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Exploring
Systems of
Educational
Inequity
Domonique Crosby, Alexa Forster, Jake Hartz
November 21, 2013
SDAD 578: Theory, Research, & Practice
Erica K. Yamamura

Workshop facilitators
Who are we?

Graduate students in the Student Development


Administration program at Seattle University

Students in SDA 578: Theory, Research & Practice

Alexa

Domonique

Jake

Around the table


Name?
Year?
Major?
Is

our education system equal, equitable,


both, or neither?

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Workshop Structure

Defining equity v. equality

Assimilation activity & discussion

Inequity in Education

Ideal Solutions

Peer to peer interactions

Reflection

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Defining equality and equity
Categorize

the following statements as


describing equality, equity, or both
A) It costs $30,000/year for every student to attend a

university
B) Students receive financial aid based on need and

situational factors
C) This concept strives to achieve fairness
D) SAT scores are used as a measure to admit a student to

college
E) Community cultural wealth is used as a measure to

assess students for admission


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=APDxrppvtKQ

(Oregon State CRF, 2012)

Our Education System


Everybody is a genius. But if you judge a fish by its ability
to climb a tree, it will live its whole life believing that it is
stupid.

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Assimilation activity: Directions
Students

with Index Cards

You must go around to each station and get your


card filled out. At the college station you will be
offered types of college you may attend. You
must also go to the financial aid station where
you will be offered aid to pay for school. In
addition, you must go to the housing station
where you will be offered housing.

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Reflection questions

How did this activity make you feel?

What assumptions did you make about the other


groups?

What did you notice while participating in the activity?

What did you learn?


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Activity Wrap Up
Has access to
private SAT tutor

Went to a high
school that offered
6 AP classes

Activity was meant to simulate


inequity that exists on a systemic
level within the American education
system

Went to a lowly
accredited high
school
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Where does inequity come
from?

Inequity in Education is a cycle

Government allocates resources based on measuring


per pupil (NCES)

http://www.schoolfundingfairness.org/
National_Report_Card.pdf

Resources are not allocated based on need, income,


and other factors that may affect academic success

Resources are poorly allocated and schools who are in


need of support continue to report below-average test
scores, which perpetuates cycle of lacking resources

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Where does inequity exist?
Primary

education

Access to funding

Access to textbooks, computers, AP classes

Admissions

Merit (SAT scores, GPA)

Legacy factor at Seattle University

Regional recruiting

Cost

of Education

Cost of tuition rises as federal funding falls (SOURCE)

Financial

Aid

Federal funding for aid has not increased at tuition rate

Reduces equity for students in poor families and in various


marginalized racial groups (Hurtado, 2010)

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Product of inequities
Systems

of educational inequity affect campus


climates (Hurtado, 2010)

Campus diversity does not reflect proportional representation


of national population

Ex: African Americans 13.1% of US population, 4.8% of SU


population

Students

who do not have high merits must make up


for this discrepancy (Yosso, 2004)

community service

Employment

Diverse and cultural experiences

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Ideal Solutions
What

are your thoughts?

What

can be done to make our education


systems more equitable?

Do

you think it is possible for a change to


happen?

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Our ideal solutions
Admissions

Admissions office takes in to account class rank andsituational factors that affect students standardized test
scores and GPA

Take community cultural wealth of students in to account

Cost

of Tuition

Students pay tuition rate that is proportional to income


of themselves or parents/guardians

Financial

Aid

Offer as much institutional aid as possible in grants especially for marginalized groups (Hurtado, 2010)

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What can you,
as a student, do
to contribute to
a more
equitable
education
experience?

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Peer to peer education &
interaction

Equitable interactions

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=APDxrppvtKQ

Important to develop mature and interpersonal


relationships

(Oregon State CRF, 2012)

(Evans et al., 2010) - chickering

Multicultural awareness

(Pope, 2004)

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Reflection Time
Please

take time to fill out the reflection


handout.

When

you complete the reflection, turn


in to the workshop facilitators before
leaving.

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Thank you for your time!


Questions?
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References

Evans, N. J., Forney, D. S., Guido, F. M., Patton, L. D., & Renn, K. A. (2010). Student
development in college: Theory, research, and practice (2nd edition). San Francisco, CA:
Jossey-Bass.

Hurtado, S., Milem, J. F., Clayton-Pederson, A. R., & Allen, W. R. (1998). Enhancing campus
climates for
racial/ethnic diversity: Educational policy and practice. Review of Higher
Education, 21(3), 279-302.
Oregon State CRF (2012, October 29) Equity and Equality: Whats the Difference?. Retrieved
November 3, 2013 from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=APDxrppvtKQ.
Our Education System (n.d.) Our education system. [Photograph]. Retrieved November 3,
2013 from
http://imgur.com/VPqOi.
Pope, R. L., Reynolds, A. L., & Mueller, J. A. (2004). Multicultural competence in student affairs.
San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Wawrzynski, M. R., LoConte, C. L., & Straker, E. J. (2011). Learning outcomes for peer
educators: The
national survey on peer education. New Directions for Student Services,
133(1), 17-27.

Yosso, T. J. (2005). Whose culture has capital? A critical race discussion of


community
cultural wealth.
Race Ethnicity and Education, 8(1), 69-82.

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