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College of Law

De la Salle University
3st Semester 2014-15
COURSE OUTLINE OF
SIGNIFICANT SPECIAL PENAL LAWS*
Arno V. Sanidad
I. Concept and Principles of Special Penal Laws

1. Crimes Mala In Se and Mala Prohibita


RPC Art. 3 (Reyes, Vol. 1, pp. 53-59 (2012 Ed.)
a) Intent to perpetrate the act, not intent to commit the crime:
U.S. v. Go Chico, 14 Phil. 128 (1909)**
b) Proof of malice or deliberate intent (mens rea) unnecessary:
Padilla v. Dizon, 158 SCRA 127 (1988)**
Anti-Plunder Law (R.A. 7080) and mens rea exception:
Estrada vs. Sandiganbayan, 369 SCRA 394 (2001)**
See: J. Mendoza's concurring
See also:
Anti-Arson Law (P.D.1613)
R.A. 3012, Sec. 3 (e), (g)
Go v. Sandiganbayan, G.R. No. 172602, September 3, 2007
c) Crimes involving moral turpitude:
Teves v. Comelec, G.R. No. 180363, April 28, 2009**

2. Relation of RPC to special penal laws


RPC, Art. 10 (Reyes, Vol. 140-152)
R.A. No. 8484, Sec. 12 & 13
Penalties taken from the RPC:
Sanchez v. People, G.R. No. 179090, June 5, 2009
Circumstances modifying criminal liability:

The outline is partly based on the Supreme Court 2012 Coverage for the Bar Examinations in Criminal
Law. Updated March 2014.
**En Banc

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People v. Saley, 291 SCRA 715 (1998)


R.A. 7659 adopts penalties under RPC:
People v. Simon, 234 SCRA 555 (1994)**
See J. Davide concurring and dissenting.
RPC principle of conspiracy suppletory:
Ladonga v. People, 451 SCRA 673 (2005)
Carnapping not qualified theft or robbery:
People v. Bustinera, 431 SCRA 284 (2004)
". . . through another", R.A. 9262
Go-Tan v. Tan, 567 SCRA 231 (2008)
II. Special Penal Laws Affecting Criminal Liability:

1. An Act to Establish Prescription for Violations of Special Acts


and Municipal Ordinances and to Provide When Prescription
Shall Begin (Act. No. 3326)
a) Periods of prescription (Sec. 1)
Special law does not provide prescriptive period; filing with SEC:
Citibank v. Tanco-Gabaldon, G.R. No. 198444, September 4, 2013
b) When begins to run (Sec.2)
Judicial Proceedings:
People v. Pangilinan, G.R. No. 152662, June 13, 2012

2. Anti-Violence Against Women and Their Children Act of 2004 (R.A. 9262)
Battered woman syndrome as justifying circumstance (Sec. 26):
People v. Genosa, G.R. No. 135981, January 15, 2004
RE: Rule on Violence Against Women and Their Children (A.M. No. 04-10-11-SC, October
19, 2004)
- Joshua Dressler, Battered Women and Sleeping Abusers:
Some Reflections, 3 Ohio St. J. Crim. L. 457

3. Juvenile Justice and Welfare Act of 2006 (R.A.9344) as amended by R.A. No. 10630; also refer to Child and
Youth Welfare Code (P.D. 603, as amended) and exempting circumstances
a) Definition of: (Sec. 4)
(i) Child at risk (c)
(ii) Child in conflict with the law (d)
b) Minimum age of criminal responsibility (Sec. 6, 20)
Ortega v. People, G.R. No. 151085, 20, 2008
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c) Determination of age (Sec. 7)


d) Exemption from criminal liability (Sec. 6)
e) Acted with discernment

Rule on Commitment of Children ( A.M. No. 02-1-19-SC)


Rule on Juveniles in Conflict with Law (A.M. No. 02-1-18-SC)
Intent and discernment, difference:
Guevarra vs. Almodovar, 169 SCRA 476(1989)
People v. Doquena, 68 Phil 580 (1939)
People v. Arpon, 662 SCRA 506, G.R. No. 183563. Dec. 14, 2011
Discernment & age of criminal responsibility:
Madali v. People, G.R. No. 180380, August 4, 2009
Acted with discernment & burden of proof:
Jose v. People, 448 SCRA 116(2005)
Llave v. People, 488 SCRA 376 (2006)

4. Decree Codifying the Laws on Illegal/Unlawful Possession, Manufacture, Dealing in, Acquisition or
Disposition, of Firearms, Ammunition or Explosives (P.D. 1866, as amended by R.A. 8294)
a) Unlicensed firearm used in any crime (Sec. 1, Par. 1 & 2)):
People vs Ladjaalam, 340 SCRA 617 (2000)
b) Special aggravating circumstance in murder or homicide (Sec. 1, par. 3):
People v. Castillo, G.R. No. 131592-93, February 15, 2000
Sison v. People, G.R. No. 187229 February 22, 2012
c) If used in rebellion, sedition or attempted coup detat (Sec. 1, par. 4)

