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WORKBOOK

IN MATHEMATICS
VI
( First Quarter )

May Ester M. Rubio


Master Teacher I

CHAPTER ONE

Whole Numbers
Lesson No. 1 ..

Expression or Equation

Lesson No. 2

Base, Exponent and Power

Lesson No. 3.

Power

Lesson No. 4

Evaluating Expression

Lesson No. 5..

Two to Three Step Word


Problem Involving Whole Numbers

Lesson No. 1
EXPRESSION OR EQUATION
Expression it may consist of one number of more numbers with operation and
2

grouping symbols without the equals (=) symbol


Equation it may consist of numbers with operation and grouping symbols with equals
( -) symbol.

Identify which set is an expression and which set is an equation.


Set A
5147 + 75
1663
547 + (1 843 985 )

Set B
5 147 + 75 = 5 222
1 843 985 = 858
( 2 147 X 50 ) 50 = 2 147

PRACTICE
Directions: Write EX if it is an expression or EQ if it is an equation.
_____ 1. 82 X 4 + ( 28 7)
_____ 2. ( 9510 10 ) + ( 2 848 4 ) = N
_____ 3 . ( 2 147 X 50 ) 50
_____ 4. 5 202 X 4
_____ 5. 47 + 32 = 79
_____ 6. ( 1 X 3 ) + 8 = 12
_____ 7. 95 ( 2 + 5 )
_____ 8. ( 6 + 7 ) + ( 100 4 ) = 38
_____ 9. 9510 10
_____ 10. 305

Lesson No. 2
BASE, EXPONENT AND POWER
3

2 =8
BASE is the number that is multiplied repeatedly or the
factor
Exponent is a number written at the upper right hand of a
number. It tells the number of times the number
is multiplied by itself .
Power is the product obtained after multiplying a number
by itself as many times as indicated by its exponent

PRACTICE
Directions: Identify the base, exponent and the power
1)
2)
3)
4)
5)

Equation
5 = 25
72 = 49
24 = 16
( 4+5)2 = 81
(15 9)4 = 1296

Base

Exponent

Power

Exponent
2
3
2
5
3

Power
49
64
36
32
1000

MORE PRACTICE
Directions: Write the equation.
Equation
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Base
7
4
6
2
( 20 2 )

Lesson No. 3
POWER
4

To find the power, multiply the base by itself as many times as indicated by its
exponent.
Example

23 = 2 X 2 X 2
=

42 = 4 X 4

X2

16
6

PRACTICE
Directions: Find the power.
1. 36 = _____

6. ( 10 7 ) 2 = _____

2. 45 = _____

7. ( 9 5 ) 2 = _____

3. 210 = _____

8. 252 = _____

4. 112 = _____

9. 93 = _____

5. ( 3 + 4 ) 3 = _____

10. 54 = _____

MORE PRACTICE
Directions: Match column B to column A.
Column A

Column B

_____ 1. 1 024

a) 12 2

_____ 2. 125

b) ( 45 5 ) 3

_____ 3. 144

c) ( 2 + 2 ) 5

_____ 4. 1 000

d) ( 8 3 ) 3

_____ 5. 729

e) ( 2 X 5 ) 3

Lesson No. 4
EVALUATING EXPRESSION
5

To evaluate an expression means to find its value in the simplest form by


following the PEMDAS rule.

simplify the expression enclosed by the parenthesis ( ) or other grouping symbols


like the brace [ ] and the bracket { }

simplify the number with an exponent

perform the operation of multiplication

perform the operation of division

perform the operation of addition

perform the operation of subtraction

Example:
( 20 16 ) 2 +

10

(82)=

42

10

4X4

10

16

10

26

22

More Examples
Evaluate
1.

Solution

92 = N

9X9=

2. 2 + 33

81

2+(3X3X3)
2+

27

29

3. ( 5 1 ) 22

4(2X2)
4

4. 15 X 2 ( 32 3 )

15 X 2 [ ( 3 X 3 ) 3 ]
15 X 2 ( 9 3 )
6

15 X 2

30

5
PRACTICE
Directions: Evaluate the following expressions.
1. 24 = _____
2. 32 + 22 = _____
3. ( 45 8 ) + 42 = _____
4. 38 + 12 ( 42 + 12 ) = _____
5. 10 X 12 6 + 52 = _____

MORE PRACTICE
Directions: Evaluate the following expressions.
1. 28 2 + 7 32 = _____
2. 82 X 4 + ( 28 7 ) = _____
3. ( 69 12 ) + ( 83 47 ) 2 = _____
4. ( 150 75 ) 2 + ( 290 5 ) = _____
5. 5 X ( 13 7 )2 + [ ( 4 2 ) + 5 ] = _____
6. 43 + 34 52

= _____

7. ( 5 3 ) 3 + ( 2 1 ) 4 ( 4 2 ) 3 = _____
8. 6 + ( 12 5 ) 2 ( 9 3 ) 3 = _____
9. 18 X ( 15 9 ) 2 17 ( 9 5 ) 2 = _____
10. ( 516 412 ) ( 15 ) ( 45 36 ) 2 + ( 8 5 ) 3 = _____

HOMEWORK
7

Evaluate the following expressions. Follow the PEMDAS rule.


1. ( 47 321 + 27 385 ) x 21 6 = N
2. [ ( 96 000 + 282 000 ) 2 ] X 36 = N
3. 90 5 + ( 63 800 20 000 ) = N
4. ( 37 254 X 20 14 252 ) 2 = N
5. ( 85 200 + 9 250 ) X ( 47 243 8 198 ) = N

MIND ENHANCER
Change the following descriptions into numerical expressions then evaluate.
1. The second power of 10 plus 15
2. Fourteen cubed minus 28
3. The second power of the sum of 250 and 25
4. The difference between 1 000 and the third power of 10
5. The product of 12 and the third power of the quotient of 9 and 3
6. The square of the sum of 20 and 3
7. The product of 6 and 5 raised to the third power
8. The square of the quotient of 15 divided by 3
9. The sun of the square of 100 and the square of 10
10. The difference between the fourth power of 3 and 3 squared
11. The sun of 6 and 9 added to the difference of 19 and 16
12. Twice the difference of 15 and 11 subtracted from the product of 14 and 5
13. The quotient of 48 and 8 multiplied by the sum of 4 and 8
14. The difference of 114 and 86 divided by the difference of 56 and 49
15. Twice the sum of 8 and 9 subtracted from the product of 9 and 8

Lesson No. 5
Two Three Step Word Problems
8

Involving Whole Numbers

When solving word problems on whole numbers, use the RSTUVW Approach.
The letters stand for :
R Read the problem carefully
S Study the given facts
T Think of the operation/s to be used
U Use the operation/s to solve the problem
V Verify your answer
W Write your answer to the problem in a complete sentence

Example:

A five star hotel charges Php 38 000 a month from a foreigner who stays
in one unit of the hotel. If the foreigner stays in the hotel for two years, how much
should be charged from him ?

Now analyze the problem. Follow the RSTUVW Approach


Step 1 : Read the problem carefully.
Step 2 : Study the given facts.

Given :
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
________

Step 3 : Think of the operation/s

Operation/s:

To be used.

Step 4 : Use the operation/s


to solve the problem

_______________________________________
_______________________________________
________
Solve :
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
________

Step 5 : Verify your answer.

Use your calculator to check the answer.

Step 6 : Write the answer in


a complete answer

PRACTICE
Analyze and then solve the problems following the steps in the RSTUVW Approach.
1. Mother earns Php 38 000 less than fathers monthly salary. If father earns
Php 22 000 a month, how much is the combines salary of mother and father ?
2. James gives Php 12 000 to her mother every month. He has been giving this
amount for 18 months. If mother spends only Php 10 000 of James money and
saves the rest, how much would mother save after 18 months ?
3. The serial number of a bundle of Php 1 000 bills starts from MN 370003 and
ends at MN 370255. How much is the total amount of the bundle ?
4. Mr. Reyes bought 30 boxes of ponkan. Each box costs Php 200. If there are 50
pieces of ponkans per box, how much did Mr. Reyes earn from selling all the
ponkans at 3 for Php 25 ?
5. A house is rented at Php 2 500 a month. If a family rented it for 2 and a half
years, how much did they pay ?

MORE PRACTICE
Analyze and then solve the problems following the steps in the RSTUVW Approach.
1. A fisherman caught 134 kls of bangus, if a kilo cost Php 65.00 how much did he
sold if there are 29 kls left ?
2. Cyril took note of the scores of his five friends in a 100-item test in spelling. Raffy
scored 84; Louie, 88; Mac, 81; Bogie, 85; and Tony, 87. If Cyril scored 91; what
was the average score of the six boys ?
3. Mr. Hernandez paid Php 1, 720, 000 for a house and lot last year. This year he
sold it for Php 2, 488, 500. How much profit did he make after paying Php 18,
742 to the sales agent ?
4. The area of the Pacific Ocean is about 165 760 000 square kilometers ( km 2 )
and that of the Atlantic Ocean is about 82 400 000 km2. How much bigger is the
Pacific Ocean than the Atlantic Ocean ?

