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SuicidePrevention1

Program Initiative Suicide Prevention


JasmineBell
SimonePeterson
RhondaStewart
AfricanAmericanHealthHRP32090
September28,2014
AliciaFritz,MS,MPH,CHES

Suicide Prevention

YOUR LIFE, OUR HOPE


Every life counts, you are the hope for our future
Background
The handbook of African American Health defines suicide as a self-inflicted death with
evidence that the person intended to die (America Psychiatric Association, 2003). It is Your Life,
According to the Center of Disease Control (CDC) suicide is the tenth leading cause of death in
the United States (U.S.). The CDC further reported that between the ages of 15-24 the suicide
rate increases elevating it to the third leading cause in the United States and that annually 4,600
youths die from suicide. Additionally 156,000 youths between the ages of 10-24 are treated in the
emergency rooms for self-inflicted injuries. A study published in the journal of American Medical
Association (JAMA) surveyed approximately 6,500 teens and the result was 1 in 8 contemplated
suicide and 1 in 25 had attempted suicide. Of those surveyed over half were receiving mental
health treatment. (NAMI, 2013)
A youths mental illness can encompass depression, anxiety, and lack of emotional wellbeing. The CDC listed these as common causes for suicidal ideologies and them committing
suicide. A scientist at John Hopkins identified genetics as a reason that people commit suicide.
This scientist reported in the journal of Molecular Psychiatry, he identified chromosome two
possess a small region which attributed to the increased risk of attempted suicide. Some of the
genetic components that may attribute to suicide are bipolar, unipolar disorder or schizophrenia.
Other factors such as stress include history of childhood trauma, interpersonal lost, relationship
breakup, victimization and/or humiliation by peers and legal trouble. There are also certain risk
factors associated with youth suicide.

Suicide Prevention

These factors can play a significant role in those youths who may attempt suicide. Some
of those risk factors are teens that have identified themselves as gay, lesbian, bisexual or
transgendered (they may feel isolated or ridiculed by their peers). Additional risk factors include
emotional disorders, substance abuse, childhood trauma, economic hardships, relationship lost,
previous suicide attempts and psychological traits such as hopelessness (Handbook of American
Health, 2010). An important risk factor is the accessibility of guns. Males aged 15-19 have a rate
of dying by suicide five times higher than females due in large part to their use of guns during
attempts. The CDC reports that firearms account for 46% for all youth suicides. (NAMI, 2013).
Program Name and logo

Your Life, Our Hope Suicide Prevention Program


Tag line - Every Life counts, you are the hope for our future there is a brighter tomorrow waiting
for you
Mission Statement
Your Life, Our Hope Suicide (YLOH) Prevention Program's is a 501(c)(3), exempt from
federal income tax, (Fritz, 2014) nonprofit organization whose mission is to provide solutions for
the African American males, between the ages of 15-24, population to provide guidance
(alternative to solutions to lifes temporary issues), and mental health therapy for at risk males, his
family and friends. To reduce African American suicide, of males between the ages of 15-24,
attempts in the Hampton Roads area. Every Life counts, these young men are the hope for our
future and to show them and help them believe that they have a future.
Our Vision
Our vision is a regional program that will reduce suicide where suicide in the Hampton
Roads area for African American males is a rare to non-existent event. Create a safe place where

Suicide Prevention

young people feel free to express themselves, where they can be nurtured and supported, and
where these individuals and their families are aware of risk factors for suicide and actively seek
help from accessible, effective community resources. (Youth Suicide Prevention Program, 2012)
ProgramOverview
Your Life, Our Hope is pleased to submit this proposal for services to support African
American males between the ages of 10-24 in the Hampton roads area to seek help and openly
talk about those things that easily besets them in their everyday lives. Our non-profit
organizations goals are to offer assistance in suicide prevention, provide a safe haven and
encouragement while improving self- esteem. We want to instill in them that this is their one and
only life and that they have a future. They are our (African Americans) hope for the future, our
future. The suicide rate of African Americans significantly increased in the 1980s and the 1990s
and our young men are still at risk. Suicide is a preventable death. (Hampton, Gullotta, & Crowel,
2010, p. 445) Suicide in the African American community is a silent epidemic. We have partnered
with a small counseling service committed to improving the youths overall experience through
one-on-one counseling and group sessions.
Objective
Our Hopes mission is to provide solutions for the African American male youth
population to provide guidance (alternative to solutions to lifes temporary issues), mental health
therapy for at risk male, his family and friends.
Teach the Community (Family, Friends, Students, etc) to look for Risk Factors for potential
suicides.
Create a safe haven where African American males can come to talk without being judged or
ridiculed.

