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Phillip Wittke !

PHYS 1010!
April 20, 2015!

Chapter 31: !

Light Quanta!

For our presentation, Christian Burgess, Isaih Rivas, and I (Phillip Wittke),
decided to perform the Double-Slit experiment in order to illustrate electron diffraction.
This experiment can show that electrons travel in waves by physically displaying the interference patterns that are created by the waves of electrons that make up a laser light.
Under special observation techniques, this experiment can also show that light is made
up of individual finite particles that travel in waves, by recording individual electrons as
they reach a medium. (Hewitt, 588)!
To preform this experiment all you need is a laser pointer (any small, inexpensive
laser will do), and three pieces of thin mechanical pencil lead. When my group began
the experiment, we all tried it out individually with different techniques and could not get
it to work. I first tried by attaching a small tube to the end of my laser with electrical tape
over the end, close to the lens of the laser, with the double-slit cut into the tape. Unfortunately this did not provide the results that we were looking for. When we collaborated,
we attempted several different variations of the width of the slits with the pencil lead and
the distance of the laser to the slits and the distance from the slits to the background
where we were projecting the light. After several tries, we found that there must be a
small amount of distance from the laser source to the pencil lead, while the laser still fits
within the width of the outer pieces of the double-slit, and a larger distance from the
double-slit to the background where we projected it, (in this case a white board). !
We concluded that we must give a little bit of distance in order for the waves to
interfere enough, to create the noticeable interference pattern, characterized by the
laser creating multiple strips of brighter and dimmer lines of light in a clear pattern, instead of creating just two strips of light. !
The idea for us to perform this experiment came from several sources. The original experiment was created physicist Thomas Young (Hewitt, 588). The next and most
obvious source being our text book, Conceptual Physics Twelfth Edition, by Paul Hewitt.
The idea for using pencil lead came from the Youtube video Double Slit Experiment
with Just a Laser and Three Pieces of Pencil Lead. Overall, I believe this experiment
was successful. !



Works Cited:!

Hewitt, Paul. Conceptual Physics: Twelfth Edition. Pearson Education. (2013). !

Text. 584-590 04/15/2015!

Double Slit Experiment with Just a Laser and Three Pieces of Pencil Lead. !