5. The reading on an electric meter for the month of September was 5 124 kWh.
The next month, the reading was 5 332 kWh. How much electricity was used ?
10

HOMEWORK
Analyze and then solve the problems following the steps in the RSTUVW Approach.
1. Nida took 36 pictures with her new camera. Four of the pictures were
overexposed and were not developed. If it cost Php 4 to print each picture, what
was the total cost of the pictures ?
2. A parking lot has 28 rows with 25 car spaces in each row. If 3 rows are removed
and used as a driveway, how many cars can be parked in the lot ?
3. Find Jennas average grade if her grades were 86, 89, 92, 94, 88, 93, 87, 90 and
91.
4. A university charges Php 136 tuition fee per unit in college. If Kate takes 21 units
and is given a discount of Php 278, how much should she pay ?
5. Eight parishes collected a total of Php 95 488 for the fire victims. What was the
average collection from each parish ?

11

CHAPTER TWO

DECIMALS
Lesson No. 1 ..

Visualizing and Renaming Decimals

Lesson No. 2

Place Value of Decimals

Lesson No. 3.

Reading and Writing Decimals

Lesson No. 4

Writing Decimals in Standard and


Expanded Notation

Lesson No. 5..

Comparing and Ordering Decimals

Lesson No. 6 .

Rounding Off Decimals Through Ten


Thousandths

Lesson No. 1

Visualizing and Renaming Decimals


12

Study the numbers inside the box. What are they ?

1.0

0.1

0.01

0.001

0.0001

0.10001

Lets visualize these decimals. Which figure represents 0.01 , 1.0 and 0.1.

a)

b)

c)

Decimal
writing tenths,
of ten parts of a unit.

fraction is just another way of


hundredths and other powers

1
10

= 0.1

1
100

= 0.01

- read as one hundredth

1
1 000

= 0.001

- read as one thousandth

1
10 000 =0.0001

- read as one- tenth

- read as one- ten thousandth

PRACTICE
Complete the table below.
Fractions

Decimal
13

Read as

1.

1
10

2.
Five - tenths
3.
0.8
4.

3
100

5.
0.08
6.
0.19
7.
Fifteen thousandths
8.
Twenty five thousandths
9.

125
1 000

10.
0.0120

MORE PRACTICE
Do you know the name of the spaceship used by Neil A. Armstrong, Edwin Aldrin
and Michael Collins during their flight to the moon called Apollo 11 ?
Find out the name of the spaceship by changing the fractions below into
decimals. After getting the answer, change it to its corresponding letter. Then form
those letters to know the name of the spaceship.
1. 15
100

4. 347
= _____

2. 24
100

1 000

= _____

= _____

182
10 000

= _____

= _____

6. 4 734
10 000

= _____

5.

3. 124
1000

7. 5 432
10 000

A = 0.24

R = 0.0182

U = 0.347

N = 0.4734

B = 0.04734

S = 0.15

V = 0.5432

T = 0.124
W = 0.05432

The spaceship used in Apollo 11 is ___________________________.

Lesson No. 2

Place Value of Decimals


14

= ___

Look at the figure and study the place value of decimals.

12.5682
Tenths
Hundredths
Thousandths
Ten thousandths
In a decimal, the value of the digits to the right of the decimal point is always less
than one. The value of a digit starts from tenths then hundredths, thousandths , tenthousandths , and so on.

PRACTICE
Identify the place value of the underlined digit.
1) 98.2035

= _________________

6) 32.8116

= ____________________

2) 5.3910

= _________________

7) 5.2

= ____________________

3) 6348.9045 = _________________

8) 62.3887

= ____________________

4) 1000.3857= _________________

9) 3.5276

= ____________________

5) 638.5294 = _________________

10) 6.3421

= ____________________

MORE PRACTICE
Identify the place value of the number three digit in the following expressions.
1) 8.314 ____________________

6) 1.5283 ________________________

2) 295.6378 _________________

7) 58.4385 _______________________

3) 125.9563 ________________

8) 98.7635 _______________________

4) 85.6372 _________________

9) 18.347 ________________________

5) 1.5234 __________________

10) 11.03 ________________________

HOMEWORK
15

Identify the place value of the underlined digit.


1) 267.249

6) 725 703.825 2

2) 1 388.561 3

7) 2 140.725 3

3) 39 347.06

8) 65.182 9

4) 811 329.502 6

9) 52 385.042 1

5) 15 347.403 9

10) 629.315 6

Lesson No. 3

Reading and Writing Decimals


16

The decimal fraction has a value that is always less than one. Let us examine the
value of each digit in this number.

Ten
Thousands

Thousands

hundreds

tens

ones

tenths

hundredths

thousandths

Ten
thousandths

9
1 000

6
10 000

Whole Number
Decimal point

4
10

3
100

Decimal Fraction
Note that as we go to the right, the value of the digit becomes smaller.
Lets read more decimals.
Decimal
5.2058
3.0035
4.0005
0.3002

read as
Five and two thousand fifty-eight ten thousandths
Three and thirty-five ten thousandths
Four and five ten thousandths
Three thousand two ten thousandths

PRACTICE
Write in words the decimal numbers below.
1) 12.5438_____________________________________________________________
2) 40.0538_____________________________________________________________
3) 19.0054_____________________________________________________________
4) 254.0309____________________________________________________________
5) 143.2800____________________________________________________________
6) 15.29 _______________________________________________________________
7) .006 ________________________________________________________________
8) 85.3000 _____________________________________________________________
9) 52.33781 ____________________________________________________________
10) 5.00005 ____________________________________________________________

MORE PRACTICE
Write these words in symbols.
17

1.Five hundred two and two ten-thousandths _____________________________


2. three and forty-five ten-thousandths __________________________________
3. twenty two and one hundred fifteen ten-thousandths ____________________
4. four and five hundred forty-two ten-thousandths_________________________
5. eight ten thousandths _____________________________________________
6. eleven and thirteen ten-thousandths _________________________________
7. one hundred forty and seventeen thousandths __________________________
8. five hundred six and seven hundred eight thousandths ____________________
9. one thousand four and five hundred eight thousandths _____________________
10. eight hundred one and eighteen ten-thousandths ________________________
11. one thousand thirty-seven ten thousandths _____________________________
12. sixty-four and one hundred forty-six thousandths ________________________
13. four thousand five and six thousand one ten thousandths __________________
14. twenty-seven and seven hundred two thousandths _______________________
15. sixteen and seven thousand forty-eight ten thousandths ___________________

HOMEWORK
Write the decimals for these fractions then write in words how you read them.
1) 5
10 000

Read: _____________________________________________________
Write: _____________________________________________________

2)

52
10 000

Read: _____________________________________________________
Write: _____________________________________________________

3)

143
10 000

Read: ______________________________________________________
Write: ______________________________________________________

4) 2048
10 000

Read: ______________________________________________________
Write: ______________________________________________________

5) 1 002
10 000

Read: ______________________________________________________
Write: ______________________________________________________

Lesson No. 4
Writing Decimals in Standard and Expanded Notations
18

Study how the decimals written in standard notation can be written in expanded
notation.
Standard Notation
1) 87.97

Expanded Notation
8 X 101 + 7 X 100 + 9 X 10-1 + 7 X 10-2
where:
8 X 101 = 80
7 X 100 = 7
9 X 10-1 = .9
7 X 10-2 = .07

2) 265.256

2 X 102 + 6 X 101 + 5 X 100 + 2 X 10-1 + 5 X 10-2 +6


X 10-3
Where:
2 X 102 = 200
6 X 101 = 60
5 X 100 = 5
2 X 10-1 = .2
5 X 10-2 = .05
6 X 10-3 = .006

PRACTICE
Write the following decimals in expanded notation.
1) 47.8234 = __________________________________________________________
2) 108.9672 = __________________________________________________________
3) 347.8371 = __________________________________________________________
4) 638.2439 = __________________________________________________________
5) 901.4318 = __________________________________________________________
6) 1 892.7325 = ________________________________________________________
7) 6 934.8253 = ________________________________________________________
8) 9 849.4772 = ________________________________________________________
9) 89 415.3473 = _______________________________________________________
10) 183 219.1827 = _____________________________________________________

MORE PRACTICE
Write these decimals written in words in their standard and expanded notations.
Decimals in Words

Standard Notation

1) eight ten thousandths


19

Expanded Notation

2) twenty-three ten
thousandths

3) one hundred two ten


thousandths

4) one and seven hundred


eighteen ten thousandths

5) forty-five and ninetyseven ten thousandths

6) nineteen and ninety ten


thousandths

7) sixty-two and twenty-six


ten thousandths

8) ninety-four and one


thousand eight ten
thousandths

9) one hundred four and


fifty-six thousandths

10) four hundred seventeen


and ninety-five ten
thousandths

HOMEWORK
Write the following in expanded notation.
1) 125.698

4) 6.3840

2) 6 284.08

5) 8 230.239 5

3) 64 238.1658

Lesson No. 5

Comparing and Ordering Decimals


20

In the decimal 11.86 which has a larger place value, the digit 8 or 6 ? Study the
figure below to find the answer.

The shaded part is 8


10
The dotted part is 6
100
Now, can you tell

or 0.8
or 0.06.
which is bigger, 0.8 or 0.06 ?

______________________________

Study more examples on how to compare decimals.