Suicide Prevention

Employee mental health professionals, i.e., child/adolescent clinical psychiatrist,


psychologists, and social workers who will offer suicide prevention strategies
Develop and implement a 1-800 hotline where African American males can call during a time
of a crisis.
The Opportunity
Reduce the suicides among African American males between the ages of 10-24. Suicidal
behavior is the most frequent mental health emergency. The goal of crisis intervention in this case
is to keep the individual alive so that a stable state can be obtained and alternatives to suicide can
be explored. There usually is a sense of hopelessness, life has lost its meaning and they cannot see
past the present. (Hampton, Gullotta, & Crowel, 2010, p. 449) Our Hopes goal is to help the
individual reduce distress and survive the crisis.
Your Life, Our Hope was designed with African American males 10-24 in mind. We want these
young men to be productive members of society and not be ridiculed in the process. We want to
afford them the opportunity to voice their feelings and afford them opportunities to survive.
Suicide Prevention
Resiliency
To reduce the intensity of an individuals emotional, mental, physical and behavioral reaction
to suicide.
To help individuals return to their level of functioning before the crisis.
The Solution
Prevention of Suicide: Build awareness of potential stressors and risk factors. Build
rapport with the community, schools, parents and African American youths.

Functioning may be

improved above and beyond this by developing new coping skills and eliminating ineffective ways
of coping, such as withdrawal, isolation, and substance abuse. In this way, the individual is better

Suicide Prevention

equipped to cope with future difficulties. Through talking about what happened and the feelings
about what happened, while developing ways to cope and solve problems, Your Life, Our Hope
aims to assist the individual in diffusing the crisis and to prevent suicide and any long term
problems that may occur.
Within the African American community the views regarding suicide are that we do not
intentionally kill ourselves. Suicide is only for Caucasians (i.e. white people) or people who are
spiritually weak. African Americans define themselves as resilient due all the strife of racial
discrimination or oppression. (Crosby, 2006) African Americans also view suicide as a cop-out or
a punk move. However, research shows that suicide amongst the African American community is
prevalent.
Battle the Stigma of Mental Health
o

Some individuals in the African American community view Mental Health as a Weakness

o Work to eliminate the stigma associated with the topic of suicide prevention and grief
support
Suicide Prevention
o Recognize at risk individuals and common risk factors

Prior suicide attempt

Family history of mental disorder or substance abuse

Family history of suicide

Firearms in the home

Incarceration

Family violence, including physical and sexual abuse

Exposure to the suicidal behavior of others, such as family, peers or media figure
(Valleskey, 2012)

o Signs of trouble

Changes in eating and sleeping

Difficulty thinking or concentrating

Changes in mood (feeling more irritable and constantly sad)

Loss of Interest in pleasurable activities

Suicide Prevention

Physical symptoms (more so in the adult population; i.e., headaches or chronic pain)

Thoughts of suicide or self-injuring behavior, such as cutting (typically seen in teens and
adolescents). (Valleskey, 2012)

o Teach coping skills

Remind the young men of the things that give them pleasure, i.e., art, reading, writing,
playing sports, etc.

Bullying

Walking with Awareness, Calm, Respect, and Confidence

Leaving in a Powerful, Positive Way

Setting a Boundary

Using Your Voice

Protecting Your Feelings From Name-Calling

Speaking Up for Inclusion

Being Persistent in Getting Help

Using Physical Self-Defense as a Last Resort (Irene van der


Zande, 2014)

o Recognize stressors
Teach resiliency
o Suicide is a permeant solution to a temporary problem

A quote from Adrian Pantonial Even though I have suffered in the PAST, I can use its
memory to lean, be healed and be a better me NOW, towards a better FUTURE

Employee qualified Mental Health Professionals


Peer to Peer volunteerism
o

Embrace befriending and nonjudgmental listening as the means for communicating and
connecting with those affected by suicide (The Samaritans of Rhode Island, unk)

Include protective factors in solution based preventive measures


o Effective mental health care

Suicide Prevention
o

Connectedness to individuals, family, community and social


institutions

o Problem-solving skills
o

Contact with caregivers (Molock, Barnes, & Joe, 2013)

Orthodox religious beliefs and personal devotion have been identified


as protective against suicide among Blacks. (Molock, Barnes, & Joe,
2013)

o Social and Emotional siupport


Everyone is accountable to themselves and others
o What we do affects others, family, friends, teachers, our community
o They matter
Drug and Alcohol prevention
OurProposal
AfricanAmericanmalesbetweentheagesof1024haveareputationforbeing
mischievous,troubledandheadedforprisonortothegrave.However,theseyoungmenwhoare
presentedwithalternativestothechangesintheirpersonallives,school,andenvironmentcan
overcometheirsuicidalideations.Thesemalesareatrisk.Thelifetimeprevalenceofsuicidal
ideationandsuicideattemptsofBlackshasbeenplacedat11.82%and4.15%,respectively.
(Molock, Barnes, & Joe, 2013)
Statistics/Rational