5. The Comprehensive Dangerous Drugs Act of 2002 (R.A. No. 9165)


a)
b)
c)
d)

As a qualifying aggravating circumstance (Sec. 25)


Attempt and conspiracy punished (Art. 8 RPC, Sec. 26)
Immunity from prosecution and punishment, coverage (Sec. 33)
First time minor offenders (Sec. 66-71)
Offender is a minor:
People v. Mantalaba, G.R. No. 186227, July 20, 2011
e) Delay and Bungling in the Prosecution of Drug Cases (Sec. 92)
f) Limited applicability of RPC provisions (Sec. 98, R.A. No. 9165 and ) provisions (sec.
98) cf. Art. 10, RPC
Art. 62 (2) of the RPC shall not be applied:
People v. Cabugatan, G.R. No. 172019, February 12, 2007

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6. Some Significant Immunity Statutes:


Granting Immunity from Prosecution to Givers of Bribes and Other Gifts and to their
Accomplices in Bribery and Other Graft Cases against Public Officers, July 18, 1975
(PD No. 749)
Providing for Rewards and Incentives to Government Witnesses and Informants and
other Purposes, October 8, 1980 (PD No. 1731)
Providing Immunity from Criminal Prosecution to Government Witnesses and for other
Purposes, October 8, 1980 (PD No. 1732)
Power of the Commission on Human Rights to grant immunity (1987 Constitution,
Article XIII, Section 18(8))
An Act Introducing Additional Reforms in the Electoral System and for other Purposes,
January 5, 1988 (Sec. 26, RA No. 6646)
Ombudsman Act of 1989, November 17, 1989 (Sec. 17, RA No. 6770)
Quarto v. Marcelo, G.R. No. 169042, October 5, 2011
People v. Sandiganbayan, G.R. Nos. 185729-32, June 26, 2013
Mapa, Jr. v. Sandiganbayan, G.R. No. 100295 April 26, 1994**
Witness Protection, Security and Benefit Act, April 24, 1991 (RA No. 6981)
Ampatuan v. De Lima, G.R. No. 197291, April 3, 2013
Comprehensive Dangerous Drugs Act of 2002, June 7, 2002
(See Sec. 33 & 34, RA No. 9165)
Anti-Red Tape Act of 2007, June 2, 2007 (Sec. 15, RA No. 9485)

III. Special Penal Laws Affecting Penalties & Service Thereof:

1. Act Prohibiting the Imposition of Death Penalty in the Philippines (R.A. 9346) Republic Act No. 9346
(Prescribing the imposition of death penalty)
R.A. 9346 and Art. 71 (RPC) harmonized:
People vs. Bon, 506 SCRA 168, October 30, 2006 **

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2. Indeterminate Sentence Law (R.A. 4103, as amended)


a) Application on the imposed sentence by special penal laws (Sec. 1)
Re. Penalty Imposed by Judge Teofilo Guadiz, Jr.,
A.M. No. 1553 CFI September 12, 1980
Batistis v. People, G.R. No. 181571, December 16, 2009
b) Coverage (Sec. 2)
c) Conditions of parole (Sec 6, 8)

3. Probation Law (P.D. 968, as amended)


a) Definition of terms (Sec. 3)
b) Purpose (Sec. 2)
Not a penal statute:
Llamado v. CA, 174 SCRA 566 (1989)
c) Grant of probation, manner and conditions (Sec. 4, 10)
Other conditions and civil liability:
Salgado v. CA, 189 SCRA 304 (1990)
d) Criteria of placing an offender on probation (Sec. 8)
e) Disqualified offenders (Sec. 9)
When appeal not bar to probation:
Francisco v. C.A., 243 SCRA 384 (1995)**
Probation on appeal:
Colinares v. People, 662 SCRA 266, G.R. No. 182748. Dec. 13, 2011**
See dissenting opinions
f) Period of probation (Sec. 14)
g) Arrest of probationer (Sec. 15)
Conditions for final order of discharge; arrest:
Bala v. Martinez, 181 SCRA 459 (1990)
h) Termination of probation (Sec. 16);
Exception:
The Comprehensive Dangerous Drugs Act of 2002 (R.A. No. 9165, Sec. 24)

4. Juvenile Justice and Welfare Act of 2006 (R.A. No. 9344); also
refer to Child and Youth Welfare Code (P.D. 603, as amended)
See - Rule on Juveniles in Conflict with the Law (A.M. No. 02-1-18-SC,
November 24, 2009)
a) Definition: (Sec. 4)
(i) Child at risk (c)
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b)

c)

c)
d)

(ii) Child in conflict with the law (d)