1) 4.9 > 4.09 > 4.009 > 4.0009
2) 1.1273 < 1.1274 < 1.1275 < 1.1276
3) 1.1 = 1.10 = 1.100 = 1.1000

PRACTICE
A. Compare the decimals by writing > , < or =.
1) 14.07 _____ 14.17

6) 102.135 _____ 102.035

2) 1.1273 _____ 1.1274

7) 1.008 _____ 1.08

3) 843.010 _____ 843.0100

8) 19.354 _____ 19.35400

4) 5.09 _____ 5.0009

9) 20.2000 _____ 20.20

5) 10.600 _____ 10.601

10) 09.10 _____ 9.1

B. Arrange the given decimals from greatest to least.


1.238

2.476

8.983

21 1.2

2.4760

1)
2)

9.002

8.102

9.200

8.0102

8.1

3)

12.0001

12.0010

12.0100

12.1000

12.1

25.1235

25.2235

25.0125

25.1

25.123

40.05

40.04

40.041

40.055

40.045

4)
5)

MORE PRACTICE
A. Compare these decimals by writing < , > or = in the blank.
1) 0.162 _____ 0.106
2) 0.036 _____ 0.031
3) 0.4

_____ 0.40

4) 3.53 _____ 3.59


5) 7.01 _____ 7.103
6) 0.61 _____ 0.601
7) 9.2

_____ 9.200

8) 10.021 _____ 0.045


9) 0.7562 _____ 0.7559
10) 8.627 _____ 8.649

B. Order the decimals from the least to the greatest.


1) 0.5

0.49

0.53

0.51

2) 0.03

0.029

0.3

0.305 __________________________________

3) 1.237

1.273

1.027

1.230 __________________________________

4) 7.0

7.326

7.3

7.320 __________________________________

0.011

0.0019 __________________________________

5) 0.0101 0.0099

__________________________________

HOMEWORK
A. Compare these decimals by writing < , > or = in the blank.
22

1) 0.008 _____ 0.0009


2) 0.19321 _____ 0.19231
3) 0.0019 _____ 0.0002
4) 12.7 _____ 12.7000
5) 0.999 _____ 0.99
6) 0.1 _____ 0.01
7) 0.2 _____ 0.02
8) 0.03 _____ 0.04
9) 0.21 _____ 0.021
10) 0.003 _____ 0.0003

B. Order the decimals from the least to the greatest.


1) 0.07

0.64

0.73

0.7

____________________________________

2) 0.45

0.405

0.5

0.54

____________________________________

3) 0.031

0.301

0.310 0.03

____________________________________

4) 1.628

1.476

1.528 2.025 ____________________________________

5) 4.285

4.258

4.396 4.187 ____________________________________

Lesson No. 6

Rounding Off Decimals Through Ten Thousandths


23

Here are the rules in rounding off decimals.


1) If the nearest digit at the right of the digit to be rounded off is 5 or above, add 1 to
the digit to be rounded off and drop all the other digits to its right.
2) If the nearest digit at the right of the digit to be rounded off is 4 and below retain
the digit to be rounded off and drop all the digits at the right of the digit to be
rounded off.
Here are examples
Rounded to the Nearest
Number
2.01234
5.12344
3.43211
7.56789
8.98765

tenths

hundredths

thousandths

Ten thousandths

2.0
5.1
3.4
7.6
9.0

2.01
5.12
3.43
7.57
8.99

2.012
5.123
3.432
7.568
8.988

2.0123
5.1234
3.4321
7.5679
8.9877

PRACTICE
Complete the table below.
Rounded to the Nearest
Number
1) 4.381576
2) 2.914325
3) 3.435438
4) 9.023542
5) 10.020387
6) 15.354032
7) 18.439002
8) 20.354389
9) 25.030105
10) 30.438298

tenths

hundredths

MORE PRACTICE
A. Round off the following decimals to the nearest tenth.
1) 13.726 4

_____________________

2) 280.094 7

_____________________

3) 311.150 0

_____________________

4) 526.949 8

_____________________

5) 419.899 1

_____________________

6) 2 114.981

_______________________

7) 3 760.075 1

_______________________

8) 825.346 7

_______________________

9) 4 008.019 9

_______________________
24

thousandths

Ten thousandths

10) 15 903.158 2

_______________________

B. Round off the above decimals to the nearest hundredth.


1) __________________________

6) _________________________

2) __________________________

7) _________________________

3) __________________________

8) _________________________

4) __________________________

9) _________________________

5) __________________________

10) ________________________

HOMEWORK
Complete the chart.
Number

Whole
Number

Tenth

Round off to the nearest


Hundredth
Thousandth

1) 4.237 69
2) 28.912 47
3) 88.004 56
4) 92.308 47
5) 108.206 39
6) 207.159 53
7) 398.204 18
8) 562.555 55
9) 712.897 64
10) 899.125 30

25

Ten
Thousandth

CHAPTER THREE

Addition and Subtraction of


Decimals
Lesson No. 1 ..

Estimate Sums and Differences of


Whole Numbers and Decimals

Lesson No. 2

Addition and Subtraction of


Decimals

Lesson No. 3.

Addition and Subtraction of Mixed


Decimals

Lesson No. 4...

Problem Solving Involving Addition


and Subtraction of Decimals

Lesson No. 1

ESTIMATE SUMS AND DIFFERENCES OF WHOLE


NUMBERS AND DECIMALS
26

Study how to estimate the sum of my money in the bank to the nearest hundredths.
Initial deposit
Additional deposit

P 15 278 . 4386
253 . 2500

= P 15 278 . 44
=

________________________________

253 . 25
__________________________

P 15 531 . 69
Study how to estimate the sum to the nearest tenths.
Initial deposit
Additional deposit

P 15 278 . 4386
253 . 25

= P 15 278 . 40
=

________________________________

253 . 30
__________________________

P 15 531 . 70
Study how to estimate the sum to the nearest ones.
Initial deposit
Additional deposit

P 15 278 . 4386
253 . 25

= P 15 278 . 00
=

________________________________

253 . 00
__________________________

P 15 531 . 00
When estimating sums and differences, round off the given numbers
first to the desired place value.
PRACTICE
Estimate the sum and difference to the indicated place value.
Given
1) 24.84397
+ 123.29824

Ones

2) 476.19438
+ 1 937.99825
3) 143.25376
+ 22.14398
4) 6 725.58354
+ 1 276.52145
5) 10 478.08238
+ 11 725.97438
6)

473.8279
- 121.2781

7) 921.8198
- 141.3124
8) 1 763.9254
651.9835
9) 4 381.1494
- 1 211.9999
10) 14 738.9154
- 1 488.1815
27

Tenths

MORE PRACTICE
Estimate the sum and difference to the indicated place value.
1)

Given
10 478.08238
+ 11 725.97438

Ones

Tenths

2) 63.1345
+ 94.76315
3) 51.048
+ 36.78904
4) 6 391.4132
+ 3 955.84761
5) 86 325.147
+ 75 431.85623
6) 24.4812
- 18.5769
7) 286.5718
- 269.7923
8) 42 800.1443
- 39 765.2576
9) 391 865.4579
- 287 648.3651
10) 82 101.63578
- 79 143.54651

Lesson No. 2

Addition and Subtraction of DECIMALS


28

In adding or subtracting decimals, remember to align the decimal points.


To add or subtract, follow the process of adding or subtracting whole numbers.
Example:
0.5 + 0.687 + 0.16 + 0.8932 = n

0 . 8 0 0 0 ------- insert 3 zeros


0 . 6 8 7 0 ------- insert 1 zero
+

0 . 1 6 0 0 ------- insert 2 zeros


0.8932
2.5402

Example:
0.5 -0.2873=n

0 . 5 0 0 0 ----- insert 3 zeros


-

0.2873
0.2127

PRACTICE
A. Add or subtract.
1) 0.38 + 0.47 = n

6) 0.23 0.16 = n

2) 0.412 + 0.638 = n

7) 0.97 0.178 = n

3) 0.529 + 0.646 = n

8) 0.232 0.046 = n

4) 0.4129 + 0.4738 = n

9) 0.76 0.057 = n

5) 0.284 + 0.325 = n

10) 0. 200 0.099 = n

B. Arrange the numbers vertically then add or subtract.


1) 0.048 + 0.027 + 0.049
2) 0.78 + 0.3621 + 0.691 + 0.3
3) 0.349 + 0.7005 + 0.2421 + 0.8 + 0.32
4) 0.45 0.2185
5) 0.83 0.52983

C. Arrange the numbers vertically then subtract.


1) 0.203 0.16

6) 5.7 3.276

2) 0.133 0.0857

7) 6
29

- 4.767

3) 0.9 0.41078

8) 9.0 4.73

4) 6.4 4.32

9) 3.4 1.26

5) 8.27 4.163

10) 47.6 9.06

MORE PRACTICE
A. Add or subtract the following.
1) 0.8756 + 0.6872

11) 0.9265 0.7157

2) 0.7393+ 0.1877

12) 0.2457 0.2349

3) 0.3576 + 0.8546

13) 0.8765 0.5678

4) 0.2917 + +0.6358

14) 0.1542 0.1435

5) 0.6483 + 0.2529

15) 0.5937 0.3788

6) 0.5365 + 0.7325

16) 0.6911 0.3695

7) 0.5176 + 0.4958

17) 0.3276 0.1178

8) 0.3985 + 0.6358

18) 0.3361 0.1163

9) 0.3961 + 0.5559

19) 0.1473 0.1437

10) 0.3758 + 0.5898

20) 0.9154 0.2515

B. Add or subtract the following.

1) 0.3749

2) 0.6085

3) 0.7583

+ 0.4572

+ 0.3937

4) 0.5056

5) 0.3835

0.3935

6) 0.9651

7) 0.8570

0.5237

0.5356
30

0.2658

0.2786

8) 0.6593
- 0.3247

9) 0.5635
-

10) 0.7651

0.1418

0.4239

HOMEWORK
Find the sum or difference.
1) 0.684
+ 0.295

5) 0.84
+ 0.8056

9) 0.6
- 0.1858

2) 0.83
+ 0.567

6) 0.84
- 0.6358

3) 0.73
+ 0.3073

7) 0.540
- 0.2365

4)

0.9002

+ 0.8634

8) 0.3
- 0.076

10) 0.9702
-

0.1694

Lesson No. 3

Addition and Subtraction of Mixed Decimals


A. Addition or subtraction of whole numbers and decimals.
31

Add 851 and 0.325

8 5 1. 0 0 0 ---- insert 3 zeros


+

0. 3 2 5
8 5 1. 3 2 5

Subtract 0.61 from 12

1 2.0 0
-

.61
1 1.3 9

B. Addition or subtraction of mixed decimals


In adding and subtracting mixed decimals, remember to align the decimal points
and regroup when necessary.

