You are on page 1of 31

Individual Assessment Cover Sheet

Assessment Title:

Networking Project

Programme Title:

BACHELOR OF ICT

Course No.:

ITB6003

Course Title:

Networking and Data Communications 2

Student Name:

Abeer AlRumaidh - Reem Alattar

Student ID:

201100984 / 201000542

By submitting this assessment for marking, either electronically or as hard copy, I confirm the
following:

This assignment is my own work


Any information used has been properly referenced.
I understand that a copy of my work may be used for moderation.
I have kept a copy of this assignment

Table of Contents

.................................................................... 1
Introduction ............................................................................................................................................. 3
IPV4 Addressing Scheme ............................................................................................................... 4

1.

1.2 Routing Protocol ........................................................................................................................... 4


2.VLANs ............................................................................................................................................... 23
2.1 Italy / Milan Branch ..................................................................................................................... 23
2.2 Greece / Athens Branch .............................................................................................................. 23
2.3 Boston Branch ............................................................................................................................. 23
2.4 China / Beijing Branch ................................................................................................................. 24
2.5 Bahrain / Manama Branch .......................................................................................................... 24
2.6 Brazil / Brazilia Branch ................................................................................................................ 24
2.7 UAE / Dubai Branch..................................................................................................................... 24
Security and Redundancy.............................................................................................................. 25

2.

4.1 Security .......................................................................................................................................... 25


4.2 Redundancy.................................................................................................................................... 25
3.

Wireless Access ............................................................................................................................ 26

4.

Encapsulation method PPP-CHAP ............................................................................................... 26

5.

Frame Relay .................................................................................................................................. 27

6.

Network Address Translation ....................................................................................................... 28

7.

Access Lists .................................................................................................................................. 28


8.1 Server Access List ........................................................................................................................ 28
8.2 All Branches Access List............................................................................................................... 29

8.

STP Spanning tree protocol ....................................................................................................... 29

9.

Banner Massages .......................................................................................................................... 30

10.

IPv6 ........................................................................................................................................... 30

Reference List ....................................................................................................................................... 31

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Introduction
This report outlines a network plan for Global Health Services (GHS) Company. The company consists
of a main site which is located in Milan and six other sites that are located in six different countries
that include Greece, USA, China, Bahrain, Brazil, and UAE. Each of these sites has a certain number
of employees to be hired. The companys main goal is to provide a wide range of health services
human kind. Furthermore, the company wants to connect Milan to the other six site offices; each
site has different number of users. The report will implement different steps like separating
different user by Virtual local area network (VLANs) , Assigning IPV4 address, Wireless access ,
Access List (ACLs) , Network Address Translation/Port Address Translation (NAT/PAT) on Milan
site ,and recommendations on how to IPV6

GHS Network

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1. IPV4 Addressing Scheme


Global Health Services will implement a private IPV4 scheme from class c (192.168.0.0);Implementing a
private IP addressing version 4 networks for Global Health Services with Variable Length Subnet (VLSM)
technique, for the devices to connect between each other a routing protocol is choose .and for security
the company will use password and key network devices in the login banners.

1.2 Routing Protocol


Enhanced Interior Gateway Protocol (EIGRP) will implemented on Global Health Services, seven
different sites routers to allow communications between routers
EIGRP is a hybrid distance vector routing protocol, it uses Diffusing Update Algorithm (DUAL) to offer a
loop-free and quick convergence network, less CPU compared to OSPF and Fast convergence as it
stores it neighbour routing table . Moreover, EIGRP supports IP, IPX, VLSM and CIDR.Plus offers
backward compatibility with IGRP ("The Pros and Cons of OSPF and EIGRP")

1.3 VLSM
Department
Administration
Other
Training
WLAN
IT
Marketing
Native Vlan
Accounting
Management
Accounting

Needed
20
20
20
20
10
10
8
5
5
5

Size
30
30
30
30
14
14
14
6
6
6

Address
Assignable range
192.168.0.0
192.168.0.1 - 192.168.0.30
192.168.0.64
192.168.0.65 - 192.168.0.94
192.168.0.32
192.168.0.33 - 192.168.0.62
192.168.0.96
192.168.0.97 - 192.168.0.126
192.168.0.192 192.168.0.193 - 192.168.0.206
192.168.0.240 192.168.0.241 - 192.168.0.254
192.168.1.32
192.168.1.33 - 192.168.1.46
192.168.1.112 192.168.1.113 - 192.168.1.118
192.168.1.168 192.168.1.169 - 192.168.1.174
192.168.1.112 192.168.1.113 - 192.168.1.118
Table 1 : IP Address (Italy / Milan)

