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Communicable Disease 2
Descriptive Information
Skill Emphasis (NHES):
NHES 1: Students will comprehend concepts related to health promotion and
disease prevention to enhance health.
NHES 7: Students will demonstrate the ability to practice health-enhancing
behaviors and avoid or reduce health risks.
Grade Level: 9
Content Area of Health: Personal and Community Health
Content Descriptor & Sub-Descriptor(s):

Title of Lesson:


PA Standard (Health & PE):

PA 10.1.9A: A. Evaluate factors that impact growth
and development during adulthood
and late adulthood.
acute and chronic illness
communicable and noncommunicable

Curricular Connections:
Adolescent Risk Behavior (if applicable):

Behavioral Objective(s)
Cognitive: The student will understand the difference between direct and
indirect transmission by answering questions correctly about presented
situations of disease transmission.
Cognitive: The student will understand how easily disease can be
transmitted by answering questions correctly about contaminated objects.
Affective: The student will show respect for their peers during the learning
activity by signing neatly on their cards.

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Skill-Based: The student will demonstrate the ability to practice health
disease prevention and avoid or reduce risk of transmission by washing
hands and avoid contact with infected people.
Brief Outline of Todays Lesson

Intro review of types of pathogens from Commun. 1

Bell Ringer
Content for the day transmission
Learning Activity Transmission Chain

Expanded Outline of Todays Lesson

1.Introduction to the Lesson (Set Induction):
My favorite park is Hershey and every time I go and come back, within a
week, I catch a cold. Has anyone ever gotten sick after they went to an
amusement park? Why do you think it is so easy to get sick in places like
2.Bell Ringer (Instant Activity):
Review from day before: List the 5 types of pathogens and give a specific
example of each.
3.Content & Instructional Strategies:
*Use Outline Format for Content
The Safe Sneeze by Mythbusters
How Germs Spread by The Drs. Show
Essential Question
How are communicable diseases transmitted?
Direct Contact
direct contact with an infected object
touching, biting, kissing, sexual contact, sneezing,
coughing in mucous membranes
Indirect Contact

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contaminated objects such as a coffee table may be

sneezed on an you touch the table and then touch your
eyes, nose, or mouth
vectors an organism such as a tick that carries and
transmits pathogens through injection
water and food if handled carelessly can become
contaminated and cause food poisoning
Airborne Transmission
a sneeze or a cough may float through the air for a long
time, travel long distances, and you may become infected
just by breathing the air
Strategies for preventing communicable diseases
washing hands
handling food properly
eat healthy
avoid ATOD
avoid sharing items such as utensils, brushes, etc.
prepare and store food safely
avoid contact with ill individuals
practice abstinence
manage your stress
Essential Question
How are communicable diseases transmitted?

4. In-Class Learning Activity(ies):

Transmission Chain
Each student in class is given a 3X5 note card. On one of the note
cards is a small red dot placed in a corner.
The activity starts after the teacher hands out the cards and explains
that each student must get four other students to sign their names on
his or her card. The students put a "1" by the first person to sign, a "2"
by the second person to sign, a "3" by the third person to sign, and a
"4" by the fourth person to sign.
After each student has four signatures, ask everyone to sit down.
The instructor now tells the students to look for a red dot on their 3X5
cards. Ask that person to tell you the name of the first person who
signed his or her card. Write that person's name on the board with a

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line connecting to the name of the person with the red dot. Do this with
all four people on the individual's 3X5 card.
Next, ask the first person who signed the red dotted card to tell the
name of the person who was the 2nd person on his or her card. Write
down that person's name and connect the names with a line. Continue
connecting lines and names until all possible connections to the red
dot have been made.
At the end the board looks like a spider web with many names
connecting to different lines. This provides a transmission chain that
students can visually see and understand how easily disease is spread
amongst a population.
5. In-Class Learning Activity Assessment-Description & Criteria
Students accumulate 4 names of classmates
Students analyze transmission chain with help of instructor
6. Final Thoughts/Conclusion to the Lesson
Today we looked at how easy it is to spread disease. Who can tell me one
way disease can be spread? Why is disease so easily spread? Great job
today. Tomorrow, we will be looking at the specific immune system responses
and how those help prevent and fight off infection.
7. Classroom Management & Materials
Classroom Materials
o Handouts/Worksheets: guided notes, notecards
o Other Materials: powerpoints, youtube videos
Classroom Management
o For Content Delivery: lecture
o For In-Class Learning Activity: move about the room.
Content References
Mike Minarchick
Activity Reference(s)

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