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CONCEPT MAP FOR THE UNIT

Substitution

Cracking

Hydrogenation

Saturated
Purified
Gas

Chloro- alkane

ALKANES

Hydro carbon

CRUDE OIL

Carbon dioxide
and water

ALKENES
Addition of
bromine

Naphtha

Decolourises
bromine

Polymerization

Petrol

Combustion
ALCOHOLS
Esterification
Oxidation

CAROXYLIC ACID
Paraffin
oil

Diesel oil

Lubricating
oil

Bitum
en

POLYMERS

many small molecules


are added

Addition
polymers

two monomers
react together

Condensation
polymers

Made from small


molecules

Natural
polymers

ESTERS