already," continued Pharaoh, the taskmasters of Pharaoh had placed
"and yet you would give them rest from over them, were beaten, and were
their labor!" asked, "Why have you not completed
your prescribed amount of bricks
6
That very day Pharaoh gave the yesterday and today, as before?"
taskmasters and foremen of the people
15
this order: Then the Israelite foremen came and
made this appeal to Pharaoh: "Why do
7
"You shall no longer supply the people you treat your servants in this manner?
with straw for their brickmaking as you
16
have previously done. Let them go and No straw is supplied to your servants,
gather straw themselves! and still we are told to make bricks.
Look how your servants are beaten! It is
8
Yet you shall levy upon them the same you who are at fault."
quota of bricks as they have previously
17
made. Do not reduce it. They are lazy; Pharaoh answered, "It is just because
that is why they are crying, 'Let us go to you are lazy that you keep saying, 'Let
offer sacrifice to our God.' us go and offer sacrifice to the LORD.'

9 18
Increase the work for the men, so that Off to work, then! Straw shall not be
they keep their mind on it and pay no provided for you, but you must still
attention to lying words." deliver your quota of bricks."

10 19
So the taskmasters and foremen of the The Israelite foremen knew they were
people went out and told them, "Thus in a sorry plight, having been told not to
says Pharaoh: I will not provide you with reduce the daily amount of bricks.
straw.
20
When, therefore, they left Pharaoh and
11
Go and gather the straw yourselves, came upon Moses and Aaron, who were
wherever you can find it. Yet there must waiting to meet them,
not be the slightest reduction in your
work." 21
they said to them, "The LORD look
upon you and judge! You have brought
12
The people, then, scattered throughout us into bad odor with Pharaoh and his
the land of Egypt to gather stubble for servants and have put a sword in their
straw, hands to slay us."

13 22
while the taskmasters kept driving Moses again had recourse to the
them on, saying, "Finish your work, the LORD and said, "Lord, why do you treat
this people so badly? And why did you know that I, the LORD, am your God
send me on such a mission? when I free you from the labor of the
Egyptians
23
Ever since I went to Pharaoh to speak
8
in your name, he has maltreated this and bring you into the land which I
people of yours, and you have done swore to give to Abraham, Isaac and
nothing to rescue them." Jacob. I will give it to you as your own
possession--I, the LORD!"

6Then the LORD answered Moses, 9


But when Moses told this to the
Israelites, they would not listen to him
"Now you shall see what I will do to
Pharaoh. Forced by my mighty hand, he because of their dejection and hard
will send them away; compelled by my slavery.
outstretched arm, he will drive them 10
from his land." Then the LORD said to Moses,

11
2
God also said to Moses, "I am the "Go and tell Pharaoh, king of Egypt, to
LORD. let the Israelites leave his land."

12
3
As God the Almighty I appeared to But Moses protested to the LORD, "If
Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, but my the Israelites would not listen to me,
name, LORD, I did not make known to how can it be that Pharaoh will listen to
them. me, poor speaker that I am!"

13
4
I also established my covenant with Still, the LORD, to bring the Israelites
them, to give them the land of Canaan, out of Egypt, spoke to Moses and Aaron
the land in which they were living as and gave them his orders regarding
aliens. both the Israelites and Pharaoh, king of
Egypt.
5
And now that I have heard the groaning 14
of the Israelites, whom the Egyptians These are the heads of the ancestral
are treating as slaves, I am mindful of houses. The sons of Reuben, the first-
my covenant. born of Israel, were Hanoch, Pallu,
Hezron and Carmi; these are the clans
6
Therefore, say to the Israelites: I am of Reuben.
the LORD. I will free you from the forced 15
labor of the Egyptians and will deliver The sons of Simeon were Jenuel,
you from their slavery. I will rescue you Jamin, Ohad, Jachin, Zohar and Shaul,
by my outstretched arm and with mighty who was the son of a Canaanite
acts of judgment. woman; these are the clans of Simeon.

16
7
I will take you as my own people, and The names of the sons of Levi, in their
you shall have me as your God. You will genealogical order, are Gershon,
27
Kohath and Merari. Levi lived one These are the ones who spoke to
hundred and thirty-seven years. Pharaoh, king of Egypt, to bring the
Israelites out of Egypt--the same Moses
17
The sons of Gershon, as heads of and Aaron.
clans, were Libni and Shimei.
28
On the day the LORD spoke to Moses
18
The sons of Kohath were Amram, in Egypt
Izhar, Hebron and Uzziel. Kohath lived
29
one hundred and thirty-three years. he said, "I am the LORD. Repeat to
Pharaoh, king of Egypt, all that I tell
19
The sons of Merari were Mahli and you."
Mushi. These are the clans of Levi in
30
their genealogical order. But Moses protested to the LORD,
"Since I am a poor speaker, how can it
20
Amram married his aunt Jochebed, be that Pharaoh will listen to me?"
who bore him Aaron, Moses and Miriam.
Amram lived one hundred and thirty-
seven years. 7The LORD answered him, "See! I
21
have made you as God to Pharaoh, and
The sons of Izhar were Korah, Nepheg Aaron your brother shall act as your
and Zichri. prophet.
22
The sons of Uzziel were Mishael, 2
You shall tell him all that I command
Elzaphan and Sithri. you. In turn, your brother Aaron shall tell
Pharaoh to let the Israelites leave his
23
Aaron married Amminadab's daughter, land.
Elisheba, the sister of Nahshon; she
bore him Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar and 3
Yet I will make Pharaoh so obstinate
Ithamar. that, despite the many signs and
wonders that I will work in the land of
24
The sons of Korah were Assir, Egypt,
Elkanah and Abiasaph. These are the
clans of the Korahites. 4
he will not listen to you. Therefore I will
lay my hand on Egypt and by great acts
25
Aaron's son, Eleazar, married one of of judgment I will bring the hosts of my
Putiel's daughters, who bore him people, the Israelites, out of the land of
Phinehas. These are the heads of the Egypt,
ancestral clans of the Levites.
5
so that the Egyptians may learn that I
26
This is the Aaron and this the Moses am the LORD, as I stretch out my hand
to whom the LORD said, "Lead the against Egypt and lead the Israelites out
Israelites from the land of Egypt, of their midst."
company by company."
6 16
Moses and Aaron did as the LORD had Say to him: The LORD, the God of the
commanded them. Hebrews, sent me to you with the
message: Let my people go to worship
7
Moses was eighty years old and Aaron me in the desert. But as yet you have
eighty-three when they spoke to not listened.
Pharaoh.
17
The LORD now says: This is how you
8
The LORD told Moses and Aaron, shall know that I am the LORD. I will
strike the water of the river with the staff
9
"If Pharaoh demands that you work a I hold, and it shall be changed into blood.
sign or wonder, you shall say to Aaron: 18
Take your staff and throw it down before The fish in the river shall die, and the
Pharaoh, and it will be changed into a river itself shall become so polluted that
snake." the Egyptians will be unable to drink its
water."
10
Then Moses and Aaron went to 19
Pharaoh and did as the LORD had The LORD then said to Moses, "Say to
commanded. Aaron threw his staff down Aaron: Take your staff and stretch out
before Pharaoh and his servants, and it your hand over the waters of Egypt--
was changed into a snake. their streams and canals and pools, all
their supplies of water--that they may
11
Pharaoh, in turn, summoned wise men become blood. Throughout the land of
Egypt there shall be blood, even in the
and sorcerers, and they also, the
magicians of Egypt, did likewise by their wooden pails and stone jars."
magic arts. 20
Moses and Aaron did as the LORD
12
Each one threw down his staff, and it had commanded. Aaron raised his staff
and struck the waters of the river in full
was changed into a snake. But Aaron's
staff swallowed their staffs. view of Pharaoh and his servants, and
all the water of the river was changed
13 into blood.
Pharaoh, however, was obstinate and
would not listen to them, just as the 21
The fish in the river died, and the river
LORD had foretold.
itself became so polluted that the
14 Egyptians could not drink its water.
Then the LORD said to Moses, There was blood throughout the land of
"Pharaoh is obdurate in refusing to let Egypt.
the people go.
22
15 But the Egyptian magicians did the
Tomorrow morning, when he sets out same by their magic arts. So Pharaoh
for the water, go and present yourself by remained obstinate and would not listen
the river bank, holding in your hand the to Moses and Aaron, just as the LORD
staff that turned into a serpent. had foretold.
23 4
He turned away and went into his Then Pharaoh summoned Moses and
house, with no concern even for this. Aaron and said, "Pray the LORD to
remove the frogs from me and my
24
All the Egyptians had to dig in the subjects, and I will let the people go to
neighborhood of the river for drinking offer sacrifice to the LORD."
water, since they could not drink the
5
river water. Moses answered Pharaoh, "Do me the
favor of appointing the time when I am
25
Seven days passed after the LORD to pray for you and your servants and
had struck the river. your subjects, that the frogs may be
taken away from you and your houses
26
Then the LORD said to Moses, "Go to and be left only in the river."
Pharaoh and tell him: Thus says the 6
LORD: Let my people go to worship me. "Tomorrow," said Pharaoh. Then
Moses replied, "It shall be as you have
27
If you refuse to let them go, I warn you, said, so that you may learn that there is
I will send a plague of frogs over all your none like the LORD, our God.
territory. 7
The frogs shall leave you and your
28 houses, your servants and your
The river will teem with frogs. They will
come up into your palace and into your subjects; only in the river shall they be
bedroom and onto your bed, into the left."
houses of your servants, too, and your 8
subjects, even into your ovens and your After Moses and Aaron left Pharaoh's
kneading bowls. presence, Moses implored the LORD to
fulfill the promise he had made to
29
The frogs will swarm all over you and Pharaoh about the frogs;
your subjects and your servants." 9
and the LORD did as Moses had asked.
The frogs in the houses and courtyards
8The LORD then told Moses, "Say to and fields died off.

Aaron: Stretch out your hand and your 10


Heaps and heaps of them were
staff over the streams and canals and gathered up, and there was a stench in
pools, to make frogs overrun the land of the land.
Egypt."
11
2 But when Pharaoh saw that there was
Aaron stretched out his hand over the a respite, he became obdurate and
waters of Egypt, and the frogs came up would not listen to them, just as the
and covered the land of Egypt. LORD had foretold.
3
But the magicians did the same by their 12
Thereupon the LORD said to Moses,
magic arts. They, too, made frogs "Tell Aaron to stretch out his staff and
overrun the land of Egypt.
19
strike the dust of the earth, that it may I will make this distinction between my
be turned into gnats throughout the land people and your people. This sign shall
of Egypt." take place tomorrow."

13 20
They did so. Aaron stretched out his This the LORD did. Thick swarms of
hand, and with his staff he struck the flies entered the house of Pharaoh and
dust of the earth, and gnats came upon the houses of his servants; throughout
man and beast. The dust of the earth Egypt the land was infested with flies.
was turned into gnats throughout the
land of Egypt. 21
Then Pharaoh summoned Moses and
Aaron and said to them, "Go and offer
14
Though the magicians tried to bring sacrifice to your God in this land."
forth gnats by their magic arts, they
could not do so. As the gnats infested 22
But Moses replied, "It is not right to do
man and beast, so, for the sacrifices we offer to the
LORD, our God, are an abomination to
15
the magicians said to Pharaoh, "This is the Egyptians. If before their very eyes
the finger of God." Yet Pharaoh we offer sacrifices which are an
remained obstinate and would not listen abomination to them, will not the
to them, just as the LORD had foretold. Egyptians stone us?

16 23
Again the LORD told Moses, "Early We must go a three days' journey in
tomorrow morning present yourself to the desert to offer sacrifice to the LORD,
Pharaoh when he goes forth to the our God, as he commands us."
water, and say to him: Thus says the
LORD: Let my people go to worship me. 24
"Well, then," said Pharaoh, "I will let
you go to offer sacrifice to the LORD,
17
If you will not let my people go, I warn your God, in the desert, provided that
you, I will loose swarms of flies upon you do not go too far away and that you
you and your servants and your subjects pray for me."
and your houses. The houses of the
Egyptians and the very ground on which 25
Moses answered, "As soon as I leave
they stand shall be filled with swarms of your presence I will pray to the LORD
flies. that the flies may depart tomorrow from
Pharaoh and his servants and his
18
But on that day I will make an subjects. Pharaoh, however, must not
exception of the land of Goshen: there play false again by refusing to let the
shall be no flies where my people dwell, people go to offer sacrifice to the
that you may know that I am the LORD LORD."
in the midst of the earth.
26
When Moses left Pharaoh's presence,
he prayed to the LORD;
27 8
and the LORD did as Moses had Then the LORD said to Moses and
asked. He removed the flies from Aaron, "Take a double handful of soot
Pharaoh and his servants and subjects. from a furnace, and in the presence of
Not one remained. Pharaoh let Moses scatter it toward the
sky.
28
But once more Pharaoh became
9
obdurate and would not let the people It will then turn into fine dust over the
go. whole land of Egypt and cause festering
boils on man and beast throughout the
land."
9Then the LORD said to Moses, "Go 10
So they took soot from a furnace and
to Pharaoh and tell him: Thus says the
LORD, the God of the Hebrews: Let my stood in the presence of Pharaoh.
people go to worship me. Moses scattered it toward the sky, and it
caused festering boils on man and beast.
2
If you refuse to let them go and persist 11
in holding them, The magicians could not stand in
Moses' presence, for there were boils on
3 the magicians no less than on the rest of
I warn you, the LORD will afflict all your the Egyptians.
livestock in the field--your horses, asses,
camels, herds and flocks--with a very 12
severe pestilence. But the LORD made Pharaoh
obstinate, and he would not listen to
4 them, just as the LORD had foretold to
But the LORD will distinguish between Moses.
the livestock of Israel and that of Egypt,
so that none belonging to the Israelites 13
will die." Then the LORD told Moses, "Early
tomorrow morning present yourself to
5 Pharaoh and say to him: Thus says the
And setting a definite time, the LORD LORD, the God of the Hebrews: Let my
added, "Tomorrow the LORD shall do people go to worship me,
this in the land."
14
6 or this time I will hurl all my blows
And on the next day the LORD did so. upon you and your servants and your
All the livestock of the Egyptians died, subjects, that you may know that there
but not one beast belonging to the is none like me anywhere on earth.
Israelites.
15
7 For by now I would have stretched out
But though Pharaoh's messengers my hand and struck you and your
informed him that not even one beast subjects with such pestilence as would
belonging to the Israelites had died, he wipe you from the earth.
still remained obdurate and would not let
the people go.
16
But this is why I have spared you: to again: he with his servants became
show you my power and to make my obdurate,
name resound throughout the earth!
24
and lightning constantly flashed
17
Will you still block the way for my through the hail, such fierce hail as had
people by refusing to let them go? never been seen in the land since Egypt
became a nation.
18
I warn you, then, tomorrow at this hour
25
I will rain down such fierce hail as there It struck down every man and beast
has never been in Egypt from the day that was in the open throughout the land
the nation was founded up to the of Egypt; it beat down every growing
present. thing and splintered every tree in the
fields.
19
Therefore, order all your livestock and
26
whatever else you have in the open Only in the land of Goshen, where the
fields to be brought to a place of safety. Israelites dwelt, was there no hail.
Whatever man or beast remains in the
fields and is not brought to shelter shall 27
Then Pharaoh summoned Moses and
die when the hail comes upon them." Aaron and said to them, "I have sinned
again! The LORD is just; it is I and my
20
Some of Pharaoh's servants feared subjects who are at fault.
the warning of the LORD and hurried
their servants and livestock off to shelter. 28
Pray to the LORD, for we have had
enough of God's thunder and hail. Then
21
Others, however, did not take the I will let you go; you need stay no
warning of the LORD to heart and left longer."
their servants and livestock in the fields.
29
Moses replied, "As soon as I leave the
22
The LORD then said to Moses, city I will extend my hands to the LORD;
"Stretch out your hand toward the sky, the thunder will cease, and there will be
that hail may fall upon the entire land of no more hail. Thus you shall learn that
Egypt, on man and beast and every the earth is the LORD'S.
growing thing in the land of Egypt."
30
But you and your servants, I know, do
23
When Moses stretched out his staff not yet fear the LORD God."
toward the sky, the LORD sent forth hail
and peals of thunder. Lightning flashed 31
Now the flax and the barley were
toward the earth, and the LORD rained ruined, because the barley was in ear
down hail upon the land of Egypt; and the flax in bud.
23
But Pharaoh, seeing that the rain and 32
But the wheat and the spelt were not
hail and thunder had ceased, sinned ruined, for they grow later.
33
When Moses had left Pharaoh's Egyptians; such a sight your fathers or
presence and had gone out of the city, grandfathers have not seen from the
he extended his hands to the LORD. day they first settled on this soil up to
Then the thunder and the hail ceased, the present day." With that he turned
and the rain no longer poured down and left Pharaoh.
upon the earth.
7
But Pharaoh's servants said to him,
35
and in his obstinacy he would not let "How long must he be a menace to us?
the Israelites go, as the LORD had Let the men go to worship the LORD,
foretold through Moses. their God. Do you not yet realize that
Egypt is being destroyed?"

10Then the LORD said to Moses, 8


So Moses and Aaron were brought
back to Pharaoh, who said to them,
"Go to Pharaoh, for I have made him
and his servants obdurate in order that I "You may go and worship the LORD,
may perform these signs of mine among your God. But how many of you will go?"
them 9
"Young and old must go with us,"
2
and that you may recount to your son Moses answered, "our sons and
and grandson how ruthlessly I dealt with daughters as well as our flocks and
the Egyptians and what signs I wrought herds must accompany us. That is what
among them, so that you may know that a feast of the LORD means to us."
I am the LORD." 10
"The LORD help you," Pharaoh replied,
3
So Moses and Aaron went to Pharaoh "if I ever let your little ones go with you!
and told him, "Thus says the LORD, the Clearly, you have some evil in mind.
God of the Hebrews: How long will you 11
refuse to submit to me? Let my people No, no! Just you men can go and
go to worship me. worship the LORD. After all, that is what
you want." With that they were driven
4
If you refuse to let my people go, I warn from Pharaoh's presence.
you, tomorrow I will bring locusts into 12
your country. The LORD then said to Moses,
"Stretch out your hand over the land of
5
They shall cover the ground, so that the Egypt, that locusts may swarm over it
ground itself will not be visible. They and eat up all the vegetation and
shall eat up the remnant you saved whatever the hail has left."
unhurt from the hail, as well as all the 13
foliage that has since sprouted in your So Moses stretched out his staff over
fields. the land of Egypt, and the LORD sent
an east wind blowing over the land all
6
They shall fill your houses and the that day and all that night. At dawn the
houses of your servants and of all the east wind brought the locusts.
14
They swarmed over the whole land of darkness throughout the land of Egypt
Egypt and settled down on every part of for three days.
it. Never before had there been such a
fierce swarm of locusts, nor will there 23
Men could not see one another, nor
ever be. could they move from where they were,
for three days. But all the Israelites had
15
They covered the surface of the whole light where they dwelt.
land, till it was black with them. They ate
up all the vegetation in the land and the 24
Pharaoh then summoned Moses and
fruit of whatever trees the hail had Aaron and said, "Go and worship the
spared. Nothing green was left on any LORD. Your little ones, too, may go with
tree or plant throughout the land of you. But your flocks and herds must
Egypt. remain."
16
Hastily Pharaoh summoned Moses 25
Moses replied, "You must also grant
and Aaron and said, "I have sinned us sacrifices and holocausts to offer up
against the LORD, your God, and to the LORD, our God.
against you.
26
17
Hence, our livestock also must go with
But now, do forgive me my sin once us. Not an animal must be left behind.
more, and pray the LORD, your God, to Some of them we must sacrifice to the
take at least this deadly pest from me." LORD, our God, but we ourselves shall
not know which ones we must sacrifice
18
When Moses left the presence of to him until we arrive at the place itself."
Pharaoh, he prayed to the LORD,
27
But the LORD made Pharaoh
19
and the LORD changed the wind to a obstinate, and he would not let them go.
very strong west wind, which took up the
locusts and hurled them into the Red 28
"Leave my presence," Pharaoh said to
Sea. But though not a single locust him, "and see to it that you do not
remained within the confines of Egypt, appear before me again! The day you
appear before me you shall die!"
20
the LORD made Pharaoh obstinate,
and he would not let the Israelites go. 29
Moses replied, "Well said! I will never
appear before you again."
21
Then the LORD said to Moses,
"Stretch out your hand toward the sky,
that over the land of Egypt there may be
such intense darkness that one can feel
11Then the LORD told Moses, "One
it." more plague will I bring upon Pharaoh
and upon Egypt. After that he will let you
22 depart. In fact, he will not merely let you
So Moses stretched out his hand go; he will drive you away.
toward the sky, and there was dense
2 10
Instruct your people that every man is Thus, although Moses and Aaron
to ask his neighbor, and every woman performed these various wonders in
her neighbor, for silver and gold articles Pharaoh's presence, the LORD made
and for clothing." Pharaoh obstinate, and he would not let
the Israelites leave his land.
3
The LORD indeed made the Egyptians
well-disposed toward the people; Moses
himself was very highly regarded by
Pharaoh's servants and the people in
12 The LORD said to Moses and
Aaron in the land of Egypt,
the land of Egypt.
2
4 "This month shall stand at the head of
Moses then said, "Thus says the your calendar; you shall reckon it the
LORD: At midnight I will go forth through first month of the year.
Egypt.
3
5 Tell the whole community of Israel: On
Every first-born in this land shall die, the tenth of this month every one of your
from the first-born of Pharaoh on the families must procure for itself a lamb,
throne to the first-born of the slave-girl one apiece for each household.
at the handmill, as well as all the first-
born of the animals. 4
If a family is too small for a whole lamb,
6 it shall join the nearest household in
Then there shall be loud wailing procuring one and shall share in the
throughout the land of Egypt, such as lamb in proportion to the number of
has never been, nor will ever be again. persons who partake of it.
7
But among the Israelites and their 5
The lamb must be a year-old male and
animals not even a dog shall growl, so without blemish. You may take it from
that you may know how the LORD either the sheep or the goats.
distinguishes between the Egyptians
and the Israelites. 6
You shall keep it until the fourteenth
8 day of this month, and then, with the
All these servants of yours shall then whole assembly of Israel present, it shall
come down to me, and prostrate before be slaughtered during the evening
me, they shall beg me, 'Leave us, you twilight.
and all your followers!' Only then will I
depart." With that he left Pharaoh's 7
presence in hot anger. They shall take some of its blood and
apply it to the two doorposts and the
9 lintel of every house in which they
The LORD said to Moses, "Pharaoh partake of the lamb.
refuses to listen to you that my wonders
may be multiplied in the land of Egypt." 8
That same night they shall eat its
roasted flesh with unleavened bread
and bitter herbs.
9 17
It shall not be eaten raw or boiled, but "Keep, then, this custom of the
roasted whole, with its head and shanks unleavened bread. Since it was on this
and inner organs. very day that I brought your ranks out of
the land of Egypt, you must celebrate
10
None of it must be kept beyond the this day throughout your generations as
next morning; whatever is left over in the a perpetual institution.
morning shall be burned up.
18
From the evening of the fourteenth day
11
"This is how you are to eat it: with your of the first month until the evening of the
loins girt, sandals on your feet and your twenty-first day of this month you shall
staff in hand, you shall eat like those eat unleavened bread.
who are in flight. It is the Passover of
19
the LORD. For seven days no leaven may be
found in your houses. Anyone, be he a
12
For on this same night I will go through resident alien or a native, who eats
Egypt, striking down every first--born of leavened food shall be cut off from the
the land, both man and beast, and community of Israel.
executing judgment on all the gods of
20
Egypt-I, the LORD! Nothing leavened may you eat;
wherever you dwell you may eat only
13
But the blood will mark the houses unleavened bread."
where you are. Seeing the blood, I will
21
pass over you; thus, when I strike the Moses called all the elders of Israel
land of Egypt, no destructive blow will and said to them, "Go and procure
come upon you. lambs for your families, and slaughter
them as Passover victims.
14
"This day shall be a memorial feast for
22
you, which all your generations shall Then take a bunch of hyssop, and
celebrate with pilgrimage to the LORD, dipping it in the blood that is in the basin,
as a perpetual institution. sprinkle the lintel and the two doorposts
with this blood. But none of you shall go
15
For seven days you must eat outdoors until morning.
unleavened bread. From the very first
23
day you shall have your houses clear of For the LORD will go by, striking down
all leaven. Whoever eats leavened the Egyptians. Seeing the blood on the
bread from the first day to the seventh lintel and the two doorposts, the LORD
shall be cut off from Israel. will pass over that door and not let the
destroyer come into your houses to
16
On the first day you shall hold a strike you down.
sacred assembly, and likewise on the
24
seventh. On these days you shall not do "You shall observe this as a perpetual
any sort of work, except to prepare the ordinance for yourselves and your
food that everyone needs. descendants.
25
Thus, you must also observe this rite from the land; they thought that
when you have entered the land which otherwise they would all die.
the LORD will give you as he promised.
34
The people, therefore, took their
26
When your children ask you, 'What dough before it was leavened, in their
does this rite of yours mean?' kneading bowls wrapped in their cloaks
on their shoulders.
27
you shall reply, 'This is the Passover
35
sacrifice of the LORD, who passed over The Israelites did as Moses had
the houses of the Israelites in Egypt; commanded: they asked the Egyptians
when he struck down the Egyptians, he for articles of silver and gold and for
spared our houses.'" Then the people clothing.
bowed down in worship,
36
The LORD indeed had made the
28
and the Israelites went and did as the Egyptians so well-disposed toward the
LORD had commanded Moses and people that they let them have whatever
Aaron. they asked for. Thus did they despoil the
Egyptians.
29
At midnight the LORD slew every first-
37
born in the land of Egypt, from the first- The Israelites set out from Rameses
born of Pharaoh on the throne to the for Succoth, about six hundred thousand
first-born of the prisoner in the dungeon, men on foot, not counting the children.
as well as all the first-born of the
animals. 38
A crowd of mixed ancestry also went
up with them, besides their livestock,
30
Pharaoh arose in the night, he and all very numerous flocks and herds.
his servants and all the Egyptians; and
there was loud wailing throughout Egypt, 39
Since the dough they had brought out
for there was not a house without its of Egypt was not leavened, they baked it
dead. into unleavened loaves. They had been
rushed out of Egypt and had no
31
During the night Pharaoh summoned opportunity even to prepare food for the
Moses and Aaron and said, "Leave my journey.
people at once, you and the Israelites
with you! Go and worship the LORD as 40
The time the Israelites had stayed in
you said. Egypt was four hundred and thirty years.
32
Take your flocks, too, and your herds, 41
At the end of four hundred and thirty
as you demanded, and be gone; and years, all the hosts of the LORD left the
you will be doing me a favor." land of Egypt on this very date.
33
The Egyptians likewise urged the 42
This was a night of vigil for the LORD,
people on, to hasten their departure as he led them out of the land of Egypt;
so on this same night all the Israelites
must keep a vigil for the LORD
throughout their generations.
13The LORD spoke to Moses and
said,
43
The LORD said to Moses and Aaron, 2
"Consecrate to me every first-born that
"These are the regulations for the opens the womb among the Israelites,
Passover. No foreigner may partake of it. both of man and beast, for it belongs to
44
me."
However, any slave who has been
bought for money may partake of it, 3
Moses said to the people, "Remember
provided you have first circumcised him. this day on which you came out of Egypt,
45
that place of slavery. It was with a
But no transient alien or hired servant strong hand that the LORD brought you
may partake of it. away. Nothing made with leaven must
be eaten.
46
It must be eaten in one and the same
house; you may not take any of its flesh 4
This day of your departure is in the
outside the house. You shall not break month of Abib.
any of its bones.
5
47
Therefore, it is in this month that you
The whole community of Israel must must celebrate this rite, after the LORD,
keep this feast. your God, has brought you into the land
of the Canaanites, Hittites, Amorites,
48
If any aliens living among you wish to Hivites and Jebusites, which he swore
celebrate the Passover of the LORD, all to your fathers he would give you, a land
the males among them must first be flowing with milk and honey.
circumcised, and then they may join in
its observance just like the natives. But 6
For seven days you shall eat
no man who is uncircumcised may unleavened bread, and the seventh day
partake of it. shall also be a festival to the LORD.
49
The law shall be the same for the 7
Only unleavened bread may be eaten
resident alien as for the native." during the seven days; no leaven and
nothing leavened may be found in all
50
All the Israelites did just as the LORD your territory.
had commanded Moses and Aaron.
8
On this day you shall explain to your
51
On that same day the LORD brought son, 'This is because of what the LORD
the Israelites out of Egypt company by did for me when I came out of Egypt.'
company.
9
It shall be as a sign on your hand and
as a reminder on your forehead; thus
the law of the LORD will ever be on your
lips, because with a strong hand the Philistines' land, though this was the
LORD brought you out of Egypt. nearest; for he thought, should the
people see that they would have to fight,
10
Therefore, you shall keep this they might change their minds and
prescribed rite at its appointed time from return to Egypt.
year to year.
18
Instead, he rerouted them toward the
11
"When the LORD, your God, has Red Sea by way of the desert road. In
brought you into the land of the battle array the Israelites marched out of
Canaanites, which he swore to you and Egypt.
your fathers he would give you,
19
Moses also took Joseph's bones along,
12
you shall dedicate to the LORD every for Joseph had made the Israelites
son that opens the womb; and all the swear solemnly that, when God should
male firstlings of your animals shall come to them, they would carry his
belong to the LORD. bones away with them.