Exemption from criminal liability; civil liability (Sec. 6, 7, 20)
- Competent Proof of Minority
Sierra v. People, G.R. No. 182941, July 3, 2009
Proper application of privileged mitigating circumstance of minority in capital cases.
People v. Sarcia, G.R. No. 169641, September 10, 2009
(E.B.)
People v. Jacinto, G.R. No. 182239, March 16, 2011
Juvenile justice and welfare system (Title II)
Diversion (Chapter 2)

5. Human Security Act of 2007 (R.A. 9372)


a) Conspiracy to commit terrorism (Sec. 4)
b) Accomplice (Sec. 5)
c) Accessory (Sec. 6)

IV. Crimes Against National Security:

1. Act to Punish Espionage and Offenses Against National Security (C.A. 616)
a) Unlawfully obtaining or permitting to be obtained information affecting
national defense. (Sec. 1)
b) Unlawful disclosing information affecting national defense. (Sec. 2)
c) Disloyal acts or works in time of peace. (Sec. 3)
d) Disloyal acts or words in time of war.
Distinguish from Treason (RPC Art. 114)
Espionage (RPC Art. 117)

2. Anti-Piracy [and Anti- Highway Robbery] (P.D.532)


a) Definition of terms
b) Punishable acts
c) Distinguish from piracy and qualified piracy
Coverage People vs. Catantan, G.R. No. 118075, Sept. 5, 1997
Jurisdiction People vs. Tulin, G.R. No. 111709, Aug. 30, 2001

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3. Acts Inimical to Civil Aviation (R.A. 6235)


4. Anti-Hijacking Law (P.D. 6235)
Punishable acts
"In flight" -

5. Human Security Act of 2007 (R.A. 9372)


a) Punishable acts of terrorism: (Sec. 3)
(i) Specific offenses under the Revised Penal Code;
(ii) Specific special penal laws;
(iii) Specific mode of commission
b) Who are liable
Terrorist organization, etc. (Sec. 17)
V. Crimes Against Fundamental Laws of the State:

1. An Act Defining Certain Rights of Persons Arrested, Detained or Under Custodial Investigation as Well as
the Duties of the Arresting, Detaining and Investigating Officers, and Providing Penalties Therefore (R.A.
7438)
a) Covered situations
b) Rights & Valid Waiver
c) Punishable Acts
Invitations:
People v. Olivarez, Jr., G.R. No. 77865 | 1998-12-04

2. Philippine Act on Crimes Against International Humanitarian Law, Genocide, and Other Crimes Against
Humanity (R.A. 9851)
3. Human Security Act of 2007 (R.A. 9372)
a) Offenses of Terrorism: (Sec. 3)
b) Period of detention
c) Procedure for detention

4. Anti-Torture Act of 2009 (R.A. 9745)


a) Punishable acts
b) Who are liable
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c) When committed with other offenses


1) Homicide
2) Rape
d) As a separate and independent offense
e) Effect of amnesty
f) Offenses under the RPC attended by torture, effect
i) Maltreatment of prisoners (RPC Art. 235)

5. Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act of 2003 (R.A. 9208)


Trafficking in persons, defined:
People v. Hadja Jarma Lalli, G.R. No. 195419, October 12, 2011

6. An Act to Declare Unlawful the Practice of Matching Filipino Women for Marriage to Foreign Nationals on
a Mail Order Basis (R.A. 6955)
a) Prohibited acts (Sec. 2, a)
b) Persons liable (Sec. 2, b)

7. Anti-Photo and Video Voyeurism Act of 2009 (R.A. 9995)


a) Punishable acts (Sec. 4)
Photo or video voyeurism (Sec. 3, d)
Under circumstances in which a person has a reasonable
expectation of privacy. (Sec. 3, f)
b) Procedure for admissibility of photo or video (Sec. 6 & 7)

8. R.A. No. 10173 "Data Privacy Act of 2012"


a)
b)
c)
d)
e)

Purpose (Sec. 2)
Coverage (Sec. 4)
Protection to journalist and source (Sec. 5)
Extraterritorial application (Sec. 6)
Acts penalized (Sec. 25 to 33)

VI. Crimes Against Public Order:

1. Decree Codifying the Laws on Illegal / Unlawful Possession, Manufacture, Dealing in, Acquisition or
Disposition of Firearms, Ammunition or Explosives (P.D. 1866, as amended by R.A. 8294)
As an element of the crimes of rebellion, insurrection, sedition, or
attempted coup detat.
People vs. Ladjaalam, G.R. Nos. 136149-51, Sept. 19, 2000
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Evangelista v. Sistosa, G.R. No. 143881, August 9, 2001


Agote v. Lorenzo, G.R. No. 142675, July 22, 2005

2. Human Security Act of 2007 (R.A. 9372)


a) Punishable acts of terrorism
b) Who are liable
c) Absorption principle in relation to complex crimes
Constitutionality:
Southern Hemisphere Engagement Network, Inc., v. Anti-terrorism Council, G.R.
No. 178552, October 5, 2010 (EB)
VII.