Figure 1 (SPRC, 2013)

Suicide Prevention

Black youths are affected at a higher rate than Black adults. Since the Black community in the
United States is disproportionately young, the number of deaths among youth may have a
particularly strong impact on the Black community. (Molock, Barnes, & Joe, 2013)
Black highschool students report lower rates of certain suicidal behaviors, except for attemps
than the general population of U.S. high school students. (CDC, 2011)
Figure 2 (SPRC, 2013)

Execution Strategy
Our execution strategy incorporates proven methodologies, employing personnel, and a
highly responsive approach to managing preventative suicide measures. Our intention is to
provide the Community with Suicide Preventative Measures. This will be an on-going endeavor,
for as long as this program is needed, we will reassess in 5 years.

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We will hold individuals at risk accountable. We will obtain a written contract from the
individual and the assigned employee, which will be confidential. The contract will be a signed
promise by the individual that he or she will not commit suicide, and agrees to various actions,
such as notifying their clinician, family, friends, or emergency personnel, should thoughts of
committing suicide again arise. This contract may also include coping strategies that the individual
agrees to engage in to reduce distress. If the individual states that they are not able comply it may
be determined at that time that medical assistance is required and voluntary or involuntary
psychiatric hospitalization may be implemented. Most individuals with thoughts of suicide do not
require hospitalization and respond well to outpatient treatment. Educating family and friends and
seeking their support is an important aspect of suicide intervention. Individual therapy, family
therapy, substance abuse treatment, and/or psychiatric medication may be recommended. YLOH
will partner with psychiatric hospitals, teachers, the community, friends and family and first
responders.
YLOH is pleased to announce that we received a grant for our Suicide Prevention
Program and donations have been pouring in. Below is our current projected budget amounts and
the distribution of funds.
Expenditure
Grant Funds
Salaries
$400,000
Equipment
$120,000
Rent
$53,000
Utilities
$15,000
Transportation
$4,000
Flexible Expenses
$10,000
Total
$494,000
United States Census Bureau. (n.d.).

Summary

Donations
$75,000
$30,000
$20,000
$15,000
$3,000
$8,000
$151,000

Total
$475,00
$150,00
73,000
$30,000
$7,000
$18,000
$645,000

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Suicide is a serious but preventable public health problem that can have lasting harmful
effects on individuals, families, and communities. While its causes are complex the goals of suicide
prevention is simplereduce factors that increase risk and increase factors that promote resilience
or coping. (CDC, 2013)
Your Life, Our Hope has executed all facets that would reduce the risk of those vulnerable
African American males that society, their friends and in some instances their families have given
up as lost causes. We will reengage these individuals, everyone counts in our Community. Our
organization has played an intricate part in the African American community aiding these young
men and instilling in them values and morals, coping skills and resiliency trainings.
The young men that have benefitted from our services have made major strides in
reassessing their previous decisions. All of them in some manner have improved their coping
skills, ability to rationalize and analyze situations to diffuse the problem. The total atmosphere has
changed for the better with positive attitudes and respect for all involved. Some have joined the
peer-to-peer program where they are mentors for young African American males.
Your Life, Our Hope would like to continue serving the community and the young African
American males who need our services. Our belief is that every life counts, you (they) are the
hope for our future, these young men are the future for our African American community!

Suicide Prevention

References
CentersforDiseaseControlandPrevention(2013).Suicide:PreventionStrategies.Retrieved
fromhttp://www.cdc.gov/violenceprevention/suicide/prevention.html
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). (2011). High School Youth Risk Behavior
Survey data. Retrieved from http://apps.ncc.cdc.gov/youthonline
Crosby, A., & Molock, S. (2006, August 1). Suicidal Behaviors in the African American
Community. Retrieved September 28, 2014.
Encyclopedia of Mental Disorders (n.d.). Crisis Intervention Retrieved from
http://www.minddisorders.com/Br-Del/Crisis-intervention.html
From Don Cornelius To Lee Thompson Young: Why Black Men Are Killing Themselves. (n.d.).
Retrieved September 28, 2014.
Hampton. R. (2010). Handbook of African American health (pgs. 445-44744). New York:
Guilford Press.
Shaffer, D. (Ed.). (n.d.). NAMI - The National Alliance on Mental Illness. Retrieved September
28, 2014
Suicide: Facts at a Glance. (2014, August 18). Retrieved September 28, 2014.
United States Census Bureau. (n.d.). Retrieved September 24, 2014. From
http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/00000.html

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