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DeAngelo Fratianno

Have you ever wondered whats in the African


savanna? Well its an adventure worth
exploring. There are lions, zebras, and more.
The African savanna is an amazing biome that
holds some of the greatest mammals of the
earth.
The African savanna is tropical grassland. It
has a warm temperature all year round. It
rains the highest in summer than other
seasons. The African savannas are mostly
filled with grasses, dispersed trees, and a
small variety of rivers. Therefore there is no
canopies which allows sunlight to the ground
fully. The African savanna contains a large
complex food chain consisting plants,
animals, and organisms.
Climate and weather is a very important to
the African savanna life.The African savanna
biome is wet and dry, Called (AW). The A
stands for a tropical climate, and the W
stands for a dry season. In the winter there is
very little rainfall. Rivers dry, grasses dry up,

and shrubs shrivel up. The temperature is 68


degrees to 78 degrees F ( 20 to 25 degrees
C) in normal temperatures. For summer
months the temperature is 68 degrees to 86 F
degrees F (25 to 30 degrees C). Temperature
in the savanna does not change frequently,
but when it does it will not change drastically.
There are many animals in the African
savanna. For example you will find Zebras,
Cheetahs, hyenas, vultures, and elephants.
The Zebra is a primary consumer like
elephants and other animals (Herbivores).
These animals eat grass, shrubs, and trees.
The secondary consumers are cheetahs, and
other carnivores. The secondary consumers
eat the Zebras, Elephants, and other animals
to stay alive. On the other hand vultures and
hyenas are scavengers. Scavengers are
animals that eat animals that have been
already looted. Basically they eat the leftovers
of the secondary animals. All of these animals
work together to support each other and keep
their species alive.

There are over 15 kinds of plants in the


African savanna. Three of them are the
Monkey Orange, Umbrella Thorn Acacia, and
the River Bush Willow. The Monkey Orange is
a very delicious fruit. The inside is filled with a
juicy mouth watering flesh. The flesh is a very
sweet and soft, but dont eat the soft seeds.
They are very poisonous to the human body.
There is a hard shell on the outer side. Dont
worry the shell is very easy to crack. The
monkey orange is commonly found on trees
all over the savanna or woodlands. The River
Bush Willow is a warm and dry climate lover.
It grows 30 to 35ft tall. The branches grow
frantically in all different directions. The
branches grow in an upright formation. The
River Bush Willow adapted to its area and has
some good perks. The River Bush Willow has a
hydrophilic root system. This means that the
roots pull water from deeper ground. The
other perk is the tree has very thick bark to
protect it from fires and leaf decrease in dry
periods. The last but not least plant is the
Umbrella Thorn Acacia. The Acacia tree is one

of the most known trees in the African


savanna. The Acacia tree grows in sand dunes
or rocky ground. The Acacia grows in annual
rainfall areas. The rain falls as low as 4 cm.
The Acacia tree can live in temperatures of
122 degrees Fahrenheit and the freezing
temperatures at night. These are just 3 of the
15 plants of the African savanna.
The human impact on the African savanna is
high. The people destroy rich soil by starting
fire to burn the land for farm land. Elephants
and other animals are hunted for their parts.
For example rhinos are hunted for their skin
and lions for their manes. The human
population has affected the African savanna in
a large degree.
The great African savanna, has a diverse
population of plants and animals that all work
together. To complete a working and living
biome. From the sun to the plants, from the
organisms to the plants, to the water to
plants, from plants to animals, and animals to
animals. This is one complete living biome. All

of the living things in it work together to


complete the chain, and make it the
fascinating biome it is.