Broadcast
192.168.0.31
192.168.0.95
192.168.0.63
192.168.0.127
192.168.0.207
192.168.0.255
192.168.1.47
192.168.1.119
192.168.1.175
192.168.1.119

Subnet Mask
255.255.255.224
255.255.255.224
255.255.255.224
255.255.255.224
255.255.255.240
255.255.255.240
255.255.255.240
255.255.255.248
255.255.255.248
255.255.255.248

Mask
/27
/27
/27
/27
/28
/28
/28
/29
/29
/29

Department
Other
Administration
Marketing
Native Vlan
Accounting
IT
Management

Needed
15
10
10
7
5
5
5

Size
30
14
14
14
6
6
6

Address
Assignable range
192.168.0.128 192.168.0.129 - 192.168.0.158
192.168.0.160 192.168.0.161 - 192.168.0.174
192.168.0.224 192.168.0.225 - 192.168.0.238
192.168.1.48
192.168.1.49 - 192.168.1.62
192.168.1.104 192.168.1.105 - 192.168.1.110
192.168.1.152 192.168.1.153 - 192.168.1.158
192.168.1.160 192.168.1.161 - 192.168.1.166
Table 2 : IP Address (Greece / Athens)

Broadcast
192.168.0.159
192.168.0.175
192.168.0.239
192.168.1.63
192.168.1.111
192.168.1.159
192.168.1.167

Subnet Mask
255.255.255.224
255.255.255.240
255.255.255.240
255.255.255.240
255.255.255.248
255.255.255.248
255.255.255.248

Mask
/27
/28
/28
/28
/29
/29
/29

Department
Administration
IT
Marketing
Other
Native vlan
Accounting
Management

Needed
10
10
10
10
7
5
5

Size
14
14
14
14
14
6
6

Address
Assignable range
192.168.0.176 192.168.0.177 - 192.168.0.190
192.168.0.208 192.168.0.209 - 192.168.0.222
192.168.1.0
192.168.1.1 - 192.168.1.14
192.168.1.16
192.168.1.17 - 192.168.1.30
192.168.1.64
192.168.1.65 - 192.168.1.78
192.168.1.88
192.168.1.89 - 192.168.1.94
192.168.1.176 192.168.1.177 - 192.168.1.182
Table 3 : IP Address (USA / Boston)

Broadcast
192.168.0.191
192.168.0.223
192.168.1.15
192.168.1.31
192.168.1.79
192.168.1.95
192.168.1.183

Subnet Mask
255.255.255.240
255.255.255.240
255.255.255.240
255.255.255.240
255.255.255.248
255.255.255.248
255.255.255.248

Mask
/28
/28
/28
/28
/29
/29
/29

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Department
Accounting
Administration
IT
Marketing

Native vlan
Other
Management

Department
Administration
Accounting
Marketing

Native Vlan
IT
Management
Other

Needed
5
5
5
5
5
3
3

Size
6
6
6
6
6
6
6

Address
Assignable range
192.168.1.80
192.168.1.81 - 192.168.1.86
192.168.1.136 192.168.1.137 - 192.168.1.142
192.168.1.144 192.168.1.145 - 192.168.1.150
192.168.1.192 192.168.1.193 - 192.168.1.198
192.168.1.200 192.168.1.201 - 192.168.1.206
192.168.1.232 192.168.1.233 - 192.168.1.238
192.168.1.240 192.168.1.241 - 192.168.1.246
Table 4 : IP Address (China / Beijing)

Broadcast
192.168.1.87
192.168.1.143
192.168.1.151
192.168.1.199
192.168.1.207
192.168.1.239
192.168.1.247

Subnet Mask
255.255.255.248
255.255.255.248
255.255.255.248
255.255.255.248
255.255.255.248
255.255.255.248
255.255.255.248

Mask
/29
/29
/29
/29
/29
/29
/29

Needed
5
5
5
5
3
3
2

Size
6
6
6
6
6
6
6

Address
Assignable range
192.168.1.120 192.168.1.121 - 192.168.1.126
192.168.1.96
192.168.1.97 - 192.168.1.102
192.168.1.184 192.168.1.185 - 192.168.1.190
192.168.1.216 192.168.1.217 - 192.168.1.222
192.168.2.32
192.168.2.33 - 192.168.2.38
192.168.2.40
192.168.2.41- 192.168.2.46
192.168.2.80
192.168.2.81 - 192.168.2.86
Table 5 : IP Address (Brazil / Brazilia)

Broadcast
192.168.1.127
192.168.1.103
192.168.1.191
192.168.1.223
192.168.2.39
192.168.2.47
192.168.2.87

