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How to lower groundwater table?

Learning issue

Installation of PVD can lower groundwater table. In order to remove water content by
installing PVD, preloading or surcharge is needed to fasten the process of removing water
content in the soil. Without preloading or surcharge process can take years or decades.
PVD can reduce the pre-loading time from several years to a few months; they are

intended to expedite settlement rather than reduce it.

Dewatering. Dewatering can control groundwater by pumping, to locally lower
groundwater levels in the vicinity of the excavation. Groundwater is allowed to enter the
excavation where it is then collected in a sump and pumped away by robust solids
handling pumps. Sump pumping can be effective in many circumstances, but seepage
into the excavation can create the risk of instability and other construction problems. To
prevent significant groundwater seepage into the excavation and to ensure stability of
excavation side slopes and base it may be necessary to lower groundwater levels in
advance of excavation. This is known as pre-drainage.
Pre-drainage methods include:

Deep wells
Vacuum wells
Horizontal wells
Other specialist dewatering techniques are also sometimes used:

Relief wells
Artificial recharge
Siphon drains


Prefabricated Vertical DrainsThe Squeeze Is On ; By Martin G. Taube, P.E., M.ASCE