PRACTICE
A Find the sum.
1) 38.07 + 2 = _____
2) 9.721 + 0.015 = _____
3) 9.4 + 11.2 + 8.75 = _____
4) 3.21 + 1.7 +6 + 3.749 = _____
5) 21.7 + 10.05 + 6.3 + 0.43 = _____
6) 453.029 + 319.84 + 95.23 = _____
7) 24.640 3 + 9.408 + 36.3 = _____
8) 16.52 + 4.311 + 8.591 + 8.846 = _____
9) 317.48 + 46.238 9 + 445 + 39.482 2 = _____
10) 143.217 + 9.45 + 307.020 + 258.726 = _____
11) 29.18 0.12 = _____
12) 8 7.256 1 = _____

13) 254.604 38 = _____


14) 342.16 79.7 = _____
15) 715.08 546.9 = _____
16) 237.2 84.317 = _____
17) 363 4.281 = _____
32

18) 157.546 148.347 = _____


19) 354.36 93.208 6 = _____
20) 1.000 43 0.065 18 = _____

B. Add or subtract these mixed decimals.


1) 82.4385

2) 5.435

3) 637.4

4) 82.19

+ 65.9685

+ 6.762

+ 389.85

+ 45.02

48.3914

5) 43.16
+

9.9

3.84

6) 891.7
+ 188.43

16.432

9) 2.893
- 1.8432

13) 9.36
- 7.1316

781.432

7) 38.6709
+

870.108

10) 523.4
-

79.329

14) 15.84
- 12.635

.4388

8.9

8) 15.84
+ 1.467

5.67

87.432

11) 392

12) 3.806

82.685

- 1.481

15) 324.5
- 168.95

MORE PRACTICE
Add and subtract these decimals.
1) 14.39847

2) 38.217601

3) 7.38254

4) 9.76582

+35.10121

+31.421354

+2.10300

+ 3.20000

6) 9.36782

7) 18.25835

8) 67.43284

+ 4.13299

+ 21.23149

+ 39.00355

5) 8.2
+ 5.73824

33

9) 25.49003

10) 189.2542

11) 62.35

+89.25405

+ 352.53589

+ 84.23617

13) 25.29685

14) 187.38415

15) 128.39084

+ 60.0362

17) 35.17849

100.06398

+ 657.67604

18) 245.65085

19) 63.385268

+ 34.067581

21) 4.38295
-

22.14398

30) 63.9
-

1.8345

34) 639.1432

3.6789

37) 78.5682
-

26) 143.25376

12.41254

33) 8.5104
-

- 24.317101

61.32248

29) 243.82
-

22) 43.438251

2.14174

25) 76.43479
-

+ 334.409574

- 395.5548

38) 40.208

69.47931

- 24.9564

+169.871834

23) 87.43825
-

174.12432

31) 32.56878
-

+ 69.56376

16) 256.7834
+

17.45986

35) 68.235
- 59.3596

39) 568.391
- 487.45881

50.76

20) 761.16658
+

88.08288

24) 83.70385

21.21432

27) 176.34321
-

12) 87.218

- 44.28

28) 1 276.35439
-

192.19999

32) 435.631
-

315.9476

36) 824.31
- 487.6529

40) 735.38
- 187.93345

HOMEWORK
A. Add the following.

B. Subtract the following

1) 7.6458 + 2.4936 =

1) 47.0143 - 19.2336 =
34

2) 38.256 + 27.967 =

2) 26.9206 - 9.8769 =

3) 48.7435 + 21.6950 =

3) 8.0008 - 5.4569 =

4) 15.614 + 7.9965 =

4) 10.9200 - 4.7513 =

5) 26.4579 + 48.9536 =

5) 35.4070 - 16.2135 =

6) 7.9192 + 4.1918 =

6) 58.0675 - 52.3679 =

7) 3.7586 + 2.5965=

7) 7.6000 - 3.5947 =

8) 54.6059 + 17.5064 =

8) 19.2143 - 13.3465 =

9) 76.5432 + 12.3654 =

9) 22.190 - 18.621 =

10) 89.765 + 5.438 =

10) 74.6401 - 29.8536 =

11) 57.6854 + 38.7543 =

11) 63.5397 - 30.7499 =

12) 67.8925 + 5.0308 =

12) 36.0070

13) 6.9786 +

13) 89.3005 - 59.7869 =

2.6143 =

- 23.2159 =

14) 68.0645 + 45.6321 =

14) 90.2763 - 44.6875 =

15) 34.1625 + 15.0809 =

15) 76.0000 - 67.8721 =

Lesson No. 4

Word Problems Involving Decimals


Problem No. 1
35
If mothers money of P 102 130.53 earned an interest of P 617.04 on November
30, how much is her balance on that date after it was deducted P 123.41 for the tax ?

Let us analyze the problem together using the RSTUVW Approach.


Problem: Mothers balance on
November 30.

Read and analyze the problem carefully

Given:
P 102 130.53
P 617.04

Study the details of the problem.

Think of the operation or the process


to be used.

P 123.41

Addition and Subtraction


Solution:
P 102 130.53
+
617.04
P 102 747.57

Use the operation or the process


thought of to answer the problem.

P 102 747.57
123.41
102 624.16

Use the calculator to verify your


answer.

Verify the accuracy of the answer.

Mother has a remaining balance of


P 102 624.16 in the bank on Nov. 30

Write the final answer to the problem.

PRACTICE
Answer the word problems.
1) During a vacation, Bens records showed gasoline purchases of 19.75 gallons , 15.4
gallons, 13.85 gallons and 21.06 gallons. How many gallons of gasoline did he buy ?
Asked: _____________________________________________________________
Given : ____________________________________________________________

Operation: __________________________________________________________
Number Sentence: ___________________________________________________
Answer: ____________________________________________________________

36

2) The perimeter of a triangle is equal to the sum of the length of its sides. Find the
perimeter of a triangle whose sides are 8.75 cm, 9.6 cm and 10.375 cm.
Asked: ___________________________________________________________
Given: ___________________________________________________________
Operation : ________________________________________________________
Number Sentence: _________________________________________________
Answer: __________________________________________________________

3) Rachel has P 3 316.40 in her savings account. If she made withdrawals of P 285.00,
P 472.46 and P 1 042.25, how much money is left in her account ?
Asked: _____________________________________________________________
Given: _____________________________________________________________
Operation: __________________________________________________________
Number Sentence: ___________________________________________________
Answer: ___________________________________________________________

4) One week a jogger ran the following distances : 15.3 km , 18.75 km , 19 km , 21.5 km
,25.375 km and 30.25 km. If his weekly average is 150 km, did he run less or more ?
Answer: ______________________________________________________________

5) Romeo has P 20 000 in available credit on his Visa charge card. If she purchases a
portable CD player for P 8 139.55, a boom box for P 399.95 and two way speakers
for P 3 425.05, how much available credit does she have left ?
Asked: _____________________________________________________________
Given: ______________________________________________________________
Operation: ___________________________________________________________
Number Sentence: ____________________________________________________
Answer: _____________________________________________________________

37

MORE PRACTICE
Analyze and solve the problems below. Choose the letter of the correct answer.
1) Two tourists traveled a total of 6 102.67 km during a tour. If they traveled 3 713.79
km by airplane and completed the rest of the tour by car, how many kilometers did
they travel by car ?
A) 9816.46 km

B) 98164.6 km

C) 2388.88 km

D) 238.888 km

2) What is the perimeter of a triangle whose sides measure 27.15 cm, 36.8 cm and 39
cm ?
A) 102.95 cm

B) 1029.5 cm

C) 38965.68 cm

D) 3896.568 cm

3) Mrs. Sta. Agueda spent the following amounts while shopping for her children: P
246.75 for an umbrella, P384.95 for a pair of shoes, P306.25 for a bag and P 311.10
for some small items.If she initially had P 1 500.00, how much money does she have
now ?
A) P 1 249.05

B) P 250.95

C) P 2 749.05

D) P 562.05

4) A barangay has a total road length of 184.75 km. If 99.54 km of this road had been
paved by the previous administration and 36.8 km by the present administration, how
much more remains to be paved ?
A) 321.09 km

B) 173.14 km

C) 136.34 km

D) 48.41 km

5) Rosa wanted to give her mother a Bible which costs P 195.75 but she has saved
P 150.00 only. If her older sister gives her P 30.00 more, would Rosa be able to buy
the Bible ?
A) YES

B) NO

C) MAYBE

D) CANNOT SAY

6) Junjun bought a backpack for P 165.50, notebooks for P 55.75 and other school
things for P 68.60. How much change should he get from P 500 ?
A) P 210.15

