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Vilma Sampson

February 26, 2014

Part A: Image File Formats


Photoshop CS6- How to change the file name from one option to another?
You have many options to save one single photo. Once
you have completed editing your photo, its time to select
what file type you will save it under. This decision can and
will limit the quality and options of your photo. To
determine what file type you will be using, first you should
determine whats the purpose of your photo? Answering
some basic questions will help you determined whether to
save your photos in BMP, TIFF, JPEG, GIF, and PNG.
o Do you want to preserve any editing you have done?
o Would you be sharing your photo using social media?
o Would you be printing your photo?

Original File; File Name: Frozen Rose; File


Type: JPG File; Size: 5.05M

Understand File Type


Before saving your photo or file, it is important to understand what your file type options are. One of the reasons for
having different file type is due to the amount of color they contain. The more the color the better the quality;
however, the more color, the larger the file size. Also, file types has compression and lossless compression.
Compression is referred to cutting the size of a file to achieve a smaller size. Lossless format does not disregard
information.
o JPG (Joint Photographic Experts Group): Compressed file, good for photographs, good for sharing image on
the web, most common type, used for print and the web.
o BMP: Stander format
o GIF (Graphics Interchange Format): Lossless format, Very small file size, greater pixelation, 8-bit color
images, used for graphics and small animations , not commend for photos
o PNG (Portable Network Graphics): Lossless format, support 25-bit images, good for the web, creates
smaller file size, share on the web
o TIFF (targeted file format): Lossless format, highest quality, excellent for print, extremely large file size,
cannot display on the web in this format
Table 1 demonstrates the file name, file size, change in % from the original file, notes of pixelation when zooming in
700 time.

Table 1

FILE TYPE

FILE SIZE

% CHANGE FROM

NOTES OUT

JPG (original)

5.05 MB

ORIGINAL

PIXELATION

NA

The pixelation looks


about the same
compering them to
BMP, PNG, and
TIFFF

BMP

51.2 MB

90% increase

The pixelation looks


about the same
compering them to
JPG, PNG, and TIFFF

GIF

5.85 MB

14% increase

Greater pixelation
loses details

PNG

16.0 MB

68% increase

The pixelation looks


about the same
compering them to
BMP, JPG, and TIFFF

TIFF

51.2 MB

90% increase

The pixelation looks


about the same
compering them to
BMP, PNG, and JPG

PIXELATION AT 700X

Option 1: Save As
Photoshop allows you to save your photo in different formats. To save your photo click on file>save as>select the
format click on save. Make sure that to store your image in the folder you want. Saving your file while you are
working on it is a good idea due to unexpected circumstances.
Click on File

Click on Save As

Navigate to the folder you


would like to store your
image

Enter your file name

Click on the drop-down list


and select a file format

Option 2: Save for Web


By selecting the option Save for Web, Photoshop will provide you with the file types that are web-ready-images. As
stated on Save for the Web, Save for web is good for making JPEGs or GIFs at 72 ppi, the standard image formats for
webpages, and is good for emailing images.

Click on Save for Web

Photoshop give you


the web-ready-image
options

This window can be


used as a what-if
analysis. By changing
the file type you will
see a change on
image size, quality,
number of colors,
and size download
time.

The file size will change


as you change your file

Overall, if you know the purpose for your photo, this will help you determine the format to save it. If you are planning a
retouch your image, it would be best to save it in TIFF. Your end product should be saved as jpeg for archive due to the
size. Also, it is important to backup all your work.

Part B: Editing Digital Images & Applying a Creative Manipulation


How to resize an image using Photoshop

Here is an image I took during the winter storm on


February 12, 2014. The name of the image is
Frozen Leaf; the original file size of the image is
51.3 M. I had to resize this image file size so it does
not take too much space. You can see the result on
the right. Note: resizing an image using a graphic
application is different from using the resizing tool
in MS Word. If you use MS Word, the file size is
not reduced but just the image. If you were to share
your image on the web, resizing your file will allow
your viewers to upload your image faster.
Understanding Pixels
Digital images are made of pixels which simply means little square-shape dots. The more the pixels in an image the better
the quality of the image you will have. This is the reason why you may want to use a high resolution when printing an
image. Understanding the file size of your image will help you make a comparison between the original and the resize
file.

Digital image at Actual Size

Digital image zoomed in 700x

The Pixel
Dimensions controls
the physical
dimensions of a
photo.