Crimes Against Public Interest:

1. Defacement, Mutilation, Tearing, Burning or


Destroying Central Bank Notes And Coins (P.D. No. 247)
a) Prohibited acts
b) Distinguish from Art. 164 RPC

2. The Intellectual Property Code (R.A. No. 8293)


a) Infringement (Sec. 155)
Skechers v. Inter Pacific Industrial Trading Corp., G.R. No. 164321,
March 23, 2011
Diaz v. People & Levi Strauss Phil. Inc., G.R. No. 180677, February 18,
2013
b) Unfair competititon (Sec. 168)
Republic Gas v. Petron, G.R. No. 194062, June 17, 2013
c) False designations of origin, false description or representation (Sec. 169)
d) Penalties (Sec. 170)

3. The New Public Bidding Law (R.A. 9184)


a) Prohibited acts
Department of Budget and Management Procurement Service (DBM-PS) v.
Kolonwel Trading, G.R. No. 175616, G.R. No. 175608, June 8, 2007 (EB)

4. The Price Act (R.A. No. 7581as amended by R.A. No. 10623)
a) Basic necessities or prime commodities
b) Persons liable
c) Prohibited Acts:
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Hoarding
Profiteering
Cartel

5. Anti-Alias Law (C.A. 142)


a) Punishable acts
b) Exception
"Without sinister purpose or personal gain":
Legamia v. IAC, 131 SCRA 478
"Jose Velarde"; publicity and habituality of use:
People v. Estrada, G.R. Nos. 164368-69, April 2, 2009**

6. Anti-Money Laundering Act of 2001 (R.A. 9160)


a) Purpose
b) Prohibited acts
Republic of the Phil. V. Cabrini Green & Ross, Inc., G.R. No. 154522, May 5, 2006
Republic of the Phil. v. Glasgow Credit and Collection Services, Inc., G.R. No.
170281, January 18, 2008

7. Access Devices Regulation Act of 1998 (R.A. 8484)


(i) Prohibited acts
Soledad v. People, G.R. No. 184274, February 23, 2011

8. Anti-Camcording Act of 2010 (R.A. 10088)


a) Prohibited acts (Sec. 3)
b) Power to search & seize (Sec. 8 & 9)

9. Illegal Recruitment, (RA 8042 as amended by R.A. No. 10022)


Constitutionality; Police Power:
Sto. Tomas v. Salac, G.R. No. 152642, November 13, 2012**
a) Acts of illegal recruitment (Sec. 6)
b) When deemed by a syndicate
c) Other prohibited acts
Illegal recruitment & Trafficking in Persons:
People v. Hadja Jarma Lalli, G.R. No. 195419, October 12, 2011, supra
Liability also for estafa:
People v. Chua, G.R. No. 184058, March 10, 2010

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10. An Act Defining Cybercrime, Providing for the Prevention,


Investigation, Suppression and the Imposition of
Penalties Therefor and for Other Purposes (R.A. 10175)
Disini, Jr. v. The Secretary of Justice, G.R. No. 203335, Feb 18, 2014

11. An Act Penalizing Persons Driving under the Influence of Alcohol, Dangerous Drugs, and Similar
Substances, and for Other Purposes (R.A. 10586)
See: Implementing Rules and Regulations of R.A. No. 10586
a) Acts punished
b) Field and Mandatory Tests
Blood Test
Missouri v. MacNeely, No. 111425. Argued January 9, 2013
Decided April 17, 2013
Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus Test
(See: Horizontal Gaze Nystagmus: The Science & the Law,
http://www.nhtsa.gov/people/injury/enforce/nystagmus/)
Walk and Turn Test
One-leg Stand Test
Breath Analyzers
c) Penalties & Prosecution for other violations
d) Liability of operator or owner
VIII.

Crimes Relative to Opium and Other Prohibited Drugs:

