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# Developments

## Previous Knowledge From

Developments
Point View method
Cube

Cylinder Development

Cylinder Development

Cone Development

Cone Development

Pyramid Development

Rebattment Method

UE
TR
TH
NG
LE

UE
TR

REBATTMENT

H
GT
N
LE

## Draw the development of a

Truncated pentagonal prism
given its plan and elevation

REBATTMENT
REBATTMENT

DUCTING

What is Ducting?

Air Ducts

Agriculture

Construction

Automotive

Pipework

70

60

25

45

50

40

ELEVATION

PLAN

## A rectangular section duct is to

intersect a square duct at an
angle of 45 degrees as shown in
the figure. Find the surface
development of each ducting
piece.

Equal Diameter

## The elevation of a double elbow

joint for a circular duct is shown.
Develop the surface of the
section marked A.

30

40

60

Development of A

10

11

12
7
1

6
6
4

10

11
12

## The diagram shows a Y joint

between three 50mm diameter
pipes. Develop the surface of
the section marked A

A
45

50

45

50

3
4
5
6

A
7

1
2
3
4
5

D
ev
el
op
m

6
7

en
to
fA

6
5
4
3
2
1

## A pipe P intersects a larger pipe

at right angles. Draw the given
end view and complete the front
elevation. Develop the surface
of the pipe P.

## A circular duct pipe intersects a square

duct pipe as shown.
i.
Draw a front elevation and end
view showing the line of
intersection.
ii. Develop the surface of the
cylindrical duct.
iii. Show the true shape of the hole to
be cut in the square duct.

50

20

40

## The diagram shows the end view of a

T-junction joining a 40mm diameter
pipe and a 50mm diameter pipe. One
side of the smaller pipe is tangential to
the larger pipe as shown.
(i) Draw the given view and find the
front elevation showing the line of
intersection.
(ii) Develop the surface of the 40mm
diameter pipe.
(iii) Develop enough of the 50mm
diameter pipe to show the true
shape of the hole to be cut in it.

6,2

7,1

8,12

5,3

3,11
2,12

9,11
10

4,10

5,9
6,8
7

10 11 12 1

a
b
c
d
e
f
g

## Partial development showing

the true shape of the hole to
be cut in in the larger cylinder

225

250

100

30

## The diagram shows the plan and

elevation of two intersecting air
conditioning ducts. The ducts
intersect at an oblique angle
(I)Draw the plan and elevation of
the ducting. Showing the line
of intersection.
(II) Project an end elevation.
(III) Develop the oblique duct and
show the true shape of the
hole.

1,11

2,10
3,9

4,8

5,7
6

End Elevation

Front Elevation

a b

10,8
f

11,7

e
d

0,6

c
1,5

b
a
3

Partial
development of
250mm duct
showing true
shape of hole

2,4

Plan

40mm
Square

## The plan and incomplete elevation of

two ducts are shown. One duct is
circular in cross section, while the
other is square in cross section.
i.

## Find the line of intersection

between the two ducts and project
an end view.
ii. Develop the surface of the square
duct

Transition Pieces

Triangulation Method
Used to develop transition pieces
Divides surfaces into a number of triangles
These triangles are used to build up the

development

100

22

15

59

22

15

75

15

## To determine the development of the

funnel piece between two rectangular
ducting pieces.

35

30

35

35

25

15

100

## Given the plan and elevation of a sheet,

metal hopper. Find the complete
development of the surfaces.

25

25

50

4,3

1, 2

True Lengths

True Lengths

5, 6

8, 7

2
7
8

6
5
1

6
5
8
4

100

15

75

15

## To determine the development of

a funnel piece between two
rectangular ducting pieces

22

15

59

22

Elevation

35

30

Plan

35

2, 7

5, 6

1, 2

4, 3

3
4

2
1

8
8

## Given the plan and elevation of a

sheet, metal hopper. Find the
complete development of the
surfaces using the Rebattment
method

80

40

60

## To develop the surface of the transition

piece connecting two circular pipes.

8
0
7
6

Partial
Development
3
2
0

Elevation
8

10
11

7
6

0
1

5
4

Plan

5
4

16

80

40

50

## To develop the surface of the transition

piece connecting two circular pipes
whose axes are not aligned.

26

60

45

20

60

30

10

Elevation

Plan
60

## To develop the surface of the transition

piece connecting ducting of square
section and rectangular section

5, 6
8, 7
4

3
1, 2

4, 3
7,
3

Elevation

8,
4

5,
4

8,6,5,
3 21

7, 6,
2 1

True lengths
7

3
6

1
3

Plan

Development
4

## To Develop the Transition piece connecting

a square duct and a rectangular duct.
1. Draw the given plan and elevation.
2. Divide the surface into triangles.
3. Index the corners.
4. Find the true lengths of all the edges of
these triangles
5. Complete the development in the usual
way.

Rectilinear

60
70

0
6

120

## To find the development of the transition

piece connecting a circular pipe and a
rectangular pipe on the same axis.

70
70
6

110

## The diagram shows a transition

piece joining a square duct to a
circular duct. The ducts lie on
different axes. Make a development
of the transition piece.

43

10 12
119108

12 11 10

Le
ng
th
s

4 74 56 2,3

Tr
u

3
6

2
7

A,D

C
7

6
5

1 10 9
1

8
9

10

3
2

1
2

B,C

11
1

12

## Shown is a transition piece

joining a square duct to a circular
duct. The ducts lie in different
axes. Make a development of the
transition piece.

20

70

45

20

20
80

70

40

45

100

## The drawing shows a transition

piece connecting two cylindrical
pipes of different diameters and on
different axes. Find a half
development of this transition piece.

1
2
1

3
2

4
6

True Lengths

Heights

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

5 6 7

76
7 6

2
21

## Lengths of elements in the

plan
set out from the vertical
1

1
2

7
1
2
2

7
6
3

5
3

7
4
5

3
4

Half Development

6
7

## The diagram shows a square duct

intersecting with an oblique cylindrical
section of ductwork.
(i) Draw the given views and project
a plan.
(ii) Show the line of intersection in all
views.
(iii) Develop the surface of the square
ducting section A.
(iv) Develop the surface of the
oblique cylindrical duct.

10

20

80

55
10

60

Development of
oblique cylinder

Development of
duct section A

References
Graphics in design and communication 2 by
David Anderson
www.t4.ie