20
13
Every first-born of an ass you shall Setting out from Succoth, they camped
redeem with a sheep. If you do not at Etham near the edge of the desert.
redeem it, you shall break its neck.
21
Every first-born son you must redeem. The LORD preceded them, in the
daytime by means of a column of cloud
14
If your son should ask you later on, to show them the way, and at night by
'What does this mean?' you shall tell means of a column of fire to give them
him, 'With a strong hand the LORD light. Thus they could travel both day
brought us out of Egypt, that place of and night.
slavery.
22
Neither the column of cloud by day nor
15
When Pharaoh stubbornly refused to the column of fire by night ever left its
let us go, the LORD killed every first- place in front of the people.
born in the land of Egypt, every first-
born of man and of beast. That is why I
sacrifice to the LORD everything of the
male sex that opens the womb, and why
14Then the LORD said to Moses,
I redeem every first-born of my sons.' 2
"Tell the Israelites to turn about and
16 camp before Pi-hahiroth, between
Let this, then, be as a sign on your Migdol and the sea. You shall camp in
hand and as a pendant on your front of Baal-zephon, just opposite, by
forehead: with a strong hand the LORD the sea.
brought us out of Egypt."
3
17 Pharaoh will then say, 'The Israelites
Now, when Pharaoh let the people go, are wandering about aimlessly in the
God did not lead them by way of the land. The desert has closed in on them.'
4 12
Thus will I make Pharaoh so obstinate Did we not tell you this in Egypt, when
that he will pursue them. Then I will we said, 'Leave us alone. Let us serve
receive glory through Pharaoh and all the Egyptians'? Far better for us to be
his army, and the Egyptians will know the slaves of the Egyptians than to die in
that I am the LORD." This the Israelites the desert."
did.
13
But Moses answered the people, "Fear
5
When it was reported to the king of not! Stand your ground, and you will see
Egypt that the people had fled, Pharaoh the victory the LORD will win for you
and his servants changed their minds today. These Egyptians whom you see
about them. "What have we done!" they today you will never see again.
exclaimed. "Why, we have released
Israel from our service!" 14
The LORD himself will fight for you;
you have only to keep still."
6
So Pharaoh made his chariots ready
and mustered his soldiers-- 15
Then the LORD said to Moses, "Why
are you crying out to me? Tell the
7
six hundred first-class chariots and all Israelites to go forward.
the other chariots of Egypt, with warriors
on them all. 16
And you, lift up your staff and, with
hand outstretched over the sea, split the
8
So obstinate had the LORD made sea in two, that the Israelites may pass
Pharaoh that he pursued the Israelites through it on dry land.
even while they were marching away in
triumph. 17
But I will make the Egyptians so
obstinate that they will go in after them.
9
The Egyptians, then, pursued them; Then I will receive glory through
Pharaoh's whole army, his horses, Pharaoh and all his army, his chariots
chariots and charioteers, caught up with and charioteers.
them as they lay encamped by the sea,
at Pi-hahiroth, in front of Baal-zephon. 18
The Egyptians shall know that I am the
LORD, when I receive glory through
10
Pharaoh was already near when the Pharaoh and his chariots and
Israelites looked up and saw that the charioteers."
Egyptians were on the march in pursuit
of them. In great fright they cried out to 19
The angel of God, who had been
the LORD. leading Israel's camp, now moved and
went around behind them. The column
11
And they complained to Moses, "Were of cloud also, leaving the front, took up
there no burial places in Egypt that you its place behind them,
had to bring us out here to die in the
desert? Why did you do this to us? Why 20
so that it came between the camp of
did you bring us out of Egypt? the Egyptians and that of Israel. But the
28
cloud now became dark, and thus the As the water flowed back, it covered
night passed without the rival camps the chariots and the charioteers of
coming any closer together all night long. Pharaoh's whole army which had
followed the Israelites into the sea. Not
21
Then Moses stretched out his hand a single one of them escaped.
over the sea, and the LORD swept the
29
sea with a strong east wind throughout But the Israelites had marched on dry
the night and so turned it into dry land. land through the midst of the sea, with
When the water was thus divided, the water like a wall to their right and to
their left.
22
the Israelites marched into the midst of
30
the sea on dry land, with the water like a Thus the LORD saved Israel on that
wall to their right and to their left. day from the power of the Egyptians.
When Israel saw the Egyptians lying
23
The Egyptians followed in pursuit; all dead on the seashore
Pharaoh's horses and chariots and
31
charioteers went after them right into the and beheld the great power that the
midst of the sea. LORD had shown against the Egyptians,
they feared the LORD and believed in
24
In the night watch just before dawn the him and in his servant Moses.
LORD cast through the column of the
fiery cloud upon the Egyptian force a
glance that threw it into a panic; 15 Then Moses and the Israelites
25
sang this song to the LORD: I will sing
and he so clogged their chariot wheels to the LORD, for he is gloriously
that they could hardly drive. With that triumphant; horse and chariot he has
the Egyptians sounded the retreat cast into the sea.
before Israel, because the LORD was
fighting for them against the Egyptians. 2
My strength and my courage is the
26
LORD, and he has been my savior. He
Then the LORD told Moses, "Stretch is my God, I praise him; the God of my
out your hand over the sea, that the father, I extol him.
water may flow back upon the Egyptians,
upon their chariots and their 3
The LORD is a warrior, LORD is his
charioteers." name!
27
So Moses stretched out his hand over 4
Pharaoh's chariots and army he hurled
the sea, and at dawn the sea flowed into the sea; the elite of his officers were
back to its normal depth. The Egyptians submerged in the Red Sea.
were fleeing head on toward the sea,
when the LORD hurled them into its 5
midst. The flood waters covered them, they
sank into the depths like a stone.
6 16
Your right hand, O LORD, magnificent terror and dread fell upon them. By the
in power, your right hand, O LORD, has might of your arm they were frozen like
shattered the enemy. stone, while your people, O LORD,
passed over, while the people you had
7
In your great majesty you overthrew made your own passed over.
your adversaries; you loosed your wrath
17
to consume them like stubble. And you brought them in and planted
them on the mountain of your
8
At a breath of your anger the waters inheritance-- the place where you made
piled up, the flowing waters stood like a your seat, O LORD, the sanctuary, O
mound, the flood waters congealed in LORD, which your hands established.
the midst of the sea.
18
The LORD shall reign forever and ever.
9
The enemy boasted, "I will pursue and
19
overtake them; I will divide the spoils They sang thus because Pharaoh's
and have my fill of them; I will draw my horses and chariots and charioteers had
sword; my hand shall despoil them!" gone into the sea, and the LORD made
the waters of the sea flow back upon
10
When your wind blew, the sea covered them, though the Israelites had marched
them; like lead they sank in the mighty on dry land through the midst of the sea.
waters.
20
The prophetess Miriam, Aaron's sister,
11
Who is like to you among the gods, O took a tambourine in her hand, while all
LORD? Who is like to you, magnificent the women went out after her with
in holiness? O terrible in renown, worker tambourines, dancing;
of wonders,
21
and she led them in the refrain: Sing to
12
when you stretched out your right the LORD, for he is gloriously
hand, the earth swallowed them! triumphant; horse and chariot he has
cast into the sea.
13
In your mercy you led the people you 22
redeemed; in your strength you guided Then Moses led Israel forward from
them to your holy dwelling. the Red Sea, and they marched out to
the desert of Shur. After traveling for
14 three days through the desert without
The nations heard and quaked;
anguish gripped the dwellers in Philistia. finding water,

23
15
Then were the princes of Edom they arrived at Marah, where they
could not drink the water, because it
dismayed; trembling seized the
was too bitter. Hence this place was
chieftains of Moab; All the dwellers in
Canaan melted away; called Marah.
24 4
As the people grumbled against Then the LORD said to Moses, "I will
Moses, saying, "What are we to drink?" now rain down bread from heaven for
you. Each day the people are to go out
25
he appealed to the LORD, who and gather their daily portion; thus will I
pointed out to him a certain piece of test them, to see whether they follow my
wood. When he threw this into the water, instructions or not.
the water became fresh.It was here that
5
the LORD, in making rules and On the sixth day, however, when they
regulations for them, put them to the test. prepare what they bring in, let it be twice
as much as they gather on the other
26
"If you really listen to the voice of the days."
LORD, your God," he told them, "and do
6
what is right in his eyes: if you heed his So Moses and Aaron told all the
commandments and keep all his Israelites, "At evening you will know that
precepts, I will not afflict you with any of it was the LORD who brought you out of
the diseases with which I afflicted the the land of Egypt;
Egyptians; for I, the LORD, am your
healer." 7
and in the morning you will see the
glory of the LORD, as he heeds your
27
Then they came to Elim, where there grumbling against him. But what are we
were twelve springs of water and that you should grumble against us?
seventy palm trees, and they camped
there near the water. 8
When the LORD gives you flesh to eat
in the evening," continued Moses, "and
in the morning your fill of bread, as he
16Having set out from Elim, the heeds the grumbling you utter against
him, what then are we? Your grumbling
whole Israelite community came into the
desert of Sin, which is between Elim and is not against us, but against the
Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second LORD."
month after their departure from the land 9
of Egypt. Then Moses said to Aaron, "Tell the
whole Israelite community: Present
2
Here in the desert the whole Israelite yourselves before the LORD, for he has
community grumbled against Moses and heard your grumbling."
Aaron. 10
When Aaron announced this to the
3
The Israelites said to them, "Would that whole Israelite community, they turned
we had died at the LORD'S hand in the toward the desert, and lo, the glory of
land of Egypt, as we sat by our fleshpots the LORD appeared in the cloud!
and ate our fill of bread! But you had to 11
lead us into this desert to make the The LORD spoke to Moses and said,
whole community die of famine!"
12 20
"I have heard the grumbling of the But they would not listen to him. When
Israelites. Tell them: In the evening some kept a part of it over until the
twilight you shall eat flesh, and in the following morning, it became wormy and
morning you shall have your fill of bread, rotten. Therefore Moses was displeased
so that you may know that I, the LORD, with them.
am your God."
21
Morning after morning they gathered it,
13
In the evening quail came up and till each had enough to eat; but when
covered the camp. In the morning a dew the sun grew hot, the manna melted
lay all about the camp, away.

14 22
and when the dew evaporated, there On the sixth day they gathered twice
on the surface of the desert were fine as much food, two omers for each
flakes like hoarfrost on the ground. person. When all the leaders of the
community came and reported this to
15
On seeing it, the Israelites asked one Moses,
another, "What is this?" for they did not
23
know what it was. But Moses told them, he told them, "That is what the LORD
"This is the bread which the LORD has prescribed. Tomorrow is a day of
given you to eat. complete rest, the sabbath, sacred to
the LORD. You may either bake or boil
16
"Now, this is what the LORD has the manna, as you please; but whatever
commanded. So gather it that everyone is left put away and keep for the
has enough to eat, an omer for each morrow."
person, as many of you as there are,
24
each man providing for those of his own When they put it away for the morrow,
tent." as Moses commanded, it did not
become rotten or wormy.
17
The Israelites did so. Some gathered a
25
large and some a small amount. Moses then said, "Eat it today, for
today is the sabbath of the LORD. On
18
But when they measured it out by the this day you will not find any of it on the
omer, he who had gathered a large ground.
amount did not have too much, and he
26
who had gathered a small amount did On the other six days you can gather it,
not have too little. They so gathered that but on the seventh day, the sabbath,
everyone had enough to eat. none of it will be there."

19 27
Moses also told them, "Let no one Still, on the seventh day some of the
keep any of it over until tomorrow people went out to gather it, although
morning." they did not find any.
28
Then the LORD said to Moses, "How
long will you refuse to keep my
commandments and laws?
17 From the desert of Sin the whole
Israelite community journeyed by stages,
29
as the LORD directed, and encamped at
Take note! The LORD has given you Rephidim. Here there was no water for
the sabbath. That is why on the sixth the people to drink.
day he gives you food for two days. On
the seventh day everyone is to stay 2
They quarreled, therefore, with Moses
home and no one is to go out." and said, "Give us water to drink."
30
Moses replied, "Why do you quarrel with
After that the people rested on the me? Why do you put the LORD to a
seventh day. test?"
31
The Israelites called this food manna. 3
Here, then, in their thirst for water, the
It was like coriander seed, but white, people grumbled against Moses, saying,
and it tasted like wafers made with "Why did you ever make us leave
honey. Egypt? Was it just to have us die here of
thirst with our children and our
32
Moses said, "This is what the LORD livestock?"
has commanded. Keep an omerful of
manna for your descendants, that they 4
So Moses cried out to the LORD,
may see what food I gave you to eat in "What shall I do with this people? A little
the desert when I brought you out of the more and they will stone me!"
land of Egypt."
5
33
The LORD answered Moses, "Go over
Moses then told Aaron, "Take an urn there in front of the people, along with
and put an omer of manna in it. Then some of the elders of Israel, holding in
place it before the LORD in safekeeping your hand, as you go, the staff with
for your descendants." which you struck the river.
34
So Aaron placed it in front of the 6
I will be standing there in front of you
commandments for safekeeping, as the on the rock in Horeb. Strike the rock,
LORD had commanded Moses. and the water will flow from it for the
people to drink." This Moses did, in the
35
The Israelites ate this manna for forty presence of the elders of Israel.
years, until they came to settled land;
they ate manna until they reached the 7
The place was called Massah and
borders of Canaan. Meribah, because the Israelites
quarreled there and tested the LORD,
36
(An omer is one tenth of an ephah.) saying, "Is the LORD in our midst or
not?"
8
At Rephidim, Amalek came and waged
war against Israel. 18 Now Moses' father-in-law Jethro,
9
the priest of Midian, heard of all that
Moses, therefore, said to Joshua, "Pick God had done for Moses and for his
out certain men, and tomorrow go out people Israel: how the LORD had
and engage Amalek in battle. I will be brought Israel out of Egypt.
standing on top of the hill with the staff
of God in my hand." 2
So his father-in-law Jethro took along
10
Zipporah, Moses' wife, whom Moses
So Joshua did as Moses told him: he had sent back to him,
engaged Amalek in battle after Moses
had climbed to the top of the hill with 3
and her two sons. One of these was
Aaron and Hur. called Gershom; for he said, "I am a
11
stranger in a foreign land."
As long as Moses kept his hands
raised up, Israel had the better of the 4
The other was called Eliezer; for he
fight, but when he let his hands rest, said, "My father's God is my helper; he
Amalek had the better of the fight. has rescued me from Pharaoh's sword."
12
Moses' hands, however, grew tired; so 5
Together with Moses' wife and sons,
they put a rock in place for him to sit on. then, his father-in-law Jethro came to
Meanwhile Aaron and Hur supported his him in the desert where he was
hands, one on one side and one on the encamped near the mountain of God,
other, so that his hands remained
steady till sunset. 6
and he sent word to Moses, "I, Jethro,
13 your father-in-law, am coming to you,
And Joshua mowed down Amalek and along with your wife and her two sons."
his people with the edge of the sword.
7
14 Moses went out to meet his father-in-
Then the LORD said to Moses, "Write law, bowed down before him, and
this down in a document as something kissed him. Having greeted each other,
to be remembered, and recite it in the they went into the tent.
ears of Joshua: I will completely blot out
the memory of Amalek from under the 8
heavens." Moses then told his father-in-law of all
that the LORD had done to Pharaoh and
15 the Egyptians for the sake of Israel, and
Moses also built an altar there, which of all the hardships they had had to
he called Yahweh-nissi; endure on their journey, and how the
16
LORD had come to their rescue.
for he said, "The LORD takes in hand
his banner; the LORD will war against 9
Jethro rejoiced over all the goodness
Amalek through the centuries." that the LORD had shown Israel in
18
rescuing them from the hands of the "You will surely wear yourself out, and
Egyptians. not only yourself but also these people
with you. The task is too heavy for you;
10
"Blessed be the LORD," he said, "who you cannot do it alone.
has rescued his people from the hands
19
of Pharaoh and the Egyptians. Now, listen to me, and I will give you
some advice, that God may be with you.
11
Now I know that the LORD is a deity Act as the people's representative
great beyond any other; for he took before God, bringing to him whatever
occasion of their being dealt with they have to say.
insolently to deliver the people from the
20
power of the Egyptians." Enlighten them in regard to the
decisions and regulations, showing
12
Then Jethro, the father-in-law of them how they are to live and what they
Moses, brought a holocaust and other are to do.
sacrifices to God, and Aaron came with
21
all the elders of Israel to participate with But you should also look among all the
Moses' father-in-law in the meal before people for able and God-fearing men,
God. trustworthy men who hate dishonest
gain, and set them as officers over
13
The next day Moses sat in judgment groups of thousands, of hundreds, of
for the people, who waited about him fifties, and of tens.
from morning until evening.
22
Let these men render decisions for the
14
When his father-in-law saw all that he people in all ordinary cases. More
was doing for the people, he inquired, important cases they should refer to you,
"What sort of thing is this that you are but all the lesser cases they can settle
doing for the people? Why do you sit themselves. Thus, your burden will be
alone while all the people have to stand lightened, since they will bear it with you.
about you from morning till evening?"
23
If you do this, when God gives you
15
Moses answered his father-in-law, orders you will be able to stand the
"The people come to me to consult God. strain, and all these people will go home
satisfied."
16
Whenever they have a disagreement, 24
they come to me to have me settle the Moses followed the advice of his
matter between them and make known father-in-law and did all that he had
to them God's decisions and suggested.
regulations."
25
He picked out able men from all Israel
17
"You are not acting wisely," his father- and put them in charge of the people as
in-law replied. officers over groups of thousands, of
hundreds, of fifties, and of tens.
26
They rendered decisions for the before them all that the LORD had
people in all ordinary cases. The more ordered him to tell them,
difficult cases they referred to Moses,
but all the lesser cases they settled 8
the people all answered together,
themselves. "Everything the LORD has said, we will
do." Then Moses brought back to the
27
Then Moses bade farewell to his LORD the response of the people.
father-in-law, who went off to his own
country. 9
The LORD also told him, "I am coming
to you in a dense cloud, so that when
the people hear me speaking with you,
19 In the third month after their they may always have faith in you also."
When Moses, then, had reported to the
departure from the land of Egypt, on its
first day, the Israelites came to the LORD the response of the people,
desert of Sinai. 10
the LORD added, "Go to the people
2
After the journey from Rephidim to the and have them sanctify themselves
desert of Sinai, they pitched camp. today and tomorrow. Make them wash
While Israel was encamped here in front their garments
of the mountain, 11
and be ready for the third day; for on
3
Moses went up the mountain to God. the third day the LORD will come down
Then the LORD called to him and said, on Mount Sinai before the eyes of all the
"Thus shall you say to the house of people.
Jacob; 12
Set limits for the people all around the
4
tell the Israelites: You have seen for mountain, and tell them: Take care not
yourselves how I treated the Egyptians to go up the mountain, or even to touch
and how I bore you up on eagle wings its base. If anyone touches the mountain,
and brought you here to myself. he must be put to death.

13
5
Therefore, if you hearken to my voice No hand shall touch him; he must be
and keep my covenant, you shall be my stoned to death or killed with arrows.
special possession, dearer to me than Such a one, man or beast, must not be
all other people, though all the earth is allowed to live. Only when the ram's
mine. horn resounds may they go up to the
mountain."
6
You shall be to me a kingdom of priests, 14
a holy nation. That is what you must tell Then Moses came down from the
the Israelites." mountain to the people and had them
sanctify themselves and wash their
7 garments.
So Moses went and summoned the
elders of the people. When he set
15 24
He warned them, "Be ready for the The LORD repeated, "Go down now!
third day. Have no intercourse with any Then come up again along with Aaron.
woman." But the priests and the people must not
break through to come up to the LORD;
16
On the morning of the third day there else he will vent his anger upon them."
were peals of thunder and lightning, and
25
a heavy cloud over the mountain, and a So Moses went down to the people
very loud trumpet blast, so that all the and told them this.
people in the camp trembled.

17
But Moses led the people out of the
camp to meet God, and they stationed
20Then God delivered all these
commandments:
themselves at the foot of the mountain.
2
18 "I, the LORD, am your God, who
Mount Sinai was all wrapped in smoke, brought you out of the land of Egypt,
for the LORD came down upon it in fire. that place of slavery.
The smoke rose from it as though from
a furnace, and the whole mountain 3
trembled violently. You shall not have other gods besides
me.
19
The trumpet blast grew louder and 4
louder, while Moses was speaking and You shall not carve idols for yourselves
God answering him with thunder. in the shape of anything in the sky
above or on the earth below or in the
20 waters beneath the earth;
When the LORD came down to the top
of Mount Sinai, he summoned Moses to 5
the top of the mountain, and Moses you shall not bow down before them or
went up to him. worship them. For I, the LORD, your
God, am a jealous God, inflicting
21 punishment for their fathers' wickedness
Then the LORD told Moses, "Go down on the children of those who hate me,
and warn the people not to break down to the third and fourth generation;
through toward the LORD in order to
see him; otherwise many of them will be 6
struck down. but bestowing mercy down to the
thousandth generation, on the children
22 of those who love me and keep my
The priests, too, who approach the commandments.
LORD must sanctify themselves; else
he will vent his anger upon them." 7
"You shall not take the name of the
23 LORD, your God, in vain. For the LORD
Moses said to the LORD, "The people will not leave unpunished him who takes
cannot go up to Mount Sinai, for you his name in vain.
yourself warned us to set limits around
the mountain to make it sacred."
8
"Remember to keep holy the sabbath feared and trembled. So they took up a
day. position much farther away

9 19
Six days you may labor and do all your and said to Moses, "You speak to us,
work, and we will listen; but let not God speak
to us, or we shall die."
10
but the seventh day is the sabbath of
20
the LORD, your God. No work may be Moses answered the people, "Do not
done then either by you, or your son or be afraid, for God has come to you only
daughter, or your male or female slave, to test you and put his fear upon you,
or your beast, or by the alien who lives lest you should sin."
with you.
21
Still the people remained at a distance,
11
In six days the LORD made the while Moses approached the cloud
heavens and the earth, the sea and all where God was.
that is in them; but on the seventh day
he rested. That is why the LORD has 22
The LORD told Moses, "Thus shall you
blessed the sabbath day and made it speak to the Israelites: You have seen
holy. for yourselves that I have spoken to you
from heaven.
12
"Honor your father and your mother,
that you may have a long life in the land 23
Do not make anything to rank with me;
which the LORD, your God, is giving neither gods of silver nor gods of gold
you. shall you make for yourselves.
13
"You shall not kill. 24
"An altar of earth you shall make for
me, and upon it you shall sacrifice your
14
"You shall not commit adultery. holocausts and peace offerings, your
sheep and your oxen. In whatever place
15
"You shall not steal. I choose for the remembrance of my
name I will come to you and bless you.
16
"You shall not bear false witness 25
against your neighbor. If you make an altar of stone for me,
do not build it of cut stone, for by putting
17
"You shall not covet your neighbor's a tool to it you desecrate it.
house. You shall not covet your 26
neighbor's wife, nor his male or female You shall not go up by steps to my
slave, nor his ox or ass, nor anything altar, on which you must not be
else that belongs to him." indecently uncovered.

18
When the people witnessed the
thunder and lightning, the trumpet blast 21"These are the rules you shall lay
and the mountain smoking, they all before them.
2 11
When you purchase a Hebrew slave, If he does not grant her these three
he is to serve you for six years, but in things, she shall be given her freedom
the seventh year he shall be given his absolutely, without cost to her.
freedom without cost.
12
"Whoever strikes a man a mortal blow
3
If he comes into service alone, he shall must be put to death.
leave alone; if he comes with a wife, his
wife shall leave with him. 13
He, however, who did not hunt a man
down, but caused his death by an act of
4
But if his master gives him a wife and God, may flee to a place which I will set
she bears him sons or daughters, the apart for this purpose.
woman and her children shall remain
the master's property and the man shall 14
But when a man kills another after
leave alone. maliciously scheming to do so, you must
take him even from my altar and put him
5
If, however, the slave declares, 'I am to death.
devoted to my master and my wife and
children; I will not go free,' 15
Whoever strikes his father or mother
shall be put to death.
6
his master shall bring him to God and
there, at the door or doorpost, he shall 16
"A kidnaper, whether he sells his
pierce his ear with an awl, thus keeping victim or still has him when caught, shall
him as his slave forever. be put to death.
7
"When a man sells his daughter as a 17
"Whoever curses his father or mother
slave, she shall not go free as male shall be put to death.
slaves do.
18
8
"When men quarrel and one strikes
But if her master, who had destined her the other with a stone or with his fist, not
for himself, dislikes her, he shall let her mortally, but enough to put him in bed,
be redeemed. He has no right to sell her
to a foreigner, since he has broken faith 19
the one who struck the blow shall be
with her. acquitted, provided the other can get up
9
and walk around with the help of his
If he destines her for his son, he shall staff. Still, he must compensate him for
treat her like a daughter. his enforced idleness and provide for his
complete cure.
10
If he takes another wife, he shall not
withhold her food, her clothing, or her 20
"When a man strikes his male or
conjugal rights. female slave with a rod so hard that the
slave dies under his hand, he shall be
punished.
21 30
If, however, the slave survives for a If, however, a fine is imposed on him,
day or two, he is not to be punished, he must pay in ransom for his life
since the slave is his own property. whatever amount is imposed on him.

22 31
"When men have a fight and hurt a This law applies if it is a boy or a girl
pregnant woman, so that she suffers a that the ox gores.
miscarriage, but no further injury, the
guilty one shall be fined as much as the 32
But if it is a male or a female slave that
woman's husband demands of him, and it gores, he must pay the owner of the
he shall pay in the presence of the slave thirty shekels of silver, and the ox
judges. must be stoned.
23
But if injury ensues, you shall give life 33
"When a man uncovers or digs a
for life, cistern and does not cover it over again,
should an ox or an ass fall into it,
24
eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for
hand, foot for foot, 34
the owner of the cistern must make
good by restoring the value of the
25
burn for burn, wound for wound, stripe animal to its owner; the dead animal,
for stripe. however, he may keep.

26 35
"When a man strikes his male or "When one man's ox hurts another's
female slave in the eye and destroys the ox so badly that it dies, they shall sell
use of the eye, he shall let the slave go the live ox and divide this money as well
free in compensation for the eye. as the dead animal equally between
them.
27
If he knocks out a tooth of his male or
36
female slave, he shall let the slave go But if it was known that the ox was
free in compensation for the tooth. previously in the habit of goring and its
owner would not keep it in, he must
28
"When an ox gores a man or a woman make full restitution, an ox for an ox; but
to death, the ox must be stoned; its flesh the dead animal he may keep. (v 37)
may not be eaten. The owner of the ox, "When a man steals an ox or a sheep
however, shall go unpunished. and slaughters or sells it, he shall
restore five oxen for the one ox, and
29
But if an ox was previously in the habit four sheep for the one sheep.
of goring people and its owner, though
warned, would not keep it in; should it
then kill a man or a woman, not only 22 "(If a thief is caught in the act of
must the ox be stoned, but its owner housebreaking and beaten to death,
also must be put to death. there is no bloodguilt involved.
2 9
But if after sunrise he is thus beaten, "When a man gives an ass, or an ox, or
there is bloodguilt.) He must make full a sheep, or any other animal to another
restitution. If he has nothing, he shall be for safekeeping, if it dies, or is maimed
sold to pay for his theft. or snatched away, without anyone
witnessing the fact,
3
If what he stole is found alive in his
10
possession, be it an ox, an ass or a the custodian shall swear by the
sheep, he shall restore two animals for LORD that he did not lay hands on his
each one stolen. neighbor's property; the owner must
accept the oath, and no restitution is to
4
"When a man is burning over a field or be made.
a vineyard, if he lets the fire spread so
11
that it burns in another's field, he must But if the custodian is really guilty of
make restitution with the best produce of theft, he must make restitution to the
his own field or vineyard. owner.

5 12
If the fire spreads further, and catches If it has been killed by a wild beast, let
on to thorn bushes, so that shocked him bring it as evidence, and he need
grain or standing grain or the field itself not make restitution for the mangled
is burned up, the one who started the animal.
fire must make full restitution.
13
"When a man borrows an animal from
6
"When a man gives money or an article his neighbor, if it is maimed or dies while
to another for safekeeping and it is the owner is not present, the man must
stolen from the latter's house, the thief, if make restitution.
caught, must make twofold restitution.
14
But if the owner is present, he need
7
If the thief is not caught, the owner of not make restitution. If it was hired, this
the house shall be brought to God, to was covered by the price of its hire.
swear that he himself did not lay hands
on his neighbor's property. 15
"When a man seduces a virgin who is
not betrothed, and lies with her, he shall
8
In every question of dishonest pay her marriage price and marry her.
appropriation, whether it be about an ox,
or an ass, or a sheep, or a garment, or 16
If her father refuses to give her to him,
anything else that has disappeared, he must still pay him the customary
where another claims that the thing is marriage price for virgins.
his, both parties shall present their case
before God; the one whom God convicts 17
"You shall not let a sorceress live.
must make twofold restitution to the
other. 18
"Anyone who lies with an animal shall
be put to death.
19 30
"Whoever sacrifices to any god, except "You shall be men sacred to me. Flesh
to the LORD alone, shall be doomed. torn to pieces in the field you shall not
eat; throw it to the dogs.
20
"You shall not molest or oppress an
alien, for you were once aliens
yourselves in the land of Egypt. 23"You shall not repeat a false
21
report. Do not join the wicked in putting
You shall not wrong any widow or your hand, as an unjust witness, upon
orphan. anyone.
22
If ever you wrong them and they cry 2
Neither shall you allege the example of
out to me, I will surely hear their cry. the many as an excuse for doing wrong,
nor shall you, when testifying in a
23
My wrath will flare up, and I will kill you lawsuit, side with the many in perverting
with the sword; then your own wives will justice.
be widows, and your children orphans.
3
You shall not favor a poor man in his
24
"If you lend money to one of your poor lawsuit.
neighbors among my people, you shall
not act like an extortioner toward him by 4
"When you come upon your enemy's ox
demanding interest from him. or ass going astray, see to it that it is
returned to him.
25
If you take your neighbor's cloak as a
pledge, you shall return it to him before 5
When you notice the ass of one who
sunset; hates you lying prostrate under its
burden, by no means desert him; help
26
for this cloak of his is the only covering him, rather, to raise it up.
he has for his body. What else has he to
sleep in? If he cries out to me, I will hear 6
"You shall not deny one of your needy
him; for I am compassionate. fellow men his rights in his lawsuit.
27
"You shall not revile God, nor curse a 7
You shall keep away from anything
prince of your people. dishonest. The innocent and the just you
shall not put to death, nor shall you
28
"You shall not delay the offering of acquit the guilty.
your harvest and your press. You shall
give me the first-born of your sons. 8
Never take a bribe, for a bribe blinds
even the most clear-sighted and twists
29
You must do the same with your oxen the words even of the just.
and your sheep; for seven days the
firstling may stay with its mother, but on 9
You shall not oppress an alien; you well
the eighth day you must give it to me. know how it feels to be an alien, since
17
you were once aliens yourselves in the Thrice a year shall all your men
land of Egypt. appear before the Lord GOD.

10 18
"For six years you may sow your land "You shall not offer the blood of my
and gather in its produce. sacrifice with leavened bread; nor shall
the fat of my feast be kept overnight till
11
But the seventh year you shall let the the next day.
land lie untilled and unharvested, that
19
the poor among you may eat of it and The choicest first fruits of your soil you
the beasts of the field may eat what the shall bring to the house of the LORD,
poor leave. So also shall you do in your God. "You shall not boil a kid in its
regard to your vineyard and your olive mother's milk.
grove.
20
"See, I am sending an angel before
12
"For six days you may do your work, you, to guard you on the way and bring
but on the seventh day you must rest, you to the place I have prepared.
that your ox and your ass may also have
rest, and that the son of your 21
Be attentive to him and heed his voice.
maidservant and the alien may be Do not rebel against him, for he will not
refreshed. forgive your sin. My authority resides in
him.
13
Give heed to all that I have told you.
"Never mention the name of any other 22
If you heed his voice and carry out all I
god; it shall not be heard from your lips. tell you, I will be an enemy to your
enemies and a foe to your foes.
14
"Three times a year you shall
celebrate a pilgrim feast to me. 23
"My angel will go before you and bring
you to the Amorites, Hittites, Perizzites,
15
You shall keep the feast of Canaanites, Hivites and Jebusites; and I
Unleavened Bread. As I have will wipe them out.
commanded you, you must eat
unleavened bread for seven days at the 24
Therefore, you shall not bow down in
prescribed time in the month of Abib, for worship before their gods, nor shall you
it was then that you came out of Egypt. make anything like them; rather, you
No one shall appear before me empty- must demolish them and smash their
handed. sacred pillars.
16
You shall also keep the feast of the 25
The LORD, your God, you shall
grain harvest with the first of the crop worship; then I will bless your food and
that you have sown in the field; and drink, and I will remove all sickness from
finally, the feast at the fruit harvest at your midst;
the end of the year, when you gather in
the produce from the fields.
26 2
no woman in your land will be barren but Moses alone is to come close to the
or miscarry; and I will give you a full LORD; the others shall not come too
span of life. near, and the people shall not come up
at all with Moses."
27
"I will have the fear of me precede you,
3
so that I will throw into panic every When Moses came to the people and
nation you reach. I will make all your related all the words and ordinances of
enemies turn from you in flight, the LORD, they all answered with one
voice, "We will do everything that the
28
and ahead of you I will send hornets to LORD has told us."
drive the Hivites, Canaanites and
4
Hittites out of your way. Moses then wrote down all the words of
the LORD and, rising early the next day,
29
But not in one year will I drive them all he erected at the foot of the mountain
out before you; else the land will an altar and twelve pillars for the twelve
become so desolate that the wild beasts tribes of Israel.
will multiply against you.
5
Then, having sent certain young men of
30
Instead, I will drive them out little by the Israelites to offer holocausts and
little before you, until you have grown sacrifice young bulls as peace offerings
numerous enough to take possession of to the LORD,
the land.
6
Moses took half of the blood and put it
31
I will set your boundaries from the Red in large bowls; the other half he
Sea to the sea of the Philistines, and splashed on the altar.
from the desert to the River; all who
7
dwell in this land I will hand over to you Taking the book of the covenant, he
to be driven out of your way. read it aloud to the people, who
answered, "All that the LORD has said,
32
You shall not make a covenant with we will heed and do."
them or their gods.
8
Then he took the blood and sprinkled it
33
They must not abide in your land, lest on the people, saying, "This is the blood
they make you sin against me by of the covenant which the LORD has
ensnaring you into worshiping their made with you in accordance with all
gods." these words of his."

9
Moses then went up with Aaron, Nadab,
24Moses himself was told, "Come up Abihu, and seventy elders of Israel,
to the LORD, you and Aaron, with 10
Nadab, Abihu, and seventy of the elders and they beheld the God of Israel.
of Israel. You shall all worship at some Under his feet there appeared to be
distance,
sapphire tilework, as clear as the sky
itself. 25 This is what the LORD then said
11
to Moses:
Yet he did not smite these chosen
Israelites. After gazing on God, they 2
"Tell the Israelites to take up a
could still eat and drink. collection for me. From every man you
12
shall accept the contribution that his
The LORD said to Moses, "Come up heart prompts him to give me.
to me on the mountain and, while you
are there, I will give you the stone 3
These are the contributions you shall
tablets on which I have written the accept from them: gold, silver and
commandments intended for their bronze;
instruction."
4
13 violet, purple and scarlet yarn; fine linen
So Moses set out with Joshua, his and goat hair;
aide, and went up to the mountain of
God. 5
rams' skins dyed red, and tahash skins;
14 acacia wood;
The elders, however, had been told by
him, "Wait here for us until we return to 6
you. Aaron and Hur are staying with you. oil for the light; spices for the anointing
If anyone has a complaint, let him refer oil and for the fragrant incense;
the matter to them." 7
onyx stones and other gems for
15
After Moses had gone up, a cloud mounting on the ephod and the
covered the mountain. breastpiece.