B) P 289.85

C) P 789.85
38

D) P 289.05

7) A triangle has sides that measure 26.718 m and 28.6 m. If its perimeter is 85.608 m,
what is the measure of the third side ?
A) 55.318 m

B) 678.5268 m

C) 30.29 m

D) 64.62 m

8) Mac had two baggage that weighed 20.75 kg and 13.8 kg. The airplane he would
take allowed only 30 kg of baggage per person. By how much were his baggage
overweight ?
A) 6.95 kg

B) 4.55 kg

C) 64.55 kg

D) 34.55 kg

9) Jill bought a kilo of rice at P 21.50 and 2.5 kg of sugar at P 55.90. How much change
should she get from P 100.00 ?
A) P 77.40

B) P 20.10

C) P 22.37

D) P 22.60

10) Lucille paid P 98.95 for a book, P 65.90 for a ream of bond paper, P 256.90 for a
pen set, and P 179.75 for a drawing set. How much change should she get if she
gave the salesclerk P 650 ?
A) P 601.50

B) P 1 201.50

C) P 48.50

D) P 327.20

HOMEWORK
1) How much should the following pay for their orders ?
Mc Jays Native Kakanin
kutsinta

P 7.75

banana cue

P 5.30

coffee

P 11.25

puto

P 4.50

soft drink

P 9.50

milk

P 10.75

suman

P 5.25

tea

P 10.85

A) Rafael 2 kutsinta, tea


B) Tedjoy 1 suman, soft drink
C) Macky 2 banana cue, milk
D) Bernie 3 puto, coffee
39

E) Dawn 3 kutsinta, coffee

2) This year, a school parade was 4.06 km. Last year, the route was 3.97 km. How
much shorter was the parade last year ?

3) Edna saved P 0.95 on Friday and P 0.87 on Saturday. How much did Edna save in
two days ?

4) Father gave mother five hundred peso bill for marketing. Mother spent P 112.50 for
rice and P 161.75 for fish and meat. How much was left of the five hundred pesos ?

5) Aubrey had P 86.70 in savings. Her mom gave her P 50.00 more. After buying
materials for her project she had P 26.75 left. How much did the material cost ?

CHAPTER FOUR
40

Multiplying Decimals
Lesson No. 1 ..

Multiplying Decimals

Lesson No. 2

Multiplying Mixed Decimals by


Whole Numbers

Lesson No. 3.

Multiplying Mixed Decimals by Mixed


Decimals

Lesson No. 4

Multiplying Decimals by 10, 100 and


1 000

Lesson No. 5..

Multiplying Decimals by 0.1 , 0.01


and 0.001

Lesson No. 6 .

Problem Solving Involving


Multiplication of Decimals

Lesson No. 1

Multiplying Decimals Through Ten Thousandths


41

An easy way of multiplying decimals is to multiply the factors as if they are whole
numbers. Then count the number of decimal places of the factors and the total is the
number of the decimal places in the product.
Here is an example of multiplying decimals :

.45

2 decimal places

X .38

2 decimal places

360
135
0. 1 7 1 0

4 decimal places

PRACTICE
Multiply these.
1) 0.83

2) 0.38

3) 0.23

4) 0.49

0.7

0.2

0.3

6) 0.374

7) 0.827

8) 0.395

0.9

11) 0.9855
X

0.8

0.8

12) 0.8246
X

0.3

0.8

9) 0.826

0.6

13) 0.2796
X

5) 0.54

0.4

0.4

0.4

10) 0.934
X

0.2

14) 0.9288

15) 0.2541

0.6

0.7

16) 0.64

17) 0.35

18) 0.89

19) 0.75

20) 0.27

X 0.84

X 0.78

X 0.26

X 0.98

X 0.61

21) 0.583
X

0.15

26) 0.1257

22) 0.614

23) 0.279

24) 0.428

25) 0.549

X 0.34

X 0.25

X 0.84

X 0.62

27) 0.8249

28) 0.3277
42

29) 0.3641

30) 0.9421

0.42

0.82

31) 0.95

32) 0.65

0.218

0.79

33) 0.41

0.32

34) 0.78

0.54

35) 0.64

0.279

X 0.824

X 0.527

X 0.348

36) 0.826

37) 0.729

38) 0.342

39) 0.518

40) 0.394

X 0.349

X 0.378

41) 0.8942

42) 0.6499

43) 0.4782

44) 0.5297

45) 0.5279

0.984

0.824

0.961

0.341

0.824

0.671

0.964

0.946

46) 0.2846

47) 0.9277

48) 0.6382

49) 0.8266

50) 0.8394

X 0.8247

X 0.9352

X 0.8645

X 0.3213

X 0.6152

MORE PRACTICE
Multiply the following decimals.
1) 0.23

2) 0.59

3) 0.89

4) 0.91

5) 0.57

X 0.08

X 0.06

X 0.05

X 0.07

X 0.09

6) 0.17

7) 0.97

8) 0.64

9) 0.63

10) 0.58

X 0.84

X 0.31

X 0.87

X 0.42

X 0.46

11) 0.589
X

0.37

11) 0.641
X

0.507

16) 0.8441

12) 0.284
X

0.45

13) 0.349
X

14) 0.389

0.37

0.21

15) 0.642
X 0.96

12) 0.272

13) 0.645

14) 0.542

15) 0.319

X 0.219

X 0.197

X 0.342

X 0.247

17) 0.5186

18) 0.1224

19) 0.2135

43

20) 0.2187

0.2184

X 0.2581

X 0.8156

0.2415

X 0.5318

HOMEWORK
Multiply the following decimals.
1) 0.32

2) 0.826

3) 0.9578

4) 0.3527

5) 0.1852

X 0.5

X 0.27

X 0.824

X 0.2759

0.52

Lesson No. 2

Multiplying Mixed Decimals by Whole Number


44

Here is an example of multiplying mixed decimals by a whole number.

3 . 2 4 ( two decimal places )


X

1 6.2 0 ( two decimal places )


An easy way of multiplying decimals is to multiply the factors as if they are whole
numbers. Then count the number of decimal places of the factors and the total is the
number of decimal places in the product.
PRACTICE
Multiply the following.
1) 4.24
X

2) 7.84

6) 9.236
X

4) 8.29

5) 5.17

7) 2.743

12

3) 3.65

54

9) 6.893

10)5.398

28

12) 7.9503

13) 1.4187

16) 6.3702

17) 5.5921

52

91

14) 3.2346
X

18) 2.9150

34

8) 1.615

11) 8.0165
6

15) 4.7860

19) 8.0703

14

72

20) 4.1658

37

69

MORE PRACTICE
Multiply the following.
1) 1.38

2) 2.67

3) 35.08

4) 35.08

5) 14.34

18

6) 45.379

7) 41.327

23

8) 35.633

71

9) 83.621
45

35

10) 52.674

85

96

11) 6.3278

12) 2.3975

16) 351.2895
X

27

13) 6.8214

17) 234.1822
X

18) 159.3164
X

33

94

14) 5.2288

15) 6.3419

19) 321.2854
X

20) 217.3189
X

HOMEWORK
Multiply the following.
1) 2.89

2) 3.84

3) 6.33

4) 7.28

5) 9.31

6) 12.567

7) 34.285

8) 51.611

9) 57.319

10) 61.379

11) 3.2894

12) 6.8279

13) 5.2377

14) 9.1622

15) 3.7755

21

34

52

97

68

Lesson No. 3

Multiplying Mixed Decimals by Mixed Decimals


Study the example below.

46

23.68

( 2 decimal places )

X 3.1

( 1 decimal place )

23 68
71 04
73.408

( 3 decimal places )

PRACTICE
Multiply the following.
1) 2.7

2) 3.8

3) 9.4

4) 3.1

5) 5.7

X 2.4

X 6.1

X 1.1

X 6.7

X 9.2

6) 3.65

7) 6.28

8) 9.27

9) 3.71

10) 5.61

X 7.1

X 8.4

X 5.4

5.2

11) 32.891
X

5.21

16) 63.2189
X

6.2

12) 52.894
X

6.21

17) 63.2877
X

1.55

6.3

13) 63.821

14) 54.375

5.37

15) 61.975

8.74

6.25

18)95.2118

19)58.3122

20) 14.2975

3.218

MORE PRACTICE
Multiply the following.
47

7.9

6.34

1) 3.8

2) 9.8

3) 4.7

4) 6.7

5) 3.1

X 2.8

X 6.7

X 5.9

X 8.1

X 7.2

6) 6.34

7) 8.19

8) 9.27

9) 8.63

10) 9.34

6.4

11) 8.52

7.5

9.4

4.2

6.5

12) 6.34

13) 7.88

14) 4.22

15) 9.12

X 2.54

X 1.94

X 7.54

X 9.35

16) 7.254

17) 6.934

18) 4.213

19) 9.212

20) 2.643

6.21

5.62

3.21

X 3.96

6.24

21) 3.5218

22) 6.3124

23) 8.2941

3.8

5.21

5.11

24) 6.3227 25) 6.2174

5.46

6.315

6.41

HOMEWORK
Multiply the following.
1) 6.9

2) 9.234

3) 6.2491

4) 57.82

X 2.8

2.5

1.56

8.7

5) 22.143
X

6) 6.9724

7) 5.61

8) 6.41

9) 621.34

3.21

3.1

9.2

6.94

6.4

10) 521.8216
X

7.9

Lesson No. 4

Multiplying Decimals by 10, 100 and 1 000


Study the following examples:
A

B
48

0.8 X 10 = 8
0.34 X 10 = 3.4
0.215 X 10 = 2.15
0.5432 X 10 = 5.432

0.8 X 100 = 80
0.34 X 100 = 34
0.215 X 100 = 21.5
0.5432 X 100 = 54.32

0.8 X 1 000 = 800


0.34 X 1 000 = 340
0.215 X 1 000 = 215
0.5432 X 1 000 = 543.2

Now, can you give a short cut for multiplying a decimal number by number like
10, 100 and 1 000 ?
Multiplying decimals by 10 , 100 and 1 000 makes a greater number, so move
the decimal point to the right.
When multiplying decimals by powers of 10, move the decimal point to the right
as many places as there are zeros in the multiplier. Add zero or zeros when needed.

