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Mini project

on
dual dc power supply

With hard efforts from:


Vineet Nayan Barun Kr. Jha
Shiv Kundan Kumar Saurav
INTRODUCTION :
 This mini project is about designing a dc
power supply which instead of supplying
a voltage with respect to ground would
supply two different voltages , one
positive and other negative at its two
output pins and when required zero at
the third pin .
 for ex :- if we want to supply + 15v & - 15v
to a operational amplifier we would
need a dc power supply which would
provide these two voltages outputs at
its two terminals .
 This project basically consist of four
stages viz :
 Transformer
 Rectifier
BLOCK DIAGRAM

TRANSFORM
-ER

RECTIFIER

FILTER

REGULATOR
CIRCUIT DIAGRAM
DETAILED THEORY & WORKING
 Some electronic circuits require a power
supply with positive and negative
output as well as zero volts . This is
called a “ dual supply ” because it is
like two ordinary supplies connected as
shown:




 Dual supplies have three outputs , for
example a ± 9V supply has + 9V , 0V , - 9V
outputs
Stage I : Transformer only
 We have used a 18 - 0 - 18v transformer so
that we can get a maximum o / p voltage
of 18V.
Stage I : Transformer only(cont.)
 The practical circuit & the output
obtained on the CRO

Stage II : Transformer +rectifier
Stage II : Transformer +rectifier(cont)
Stage III : Transformer +rectifier+filter
Stage III : Transformer+rectifier+filter(cont.)
Stage iv:regulation
 Till Now - Unregulated Power Supply -
> Transformer Rectifier & Filter
 This type of power supply is not
good :
 Poor Regulation ( Output
current varies with load )
DC output voltage varies with
AC input
DC output voltage varies with
temperature
 These are overcome with

feedback control circuit


Stage iv:regulation(cont.)
 The feedback circuit to overcome
the shortcomings
Stage iv:regulation(cont.)
 Types of Regulator ICs(all are 3
pin)
 Fixed positive & negative

Adjustable positive &


negative
 Here in our project we have
used the adjustable voltage
regulators.
 The ICs used are LM317 and
Stage iv:regulation(cont.)


Stage iv:regulation(cont.)
 Fixedvoltage regulated dual
supply:
 An LM78XX or LM79XX can be used


 Three terminals-input, output and


ground

Stage iv:regulation(cont.)
A no. of three terminal adjustable
regulators are available.
 We have used LM317 and LM337
 LM317
 1.5A current output
 Voltage range—1.2V-37V

 LM337
 1.5A current output
 Voltage range— -1.2V- -37V


Stage iv:regulation(cont.)
 The basic connections of the
positive regulator IC.


 Diode-ensures that it turns on under operating
conditions.
 Capacitor used to improve the transient
response of the circuit.
 Vo=1.25(1+R2/R1)
Stage iv:regulation(cont.)
 The basic connections of the
negative regulator IC.





 -Vo=-1.25(1+R2/R1)


Stage iv:regulation(cont.)