8
16
The glory of the LORD settled upon "They shall make a sanctuary for me,
Mount Sinai. The cloud covered it for six that I may dwell in their midst.
days, and on the seventh day he called 9
to Moses from the midst of the cloud. This Dwelling and all its furnishings you
shall make exactly according to the
17
To the Israelites the glory of the LORD pattern that I will now show you.
was seen as a consuming fire on the 10
mountaintop. "You shall make an ark of acacia wood,
two and a half cubits long, one and a
18
But Moses passed into the midst of the half cubits wide, and one and a half
cloud as he went up on the mountain; cubits high.
and there he stayed for forty days and 11
forty nights. Plate it inside and outside with pure
gold, and put a molding of gold around
the top of it.
12
Cast four gold rings and fasten them commands that I wish you to give the
on the four supports of the ark, two rings Israelites.
on one side and two on the opposite
side. 23
"You shall also make a table of acacia
wood, two cubits long, a cubit wide, and
13
Then make poles of acacia wood and a cubit and a half high.
plate them with gold.
24
Plate it with pure gold and make a
14
These poles you are to put through the molding of gold around it.
rings on the sides of the ark, for carrying
it; 25
Surround it with a frame, a
handbreadth high, with a molding of
15
they must remain in the rings of the gold around the frame.
ark and never be withdrawn.
26
You shall also make four rings of gold
16
In the ark you are to put the for it and fasten them at the four corners,
commandments which I will give you. one at each leg,

17 27
"You shall then make a propitiatory of on two opposite sides of the frame as
pure gold, two cubits and a half long, holders for the poles to carry the table.
and one and a half cubits wide.
28
These poles for carrying the table you
18
Make two cherubim of beaten gold for shall make of acacia wood and plate
the two ends of the propitiatory, with gold.

19 29
fastening them so that one cherub Of pure gold you shall make its plates
springs direct from each end. and cups, as well as its pitchers and
bowls for pouring libations.
20
The cherubim shall have their wings
30
spread out above, covering the On the table you shall always keep
propitiatory with them; they shall be showbread set before me.
turned toward each other, but with their
faces looking toward the propitiatory. 31
"You shall make a lampstand of pure
beaten gold-its shaft and branches-with
21
This propitiatory you shall then place its cups and knobs and petals springing
on top of the ark. In the ark itself you are directly from it.
to put the commandments which I will
give you. 32
Six branches are to extend from the
sides of the lampstand, three branches
22
There I will meet you and there, from on one side, and three on the other.
above the propitiatory, between the two
cherubim on the ark of the 33
On one branch there are to be three
commandments, I will tell you all the cups, shaped like almond blossoms,
3
each with its knob and petals; on the Five of the sheets are to be sewed
opposite branch there are to be three together, edge to edge; and the same
cups, shaped like almond blossoms, for the other five.
each with its knob and petals; and so for
the six branches that extend from the 4
Make loops of violet yarn along the
lampstand. edge of the end sheet in one set, and
the same along the edge of the end
34
On the shaft there are to be four cups, sheet in the other set.
shaped like almond blossoms, with their
knobs and petals, 5
There are to be fifty loops along the
edge of the end sheet in the first set,
35
including a knob below each of the and fifty loops along the edge of the
three pairs of branches that extend from corresponding sheet in the second set,
the lampstand. and so placed that the loops are directly
opposite each other.
36
Their knobs and branches shall so
6
spring from it that the whole will form but Then make fifty clasps of gold, with
a single piece of pure beaten gold. which to join the two sets of sheets, so
that the Dwelling forms one whole.
37
You shall then make seven lamps for it
7
and so set up the lamps that they shed "Also make sheets woven of goat hair,
their light on the space in front of the to be used as a tent covering over the
lampstand. Dwelling.

38 8
These, as well as the trimming shears Eleven such sheets are to be made; the
and trays, must be of pure gold. length of each shall be thirty cubits, and
the width four cubits: all eleven sheets
39
Use a talent of pure gold for the shall be of the same size.
lampstand and all its appurtenances.
9
Sew five of the sheets, edge to edge,
40
See that you make them according to into one set, and the other six sheets
the pattern shown you on the mountain. into another set. Use the sixth sheet
double at the front of the tent.

26"The Dwelling itself you shall


10
Make fifty loops along the edge of the
end sheet in one set, and fifty loops
make out of sheets woven of fine linen along the edge of the end sheet in the
twined and of violet, purple and scarlet second set.
yarn, with cherubim embroidered on
them. 11
Also make fifty bronze clasps and put
2 them into the loops, to join the tent into
The length of each shall be twenty- one whole.
eight cubits, and the width four cubits;
all the sheets shall be of the same size.
12 23
There will be an extra half sheet of tent and two boards for the corners at the
covering, which shall be allowed to hang rear of the Dwelling.
down over the rear of the Dwelling.
24
These two shall be double at the
13
Likewise, the sheets of the tent will bottom, and likewise double at the top,
have an extra cubit's length to be left to the first ring. That is how both boards
hanging down on either side of the in the corners are to be made.
Dwelling to protect it.
25
Thus, there shall be in the rear eight
14
Over the tent itself you shall make a boards, with their sixteen silver
covering of rams' skins dyed red, and pedestals, two pedestals under each
above that, a covering of tahash skins. board.

15 26
"You shall make boards of acacia Also make bars of acacia wood: five
wood as walls for the Dwelling. for the boards on one side of the
Dwelling,
16
The length of each board is to be ten
27
cubits, and its width one and a half five for those on the other side, and
cubits. five for those at the rear, toward the
west.
17
Each board shall have two arms that
28
shall serve to fasten the boards in line. The center bar, at the middle of the
In this way all the boards of the Dwelling boards, shall reach across from end to
are to be made. end.

18 29
Set up the boards of the Dwelling as Plate the boards with gold, and make
follows: twenty boards on the south side, gold rings on them as holders for the
bars, which are also to be plated with
19
with forty silver pedestals under the gold.
twenty boards, so that there are two
30
pedestals under each board, at its two You shall erect the Dwelling according
arms; to the pattern shown you on the
mountain.
20
twenty boards on the other side of the
31
Dwelling, the north side, "You shall have a veil woven of violet,
purple and scarlet yarn, and of fine linen
21
with their forty silver pedestals, two twined, with cherubim embroidered on it.
under each board;
32
It is to be hung on four gold-plated
22
six boards for the rear of the Dwelling, columns of acacia wood, which shall
to the west; have hooks of gold and shall rest on
four silver pedestals.
33 5
Hang the veil from clasps. The ark of Put it down around the altar, on the
the commandments you shall bring ground. This network is to be half as
inside, behind this veil which divides the high as the altar.
holy place from the holy of holies.
6
You shall also make poles of acacia
34
Set the propitiatory on the ark of the wood for the altar, and plate them with
commandments in the holy of holies. bronze.

35 7
"Outside the veil you shall place the These poles are to be put through the
table and the lampstand, the latter on rings, so that they are on either side of
the south side of the Dwelling, opposite the altar when it is carried.
the table, which is to be put on the north
side. 8
Make the altar itself in the form of a
hollow box, just as it was shown you on
36
For the entrance of the tent make a the mountain.
variegated curtain of violet, purple and
scarlet yarn and of fine linen twined. 9
"You shall also make a court for the
Dwelling. On the south side the court
37
Make five columns of acacia wood for shall have hangings a hundred cubits
this curtain; have them plated with gold, long, woven of fine linen twined,
with their hooks of gold; and cast five
bronze pedestals for them. 10
with twenty columns and twenty
pedestals of bronze; the hooks and
bands on the columns shall be of silver.
27"You shall make an altar of acacia 11
wood, on a square, five cubits long and On the north side there shall be similar
five cubits wide; it shall be three cubits hangings, a hundred cubits long, with
high. twenty columns and twenty pedestals of
bronze; the hooks and bands on the
2
At the four corners there are to be columns shall be of silver.
horns, so made that they spring directly 12
from the altar. You shall then plate it On the west side, across the width of
with bronze. the court, there shall be hangings, fifty
cubits long, with ten columns and ten
3
Make pots for removing the ashes, as pedestals.
well as shovels, basins, forks and fire 13
pans, all of which shall be of bronze. The width of the court on the east side
shall be fifty cubits.
4
Make a grating of bronze network for it; 14
this to have four bronze rings, one at On one side there shall be hangings to
each of its four corners. the extent of fifteen cubits, with three
columns and three pedestals;
15
on the other side there shall be Ithamar, brought to you, that they may
hangings to the extent of fifteen cubits, be my priests.
with three columns and three pedestals.
2
For the glorious adornment of your
16
"At the entrance of the court there brother Aaron you shall have sacred
shall be a variegated curtain, twenty vestments made.
cubits long, woven of violet, purple and
scarlet yarn and of fine linen twined. It 3
Therefore, to the various expert
shall have four columns and four workmen whom I have endowed with
pedestals. skill, you shall give instructions to make
such vestments for Aaron as will set him
17
"All the columns around the court shall apart for his sacred service as my priest.
have bands and hooks of silver, and
pedestals of bronze. 4
These are the vestments they shall
make: a breastpiece, an ephod, a robe,
18
The enclosure of the court is to be one a brocaded tunic, a miter and a sash. In
hundred cubits long, fifty cubits wide, making these sacred vestments which
and five cubits high. Fine linen twined your brother Aaron and his sons are to
must be used, and the pedestals must wear in serving as my priests,
be of bronze.
5
they shall use gold, violet, purple and
19
All the fittings of the Dwelling, scarlet yarn and fine linen.
whatever be their use, as well as all its
tent pegs and all the tent pegs of the 6
"The ephod they shall make of gold
court, must be of bronze. thread and of violet, purple and scarlet
yarn, embroidered on cloth of fine linen
20
"You shall order the Israelites to bring twined.
you clear oil of crushed olives, to be
used for the light, so that you may keep 7
It shall have a pair of shoulder straps
lamps burning regularly. joined to its two upper ends.
21
From evening to morning Aaron and 8
The embroidered belt of the ephod
his sons shall maintain them before the shall extend out from it and, like it, be
LORD in the meeting tent, outside the made of gold thread, of violet, purple
veil which hangs in front of the and scarlet yarn, and of fine linen twined.
commandments. This shall be a
perpetual ordinance for the Israelites 9
"Get two onyx stones and engrave on
throughout their generations.
them the names of the sons of Israel:

10
six of their names on one stone, and
28"From among the Israelites have the other six on the other stone, in the
your brother Aaron, together with his order of their birth.
sons Nadab, Abihu, Eleazar and
11
As a gem-cutter engraves a seal, so like a seal with the name of one of the
shall you have the two stones engraved twelve tribes.
with the names of the sons of Israel and
then mounted in gold filigree work. 22
"When the chains of pure gold, twisted
like cords, have been made for the
12
Set these two stones on the shoulder breastpiece,
straps of the ephod as memorial stones
of the sons of Israel. Thus Aaron shall 23
you shall then make two rings of gold
bear their names on his shoulders as a for it and fasten them to the two upper
reminder before the LORD. ends of the breastpiece.
13
Make filigree rosettes of gold, 24
The gold cords are then to be fastened
to the two rings at the upper ends of the
14
as well as two chains of pure gold, breastpiece,
twisted like cords, and fasten the
cordlike chains to the filigree rosettes. 25
the other two ends of the cords being
fastened in front to the two filigree
15
"The breastpiece of decision you shall rosettes which are attached to the
also have made, embroidered like the shoulder straps of the ephod.
ephod with gold thread and violet,
purple and scarlet yarn on cloth of fine 26
Make two other rings of gold and put
linen twined. them on the two lower ends of the
breastpiece, on its edge that faces the
16
It is to be square when folded double, ephod.
a span high and a span wide.
27
Then make two more rings of gold and
17
On it you shall mount four rows of fasten them to the bottom of the
precious stones: in the first row, a shoulder straps next to where they join
carnelian, a topaz and an emerald; the ephod in front, just above its
embroidered belt.
18
in the second row, a garnet, a
28
sapphire and a beryl; Violet ribbons shall bind the rings of
the breastpiece to the rings of the ephod,
19
in the third row, a jacinth, an agate and so that the breastpiece will stay right
an amethyst; above the embroidered belt of the
ephod and not swing loose from it.
20
in the fourth row, a chrysolite, an onyx 29
and a jasper. These stones are to be "Whenever Aaron enters the sanctuary,
mounted in gold filigree work, he will thus bear the names of the sons
of Israel on the breastpiece of decision
21 over his heart as a constant reminder
twelve of them to match the names of
the sons of Israel, each stone engraved before the LORD.
30
In this breastpiece of decision you gifts, this plate must always be over his
shall put the Urim and Thummim, that forehead, so that they may find favor
they may be over Aaron's heart with the LORD.
whenever he enters the presence of the
LORD. Thus he shall always bear the 39
"The tunic of fine linen shall be
decisions for the Israelites over his heart brocaded. The miter shall be made of
in the LORD'S presence. fine linen. The sash shall be of
variegated work.
31
"The robe of the ephod you shall make
entirely of violet material. 40
"Likewise, for the glorious adornment
of Aaron's sons you shall have tunics
32
It shall have an opening for the head in and sashes and turbans made.
the center, and around this opening
there shall be a selvage, woven as at 41
With these you shall clothe your
the opening of a shirt, to keep it from brother Aaron and his sons. Anoint and
being torn. ordain them, consecrating them as my
priests.
33
All around the hem at the bottom you
shall make pomegranates, woven of 42
You must also make linen drawers for
violet, purple and scarlet yarn and fine them, to cover their naked flesh from
linen twined, with gold bells between their loins to their thighs.
them;
43
34
Aaron and his sons shall wear them
first a gold bell, then a pomegranate, whenever they go into the meeting tent
and thus alternating all around the hem or approach the altar to minister in the
of the robe. sanctuary, lest they incur guilt and die.
This shall be a perpetual ordinance for
35
Aaron shall wear it when ministering, him and for his descendants.
that its tinkling may be heard as he
enters and leaves the LORD'S presence
in the sanctuary; else he will die. 29"This is the rite you shall perform
36 in consecrating them as my priests.
"You shall also make a plate of pure Procure a young bull and two
gold and engrave on it, as on a seal unblemished rams.
engraving, 'Sacred to the LORD.'
2
37 With fine wheat flour make unleavened
This plate is to be tied over the miter cakes mixed with oil, and unleavened
with a violet ribbon in such a way that it wafers spread with oil,
rests on the front of the miter,
3
38 and put them in a basket. Take the
over Aaron's forehead. Since Aaron basket of them along with the bullock
bears whatever guilt the Israelites may and the two rams.
incur in consecrating any of their sacred
4 14
Aaron and his sons you shall also bring But the flesh and hide and offal of the
to the entrance of the meeting tent, and bullock you must burn up outside the
there wash them with water. camp, since this is a sin offering.

5 15
Take the vestments and clothe Aaron "Then take one of the rams, and after
with the tunic, the robe of the ephod, the Aaron and his sons have laid their
ephod itself, and the breastpiece, hands on its head,
fastening the embroidered belt of the
ephod around him. 16
slaughter it. The blood you shall take
and splash on all the sides of the altar.
6
Put the miter on his head, the sacred
diadem on the miter. 17
Cut the ram into pieces; its inner
organs and shanks you shall first wash,
7
Then take the anointing oil and anoint and then put them with the pieces and
him with it, pouring it on his head. with the head.

8 18
Bring forward his sons also and clothe The entire ram shall then be burned on
them with the tunics, the altar, since it is a holocaust, a
sweet-smelling oblation to the LORD.
9
gird them with the sashes, and tie the
19
turbans on them. Thus shall the "After this take the other ram, and
priesthood be theirs by perpetual law, when Aaron and his sons have laid their
and thus shall you ordain Aaron and his hands on its head,
sons.
20
slaughter it. Some of its blood you
10
"Now bring forward the bullock in front shall take and put on the tip of Aaron's
of the meeting tent. There Aaron and his right ear and on the tips of his sons' right
sons shall lay their hands on its head. ears and on the thumbs of their right
hands and the great toes of their right
11
Then slaughter the bullock before the feet. Splash the rest of the blood on all
LORD, at the entrance of the meeting the sides of the altar.
tent.
21
Then take some of the blood that is on
12
Take some of its blood and with your the altar, together with some of the
finger put it on the horns of the altar. All anointing oil, and sprinkle this on Aaron
the rest of the blood you shall pour out and his vestments, as well as on his
at the base of the altar. sons and their vestments, that his sons
and their vestments may be sacred.
13
All the fat that covers its inner organs, 22
as well as the lobe of its liver and its two "Now, from this ram you shall take its
kidneys, together with the fat that is on fat: its fatty tail, the fat that covers its
them, you shall take and burn on the inner organs, the lobe of its liver, its two
altar. kidneys with the fat that is on them, and
30
its right thigh, since this is the ordination The descendant who succeeds him as
ram; priest and who is to enter the meeting
tent to minister in the sanctuary shall be
23
then, out of the basket of unleavened clothed with them for seven days.
food that you have set before the LORD,
31
you shall take one of the loaves of bread, "You shall take the flesh of the
one of the cakes made with oil, and one ordination ram and boil it in a holy place.
of the wafers.
32
At the entrance of the meeting tent
24
All these things you shall put into the Aaron and his sons shall eat the flesh of
hands of Aaron and his sons, so that the ram and the bread that is in the
they may wave them as a wave offering basket.
before the LORD.
33
They themselves are to eat of these
25
After you have received them back things by which atonement was made at
from their hands, you shall burn them on their ordination and consecration; but no
top of the holocaust on the altar as a layman may eat of them, since they are
sweet-smelling oblation to the LORD. sacred.

26 34
Finally, take the breast of Aaron's If some of the flesh of the ordination
ordination ram and wave it as a wave sacrifice or some of the bread remains
offering before the LORD; this is to be over on the next day, this remnant must
your own portion. be burned up; it is not to be eaten, since
it is sacred.
27
"Thus shall you set aside the breast of
35
whatever wave offering is waved, as Carry out all these orders in regard to
well as the thigh of whatever raised Aaron and his sons just as I have given
offering is raised up, whether this be the them to you. "Seven days you shall
ordination ram or anything else spend in ordaining them,
belonging to Aaron or to his sons.
36
sacrificing a bullock each day as a sin
28
Such things are due to Aaron and his offering, to make atonement. Thus also
sons from the Israelites by a perpetual shall you purge the altar in making
ordinance as a contribution. From their atonement for it; you shall anoint it in
peace offerings, too, the Israelites shall order to consecrate it.
make a contribution, their contribution to
the LORD. 37
Seven days you shall spend in making
atonement for the altar and in
29
"The sacred vestments of Aaron shall consecrating it. Then the altar will be
be passed down to his descendants, most sacred, and whatever touches it
that in them they may be anointed and will become sacred.
ordained.
38
"Now, this is what you shall offer on
the altar: two yearling lambs as the
sacrifice established for each day;
30 "For burning incense you shall
make an altar of acacia wood,
39
one lamb in the morning and the other 2
with a square surface, a cubit long, a
lamb at the evening twilight. cubit wide, and two cubits high, with
40
horns that spring directly from it.
With the first lamb there shall be a
tenth of an ephah of fine flour mixed 3
Its grate on top, its walls on all four
with a fourth of a hin of oil of crushed sides, and its horns you shall plate with
olives and, as its libation, a fourth of a pure gold. Put a gold molding around it.
hin of wine.
4
41 Underneath the molding you shall put
The other lamb you shall offer at the gold rings, two on one side and two on
evening twilight, with the same cereal the opposite side, as holders for the
offering and libation as in the morning. poles used in carrying it.
You shall offer this as a sweet-smelling
oblation to the LORD. 5
Make the poles, too, of acacia wood
42 and plate them with gold.
Throughout your generations this
established holocaust shall be offered 6
before the LORD at the entrance of the This altar you are to place in front of the
meeting tent, where I will meet you and veil that hangs before the ark of the
speak to you. commandments where I will meet you.

7
43
"There, at the altar, I will meet the "On it Aaron shall burn fragrant incense.
Israelites; hence, it will be made sacred Morning after morning, when he
by my glory. prepares the lamps,

8
44
Thus I will consecrate the meeting tent and again in the evening twilight, when
and the altar, just as I also consecrate he lights the lamps, he shall burn
Aaron and his sons to be my priests. incense. Throughout your generations
this shall be the established incense
45 offering before the LORD.
I will dwell in the midst of the Israelites
and will be their God. 9
On this altar you shall not offer up any
46 profane incense, or any holocaust or
They shall know that I, the LORD, am cereal offering; nor shall you pour out a
their God who brought them out of the libation upon it.
land of Egypt, so that I, the LORD, their
God, might dwell among them. 10
Once a year Aaron shall perform the
atonement rite on its horns. Throughout
your generations this atonement is to be
made once a year with the blood of the
19
atoning sin offering. This altar is most Aaron and his sons shall use it in
sacred to the LORD." washing their hands and feet.

11 20
The LORD also said to Moses, When they are about to enter the
meeting tent, they must wash with water,
12
"When you take a census of the lest they die. Likewise when they
Israelites who are to be registered, each approach the altar in their ministry, to
one, as he is enrolled, shall give the offer an oblation to the LORD,
LORD a forfeit for his life, so that no
21
plague may come upon them for being they must wash their hands and feet,
registered. lest they die. This shall be a perpetual
ordinance for him and his descendants
13
Everyone who enters the registered throughout their generations."
group must pay a half-shekel, according
22
to the standard of the sanctuary shekel, The LORD said to Moses,
twenty gerahs to the shekel. This
payment of a half-shekel is a 23
"Take the finest spices: five hundred
contribution to the LORD. shekels of free-flowing myrrh; half that
amount, that is, two hundred and fifty
14
Everyone of twenty years or more who shekels, of fragrant cinnamon; two
enters the registered group must give hundred and fifty shekels of fragrant
this contribution to the LORD. cane;

15 24
The rich need not give more, nor shall five hundred shekels of cassia-all
the poor give less, than a half-shekel in according to the standard of the
this contribution to the LORD to pay the sanctuary shekel; together with a hin of
forfeit for their lives. olive oil;

16 25
When you receive this forfeit money and blend them into sacred anointing
from the Israelites, you shall donate it to oil, perfumed ointment expertly prepared.
the service of the meeting tent, that
there it may be the Israelites' reminder 26
With this sacred anointing oil you shall
before the LORD, of the forfeit paid for anoint the meeting tent and the ark of
their lives." the commandments,
17
The LORD said to Moses, 27
the table and all its appurtenances, the
lampstand and its appurtenances, the
18
"For ablutions you shall make a bronze altar of incense
laver with a bronze base. Place it
between the meeting tent and the altar, 28
and the altar of holocausts with all its
and put water in it. appurtenances, and the laver with its
base.
29
When you have consecrated them,
they shall be most sacred; whatever
touches them shall be sacred.
31The LORD said to Moses,
2
30 "See, I have chosen Bezalel, son of Uri,
Aaron and his sons you shall also son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah,
anoint and consecrate as my priests.
3
31 and I have filled him with a divine spirit
To the Israelites you shall say: As of skill and understanding and
sacred anointing oil this shall belong to knowledge in every craft:
me throughout your generations.
4
32 in the production of embroidery, in
It may not be used in any ordinary making things of gold, silver or bronze,
anointing of the body, nor may you
make any other oil of a like mixture. It is 5
sacred, and shall be treated as sacred in cutting and mounting precious stones,
by you. in carving wood, and in every craft.

6
33
Whoever prepares a perfume like this, As his assistant I have appointed
or whoever puts any of this on a layman, Oholiab, son of Ahisamach, of the tribe
shall be cut off from his kinsmen." of Dan. I have also endowed all the
experts with the necessary skill to make
34 all the things I have ordered you to
The LORD told Moses, "Take these make:
aromatic substances: storax and onycha
and galbanum, these and pure 7
frankincense in equal parts; the meeting tent, the ark of the
commandments with the propitiatory on
35 top of it, all the furnishings of the tent,
and blend them into incense. This
fragrant powder, expertly prepared, is to 8
be salted and so kept pure and sacred. the table with its appurtenances, the
pure gold lampstand with all its
36 appurtenances, the altar of incense,
Grind some of it into fine dust and put
this before the commandments in the 9
meeting tent where I will meet you. This the altar of holocausts with all its
incense shall be treated as most sacred appurtenances, the laver with its base,
by you. 10
the service cloths, the sacred
37
You may not make incense of a like vestments for Aaron the priest, the
mixture for yourselves; you must treat it vestments for his sons in their ministry,
as sacred to the LORD. 11
the anointing oil, and the fragrant
38
Whoever makes an incense like this incense for the sanctuary. All these
for his own enjoyment of its fragrance, things they shall make just as I have
shall be cut off from his kinsmen." commanded you."
12
The LORD said to Moses, land of Egypt, we do not know what has
happened to him."
13
"You must also tell the Israelites: Take
2
care to keep my sabbaths, for that is to Aaron replied, "Have your wives and
be the token between you and me sons and daughters take off the golden
throughout the generations, to show that earrings they are wearing, and bring
it is I, the LORD, who make you holy. them to me."

14 3
Therefore, you must keep the sabbath So all the people took off their earrings
as something sacred. Whoever and brought them to Aaron,
desecrates it shall be put to death. If
anyone does work on that day, he must 4
who accepted their offering, and
be rooted out of his people. fashioning this gold with a graving tool,
made a molten calf. Then they cried out,
15
Six days there are for doing work, but "This is your God, O Israel, who brought
the seventh day is the sabbath of you out of the land of Egypt."
complete rest, sacred to the LORD.
Anyone who does work on the sabbath 5
On seeing this, Aaron built an altar
day shall be put to death. before the calf and proclaimed,
"Tomorrow is a feast of the LORD."
16
So shall the Israelites observe the
sabbath, keeping it throughout their 6
Early the next day the people offered
generations as a perpetual covenant. holocausts and brought peace offerings.
Then they sat down to eat and drink,
17
Between me and the Israelites it is to and rose up to revel.
be an everlasting token; for in six days
the LORD made the heavens and the 7
With that, the LORD said to Moses,
earth, but on the seventh day he rested "Go down at once to your people, whom
at his ease." you brought out of the land of Egypt, for
they have become depraved.
18
When the LORD had finished
speaking to Moses on Mount Sinai, he 8
They have soon turned aside from the
gave him the two tablets of the way I pointed out to them, making for
commandments, the stone tablets themselves a molten calf and
inscribed by God's own finger. worshiping it, sacrificing to it and crying
out, 'This is your God, O Israel, who
brought you out of the land of Egypt!'
32 When the people became aware
9
of Moses' delay in coming down from I see how stiff-necked this people is,"
the mountain, they gathered around continued the LORD to Moses.
Aaron and said to him, "Come, make us
10
a god who will be our leader; as for the "Let me alone, then, that my wrath
man Moses who brought us out of the may blaze up against them to consume
18
them. Then I will make of you a great But Moses answered, "It does not
nation." sound like cries of victory, nor does it
sound like cries of defeat; the sounds
11
But Moses implored the LORD, his that I hear are cries of revelry."
God, saying, "Why, O LORD, should
19
your wrath blaze up against your own As he drew near the camp, he saw the
people, whom you brought out of the calf and the dancing. With that, Moses'
land of Egypt with such great power and wrath flared up, so that he threw the
with so strong a hand? tablets down and broke them on the
base of the mountain.
12
Why should the Egyptians say, 'With
20
evil intent he brought them out, that he Taking the calf they had made, he
might kill them in the mountains and fused it in the fire and then ground it
exterminate them from the face of the down to powder, which he scattered on
earth'? Let your blazing wrath die down; the water and made the Israelites drink.
relent in punishing your people.
21
Moses asked Aaron, "What did this
13
Remember your servants Abraham, people ever do to you that you should
Isaac and Israel, and how you swore to lead them into so grave a sin?" Aaron
them by your own self, saying, 'I will replied, "Let not my lord be angry.
make your descendants as numerous
as the stars in the sky; and all this land 22
You know well enough how prone the
that I promised, I will give your people are to evil.
descendants as their perpetual
heritage.'" 23
They said to me, 'Make us a god to be
14
our leader; as for the man Moses who
So the LORD relented in the brought us out of the land of Egypt, we
punishment he had threatened to inflict do not know what has happened to him.'
on his people.
24
15
So I told them, 'Let anyone who has
Moses then turned and came down gold jewelry take it off.' They gave it to
the mountain with the two tablets of the me, and I threw it into the fire, and this
commandments in his hands, tablets calf came out."
that were written on both sides, front
and back; 25
When Moses realized that, to the
16
scornful joy of their foes, Aaron had let
tablets that were made by God, having the people run wild,
inscriptions on them that were engraved
by God himself. 26
he stood at the gate of the camp and
17
cried, "Whoever is for the LORD, let him
Now, when Joshua heard the noise of come to me!" All the Levites then rallied
the people shouting, he said to Moses, to him,
"That sounds like a battle in the camp."
27 35
and he told them, "Thus says the Thus the LORD smote the people for
LORD, the God of Israel: Put your sword having had Aaron make the calf for
on your hip, every one of you! Now go them.
up and down the camp, from gate to
gate, and slay your own kinsmen, your
friends and neighbors!" 33The LORD told Moses, "You and
28 the people whom you have brought up
The Levites carried out the command from the land of Egypt, are to go up from
of Moses, and that day there fell about here to the land which I swore to
three thousand of the people. Abraham, Isaac and Jacob I would give
29
to their descendants.
Then Moses said, "Today you have
been dedicated to the LORD, for you 2
Driving out the Canaanites, Amorites,
were against your own sons and Hittites, Perizzites, Hivites and Jebusites,
kinsmen, to bring a blessing upon I will send an angel before you
yourselves this day."
3
30 to the land flowing with milk and honey.
On the next day Moses said to the But I myself will not go up in your
people, "You have committed a grave company, because you are a stiff-
sin. I will go up to the LORD, then; necked people; otherwise I might
perhaps I may be able to make exterminate you on the way."
atonement for your sin."
4
31 When the people heard this bad news,
So Moses went back to the LORD and they went into mourning, and no one
said, "Ah, this people has indeed wore his ornaments.
committed a grave sin in making a god
of gold for themselves! 5
The LORD said to Moses, "Tell the
32 Israelites: You are a stiff-necked people.
If you would only forgive their sin! If Were I to go up in your company even
you will not, then strike me out of the for a moment, I would exterminate you.
book that you have written." Take off your ornaments, therefore; I will
33
then see what I am to do with you."
The LORD answered, "Him only who
has sinned against me will I strike out of 6
So, from Mount Horeb onward, the
my book. Israelites laid aside their ornaments.
34
Now, go and lead the people whither I 7
The tent, which was called the meeting
have told you. My angel will go before tent, Moses used to pitch at some
you. When it is time for me to punish, I distance away, outside the camp.
will punish them for their sin." Anyone who wished to consult the
LORD would go to this meeting tent
outside the camp.
8 16
Whenever Moses went out to the tent, For how can it be known that we, your
the people would all rise and stand at people and I, have found favor with you,
the entrance of their own tents, watching except by your going with us? Then we,
Moses until he entered the tent. your people and I, will be singled out
from every other people on the earth."
9
As Moses entered the tent, the column
17
of cloud would come down and stand at The LORD said to Moses, "This
its entrance while the LORD spoke with request, too, which you have just made,
Moses. I will carry out, because you have found
favor with me and you are my intimate
10
On seeing the column of cloud stand friend."
at the entrance of the tent, all the people
18
would rise and worship at the entrance Then Moses said, "Do let me see your
of their own tents. glory!"

11 19
The LORD used to speak to Moses He answered, "I will make all my
face to face, as one man speaks to beauty pass before you, and in your
another. Moses would then return to the presence I will pronounce my name,
camp, but his young assistant, Joshua, 'LORD'; I who show favors to whom I will,
son of Nun, would not move out of the I who grant mercy to whom I will.
tent.
20
But my face you cannot see, for no
12
Moses said to the LORD, "You, indeed, man sees me and still lives.
are telling me to lead this people on; but
you have not let me know whom you will 21
Here," continued the LORD, "is a place
send with me. Yet you have said, 'You near me where you shall station yourself
are my intimate friend,' and also, 'You on the rock.
have found favor with me.'
22
13
When my glory passes I will set you in
Now, if I have found favor with you, do the hollow of the rock and will cover you
let me know your ways so that, in with my hand until I have passed by.
knowing you, I may continue to find
favor with you. Then, too, this nation is, 23
Then I will remove my hand, so that
after all, your own people." you may see my back; but my face is
14
not to be seen."
"I myself," the LORD answered, "will
go along, to give you rest."

