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Derivacin de la Serie de Fourier

Teorema:
Sea f(t) una funcin continua en

<

T T
2 2 ,> y diferenciable . Entonces f tiene una

serie de Fourier que puede ser obtenida derivando trmino a trmino la serie de Fourier
de f. La serie as obtenida converge puntualmente a f en los puntos donde f sea continua,
y a [f(x+) + f(x)]/2 donde f sea discontinua.

Entonces la serie de Fourier de:

f (t )

ao
(an cos(nwo t ) bn sen (nwot )
2 n 1

Se puede derivar trmino a trmino para obtener:


x

f ' (t ) nwo ao sen(nwot ) bn cos(nwot )


n 1

Demostracin
f ' (t T ) f ' (t )

f (t T ) f (t ), t

entonces
f ' (t )

ao
an cos(nwot ) bn sen(nwot )
2 n 1

an
donde

2
T

T
2

T
2

f ' (t ) cos(nwot ) dt
, integrando por partes

du nwo sen(nwot )dt u cos(nwot )


v f (t )

dv f ' (t )dt

an

T
T
2 T2 '
2
2
2
f
(
t
)
cos(
nw
t
)
dt

f
(
t
)
cos(
nw
t
)
/

T
T nwo f (t ) sen( nwot )dt
o
o
T

T 2
T
2
2

T
2

2
T
T
2

f ( )( 1) n f ( )(1) n nwo ( ) f (t ) sen(nwot )dt

T
2
2
T T

2
2

nwo
f (t ) sen( nwot ) dt nwobn an nwobn

T
T2

bn

2
T

T
2

T
2

f ' (t ) sen( nwot ) dt


integrando por partes tenemos:

du nwo cos(nwot )dt u sen(nwot )


v f (t )

dv f ' (t )dt

bn

T
2 T2 '
2
2 T2
2
f
(
t
)
sen
(
nw
t
)
dt

f
(
t
)
sen
(
nw
t
)
/

T
T nwo f (t ) cos(nwot ) dt
o
o
T

T 2
T
T
2
2

nw t
2nwo
2
T
T
f (t )sen( o f ( )sen (nwo )( )

T
2
2
2
T

T
2

f (t ) cos(nwot )dt

nwo
f (t ) cos(nwot )dt nwobn bn nwo an

T
T2

T
2

T
2

f ' (t ) nwo bn cos(nwot ) an sen(nwot )

2
2
2
ao f ' (t )dt f (t ) / 0
T
TT
T

n 1

Integracin de la Serie de Fourier

Teorema:
Sea f(t) una funcin continua en

<

T T
2 2 ,> y peridica. Entonces la serie de

Fourier de f(t) se puede integrar termino a trmino en cualquier intervalo finito,


obtenindose una serie que converge puntualmente a una primitiva de f(t).
Entonces la serie de Fourier:

f (t )

ao
(an cos(nwo t ) bn sen (nwot )
2 n 1

Se integra trmino a trmino para obtener:

t1

f (t )dt

t2

ao
1
(t2 t1 )
bn (cos(nwot2 ) cos(nwot1 ) an (sen(nwot2 ) sen(nwot1 )
2
n 1 nwo

t1 , t2

T T
,
2 2

t1 t2

donde
Demostracin:
F (t ) f (t )dt

f (t T ) f (t ), t
Como

aot
2

y
F (t T ) F (t ), t

Entonces
F (t )
Sea

ao
2

F ' (t ) f (t )
luego

ao
(an cos(nwot ) bn sen(nwot ))
2 n1

an
de donde

2
T

(la representacin de su Serie)

T
2

F (t ) cos(nw t )dt ,
o

T
2

integrando por partes

du F ' (t )dt
u F (t )
dv cos(nwot )dt

2
an
T

an

T
2

sen(nwot )
,
nwo
entonces:
T

2
2 sen( nw t )
2
T F (t ) cos(nwot )dt T nwo o .F (t ) /T T

b
1
bn an n
nwo
nwo

T
2

T
2

F ' (t ) sen(nwot )
dt
nwo

T
2

2
bn
T

T
2

an
T
T
F ( 2 ) F ( 2 ) nw
o

at
f (t )dt o
2

pero

f (t )dt

F (t )

Luego

T
2

f (t )dt

T
2

T
F ( )
2

T
2

aoT
4

f (t )dt

aoT
4

T
T
F ( ) F ( )
2
2

T
2

F (t )

T
F( )
2

T
2

F ' (t ) cos(nwot )
dt
T
nwo

sen( nwot )
2
2
F (t ) sen( nwot ) dt ( F (t )
)/
T
nwo
T
T

2(1) n
Tnwo

bn

T
2

T
2

T
2

T
0

2
aT 2
aT
aT
f (t )dt o f (t )dt o f (t ) dt f (t ) dt o
4
4
2
T
0
0

aoT
aT aT
o o 0
2
2
2

bn

ao 1

bn cos(nwot ) an sen(nwot )
2 n 1 nwo

an
nwo

F (t1 )

ao 1

bn cos(nwot1 ) an sen(nwot1 )
2 n 1 nwo

F (t2 )

ao 1

bn cos( nwo t2 ) an sen( nwo t2 )


2 n 1 nwo

1
1
bn cos nwot2 an sen(nwot2 ) bn cos(nwot1 ) an sen(nwot1 )
n 1 nwo
n 1 nwo

F (t2 ) F (t1 )
t2

f (t )dt

t2

t1

aot2 1
at
1
f (t ) dt o 1
bn (cos(nwot1 ) cos(nwot2 )) an (sen(nwot2 ) sen(nwot1 ))
2
2
nw
n

1
o
0

1
bn (cos(nwot2 ) cos(nwot1 )) an (sen(nwot2 ) sen(nwot1 ))
n 1 nwo

f (t )dt ao (t2 t1 )