Subnet Mask
255.255.255.248
255.255.255.248
255.255.255.248
255.255.255.248
255.255.255.248
255.255.255.248
255.255.255.248

Mask
/29
/29
/29
/29
/29
/29
/29

Department

Needed

Size

Administration

Native Vlan

Other

IT
Marketing
Accounting
Management

3
3
3
3

6
6
6
6

Department

Needed

Size

Native Vlan

Administration
IT
Marketing
Accounting
Other

3
3
3
3
2

6
6
6
6
6

Address

Assignable range
Broadcast
192.168.1.129 192.168.1.128
192.168.1.135
192.168.1.134
192.168.1.209 192.168.1.208
192.168.1.215
192.168.1.214
192.168.1.249 192.168.1.248
192.168.1.255
192.168.1.254
192.168.2.0
192.168.2.1 - 192.168.2.6
192.168.2.7
192.168.2.8
192.168.2.9 - 192.168.2.14
192.168.2.15
192.168.2.16 192.168.2.17- 192.168.2.22 192.168.2.23
192.168.2.24 192.168.2.25 - 192.168.2.30 192.168.2.31
Table 6 : IP Address (Bahrain/Manama)
Address

Assignable range
192.168.1.225 192.168.1.224
192.168.1.230
192.168.2.48 192.168.2.49 - 192.168.2.54
192.168.2.56 192.168.2.57 - 192.168.2.62
192.168.2.64 192.168.2.65 - 192.168.2.70
192.168.2.72 192.168.2.73 - 192.168.2.78
192.168.2.88 192.168.2.89 - 192.168.2.94
Table 7 : IP Address (UAE /Dubai)

Broadcast
192.168.1.231
192.168.2.55
192.168.2.63
192.168.2.71
192.168.2.79
192.168.2.95

Subnet Mask
255.255.255.248
255.255.255.248
255.255.255.248

/29
/29
/29

255.255.255.248
255.255.255.248
255.255.255.248
255.255.255.248

/29
/29
/29
/29

Subnet Mask
255.255.255.248

Mask

255.255.255.248
255.255.255.248
255.255.255.248
255.255.255.248
255.255.255.248

/29
/29
/29
/29
/29

Italy Administration (20 PC)


Device Name

IP Address

Subnet Mask

Default Gateway

Milan-PC1

192.17.0.2

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.1

Milan-PC2

192.17.0.3

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.1

Milan-PC3

192.17.0.4

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.1

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Mask

/29

Milan-PC4

192.17.0.5

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.1

Milan-PC5

192.17.0.6

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.1

Milan-PC6

192.17.0.7

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.1

Milan-PC7

192.17.0.8

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.1

Milan-PC8

192.17.0.9

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.1

Milan-PC9

192.17.0.10

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.1

Milan-PC10

192.17.0.11

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.1

Milan-PC11

192.17.0.12

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.1

Milan-PC12

192.17.0.13

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.1

Milan-PC13

192.17.0.14

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.1

Milan-PC14

192.17.0.15

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.1

Milan-PC15

192.17.0.16

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.1

Milan-PC16

192.17.0.17

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.1

Milan-PC17

192.17.0.18

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.1

Milan-PC18

192.17.0.19

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.1

Milan-PC19

192.17.0.20

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.1

Milan-PC20

192.17.0.21

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.1

Italy - Management (5 PC)


Device Name

IP Address

Subnet Mask

Default Gateway

Milan-PC21

192.17.1.170

255.255.255.248

192.17.1.169

Milan-PC22

192.17.1.171

255.255.255.248

192.17.1.169

Milan-PC23

192.17.1.172

255.255.255.248

192.17.1.169

Milan-PC24

192.17.1.173

255.255.255.248

192.17.1.169

Milan-PC25

192.17.1.174

255.255.255.248

192.17.1.169

Italy Accounting (5 PC)


Device Name

IP Address

Subnet Mask

Default Gateway

Milan-PC26

192.17.1.114

255.255.255.248

192.17.1.113

Milan-PC27

192.17.1.115

255.255.255.248

192.17.1.113

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Milan-PC28

192.17.1.116

255.255.255.248

192.17.1.113

Milan-PC29

192.17.1.117

255.255.255.248

192.17.1.113

Milan-PC30

192.17.1.118

255.255.255.248

192.17.1.113

Italy Marketing (10 PC)