15
Moses replied, "If you are not going
34The LORD said to Moses, "Cut
yourself, do not make us go up from two stone tablets like the former, that I
here. may write on them the commandments
which were on the former tablets that
you broke.
2 10
Get ready for tomorrow morning, when "Here, then," said the LORD, "is the
you are to go up Mount Sinai and there covenant I will make. Before the eyes of
present yourself to me on the top of the all your people I will work such marvels
mountain. as have never been wrought in any
nation anywhere on earth, so that this
3
No one shall come up with you, and no people among whom you live may see
one is even to be seen on any part of how awe-inspiring are the deeds which I,
the mountain; even the flocks and the the LORD, will do at your side.
herds are not to go grazing toward this
11
mountain." But you, on your part, must keep the
commandments I am giving you today.
4
Moses then cut two stone tablets like "I will drive out before you the Amorites,
the former, and early the next morning Canaanites, Hittites, Perizzites, Hivites
he went up Mount Sinai as the LORD and Jebusites.
had commanded him, taking along the
12
two stone tablets. Take care, therefore, not to make a
covenant with these inhabitants of the
5
Having come down in a cloud, the land that you are to enter; else they will
LORD stood with him there and become a snare among you.
proclaimed his name, "LORD."
13
Tear down their altars; smash their
6
Thus the LORD passed before him and sacred pillars, and cut down their sacred
cried out, "The LORD, the LORD, a poles.
merciful and gracious God, slow to
14
anger and rich in kindness and fidelity, You shall not worship any other god,
for the LORD is 'the Jealous One'; a
7
continuing his kindness for a thousand jealous God is he.
generations, and forgiving wickedness
15
and crime and sin; yet not declaring the Do not make a covenant with the
guilty guiltless, but punishing children inhabitants of that land; else, when they
and grandchildren to the third and fourth render their wanton worship to their
generation for their fathers' wickedness!" gods and sacrifice to them, one of them
may invite you and you may partake of
8
Moses at once bowed down to the his sacrifice.
ground in worship.
16
Neither shall you take their daughters
9
Then he said, "If I find favor with you, O as wives for your sons; otherwise, when
Lord, do come along in our company. their daughters render their wanton
This is indeed a stiff-necked people; yet worship to their gods, they will make
pardon our wickedness and sins, and your sons do the same.
receive us as your own."
17
"You shall not make for yourselves
molten gods.
18 26
"You shall keep the feast of "The choicest first fruits of your soil
Unleavened Bread. For seven days at you shall bring to the house of the
the prescribed time in the month of Abib LORD, your God. "You shall not boil a
you are to eat unleavened bread, as I kid in its mother's milk."
commanded you; for in the month of
Abib you came out of Egypt. 27
Then the LORD said to Moses, "Write
down these words, for in accordance
19
"To me belongs every first-born male with them I have made a covenant with
that opens the womb among all your you and with Israel."
livestock, whether in the herd or in the
flock. 28
So Moses stayed there with the LORD
for forty days and forty nights, without
20
The firstling of an ass you shall eating any food or drinking any water,
redeem with one of the flock; if you do and he wrote on the tablets the words of
not redeem it, you must break its neck. the covenant, the ten commandments.
The first-born among your sons you
shall redeem. "No one shall appear 29
As Moses came down from Mount
before me empty-handed. Sinai with the two tablets of the
commandments in his hands, he did not
21
"For six days you may work, but on the know that the skin of his face had
seventh day you shall rest; on that day become radiant while he conversed with
you must rest even during the seasons the LORD.
of plowing and harvesting.
30
When Aaron, then, and the other
22
"You shall keep the feast of Weeks Israelites saw Moses and noticed how
with the first of the wheat harvest; radiant the skin of his face had become,
likewise, the feast at the fruit harvest at they were afraid to come near him.
the close of the year.
31
Only after Moses called to them did
23
Three times a year all your men shall Aaron and all the rulers of the
appear before the Lord, the LORD God community come back to him. Moses
of Israel. then spoke to them.

24 32
Since I will drive out the nations before Later on, all the Israelites came up to
you to give you a large territory, there him, and he enjoined on them all that
will be no one to covet your land when the LORD had told him on Mount Sinai.
you go up three times a year to appear
before the LORD, your God. 33
When he finished speaking with them,
he put a veil over his face.
25
"You shall not offer me the blood of
sacrifice with leavened bread, nor shall 34
Whenever Moses entered the
the sacrifice of the Passover feast be presence of the LORD to converse with
kept overnight for the next day. him, he removed the veil until he came
9
out again. On coming out, he would tell onyx stones and other gems for
the Israelites all that had been mounting on the ephod and on the
commanded. breastpiece.

35 10
Then the Israelites would see that the "Let every expert among you come
skin of Moses' face was radiant; so he and make all that the LORD has
would again put the veil over his face commanded: the Dwelling,
until he went in to converse with the
LORD. 11
with its tent, its covering, its clasps, its
boards, its bars, its columns and its
pedestals;
35 Moses assembled the whole
12
Israelite community and said to them, the ark, with its poles, the propitiatory,
"This is what the LORD has and the curtain veil;
commanded to be done.
13
the table, with its poles and all its
2
On six days work may be done, but the appurtenances, and the showbread;
seventh day shall be sacred to you as
14
the sabbath of complete rest to the the lampstand, with its appurtenances,
LORD. Anyone who does work on that the lamps, and the oil for the light;
day shall be put to death.
15
the altar of incense, with its poles; the
3
You shall not even light a fire in any of anointing oil, and the fragrant incense;
your dwellings on the sabbath day." the entrance curtain for the entrance of
the Dwelling;
4
Moses told the whole Israelite
16
community, "This is what the LORD has the altar of holocausts, with its bronze
commanded: grating, its poles, and all its
appurtenances; the laver, with its base;
5
Take up among you a collection for the
17
LORD. Everyone, as his heart prompts the hangings of the court, with their
him, shall bring, as a contribution to the columns and pedestals; the curtain for
LORD, gold, silver and bronze; the entrance of the court;

6 18
violet, purple and scarlet yarn; fine linen the tent pegs for the Dwelling and for
and goat hair; the court, with their ropes;

7 19
rams' skins dyed red, and tahash skins; the service cloths for use in the
acacia wood; sanctuary; the sacred vestments for
Aaron, the priest, and the vestments
8
oil for the light; spices for the anointing worn by his sons in their ministry."
oil and for the fragrant incense;
20 29
When the whole Israelite community Every Israelite man and woman
left Moses' presence, brought to the LORD such voluntary
offerings as they thought best, for the
21
everyone, as his heart suggested and various kinds of work which the LORD
his spirit prompted, brought a had commanded Moses to have done.
contribution to the LORD for the
30
construction of the meeting tent, for all Moses said to the Israelites, "See, the
its services, and for the sacred LORD has chosen Bezalel, son of Uri,
vestments. son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah,

22 31
Both the men and the women, all as and has filled him with a divine spirit of
their heart prompted them, brought skill and understanding and knowledge
brooches, earrings, rings, necklaces and in every craft:
various other gold articles. Everyone
who could presented an offering of gold 32
in the production of embroidery, in
to the LORD. making things of gold, silver or bronze,
23
Everyone who happened to have violet, 33
in cutting and mounting precious
purple or scarlet yarn, fine linen or goat stones, in carving wood, and in every
hair, rams' skins dyed red or tahash other craft.
skins, brought them.
34
24
He has also given both him and
Whoever could make a contribution of Oholiab, son of Ahisamach, of the tribe
silver or bronze offered it to the LORD; of Dan, the ability to teach others.
and everyone who happened to have
acacia wood for any part of the work, 35
He has endowed them with skill to
brought it. execute all types of work: engraving,
25
embroidering, the making of variegated
All the women who were expert cloth of violet, purple and scarlet yarn
spinners brought hand-spun violet, and fine linen thread, weaving, and all
purple and scarlet yarn and fine linen other arts and crafts.
thread.

26
All the women who possessed the skill,
spun goat hair.
36"Bezalel, therefore, will set to work
with Oholiab and with all the experts
27 whom the LORD has endowed with skill
The princes brought onyx stones and and understanding in knowing how to
other gems for mounting on the ephod execute all the work for the service of
and on the breastpiece; the sanctuary, just as the LORD has
28
commanded."
as well as spices, and oil for the light,
anointing oil, and fragrant incense. 2
Moses then called Bezalel and Oholiab
and all the other experts whom the
10
LORD had endowed with skill, men Five of the sheets were sewed
whose hearts moved them to come and together, edge to edge; and the same
take part in the work. for the other five.

3 11
They received from Moses all the Loops of violet yarn were made along
contributions which the Israelites had the edge of the end sheet in the first set,
brought for establishing the service of and the same along the edge of the end
the sanctuary. Still, morning after sheet in the second set.
morning the people continued to bring
their voluntary offerings to Moses. 12
Fifty loops were thus put on one inner
sheet, and fifty loops on the inner sheet
4
Thereupon the experts who were in the other set, with the loops directly
executing the various kinds of work for opposite each other.
the sanctuary, all left the work they were
doing, 13
Then fifty clasps of gold were made,
with which the sheets were joined so
5
and told Moses, "The people are that the Dwelling formed one whole.
bringing much more than is needed to
carry out the work which the LORD has 14
Sheets of goat hair were also woven
commanded us to do." as a tent over the Dwelling. Eleven such
sheets were made.
6
Moses, therefore, ordered a
proclamation to be made throughout the 15
The length of each sheet was thirty
camp: "Let neither man nor woman cubits and the width four cubits; all
make any more contributions for the eleven sheets were the same size.
sanctuary." So the people stopped
bringing their offerings; 16
Five of these sheets were sewed edge
7
to edge into one set; and the other six
there was already enough at hand, in sheets into another set.
fact, more than enough, to complete the
work to be done. 17
Fifty loops were made along the edge
8
of the end sheet in one set, and fifty
The various experts who were loops along the edge of the
executing the work, made the Dwelling corresponding sheet in the other set.
with its ten sheets woven of fine linen
twined, having cherubim embroidered 18
Fifty bronze clasps were made with
on them with violet, purple and scarlet which the tent was joined so that it
yarn.
formed one whole.
9
The length of each sheet was twenty- 19
A covering for the tent was made of
eight cubits, and the width four cubits; rams' skins dyed red, and above that, a
all the sheets were of the same size.
covering of tahash skins.
20 31
Boards of acacia wood were made as Bars of acacia wood were also made,
walls for the Dwelling. five for the boards on one side of the
Dwelling,
21
The length of each board was ten
32
cubits, and the width one and a half five for those on the other side, and
cubits. five for those at the rear, to the west.

22 33
Each board had two arms, fastening The center bar, at the middle of the
them in line. In this way all the boards of boards, was made to reach across from
the Dwelling were made. end to end.

23 34
They were set up as follows: twenty The boards were plated with gold, and
boards on the south side, gold rings were made on them as
holders for the bars, which were also
24
with forty silver pedestals under the plated with gold.
twenty boards, so that there were two
35
pedestals under each board, at its two The veil was woven of violet, purple
arms; and scarlet yarn, and of fine linen twined,
with cherubim embroidered on it.
25
twenty boards on the other side of the
36
Dwelling, the north side, Four gold-plated columns of acacia
wood, with gold hooks, were made for it,
26
with their forty silver pedestals, two and four silver pedestals were cast for
under each board; them.

37
27
six boards at the rear of the Dwelling, The curtain for the entrance of the tent
to the west; was made of violet, purple and scarlet
yarn, and of fine linen twined, woven in
28 a variegated manner.
and two boards at the corners in the
rear of the Dwelling. 38
Its five columns, with their hooks as
29
These were double at the bottom, and well as their capitals and bands, were
likewise double at the top, to the first plated with gold; their five pedestals
were of bronze.
ring. That is how both boards in the
corners were made.

30
Thus, there were in the rear eight 37Bezalel made the ark of acacia
boards, with their sixteen silver wood, two and a half cubits long, one
pedestals, two pedestals under each and a half cubits wide, and one and a
board. half cubits high.
2 13
The inside and outside were plated with Four rings of gold were cast for it and
gold, and a molding of gold was put fastened, one at each of the four
around it. corners.

3 14
Four gold rings were cast and put on its The rings were alongside the frame as
four supports, two rings for one side and holders for the poles to carry the table.
two for the opposite side.
15
These poles were made of acacia
4
Poles of acacia wood were made and wood and plated with gold.
plated with gold;
16
The vessels that were set on the table,
5
these were put through the rings on the its plates and cups, as well as its
sides of the ark, for carrying it. pitchers and bowls for pouring libations,
were of pure gold.
6
The propitiatory was made of pure gold,
17
two and a half cubits long and one and a The lampstand was made of pure
half cubits wide. beaten gold--its shaft and branches as
well as its cups and knobs and petals
7
Two cherubim of beaten gold were springing directly from it.
made for the two ends of the propitiatory,
18
Six branches extended from its sides,
8
one cherub fastened at one end, the three branches on one side and three
other at the other end, springing directly on the other.
from the propitiatory at its two ends.
19
On one branch there were three cups,
9
The cherubim had their wings spread shaped like almond blossoms, each with
out above, covering the propitiatory with its knob and petals; on the opposite
them. They were turned toward each branch there were three cups, shaped
other, but with their faces looking toward like almond blossoms, each with its
the propitiatory. knob and petals; and so for the six
branches that extended from the
10 lampstand.
The table was made of acacia wood,
two cubits long, one cubit wide, and one 20
and a half cubits high. On the shaft there were four cups,
shaped like almond blossoms, with their
11
It was plated with pure gold, and a knobs and petals,
molding of gold was put around it. 21
including a knob below each of the
12 three pairs of branches that extended
A frame a handbreadth high was also
put around it, with a molding of gold from the lampstand.
around the frame.
22 3
The knobs and branches sprang so All the utensils of the altar, the pots,
directly from it that the whole formed but shovels, basins, forks and fire pans,
a single piece of pure beaten gold. were likewise made of bronze.

23 4
Its seven lamps, as well as its A grating of bronze network was made
trimming shears and trays, were made for the altar and placed round it, on the
of pure gold. ground, half as high as the altar itself.

24 5
A talent of pure gold was used for the Four rings were cast for the four
lampstand and its various corners of the bronze grating, as holders
appurtenances. for the poles,

25 6
The altar of incense was made of which were made of acacia wood and
acacia wood, on a square, a cubit long, plated with bronze.
a cubit wide, and two cubits high, having
horns that sprang directly from it. 7
The poles were put through the rings
on the sides of the altar for carrying it.
26
Its grate on top, its walls on all four The altar was made in the form of a
sides, and its horns were plated with hollow box.
pure gold; and a molding of gold was
put around it. 8
The bronze laver, with its bronze base,
was made from the mirrors of the
27
Underneath the molding gold rings women who served at the entrance of
were placed, two on one side and two the meeting tent.
on the opposite side, as holders for the
poles to carry it. 9
The court was made as follows. On the
south side of the court there were
28
The poles, too, were made of acacia hangings, woven of fine linen twined, a
wood and plated with gold. hundred cubits long,

29 10
The sacred anointing oil and the with twenty columns and twenty
fragrant incense were prepared in their pedestals of bronze, the hooks and
pure form by a perfumer. bands of the columns being of silver.

11
On the north side there were similar
38 The altar of holocausts was made hangings, one hundred cubits long, with
twenty columns and twenty pedestals of
of acacia wood, on a square, five cubits
long and five cubits wide; its height was bronze, the hooks and bands of the
three cubits. columns being of silver.

12
2
At the four corners horns were made On the west side there were hangings,
that sprang directly from the altar. The fifty cubits long, with ten columns and
whole was plated with bronze.
ten pedestals, the hooks and bands of the Levites under the direction of
the columns being of silver. Ithamar, son of Aaron the priest.

13 22
On the east side the court was fifty However, it was Bezalel, son of Uri,
cubits long. son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah, who
made all that the Lord commanded
14
Toward one side there were hangings Moses,
to the extent of fifteen cubits, with three
23
columns and three pedestals; toward and he was assisted by Oholiab, son
the other side, of Ahisamach, of the tribe of Dan, who
was an engraver, an embroiderer, and a
15
beyond the entrance of the court, there weaver of variegated cloth of violet,
were likewise hangings to the extent of purple and scarlet yarn and of fine linen.
fifteen cubits, with three columns and
24
three pedestals. All the gold used in the entire
construction of the sanctuary, having
16
The hangings on all sides of the court previously been given as an offering,
were woven of fine linen twined. amounted to twenty-nine talents and
seven hundred and thirty shekels,
17 according to the standard of the
The pedestals of the columns were of
bronze, while the hooks and bands of sanctuary shekel.
the columns were of silver; the capitals 25
were silver-plated, and all the columns The amount of the silver received from
of the court were banded with silver. the community was one hundred talents
and one thousand seven hundred and
18
At the entrance of the court there was seventy-five shekels, according to the
a variegated curtain, woven of violet, standard of the sanctuary shekel;
purple and scarlet yarn and of fine linen 26
twined, twenty cubits long and five one bekah apiece, that is, a half-
cubits wide, in keeping with the shekel apiece, according to the standard
hangings of the court. of the sanctuary shekel, was received
from every man of twenty years or more
19 who entered the registered group; the
There were four columns and four
pedestals of bronze for it, while their number of these was six hundred and
hooks were of silver. three thousand five hundred and fifty
men.
20
All the tent pegs for the Dwelling and 27
One hundred talents of silver were
for the court around it were of bronze.
used for casting the pedestals of the
21 sanctuary and the pedestals of the veil,
The following is an account of the one talent for each pedestal, or one
various amounts used on the Dwelling, hundred talents for the one hundred
the Dwelling of the commandments, pedestals.
drawn up at the command of Moses by
28
The remaining one thousand seven and scarlet yarn, and of fine linen twined,
hundred and seventy-five shekels were as the LORD had commanded Moses.
used for making the hooks on the
columns, for plating the capitals, and for 6
The onyx stones were prepared and
banding them with silver. mounted in gold filigree work; they were
engraved like seal engravings with the
29
The bronze, given as an offering, names of the sons of Israel.
amounted to seventy talents and two
thousand four hundred shekels. 7
These stones were set on the shoulder
straps of the ephod as memorial stones
30
With this were made the pedestals at of the sons of Israel, just as the LORD
the entrance of the meeting tent, the had commanded Moses.
bronze altar with its bronze gratings and
all the appurtenances of the altar, 8
The breastpiece was embroidered like
the ephod, with gold thread and violet,
31
the pedestals around the court, the purple and scarlet yarn on cloth of fine
pedestals at the entrance of the court, linen twined.
and all the tent pegs for the Dwelling
and for the court around it. 9
It was square and folded double, a
span high and a span wide in its folded
form.
39 With violet, purple and scarlet
10
yarn were woven the service cloths for Four rows of precious stones were
use in the sanctuary, as well as the mounted on it: in the first row a
sacred vestments for Aaron, as the carnelian, a topaz and an emerald;
LORD had commanded Moses.
11
in the second row, a garnet, a
2
The ephod was woven of gold thread sapphire and a beryl;
and of violet, purple and scarlet yarn
12
and of fine linen twined. in the third row a jacinth, an agate and
an amethyst;
3
Gold was first hammered into gold leaf
13
and then cut up into threads, which were in the fourth row a chrysolite, an onyx
woven with the violet, purple and scarlet and a jasper. They were mounted in
yarn into an embroidered pattern on the gold filigree work.
fine linen.
14
These stones were twelve, to match
4
Shoulder straps were made for it and the names of the sons of Israel, and
joined to its two upper ends. each stone was engraved like a seal
with the name of one of the twelve tribes.
5
The embroidered belt on the ephod
15
extended out from it, and like it, was Chains of pure gold, twisted like cords,
made of gold thread, of violet, purple were made for the breastpiece,
16 25
together with two gold filigree rosettes bells of pure gold were also made and
and two gold rings. The two rings were put between the pomegranates all
fastened to the two upper ends of the around the hem of the robe:
breastpiece.
26
first a bell, then a pomegranate, and
17
The two gold chains were then thus alternating all around the hem of
fastened to the two rings at the ends of the robe which was to be worn in
the breastpiece. performing the ministry--all this, just as
the LORD had commanded Moses.
18
The other two ends of the two chains
27
were fastened in front to the two filigree For Aaron and his sons there were
rosettes, which were attached to the also woven tunics of fine linen;
shoulder straps of the ephod.
28
the miter of fine linen; the ornate
19
Two other gold rings were made and turbans of fine linen; drawers of linen (of
put on the two lower ends of the fine linen twined);
breastpiece, on the edge facing the
ephod. 29
and sashes of variegated work made
of fine linen twined and of violet, purple
20
Two more gold rings were made and and scarlet yarn, as the LORD had
fastened to the bottom of the two commanded Moses.
shoulder straps next to where they
joined the ephod in front, just above its 30
The plate of the sacred diadem was
embroidered belt. made of pure gold and inscribed, as on
a seal engraving: "Sacred to the LORD."
21
Violet ribbons bound the rings of the
breastpiece to the rings of the ephod, so 31
It was tied over the miter with a violet
that the breastpiece stayed right above ribbon, as the LORD had commanded
the embroidered belt of the ephod and Moses.
did not swing loose from it. All this was
just as the LORD had commanded 32
Thus the entire work of the Dwelling of
Moses. the meeting tent was completed. The
22
Israelites did the work just as the LORD
The robe of the ephod was woven had commanded Moses.
entirely of violet yarn,
33
23
They then brought to Moses the
with an opening in its center like the Dwelling, the tent with all its
opening of a shirt, with selvage around appurtenances, the clasps, the boards,
the opening to keep it from being torn. the bars, the columns, the pedestals,
24
At the hem of the robe pomegranates 34
the covering of rams' skins dyed red,
were made of violet, purple and scarlet the covering of tahash skins, the curtain
yarn and of fine linen twined; veil;
35 2
the ark of the commandments with its "On the first day of the first month you
poles, the propitiatory, shall erect the Dwelling of the meeting
tent.
36
the table with all its appurtenances
3
and the showbread, Put the ark of the commandments in it,
and screen off the ark with the veil.
37
the pure gold lampstand with its lamps
4
set up on it and with all its Bring in the table and set it. Then bring
appurtenances, the oil for the light, in the lampstand and set up the lamps
on it.
38
the golden altar, the anointing oil, the
5
fragrant incense; the curtain for the Put the golden altar of incense in front
entrance of the tent, of the ark of the commandments, and
hang the curtain at the entrance of the
39
the altar of bronze with its bronze Dwelling.
grating, its poles and all its
6
appurtenances, the laver with its base, Put the altar of holocausts in front of
the entrance of the Dwelling of the
40
the hangings of the court with their meeting tent.
columns and pedestals, the curtain for
7
the entrance of the court with its ropes Place the laver between the meeting
and tent pegs, all the equipment for the tent and the altar, and put water in it.
service of the Dwelling of the meeting
tent; 8
Set up the court round about, and put
the curtain at the entrance of the court.
41
the service cloths for use in the
sanctuary, the sacred vestments for 9
"Take the anointing oil and anoint the
Aaron the priest, and the vestments to Dwelling and everything in it,
be worn by his sons in their ministry. consecrating it and all its furnishings, so
that it will be sacred.
42
The Israelites had carried out all the
work just as the LORD had commanded 10
Anoint the altar of holocausts and all
Moses. its appurtenances, consecrating it, so
that it will be most sacred.
43
So when Moses saw that all the work
was done just as the LORD had 11
Likewise, anoint the laver with its base,
commanded, he blessed them. and thus consecrate it.

12
"Then bring Aaron and his sons to the
40Then the LORD said to Moses, entrance of the meeting tent, and there
wash them with water.
13 23
Clothe Aaron with the sacred and arranged the bread on it before
vestments and anoint him, thus the LORD, as the LORD had
consecrating him as my priest. commanded him.

14 24
Bring forward his sons also, and clothe He placed the lampstand in the
them with the tunics. meeting tent, opposite the table, on the
south side of the Dwelling,
15
As you have anointed their father,
25
anoint them also as my priests. Thus, by and he set up the lamps before the
being anointed, shall they receive a LORD, as the LORD had commanded
perpetual priesthood throughout all him.
future generations."
26
He placed the golden altar in the
16
Moses did exactly as the LORD had meeting tent, in front of the veil,
commanded him.
27
and on it he burned fragrant incense,
17
On the first day of the first month of as the LORD had commanded him.
the second year the Dwelling was
erected. 28
He hung the curtain at the entrance of
the Dwelling.
18
It was Moses who erected the
Dwelling. He placed its pedestals, set up 29
He put the altar of holocausts in front
its boards, put in its bars, and set up its of the entrance of the Dwelling of the
columns. meeting tent, and offered holocausts
and cereal offerings on it, as the LORD
19
He spread the tent over the Dwelling had commanded him.
and put the covering on top of the tent,
as the LORD had commanded him. 30
He placed the laver between the
meeting tent and the altar, and put water
20
He took the commandments and put in it for washing.
them in the ark; he placed poles
alongside the ark and set the 31
Moses and Aaron and his sons used
propitiatory upon it. to wash their hands and feet there,
21
He brought the ark into the Dwelling 32
for they washed themselves whenever
and hung the curtain veil, thus screening they went into the meeting tent or
off the ark of the commandments, as the approached the altar, as the LORD had
LORD had commanded him. commanded Moses.
22
He put the table in the meeting tent, on 33
Finally, he set up the court around the
the north side of the Dwelling, outside Dwelling and the altar and hung the
the veil, curtain at the entrance of the court.
Thus Moses finished all the work.
34 37
Then the cloud covered the meeting But if the cloud did not lift, they would
tent, and the glory of the LORD filled the not go forward; only when it lifted did
Dwelling. they go forward.

35 38
Moses could not enter the meeting In the daytime the cloud of the LORD
tent, because the cloud settled down was seen over the Dwelling; whereas at
upon it and the glory of the LORD filled night, fire was seen in the cloud by the
the Dwelling. whole house of Israel in all the stages of
their journey.
36
Whenever the cloud rose from the
Dwelling, the Israelites would set out on
their journey.
Leviticus
9
The inner organs and the shanks,
however, the offerer shall first wash with
1The LORD called Moses, and from water. The priest shall then burn the
whole offering on the altar as a
the meeting tent gave him this message: holocaust, a sweet-smelling oblation to
2
the LORD.
"Speak to the Israelites and tell them:
When any one of you wishes to bring an 10
"If his holocaust offering is from the
animal offering to the LORD, such an flock, that is, a sheep or a goat, he must
offering must be from the herd or from bring a male without blemish.
the flock.
11
3 This he shall slaughter before the
"If his holocaust offering is from the LORD at the north side of the altar.
herd, it must be a male without blemish. Then Aaron's sons, the priests, shall
To find favor with the LORD, he shall splash its blood on the sides of the altar.
bring it to the entrance of the meeting
tent 12
When the offerer has cut it up into
4 pieces, the priest shall lay these,
and there lay his hand on the head of together with the head and suet, on top
the holocaust, so that it may be of the wood and the fire on the altar.
acceptable to make atonement for him.
13
5 The inner organs and the shanks,
He shall then slaughter the bull before however, the offerer shall first wash with
the LORD, but Aaron's sons, the priests, water. The priest shall offer them up and
shall offer up its blood by splashing it on then burn the whole offering on the altar
the sides of the altar which is at the as a holocaust, a sweet-smelling
entrance of the meeting tent. oblation to the LORD.
6
Then he shall skin the holocaust and 14
"If he offers a bird as a holocaust to
cut it up into pieces. the LORD, he shall choose a turtledove
7
or a pigeon as his offering.
After Aaron's sons, the priests, have
put some burning embers on the altar 15
Having brought it to the altar where it
and laid some wood on them, is to be burned, the priest shall snap its
8
head loose and squeeze out its blood
they shall lay the pieces of meat, against the side of the altar.
together with the head and the suet, on
top of the wood and embers on the altar. 16
Its crop and feathers shall be removed
and thrown on the ash heap at the east
side of the altar.
17 8
Then, having split the bird down the A cereal offering that is made in any of
middle without separating the halves, these ways you shall bring to the LORD,
the priest shall burn it on the altar, over offering it to the priest, who shall take it
the wood on the fire, as a holocaust, a to the altar.
sweet-smelling oblation to the LORD.
9
Its token offering the priest shall then lift
from the cereal offering and burn on the
2"When anyone wishes to bring a altar as a sweet-smelling oblation to the
LORD.
cereal offering to the LORD, his offering
must consist of fine flour. He shall pour 10
oil on it and put frankincense over it. The rest of the cereal offering belongs
to Aaron and his sons. It is a most
2
When he has brought it to Aaron's sons, sacred oblation to the LORD.
the priests, one of them shall take a 11
handful of this fine flour and oil, together "Every cereal offering that you present
with all the frankincense, and this he to the LORD shall be unleavened, for
shall burn on the altar as a token you shall not burn any leaven or honey
offering, a sweet-smelling oblation to the as an oblation to the LORD.
LORD.
12
Such you may indeed present to the
3
The rest of the cereal offering belongs LORD in the offering of first fruits, but
to Aaron and his sons. It is a most they are not to be placed on the altar for
sacred oblation to the LORD. a pleasing odor.

13
4
"When the cereal offering you present However, every cereal offering that
is baked in an oven, it must be in the you present to the LORD shall be
form of unleavened cakes made of fine seasoned with salt. Do not let the salt of
flour mixed with oil, or of unleavened the covenant of your God be lacking
wafers spread with oil. from your cereal offering. On every
offering you shall offer salt.
5
If you present a cereal offering that is 14
fried on a griddle, it must be of fine flour "If you present a cereal offering of first
mixed with oil and unleavened. fruits to the LORD, you shall offer it in
the form of fresh grits of new ears of
6
Such a cereal offering must be broken grain, roasted by fire.
into pieces, and oil must be poured over 15
it. On this cereal offering you shall put oil
and frankincense.
7
If you present a cereal offering that is 16
prepared in a pot, it must be of fine flour, For its token offering the priest shall
deep-fried in oil. then burn some of the grits and oil,
together with all the frankincense, as an
oblation to the LORD.
whole fatty tail, which he must sever
3"If someone in presenting a peace close to the spine, the fatty membrane
over the inner organs, and all the fat that
offering makes his offering from the herd,
he may offer before the LORD either a adheres to them,
male or a female animal, but it must be 10
without blemish. as well as the two kidneys, with the fat
on them near the loins, and the lobe of
2
He shall lay his hand on the head of his the liver, which he must sever above the
offering, and then slaughter it at the kidneys.
entrance of the meeting tent; but 11
Aaron's sons, the priests, shall splash its All this the priest shall burn on the altar
blood on the sides of the altar. as the food of the LORD'S oblation.

12
3
From the peace offering he shall offer "If he presents a goat, he shall bring it
as an oblation to the LORD the fatty before the LORD,
membrane over the inner organs, and
13
all the fat that adheres to them, and after laying his hand on its head,
he shall slaughter it before the meeting
4
as well as the two kidneys, with the fat tent; but Aaron's sons shall splash its
on them near the loins, and the lobe of blood on the sides of the altar.
the liver, which he shall sever above the
14
kidneys. From it he shall offer as an oblation to
the LORD the fatty membrane over the
5
All this Aaron's sons shall then burn on inner organs, and all the fat that adheres
the altar with the holocaust, on the wood to them,
over the fire, as a sweet-smelling
15
oblation to the LORD. as well as the two kidneys, with the fat
on them near the loins, and the lobe of
6
"If the peace offering he presents to the the liver, which he must sever above the
LORD is from the flock, he may offer kidneys.
either a male or a female animal, but it
16
must be without blemish. All this the priest shall burn on the altar
as the food of the sweet-smelling
7
If he presents a lamb as his offering, he oblation. All the fat belongs to the LORD.
shall bring it before the LORD,
17
This shall be a perpetual ordinance for
8
and after laying his hand on the head of your descendants wherever they may
his offering, he shall slaughter it before dwell. You shall not partake of any fat or
the meeting tent; but Aaron's sons shall any blood."
splash its blood on the sides of the altar.

9
As an oblation to the LORD he shall
present the fat of the peace offering: the
4The LORD said to Moses,
2 10
"Tell the Israelites: When a person This is the same as is removed from
inadvertently commits a sin against the ox of the peace offering; and the
some command of the LORD by doing priest shall burn it on the altar of
one of the forbidden things, holocausts.

3 11
if it is the anointed priest who thus sins The hide of the bullock and all its flesh,
and thereby makes the people also with its head, legs, inner organs and
become guilty, he shall present to the offal,
LORD a young, unblemished bull as a
sin offering for the sin he committed. 12
in short, the whole bullock, shall be
brought outside the camp to a clean
4
Bringing the bullock to the entrance of place where the ashes are deposited
the meeting tent, before the LORD, he and there be burned up in a wood fire.
shall lay his hand on its head and At the place of the ash heap, there it
slaughter it before the LORD. must be burned.

5 13
The anointed priest shall then take "If the whole community of Israel
some of the bullock's blood and bring it inadvertently and without even being
into the meeting tent, aware of it does something that the
LORD has forbidden and thus makes
6
where, dipping his finger in the blood, itself guilty,
he shall sprinkle it seven times before
14
the LORD, toward the veil of the should it later on become known that
sanctuary. the sin was committed, the community
shall present a young bull as a sin
7
The priest shall also put some of the offering. They shall bring it before the
blood on the horns of the altar of meeting tent,
fragrant incense which is before the
15
LORD in the meeting tent. The rest of and here, before the LORD, the elders
the bullock's blood he shall pour out at of the community shall lay their hands
the base of the altar of holocausts which on the bullock's head. When the bullock
is at the entrance of the meeting tent. has been slaughtered before the LORD,

8 16
From the sin-offering bullock he shall the anointed priest shall bring some of
remove all the fat: the fatty membrane its blood into the meeting tent,
over the inner organs, and all the fat that
adheres to them, 17
and dipping his finger in the blood, he
shall sprinkle it seven times before the
9
as well as the two kidneys, with the fat LORD, toward the veil.
on them near the loins, and the lobe of
the liver, which he must sever above the 18
He shall also put some of the blood on
kidneys. the horns of the altar of fragrant incense
which is before the LORD in the meeting
27
tent. The rest of the blood he shall pour "If a private person commits a sin
out at the base of the altar of holocausts inadvertently by doing one of the things
which is at the entrance of the meeting which are forbidden by the
tent. commandments of the LORD, and thus
becomes guilty,
19
All of its fat he shall take from it and
28
burn on the altar, should he later on learn of the sin he
committed, he shall bring an
20
doing with this bullock just as he did unblemished she-goat as the offering for
with the other sin-offering bullock. Thus his sin.
the priest shall make atonement for
29
them, and they will be forgiven. Having laid his hand on the head of
the sin offering, he shall slaughter it at
21
This bullock must also be brought the place of the holocausts.
outside the camp and burned, just as
30
has been prescribed for the other one. The priest shall then take some of its
This is the sin offering for the community. blood on his finger and put it on the
horns of the altar of holocausts. The rest
22
"Should a prince commit a sin of the blood he shall pour out at the
inadvertently by doing one of the things base of the altar.
which are forbidden by some
31
commandment of the LORD, his God, All the fat shall be removed, just as the
and thus become guilty, fat is removed from the peace offering,
and the priest shall burn it on the altar
23
if later on he learns of the sin he for an odor pleasing to the LORD. Thus
committed, he shall bring as his offering the priest shall make atonement for him,
an unblemished male goat. and he will be forgiven.