1. The Comprehensive Dangerous Drugs Act of 2002 (R.A. 9165)


1. Punishable acts
a) Importation (Sec. 4)
b) Sale, Trading, Administration, Dispensation, Delivery,
Distribution and Transportation (Sec.5)
Element of sale:
People v. Partoza, G.R. No. 182418, May 8, 2009
c) Dive, Den, Resort
(i) Maintenance (Sec. 6)
(ii) Employee and Visitors (Sec. 7)
d) Manufacture of dangerous drugs (Sec. 8)
e) Diversion (Sec. 9)
f) Manufacture or Delivery of Equipment (Sec. 10)
g) Possession of dangerous drugs (Sec. 11); during parties, etc. (Sec. 13)
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Elements of possession:
People v. Padua, G.R. No. 174097, July 21, 2010
h) Possession of equipment, instrument, apparatus,
other paraphernalia (Sec. 12); during parties, etc. (Sec. 14)
i) Use of Dangerous Drugs (Sec. 15)
a) Test upon apprehension or arrest (Sec. 38)
b) Exemption (Sec. 55)
j) Cultivation or culture of plants classified as dangerous drugs (Sec. 16)
k) Planting (Sec. 29)
2. Who are liable
a) Immunity from prosecution and punishment (Sec. 33)
b) Procedure as to seizure, custody, disposition, etc. (Sec. 21)
Chain of Custody:
People v. Habana, G.R. No. 188900, March 5, 2010
Chain of Custody, broken:
People v. Santiago, G.R. No. 191061, February 9, 2011
People v. Watamama, G.R. No. 194945, July 30, 2012
b) Exemption under voluntary surrender program (Sec. 55 & Sec. 15)
b) Ple-bargaining unavailing (Sec.23)
c) Probation law unavailing (Sec. 24)
3. Drug Testing (Sec. 36)
IX. Crimes Committed by Public Officers or Related to Public Office:

1. Anti-Graft and Corrupt Practices Act (R.A. 3019, as amended)


Purpose of law; Constitutionality & police power:
Morfe v. Mutuc, 22 SCRA 424**
a) Coverage
b) Punishable acts
Sec. 3 (b), power to intervene into contract or transaction:
Jaravata v. Sandiganbayan, 127 SCRA 363
Sec. 3 (e), elements; Causing undue injury . . .:
Mejorada v. Sandiganbayan, 151 SCRA 399
Manifest partiality, evident bad faith, gross inexcusable negligence:
Fonacier v. Sandiganbayan, G.R. No. L-50691 December 5, 1994**
Mendoza-Arce v. Ombudsman, G.R. No. 149148, April 5, 2002
Sec. 3 (h), elements; financial interest & intervenes in official capacity:
Trieste v. Sandiganbayan, 145 SCRA 508**
Bad faith unnecessary; Committed by negligence:
Alvarez v. People, G.R. No. 192591, July 30, 2012
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C) Exceptions
Sec. 3 (g):
Go v. Sandiganbayan, G.R. No. 172602, September 3, 2007, supra

2. Code of Conduct and Ethical Standards for Public Officials


and Employees (R.A. 6713)
Duty of professionalism:
Samson v. Restrivera, G.R. No. 178454, March 28, 2011
Act promptly on letters and requests (Sec. 5 (a)):
Ombudsman v. Madriaga, G.R. No. 164316, September 27, 2006
Sworn statement of public employee's assets, liabilities, net worth and
financial and business interest (SALN):
Rabe v. Flores, A.M. No. P-97-1247, May 14, 1997**

3. Punishing Public Officials and Employees to Receive and for Private Persons to Give Gifts on Any Occasion
Including Christmas (P.D. 46)
4. Anti-Plunder Act (R.A. 7080, as amended)
Estrada v. Saniganbayan, G.R. No. 148560, November 19, 2001
a) Definition of terms
b) Ill-gotten wealth
c) Plunder
d) Series/Combination
e) Pattern
f) Evidence necessary

5. Forfeiture In Favor of the State Any Property Found to have been Unlawfully Acquired by Any Public
Officer or Employee (R.A. 1379)
a) Property subject to forfeiture
b) Nature of proceedings
Cabal v. Kapunan, G.R. No. L-19052, December 29, 1962**
Plunder does not subsume forfeiture:
Garcia v. Sandiganbayan, G.R. No. 170122, October 12, 2009
c) Procedure for forfeiture
Republic v. Sandiganbayan and Asistio, G.R. No. 90529
August 16, 1991**
Due process and summary judgment in forfeiture proceedings:
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Republic v. Sandiganbayan and Marcos, G.R. No. 152154,


November 18, 2003**
Grossly disproportionate to his lawful income:
Bugarin v. Republic, G.R. No. 174431, August 6, 2012

6. Human Security Act of 2007 (R.A. 9372)


a) Failure to deliver suspect to proper judicial authority
b) Infidelity in the custody of detained persons
c) False prosecution

7. Anti-Red Tape Act of 2007 (R.A. 9485)


a) Prohibited acts
X. Crimes Against Persons:

1. Anti-Violence against Women and their Children Act of 2004 (R.A. 9262)
a) Punishable acts

2. Anti-Child Pornography Act of 2009 (R.A. 9775)


a) Definition of terms
b) Unlawful or punishable acts

3. Anti-Hazing Law (R.A. 8049)


Villareal v. People, G.R. No. 151258, February 1, 2012
a) Hazing
(1) Definition
(2) Allowed initiation rites
b) Who are liable
c) Punishable acts
d) Exeptions
e) Praeter intentionem inapplicable

