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The Early Renaissance

Big Ideas

Reawakening
Humanism (Secularism, Classicism, Order)
Capitalism
Northern and Southern Divide
Oil Painting
Printmaking/Movable Type
Intellectualism
Linear Perspective

The art of not Italy


Flanders, Holland, Germany, France, and
the Iberian Peninsula
International Gothic Style: Naturalistic
details, elongated delicate forms,
perspective, emphasis on drapery, foliage
and setting
Gothic style maintained in architecture

Painting in the North


Realism, Altarpieces (with wings), opened
walls, high ground lines, tilt, symbolism

Artists to note:
Limbourg Brothers*
Robert Campin*
Jan Van Eyck*
Rogier van der
Weyden
Hugo van der Goes
Hieronymus Bosch*

Martin Schongauer
Claus Slueter*

Limbourg Brothers
Book of Hours February:
International Gothic
Illuminated prayer by
calendar
Naturalism, Class,
Classicism (Apollo,
Astrology)

Limbourg Brothers
Useful for:
Religious Objects
Class in Art

Robert Campin (Master of Flemalle)


Merode
Altarpiece:
Patrons,
Annunciation,
Symbolism
(Towel and Water, Flowers and Bud, Mary Seated, Fireplace, Candlestick)
Humanized, Detail, High Ground Line, A Little Off

Robert Campin (Master of Flemalle)


Useful For:
Religious Objects
Symbolism
Patronage
Domestic Spaces

Jan Van Eyck Arnolfini Wedding:


Wedding Portrait (maybe)
Symbolism- Burning Candle,
Shoes Off, Dog, Pulled Up
Dress, Wife Further Into the
Home
Witnesses in Mirror
Handling of Paint and Detail

Jan Van Eyck Use For:


Secular Art
Women in Art
Symbolism

Hieronymus Bosch: Garden of Earthly Delights

Left Panel-Ideal World


and Garden
Middle Panel-Sin
Left Panel-Hell
Symbolizes Four
Stages of
Alchemy/Sexual
Temptation
Figures are light and
nonsubstantial, lacking

individuality and will, having


no minds of their own
High Horizon Line, Fantastic
Beasts
Use For:
Religious Art
Human Body
Groundbreaking

Sluter: Well of Moses


Fountain With Cross
Six Old Test. Figures
Water=Blood o Christ
Drapery=Heavy/Solid
Rounded Solid Volumes
Moses With Writings and Horns
Realism and Detail
Use for: Religious Art, Human
Form

Art of Italy
Humanism, Symmetry, Balance, City States,
Linear Perspective, Engineering, Wealthy
Families, Religion, Classicalism, Nudity,
Mythology

Artists:
Brunelleschi*
Alberti
Michaelezzo
Fabriano
Masaccio*
Uccello
Fra Angelico
Verrocchio

Castagno
Signorelli
Ghiberti
Banco
Donatello*
Robbia
Pollaiuolo

Brunelleschi:

Good if Used for


Technology or Sacred
Spaces

The Double Dome of


Florence Cathedral
Raised on Drum
Built without centering
Light Exterior, Heavy
Interior, Lantern as
Anchor, Seen from
inside

Alberti

Connect to the Future and The


Past, Religious Spaces

Masaccio

Masaccio: 'Father of the Renaissance'


Pieces: Holy Trinity, Tribute Money, Expulsion from
the Garden of Eden
Style: Classicalism, pictorial space, threedimensional objects, vanishing-points, development
of light and shadow, portrayals of characters that
exist in real time and real space, spatial perspective,
landscape unimportant, humanism, triangular
composition

Donatello

Donatello
Pieces: David, Mary Magdalene, Gattamelata
Style: Human emotion, mastery in sculpture for first
time since classics, expression, physical problems of
subjects, psychological intensity, personality,
mastery in different mediums, good if used for
human form in art