PRACTICE
Complete the table.
Decimal
X 10
X 100
1) 0.934
2) 0.54
3) 0.076
4) 3.248
5) 73.6489
6) 676.5498
7) 835.967
8) 1245.38675
9) 2106.2776
10) 6790.28345
Complete the table below by supplying the product of the given factors.

X 1 000

Decimal
1) 213.049
2) 235.135
3) 841.209
4) 732.143
5) 123.4561
6) 234.5674
7) 892.0203
8) 412.0532
9) 925.2145
10) 373.8214

X 1 000

X 10

X 100

MORE PRACTICE
Multiply the following.
1) 0.386

2) 0.86

3) 0.36

4) 0.473

X 100

X 1000

X 1000

10

49

5) 0.496
X

10

6) 0.85

7) 0.7

8) 0.512

9) 0.93

X 1000

X 1000

X 100

11) 0.289

12) 0.009

13) 0.23

X 1000

X 1000

17) 0.871

18) 0.004

19) 0.70

X 1000

X 1000

X 100

1000

16) 0.39
X

1000

100

14) 0.956
X

100

10) 0.51
X

10

15) 0.365
X

10

20) 0.603
X

10

Multiply these orally.


1) 0.826 x 10 = _____

0.826 X 100 = _____

0.826 X 1000 = _____

2) 0.632 X 10 = _____

0.632 X 100 = _____

0.632 X 1000 = _____

3) 0.068 X 10 = _____

0.068 X 100 = _____

0.068 X 1000 = _____

4) 0.9 X 10 = _____

0.9 X 100 = _____

0.9 X 1000 = _____

5) 0.43 X 10 = _____

0.43 X 100 = _____

0.43 X 1000 = _____

HOMEWORK
Complete the table.
Decimal
1) 2.5672
2) 32.18
3) 0.9423
4) 3.8816
5) 21.67211
6) 63.21894
7) 0.2194
8) 6.28545
9) 364.28164
10) 6.38411

X 10

X 100

X 1 000

Lesson No. 5

Multiplying Decimals by 0.1, 0.01 and 0.001

We move the decimal point 1 place to the left when the decimal number is
multiplied by 0.1. Example:
50

18.2 X 0.1 = 1 8 . 2 = 1.82

We move the decimal point 2 places to the left when the decimal number is
multiplied by 0.01. Example:

18.2 X 0.01 = 1 8 . 2 = 0.182

We move the decimal point 3 places to the left when the decimal number is
multiplied by 0.001.Example:

18.2 X 0.01 = 01 8 . 2 = 0.0182

PRACTICE
Multiply these numbers by:
Factors
1) 38.4
2) 397.8
3) 4 128.76
4) 178.73
5) 839.25
6) 1 473.63
7) 4 472.198
8) 81 813.418
9) 21 934.1473
10) 58 254.0345
11) 788.0854
12) 1 666.765
13) 5 795.275
14) 7 351.379
15) 75 582.145
16) 7 851.98
17) 95.33
18) 5 678.432
19) 859.596
20) 6 785.034

0.1

0.01

MORE PRACTICE
Give the missing numbers in the table.
51

0.001

Factors
1) 8.314
2)
3)
4) 7 638.2
5)
6) 3 468.4
7)
8)
9)
10) 49 875.42

0.1
831.4

0.01

0.001

478.2

47.82
93.54

9 354
76.382
987.635
34.684

9 876.35
975.13

9.7513
635.427

1 025.631

10.25631
498.7542

Multiply the following.


1) 3256.1978

2) 63.2194

3) 0.52

4) 1.375

5) 621.32

X 0.001

0.001

0.01

0.1

0.01

6) 0.342

7) 12.3

8) 1457.36

9) 921.3

10) 8245.3214

X 0.001

X 0.01

0.1

0.01

0.001

HOMEWORK
Complete the table by multiplying the decimals with 0.1, 0.01 and 0.001.
Decimals
1) 324.12
2) 9 625.3
3) 634.057
4) 0.218
5) 2.31
6) 361.211
7) 348.96
8) 6325.12
9) 85.32
10) 6.3

X 0.1

X 0.01

X 0.001

Lesson No. 6

Problem Solving Involving Multiplication of


Decimals
Analyze the problem below.
52

Rosemarie sent two packages, each weighing 1.85 kg, to her brothers in Hong Kong. If
she paid P 175.00 per kg of the package, how much did she pay in all ?

What is asked ?
What are given ?
What are the operations to be used ?
Write the equation to solve the problem ?
What is your answer ?

Answer more problems !

PRACTICE
Answer the problems below .
1) Edna needs 0.95 m of ribbon to trim a shirt. If a ribbon costs P 0.75 metre how much
will the ribbon cost ?
Asked: ______________________________________________________________
Given : ______________________________________________________________
Operations: __________________________________________________________
Equation: ____________________________________________________________
Answer: _____________________________________________________________
2) Carmen can swim 12 meters in one minute. How far can she swim in 30 minutes ?
Asked: ______________________________________________________________
Given : ______________________________________________________________
Operations: __________________________________________________________
Equation: ____________________________________________________________
Answer: _____________________________________________________________

3) Milagros bought 6 siopao worth P 9.50 each. How much did she pay in all ?
Asked: ______________________________________________________________
Given : ______________________________________________________________
Operations: __________________________________________________________
Equation: ____________________________________________________________
53

Answer: _____________________________________________________________
4) If she added 13 large soft drinks for her friends which cost P 15.50 each, what is the
total cost of the softdrinks ?
Asked: ______________________________________________________________
Given : ______________________________________________________________
Operations: __________________________________________________________
Equation: ____________________________________________________________
Answer: _____________________________________________________________
5) What is the area of Aidas backyard if it is 15.935 m long and 6.45 m wide ?
Asked: ______________________________________________________________
Given : ______________________________________________________________
Operations: __________________________________________________________
Equation: ____________________________________________________________
Answer: _____________________________________________________________
6) Dante measured their dining table. Its length is 2.643 m while its width is 1.45 m.
What is the area of the dining table ?
Asked: ______________________________________________________________
Given : ______________________________________________________________
Operations: __________________________________________________________
Equation: ____________________________________________________________
Answer: _____________________________________________________________

7) In Marikina Elementary, 100 pupil in Grade IV, V, VI joined the field trip in Tagaytay
City. If each pupil paid P 182.25 , how much is the total collection ?
Asked: ______________________________________________________________
Given : ______________________________________________________________
54

Operations: __________________________________________________________
Equation: ____________________________________________________________
Answer: _____________________________________________________________
8) A soft drinks company gave out 1 000 free t-shirts to those who patronage their
products. Each t-shirt costs P 35.83. How much did the soft drinks company pay for
the t-shirts?
Asked: ______________________________________________________________
Given : ______________________________________________________________
Operations: __________________________________________________________
Equation: ____________________________________________________________
Answer: _____________________________________________________________
9) A coach buys 19 pairs of socks at P 68.75 per pair. What is the total cost of the
socks?
Asked: ______________________________________________________________
Given : ______________________________________________________________
Operations: __________________________________________________________
Equation: ____________________________________________________________
Answer: _____________________________________________________________
10) Ellen buys 53 gallons of gasoline at P 79.09 per gallon. What is the total cost of the
gasoline ?
Asked: ______________________________________________________________
Given : ______________________________________________________________
Operations: __________________________________________________________
Equation: ____________________________________________________________
Answer: _____________________________________________________________
MORE PRACTICE
Analyze and solve the following problems.

55

1) Kenny made a down payment of P 1 750 on a camcorder and agreed to make


payments of P 520.85 per month for one year. Find the total cost of the camcorder.

2) Joel earns P 8 355.35 per month. If Karen earns twice as much as Joel, how much
do they earn together ?

3) The cost of a photocopy in store A is P 0.35 while in store B it costs P 0.53. How
much do I save if I had 317 pages photocopied at store A instead of store B ?

4) The Avis Car Rental Company charges P 1 243.45 per day and P 20 per km to rent
their cars. The ABC Car Rental Company charges P 1 048.25 per day and P 21.25
per km. Which company will you choose if you rent a car for two days and travel 325
km ?

5) If a meter of cloth cost P 72.95 , how much would 6.4 meters cost ?

HOMEWORK
Solve the following problems .
1) Mang Elo, a balut vendor, bought 100 new duck eggs at P 3.65 each. How much did
he pay for all the eggs ?

2) Mrs. Pasana baked 1 000 pineapple pie for a party. If a pie costs P 17.85, how much
did the 1 000 pie cost ?

3) A cone of ice cream cost P 16.25, how much in all did the 6 children spend on ice
56

cream ?

4) Mang Juan sold 46 cotton candies at P 2.15 each. How much altogether is the cost of
the cotton candies ?