Device Name

IP Address

Subnet Mask

Default Gateway

Milan-PC31

192.17.0.242

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.241

Milan-PC32

192.17.0.243

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.241

Milan-PC33

192.17.0.244

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.241

Milan-PC34

192.17.0.245

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.241

Milan-PC35

192.17.0.246

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.241

Milan-PC36

192.17.0.247

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.241

Milan-PC37

192.17.0.248

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.241

Milan-PC38

192.17.0.249

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.241

Milan-PC39

192.17.0.250

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.241

Italy IT (10 PC)


Device Name

IP address

Subnet Mask

Default Gateway

Milan-PC41

192.17.0.194

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.193

Milan-PC42

192.17.0.195

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.193

Milan-PC43

192.17.0.196

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.193

Milan-PC44

192.17.0.197

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.193

Milan-PC45

192.17.0.198

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.193

Milan-PC46

192.17.0.199

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.193

Milan-PC47

192.17.0.200

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.193

Milan-PC48

192.17.0.201

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.193

Milan-PC49

192.17.0.202

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.193

Milan-PC50

192.17.0.203

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.193

Italy Training (20 PC)


Device Name

IP address

Page 7 of 31

Subnet Mask

Default Gateway

Milan-PC51

192.17.0.34

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.33

Milan-PC52

192.17.0.35

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.33

Milan-PC53

192.17.0.36

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.33

Milan-PC54

192.17.0.37

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.33

Milan-PC55

192.17.0.38

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.33

Milan-PC56

192.17.0.39

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.33

Milan-PC57

192.17.0.40

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.33

Milan-PC58

192.17.0.41

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.33

Milan-PC59

192.17.0.42

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.33

Milan-PC60

192.17.0.43

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.33

Milan-PC61

192.17.0.44

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.33

Milan-PC62

192.17.0.45

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.33

Milan-PC63

192.17.0.46

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.33

Milan-PC64

192.17.0.47

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.33

Milan-PC65

192.17.0.48

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.33

Milan-PC66

192.17.0.49

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.33

Milan-PC67

192.17.0.50

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.33

Milan-PC68

192.17.0.51

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.33

Milan-PC69

192.17.0.52

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.33

Milan-PC70

192.17.0.53

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.33

Italy Other (20 PC)


Device Name

IP address

Subnet Mask

Default Gateway

Milan-PC71

192.17.0.66

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.65

Milan-PC72

192.17.0.67

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.65

Milan-PC73

192.17.0.68

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.65

Milan-PC74

192.17.0.69

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.65

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Milan-PC75

192.17.0.70

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.65

Milan-PC76

192.17.0.71

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.65

Milan-PC77

192.17.0.72

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.65

Milan-PC78

192.17.0.73

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.65

Milan-PC79

192.17.0.74

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.65

Milan-PC80

192.17.0.75

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.65

Milan-PC81

192.17.0.76

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.65

Milan-PC82

192.17.0.77

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.65

Milan-PC83

192.17.0.78

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.65

Milan-PC84

192.17.0.79

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.65

Milan-PC85

192.17.0.80

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.65

Milan-PC86

192.17.0.81

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.65

Milan-PC87

192.17.0.82

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.65

Milan-PC88

192.17.0.83

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.65

Milan-PC89

192.17.0.84

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.65

Milan-PC90

192.17.0.85

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.65

Email Server

149.5.1.2

255.255.255.224

149.5.1.1

Web Server

149.5.1.3

255.255.255.224

149.5.1.1

Port IP address
Device

Port

IP

Subnet Mask

Milan-Router

Fa0/0.10

192.168.1.169

255.255.255.248

Fa0/0.20

192.168.0.241

255.255.255.240

Fa0/0.30

192.168.1.113

255.255.255.248

Fa0/0.40

192.168.0.193

255.255.255.240

Fa0/0.50

192.168.0.1

255.255.255.224

Fa0/0.60

192.168.0.65

255.255.255.224

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Fa0/0.70

192.168.0.33

255.255.255.224

Fa0/0.88

192.168.0.97

255.255.255.224

Fa0/0.99

192.168.1.33

255.255.255.240

S0/0/0.110

192.168.2.105

255.255.255.252

S0/0/0.120

192.168.2.109

255.255.255.252

S0/0/0.130

192.168.2.113

255.255.255.252

S0/0/0.140

192.168.2.117

255.255.255.252

S0/0/0.150

192.168.2.121

255.255.255.252

S0/0/0.160

192.168.2.125

255.255.255.252

S0/0/1

100.0.0.1

255.255.255.252

Milan-Switch1

VLAN 99

192.168.1.33

255.255.255.224

Milan-Switch2

VLAN 99

192.168.1.34

255.255.255.224

Milan-Switch3

VLAN 99

192.168.1.35

255.255.255.224

Milan-Switch4

VLAN 99

192.168.1.36

255.255.255.224

Milan-Switch5

VLAN 99

192.168.1.37

255.255.255.224

Milan-Switch6

VLAN 99

192.168.1.38

255.255.255.224

Milan-Switch7

VLAN 99

192.168.1.39

255.255.255.224

Milan-Switch8

VLAN 99

192.168.1.40

255.255.255.224

Table 8 : IP Address for Devices (Milan Branch)