Take a moment to review the Pixel Dimensions on the image above. On the image above, the current file size is 51.3M
with 5182 dots wide and 3456 dots high by 72 inches wide and 48 inches high. Wow, that is a very large file. Imagine an
image that is 6 feet wide and 4 feet high. So, unless I alter the pixel dimensions in my image through an editing program
or crop my image, my image will always be that size. Microsoft Words is not a graphic editing program, so if you decide
to just crop your image, your image size will still be the same. As a result, if you were to send your image via email or use
it for the web, since the size is large, your viewer will have to wait sometime to view your image.
Changing the size of the file
Option 1
1. Go to the Image menu, choose Image Size.
2. Under Pixel Dimension, change the document size Width and Height as needed to resize for the web page.
3. Set the Resolution to 72 dpi. Click the OK button.
Double-click inside
the box and make
your changes

Option 2
1. Go to the Image menu, choose Image Size.
2. Under pixel Dimension, click on the drop-down arrow change pixels to present, change the percentage width or
high as needed

Click on the dropdown arrow and


change from pixels
to percent

It is important to understand and consider resizing your image in a proper manner when using it on the web or sending it
via email. By taking caution of your file size you are also considering your viewers accessibility on the time it requires
to open the file and you are saving space on their server. That is simply because the larger the image, the longer it will
take your viewer to view your image. So by decreasing the size of your image, you are considering the time of your
viewer.
A DEMONSTRATION OF DIFFERENT IMAGE MANIPULATIONS
Now that we understand file type and file size, we will learn some basic types of manipulations.

What is it
Image rotation: allows you to rotate
or flip an entire image
180 - rotates the image by a halfturn
90 CW- rotates the image
clockwise by a quarter-turn
90 CCW-rotates the image
counterclockwise by a quarter-turn
Arbitrary-rotates the image by the
angle you specify

How to do it
From the option bar>image> go to image
rotation > arbitrary > enter the angle you
would like to rotate your image

Cropping is the process of


removing portions of an image to
create focus or strengthen the
composition.

Using the Crop Tool


.> drag the corner
and edge handles to specify the crop
boundaries in your image>click on the
check area to complete the crop

Color Adjustment
The Hue/Saturation command
adjusts the hue (color), saturation
(purity), and lightness of the entire
image or of individual color
components in an image.

From the Menu Bar


Select>Adjustments>Hue/Saturation

Gray Scale use tints of black to


represent an image. It has a
brightness value ranging from 0%
(white) to 100% (black).

From the Menu Bar Select image>


Adjustments>Black & White
or
From the Menu Bar select
image>Mode>Grayscale

Sharpness enhances the definition


of edges in an image

From filter>Shapren>Smart
Sharpen>unselect preview>adjust you
amount % and the Radius px for your image

Outcome

Darken the Background


Changing the color of the
background

From menu Bar>Select>Invert>

Reflection
I enjoyed completing this assignment. At first, I was spending quite some time trying to determine why the
pixelation on different file types werent the same. After zooming in and out, and researching more about
pixelation, I came to realized that the pixelation of an image will stay the same unless I resize the file using a
graphic application. I understood that the file size and the file type are two different functions that will affect
the quality and delivery of an image. For example, GIF file type has a very small file size, but greater
pixelation. JEP and PNG are very similar in pixelation but very different in file size. This assignment made me
realized that understanding photograph is like learning a new language. It is the scientific aspect of the details
of photography and understanding the graphic application that can be a bit overwhelming but at the same time
exciting. The skills that I gained in this assignment are very valuable for my personal and professional use.
This assignment has allowed me to increase my artistic abilities and confident with photography. I hope that by
the end of this course, I would have the ability to conduct photography training for my colleagues.

References
Long, B. (2013). Complete digital photography (7th ed.). Boston: Course Technology.
10 Must Know Image Optimization Tips. Retrieved from: http://www.shopify.com/blog/7412852-10-mustknow-image-optimization-tips#axzz2uItGqmHA
Understanding DPI and Pixel Dimensions. Retrieved from:
https://www.iprintfromhome.com/mso/UnderstandingDPI.pdf
How to Rotate an Image in Photoshop. Retrieved from: http://www.wikihow.com/Rotate-an-Image-inPhotoshop
Crop and straighten photos | CC, CS6. Retrieved from:
http://helpx.adobe.com/photoshop/using/crop-straighten-photos.html
http://helpx.adobe.com/photoshop/using/adjusting-crop-rotation-canvas.html
About Colors. Retrieved from:
http://help.adobe.com/en_US/illustrator/cs/using/WS714a382cdf7d304e7e07d0100196cbc5f6295a.html#WS714a382cdf7d304e7e07d0100196cbc5f-6291a
Adjusting image sharpness and blur. Retrieved from: http://helpx.adobe.com/photoshop/using/adjusting-imagesharpness-blur.html
Adjusting color, saturation, and hue. http://helpx.adobe.com/photoshop-elements/using/adjusting-colorsaturation-hue-vibrance.html
What is the Best File Format to Save Your Photos In? PSD * TIFF * JPEG * GIF * PNG. Retrieved from
http://digital-photography-school.com/what-is-the-best-file-format-to-save-your-photos-in-psd-tiff-jpeggif%C2%A0-png
Digital Image File Types Explained. Retrieved from
http://users.wfu.edu/matthews/misc/graphics/formats/formats.html
Saving for the Web. Retrieved from http://www.myjanee.com/tuts/save/saveweb.htm

Photoshop Elements/Saving and exporting images. Retrieved form:


http://help.adobe.com/en_US/photoshopelements/using/WS287f927bd30d4b1f89cffc612e28adab657fda.html#WS287f927bd30d4b1f89cffc612e28adab65-7fd7