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Causes of World

War 1 The Great


War
1914-1918

Militarism

the development of armed forces and


their use as a tool of diplomacy.

Trench Warfare

Machine Gun

Airplane

Tanks

Gas/Chemicals

U-Boats (submarines)

Alliances

The Allies France, Britain, and Russia

The Central Powers Germany, Austria-Hungary, and


Italy

Alliances provided a sense of security for many


nations

Later these alliances happened to set off a major


conflict.

Nationalism
A

devotion to the interests and culture of ones


nation.

Led

to competitive and antagonistic rivalries


among nations.

Imperialism

For centuries, European nations had been building


empires.

Colonies supplied European powers with raw materials


and markets for goods.

As powers industrialized, competition arose.

Assassination of Archduke Franz


Ferdinand

Heir to the Austrian throne.

Visited Bosnian capital of Sarajevo in June of 1914

Was assassinated by Serbian nationalist Gavrilo Princip (member


of Serbian nationalist group the Black Hand).

On July 28th, Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia (expected to


be a short war).

Instead, alliances between nations caused a domino effect which


pulled many into The Great War.

American & British Propaganda

Stressed German barbarism.

Posters depicting the Kaiser as some sort of


madman.

Urged American to support allies throughout


neutrality.

U.S. Business Interests

US trade w/ the allies increased from 825


million in 1914 to 3.2 billion in 1916.

Blockades

Unrestricted submarine warfare


(U-Boats)

Sinking of the Lusitania (1915)

The "Sussex" pledge (1916) - promised a


change in Germany's naval warfare policy. (no
more unrestricted submarine warfare)

Germany renews unrestricted U Boat


attacks (1917)

Zimmerman Note

Germany asked Mexico to enter the war against the US.

We intercepted the note.

Major factor in pushing U.S. into war.