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nal sentences ‘The conditional sentences are sometimes confusing for learners of English. Watch out: 1) Which type of the conditional sentences is used? 2) Where is the if-clause (e.g. at the beginning or at the end of the conditional sentence)? ‘There are three types of the if-clauses. type condition 1 condition possible to fulfill u condition in theory possible to fulfill a condition not possible to fulfill (too late) Form type _ifclause main clause. 1 Simple Present will-future (or Modal + infinitive) W Simple Past would + infinitive * a Past Perfect would + have + past participle * Examples (if-clause at the beginning) type _ifclause main clause 1 if study, | will pass the exam, " fl studied, | would pass the exam. m Ifthad studied, Examples (if-clause at the end) | would have passed the exam. type mainclause ifclause 1 {will pass the exam ifl study. " would pass the exam ift studied. uw would have passed the exam if! had studied. Examples (affirmative and negative sentences) type Examples long forms If study, Iwill pass the exam. - If study, | will not fail the exam. If do not study, | will fail the exam, Ifl studied, | would pass the exam, - Ifl studied, | would not fail the exam. If did not study, | would fail the exam, If had studied, | would have passed the exam. tm + - Ifthad studied, | would not have failed the exam. Ifthad not studied, | would have failed the short/contracted forms If study, Ill pass the exam. If study, | won't fail the exam. fldon't study, I'll fail the exam. If studied, I'd pass the exam, Iflstudied, | wouldn't fail the exam. Ifldidn't study, I'd fail the exam, If 'd studied, I'd have passed the exam. If 'd studied, I wouldn't have failed the exam, ifthadn't studied, I'd have failed the * We can substitute could or might for would (should, may or must are sometimes possible, too).