4. Special Protection of Children Against Child Abuse, Exploitation


and Discrimination Act (R.A. 7610, as amended)
a) Coverage
b) Child prostitution, punishable acts
c) Child trafficking, punishable acts
Malto v. People, 533 SCRA 643 (2007)
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Rape of 12 yr. old, statutory rape or Section 5 (b), Article III


of RA 7610 in relation to RA 8353?:
People v. Matias, G.R. No. 186469, June 13, 2012
Sexual Assault, Acts of Lasciviousness & Rape:
Flordeliz v. People, 614 SCRA 225 (2010)

5. Juvenile Justice and Welfare Act of 2006 (R.A. 9344); also refer to Child and Youth Welfare Code (P.D. 603,
as amended)
a) Punishable acts

6. Anti-Enforced or Involuntary Disappearance Act of 2012 (R.A. 10353)


Enforced Disappearance; Order of Battle

XI. Crimes Against Personal Liberty and Security:

1. Anti-Wire Tapping Act (R.A. 4200)


Ganaan v. IAC, 145 SCRA 112
Ramirez v. CA, 248 SCRA 590
a) Punishable acts
b) Exceptions

2. Human Security Act of 2007 (R.A. 9372


a) Surveillance of suspects and interception and recording of communications
b) Restriction on travel
c) Examination of bank deposits and documents
(1) Judicial Authorization
(2) Application
d) Unauthorized revelation of classified materials

3. Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act of 2003 (R.A. 9208)


a) Punishable acts
People v. Hadja Jarma Lalli, G.R. No. 195419, October 12, 2011
XII.

Crimes Against Property:

1. Anti-Cattle Rustling Law of 1974 (P.D. 533)


a) Punishable acts
People v. Escarda, G.R. No. 120548, Oct. 26, 2001
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b) With violence or homicide


People v. Martinada, G.R. Nos. 66401-03, Feb. 13, 1991

2. Anti-Electricity and Electric Tansmission Lines/Materials Pilferage Act of 1994 (R.A. 7832)
a) Punishable Acts
1) Illegal use of electricity (Sec. 2)
2) Theft of electric power transmission lines and materials (Sec. 3)
b) Prima facie evidence (Sec. 4)
c) Disconnection (Sec. 6)
MERALCO v. Vda. De Santiago, G.R. No. 170482, September 4, 2009
Inspection procedure; Injunction remedy against abuse:
Go v. Leyte Electric Cooperative, G.R. No. 176909, February 18, 2008
Due process before disconnection:
MERALCO v. Castillo, G.R. No. 182976, January 14, 2013

3. Anti-Fencing Law (P.D. 1612) and its implementing rules and regulations
a) Fencing
(1) Definition
(2) Presumption of fencing
b) Exception
(1) With clearance or permit to sell
Proof of theft independent of fencing:
Tan v. People, G.R. No. 134298, August 26, 1999
Fencing of carnapped vehicle:
Dimat v. People, G.R. No. 181184, Jan. 25, 2012

4. Bouncing Checks Law (B.P. Blg. 22) plus Administrative Circular No.
12-2000
Re: Penalty for Violation of B.P. 22 and Administrative Circular No. 13-2001
Re: Clarification of Admin Circular No. 12-2000
a) Punishable acts
b) Evidence of knowledge of insufficient funds
c) Preference of imposition of fine
Gravamen & elements of offense:
Lim v. People, 340 SCRA 497 (2000)
Distinguished from Estafa, Art. 315, par. 2 (d); double joepardy:
Nierras v. Dacuycuy, 181 SCRA 1
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Two ways of violating B.P. #22:


Wong v. C.A., G.R. No. 117857, February 2, 2001
Transitory or continuing offense; jurisdiction:
People v. Grospe, 157 SCRA 154
Reason for issuance irrelevant to liability:
Llmado v. CA, 270 SCRA 423
Que v. People, 154 SCRA 160
Notice of dishonor, requisites:
Cabrera v. C.A., G.R. No. 150618, July 24, 2003
Svendsen v. People, G.R. No. 175381, February 26, 2008
Warranty deposit:
Magno v. C.A., G.R. No. 96132, June 26, 1992
Memorandum check:
People v. Nitafan, 214 SCRA 79
Not to decriminalize nor delete penalty of imprisonment:
Tan v. Mendez, Jr., G.R. No. 138669, June 6, 2002
Lim Lao v. CA, 274 SCRA 572
Idos v. CA, 296 SCRA 194
Sycip v. CA, 328 SCRA 447
Bautista v. CA, 360 SCRA 618

5. Trust Receipts Law P.D. 115


a) What is a Trust Receipt?
b) Punishable acts
Constitutionality; estafa:
Lee v. Rodil, 175 SCRA 100
Obligation & goods covered by trust receipt:
Allied Banking Corp. v. Ordonez, 192 SCRA 246
Loan not trust receipt transaction:
Yang v. People, G.R. No. 195117, Aug. 14, 2013