32
24
Having laid his hands on its head, he "If, however, for his sin offering he
shall slaughter the goat as a sin offering presents a lamb, he shall bring an
before the LORD, in the place where the unblemished female.
holocausts are slaughtered.
33
Having laid his hand on its head, he
25
The priest shall then take some of the shall slaughter this sin offering in the
blood of the sin offering on his finger place where the holocausts are
and put it on the horns of the altar of slaughtered.
holocausts. The rest of the blood he
34
shall pour out at the base of this altar. The priest shall then take some of the
blood of the sin offering on his finger
26
All of the fat he shall burn on the altar and put it on the horns of the altar of
like the fat of the peace offering. Thus holocausts. The rest of the blood he
the priest shall make atonement for the shall pour out at the base of the altar.
prince's sin, and it will be forgiven.
35 7
All the fat shall be removed, just as the "If, however, he cannot afford an
fat is removed from the peace-offering animal of the flock, he shall bring to the
lamb, and the priest shall burn it on the LORD as the sin offering for his sin two
altar with the other oblations of the turtledoves or two pigeons, one for a sin
LORD. Thus the priest shall make offering and the other for a holocaust.
atonement for the man's sin, and it will
be forgiven. 8
He shall bring them to the priest, who
shall offer the one for the sin offering
first. Snapping its head loose at the
5"If any person refuses to give the neck, yet without breaking it off
completely,
information which, as a witness of
something he has seen or learned, he 9
has been adjured to give, and thus he shall sprinkle some of the blood of
commits a sin and has guilt to bear; the sin offering against the side of the
altar. The rest of the blood shall be
2
or if someone, without being aware of it, squeezed out against the base of the
touches any unclean thing, as the altar. Such is the offering for sin.
carcass of an unclean wild animal, or 10
that of an unclean domestic animal, or The other bird shall be offered as a
that of an unclean swarming creature, holocaust in the usual way. Thus the
and thus becomes unclean and guilty; priest shall make atonement for the sin
the man committed, and it will be
3
or if someone, without being aware of it, forgiven.
touches some human uncleanness, 11
whatever kind of uncleanness this may "If he is unable to afford even two
be, and then recognizes his guilt; turtledoves or two pigeons, he shall
present as a sin offering for his sin one
4
or if someone, without being aware of it, tenth of an ephah of fine flour. He shall
rashly utters an oath to do good or evil, not put oil or frankincense on it, because
such as men are accustomed to utter it is a sin offering.
rashly, and then recognizes that he is 12
guilty of such an oath; When he has brought it to the priest,
the latter shall take a handful of this flour
5
then whoever is guilty in any of these as a token offering, and this he shall
cases shall confess the sin he has burn as a sin offering on the altar with
incurred, the other oblations of the LORD.

13
6
and as his sin offering for the sin he Thus the priest shall make atonement
has committed he shall bring to the for the sin that the man committed in
LORD a female animal from the flock, a any of the above cases, and it will be
ewe lamb or a she-goat. The priest shall forgiven. The rest of the flour, like the
then make atonement for his sin. cereal offerings, shall belong to the
priest."
14 22
The LORD said to Moses, or if, having found a lost article, he
denies the fact and swears falsely about
15
"If someone commits a sin by it with any of the sinful oaths that men
inadvertently cheating in the LORD'S make in such cases,
sacred dues, he shall bring to the LORD
23
as his guilt offering an unblemished ram he shall therefore, since he has
from the flock, valued at two silver incurred guilt by his sin, restore the thing
shekels according to the standard of the that was stolen or unjustly retained by
sanctuary shekel. him or the deposit left with him or the
lost article he found
16
He shall also restore what he has
24
sinfully withheld from the sanctuary, or whatever else he swore falsely
adding to it a fifth of its value. This is to about; on the day of his guilt offering he
be given to the priest, who shall then shall make full restitution of the thing
make atonement for him with the guilt- itself, and in addition, give the owner
offering ram, and he will be forgiven. one fifth of its value.

17 25
"If someone, without being aware of it, As his guilt offering he shall bring to
commits such a sin by doing one of the the LORD an unblemished ram of the
things which are forbidden by some flock of the established value. When he
commandment of the LORD, that he has presented this as his guilt offering to
incurs guilt for which he must answer, the priest,

18 26
he shall bring as a guilt offering to the the latter shall make atonement for
priest an unblemished ram of the flock him before the LORD, and he will be
of the established value. The priest shall forgiven whatever guilt he may have
then make atonement for the fault which incurred."
was unwittingly committed, and it will be
forgiven.

19
Such is the offering for guilt; the
6The LORD said to Moses,
penalty of the guilt must be paid to the 2
LORD." "Give Aaron and his sons the following
command: This is the ritual for
20 holocausts. The holocaust is to remain
The LORD said to Moses, on the hearth of the altar all night until
21
the next morning, and the fire is to be
"If someone commits a sin of kept burning on the altar.
dishonesty against the LORD by
denying his neighbor a deposit or a 3
The priest, clothed in his linen robe and
pledge for a stolen article, or by wearing linen drawers on his body, shall
otherwise retaining his neighbor's goods take away the ashes to which the fire
unjustly, has reduced the holocaust on the altar,
and lay them at the side of the altar.
4 12
Then, having taken off these garments The LORD said to Moses,
and put on other garments, he shall
carry the ashes to a clean place outside 13
"This is the offering that Aaron and his
the camp. sons shall present to the LORD (on the
day he is anointed): one tenth of an
5
The fire on the altar is to be kept ephah of fine flour for the established
burning; it must not go out. Every cereal offering, half in the morning and
morning the priest shall put firewood on half in the evening.
it. On this he shall lay out the holocaust
and burn the fat of the peace offerings. 14
It shall be well kneaded and fried in oil
on a griddle when you bring it in. Having
6
The fire is to be kept burning broken the offering into pieces, you shall
continuously on the altar; it must not go present it as a sweet-smelling oblation
out. to the LORD.

7 15
"This is the ritual of the cereal offering. Aaron's descendant who succeeds
One of Aaron's sons shall first present it him as the anointed priest shall do
before the LORD, in front of the altar. likewise. This is a perpetual ordinance:
for the Lord the whole offering shall be
8
Then he shall take from it a handful of burned.
its fine flour and oil, together with all the
16
frankincense that is on it, and this he Every cereal offering of a priest shall
shall burn on the altar as its token be a whole burnt offering; it may not be
offering, a sweet-smelling oblation to the eaten."
LORD.
17
The LORD said to Moses,
9
The rest of it Aaron and his sons may
eat; but it must be eaten in the form of 18
"Tell Aaron and his sons: This is the
unleavened cakes and in a sacred ritual for sin offerings. At the place
place: in the court of the meeting tent where holocausts are slaughtered, there
they shall eat it. also, before the LORD, shall the sin
offering be slaughtered. It is most
10
It shall not be baked with leaven. I sacred.
have given it to them as their portion
from the oblations of the LORD; it is 19
The priest who presents the sin
most sacred, like the sin offering and the offering may partake of it; but it must be
guilt offering. eaten in a sacred place, in the court of
the meeting tent.
11
All the male descendants of Aaron
may partake of it as their rightful share 20
Whatever touches its flesh shall
in the oblations of the LORD perpetually become sacred. If any of its blood is
throughout your generations. Whatever spilled on a garment, the stained part
touches the oblations becomes sacred." must be washed in a sacred place.
21
A clay vessel in which it has been ritual, the guilt offering likewise belongs
cooked shall thereafter be broken; if it is to the priest who makes atonement with
cooked in a bronze vessel, this shall be it.
scoured afterward and rinsed with water.
8
Similarly, the priest who offers a
22
All the males of the priestly line may holocaust for someone may keep for
partake of the sin offering, since it is himself the hide of the holocaust that he
most sacred. has offered.

23 9
But no one may partake of any sin Also, every cereal offering that is baked
offering of which some blood has been in an oven or deep-fried in a pot or fried
brought into the meeting tent to make on a griddle shall belong to the priest
atonement in the sanctuary; such an who offers it,
offering must be burned up in the fire.
10
whereas all cereal offerings that are
offered up dry or mixed with oil shall
7"This is the ritual for guilt offerings, belong to all of Aaron's sons without
distinction.
which are most sacred.
11
2
At the place where the holocausts are "This is the ritual for the peace
slaughtered, there also shall the guilt offerings that are presented to the
offering be slaughtered. Its blood shall LORD.
be splashed on the sides of the altar. 12
When anyone makes a peace offering
3
All of its fat shall be taken from it and in thanksgiving, together with his
offered up: the fatty tail, the fatty thanksgiving sacrifice he shall offer
membrane over the inner organs, unleavened cakes mixed with oil,
unleavened wafers spread with oil, and
4 cakes made of fine flour mixed with oil
as well as the two kidneys with the fat and well kneaded.
on them near the loins, and the lobe of
the liver, which must be severed above 13
the kidneys. His offering shall also include loaves of
leavened bread along with the victim of
5 his peace offering for thanksgiving.
All this the priest shall burn on the altar
as an oblation to the LORD. This is the 14
guilt offering. From each of his offerings he shall
present one portion as a contribution to
6 the LORD; this shall belong to the priest
All the males of the priestly line may who splashes the blood of the peace
partake of it; but it must be eaten in a offering.
sacred place, since it is most sacred.

7
"Because the sin offering and the guilt
offering are alike, both having the same
15 23
"The flesh of the thanksgiving sacrifice "Tell the Israelites: You shall not eat
shall be eaten on the day it is offered; the fat of any ox or sheep or goat.
none of it may be kept till the next day.
24
Although the fat of an animal that has
16
However, if the sacrifice is a votive or died a natural death or has been killed
a free-will offering, it should indeed be by wild beasts may be put to any other
eaten on the day the sacrifice is offered, use, you may not eat it.
but what is left over may be eaten on
the next day. 25
If anyone eats the fat of an animal
from which an oblation is made to the
17
Should any flesh from the sacrifice be LORD, such a one shall be cut off from
left over on the third day, it must be his people.
burned up in the fire.
26
Wherever you dwell, you shall not
18
If, therefore, any of the flesh of the partake of any blood, be it of bird or of
peace offering is eaten on the third day, animal.
it shall not win favor for him nor shall it
be reckoned to his credit; rather, it shall 27
Every person who partakes of any
be considered as refuse, and anyone blood shall be cut off from his people."
who eats of it shall have his guilt to bear.
28
19
The LORD said to Moses,
Should the flesh touch anything
unclean, it may not be eaten, but shall 29
"Tell the Israelites: He who presents a
be burned up in the fire. "All who are peace offering to the LORD shall bring a
clean may partake of this flesh.
part of it as his special offering to him,
20
If, however, someone while in a state 30
carrying in with his own hands the
of uncleanness eats any of the flesh of a oblations to the LORD. The fat is to be
peace offering belonging to the LORD, brought in, together with the breast,
that person shall be cut off from his
which is to be waved as a wave offering
people. before the LORD.
21
Likewise, if someone touches anything 31
The priest shall burn the fat on the
unclean, whether the uncleanness be of altar, but the breast belongs to Aaron
human or of animal origin or from some
and his sons.
loathsome crawling creature, and then
eats of a peace offering belonging to the 32
LORD, that person, too, shall be cut off Moreover, from your peace offering
from his people." you shall give to the priest the right leg
as a raised offering.
22
The LORD said to Moses, 33
The descendant of Aaron who offers
up the blood and fat of the peace
4
offering shall have the right leg as his And Moses did as the LORD had
portion, commanded. When the community had
assembled at the entrance of the
34
for from the peace offerings of the meeting tent,
Israelites I have taken the breast that is
5
waved and the leg that is raised up, and Moses told them what the LORD had
I have given them to Aaron, the priest, ordered to be done.
and to his sons by a perpetual
ordinance as a contribution from the 6
Bringing forward Aaron and his sons,
Israelites." he first washed them with water.
35
This is the priestly share from the 7
Then he put the tunic on Aaron, girded
oblations of the LORD, allotted to Aaron him with the sash, clothed him with the
and his sons on the day he called them robe, placed the ephod on him, and
to be the priests of the LORD; girded him with the embroidered belt of
the ephod, fastening it around him.
36
on the day he anointed them the
LORD ordered the Israelites to give 8
He then set the breastpiece on him,
them this share by a perpetual with the Urim and Thummim in it,
ordinance throughout their generations.
9
37
and put the miter on his head, attaching
This is the ritual for holocausts, cereal the gold plate, the sacred diadem, over
offerings, sin offerings, guilt offerings, the front of the miter, at his forehead, as
(ordination offerings) and peace the LORD had commanded him to do.
offerings,
10
38
Taking the anointing oil, Moses
which the LORD enjoined on Moses at anointed and consecrated the Dwelling,
Mount Sinai at the time when he with all that was in it.
commanded the Israelites in the
wilderness of Sinai to bring their 11
Then he sprinkled some of this oil
offerings to the LORD. seven times on the altar, and anointed
the altar, with all its appurtenances, and
the laver, with its base, thus
8The LORD said to Moses, consecrating them.

12
2
"Take Aaron and his sons, together He also poured some of the anointing
with the vestments, the anointing oil, the oil on Aaron's head, thus consecrating
bullock for a sin offering, the two rams, him.
and the basket of unleavened food.
13
Moses likewise brought forward
3
Then assemble the whole community at Aaron's sons, clothed them with tunics,
the entrance of the meeting tent." girded them with sashes, and put
22
turbans on them, as the LORD had Then he brought forward the second
commanded him to do. ram, the ordination ram, and Aaron and
his sons laid their hands on its head.
14
When he had brought forward the
23
bullock for a sin offering, Aaron and his When he had slaughtered it, Moses
sons laid their hands on its head. took some of its blood and put it on the
tip of Aaron's right ear, on the thumb of
15
Then Moses slaughtered it, and taking his right hand, and on the big toe of his
some of its blood, with his finger he put right foot.
it on the horns around the altar, thus
24
purifying the altar. He also made Moses had the sons of Aaron also
atonement for the altar by pouring out come forward, and he put some of the
the blood at its base when he blood on the tips of their right ears, on
consecrated it. the thumbs of their right hands, and on
the big toes of their right feet. The rest
16
Taking all the fat that was over the of the blood he splashed on the sides of
inner organs, as well as the lobe of the the altar.
liver and the two kidneys with their fat,
25
Moses burned them on the altar. He then took the fat: the fatty tail and
all the fat over the inner organs, the lobe
17
The bullock, however, with its hide and of the liver and the two kidneys with
flesh and offal he burned in the fire their fat, and likewise the right leg;
outside the camp, as the LORD had
26
commanded him to do. from the basket of unleavened food
that was set before the LORD he took
18
He next brought forward the holocaust one unleavened cake, one loaf of bread
ram, and Aaron and his sons laid their made with oil, and one wafer; these he
hands on its head. placed on top of the portions of fat and
the right leg.
19
When he had slaughtered it, Moses 27
splashed its blood on all sides of the He then put all these things into the
altar. hands of Aaron and his sons, whom he
had wave them as a wave offering
20
After cutting up the ram into pieces, he before the LORD.
burned the head, the cut-up pieces and 28
the suet; When he had received them back,
Moses burned them with the holocaust
21 on the altar as the ordination offering, a
then, having washed the inner organs
and the shanks with water, he also sweet-smelling oblation to the LORD.
burned these remaining parts of the ram 29
on the altar as a holocaust, a sweet- He then took the breast and waved it
smelling oblation to the LORD, as the as a wave offering before the LORD;
LORD had commanded him to do. this was Moses' own portion of the
ordination ram. All this was in keeping
with the LORD'S command to Moses. 9On the eighth day Moses summoned
30
Aaron and his sons, together with the
Taking some of the anointing oil and elders of Israel,
some of the blood that was on the altar,
Moses sprinkled with it Aaron and his 2
and said to Aaron, "Take a calf for a sin
vestments, as well as his sons and their offering and a ram for a holocaust, both
vestments, thus consecrating both without blemish, and offer them before
Aaron and his vestments and his sons the LORD.
and their vestments.
3
31 Tell the elders of Israel, too: Take a he-
Finally, Moses said to Aaron and his goat for a sin offering, a calf and a lamb,
sons, "Boil the flesh at the entrance of both unblemished yearlings, for a
the meeting tent, and there eat it with holocaust,
the bread that is in the basket of the
ordination offering, in keeping with the 4
command I have received: 'Aaron and and an ox and a ram for a peace
his sons shall eat of it.' offering, to sacrifice them before the
LORD, along with a cereal offering
32 mixed with oil; for today the LORD will
What is left over of the flesh and the reveal himself to you."
bread you shall burn up in the fire.
5
33 So they brought what Moses had
Moreover, you are not to depart from ordered. When the whole community
the entrance of the meeting tent for had come forward and stood before the
seven days, until the days of your LORD,
ordination are completed; for your
ordination is to last for seven days. 6
Moses said, "This is what the LORD
34 orders you to do, that the glory of the
The LORD has commanded that what LORD may be revealed to you.
has been done today be done to make
atonement for you. 7
Come up to the altar," Moses then told
35 Aaron, "and offer your sin offering and
Hence you must remain at the your holocaust in atonement for yourself
entrance of the meeting tent day and and for your family; then present the
night for seven days, carrying out the offering of the people in atonement for
prescriptions of the LORD; otherwise, them, as the LORD has commanded."
you shall die; for this is the command I
have received." 8
Going up to the altar, Aaron first
36 slaughtered the calf that was his own sin
So Aaron and his sons did all that the offering.
LORD had commanded through Moses.
9
When his sons presented the blood to
him, he dipped his finger in the blood
19
and put it on the horns of the altar. The The portions of fat from the ox and
rest of the blood he poured out at the from the ram, the fatty tail, the fatty
base of the altar. membrane over the inner organs, the
two kidneys, with the fat that is on them,
10
He then burned on the altar the fat, the and the lobe of the liver,
kidneys and the lobe of the liver that
20
were taken from the sin offering, as the he placed on top of the breasts and
LORD had commanded Moses; burned them on the altar,

11 21
but the flesh and the hide he burned having first waved the breasts and the
up in the fire outside the camp. right legs as a wave offering before the
LORD, in keeping with the LORD'S
12
Then Aaron slaughtered his holocaust. command to Moses.
When his sons brought him the blood,
22
he splashed it on all sides of the altar. Aaron then raised his hands over the
people and blessed them. When he
13
They then brought him the pieces and came down from offering the sin offering
the head of the holocaust, and he and holocaust and peace offering,
burned them on the altar.
23
Moses and Aaron went into the
14
Having washed the inner organs and meeting tent. On coming out they again
the shanks, he burned these also with blessed the people. Then the glory of
the holocaust on the altar. the LORD was revealed to all the people.

24
15
Thereupon he had the people's Fire came forth from the LORD'S
offering brought up. Taking the goat that presence and consumed the holocaust
was for the people's sin offering, he and the remnants of the fat on the altar.
slaughtered it and offered it up for sin as Seeing this, all the people cried out and
before. fell prostrate.

16
Then he brought forward the holocaust,
other than the morning holocaust, and 10 During this time Aaron's sons
offered it in the usual manner. Nadab and Abihu took their censers and,
strewing incense on the fire they had put
17
He then presented the cereal offering; in them, they offered up before the
taking a handful of it, he burned it on the LORD profane fire, such as he had not
altar. authorized.

18 2
Finally he slaughtered the ox and the Fire therefore came forth from the
ram, the peace offering of the people. LORD'S presence and consumed them,
When his sons brought him the blood, so that they died in his presence.
Aaron splashed it on all sides of the
altar.
3
Moses then said to Aaron, "This is as profane, between what is clean and
the LORD said: Through those who what is unclean;
approach me I will manifest my
sacredness; In the sight of all the people 11
you must teach the Israelites all the
I will reveal my glory." But Aaron said laws that the LORD has given them
nothing. through Moses."
4
Then Moses summoned Mishael and 12
Moses said to Aaron and his surviving
Elzaphan, the sons of Aaron's uncle sons, Eleazar and Ithamar, "Take the
Uzziel, with the order, "Come, remove cereal offering left over from the
your kinsmen from the sanctuary and oblations of the LORD, and eat it beside
carry them to a place outside the camp." the altar in the form of unleavened
cakes. Since it is most sacred,
5
So they went in and took them, in their
tunics, outside the camp, as Moses had 13
you must eat it in a sacred place. This
commanded. is your due from the oblations of the
LORD, and that of your sons; such is
6
Moses said to Aaron and his sons the command I have received.
Eleazar and Ithamar, "Do not bare your
heads or tear your garments, lest you 14
With your sons and daughters you
bring not only death on yourselves but shall also eat the breast of the wave
God's wrath also on the whole offering and the leg of the raised offering,
community. Your kinsmen, the rest of in a clean place; for these have been
the house of Israel, shall mourn for assigned to you and your children as
those whom the LORD'S fire has your due from the peace offerings of the
smitten; Israelites.
7
but do not you go beyond the entry of 15
The leg of the raised offering and the
the meeting tent, else you shall die; for breast of the wave offering shall first be
the anointing oil of the LORD is upon brought in with the oblations, the fatty
you." So they did as Moses told them. portions, that are to be waved as a wave
offering before the LORD. Then they
8
The LORD said to Aaron, shall belong to you and your children by
a perpetual ordinance, as the LORD has
9
"When you are to go to the meeting commanded."
tent, you and your sons are forbidden
16
under pain of death, by a perpetual When Moses inquired about the goat
ordinance throughout your generations, of the sin offering, he discovered that it
to drink any wine or strong drink. had all been burned. So he was angry
with the surviving sons of Aaron,
10
You must be able to distinguish Eleazar and Ithamar, and said,
between what is sacred and what is
17 5
"Why did you not eat the sin offering in the rock badger, which indeed chews
the sacred place, since it is most the cud, but does not have hoofs and is
sacred? It has been given to you that therefore unclean for you;
you might bear the guilt of the
community and make atonement for 6
the hare, which indeed chews the cud,
them before the LORD. but does not have hoofs and is therefore
unclean for you; and the pig,
18
If its blood was not brought into the
inmost part of the sanctuary, you should 7
which does indeed have hoofs and is
certainly have eaten the offering in the cloven-footed, but does not chew the
sanctuary, in keeping with the command cud and is therefore unclean for you.
I had received."
8
19
Their flesh you shall not eat, and their
Aaron answered Moses, "Even though dead bodies you shall not touch; they
they presented their sin offering and are unclean for you.
holocaust before the LORD today, yet
this misfortune has befallen me. Had I 9
"Of the various creatures that live in the
then eaten of the sin offering today,
water, you may eat the following:
would it have been pleasing to the whatever in the seas or in river waters
LORD?" has both fins and scales you may eat.
20
On hearing this, Moses was satisfied. 10
But of the various creatures that crawl
or swim in the water, whether in the sea
or in the rivers, all those that lack either
11The LORD said to Moses and fins or scales are loathsome for you,
Aaron,
11
and you shall treat them as loathsome.
2
"Speak to the Israelites and tell them: Their flesh you shall not eat, and their
Of all land animals these are the ones dead bodies you shall loathe.
you may eat:
12
Every water creature that lacks fins or
3
any animal that has hoofs you may eat, scales is loathsome for you.
provided it is cloven-footed and chews
13
the cud. "Of the birds, these you shall loathe
and, as loathsome, they shall not be
4
But you shall not eat any of the eaten: the eagle, the vulture, the osprey,
following that only chew the cud or only
14
have hoofs: the camel, which indeed the kite, the various species of falcons,
chews the cud, but does not have hoofs
and is therefore unclean for you; 15
the various species of crows,

16
the ostrich, the nightjar, the gull, the
various species of hawks,
17
the owl, the cormorant, the screech everyone who touches their dead bodies
owl, shall be unclean until evening,

18 28
the barn owl, the desert owl, the and everyone who picks up their dead
buzzard, bodies shall wash his garments and be
unclean until evening. Such is their
19
the stork, the various species of uncleanness for you.
herons, the hoopoe, and the bat.
29
"Of the creatures that swarm on the
20
"The various winged insects that walk ground, the following are unclean for
on all fours are loathsome for you. you: the rat, the mouse, the various
kinds of lizards,
21
But of the various winged insects that 30
walk on all fours you may eat those that the gecko, the chameleon, the agama,
have jointed legs for leaping on the the skink, and the mole.
ground;
31
Among the various swarming
22
hence of these you may eat the creatures, these are unclean for you.
following: the various kinds of locusts, Everyone who touches them when they
the various kinds of grasshoppers, the are dead shall be unclean until evening.
various kinds of katydids, and the
32
various kinds of crickets. Everything on which one of them falls
when dead becomes unclean. Any such
23
All other winged insects that have four article that men use, whether it be an
legs are loathsome for you. article of wood, cloth, leather or goat
hair, must be put in water and remain
24 unclean until evening, when it again
"Such is the uncleanness that you
contract, that everyone who touches becomes clean.
their dead bodies shall be unclean until 33
evening, Should any of these creatures fall into
a clay vessel, everything in it becomes
25 unclean, and the vessel itself you must
and everyone who picks up any part of
their dead bodies shall wash his break.
garments and be unclean until evening. 34
Any solid food that was in contact with
26
All hoofed animals that are not cloven- water, and any liquid that men drink, in
any such vessel become unclean.
footed or do not chew the cud are
unclean for you; everyone who touches 35
them becomes unclean. Any object on which one of their dead
bodies falls, becomes unclean; if it is an
27 oven or a jar-stand, this must be broken
Of the various quadrupeds, all those
that walk on paws are unclean for you; to pieces; they are unclean and shall be
treated as unclean by you.
36 45
However, a spring or a cistern for Since I, the LORD, brought you up
collecting water remains clean; but from the land of Egypt that I might be
whoever touches the dead body your God, you shall be holy, because I
becomes unclean. am holy.

37 46
Any sort of cultivated grain remains "This is the law for animals and birds
clean even though one of their dead and for all the creatures that move about
bodies falls on it; in the water or swarm on the ground,

38 47
but if the grain has become moistened, that you may distinguish between the
it becomes unclean when one of these clean and the unclean, between
falls on it. creatures that may be eaten and those
that may not be eaten."
39
"When one of the animals that you
could otherwise eat, dies of itself,
anyone who touches its dead body shall
be unclean until evening;
12The LORD said to Moses,
2
40 "Tell the Israelites: When a woman has
and anyone who eats of its dead body conceived and gives birth to a boy, she
shall wash his garments and be unclean shall be unclean for seven days, with
until evening; so also, anyone who the same uncleanness as at her
removes its dead body shall wash his menstrual period.
garments and be unclean until evening.
3
41 On the eighth day, the flesh of the boy's
"All the creatures that swarm on the foreskin shall be circumcised,
ground are loathsome and shall not be
eaten. 4
and then she shall spend thirty-three
42 days more in becoming purified of her
Whether it crawls on its belly, goes on blood; she shall not touch anything
all fours, or has many legs, you shall eat sacred nor enter the sanctuary till the
no swarming creature: they are days of her purification are fulfilled.
loathsome.
5
43 If she gives birth to a girl, for fourteen
Do not make yourselves loathsome or days she shall be as unclean as at her
unclean with any swarming creature menstruation, after which she shall
through being contaminated by them. spend sixty-six days in becoming
44
purified of her blood.
For I, the LORD, am your God; and
you shall make and keep yourselves 6
"When the days of her purification for a
holy, because I am holy. You shall not son or for a daughter are fulfilled, she
make yourselves unclean, then, by any shall bring to the priest at the entrance
swarming creature that crawls on the of the meeting tent a yearling lamb for a
ground.
holocaust and a pigeon or a turtledove sore has remained unchanged and has
for a sin offering. not spread on the skin, the priest shall
quarantine him for another seven days,
7
The priest shall offer them up before
6
the LORD to make atonement for her, and once more examine him on the
and thus she will be clean again after seventh day. If the sore is now dying out
her flow of blood. Such is the law for the and has not spread on the skin, the
woman who gives birth to a boy or a girl priest shall declare the man clean; it
child. was merely eczema. The man shall
wash his garments and so become
8
If, however, she cannot afford a lamb, clean.
she may take two turtledoves or two
7
pigeons, the one for a holocaust and the But if, after he has shown himself to the
other for a sin offering. The priest shall priest to be declared clean, the eczema
make atonement for her, and thus she spreads at all on his skin, he shall once
will again be clean." more show himself to the priest.

8
Should the priest, on examining it, find
13 The LORD said to Moses and that the eczema has indeed spread on
the skin, he shall declare the man
Aaron,
unclean; it is leprosy.
2
"If someone has on his skin a scab or 9
pustule or blotch which appears to be "When someone is stricken with
the sore of leprosy, he shall be brought leprosy, he shall be brought to the priest.
to Aaron, the priest, or to one of the 10
priests among his descendants, Should the priest, on examining him,
find that there is a white scab on the
3
who shall examine the sore on his skin. skin which has turned the hair white and
If the hair on the sore has turned white that there is raw flesh in it,
and the sore itself shows that it has 11
penetrated below the skin, it is indeed it is skin leprosy that has long
the sore of leprosy; the priest, on seeing developed. The priest shall declare the
this, shall declare the man unclean. man unclean without first quarantining
him, since he is certainly unclean.
4
If, however, the blotch on the skin is 12
white, but does not seem to have If leprosy breaks out on the skin and,
penetrated below the skin, nor has the as far as the priest can see, covers all
hair turned white, the priest shall the skin of the stricken man from head
quarantine the stricken man for seven to foot,
days.
13
should the priest then, on examining
5
On the seventh day the priest shall him, find that the leprosy does cover his
again examine him. If he judges that the whole body, he shall declare the
stricken man clean; since it has all of the boil; the priest shall therefore
turned white, the man is clean. declare him clean.