5) A rope measures 4.63 m. How long is it in centimeters ?

6) The peso dollar exchange rate is P 39.25. If Justin had $ 27.50, how much would
this amount in pesos ?

7) A factory needs 0.085 ton of glass and 0.012 of rubber to build a truck. How many
tons to glass and rubber are needed for 295 trucks ?

8) A car designed for use as a police car is priced at P 502 200. For municipalities
buying 10 or more units, the price is P 475 500.25. What would be the total cost of 25
cars ?

9) If a car travels 55.6 km an hour, how far will it travel in 8 hours ?

10) Rosemarie sent two packages, each weighing 1.85 kg, to her brothers in Hong
Kong. If she paid P 175.00 per kg of the package, how much did she pay in all ?

57

Chapter Five
Division of Decimals
Lesson No. 1

Kinds of Decimals

Lesson No. 2

Divide Whole Numbers by Decimals

Lesson No. 3

Divide Decimals by Decimals

Lesson No. 4

Divide Mixed Decimals and Whole


Numbers

Lesson No. 5

Divide Mixed Decimals by Mixed Decimals

Lesson No. 6

Divide Decimals by 10 , 100 1,000 Mentally

Lesson No. 7

Divide Decimals by 0.1, 0.01, 0.001


Mentally

Lesson No. 8

Solve Word Problems Involving Division of


Decimals

Lesson No. 1

KINDS OF DECIMALS
Decimals can be classified as terminating or non terminating.
58

1) TERMINATING Decimal is one that has a definite ending decimal place value.
Example:
_ 51
5 / 255
25
5
5
0

2) NON TERMINATING Decimal have an infinite number of decimal places

a) Repeating example

0.333333333333

b) Non repeating example

0.325841562

Lesson No. 2
Divide Whole Numbers by Decimals and Vice Versa
Check whether you can divide correctly all the numbers given below.
1) 4 / 6 484

2) 6 / 7 044

3) 7 / 9 185

4) 22 / 4850

How about when you divide decimals. Study the example below.
59

1)

0.9 / 63
9 / 630

070
9 /630
0
63
63
0
0
X
____
2) 2/0.24
.12
2/0.24
2
4
4
X

- move the decimal one place to the right


- add one zero to the dividend

- divide

- write a decimal directly above the dividend

- divide

PRACTICE
A. Divide the following.
1) 72 0.8 = _____

6) 210 0.12 = _____

2) 455 0.5 = _____

7) 800 0.20 = _____

3) 826 0.4 = _____

8) 564 0.25 = _____

4) 49 0.7 = _____

9) 1256 0.16 = _____

5) 936 0.3 = _____

10) 981 0.3 = _____


60

B. Divide the following.

1) 0.756 9 = _____

6) 0.846 6 = _____

2) 0.966 6 = _____

7) 0.434 7 = _____

3) 0.686 2 = _____

8) 0.775 5 = _____

4) 0.714 7 =_____

9) 0.872 8 = _____

5) 0.305 5 = _____

10) 0.316 2 = _____

MORE PRACTICE
Divide the following.
1) 696 0.09 = _____

6) 0.936 78 = _____

2) 888 0.37 = _____

7) 0.924 66 = _____

3) 975 0.25 = _____

8) 0.939 69 = _____

4) 595 0.85 = _____

9) 0.832 34 = _____

5) 684 0.04 = _____

10) 0.833 49 = _____

HOMEWORK
Divide the following.
1) 183 0.61 = _____

6) 0.241 2 = _____

2) 900 0.45 = _____

7) 0.2564 80 = _____

3) 598 0.22 = _____

8) 0.98324 16 = _____

4) 775 0.15 = _____

9) 0.925 5 = _____

5) 828 0.92 = _____

10) 0.821 4 = _____

Lesson No. 3

Divide Decimals by Decimals


When dividing decimals, move the decimal point of the divisor until it becomes a
whole number. Move also the decimal of the dividend the same number of places the
decimal point of the divisor has been moved. When the divisor is already a whole
number, you can proceed to division. Make sure the decimal point of the quotient is
directly above the newly placed decimal point of the dividend.
Example:
61

_______
0.52 / 0.85241
_______
0.238 / 0.25419
______
0.5 / 0.351

______
52 / 85.241
______
238 / 254.19
_____
5 / 3.51

2 moves
3 moves
1 move

PRACTICE
Divide the following.
1) 0.72 0.3 = _____

6) 0.96 0.8 = _____

2) 0.96 0.4 = _____

7) 0.441 0.07 = _____

3) 0.387 0.09 = _____

8) 0.558 0.06 = _____

4) 0.516 0.6 = _____

9) 0.218 0.02 = _____

5) 0.81 0.9 = _____

10) 0.61284 0.04 = _____

MORE PRACTICE
Divide the following.
1) 0.96 0.6 = _____

4) 0.381 0.5 = _____

2) 0.32 0.04 = _____

5) 0.867 0.05 = _____

3) 0.212 0.08 = _____

HOMEWORK
Divide the following.
1) 0.24 0.012 = _____

4) 0.55 0.011 = _____

2) 0.36 0.6 = _____

5) 0.75 0.25 = _____

3) 0.42 0.14 = _____

Lesson No. 4

Division of Mixed Decimals and Whole


Numbers
Study the example below.
Example 1:
_______

3.2 / 160

- move the decimal of the divisor one place to the right and add
62

one zero to the dividend

50
32 / 1600
160
0
0
0
____

- divide

Example 2:

____
4 / 2.4
0.6
4 / 2.4
0
24
24
0

- place a decimal point in the quotient directly above the decimal


point in the dividend

- divide

PRACTICE
Divide the following.
___
1) 7.4 / 15

____
2) 9.6 / 541

___
3) 8.5 / 22

___
4) 1.5 / 49

____
5) 2.5 / 475

____
6) 3 / 9.6

_____
7) 9 / 1.89

_____
8) 5 / 36.5

_____
9) 16 / 28.80

MORE PRACTICE
Divide the following.
____
1) 1.84 / 273

_____
6) 9 / 1.42

____
2) 1.4 / 24

____
7) 42 / 4.31

_____
3) 2.9 / 4 365

____
8) 19 / 14.2

____
4) 2.1 / 342

____
9) 48 / 16.3
63

_____
10) 8 / 5.60

______
5) 7.8 / 3 568

_____
10) 15 / 28.5

HOMEWORK
Divide the following.
______
1) 3.5 / 241.5

_____
6) 92 / 579.6

_____
2) 4.3 / 51.6

____
7) 18 / 85.3

______
3) 5.16 / 206.41

_____
8) 51 / 36.51

______
4) 10.9 / 62.981

____
9) 13 / 58.5

_______
5) 6.5 / 374.21

____
10) 21 / 75.6

Lesson No. 5

Division of Mixed Decimals and Mixed


Decimals
Mixed decimals are divided in the same way as whole numbers. In dividing mixed
decimals by mixed decimals, the decimal point in the divisor is moved to the right to
make it a whole number. You only have to move the decimal place of the dividend the
same number the decimal point was moved in the divisor, unless if the dividend in a
64

whole number then you add zero. Align the decimal point of the quotient to that of the
dividend.

PRACTICE

Divide. Classify the quotient as to terminating or non terminating. If it is non terminating,


classify if it is repeating or non repeating. Write only the letter on the space before the
number.

A. terminating decimal

C. non terminating non repeating

B. non terminating, repeating decimal

decimal

____
_____1) 4.2 / 12.4

______
_____6) 1.52 / 395.2

____
_____2) 4.1 / 16.4

____
_____7) 4.5 / 4.28

______
_____3) 3.12 / 7.3008

____
_____8) 6.3 /55.2

______
_____4) 3.60 / 311.04

______
_____9) 7.42 / 244.86

______
_____5) 25.4 / 171.45

_____
_____10) 2.4 / 873.5

MORE PRACTICE

Divide. Classify the quotient as to terminating or non terminating. If it is non terminating,


classify if it is repeating or non repeating. Write only the letter on the space before the
number.

A. terminating decimal

C. non terminating non repeating

B. non terminating, repeating decimal

decimal
65

_____1) 13.5 4.5 = ____

_____6) 501.6 62.7 = ____

_____2) 6.08 7.6 = ____

_____7) 122.1 11.1 = ____

_____3) 73.5 24.5 = ____

_____8) 4.278 34.5 = ____

_____4) 112.2 1.87 = ____

_____9) 2.06 10.3 = ____

_____5) 2.12 21.2 = ____

_____10) 14.629 92 4.8 = _____

HOMEWORK
Divide. Classify the quotient as to terminating or non terminating. If it is non terminating,
classify if it is repeating or non repeating. Write only the letter on the space before the
number.

A. terminating decimal

C. non terminating non repeating

B. non terminating, repeating decimal

decimal

_____ 1) 26.645 7.3 = ____

_____ 6) 389.45 4.4 = ____

_____ 2) 21.505 4.25 = ____

_____ 7) 892.52 2.06 = ____

_____ 3) 72.4 3.62 = ____

_____ 8) 9 182.17 8.005 = ____

_____ 4) 147.82 2.3 = ____

_____ 9) 431.6 1.3 = ____

_____ 5) 473.09 3.9 = ____

_____ 10) 5 045.9 1.8 = ____

Lesson No. 6

Divide Decimals by 10 , 100 1,000 Mentally


When a decimal is to be divided by:
10, move the decimal point 1 place to the left to get the quotient
100, move the decimal point 2 places to the left to get the quotient
1 000, move the decimal point 3 places to the left to get the quotient

EXAMPLES:
148.2 10 =

14.82
66

148.2 100 =

1.482

148.2 1 000 = 0.1482


The number of zeros in the divisor will tell you the number of places to the left of
the decimal point that would be skipped.