6. Syndicated Estafa (P.D. 1689)


a) Punishable Acts
Commercial bank covered:
Guy v. C.A., G.R. No. 187919, April 25, 2012
b) Syndicate
Catiis v. C.A., G.R. NO. 153979, February 6, 2006

7. Anti-Carnapping Act of 1972 (R.A. 6539)


a) Definition of terms
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b) Registration
c) Who are liable
(1) Duty of collector of customs
(2) Duty of importers, distributors and sellers
(3) Clearance and permit
d) Punishable acts
People v. Bustinera, 431 SCRA 284 (2004) supra
e) Qualified Carnapping:
People v. Lagat, G.R. No. 187044, September 14, 2011
People v. Nocum, G.R. 179041, April 1, 2013
"Boundary system":
People v. Bustinera, G. R. No. 148233. June 8, 2004
Fencing of carnapped vehicle:
Dimat v. People, G.R. No. 181184, Jan. 25, 2012
8.Human Security Act of 2007 (R.A. 9372)
a) Punishable acts of terrorism
Southern Hemisphere Engagement Network, Inc. v. Anti-terrorism Council, G.R. No.
178552 October 5, 2010

9. Anti-Arson Law [Simple Arson] (P.D.1613)


People v. Acosta, 326 SCRA 49
a) Punishable acts
(1) Simple arson distinguished from destructive arson (Art. 320 as amended by R.A.
7659)
People v. Soriano, G.R. No. 152565, July 29, 2003
People v. Macabando, G.R. No. 188708, July 31, 2013
Simple arson or arson of an inhabited house?:
Buebos v. People, G.R. No. 163938, March 28, 2008
(2) Burning his own property
(3) Conspiracy
Murder or arson?:
People v. Baluntong, G.R. No. 182061, March 15, 2010
Prima facie evidence of destructive arson:
Amora v. People, G.R. No. 154466, January 28, 2008
Intent to kill or conceal:
People v. Cedenio, G.R. No. 93485, June 27, 1994
Intent to rob?
XIII.

Crimes Against Chastity:

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1. Special Protection of Children Against Child Abuse, Exploitation and Discrimination Act (R.A. 7610, as
amended by R.A. 9231)
a) Child prostitution and other acts of sexual abuse (Sec. 5)
1) Promote, facilitate or induce (a)
2) Sexual intercourse or lascivious conduct (b)
3) Derive profit or advantage (c)
4) Attempt to commit child prostitution
b) Child trafficking and attempt thereto (Sec. 7 & 8)
c) Obscene publications and indecent shows (Sec. 9)
d) Other acts of neglect, abuse, cruelty or exp;oitation (Sec. 10)
d) Compare prosecution for Acts of Lasciviousness under Art. 366, RPC
and R.A. 7610, as amended
When rape under Art. 266-A/B of RPC:
People v. Dahilig, G.R. No. 187083, June 13, 2011
Child Prostitution and Other Sexual Abuse (Sec. 5):
Garingarao v. People, G.R. No. 192760, July 20, 2011
"persuasion, inducement, enticement or coercion" & Sec. 5 (b):
People v. Olayon, G.R. No. 171863, August 20, 2008
. . . due to the coercion or influence of any adult:
Caballo v. People, G.R. No. 198732, June 10, 2013

2. Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act of 2003 (R.A. 9208)


a) Punishable acts: Sec. Sec. 3 (a); Sec. 4
Purpose of law & Trafficking Defined:
People v. Hadja Jarma Lalli, G.R. No. 195419, October 12, 2011

3. Anti-Violence Against Women and Their Children Act of 2004 (R.A. 9262)
a) Punishable acts: Sec. 3 (a); Sec. 4
Dating Relationship & Sexual Relationship Distinguished:
Ang v. C.A. & Sagud, G.R. No. 182835, April 20, 2010

4. Anti-Sexual Harassment Act of 1995 (R.A. 7877)


a) Punishable acts
Work-related or employment environment, sexual harassment :
Domingo v. Rayala, G.R. No. 155831, February 18, 2008
Philippine Aelous Automotive United Corporation v. NLRC, 387 Phil. 250 (2000)
Jacutin v. People, G.R. No. 140604, March 6, 2002

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LIST OF THE SPECIAL PENAL LAWS COVERED


An Act to Establish Prescription for Violations of Special Acts
and Municipal Ordinances and to Provide When Prescription Shall Begin .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (Act 3326)
Anti-Alias Law .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C.A. 142)
Act to Punish Espionage and Offenses Against National Security . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (C.A. 616)
Punishing Public Officials and Employees to Receive and
for Private Persons to Give Gifts on Any Occasion
Including Christmas .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P.D. 46)
Trust Receipts Law .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P.D. 115)
Defacement, Mutilation, Tearing, Burning or
Destroying Central Bank Notes And Coins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P.D. 247)
Anti-Piracy and Anti- Highway Robbery .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P.D.532)
Anti-Cattle Rustling Law of 1974 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P.D. 533)