14 24
But as soon as raw flesh appears on "If a man had a burn on his skin, and
him, he is unclean; the proud flesh of the burn now
becomes a pink or a white blotch,
15
on observing the raw flesh, the priest
25
shall declare him unclean, because raw the priest shall examine it. If the hair
flesh is unclean; it is leprosy. has turned white on the blotch and this
seems to have penetrated below the
16
If, however, the raw flesh again turns skin, it is leprosy that has broken out in
white, he shall return to the priest; the burn; the priest shall therefore
declare him unclean and stricken with
17
should the latter, on examining him, leprosy.
find that the sore has indeed turned 26
white, he shall declare the stricken man But if the priest, on examining it, finds
clean, and thus he will be clean. that there is no white hair on the blotch
and that this is not deeper than the skin
18
"If a man who had a boil on his skin and is already dying out, the priest shall
quarantine him for seven days.
which later healed,
27
19 Should the priest, when examining it
should now in the place of the boil
have a white scab or a pink blotch, he on the seventh day, find that it has
shall show himself to the priest. spread at all on the skin, he shall
declare the man unclean and stricken
20 with leprosy.
If the latter, on examination, sees that
it is deeper than the skin and that the 28
hair has turned white, he shall declare But if the blotch remains in its place
the man unclean; it is the sore of leprosy without spreading on the skin and is
already dying out, it is merely the scab
that has broken out in the boil.
of the burn; the priest shall therefore
21 declare the man clean, since it is only
But if the priest, on examining him, the scar of the burn.
finds that there is no white hair in it and
that it is not deeper than the skin and is 29
"When a man or a woman has a sore
already dying out, the priest shall
quarantine him for seven days. on the head or cheek,

30
22
If it has then spread on the skin, the should the priest, on examining it, find
that the sore has penetrated below the
priest shall declare him unclean; the
skin and that there is fine yellow hair on
man is stricken.
it, the priest shall declare the person
23 unclean, for this is scall, a leprous
But if the blotch remains in its place disease of the head or cheek.
without spreading, it is merely the scar
31 39
But if the priest, on examining the scall the priest shall make an examination.
sore, finds that it has not penetrated If the blotches on the skin are white and
below the skin, though the hair on it may already dying out, it is only tetter that
not be black, the priest shall quarantine has broken out on the skin, and the
the person with scall sore for seven person therefore is clean.
days,
40
"When a man loses the hair of his
32
and on the seventh day again examine head, he is not unclean merely because
the sore. If the scall has not spread and of his bald crown.
has no yellow hair on it and does not
seem to have penetrated below the skin, 41
So too, if he loses the hair on the front
of his head, he is not unclean merely
33
the man shall shave himself, but not because of his bald forehead.
on the diseased spot. Then the priest
shall quarantine him for another seven 42
But when there is a pink sore on his
days. bald crown or bald forehead, it is leprosy
that is breaking out there.
34
If the priest, when examining the scall
on the seventh day, finds that it has not 43
The priest shall examine him; and if
spread on the skin and that it has not the scab on the sore of the bald spot
penetrated below the skin, he shall has the same pink appearance as that
declare the man clean; the latter shall of skin leprosy of the fleshy part of the
wash his garments, and thus he will be body,
clean.
44
35
the man is leprous and unclean, and
But if the scall spreads at all on his the priest shall declare him unclean by
skin after he has been declared clean, reason of the sore on his head.
36
the priest shall again examine it. If the 45
"The one who bears the sore of
scall has indeed spread on the skin, he leprosy shall keep his garments rent and
need not look for yellow hair; the man is his head bare, and shall muffle his
surely unclean. beard; he shall cry out, 'Unclean,
unclean!'
37
If, however, he judges that the scall
has remained in its place and that black 46
As long as the sore is on him he shall
hair has grown on it, the disease has declare himself unclean, since he is in
been healed; the man is clean, and the fact unclean. He shall dwell apart,
priest shall declare him clean. making his abode outside the camp.
38
"When the skin of a man or a woman 47
"When a leprous infection is on a
is spotted with white blotches, garment of wool or of linen,
48
or on woven or knitted material of linen have spread, the article is unclean and
or wool, or on a hide or anything made shall be destroyed by fire.
of leather,
56
But if the priest, on examining the
49
if the infection on the garment or hide, infection, finds that it is dying out after
or on the woven or knitted material, or the washing, he shall tear the infected
on any leather article is greenish or part out of the garment, or the leather,
reddish, the thing is indeed infected with or the woven or knitted material.
leprosy and must be shown to the priest.
57
If, however, the infection again
50
Having examined the infection, the appears on the garment, or on the
priest shall quarantine the infected woven or knitted material, or on the
article for seven days. leather article, it is still virulent and the
thing infected shall be destroyed by fire.
51
"On the seventh day the priest shall
58
again examine the infection. If it has But if, after the washing, the infection
spread on the garment, or on the woven has left the garment, or the woven or
or knitted material, or on the leather, knitted material, or the leather article,
whatever be its use, the infection is the thing shall be washed a second time,
malignant leprosy, and the article is and thus it will be clean.
unclean.
59
This is the law for leprous infection on
52
He shall therefore burn up the garment, a garment of wool or linen, or on woven
or the woven or knitted material of wool or knitted material, or on any leather
or linen, or the leather article, whatever article, to determine whether it is clean
it may be, which is infected; since it has or unclean."
malignant leprosy, it must be destroyed
by fire.

53
But if the priest, on examining the
14The LORD said to Moses,
infection, finds that it has not spread on 2
the garment, or on the woven or knitted "This is the law for the victim of leprosy
material, or on the leather article, at the time of his purification. He shall
be brought to the priest,
54
he shall give orders to have the 3
infected article washed and then who is to go outside the camp to
quarantined for another seven days. examine him. If the priest finds that the
sore of leprosy has healed in the leper,
55
"Then the priest shall again examine 4
the infected article after it has been he shall order the man who is to be
washed. If the infection has not changed purified, to get two live, clean birds, as
its appearance, even though it may not well as some cedar wood, scarlet yarn,
and hyssop.
5 12
The priest shall then order him to slay Taking one of the male lambs, the
one of the birds over an earthen vessel priest shall present it as a guilt offering,
with spring water in it. along with the log of oil, waving them as
a wave offering before the LORD.
6
Taking the living bird with the cedar
13
wood, the scarlet yarn and the hyssop, (This lamb he shall slaughter in the
the priest shall dip them all in the blood sacred place where the sin offering and
of the bird that was slain over the spring the holocaust are slaughtered; because,
water, like the sin offering, the guilt offering
belongs to the priest and is most
7
and then sprinkle seven times the man sacred.)
to be purified from his leprosy. When he
14
has thus purified him, he shall let the Then the priest shall take some of the
living bird fly away over the countryside. blood of the guilt offering and put it on
the tip of the man's right ear, the thumb
8
The man being purified shall then wash of his right hand, and the big toe of his
his garments and shave off all his hair right foot.
and bathe in water; only when he is thus
15
made clean may he come inside the The priest shall also take the log of oil
camp; but he shall still remain outside and pour some of it into the palm of his
his tent for seven days. own left hand;

9 16
On the seventh day he shall again then, dipping his right forefinger in it,
shave off all the hair of his head, his he shall sprinkle it seven times before
beard, his eyebrows, and any other hair the LORD.
he may have, and also wash his
garments and bathe his body in water; 17
Of the oil left in his hand the priest
and so he will be clean. shall put some on the tip of the man's
right ear, the thumb of his right hand,
10
"On the eighth day he shall take two and the big toe of his right foot, over the
unblemished male lambs, one blood of the guilt offering.
unblemished yearling ewe lamb, three
tenths of an ephah of fine flour mixed 18
The rest of the oil in his hand the priest
with oil for a cereal offering, and one log shall put on the head of the man being
of oil. purified. Thus shall the priest make
atonement for him before the LORD.
11
The priest who performs the
purification ceremony shall place the 19
Only after he has offered the sin
man who is being purified, as well as all offering in atonement for the man's
these offerings, before the LORD at the uncleanness shall the priest slaughter
entrance of the meeting tent. the holocaust
20
and offer it, together with the cereal and the big toe of his right foot, over the
offering, on the altar before the LORD. blood of the guilt offering.
When the priest has thus made
atonement for him, the man will be clean. 29
The rest of the oil in his hand the priest
shall put on the man's head. Thus shall
21
"If a man is poor and cannot afford so he make atonement for him before the
much, he shall take one male lamb for a LORD.
guilt offering, to be used as a wave
offering in atonement for himself, one 30
Then, of the turtledoves or pigeons,
tenth of an ephah of fine flour mixed such as the man can afford,
with oil for a cereal offering, a log of oil,
31
22
the priest shall offer up one as a sin
and two turtledoves or pigeons, which offering and the other as a holocaust,
he can more easily afford, the one as a along with the cereal offering. Thus shall
sin offering and the other as a holocaust. the priest make atonement before the
LORD for the man who is to be purified.
23
On the eighth day of his purification he
shall bring them to the priest, at the 32
This is the law for one afflicted with
entrance of the meeting tent before the leprosy who has insufficient means for
LORD. his purification."
24
Taking the guilt-offering lamb, along 33
The LORD said to Moses and Aaron,
with the log of oil, the priest shall wave
them as a wave offering before the 34
"When you come into the land of
LORD.
Canaan, which I am giving you to
25
possess, if I put a leprous infection on
When he has slaughtered the guilt- any house of the land you occupy,
offering lamb, he shall take some of its
blood, and put it on the tip of the right 35
the owner of the house shall come and
ear of the man being purified, on the
report to the priest, 'It looks to me as if
thumb of his right hand, and on the big my house were infected.'
toe of his right foot.
36
26 The priest shall then order the house
The priest shall then pour some of the to be cleared out before he goes in to
oil into the palm of his own left hand
examine the infection, lest everything in
27
the house become unclean. Only after
and with his right forefinger sprinkle it this is he to go in to examine the house.
seven times before the LORD.
37
28
If the priest, on examining it, finds that
Some of the oil in his hand the priest the infection on the walls of the house
shall also put on the tip of the man's consists of greenish or reddish
right ear, the thumb of his right hand, depressions which seem to go deeper
than the surface of the wall,
38 47
he shall close the door of the house Whoever sleeps or eats in such a
behind him and quarantine the house for house shall also wash his garments.
seven days.
48
If the priest finds, when he comes to
39
On the seventh day the priest shall examine the house, that the infection
return to examine the house again. If he has in fact not spread after the
finds that the infection has spread on plastering, he shall declare the house
the walls, clean, since the infection has been
healed.
40
he shall order the infected stones to be
49
pulled out and cast in an unclean place To purify the house, he shall take two
outside the city. birds, as well as cedar wood, scarlet
yarn, and hyssop.
41
The whole inside of the house shall
50
then be scraped, and the mortar that One of the birds he shall slay over an
has been scraped off shall be dumped earthen vessel with spring water in it.
in an unclean place outside the city.
51
Then, taking the cedar wood, the
42
Then new stones shall be brought and hyssop and the scarlet yarn, together
put in the place of the old stones, and with the living bird, he shall dip them all
new mortar shall be made and plastered in the blood of the slain bird and the
on the house. spring water, and sprinkle the house
seven times.
43
"If the infection breaks out once more
52
after the stones have been pulled out Thus shall he purify the house with the
and the house has been scraped and bird's blood and the spring water, along
replastered, with the living bird, the cedar wood, the
hyssop, and the scarlet yarn.
44
the priest shall come again; and if he
53
finds that the infection has spread in the He shall then let the living bird fly away
house, it is corrosive leprosy, and the over the countryside outside the city.
house is unclean. When he has thus made atonement for
it, the house will be clean.
45
It shall be pulled down, and all its
54
stones, beams and mortar shall be "This is the law for every kind of
hauled away to an unclean place human leprosy and scall,
outside the city.
55
for leprosy of garments and houses,
46
Whoever enters a house while it is
quarantined shall be unclean until 56
as well as for scabs, pustules and
evening. blotches,
57 10
so that it may be manifest when there Whoever touches anything that was
is a state of uncleanness and when a under him shall be unclean until
state of cleanness. This is the law for evening; whoever lifts up any such thing
leprosy." shall wash his garments, bathe in water,
and be unclean until evening.

15The LORD said to Moses and 11


Anyone whom the afflicted man
touches with unrinsed hands shall wash
Aaron,
his garments, bathe in water, and be
2 unclean until evening.
"Speak to the Israelites and tell them:
Every man who is afflicted with a 12
chronic flow from his private parts is Earthenware touched by the afflicted
thereby unclean. man shall be broken; and every wooden
article shall be rinsed with water.
3
Such is his uncleanness from this flow 13
that it makes no difference whether the "When a man who has been afflicted
flow drains off or is blocked up; his with a flow becomes free of his affliction,
uncleanness remains. he shall wait seven days for his
purification. Then he shall wash his
4 garments and bathe his body in fresh
Any bed on which the man afflicted with water, and so he will be clean.
the flow lies, is unclean, and any piece
of furniture on which he sits, is unclean. 14
On the eighth day he shall take two
5 turtledoves or two pigeons, and going
Anyone who touches his bed shall before the LORD, to the entrance of the
wash his garments, bathe in water, and meeting tent, he shall give them to the
be unclean until evening. priest,
6
Whoever sits on a piece of furniture on 15
who shall offer them up, the one as a
which the afflicted man was sitting, shall sin offering and the other as a holocaust.
wash his garments, bathe in water, and Thus shall the priest make atonement
be unclean until evening. before the LORD for the man's flow.
7
Whoever touches the body of the 16
"When a man has an emission of seed,
afflicted man shall wash his garments, he shall bathe his whole body in water
bathe in water, and be unclean until and be unclean until evening.
evening.
17
8 Any piece of cloth or leather with seed
If the afflicted man spits on a clean man, on it shall be washed with water and be
the latter shall wash his garments, bathe unclean until evening.
in water, and be unclean until evening.

9
Any saddle on which the afflicted man
rides, is unclean.
18
"If a man lies carnally with a woman, of furniture on which she sits becomes
they shall both bathe in water and be unclean just as during her menstruation.
unclean until evening.
27
Anyone who touches them becomes
19
"When a woman has her menstrual unclean; he shall wash his garments,
flow, she shall be in a state of impurity bathe in water, and be unclean until
for seven days. Anyone who touches evening.
her shall be unclean until evening.
28
"If she becomes freed from her
20
Anything on which she lies or sits affliction, she shall wait seven days, and
during her impurity shall be unclean. only then is she to be purified.

21 29
Anyone who touches her bed shall On the eighth day she shall take two
wash his garments, bathe in water, and turtledoves or two pigeons and bring
be unclean until evening. them to the priest at the entrance of the
meeting tent.
22
Whoever touches any article of
30
furniture on which she was sitting, shall The priest shall offer up one of them
wash his garments, bathe in water, and as a sin offering and the other as a
be unclean until evening. holocaust. Thus shall the priest make
atonement before the LORD for her
23
But if she is on the bed or on the seat unclean flow.
when he touches it, he shall be unclean
31
until evening. "You shall warn the Israelites of their
uncleanness, lest by defiling my
24
If a man dares to lie with her, he Dwelling, which is in their midst, their
contracts her impurity and shall be uncleanness be the cause of their death.
unclean for seven days; every bed on
32
which he then lies also becomes "This is the law for the man who is
unclean. afflicted with a chronic flow, or who has
an emission of seed, and thereby
25
"When a woman is afflicted with a flow becomes unclean;
of blood for several days outside her
33
menstrual period, or when her flow as well as for the woman who has her
continues beyond the ordinary period, menstrual period, or who is afflicted with
as long as she suffers this unclean flow a chronic flow; the law for male and
she shall be unclean, just as during her female; and also for the man who lies
menstrual period. with an unclean woman."

26
Any bed on which she lies during such
a flow becomes unclean, as it would
during her menstruation, and any article
16After the death of Aaron's two
sons, who died when they approached
10
the LORD'S presence, the LORD spoke But the goat determined by lot for
to Moses Azazel he shall set alive before the
LORD, so that with it he may make
2
and said to him, "Tell your brother atonement by sending it off to Azazel in
Aaron that he is not to come whenever the desert.
he pleases into the sanctuary, inside the
11
veil, in front of the propitiatory on the "Thus shall Aaron offer up the bullock,
ark; otherwise, when I reveal myself in a his sin offering, to atone for himself and
cloud above the propitiatory, he will die. for his family. When he has slaughtered
it,
3
Only in this way may Aaron enter the
12
sanctuary. He shall bring a young he shall take a censer full of glowing
bullock for a sin offering and a ram for a embers from the altar before the LORD,
holocaust. as well as a double handful of finely
ground fragrant incense, and bringing
4
He shall wear the sacred linen tunic, them inside the veil,
with the linen drawers next his flesh,
13
gird himself with the linen sash and put there before the LORD he shall put
on the linen miter. But since these incense on the fire, so that a cloud of
vestments are sacred, he shall not put incense may cover the propitiatory over
them on until he has first bathed his the commandments; else he will die.
body in water.
14
Taking some of the bullock's blood, he
5
From the Israelite community he shall shall sprinkle it with his finger on the
receive two male goats for a sin offering fore part of the propitiatory and likewise
and one ram for a holocaust. sprinkle some of the blood with his
finger seven times in front of the
6
"Aaron shall bring in the bullock, his sin propitiatory.
offering to atone for himself and for his
15
household. "Then he shall slaughter the people's
sin-offering goat, and bringing its blood
7
Taking the two male goats and setting inside the veil, he shall do with it as he
them before the LORD at the entrance did with the bullock's blood, sprinkling it
of the meeting tent, on the propitiatory and before it.

16
8
he shall cast lots to determine which Thus he shall make atonement for the
one is for the LORD and which for sanctuary because of all the sinful
Azazel. defilements and faults of the Israelites.
He shall do the same for the meeting
9 tent, which is set up among them in the
The goat that is determined by lot for
the LORD, Aaron shall bring in and offer midst of their uncleanness.
up as a sin offering.
17
No one else may be in the meeting his own and the people's holocaust, in
tent from the time he enters the atonement for himself and for the people,
sanctuary to make atonement until he
departs. When he has made atonement 25
and also burn the fat of the sin offering
for himself and his household, as well as on the altar.
for the whole Israelite community,
26
18
"The man who has led away the goat
he shall come out to the altar before for Azazel shall wash his garments and
the LORD and make atonement for it bathe his body in water; only then may
also. Taking some of the bullock's and he enter the camp.
the goat's blood, he shall put it on the
horns around the altar, 27
The sin-offering bullock and goat
19
whose blood was brought into the
and with his finger sprinkle some of sanctuary to make atonement, shall be
the blood on it seven times. Thus he taken outside the camp, where their
shall render it clean and holy, purged of hides and flesh and offal shall be burned
the defilements of the Israelites. up in the fire.
20
"When he has completed the 28
The one who burns them shall wash
atonement rite for the sanctuary, the his garments and bathe his body in
meeting tent and the altar, Aaron shall water; only then may he enter the camp.
bring forward the live goat.
29
21
"This shall be an everlasting ordinance
Laying both hands on its head, he for you: on the tenth day of the seventh
shall confess over it all the sinful faults month every one of you, whether a
and transgressions of the Israelites, and native or a resident alien, shall mortify
so put them on the goat's head. He shall himself and shall do no work.
then have it led into the desert by an
attendant. 30
Since on this day atonement is made
22
for you to make you clean, so that you
Since the goat is to carry off their may be cleansed of all your sins before
iniquities to an isolated region, it must the LORD,
be sent away into the desert.
31
23
by everlasting ordinance it shall be a
"After Aaron has again gone into the most solemn sabbath for you, on which
meeting tent, he shall strip off and leave you must mortify yourselves.
in the sanctuary the linen vestments he
had put on when he entered there. 32
"This atonement is to be made by the
24
priest who has been anointed and
After bathing his body with water in a ordained to the priesthood in succession
sacred place, he shall put on his to his father. He shall wear the linen
vestments, and then come out and offer garments, the sacred vestments,
33 7
and make atonement for the sacred No longer shall they offer their
sanctuary, the meeting tent and the altar, sacrifices to the satyrs to whom they
as well as for the priests and all the used to render their wanton worship.
people of the community. This shall be an everlasting ordinance
for them and their descendants.
34
This, then, shall be an everlasting
8
ordinance for you: once a year "Tell them, therefore: Anyone, whether
atonement shall be made for all the sins of the house of Israel or of the aliens
of the Israelites." Thus was it done, as residing among them, who offers a
the LORD had commanded Moses. holocaust or sacrifice

9
without bringing it to the entrance of the
17The LORD said to Moses, meeting tent to offer it to the LORD,
shall be cut off from his kinsmen.
2
"Speak to Aaron and his sons, as well 10
as to all the Israelites, and tell them: And if anyone, whether of the house of
This is what the LORD has commanded. Israel or of the aliens residing among
them, partakes of any blood, I will set
3 myself against that one who partakes of
Any Israelite who slaughters an ox or a blood and will cut him off from among
sheep or a goat, whether in the camp or his people.
outside of it,
11
4 Since the life of a living body is in its
without first bringing it to the entrance blood, I have made you put it on the
of the meeting tent to present it as an altar, so that atonement may thereby be
offering to the LORD in front of his made for your own lives, because it is
Dwelling, shall be judged guilty of the blood, as the seat of life, that makes
bloodshed; and for this, such a man atonement.
shall be cut off from among his people.
12
5 That is why I have told the Israelites:
Therefore, such sacrifices as they used No one among you, not even a resident
to offer up in the open field the Israelites alien, may partake of blood.
shall henceforth offer to the LORD,
bringing them to the priest at the 13
entrance of the meeting tent and "Anyone hunting, whether of the
sacrificing them there as peace offerings Israelites or of the aliens residing among
to the LORD. them, who catches an animal or a bird
that may be eaten, shall pour out its
6 blood and cover it with earth.
The priest shall splash the blood on the
altar of the LORD at the entrance of the 14
meeting tent and there burn the fat for Since the life of every living body is its
an odor pleasing to the LORD. blood, I have told the Israelites: You
shall not partake of the blood of any
meat. Since the life of every living body
8
is its blood, anyone who partakes of it You shall not have intercourse with
shall be cut off. your father's wife, for that would be a
disgrace to your father.
15
"Everyone, whether a native or an
9
alien, who eats of an animal that died of You shall not have intercourse with
itself or was killed by a wild beast, shall your sister, your father's daughter or
wash his garments, bathe in water, and your mother's daughter, whether she
be unclean until evening, and then he was born in your own household or born
will be clean. elsewhere.

16 10
If he does not wash or does not bathe You shall not have intercourse with
his body, he shall have the guilt to bear." your son's daughter or with your
daughter's daughter, for that would be a
disgrace to your own family.
18The LORD said to Moses, 11
You shall not have intercourse with the
2 daughter whom your father's wife bore
"Speak to the Israelites and tell them: I, to him, since she, too, is your sister.
the LORD, am your God.
12
3 You shall not have intercourse with
You shall not do as they do in the land your father's sister, since she is your
of Egypt, where you once lived, nor shall father's relative.
you do as they do in the land of Canaan,
where I am bringing you; do not conform 13
to their customs. You shall not have intercourse with
your mother's sister, since she is your
4 mother's relative.
My decrees you shall carry out, and my
statutes you shall take care to follow. I, 14
the LORD, am your God. You shall not disgrace your father's
brother by being intimate with his wife,
5 since she, too, is your aunt.
Keep, then, my statutes and decrees,
for the man who carries them out will 15
find life through them. I am the LORD. You shall not have intercourse with
your daughter-in-law; she is your son's
6 wife, and therefore you shall not
"None of you shall approach a close disgrace her.
relative to have sexual intercourse with
her. I am the LORD. 16
You shall not have intercourse with
7 your brother's wife, for that would be a
You shall not disgrace your father by disgrace to your brother.
having intercourse with your mother.
Besides, since she is your own mother, 17
you shall not have intercourse with her. You shall not have intercourse with a
woman and also with her daughter, nor
shall you marry and have intercourse
with her son's daughter or her and decrees forbidding all such
daughter's daughter; this would be abominations
shameful, because they are related to
her. 27
by which the previous inhabitants
defiled the land;
18
While your wife is still living you shall
not marry her sister as her rival; for thus 28
otherwise the land will vomit you out
you would disgrace your first wife. also for having defiled it, just as it
vomited out the nations before you.
19
"You shall not approach a woman to
have intercourse with her while she is 29
Everyone who does any of these
unclean from menstruation. abominations shall be cut off from
among his people.
20
You shall not have carnal relations
with your neighbor's wife, defiling 30
Heed my charge, then, not to defile
yourself with her. yourselves by observing the abominable
customs that have been observed
21
You shall not offer any of your before you. I, the LORD, am your God."
offspring to be immolated to Molech,
thus profaning the name of your God. I
am the LORD. 19The LORD said to Moses,
22
You shall not lie with a male as with a 2
woman; such a thing is an abomination. "Speak to the whole Israelite
community and tell them: Be holy, for I,
23 the LORD your God, am holy.
You shall not have carnal relations
with an animal, defiling yourself with it; 3
nor shall a woman set herself in front of Revere your mother and father, and
an animal to mate with it; such things keep my sabbaths. I, the LORD, am
are abhorrent. your God.

4
24
"Do not defile yourselves by any of "Do not turn aside to idols, nor make
these things by which the nations whom molten gods for yourselves. I, the LORD,
I am driving out of your way have defiled am your God.
themselves. 5
"When you sacrifice your peace
25
Because their land has become defiled, offering to the LORD, if you wish it to be
I am punishing it for its wickedness, by acceptable,
making it vomit out its inhabitants. 6
it must be eaten on the very day of your
26
You, however, whether natives or sacrifice or on the following day.
resident aliens, must keep my statutes Whatever is left over until the third day
shall be burned up in the fire.
7
If any of it is eaten on the third day, the you stand by idly when your neighbor's
sacrifice will be unacceptable as refuse; life is at stake. I am the LORD.

8 17
whoever eats of it then shall pay the "You shall not bear hatred for your
penalty for having profaned what is brother in your heart. Though you may
sacred to the LORD. Such a one shall have to reprove your fellow man, do not
be cut off from his people. incur sin because of him.

9 18
"When you reap the harvest of your Take no revenge and cherish no
land, you shall not be so thorough that grudge against your fellow countrymen.
you reap the field to its very edge, nor You shall love your neighbor as yourself.
shall you glean the stray ears of grain. I am the LORD.

10 19
Likewise, you shall not pick your "Keep my statutes: do not breed any of
vineyard bare, nor gather up the grapes your domestic animals with others of a
that have fallen. These things you shall different species; do not sow a field of
leave for the poor and the alien. I, the yours with two different kinds of seed;
LORD, am your God. and do not put on a garment woven with
two different kinds of thread.
11
"You shall not steal. You shall not lie
20
or speak falsely to one another. "If a man has carnal relations with a
female slave who has already been
12
You shall not swear falsely by my living with another man but has not yet
name, thus profaning the name of your been redeemed or given her freedom,
God. I am the LORD. they shall be punished but not put to
death, because she is not free.
13
"You shall not defraud or rob your 21
neighbor. You shall not withhold The man, moreover, shall bring to the
overnight the wages of your day laborer. entrance of the meeting tent a ram as
his guilt offering to the LORD.
14
You shall not curse the deaf, or put a 22
stumbling block in front of the blind, but With this ram the priest shall make
you shall fear your God. I am the LORD. atonement before the LORD for the sin
he has committed, and it will be forgiven
15 him.
"You shall not act dishonestly in
rendering judgment. Show neither 23
partiality to the weak nor deference to "When you come into the land and
the mighty, but judge your fellow men plant any fruit tree there, first look upon
justly. its fruit as if it were uncircumcised. For
three years, while its fruit remains
16
You shall not go about spreading uncircumcised, it may not be eaten.
slander among your kinsmen; nor shall
24
In the fourth year, however, all of its once aliens in the land of Egypt. I, the
fruit shall be sacred to the LORD as a LORD, am your God.
thanksgiving feast to him.
35
"Do not act dishonestly in using
25
Not until the fifth year may you eat its measures of length or weight or capacity.
fruit. Thus it will continue its yield for you.
I, the LORD, am your God. 36
You shall have a true scale and true
weights, an honest ephah and an
26
"Do not eat meat with the blood still in honest hin. I, the LORD, am your God,
it. Do not practice divination or who brought you out of the land of Egypt.
soothsaying.
37
Be careful, then, to observe all my
27
Do not clip your hair at the temples, statutes and decrees. I am the LORD."
nor trim the edges of your beard.

28
Do not lacerate your bodies for the
dead, and do not tattoo yourselves. I am
20The LORD said to Moses,
the LORD. 2
"Tell the Israelites: Anyone, whether an
29 Israelite or an alien residing in Israel,
"You shall not degrade your daughter who gives any of his offspring to Molech
by making a prostitute of her; else the shall be put to death. Let his fellow
land will become corrupt and full of citizens stone him.
lewdness.
3
30 I myself will turn against such a man
Keep my sabbaths, and reverence my and cut him off from the body of his
sanctuary. I am the LORD. people; for in giving his offspring to
31
Molech, he has defiled my sanctuary
"Do not go to mediums or consult and profaned my holy name.
fortune-tellers, for you will be defiled by
them. I, the LORD, am your God. 4
Even if his fellow citizens connive at
32
such a man's crime of giving his
"Stand up in the presence of the aged, offspring to Molech, and fail to put him
and show respect for the old; thus shall to death,
you fear your God. I am the LORD.
5
33
I myself will set my face against that
"When an alien resides with you in man and his family and will cut off from
your land, do not molest him. their people both him and all who join
him in his wanton worship of Molech.
34
You shall treat the alien who resides
with you no differently than the natives 6
Should anyone turn to mediums and
born among you; have the same love for fortune-tellers and follow their wanton
him as for yourself; for you too were ways, I will turn against such a one and
cut him off from his people.
7 16
Sanctify yourselves, then, and be holy; If a woman goes up to any animal to
for I, the LORD, your God, am holy. mate with it, the woman and the animal
shall be slain; let them both be put to
8
Be careful, therefore, to observe what I, death; their lives are forfeit.
the LORD, who make you holy, have
17
prescribed. If a man consummates marriage with
his sister or his half-sister, they shall be
9
"Anyone who curses his father or publicly cut off from their people for this
mother shall be put to death; since he shameful deed; the man shall pay the
has cursed his father or mother, he has penalty of having had intercourse with
forfeited his life. his own sister.

18
10
If a man commits adultery with his If a man lies in sexual intercourse with
neighbor's wife, both the adulterer and a woman during her menstrual period,
the adulteress shall be put to death. both of them shall be cut off from their
people, because they have laid bare the
11
If a man disgraces his father by lying flowing fountain of her blood.
with his father's wife, both the man and 19
his stepmother shall be put to death; You shall not have intercourse with
they have forfeited their lives. your mother's sister or your father's
sister; whoever does so shall pay the
12
If a man lies with his daughter-in-law, penalty of incest.
both of them shall be put to death; since 20
they have committed an abhorrent deed, If a man disgraces his uncle by having
they have forfeited their lives. intercourse with his uncle's wife, the
man and his aunt shall pay the penalty
13
If a man lies with a male as with a by dying childless.
woman, both of them shall be put to 21
death for their abominable deed; they If a man marries his brother's wife and
have forfeited their lives. thus disgraces his brother, they shall be
childless because of this incest.
14
If a man marries a woman and her 22
mother also, the man and the two "Be careful to observe all my statutes
women as well shall be burned to death and all my decrees; otherwise the land
for their shameful conduct, so that such where I am bringing you to dwell will
shamefulness may not be found among vomit you out.
you.
23
Do not conform, therefore, to the
15
If a man has carnal relations with an customs of the nations whom I am
animal, the man shall be put to death, driving out of your way, because all
and the animal shall be slain. these things that they have done have
filled me with disgust for them.
24 5
But to you I have said: Their land shall "The priests shall not make bare the
be your possession, a land flowing with crown of the head, nor shave the edges
milk and honey. I am giving it to you as of the beard, nor lacerate the body.
your own, I, the LORD, your God, who
have set you apart from the other 6
To their God they shall be sacred, and
nations. not profane his name; since they offer
up the oblations of the LORD, the food
25
You, too, must set apart, then, the of their God, they must be holy.
clean animals from the unclean, and the
clean birds from the unclean, so that 7
"A priest shall not marry a woman who
you may not be contaminated with the has been a prostitute or has lost her
uncleanness of any beast or bird or of honor, nor a woman who has been
any swarming creature in the land that I divorced by her husband; for the priest
have set apart for you. is sacred to his God.
26
To me, therefore, you shall be sacred; 8
Honor him as sacred who offers up the
for I, the LORD, am sacred, I, who have food of your God; treat him as sacred,
set you apart from the other nations to because I, the LORD, who have
be my own. consecrated him, am sacred.
27
"A man or a woman who acts as a 9
"A priest's daughter who loses her
medium or fortune-teller shall be put to honor by committing fornication and
death by stoning; they have no one but thereby dishonors her father also, shall
themselves to blame for their death." be burned to death.

10
"The most exalted of the priests, upon
21The LORD said to Moses, "Speak whose head the anointing oil has been
to Aaron's sons, the priests, and tell poured and who has been ordained to
them: None of you shall make himself wear the special vestments, shall not
unclean for any dead person among his bare his head or rend his garments,
people,
11
nor shall he go near any dead person.
2
except for his nearest relatives, his Not even for his father or mother may he
mother or father, his son or daughter, thus become unclean
his brother
12
or leave the sanctuary; otherwise he
3
or his maiden sister, who is of his own will profane the sanctuary of his God, for
family while she remains unmarried; for with the anointing oil upon him, he is
these he may make himself unclean. dedicated to his God, to me, the LORD.

