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By Justin Millett P.

Rules Of Thirds:
Imagine that your image is divided into 9 equal segments by 2 vertical and 2 horizontal
lines. The rule of thirds says that you should position the most important elements in your
scene along these lines, or at the points where they intersect.

Dominant Center of Interest:

The all-important part of a painting to which all other elements are supportive in that they
do not generate distraction. Competing portions of a painting can diminish the power,
intensity, or preferred focus on the center of interest.

The world is full of objects which make perfect natural frames, such as trees, archways
and holes. By placing these around the edge of the composition you help to isolate the
main subject from the outside world. The result is a more focused image which draws
your eye naturally to the main point of interest.

Leading Lines:
When we look at a photo our eye is naturally drawn along lines. By thinking about how
you place lines in your composition, you can affect the way we view the image, pulling us
into the picture, towards the subject, or on a journey "through" the scene. There are
many different types of line - straight, diagonal, curvy, zigzag, radial etc - and each can
be used to enhance our photo's composition.

The SYMMETRICAL image of this tree is EVEN from both sides of the vertical (up and
down) center line creating a mirror image on both sides of the line. This is a simple image,
but if you are viewing advanced photographic images it can be pleasing to the viewers eye.
Below is an example of an image that follows vertical and horizontal symmetry (the same
from side to side AND from up and down). Look at the lines drawn in from right to left and
top to bottom in the second image. This shows this as a symmetrical shot.

The image of this tree with the sides on either side of the vertical line unalike is called
ASYMMETRICAL. Both sides are not the same. Once again, this is a simple image and it
makes it clear to the viewer and it makes the odd side stand out (which can be effective, like
breaking a pattern in an image to make it stand out). Any image that is not "EVEN" or is
off-center, is considered ASYMMETRICAL.

Birds Eye View:

is an elevated view of an object from above, with a perspective as though the observer were
a bird, often used in the making of blueprints, floor plans and maps.

Worms Eye View:

In cinematography a worm's-eye view is also useful in movie making. It is useful because it
can be used as one of the camera shots/views. It is used in filming to look up to something

to make an object look tall, strong and mighty.

A merger in photography occurs when a background object is directly in front or behind a
subject. If there are multiple subjects in the photograph, a merger can also occur if both
main subjects overlap with each other or touch the sides of the picture frame.