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SURGE VESSEL 12.15.1 EXAMPLE ON PRELIMINARY CALCULATION ON SIZING OF Consider a pumping station with the following parameters:- Capacity 179,440 igph 13.6 m/min Thus Q 0.2268 m/s Delivery main = 700mm dia, mild steel cement lined Internal diameter of pipe,D = 0.7m ‘Thickness of pipe inclusive of cement lining,t = 0.0254 m Length of pipe,L = —18700m Statichead,h = 465m © Total pumping head, H= 616m Velocity of flowy = Q/A = 0.2268 /(3.14x 0.35) = 0590ms Surge wave velocity,a= 1433 /(1 + kx) ¥ [mys] Wherek= Modulus of elasticity of water (Ex) Modulus of elasticity of pipe material (E) : aa ‘Thickness of pipe (®) Take Be= 2100x 10°N/n? E= 210x 10° N/m? (Steel pipe) Hencea= 1433 /(1+0.01 x 27.56) 2 = 1269 m/s Critical time of conduit = 2L/a = 2x 18700/1269s = 29.47 seconds = 12/41 - O Surge head variation = tavg £1269 x 0.59/9.81 £76.32m 4 Total surge in pipeline = tav/g+H 76.32 + 61.6 4 137.92. ‘The negative surge ~ 76.32 + 61.6 14.72m The total vacuum condition will exist throughout the length of the column and collapse is probable. Therefore surge suppression equipment is necessary. Calculation of column stopping distance Deceleration due to gravity, f = gH/L Assuming maximum suppression, i. limiting the surge to the TDH of 61.6 m and suppressing itdown 465m, ~ ‘Then the mean head, (deceleration due to gravity) during the suppression period. Meanhead = (H-h)/2 (61.6 - 46.52 755m ‘Therefore, f (9.81 x7.55) / 18700 : = 0,00396 mj/sect 2FS From equation of motion v* S = 0.5972x 0.00396 = 43,95m Hence volume of water required to fill cavity left by the column travelling this distance. Volume = Allowing 10.37 m head of water, Distance x Area 43.95 x 3.14 x DY/4 43.96 x 3.14 x 0.7/4 16.91 m ing the minimum permissible pressure duting surge to fall at atmospheric pressure of ‘The vessel capacity can be calculated by PrVi = P2 Ve, withP: = 61.6+10.37 = 7197m P= 10.37+10.37 = 20.74m | 5 ‘Vi = Required volume of compressed air Ve = (Vi+1691) mi? ‘Therefore, Vi = — 20.74 (Vi +16.91)/71.97 Thus Vi = 6.846m? Therefore Total Volume of Vessel = 16.91 + 6.846 ms = 23.756 m Allow for 10% margin, Therefore volume of vessel = 23.756 x 141 O = 26.13 m : Design pressure= 616m Volume of airrequired= Vi = 6.846 m? | Assume the volume of ai required becomes 7.0 ni (allowing for some leakage) and charging time in 30 minutes. ‘Thus capacity of air compressor = 7/30 = 0.233 m*/minute at 61.6 m working Pressure = 12/43 - i a Reo eRe