Granting Immunity from Prosecution to Givers of Bribes and Other Gifts


and to their Accomplices in Bribery and Other Graft Cases against
Public Officers, July 18, 1975 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P.D. No. 749)
Probation Law . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P.D. 968, as amended)
Anti-Fencing Law .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P.D. 1612)
Anti-Arson Law .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P.D. 1613)
Syndicated Estafa .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P.D. 1689)

Providing for Rewards and Incentives to Government Witnesses


and Informants and other Purposes, October 8, 1980 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P.D. No. 1731)
Providing Immunity from Criminal Prosecution to Government
Witnesses and for other Purposes, October 8, 1980 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P.D. No. 1732)
Decree Codifying the Laws on Illegal / Unlawful Possession,
Manufacture, Dealing in, Acquisition or Disposition of
Firearms, Ammunition or Explosives .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P.D. 1866, as amended by R.A. 8294)
Anti-Hijacking Law . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (P.D. 6235)
Bouncing Checks Law. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (B.P. 22)
Forfeiture In Favor of the State Any Property Found to have been
Unlawfully Acquired by Any Public Officer or Employee .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (R.A. 1379)
Anti-Graft and Corrupt Practices Act . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (R.A. 3019, as amended)
Anti-Wire Tapping Act . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (R.A. 4200)
Indeterminate Sentence Law . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (R.A. 4103, as amended)
Acts Inimical to Civil Aviation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (R.A. 6235)
Anti-Carnapping Act of 1972 .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (R.A. 6539)
Code of Conduct and Ethical Standards for
Public Officials and Employees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (R.A. 6713)
An Act to Declare Unlawful the Practice of Matching

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Filipino Women for Marriage to Foreign Nationals


on a Mail Order Basis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (R.A. 6955)
Anti-Plunder Act .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (R.A. 7080, as amended)

Witness Protection, Security and Benefit Act, April 24, 1991 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (RA No. 6981)
An Act Defining Certain Rights of Persons Arrested, Detained or Under Custodial
Investigation as Well as the Duties of the Arresting, Detaining and Investigating
Officers, and Providing Penalties Therefore .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (R.A. 7438)
Special Protection of Children Against Child Abuse,
Exploitation and Discrimination Act, as amended. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (R.A. 7610)
Anti-Electricity and Electric Tansmission Lines/Materials
Pilferage Act of 1994 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (R.A. 7832)
The Price Act . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (R.A. No. 7581as amended by R.A. No. 10623)
Anti-Sexual Harassment Act of 1995 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (R.A. 7877)
Migrant Workers and Overseas Filipinos Act of 1995
(Illegal Recruitment, Sec. 6) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (R.A. 8042)
Anti-Hazing Law . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (R.A. 8049)
Access Devices Regulation Act of 1998 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (R.A. 8484)
Anti-Money Laundering Act of 2001 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (R.A. 9160)
The Comprehensive Dangerous Drugs Act of 2002 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (R.A. 9165)
The New Public Bidding Law . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (R.A. 9184)
Anti-Trafficking in Persons Act of 2003 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (R.A. 9208)
Anti-Violence Against Women and Their Children Act of 2004 .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (R.A. 9262)
Juvenile Justice and Welfare Act of 2006 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (R.A. 9344)
Act Prohibiting the Imposition of Death Penalty in the Philippines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (R.A. 9346)
Human Security Act of 2007 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (R.A. 9372)
Anti-Red Tape Act of 2007 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (R.A. 9485)
Anti-Torture Act of 2009 .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (R.A. 9745)
Anti-Child Pornography Act of 2009 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (R.A. 9775)
Philippine Act on Crimes Against International Humanitarian Law,
Genocide, and Other Crimes Against Humanity .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (R.A. 9851)
Anti-Photo and Video Voyeurism Act of 2009 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (R.A. 9995)
Anti-Camcording Act of 2010 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (R.A. 10088)
An Act Defining Cybercrime, Providing for the Prevention,
Investigation, Suppression and the Imposition of
Penalties Therefor and for Other Purposes.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (R.A. 10175)
Anti-Enforced or Involuntary Disappearance Act of 2012 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (R.A. 10353)
An Act Penalizing Persons Driving under the Influence
of Alcohol, Dangerous Drugs, and Similar Substances,
and for Other Purposes
.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (R.A. 10586)
An Act Establishing a Comprehensive Juvenile Justice
and Welfare System, Creating the Juvenile justice
and Welfare Council under the Department of
Social Welfare and Development, Appropriating
Funds Therefor, and for Other Purposes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . (R.A. 10630)

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