13
4
But for a sister who has married out of "The priest shall marry a virgin.
his family he shall not make himself
unclean; this would be a profanation.
14
Not a widow or a woman who has that are sacred to me, for it is I, the
been divorced or a woman who has lost LORD, who make them sacred."
her honor as a prostitute, but a virgin,
taken from his own people, shall he 24
Moses, therefore, told this to Aaron
marry; and his sons and to all the Israelites.
15
otherwise he will have base offspring
among his people. I, the LORD, have
made him sacred."
22The LORD said to Moses,
2
16
The LORD said to Moses, "Tell Aaron and his sons to respect the
sacred offerings which the Israelites
17 consecrate to me; else they will profane
"Speak to Aaron and tell him: None of my holy name. I am the LORD.
your descendants, of whatever
generation, who has any defect shall 3
come forward to offer up the food of his "Tell them: If any one of you, or of your
God. descendants in any future generation,
dares, while he is in a state of
18 uncleanness, to draw near the sacred
Therefore, he who has any of the offerings which the Israelites consecrate
following defects may not come forward: to the LORD, such a one shall be cut off
he who is blind, or lame, or who has any from my presence. I am the LORD.
disfigurement or malformation,
4
19 "No descendant of Aaron who is
or a crippled foot or hand, stricken with leprosy, or who suffers
20
from a flow, may eat of these sacred
or who is hump-backed or weakly or offerings, unless he again becomes
walleyed, or who is afflicted with clean. Moreover, if anyone touches a
eczema, ringworm or hernia. person who has become unclean by
contact with a corpse, or if anyone has
21
No descendant of Aaron the priest had an emission of seed,
who has any such defect may draw near
to offer up the oblations of the LORD; on 5
or if anyone touches any swarming
account of his defect he may not draw creature or any man whose
near to offer up the food of his God. uncleanness, of whatever kind it may be,
is contagious,
22
He may, however, partake of the food
of his God: of what is most sacred as 6
the one who touches such as these
well as of what is sacred. shall be unclean until evening and may
not eat of the sacred portions until he
23
Only, he may not approach the veil nor has first bathed his body in water,
go up to the altar on account of his
defect; he shall not profane these things
7 16
then, when the sun sets, he again nor in the eating of the sacred offering
becomes clean. Only then may he eat of shall they bring down guilt that must be
the sacred offerings, which are his food. punished; it is I, the LORD, who make
them sacred."
8
He shall not make himself unclean by
17
eating of any animal that has died of The LORD said to Moses,
itself or has been killed by wild beasts. I
am the LORD. 18
"Speak to Aaron and his sons and to
all the Israelites, and tell them: When
9
"They shall keep my charge and not do anyone of the house of Israel, or any
wrong in this matter; else they will die alien residing in Israel, who wishes to
for their profanation. I am the LORD offer a sacrifice, brings a holocaust as a
who have consecrated them. votive offering or as a free-will offering
to the LORD,
10
"Neither a lay person nor a priest's
19
tenant or hired servant may eat of any if it is to be acceptable, the ox or
sacred offering. sheep or goat that he offers must be an
unblemished male.
11
But a slave whom a priest acquires by
20
purchase or who is born in his house You shall not offer one that has any
may eat of his food. defect, for such a one would not be
acceptable for you.
12
A priest's daughter who is married to a
21
layman may not eat of the sacred When anyone presents a peace
contributions. offering to the LORD from the herd or
the flock in fulfillment of a vow, or as a
13
But if a priest's daughter is widowed or free-will offering, if it is to find
divorced and, having no children, acceptance, it must be unblemished; it
returns to her father's house, she may shall not have any defect.
then eat of her father's food as in her
22
youth. No layman, however, may eat of One that is blind or crippled or maimed,
it. or one that has a running sore or mange
or ringworm, you shall not offer to the
14
If such a one eats of a sacred offering LORD; do not put such an animal on the
through inadvertence, he shall make altar as an oblation to the LORD.
restitution to the priest for the sacred
23
offering, with an increment of one fifth of An ox or a sheep that is in any way ill-
the amount. proportioned or stunted you may indeed
present as a free-will offering, but it will
15
The sacred offerings which the not be acceptable as a votive offering.
Israelites contribute to the LORD the
24
priests shall not allow to be profaned One that has its testicles bruised or
crushed or torn out or cut off you shall
not offer to the LORD. You shall neither
do this in your own land 23The LORD said to Moses,
25
nor receive from a foreigner any such 2
"Speak to the Israelites and tell them:
animals to offer up as the food of your The following are the festivals of the
God; since they are deformed or LORD, my feast days, which you shall
defective, they will not be acceptable for celebrate with a sacred assembly.
you."
3
26 "For six days work may be done; but
The LORD said to Moses, the seventh day is the sabbath rest, a
27
day for sacred assembly, on which you
"When an ox or a lamb or a goat is shall do no work. The sabbath shall
born, it shall remain with its mother for belong to the LORD wherever you dwell.
seven days; only from the eighth day
onward will it be acceptable, to be 4
"These, then, are the festivals of the
offered as an oblation to the LORD. LORD which you shall celebrate at their
28
proper time with a sacred assembly.
You shall not slaughter an ox or a
sheep on one and the same day with its 5
The Passover of the LORD falls on the
young. fourteenth day of the first month, at the
29
evening twilight.
Whenever you offer a thanksgiving
sacrifice to the LORD, so offer it that it 6
The fifteenth day of this month is the
may be acceptable for you; LORD'S feast of Unleavened Bread. For
30
seven days you shall eat unleavened
it must, therefore, be eaten on the bread.
same day; none of it shall be left over
until the next day. I am the LORD. 7
On the first of these days you shall hold
31
a sacred assembly and do no sort of
"Be careful to observe the work.
commandments which I, the LORD, give
you, 8
On each of the seven days you shall
32
offer an oblation to the LORD. Then on
and do not profane my holy name; in the seventh day you shall again hold a
the midst of the Israelites I, the LORD, sacred assembly and do no sort of
must be held as sacred. It is I who made work."
you sacred
9
33
The LORD said to Moses,
and led you out of the land of Egypt,
that I, the LORD, might be your God." 10
"Speak to the Israelites and tell them:
When you come into the land which I
am giving you, and reap your harvest,
you shall bring a sheaf of the first fruits bull, and two rams, along with their
of your harvest to the priest, cereal offering and libations, as a sweet-
smelling oblation to the LORD.
11
who shall wave the sheaf before the
19
LORD that it may be acceptable for you. One male goat shall be sacrificed as a
On the day after the sabbath the priest sin offering, and two yearling lambs as a
shall do this. peace offering.

12 20
On this day, when your sheaf is waved, The priest shall wave the bread of the
you shall offer to the LORD for a first fruits and the two lambs as a wave
holocaust an unblemished yearling lamb. offer ing before the LORD; these shall
be sacred to the LORD and belong to
13
Its cereal offering shall be two tenths the priest.
of an ephah of fine flour mixed with oil,
21
as a sweet-smelling oblation to the On this same day you shall by
LORD; and its libation shall be a fourth proclamation have a sacred assembly,
of a hin of wine. and no sort of work may be done. This
shall be a perpetual statute for you and
14
Until this day, when you bring your your descendants wherever you dwell.
God this offering, you shall not eat any
22
bread or roasted grain or fresh kernels. "When you reap the harvest of your
This shall be a perpetual statute for you land, you shall not be so thorough that
and your descendants wherever you you reap the field to its very edge, nor
dwell. shall you glean the stray ears of your
grain. These things you shall leave for
15
"Beginning with the day after the the poor and the alien. I, the LORD, am
sabbath, the day on which you bring the your God."
wave-offering sheaf, you shall count
23
seven full weeks, The LORD said to Moses,

16 24
and then on the day after the seventh "Tell the Israelites: On the first day of
week, the fiftieth day, you shall present the seventh month you shall keep a
the new cereal offering to the LORD. sabbath rest, with a sacred assembly
and with the trumpet blasts as a
17
For the wave offering of your first fruits reminder;
to the LORD, you shall bring with you
25
from wherever you live two loaves of you shall then do no sort of work, and
bread made of two tenths of an ephah of you shall offer an oblation to the LORD."
fine flour and baked with leaven.
26
The LORD said to Moses,
18
Besides the bread, you shall offer to
the LORD a holocaust of seven 27
"The tenth of this seventh month is the
unblemished yearling lambs, one young Day of Atonement, when you shall hold
a sacred assembly and mortify LORD. On that solemn closing you shall
yourselves and offer an oblation to the do no sort of work.
LORD.
37
"These, therefore, are the festivals of
28
On this day you shall not do any work, the LORD on which you shall proclaim a
because it is the Day of Atonement, sacred assembly, and offer as an
when atonement is made for you before oblation to the LORD holocausts and
the LORD, your God. cereal offerings, sacrifices and libations,
as prescribed for each day,
29
Anyone who does not mortify himself
38
on this day shall be cut off from his in addition to those of the LORD'S
people, sabbaths, your donations, your various
votive offerings and the free-will
30
and if anyone does any work on this offerings that you present to the LORD.
day, I will remove him from the midst of
39
his people. "On the fifteenth day, then, of the
seventh month, when you have
31
This is a perpetual statute for you and gathered in the produce of the land, you
your descendants wherever you dwell: shall celebrate a pilgrim feast of the
you shall do no work, LORD for a whole week. The first and
the eighth day shall be days of complete
32
but shall keep a sabbath of complete rest.
rest and mortify yourselves. Beginning 40
on the evening of the ninth of the month, On the first day you shall gather
you shall keep this sabbath of yours foliage from majestic trees, branches of
from evening to evening." palms and boughs of myrtles and of
valley poplars, and then for a week you
33 shall make merry before the LORD, your
The LORD said to Moses,
God.
34
"Tell the Israelites: The fifteenth day of 41
this seventh month is the LORD'S feast By perpetual statute for you and your
of Booths, which shall continue for descendants you shall keep this pilgrim
feast of the LORD for one whole week in
seven days.
the seventh month of the year.
35
On the first day there shall be a sacred 42
assembly, and you shall do no sort of During this week every native Israelite
work. among you shall dwell in booths,

43
36 that your descendants may realize that,
For seven days you shall offer an
when I led the Israelites out of the land
oblation to the LORD, and on the eighth
day you shall again hold a sacred of Egypt, I made them dwell in booths. I,
the LORD, am your God."
assembly and offer an oblation to the
44
Thus did Moses announce to the various oblations to the LORD, it is his
Israelites the festivals of the LORD. by perpetual right."

10
Among the Israelites there was a man
24The LORD said to Moses, born of an Israelite mother (Shelomith,
daughter of Dibri, of the tribe of Dan)
2 and an Egyptian father.
"Order the Israelites to bring you clear
oil of crushed olives for the light, so that 11
you may keep lamps burning regularly. This man quarreled publicly with
another Israelite and cursed and
3 blasphemed the LORD'S name. So the
In the meeting tent, outside the veil that people brought him to Moses,
hangs in front of the commandments,
Aaron shall set up the lamps to burn 12
before the LORD regularly, from who kept him in custody till a decision
evening till morning. Thus, by a from the LORD should settle the case
perpetual statute for you and your for them.
descendants, 13
The LORD then said to Moses,
4
the lamps shall be set up on the pure 14
gold lampstand, to burn regularly before "Take the blasphemer outside the
the LORD. camp, and when all who heard him have
laid their hands on his head, let the
5
"You shall take fine flour and bake it whole community stone him.
into twelve cakes, using two tenths of an 15
ephah of flour for each cake. Tell the Israelites: Anyone who curses
his God shall bear the penalty of his sin;
6
These you shall place in two piles, six 16
in each pile, on the pure gold table whoever blasphemes the name of the
before the LORD. LORD shall be put to death. The whole
community shall stone him; alien and
7
On each pile put some pure native alike must be put to death for
frankincense, which shall serve as an blaspheming the LORD'S name.
oblation to the LORD, a token offering 17
for the bread. "Whoever takes the life of any human
being shall be put to death;
8
Regularly on each sabbath day this 18
bread shall be set out afresh before the whoever takes the life of an animal
LORD, offered on the part of the shall make restitution of another animal.
Israelites by an everlasting agreement. A life for a life!

19
9
It shall belong to Aaron and his sons, Anyone who inflicts an injury on his
who must eat it in a sacred place, since, neighbor shall receive the same in
as something most sacred among the return.
20 6
Limb for limb, eye for eye, tooth for While the land has its sabbath, all its
tooth! The same injury that a man gives produce will be food equally for you
another shall be inflicted on him in yourself and for your male and female
return. slaves, for your hired help and the
tenants who live with you,
21
Whoever slays an animal shall make
7
restitution, but whoever slays a man and likewise for your livestock and for
shall be put to death. the wild animals on your land.

22 8
You shall have but one rule, for alien "Seven weeks of years shall you count-
and native alike. I, the LORD, am your -seven times seven years--so that the
God." seven cycles amount to forty-nine years.

23 9
When Moses told this to the Israelites, Then, on the tenth day of the seventh
they took the blasphemer outside the month let the trumpet resound; on this,
camp and stoned him; they carried out the Day of Atonement, the trumpet blast
the command that the LORD had given shall re-echo throughout your land.
Moses.
10
This fiftieth year you shall make
sacred by proclaiming liberty in the land
25The LORD said to Moses on for all its inhabitants. It shall be a jubilee
for you, when every one of you shall
Mount Sinai,
return to his own property, every one to
2 his own family estate.
"Speak to the Israelites and tell them:
When you enter the land that I am giving 11
you, let the land, too, keep a sabbath for In this fiftieth year, your year of jubilee,
the LORD. you shall not sow, nor shall you reap the
aftergrowth or pick the grapes from the
3 untrimmed vines.
For six years you may sow your field,
and for six years prune your vineyard, 12
gathering in their produce. Since this is the jubilee, which shall be
sacred for you, you may not eat of its
4 produce, except as taken directly from
But during the seventh year the land the field.
shall have a complete rest, a sabbath
for the LORD, when you may neither 13
sow your field nor prune your vineyard. "In this year of jubilee, then, every one
of you shall return to his own property.
5
The aftergrowth of your harvest you 14
shall not reap, nor shall you pick the Therefore, when you sell any land to
grapes of your untrimmed vines in this your neighbor or buy any from him, do
year of sabbath rest for the land. not deal unfairly.
15 24
On the basis of the number of years Therefore, in every part of the country
since the last jubilee shall you purchase that you occupy, you must permit the
the land from him; and so also, on the land to be redeemed.
basis of the number of years for crops,
shall he sell it to you. 25
When one of your countrymen is
reduced to poverty and has to sell some
16
When the years are many, the price of his property, his closest relative, who
shall be so much the more; when the has the right to redeem it, may go and
years are few, the price shall be so buy back what his kinsman has sold.
much the less. For it is really the
number of crops that he sells you. 26
If, however, the man has no relative to
redeem his land, but later on acquires
17
Do not deal unfairly, then; but stand in sufficient means to buy it back in his
fear of your God. I, the LORD, am your own name,
God.
27
he shall make a deduction from the
18
"Observe my precepts and be careful price in proportion to the number of
to keep my regulations, for then you will years since the sale, and then pay back
dwell securely in the land. the balance to the one to whom he sold
it, so that he may thus regain his own
19
The land will yield its fruit and you will property.
have food in abundance, so that you
28
may live there without worry. But if he does not acquire sufficient
means to buy back his land, what he
20
Therefore, do not say, 'What shall we has sold shall remain in the possession
eat in the seventh year, if we do not of the purchaser until the jubilee, when it
then sow or reap our crop?' must be released and returned to its
original owner.
21
I will bestow such blessings on you in 29
the sixth year that there will then be crop "When someone sells a dwelling in a
enough for three years. walled town, he has the right to buy it
back during the time of one full year
22 from its sale.
When you sow in the eighth year, you
will continue to eat from the old crop; 30
and even into the ninth year, when the But if such a house in a walled town
crop comes in, you will still have the old has not been redeemed at the end of a
to eat from. full year, it shall belong in perpetuity to
the purchaser and his descendants; nor
23
"The land shall not be sold in shall it be released in the jubilee.
perpetuity; for the land is mine, and you 31
are but aliens who have become my However, houses in villages that are
tenants. not encircled by walls shall be
considered as belonging to the
40
surrounding farm land; they may be Rather, let him be like a hired servant
redeemed at any time, and in the jubilee or like your tenant, working with you
they must be released. until the jubilee year,

32 41
"In levitical cities the Levites shall when he, together with his children,
always have the right to redeem the shall be released from your service and
town houses that are their property. return to his kindred and to the property
of his ancestors.
33
Any town house of the Levites in their
42
cities that had been sold and not Since those whom I brought out of the
redeemed, shall be released in the land of Egypt are servants of mine, they
jubilee; for the town houses of the shall not be sold as slaves to any man.
Levites are their hereditary property in
the midst of the Israelites. 43
Do not lord it over them harshly, but
stand in fear of your God.
34
Moreover, the pasture land belonging
to their cities shall not be sold at all; it 44
"Slaves, male and female, you may
must always remain their hereditary indeed possess, provided you buy them
property. from among the neighboring nations.
35
"When one of your fellow countrymen 45
You may also buy them from among
is reduced to poverty and is unable to the aliens who reside with you and from
hold out beside you, extend to him the their children who are born and reared
privileges of an alien or a tenant, so that in your land. Such slaves you may own
he may continue to live with you. as chattels,
36
Do not exact interest from your 46
and leave to your sons as their
countryman either in money or in kind, hereditary property, making them
but out of fear of God let him live with perpetual slaves. But you shall not lord it
you. harshly over any of the Israelites, your
kinsmen.
37
You are to lend him neither money at
interest nor food at a profit. 47
"When one of your countrymen is
reduced to such poverty that he sells
38
I, the LORD, am your God, who himself to a wealthy alien who has a
brought you out of the land of Egypt to permanent or a temporary residence
give you the land of Canaan and to be among you, or to one of the
your God. descendants of an immigrant family,

39 48
"When, then, your countryman even after he has thus sold his
becomes so impoverished beside you services he still has the right of
that he sells you his services, do not redemption; he may be redeemed by
make him work as a slave. one of his own brothers,
49 2
or by his uncle or cousin, or by some Keep my sabbaths, and reverence my
other relative or fellow clansman; or, if sanctuary. I am the LORD.
he acquires the means, he may redeem
himself. 3
"If you live in accordance with my
precepts and are careful to observe my
50
With his purchaser he shall compute commandments,
the years from the sale to the jubilee,
distributing the sale price over these 4
I will give you rain in due season, so
years as though he had been hired as a that the land will bear its crops, and the
day laborer. trees their fruit;
51
The more such years there are, the 5
your threshing will last till vintage time,
more of the sale price he shall pay back and your vintage till the time for sowing,
as ransom; and you will have food to eat in
abundance, so that you may dwell
52
the fewer years there are left before securely in your land.
the jubilee year, the more he has to his
credit; in proportion to his years of 6
I will establish peace in the land, that
service shall he pay his ransom. you may lie down to rest without anxiety.
I will rid the country of ravenous beasts,
53
The alien shall treat him as a servant and keep the sword of war from
hired on an annual basis, and he shall sweeping across your land.
not lord it over him harshly under your
very eyes. 7
You will rout your enemies and lay
them low with your sword.
54
If he is not thus redeemed, he shall
nevertheless be released, together with 8
Five of you will put a hundred of your
his children, in the jubilee year. foes to flight, and a hundred of you will
chase ten thousand of them, till they are
55
For to me the Israelites belong as cut down by your sword.
servants; they are servants of mine,
because I brought them out of the land 9
I will look with favor upon you, and
of Egypt, I, the LORD, your God. make you fruitful and numerous, as I
carry out my covenant with you.

26"Do not make false gods for 10


So much of the old crops will you have
yourselves. You shall not erect an idol stored up for food that you will have to
or a sacred pillar for yourselves, nor discard them to make room for the new.
shall you set up a stone figure for
11
worship in your land; for I, the LORD, I will set my Dwelling among you, and
am your God. will not disdain you.
12
Ever present in your midst, I will be my blows another sevenfold, as your
your God, and you will be my people; sins deserve.

13 22
for it is I, the LORD, your God, who I will unleash the wild beasts against
brought you out of the land of the you, to rob you of your children and
Egyptians and freed you from their wipe out your livestock, till your
slavery, breaking the yoke they had laid population dwindles away and your
upon you and letting you walk erect. roads become deserted.

14 23
"But if you do not heed me and do not "If, with all this, you still refuse to be
keep all these commandments, chastened by me and continue to defy
me,
15
if you reject my precepts and spurn my
24
decrees, refusing to obey all my I, too, will defy you and will smite you
commandments and breaking my for your sins seven times harder than
covenant, before.

16 25
then I, in turn, will give you your I will make the sword, the avenger of
deserts. I will punish you with terrible my covenant, sweep over you. Though
woes--with wasting and fever to dim the you then huddle together in your walled
eyes and sap the life. You will sow your cities, I will send in pestilence among
seed in vain, for your enemies will you, till you are forced to surrender to
consume the crop. the enemy.

17 26
I will turn against you, till you are And as I cut off your supply of bread,
beaten down before your enemies and ten women will need but one oven for
lorded over by your foes. You will take baking all the bread they dole out to you
to flight though no one pursues you. in rations--not enough food to still your
hunger.
18
"If even after this you do not obey me,
27
I will increase the chastisement for your "If, despite all this, you still persist in
sins sevenfold, disobeying and defying me,

19 28
to break your haughty confidence. I I, also, will meet you with fiery
will make the sky above you as hard as defiance and will chastise you with
iron, and your soil as hard as bronze, sevenfold fiercer punishment for your
sins,
20
so that your strength will be spent in
29
vain; your land will bear no crops, and till you begin to eat the flesh of your
its trees no fruit. own sons and daughters.

21 30
"If then you become defiant in your I will demolish your high places,
unwillingness to obey me, I will multiply overthrow your incense stands, and cast
39
your corpses on those of your idols. In Those of you who survive in the lands
my abhorrence of you, of their enemies will waste away for their
own and their fathers' guilt.
31
I will lay waste your cities and
40
devastate your sanctuaries, refusing to "Thus they will have to confess that
accept your sweet-smelling offerings. they and their fathers were guilty of
having rebelled against me and of
32
So devastated will I leave the land that having defied me,
your very enemies who come to live
41
there will stand aghast at the sight of it. so that I, too, had to defy them and
bring them into their enemies' land.
33
You yourselves I will scatter among Then, when their uncircumcised hearts
the nations at the point of my drawn are humbled and they make amends for
sword, leaving your countryside their guilt,
desolate and your cities deserted.
42
I will remember my covenant with
34
Then shall the land retrieve its lost Jacob, my covenant with Isaac, and my
sabbaths during all the time it lies waste, covenant with Abraham; and of the land,
while you are in the land of your too, I will be mindful.
enemies; then shall the land have rest
43
and make up for its sabbaths But the land must first be rid of them,
that in its desolation it may make up its
35
during all the time that it lies desolate, lost sabbaths, and that they, too, may
enjoying the rest that you would not let it make good the debt of their guilt for
have on the sabbaths when you lived having spurned my precepts and
there. abhorred my statutes.

44
36
"Those of you who survive in the lands Yet even so, even while they are in
of their enemies I will make so their enemies' land, I will not reject or
fainthearted that, if leaves rustle behind spurn them, lest, by wiping them out, I
them, they will flee headlong, as if from make void my covenant with them; for I,
the sword, though no one pursues them; the LORD, am their God.

45
37
stumbling over one another as if to I will remember them because of the
escape a weapon, while no one is after covenant I made with their forefathers,
them--so helpless will you be to take a whom I brought out of the land of Egypt
stand against your foes! under the very eyes of the Gentiles, that
I, the LORD, might be their God."
38
You will be lost among the Gentiles, 46
swallowed up in your enemies' country. These are the precepts, decrees and
laws which the LORD had Moses
promulgate on Mount Sinai in the pact
between himself and the Israelites.
10
The offerer shall not present a
27The LORD said to Moses, substitute for it by exchanging either a
better for a worse one or a worse for a
2 better one. If he attempts to offer one
"Speak to the Israelites and tell them: animal in place of another, both the
When anyone fulfills a vow of offering original and its substitute shall be
one or more persons to the LORD, who treated as sacred.
are to be ransomed at a fixed sum of
money, 11
If the animal vowed to the LORD is
3 unclean and therefore unfit for sacrifice,
for persons between the ages of twenty it must be set before the priest,
and sixty, the fixed sum, in sanctuary
shekels, shall be fifty silver shekels for a 12
man, who shall determine its value in
keeping with its good or bad qualities,
4 and the value set by the priest shall
and thirty shekels for a woman; stand.
5
for persons between the ages of five 13
If the offerer wishes to redeem the
and twenty, the fixed sum shall be animal, he shall pay one fifth more than
twenty shekels for a youth, and ten for a this valuation.
maiden;
14
6 "When someone dedicates his house
for persons between the ages of one as sacred to the LORD, the priest shall
month and five years, the fixed sum determine its value in keeping with its
shall be five silver shekels for a boy, and good or bad points, and the value set by
three for a girl; the priest shall stand.
7
for persons of sixty or more, the fixed 15
If the one who dedicated his house
sum shall be fifteen shekels for a man, wishes to redeem it, he shall pay one
and ten for a woman. fifth more than the price thus
8
established, and then it will again be his.
However, if the one who took the vow is
too poor to meet the fixed sum, the 16
"If the object which someone
person must be set before the priest, dedicates to the LORD is a piece of his
who shall determine the sum for his hereditary land, its valuation shall be
ransom in keeping with the means of the made according to the amount of seed
one who made the vow. required to sow it, the acreage sown
9
with a homer of barley seed being
"If the offering vowed to the LORD is an valued at fifty silver shekels.
animal that may be sacrificed, every
such animal, when vowed to the LORD, 17
If the dedication of a field is made at
becomes sacred. the beginning of a jubilee period, the full
valuation shall hold;
18
but if it is some time after this, the an ox or a sheep, it shall be ceded to
priest shall estimate its money value the LORD;
according to the number of years left
until the next jubilee year, with a 27
but if it is an unclean animal, it may be
corresponding rebate on the valuation. redeemed by paying one fifth more than
its fixed value. If it is not redeemed, it
19
If the one who dedicated his field shall be sold at its fixed value.
wishes to redeem it, he shall pay one
fifth more than the price thus 28
"Note, also, that any one of his
established, and so reclaim it. possessions which a man vows as
doomed to the LORD, whether it is a
20
If, instead of redeeming such a field, human being or an animal or a
he sells it to someone else, it may no hereditary field, shall be neither sold nor
longer be redeemed; ransomed; everything that is thus
doomed becomes most sacred to the
21
but at the jubilee it shall be released LORD.
as sacred to the LORD; like a field that
29
is doomed, it shall become priestly All human beings that are doomed
property. lose the right to be redeemed; they must
be put to death.
22
"If the field that some man dedicates to
30
the LORD is one he had purchased and "All tithes of the land, whether in grain
not a part of his hereditary property, from the fields or in fruit from the trees,
belong to the LORD, as sacred to him.
23
the priest shall compute its value in
31
proportion to the number of years until If someone wishes to buy back any of
the next jubilee, and on the same day his tithes, he shall pay one fifth more
the price thus established shall be given than their value.
as sacred to the LORD;
32
The tithes of the herd and the flock
24
at the jubilee, however, the field shall shall be determined by ceding to the
revert to the hereditary owner of this LORD as sacred every tenth animal as
land from whom it had been purchased. they are counted by the herdsman's rod.

25 33
"Every valuation shall be made It shall not matter whether good ones
according to the standard of the or bad ones are thus chosen, and no
sanctuary shekel. There are twenty exchange may be made. If any
gerahs to the shekel. exchange is attempted, both the original
animal and its substitute shall be treated
26
"Note that a first-born animal, which as as sacred, without the right of being
such already belongs to the LORD, may bought back."
not be dedicated by vow to him. If it is
34
These are the commandments which for the Israelites.
the LORD gave Moses on Mount Sinai
Numbers
Gamaliel, son of Pedahzur, for the
descendants of Joseph;
1In the year following that of the 11
from Benjamin: Abidan, son of
Israelites' departure from the land of
Egypt, on the first day of the second Gideoni;
month, the LORD said to Moses in the 12
meeting tent in the desert of Sinai: from Dan: Ahiezer, son of
Ammishaddai;
2
"Take a census of the whole 13
community of the Israelites, by clans from Asher: Pagiel, son of Ochran;
and ancestral houses, registering each
14
male individually. from Gad: Eliasaph, son of Reuel;

3 15
You and Aaron shall enroll in from Naphtali: Ahira, son of Enan."
companies all the men in Israel of
twenty years or more who are fit for 16
These were councilors of the
military service. community, princes of their ancestral
tribes, chiefs of the troops of Israel.
4
"To assist you there shall be a man
from each tribe, the head of his 17
So Moses and Aaron took these men
ancestral house. who had been designated,
5
These are the names of those who are 18
and assembled the whole community
to assist you: from Reuben: Elizur, son on the first day of the second month.
of Shedeur; Every man of twenty years or more then
declared his name and lineage
6
from Simeon: Shelumiel, son of according to clan and ancestral house,
Zurishaddai;
19
as the LORD had commanded Moses.
7
from Judah: Nahshon, son of This is their census as taken in the
Amminadab; desert of Sinai.

8 20
from Issachar: Nethanel, son of Zuar; Of the descendants of Reuben, the
first-born of Israel, registered by lineage
9
from Zebulun: Eliab, son of Helon; in clans and ancestral houses: when all
the males of twenty years or more who
10
from Ephraim: Elishama, son of were fit for military service were polled,
Ammihud, and from Manasseh:
21
forty-six thousand five hundred were twenty years or more who were fit for
enrolled in the tribe of Reuben. military service were polled,

22 31
Of the descendants of Simeon, fifty-seven thousand four hundred
registered by lineage in clans and were enrolled in the tribe of Zebulun.
ancestral houses: when all the males of
twenty years or more who were fit for 32
Of the descendants of Joseph-Of the
military service were polled, descendants of Ephraim, registered by
lineage in clans and ancestral houses:
23
fifty-nine thousand three hundred were when all the males of twenty years or
enrolled in the tribe of Simeon. more who were fit for military service
were polled,
24
Of the descendants of Gad, registered
33
by lineage in clans and ancestral forty thousand five hundred were
houses: when all the males of twenty enrolled in the tribe of Ephraim.
years or more who were fit for military
service were polled, 34
Of the descendants of Manasseh,
registered by lineage in clans and
25
forty-five thousand six hundred and ancestral houses: when all the males of
fifty were enrolled in the tribe of Gad. twenty years or more who were fit for
military service were polled,
26
Of the descendants of Judah,
35
registered by lineage in clans and thirty-two thousand two hundred were
ancestral houses: when all the males of enrolled in the tribe of Manasseh.
twenty years or more who were fit for
military service were polled, 36
Of the descendants of Benjamin,
registered by lineage in clans and
27
seventy-four thousand six hundred ancestral houses: when all the males of
were enrolled in the tribe of Judah. twenty years or more who were fit for
military service were polled,
28
Of the descendants of Issachar,
37
registered by lineage in clans and thirty-five thousand four hundred were
ancestral houses: when all the males of enrolled in the tribe of Benjamin.
twenty years or more who were fit for
military service were polled, 38
Of the descendants of Dan, registered
by lineage in clans and ancestral
29
fifty-four thousand four hundred were houses: when all the males of twenty
enrolled in the tribe of Issachar. years or more who were fit for military
service were polled,
30
Of the descendants of Zebulun,
39
registered by lineage in clans and sixty-two thousand seven hundred
ancestral houses: when all the males of were enrolled in the tribe of Dan.
40
Of the descendants of Asher, all its equipment and all that belongs to
registered by lineage in clans and it. It is they who shall carry the Dwelling
ancestral houses: when all the males of with all its equipment and who shall be
twenty years or more who were fit for its ministers. They shall therefore camp
military service were polled, around the Dwelling.

41 51
forty-one thousand five hundred were When the Dwelling is to move on, the
enrolled in the tribe of Asher. Levites shall take it down; when the
Dwelling is to be pitched, it is the Levites
42
Of the descendants of Naphtali, who shall set it up. Any layman who
registered by lineage in clans and comes near it shall be put to death.
ancestral houses: when all the males of
52
twenty years or more who were fit for While the other Israelites shall camp
military service were polled, by companies, each in his own division
of the camp,
43
fifty-three thousand four hundred were
53
enrolled in the tribe of Naphtali. the Levites shall camp around the
Dwelling of the commandments.
44
It was these who were registered, Otherwise God's wrath will strike the
each according to his ancestral house, Israelite community. The Levites, then,
in the census taken by Moses and shall have charge of the Dwelling of the
Aaron and the twelve princes of Israel. commandments."

54
45
The total number of the Israelites of All this the Israelites fulfilled as the
twenty years or more who were fit for LORD had commanded Moses.
military service, registered by ancestral
houses,

46
2The LORD said to Moses and Aaron:
was six hundred and three thousand,
five hundred and fifty. 2
"The Israelites shall camp, each in his
47
own division, under the ensigns of their
The Levites, however, were not ancestral houses. They shall camp
registered by ancestral tribe with the around the meeting tent, but at some
others. distance from it.
48
For the LORD had told Moses, 3
"Encamped on the east side, toward
the sunrise, shall be the divisional camp
49
"The tribe of Levi alone you shall not of Judah, arranged in companies. (The
enroll nor include in the census along prince of the Judahites was Nahshon,
with the other Israelites. son of Amminadab,

50
You are to give the Levites charge of
the Dwelling of the commandments with
4 14
and his soldiers amounted in the and next the tribe of Gad. (Their prince
census to seventy-four thousand six was Eliasaph, son of Reuel,
hundred.)
15
and his soldiers amounted in the
5
With Judah shall camp the tribe of census to forty-five thousand six
Issachar (Their prince was Nethanel, hundred and fifty.
son of Zuar,
16
The total number of those registered
6
and his soldiers amounted in the by companies in the camp of Reuben
census to fifty-four thousand four was one hundred and fifty-one thousand
hundred.) four hundred and fifty.) These shall be
second on the march.
7
and the tribe of Zebulun. (Their prince
17
was Eliab, son of Helon, "Then the meeting tent and the camp
of the Levites shall set out in the middle
8
and his soldiers amounted in the of the line. As in camp, so also on the
census to fifty-seven thousand four march, every man shall be in his proper
hundred. place, with his own division.

