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Color Part Lecture SciVis 1

1. What is color? Function of light and represents one portion of the electromagnetic
2. What are the two models of color?
1. Light
2. Pigment
3. What are the wave lengths of visible light on the electromagnetic spectrum?
4. What does ROYGBIV stand for?
Red
Orange
Yellow
Green
Blue
Indigo
Violet
LIGHT:
5. What are the primary colors of light (additive)? Red blue and green
6. What are the secondary colors of light? Yellow cyan and magenta
7. What do you get when you mix the three primary colors of light together? White
8. Label the following color model for the correct additive colors (light).
Red

White

Yellow
Green

Magenta

Cya
Blue

9. Other light colors can be created by: unequal mixtures of light


10. What devices use the light (additive) color process? Printers, books, papers,
posters, etc
PIGMENT:
11. How is color created from pigments? By subtracting the color from its original
set/ absorbing ine or more parts of light

12. Why do we a yellow banana? Red and green pigments are reflected on it
13. What are the primary colors of pigment (subtractive)? Magenta, yellow and cyan
14. What are the secondary colors of pigment (subtractive)? Red, blue, and green
15. What do we get when we mix the primary colors of pigment? black
16. What devices use the subtractive colors to reproduce color? printers
17. Label the following color model with the correct colors for Pigment.

Red

White

Yellow
Green

Magenta

Cya
Blue

Model
Light

Primary
colors
Red, blue,
and green

Pigment Magenta,
yellow and
cyan

Secondary
colors
Magenta,
yellow and
cyan
Red, blue,
and green

Color when
all mixed
White

Other name

black

Subtractive

Additive

HSV:
1. What does HSV stand for? Hue, saturation and value
2. Define hue. Determined by the dominant wavelength
3. Define saturation refers to the dominance of hue in the color
4. Define value. How light/dark a color is

Used in what
devices
Computer
monitors
Printers

5. Draw the HSV model for color.

6. Make a slice of the HSV model in paint.

7. Do the HSV number activity in paint.


RGB:
8. What does RGB stand for? Red, blue, and green
9. Why are colors in the RGB model brighter? Uses transmitted light
10. What is 24-bit color? 256 variations for each of the additive colors of red, blue
and green
11. What are the RGB call values for the following primary and secondary colors:
Red
Blue
Green
White

R= 255
R= 255
R=
255
R= 255

G= 0
B= 0
G= 0
B= 0
G= 0
B= 0
G= 255 B= 255

Cyan
Magenta
Yellow
Black

R= 0
R= 255
R= 255
R= 0

G=255
G= 0
G= 255
G= 0

12. Do the Clemson, UNC activity.


CMYK:
13. What does CMYK stand for? Cyan, magenta, yellow and black

B= 255
B= 255
B= 255
B= 0

14. Why do we add the color black (K) to printer cartridges? Cyan magenta and
yellow creates a muddy ink color black is added to compensate for these
impurities
31. Why are the colors in CMYK muted? Demonstrates the limitation of printing inks
and the nature of reflected lights
32. Which color model should you use when you are creating a document to be
printed? Why? CMYK b/c its used for printing and is presented in colors percentages
33. Which color model should you use when you are creating documents to be
published on the internet or used in a power point project? Why? RGB b/c it
transmits light
34. Can you convert documents back to RGB once you have converted it to CMYK?
No
35. What are complementary colors? Two colors that are added and while their sum is
white
36. What is a color gamut? One use is to specify ranges of colors that can be made by
a particular light source
37. Do the Map activities.
38. Do the NC population activity.
37. How do the following colors affect emotion?
Red danger stop hot
Dk Blue stable calming trustworthy
Light Blue youthful
Cool Green growth positive comforting
White pure clean honest
Black Death serious
Gray cool mature neutral
Brown organic wholesome
Yellow emotional caution
Gold stable elegant
Orange positive emotional
Purple royal youthful
Pink feminine warm sensitive

Pastels soft sensitive youthful


Metallic elegant lasting wealthy
38. What are three hints to remember when using color?
1. Colors change in appearance as the ambient light level changes
2. Avoid red and green in the periphery of large displays
3. Avoid the simultaneous display of highly saturated, spectrally extreme colors

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