PRACTICE
Divide these numbers by 10, 100 and 1 000.
DIVIDEND
1) 5 147.4
2) 2 183.6
3) 3 452.2
4) 8 318.18
5) 9 493.37
6) 27 345.49
7) 39 146.32
8) 54 987.18
9) 176 347.45
10) 882 963.74
11) 330 153.1
12) 418 253.18
13) 651 210.54
14) 531 053.49
15) 781 255.31
16) 2.364
17) 8.342
18) 52.6217
19) 614.32841
20) 6.328

10

100

1 000

100
43.812

1 000

MORE PRACTICE

Give the missing numbers in the table.

FACTORS
1) 4 381.2
2)
3)
4) 6 768.39
5)
6) 3 562.1

10
963.47

157.293
676.839
1 982.418

9.6347
15.7293

198.2418
43.812
67

7)
8)
9)
10) 8 135.87

5 327.8
91 025.83
6 232.4

532.78
9 102.583
62.324
81.3587

HOMEWORK

Divide these numbers as fast as you can.


1) 43.8 10 = __________

11) 59 378.14 100 = __________

2) 196.47 10 = __________

12) 41 821.36 100 = __________

3) 343.18 10 = __________

13) 97 415.43 100 = __________

4) 456.39 10 = __________

14) 186 244.35 1 000 = __________

5) 1 415.43 10 = __________

15) 246 132.89 1 000 = __________

6) 9 823.93 10 = __________

16) 655 421.37 1 000 = __________

7) 47 383.2 100 = __________

17) 198 257.13 1 000 = __________

8) 91 413.73 100 = __________

18) 888 345.39 1 000 = __________

9) 47 413.73 100 = __________

19) 197 463.84 1 000 = __________

10) 49 215.88 100 = __________

20) 546 217.54 1 000 = __________

Lesson No. 7

Divide Decimals by 0.1 , 0.01 , 0.001 Mentally


When dividing decimal by:
0.1, move the decimal point of the dividend to one place to the right to get the
quotient
0.01, move the decimal point of the dividend to two places to the right to get the
quotient
68

0.001, move the decimal point of the dividend to three places to the right to get
the quotient
EXAMPLE:
43.2 0.1 =

432

5.2371 0.1 = 52.371

43.2 0.01 =

4320

5.2371 0.01 = 523.71

43.2 0.001 =

43200

5.2371 0.001 = 5237.1

PRACTICE
Divide these mentally.
DIVIDEND
1) 4.8471
2) 15.3221
3) 18.1962
4) 35.4325
5) 95.2147
6) 12.1732
7) 89.2473
8) 381.1925
9) 473.1543
10) 2 135.2184
11) 2 529.685
12) 1 283.912
13) 7 568.405
14) 2 567.834
15) 2 456.5852
16) 632.12
17) 1284.3
18) 82.6
19) 6.2
20) 1285.34

0.1

0.01

0.001

0.01

0.001

MORE PRACTICE
Give the mixing numbers in the table.
DIVIDEND
1) 15.3943
2)
3)
4)
5) 4 192.1576
6)
7)
8)

0.1

417.2153
934.2476
81 529.4
351.84
90.804
3 344.95
69

9) 4 376.37
10)

81 529.4
7 611.663

HOMEWORK
Divide the following mentally.
1) 6.32 0.001 = __________

11) 8.2 0.01 = __________

2) 85.32 0.001 = __________

12) 985.21 0.001 = __________

3) 125.4 0.01 = __________

13) 9.21 0.1 = __________

4) 854.3671 0.1 = ___________

14) 2.1 0.1 = __________

5) 641.237 0.1 = __________

15) 5.24 0.001 = __________

6) 6.3218 0.01 = __________

16) 85.21 0.1 = __________

7) 954.2 0.1 = __________

17) 96.315 0.01 = __________

8) 9.2174 0.001 = __________

18) 6.12 0.01 = __________

9) 6.8 0.001 = __________

19) 6.2457 0.01 = __________

10) 96.2485 0.1 = __________

20) 5.2 0.01 = __________

Lesson No. 8

PROBLEM SOLVING INVOLVING DIVISION


OF DECIMALS
Analyze the problem below.

A customer of Aling Letty paid Php 217.50 for 3 kilos of chicken. How much
did Aling Letty charge for each kilo of chicken ?
What is asked ?
What are given ?
What are the operations to be used ?
70

Write the equation to solve the problem ?


What is your answer ?
Answer more problems!

PRACTICE
Answer the word problems below.
1) Mrs. Lituanias class has to raise Php 287.50 for a globe in Hekasi class. There are
50 pupils in the class. How much will each pupil contribute ?
Asked: ________________________________________________________________
Given: ________________________________________________________________
Operation: _____________________________________________________________
Number Sentence: ______________________________________________________
Answer: _______________________________________________________________
2) Mrs. Malabanan bought 5 reams of coupon bond worth Php 447.50. How much did
each ream of coupon bond cost ?
Asked: ________________________________________________________________
Given: ________________________________________________________________
Operation: _____________________________________________________________
Number Sentence: ______________________________________________________
Answer: _______________________________________________________________

3) Zaldy cut a bamboo 12 meters long. If he were to cut it into pieces 1.2 m long, how
many pieces of bamboo will there be ?
Asked: ________________________________________________________________
Given: ________________________________________________________________
Operation: _____________________________________________________________
Number Sentence: ______________________________________________________
Answer: _______________________________________________________________

4) How many pieces of cloth each 4.2 m long can be cut from a 24 meter piece ?

Asked: ________________________________________________________________
Given: ________________________________________________________________
Operation: _____________________________________________________________
Number Sentence: ______________________________________________________
Answer: _______________________________________________________________

71

5) Mylene bought 7.5 meters of tetoron at Php 198.75. How much does a meter cost ?

Asked: ________________________________________________________________
Given: ________________________________________________________________
Operation: _____________________________________________________________
Number Sentence: ______________________________________________________
Answer: _______________________________________________________________

MORE PRACTICE
Answer the word problem below.
1) A container full of papayas weigh 22.1 kilograms. If each papaya weighs 1.2
kilograms and the container weighs 0.5 kg, how many pieces were in the container ?
Asked: ________________________________________________________________
Given: ________________________________________________________________
Operation: _____________________________________________________________
Number Sentence: ______________________________________________________
Answer: _______________________________________________________________

2) Mrs. Dela Paz bought eggs for Php 686.40. If eggs cost Php 26.40 per dozen, how
many dozen did she buy ?
Asked: ________________________________________________________________
Given: ________________________________________________________________
Operation: _____________________________________________________________
Number Sentence: ______________________________________________________
Answer: _______________________________________________________________

3) Dianne sold 166.25 kg of grapes. If each grapes weighed about 1.75 kg, how many
packs of grapes did Dianne sell ?
Asked: ________________________________________________________________
Given: ________________________________________________________________
Operation: _____________________________________________________________
Number Sentence: ______________________________________________________
Answer: _______________________________________________________________

4) Ana earns Php 43.25 per hour. If her salary for one week was Php 2 335.50 , how
many hours did she work ?
Asked: ________________________________________________________________
72

Given: ________________________________________________________________
Operation: _____________________________________________________________
Number Sentence: ______________________________________________________
Answer: _______________________________________________________________

5) Three men paid a total of P 1 026 for lunch and the cost of the meal is divided
equally. How much did each men pay ?
Asked: ________________________________________________________________
Given: ________________________________________________________________
Operation: _____________________________________________________________
Number Sentence: ______________________________________________________
Answer: _______________________________________________________________

HOMEWORK
Answer the word problem below.
1) Juans odometer read 38 796.1 km at the beginning of his trip. When the trip ended, it
read 39 365.8 km. If he used 31.5 gallons of gasoline, for the whole travel, how many
kilometers did he travel per gallon of gasoline ?
Asked: ________________________________________________________________
Given: ________________________________________________________________
Operation: _____________________________________________________________
Number Sentence: ______________________________________________________
Answer: _______________________________________________________________

2) A ream of bond paper is 6.21 cm thick. If each sheet of paper is 0.003 cm thick, how
many sheets of paper are there in two reams ?
Asked: ________________________________________________________________
Given: ________________________________________________________________
Operation: _____________________________________________________________
Number Sentence: ______________________________________________________
Answer: _______________________________________________________________

3) Rosa found out that she had read 3 618 words in 4.02 minutes. How many words did
she read per minute ?
Asked: ________________________________________________________________
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Given: ________________________________________________________________
Operation: _____________________________________________________________
Number Sentence: ______________________________________________________
Answer: _______________________________________________________________

4) If my watch is late by 4.5 seconds per hour, by how many minutes will it be late in two
days ?
Asked: ________________________________________________________________
Given: ________________________________________________________________
Operation: _____________________________________________________________
Number Sentence: ______________________________________________________
Answer: _______________________________________________________________

5) A contractor finished 4.75 kilometers for a new highway in 5 days. On the average,
how many kilometers of the highway were finished each day ?
Asked: ________________________________________________________________
Given: ________________________________________________________________
Operation: _____________________________________________________________
Number Sentence: ______________________________________________________
Answer: _______________________________________________________________

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