18
9
The total number of those registered by "On the west side shall be the
companies in the camp of Judah was divisional camp of Ephraim, arranged in
one hundred and eighty-six thousand companies. (Their prince was Elishama,
four hundred.) These shall be first on son of Ammihud,
the march.
19
and his soldiers amounted in the
10
"On the south side shall be the census to forty thousand five hundred.)
divisional camp of Reuben, arranged in
20
companies. (Their prince was Elizur, Beside them shall camp the tribe of
son of Shedeur, Manasseh (Their prince was Gamaliel,
son of Pedahzur,
11
and his soldiers amounted in the
21
census to forty-six thousand five and his soldiers amounted in the
hundred.) census to thirty-two thousand two
hundred.)
12
Beside them shall camp the tribe of
22
Simeon (Their prince was Shelumiel, and the tribe of Benjamin. (Their
son of Zurishaddai, prince was Abidan, son of Gideoni,

13 23
and his soldiers amounted in the and his soldiers amounted in the
census to fifty-nine thousand three census to thirty-five thousand four
hundred.) hundred.
24 33
The total number of those registered The Levites, however, were not
by companies in the camp of Ephraim registered with the other Israelites, for
was one hundred and eight thousand so the LORD had commanded Moses.
one hundred.) These shall be third on
the march. 34
The Israelites did just as the LORD
had commanded Moses; both in camp
25
"On the north side shall be the and on the march they were in their own
divisional camp of Dan, arranged in divisions, every man according to his
companies. (Their prince was Ahiezer, clan and his ancestral house.
son of Ammishaddai,

26
and his soldiers amounted in the
census to sixty-two thousand seven
3The following were the descendants
of Aaron and Moses at the time that the
hundred.) LORD spoke to Moses on Mount Sinai.
27
Beside them shall camp the tribe of 2
The sons of Aaron were Nadab his first-
Asher (Their prince was Pagiel, son of born, Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar.
Ochran,
3
28 These are the names of the sons of
and his soldiers amounted in the Aaron, the anointed priests who were
census to forty-one thousand five ordained to exercise the priesthood.
hundred.)
4
29 But when Nadab and Abihu offered
and next the tribe of Naphtali. (Their profane fire before the LORD in the
prince was Ahira, son of Enan, desert of Sinai, they met death in the
30
presence of the LORD, and left no sons.
and his soldiers amounted in the Thereafter only Eleazar and Ithamar
census to fifty-three thousand four performed the priestly functions under
hundred. the direction of their father Aaron.
31
The total number of those registered 5
Now the LORD said to Moses:
by companies in the camp of Dan was
one hundred and fifty-seven thousand 6
"Summon the tribe of Levi and present
six hundred.) These shall be the last of them to Aaron the priest, as his
the divisions on the march." assistants.
32
This was the census of the Israelites 7
They shall discharge his obligations
taken by ancestral houses. The total and those of the whole community
number of those registered by before the meeting tent by serving at the
companies in the camps was six Dwelling.
hundred and three thousand five
hundred and fifty. 8
They shall have custody of all the
furnishings of the meeting tent and
19
discharge the duties of the Israelites in The descendants of Kohath, by clans,
the service of the Dwelling. were Amram, Izhar, Hebron and Uzziel.

9 20
You shall give the Levites to Aaron and The descendants of Merari, by clans,
his sons; they have been set aside from were Mahli and Mushi. These were the
among the Israelites as dedicated to me. clans of the Levites by ancestral houses.

10 21
But only Aaron and his descendants To Gershon belonged the clan of the
shall you appoint to have charge of the Libnites and the clan of the Shimeites;
priestly functions. Any layman who these were the clans of the Gershonites.
comes near shall be put to death."
22
When all their males of a month or
11
The LORD said to Moses, more were registered, they numbered
seven thousand five hundred.
12
"It is I who have chosen the Levites
23
from the Israelites in place of every first- The clans of the Gershonites camped
born that opens the womb among the behind the Dwelling, to the west.
Israelites. The Levites, therefore, are
mine, 24
The prince of their ancestral house
was Eliasaph, son of Lael.
13
because every first-born is mine.
When I slew all the first-born in the land 25
At the meeting tent they had charge of
of Egypt, I made all the first-born in whatever pertained to the Dwelling, the
Israel sacred to me, both of man and of tent and its covering, the curtain at the
beast. They belong to me; I am the entrance of the meeting tent,
LORD."
26
14
the hangings of the court, the curtain
The LORD said to Moses in the desert at the entrance of the court enclosing
of Sinai, both the Dwelling and the altar, and the
ropes.
15
"Take a census of the Levites by
ancestral houses and clans, registering 27
To Kohath belonged the clans of the
every male of a month or more." Amramites, the Izharites, the Hebronites,
and the Uzzielites; these were the clans
16
Moses, therefore, took their census in of the Kohathites.
accordance with the command the
LORD had given him. 28
When all their males of a month or
more were registered, they numbered
17
The sons of Levi were named Gershon, eight thousand three hundred. They had
Kohath and Merari. charge of the sanctuary.

18 29
The descendants of Gershon, by clans, The clans of the Kohathites camped at
were named Libni and Shimei. the south side of the Dwelling.
30 39
The prince of their ancestral house The total number of male Levites a
was Elizaphan, son of Uzziel. month old or more whom Moses had
registered by clans in keeping with the
31
They had charge of whatever LORD'S command, was twenty-two
pertained to the ark, the table, the thousand.
lampstand, the altars, the utensils with
40
which the ministry of the sanctuary was The LORD then said to Moses, "Take
exercised, and the veil. a census of all the first-born males of
the Israelites a month old or more, and
32
The chief prince of the Levites, compute their total number.
however, was Eleazar, son of Aaron the
41
priest; he was supervisor over those Then assign the Levites to me, the
who had charge of the sanctuary. LORD, in place of all the first-born of the
Israelites, as well as their cattle in place
33
To Merari belonged the clans of the of all the first-born among the cattle of
Mahlites and the Mushites; these were the Israelites."
the clans of Merari.
42
So Moses took a census of all the first-
34
When all their males of a month or born of the Israelites, as the LORD had
more were registered, they numbered commanded him.
six thousand two hundred.
43
When all the first-born males of a
35
The prince of the ancestral house of month or more were registered, they
the clans of Merari was Zuriel, son of numbered twenty-two thousand two
Abihail. They camped at the north side hundred and seventy-three.
of the Dwelling.
44
The LORD said to Moses:
36
The Merarites were charged with the
45
care of whatever pertained to the boards "Take the Levites in place of all the
of the Dwelling, its bars, columns, first-born of the Israelites, and the
pedestals, and all its fittings, Levites' cattle in place of their cattle, that
the Levites may belong to me. I am the
37
as well as the columns of the LORD.
surrounding court with their pedestals,
46
pegs and ropes. As ransom for the two hundred and
seventy-three first-born of the Israelites
38
East of the Dwelling, that is, in front of who outnumber the Levites,
the meeting tent, toward the sunrise,
47
were camped Moses and Aaron and the you shall take five shekels for each
latter's sons. They discharged the individual, according to the standard of
obligations of the sanctuary for the the sanctuary shekel, twenty gerahs to
Israelites. Any layman who came near the shekel.
was to be put to death.
48 7
Give this silver to Aaron and his sons On the table of the Presence they shall
as ransom for the extra number." spread a violet cloth and put on it the
plates and cups, as well as the bowls
49
So Moses took the silver as ransom and pitchers for libations; the
from those who were left when the rest established bread offering shall remain
had been redeemed by the Levites. on the table.

8
50
From the first-born of the Israelites he Over these they shall spread a scarlet
received in silver one thousand three cloth and cover all this with tahash skin.
hundred and sixty-five shekels They shall then put the poles in place.
according to the sanctuary standard.
9
They shall use a violet cloth to cover
51
He then gave this ransom silver to the lampstand with its lamps, trimming
Aaron and his sons, as the LORD had shears, and trays, as well as the various
commanded him. containers of oil from which it is supplied.

10
The lampstand with all its utensils they
4The LORD said to Moses and Aaron: shall then enclose in a covering of
tahash skin, and place on a litter.
2
"Among the Levites take a total of the 11
Over the golden altar they shall spread
Kohathites, by clans and ancestral a violet cloth, and cover this also with a
houses, all the men of the Kohathites covering of tahash skin. They shall then
3
put the poles in place.
between thirty and fifty years of age;
these are to undertake obligatory tasks 12
Taking the utensils of the sanctuary
in the meeting tent. service, they shall wrap them all in violet
4
cloth and cover them with tahash skin.
"The service of the Kohathites in the They shall then place them on a litter.
meeting tent concerns the most sacred
objects. 13
After cleansing the altar of its ashes,
5
they shall spread a purple cloth over it.
In breaking camp, Aaron and his sons
shall go in and take down the screening 14
On this they shall put all the utensils
curtain and cover the ark of the with which it is served: the fire pans,
commandments with it. forks, shovels, basins, and all the
6
utensils of the altar. They shall then
Over these they shall put a cover of spread a covering of tahash skin over
tahash skin, and on top of this spread this, and put the poles in place.
an all-violet cloth. They shall then put
the poles in place. 15
"Only after Aaron and his sons have
finished covering the sacred objects and
all their utensils on breaking camp, shall
25
the Kohathites enter to carry them. But they shall carry the sheets of the
they shall not touch the sacred objects; Dwelling, the meeting tent with its
if they do they will die. These, then, are covering and the outer wrapping of
the objects in the meeting tent that the tahash skin, the curtain at the entrance
Kohathites shall carry. of the meeting tent,

16 26
"Eleazar, son of Aaron the priest, shall the hangings of the court, the curtain
be in charge of the oil for the light, the at the entrance of the court that
fragrant incense, the established cereal encloses both the Dwelling and the altar,
offering, and the anointing oil. He shall together with their ropes and all other
be in charge of the whole Dwelling with objects necessary in their use.
all the sacred objects and utensils that Whatever is to be done with these
are in it." things shall be their task.

17 27
The LORD said to Moses and Aaron: The service of the Gershonites shall
be entirely under the direction of Aaron
18
"Do not let the group of Kohathite and his sons, with regard to what they
clans perish from the body of the Levites. must do and what they must carry; you
shall make each man of them
19
That they may live and not die when responsible for what he is to carry.
they approach the most sacred objects, 28
this is what you shall do for them: Aaron This, then, is the task of the
and his sons shall go in and assign to Gershonites in the meeting tent; and
each of them his task and what he must they shall be under the supervision of
carry; Ithamar, son of Aaron the priest.

29
20
but the Kohathites shall not go in to "Among the Merarites, too, you shall
look upon the sacred objects, even for enroll by clans and ancestral houses
an instant; if they do, they will die."
30
all their men between thirty and fifty
21
The LORD said to Moses, years of age; these are to undertake
obligatory tasks in the meeting tent.
22
"Take a total among the Gershonites 31
also, by ancestral houses and clans, This is what they shall be responsible
for carrying, all the years of their service
23
of all the men between thirty and fifty in the meeting tent: the boards of the
years of age; these are to undertake Dwelling with its bars, columns and
pedestals,
obligatory tasks in the meeting tent.
32
24 and the columns of the surrounding
This is the task of the clans of the
Gershonites, what they must do and court with their pedestals, pegs and
ropes. You shall designate for each man
what they must carry:
of them all the objects connected with
42
his service, which he shall be Then the registration was made
responsible for carrying. among the Merarites, by clans and
ancestral houses,
33
This, then, is the task of the clans of
43
the Merarites during all their service in of all the men from thirty up to fifty
the meeting tent under the supervision years of age. These were to undertake
of Ithamar, son of Aaron the priest." obligatory tasks in the meeting tent;

34 44
So Moses and Aaron and the princes as registered by clans, they numbered
of the community made a registration three thousand two hundred.
among the Kohathites, by clans and
ancestral houses, 45
Such was the census of the men of the
Merarite clans which Moses took,
35
of all the men between thirty and fifty together with Aaron, as the LORD bade
years of age. These were to undertake him.
obligatory tasks in the meeting tent;
46
Therefore, when Moses and Aaron
36
as registered by clans, they numbered and the Israelites princes had completed
two thousand seven hundred and fifty. the registration among the Levites, by
clans and ancestral houses,
37
Such was the census of all the men of
47
the Kohathite clans who were to serve in of all the men between thirty and fifty
the meeting tent, which Moses took, years of age who were to undertake
together with Aaron, as the LORD bade tasks of service or transport of the
him. meeting tent,

38 48
The registration was then made the total number registered was eight
among the Gershonites, by clans and thousand five hundred and eighty.
ancestral houses,
49
According to the LORD'S bidding to
39
of all the men between thirty and fifty Moses, they gave them their individual
years of age. These were to undertake assignments for service and for
obligatory tasks in the meeting tent; transport; so the LORD had
commanded Moses.
40
as registered by clans and ancestral
houses, they numbered two thousand
six hundred and thirty. 5The LORD said to Moses:
41
Such was the census of all the men of 2
"Order the Israelites to expel from
the Gershonite clans who were to serve camp every leper, and everyone
in the meeting tent, which Moses took, suffering from a discharge, and
together with Aaron, at the LORD'S everyone who has become unclean by
bidding. contact with a corpse.
3 13
Male and female alike, you shall by having intercourse with another
compel them to go out of the camp; they man, though her husband has not
are not to defile the camp in which I sufficient evidence of the fact, so that
dwell." her impurity remains unproved for lack
of a witness who might have caught her
4
The Israelites obeyed the command in the act;
that the LORD had given Moses; they
14
expelled them from the camp. or if a man is overcome by a feeling of
jealousy that makes him suspect his
5
The LORD said to Moses, wife, whether she was actually impure
or not:
6
"Tell the Israelites: If a man (or a 15
woman) commits a fault against his he shall bring his wife to the priest and
fellow man and wrongs him, thus shall take along as an offering for her a
breaking faith with the LORD, tenth of an ephah of barley meal.
However, he shall not pour oil on it nor
7
he shall confess the wrong he has done, put frankincense over it, since it is a
cereal offering of jealousy, a cereal
restore his ill-gotten goods in full, and in
addition give one fifth of their value to offering for an appeal in a question of
the one he has wronged. guilt.

16
8
However, if the latter has no next of kin "The priest shall first have the woman
come forward and stand before the
to whom restoration of the ill-gotten
goods can be made, the goods to be LORD.
restored shall be the LORD'S and shall 17
fall to the priest; this is apart from the In an earthen vessel he shall
atonement ram with which the priest meanwhile put some holy water, as well
makes amends for the guilty man. as some dust that he has taken from the
floor of the Dwelling.
9
Likewise, every sacred contribution that 18
the Israelites are bound to make shall Then, as the woman stands before the
fall to the priest. LORD, the priest shall uncover her head
and place in her hands the cereal
10
Each Israelite man may dispose of his offering of her appeal, that is, the cereal
own sacred contributions; they become offering of jealousy, while he himself
shall hold the bitter water that brings a
the property of the priest to whom he
gives them." curse.

19
11
The LORD said to Moses, Then he shall adjure the woman,
saying to her, 'If no other man has had
12 intercourse with you, and you have not
"Speak to the Israelites and tell them: gone astray by impurity while under the
If a man's wife goes astray and authority of your husband, be immune to
becomes unfaithful to him the curse brought by this bitter water.
20
But if you have gone astray while that she will become an example of
under the authority of your husband and imprecation among her people.
have acted impurely by letting a man
other than your husband have 28
If, however, the woman has not defiled
intercourse with you'-- herself, but is still pure, she will be
immune and will still be able to bear
21
so shall the priest adjure the woman children.
with this oath of imprecation--'may the
LORD make you an example of 29
"This, then, is the law for jealousy:
malediction and imprecation among When a woman goes astray while under
your people by causing your thighs to the authority of her husband and acts
waste away and your belly to swell! impurely,
22
May this water, then, that brings a 30
or when such a feeling of jealousy
curse, enter your body to make your comes over a man that he becomes
belly swell and your thighs waste away!' suspicious of his wife, he shall have her
And the woman shall say, 'Amen, stand before the LORD, and the priest
amen!' shall apply this law in full to her.
23
The priest shall put these imprecations 31
The man shall be free from guilt, but
in writing and shall then wash them off the woman shall bear such guilt as she
into the bitter water, may have."
24
which he is to have the woman drink,
so that it may go into her with all its
bitter curse.
6The LORD said to Moses:
2
25
But first he shall take the cereal "Speak to the Israelites and tell them:
offering of jealousy from the woman's When a man (or a woman) solemnly
hand, and having waved this offering takes the nazirite vow to dedicate
before the LORD, shall put it near the himself to the LORD,
altar, 3
he shall abstain from wine and strong
26
where he shall take a handful of the drink; he may neither drink wine vinegar,
cereal offering as its token offering and other vinegar, of any kind of grape juice,
burn it on the altar. Only then shall he nor eat either fresh or dried grapes.
have the woman drink the water. 4
As long as he is a nazirite he shall not
27
Once she has done so, if she has eat anything of the produce of the vine;
been impure and unfaithful to her not even unripe grapes or grapeskins.
husband, this bitter water that brings a 5
curse will go into her, and her belly will While he is under the nazirite vow, no
swell and her thighs will waste away, so razor shall touch his hair. Until the
period of his dedication to the LORD is
14
over, he shall be sacred, and shall let bringing as his offering to the LORD
the hair of his head grow freely. one unblemished yearling lamb for a
holocaust, one unblemished yearling
6
As long as he is dedicated to the LORD, ewe lamb for a sin offering, one
he shall not enter where a dead person unblemished ram as a peace offering,
is. along with their cereal offerings and
libations,
7
Not even for his father or mother, his 15
sister or brother, should they die, may and a basket of unleavened cakes of
he become unclean, since his head fine flour mixed with oil and of
bears his dedication to God. unleavened wafers spread with oil.

16
8
As long as he is a nazirite he is sacred The priest shall present them before
to the LORD. the LORD, and shall offer up the sin
offering and the holocaust for him.
9
"If someone dies very suddenly in his 17
presence, so that his dedicated head He shall then offer up the ram as a
becomes unclean, he shall shave his peace offering to the LORD, with its
head on the day of his purification, that cereal offering and libation, and the
is, on the seventh day. basket of unleavened cakes.

18
10
On the eighth day he shall bring two Then at the entrance of the meeting
turtledoves or two pigeons to the priest tent the nazirite shall shave his
at the entrance of the meeting tent. dedicated head, collect the hair, and put
it in the fire that is under the peace
11
The priest shall offer up the one as a offering.
sin offering and the other as a holocaust, 19
thus making atonement for him for the After the nazirite has shaved off his
sin he has committed by reason of the dedicated hair, the priest shall take a
dead person. On the same day he shall boiled shoulder of the ram, as well as
reconsecrate his head one unleavened cake and one
unleavened wafer from the basket, and
12 shall place them in the hands of the
and begin anew the period of his
dedication to the LORD as a nazirite, nazirite.
bringing a yearling lamb as a guilt 20
offering. The previous period is not valid, The priest shall then wave them as a
because his dedicated head became wave offering before the LORD. They
unclean. become sacred and shall belong to the
priest, along with the breast of the wave
13 offering and the leg of the raised offering.
"This is the ritual for the nazirite: On
the day he completes the period of his Only after this may the nazirite drink
dedication he shall go to the entrance of wine.
the meeting tent,
21 4
"This, then, is the law for the nazirite; The LORD then said to Moses,
this is the offering to the LORD which is
included in his vow of dedication apart 5
"Accept their offering, that these things
from anything else which his means may be put to use in the service of the
may allow. Thus shall he carry out the meeting tent. Assign them to the Levites,
law of his dedication in keeping with the to each group in proportion to its duties."
vow he has taken."
6
22
So Moses accepted the wagons and
The LORD said to Moses: oxen, and assigned them to the Levites.
23
"Speak to Aaron and his sons and tell 7
He gave two wagons and four oxen to
them: This is how you shall bless the the Gershonites in proportion to their
Israelites. Say to them: duties,
24
The LORD bless you and keep you! 8
and four wagons and eight oxen to the
Merarites in proportion to their duties,
25
The LORD let his face shine upon you, under the supervision of Ithamar, son of
and be gracious to you! Aaron the priest.

26 9
The LORD look upon you kindly and He gave none to the Kohathites,
give you peace! because they had to carry on their
shoulders the sacred objects which
27
So shall they invoke my name upon were their charge.
the Israelites, and I will bless them."
10
For the dedication of the altar also, the
princes brought offerings before the
7Now, when Moses had completed altar on the day it was anointed.
the erection of the Dwelling and had 11
anointed and consecrated it with all its But the LORD said to Moses, "Let one
equipment (as well as the altar with all prince a day present his offering for the
its equipment), dedication of the altar."

12
2
an offering was made by the princes of The one who presented his offering on
Israel, who were heads of ancestral the first day was Nahshon, son of
houses; the same princes of the tribes Amminadab, prince of the tribe of Judah.
who supervised the census. 13
His offering consisted of one silver
3
The offering they brought before the plate weighing a hundred and thirty
LORD consisted of six baggage wagons shekels according to the sanctuary
and twelve oxen, that is, a wagon for standard and one silver basin weighing
every two princes, and an ox for every seventy shekels, both filled with fine
prince. These they presented as their flour mixed with oil for a cereal offering;
offering before the Dwelling.
14
one gold cup of ten shekels' weight standard and one silver basin weighing
filled with incense; seventy shekels, both filled with fine
flour mixed with oil for a cereal offering;
15
one young bull, one ram, and one
26
yearling lamb for a holocaust; one gold cup of ten shekels' weight
filled with incense;
16
one goat for a sin offering;
27
one young bull, one ram, and one
17
and two oxen, five rams, five goats, yearling lamb for a holocaust;
and five yearling lambs for a peace
28
offering. This was the offering of one goat for a sin offering;
Nahshon, son of Amminadab.
29
and two oxen, five rams, five goats,
18
On the second day Nethanel, son of and five yearling lambs for a peace
Zuar, prince of Issachar, made his offering. This was the offering of Eliab,
offering. son of Helon.

19 30
He presented as his offering one silver On the fourth day it was the turn of
plate weighing a hundred and thirty Elizur, son of Shedeur, prince of the
shekels according to the sanctuary Reubenites.
standard and one silver basin weighing
seventy shekels, both filled with fine 31
His offering consisted of one silver
flour mixed with oil for a cereal offering; plate weighing a hundred and thirty
shekels according to the sanctuary
20
one gold cup of ten shekels' weight standard and one silver basin weighing
filled with incense; seventy shekels, both filled with fine
flour mixed with oil for a cereal offering;
21
one young bull, one ram, and one
32
yearling lamb for a holocaust; one gold cup of ten shekels' weight
filled with incense;
22
one goat for a sin offering;
33
one young bull, one ram, and one
23
and two oxen, five rams, five goats, yearling lamb for a holocaust;
and five yearling lambs for a peace
34
offering. This was the offering of one goat for a sin offering;
Nethanel, son of Zuar.
35
and two oxen, five rams, five goats,
24
On the third day it was the turn of Eliab, and five yearling lambs for a peace
son of Helon, prince of the Zebulunites. offering. This was the offering of Elizur,
son of Shedeur.
25
His offering consisted of one silver
plate weighing a hundred and thirty
shekels according to the sanctuary
36 47
On the fifth day it was the turn of and two oxen, five rams, five goats,
Shelumiel, son of Zurishaddai, prince of and five yearling lambs for a peace
the Simeonites. offering. This was the offering of
Eliasaph, son of Reuel.
37
His offering consisted of one silver
48
plate weighing a hundred and thirty On the seventh day it was the turn of
shekels according to the sanctuary Elishama, son of Ammihud, prince of the
standard and one silver basin weighing Ephraimites.
seventy shekels, both filled with fine
flour mixed with oil for a cereal offering; 49
His offering consisted of one silver
plate weighing a hundred and thirty
38
one gold cup of ten shekels' weight shekels according to the sanctuary
filled with incense; standard and one silver basin weighing
seventy shekels, both filled with fine
39
one young bull, one ram, and one flour mixed with oil for a cereal offering;
yearling lamb for a holocaust;
50
one gold cup of ten shekels' weight
40
one goat for a sin offering; filled with incense;

51
41
and two oxen, five rams, five goats, one young bull, one ram, and one
and five yearling lambs for a peace yearling lamb for a holocaust;
offering. This was the offering of
52
Shelumiel, son of Zurishaddai. one goat for a sin offering;

42 53
On the sixth day it was the turn of and two oxen, five rams, five goats,
Eliasaph, son of Reuel, prince of the and five yearling lambs for a peace
Gadites. offering. This was the offering of
Elishama, son of Ammihud.
43
His offering consisted of one silver
54
plate weighing a hundred and thirty On the eighth day it was the turn of
shekels according to the sanctuary Gamaliel, son of Pedahzur, prince of the
standard and one silver basin weighing Manassehites.
seventy shekels, both filled with fine
flour mixed with oil for a cereal offering; 55
His offering consisted of one silver
plate weighing a hundred and thirty
44
one gold cup of ten shekels' weight shekels according to the sanctuary
filled with incense; standard and one silver basin weighing
seventy shekels, both filled with fine
45
one young bull, one ram, and one flour mixed with oil for a cereal offering;
yearling lamb for a holocaust;
56
one gold cup of ten shekels' weight
46
one goat for a sin offering; filled with incense;
57
one young bull, one ram, and one seventy shekels, both filled with fine
yearling lamb for a holocaust; flour mixed with oil for a cereal offering;

58 68
one goat for a sin offering; one gold cup of ten shekels' weight
filled with incense;
59
and two oxen, five rams, five goats,
69
and five yearling lambs for a peace one young bull, one ram, and one
offering. This was the offering of yearling lamb for a holocaust;
Gamaliel, son of Pedahzur.
70
one goat for a sin offering;
60
On the ninth day it was the turn of
Abidan, son of Gideoni, prince of the 71
and two oxen, five rams, five goats,
Benjaminites. and five yearling lambs for a peace
offering. This was the offering of Ahiezer,
61
His offering consisted of one silver son of Ammishaddai.
plate weighing a hundred and thirty
shekels according to the sanctuary 72
On the eleventh day it was the turn of
standard and one silver basin weighing Pagiel, son of Ochran, prince of the
seventy shekels, both filled with fine Asherites.
flour mixed with oil for a cereal offering;
73
62
His offering consisted of one silver
one gold cup of ten shekels' weight plate weighing one hundred and thirty
filled with incense; shekels according to the sanctuary
standard and one silver basin weighing
63
one young bull, one ram, and one seventy shekels, both filled with fine
yearling lamb for a holocaust; flour mixed with oil for a cereal offering;

64 74
one goat for a sin offering; one gold cup of ten shekels' weight
filled with incense;
65
and two oxen, five rams, five goats,
75
and five yearling lambs for a peace one young bull, one ram, and one
offering. This was the offering of Abidan, yearling lamb for a holocaust;
son of Gideoni.
76
one goat for a sin offering;
66
On the tenth day it was the turn of
Ahiezer, son of Ammishaddai, prince of 77
and two oxen, five rams, five goats,
the Danites. and five yearling lambs for a peace
offering. This was the offering of Pagiel,
67
His offering consisted of one silver son of Ochran.
plate weighing a hundred and thirty
shekels according to the sanctuary 78
On the twelfth day it was the turn of
standard and one silver basin weighing Ahira, son of Enan, prince of the
Naphtalites.
79
His offering consisted of one silver cereal offerings; those for the sin
plate weighing a hundred and thirty offerings were twelve goats.
shekels according to the sanctuary
standard and one silver basin weighing 88
The animals for the peace offerings
seventy shekels, both filled with fine were, in all, twenty-four oxen, sixty rams,
flour mixed with oil for a cereal offering; sixty goats, and sixty yearling lambs.
These, then, were the offerings for the
80
one gold cup of ten shekels' weight dedication of the altar after it was
filled with incense; anointed.

81 89
one young bull, one ram, and one When Moses entered the meeting tent
yearling lamb for a holocaust; to speak with him, he heard the voice
addressing him from above the
82
one goat for a sin offering; propitiatory on the ark of the
commandments, from between the two
83
and two oxen, five rams, five goats, cherubim; and it spoke to him. . . .
and five yearling lambs for a peace
offering. This was the offering of Ahira,
son of Enan. 8The LORD spoke to Moses, and said,
84
These were the offerings for the 2
"Give Aaron this command: When you
dedication of the altar, given by the set up the seven lamps, have them
princes of Israel on the occasion of its throw their light toward the front of the
anointing: twelve silver plates, twelve lampstand."
silver basins, and twelve gold cups.
3
85
Aaron did so, setting up the lamps to
Each silver plate weighed a hundred face toward the front of the lampstand,
and thirty shekels, and each silver basin just as the LORD had commanded
seventy, so that all the silver of these Moses.
vessels amounted to two thousand four
hundred shekels, according to the 4
The lampstand was made of beaten
sanctuary standard. gold in both its shaft and its branches,
86
according to the pattern which the
The twelve gold cups that were filled LORD had shown Moses.
with incense weighed ten shekels
apiece, according to the sanctuary 5
The LORD said to Moses:
standard, so that all the gold of the cups
amounted to one hundred and twenty 6
shekels. "Take the Levites from among the
Israelites and purify them.
87
The animals for the holocausts were, 7
in all, twelve young bulls, twelve rams, This is what you shall do to them to
and twelve yearling lambs, with their purify them. Sprinkle them with the
water of remission; then have them
16
shave their whole bodies and wash their because they, among the Israelites,
clothes, and so purify themselves. are strictly dedicated to me; I have taken
them for myself in place of every first-
8
They shall take a young bull, along with born that opens the womb among the
its cereal offering of fine flour mixed with Israelites.
oil; you shall take another young bull for
17
a sin offering. Indeed, all the first-born among the
Israelites, both of man and of beast,
9
Then have the Levites come forward in belong to me; I consecrated them to
front of the meeting tent, where you myself on the day I slew all the first-born
shall assemble also the whole in the land of Egypt.
community of the Israelites.
18
But in place of all the first-born
10
While the Levites are present before Israelites I have taken the Levites;
the LORD, the Israelites shall lay their
19
hands upon them. and I have given these dedicated
Israelites to Aaron and his sons to
11
Let Aaron then offer the Levites before discharge the duties of the Israelites in
the LORD as a wave offering from the the meeting tent and to make atonement
Israelites, thus devoting them to the for them, so that no plague may strike
service of the LORD. among the Israelites should they come
near the sanctuary."
12
The Levites in turn shall lay their 20
hands on the heads of the bullocks, Thus, then, did Moses and Aaron and
which shall then be immolated, the one the whole community of the Israelites
as a sin offering and the other as a deal with the Levites, carrying out
holocaust to the LORD, in atonement for exactly the command which the LORD
the Levites. had given Moses concerning them.

21
13
Thus, then, shall you have the Levites When the Levites had cleansed
stand before Aaron and his sons, to be themselves of sin and washed their
offered as a wave offering to the LORD; clothes, Aaron offered them as a wave
offering before the LORD, and made
14
and thus shall you set aside the atonement for them to purify them.
Levites from the rest of the Israelites, 22
that they may be mine. Only then did they enter upon their
service in the meeting tent under the
15 supervision of Aaron and his sons. The
"Only then shall the Levites enter upon
their service in the meeting tent. You command which the LORD had given
Moses concerning the Levites was
shall purify them and offer them as a
wave offering; carried out.

23
The LORD said to Moses:
24 7
"This is the rule for the Levites. Each and said, "Although we are unclean
from his twenty-fifth year onward shall because of a corpse, why should we be
perform the required service in the deprived of presenting the LORD'S
meeting tent. offering at its proper time along with the
other Israelites?"
25
When he is fifty years old, he shall
8
retire from the required service and work Moses answered them, "Wait until I
no longer. learn what the LORD will command in
your regard."
26
His service with his fellow Levites shall
9
consist in sharing their responsibilities in The LORD then said to Moses:
the meeting tent, but he shall not do the
work. This, then, is how you are to 10
"Speak to the Israelites and say: If any
regulate the duties of the Levites." one of you or of your descendants is
unclean because of a corpse, or if he is
absent on a journey, he may still keep
9In the first month of the year following the LORD'S Passover.
their departure from the land of Egypt, 11
the Lord said to Moses in the desert of But he shall keep it in the second
Sinai, month, during the evening twilight of the
fourteenth day of that month, eating it
2
"Tell the Israelites to celebrate the with unleavened bread and bitter herbs,
Passover at the prescribed time. 12
and not leaving any of it over till
3
The evening twilight of the fourteenth morning, nor breaking any of its bones,
day of this month is the prescribed time but observing all the rules of the
when you shall celebrate it, observing all Passover.
its rules and regulations." 13
However, anyone who is clean and not
4
Moses, therefore, told the Israelites to away on a journey, who yet fails to keep
celebrate the Passover. the Passover, shall be cut off from his
people, because he did not present the
5 LORD'S offering at the prescribed time.
And they did so, celebrating the That man shall bear the consequences
Passover in the desert of Sinai during of his sin.
the evening twilight of the fourteenth day
of the first month, just as the LORD had 14
commanded Moses. "If an alien who lives among you
wishes to keep the LORD'S Passover,
6 he too shall observe the rules and
There were some, however, who were regulations for the Passover. You shall
unclean because of a human corpse have the same law for the resident alien
and so could not keep the Passover that as for the native of the land."
day. These men came up to Moses and
Aaron that same day
15
On the day when the Dwelling was and did not depart; but when it lifted,
erected, the cloud covered the Dwelling, they moved on.<