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Unit 5: Drug Use &

Abuse

Chapter
14:
Tobacco

Kahoot!

Go to kahoot.it and
enter the game-pin!

Why Do People
Smoke?

Curiosity
People they like and respect do it

They dont see how it will do any harm

People in positions of authority have


told them not to

Peer-pressure

Media Influence

Stress Relief

Why Dont People


Smoke?
Dont want their money to support

tobacco industries
They have a family member
struggling with tobacco dependency
Put off by bad breath, stained fingers,
and developing diseases
They understand that smoked
tobacco is a performance-reducing
substance
It is against their values and their
commitment to health

Video
Vice on HBO: Addiction
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mkkMhKEfOqw

Tobacco

The shredded, dried leaf of the


tobacco plant
Can be smoked or chewed
Only natural source of nicotine
One of the most addictive substances
known to scientists
Contains more than 4,000 chemicals,
40 of which are carcinogens

Ontario Student Drug Use


and Health Survey
(OSDUHS) Statistics
Cigarettes

Waterpipe (Hookah)

About 8.5% of all students in grades 7-12

Among students in grades

report smoking cigarettes in the past year.

712, 9.7% used a

This estimate includes daily and occasional

waterpipe at least once in

smoking, but excludes those who tried a few

the past year. This

puffs of a cigarette. The percentage of 8.5%

estimate represents about

represents about 83,100 students in Ontario.

88,400 students in Ontario.

Smokeless (Chewing) Tobacco

Electronic Cigarettes

About 5.7% report using

Among students in grades 912, 14.6%

smokeless tobacco in the

report using an e-cigarette in their

past year. This estimate

lifetime. This represents about 99,800

represents about 51,800

students in Ontario. Specifically, 4.1%

students in grades 712

used an e- cigarette with nicotine, and

in Ontario.

10.5% used an e- cigarette without

Anatomy of a Cigarette

Hazards of Smoking
Short Term Effects
Heart rate and blood pressure rise
Breathing gets faster
Dizziness
Diarrhea and vomiting
Reduced fitness and athletic ability
Smokers breath

Hazards of Smoking
Long-term effects:
Cancer of the lungs, mouth, and
throat
Respiratory disease
Heart attack
Stroke
Stomach ulcers
Cardiovascular disease
Poor dental health

Tobacco Body
http://tobaccobody.fi

Harmful Elements
Element

Carbon Monoxide
(CO)

Tar

Nicotine

How it Enters the


Body

Side Effect(s)

Bloodstream
- Reduces the ability of
the red blood cells to
carry oxygen

- Shortness of breath
- May impair vision,
hearing and judgment

Lungs
- Impairs the lungs
ability to function
properly by coating the
air sacs
Brain
- Is a stimulant with
each puff of a cigarette
the nicotine reaches the
brain within 7 seconds

- Cancer

- Highly addictive

Video
After 60 Cigarettes
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tCdOAzyKplM

Second-Hand Smoke

Exhaled smoke from a smoker, or


smoke from a smouldering
cigarette, is breathed in by another
person
A person exposed to second-hand
smoke is more likely to develop:
1) Respiratory problems
(coughing, phlegm, chest
pain)
2) Heart disease

Second-Hand Smoke

Causes 1,000 deaths in Canadian nonsmokers each year


Children whose parents smoke tend to
have more:
1) Ear infections
2) Chest infections
3) Asthma

The Rewards of Not


Smoking

Reduce the risk of: lung cancer and


other cancers, heart attack, stroke,
chronic lung disease
More money in your pocket for other
things
Can participate in physical activity
more comfortably
No more foul-smelling smokers
breath
No more freezing outside in Canadian
winters!!!

Agree or Disagree?

Local governments have the right to ban


smoking in public places.

Tobacco companies target young people with


their advertising.

It should be illegal for anyone under the age of


18 to purchase, use, or possess tobacco
products.

Quitting tobacco use is the same process for


everyone.

Tobacco companies are ultimately responsible for


an individual's smoking.