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High Nickel Alloys & Superalloys

This group of alloys are used for their outstanding corrosion and high temperature resistance. Many are metallurgically
related to the austenitic stainless steels but are much more highly alloyed, particularly with nickel, chromium and
molybdenum in order to enhance their corrosion resistance. These alloys are used resist extremely corrosive conditions
in the energy, power, chemical and petrochemical industries.
The term superalloy is applied to alloys which have outstanding high temperature strength and oxidation resistance.
The nickel-based superalloys contain carefully balanced alloying additions of chromium, cobalt, aluminium, titanium and
other elements. Often components are produced by carefully controlled solidification in order to get an optimum
directionally solidified or even single crystal structure. These components can have strengths at 1000C which exceed
that of ordinary steels at room temperature. They are essential in the hottest parts of gas turbines both for power
generation and aircraft.
Details of applications can be found under the relevant headings in the Materials Selection & Usesection.
Details of mechanical properties, corrosion resistance and fabrication can be found in the following publications. Note
that some are now old but remain good collections of data.
10086 Corrosion-and-Heat-Resistant Nickel Alloys: Guidelines for Selection and Application
11008 Machining Nickel Alloys
14048 Nickel, Nickel Everywhere
393 High-Temperature High-Strength Nickel-Base Alloys
11012 Guidelines for the Welded Fabrication of Nickel Alloys for Corrosion-Resistant Service
10056 Practical Guide to High-Temperature Alloys
534 Machining and Grinding Several Cast Nickel-Base High-Temperature Alloys
9004 High-Temperature Characteristics of Stainless Steel
266 Heat-Resistant Castings, Corrosion-Resistant Castings, Their Engineering Properties and Applications
1196 Cast Heat-Resistant Alloys