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Pesesh-kef di Osorkon - Nebkara

Pesesh-kef di Osorkon - Nebkara UPDATE (8/2006): A new attestation of Nebkara's name is found on

UPDATE (8/2006): A new attestation of Nebkara's name is found on an object which has been recently, kindly shown me in photo by the owner, Mr. David Hafer. It is a polished stone implement shaped as a pesesh-kef knife (29,5cm tot. length), with a vertical inscription (16cm) which runs: "The lord of the gods of the Two Lands (Wa-s-r-k-n) has made as a monument to his (fore)father, (Neb-Ka-Ra), true of voice". Both the cartouches have a flat oval base with vertical strokes inside (Nebkara's one is indeed halfway between a cartouche and a serekh); the name of the dedicating king should be one of the 22-23 dynasty kings "Osorkon", although it is written with the s instead of the Za sign.

I can't tell if this object/inscription is genuine (i.e. of Late Period) or instead a forgery (eventually based on another piece's inscription). In any case we have a further attestation of Nebkara's name, nearly two millennia after the supposed age of Nebkara's reign. This king, little more than a name to us, seems to have been a well known figure in antiquity, and in some instance it appears to have been regarded as a mythical ancestor or nonetheless as a ruler worthy of honors and praise by his distant successors (same case as for Menes?). I wonder about the original reason for such a glory and fame.

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NOTE: I have been informed of similar PsS-Kf with cartouche names of Middle Kingdom pharaohs, Sesostri and Nebhepetra (Monthuhotep II). Thus the piece in object might be a later copy of MK originals (this would explain the epigraphic variations) and the names of Osorkon and Nebkara should be substituted with Senusert and Nebhepetra

1 File name: NebKaRa.doc