Greece Accounting (5 PC)


Device Name

IP address

Subnet Mask

Default Gateway

Athens-PC1

192.17.1.106

255.255.255.248

192.17.1.105

Athens-PC2

192.17.1.107

255.255.255.248

192.17.1.105

Athens-PC3

192.17.1.108

255.255.255.248

192.17.1.105

Athens-PC4

192.17.1.109

255.255.255.248

192.17.1.105

Athens-PC5

192.17.1.110

255.255.255.248

192.17.1.105

Page 10 of 31

Greece Marketing (10 PC)


Athens-PC6

192.17.0.226

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.225

Athens-PC7

192.17.0.227

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.225

Athens-PC8

192.17.0.228

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.225

Athens-PC9

192.17.0.229

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.225

Athens-PC10

192.17.0.230

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.225

Athens-PC11

192.17.0.231

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.225

Athens-PC12

192.17.0.232

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.225

Athens-PC13

192.17.0.233

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.225

Athens-PC14

192.17.0.234

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.225

Athens-PC15

192.17.0.235

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.225

Greece IT (5 PC)
Device Name

IP address

Subnet Mask

Default Gateway

Athens-PC16

192.17.1.154

255.255.255.248

192.17.1.153

Athens-PC17

192.17.1.155

255.255.255.248

192.17.1.153

Athens-PC18

192.17.1.156

255.255.255.248

192.17.1.153

Athens-PC19

192.17.1.157

255.255.255.248

192.17.1.153

Athens-PC20

192.17.1.158

255.255.255.248

192.17.1.153

Greece Administration (10 PC)


Device Name

IP address

Subnet Mask

Default Gateway

Athens-PC21

192.17.0.162

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.161

Athens-PC22

192.17.0.163

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.161

Athens-PC23

192.17.0.164

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.161

Athens-PC24

192.17.0.165

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.161

Athens-PC25

192.17.0.166

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.161

Athens-PC26

192.17.0.167

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.161

Page 11 of 31

Athens-PC27

192.17.0.168

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.161

Athens-PC28

192.17.0.169

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.161

Athens-PC29

192.17.0.170

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.161

Athens-PC30

192.17.0.171

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.161

Greece Management (5 PC)


Device Name

IP address

Subnet Mask

Default Gateway

Athens-PC31

192.17.1.162

255.255.255.248

192.17.1.161

Athens-PC32

192.17.1.163

255.255.255.248

192.17.1.161

Athens-PC33

192.17.1.164

255.255.255.248

192.17.1.161

Athens-PC34

192.17.1.165

255.255.255.248

192.17.1.161

Athens-PC35

192.17.1.166

255.255.255.248

192.17.1.161

Greece Other (15 PC)


Device Name

IP address

Subnet Mask

Default Gateway

Athens-PC36

192.17.0.130

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.129

Athens-PC37

192.17.0.131

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.129

Athens-PC38

192.17.0.132

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.129

Athens-PC39

192.17.0.133

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.129

Athens-PC40

192.17.0.134

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.129

Athens-PC41

192.17.0.135

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.129

Athens-PC42

192.17.0.136

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.129

Athens-PC43

192.17.0.137

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.129

Athens-PC44

192.17.0.138

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.129

Athens-PC45

192.17.0.139

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.129

Athens-PC46

192.17.0.140

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.129

Athens-PC47

192.17.0.141

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.129

Athens-PC48

192.17.0.142

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.129

Page 12 of 31

Athens-PC49

192.17.0.143

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.129

Athens-PC50

192.17.0.144

255.255.255.224

192.17.0.129

Port IP address
Device

Port

IP

Subnet Mask

Athens-Router

Fa0/0.10

192.168.1.161

255.255.255.248

Fa0/0.20

192.168.0.255

255.255.255.240

Fa0/0.30

192.168.1.105

255.255.255.248

Fa0/0.40

192.168.1.153

255.255.255.248

Fa0/0.50

192.168.0.161

255.255.255.240

Fa0/0.60

192.168.0.129

255.255.255.224

Fa0/0.99

192.168.1.49

255.255.255.240

S0/0/0.210

192.168.2.106

255.255.255.252

S0/0/0.220

192.168.2.129

255.255.255.252

S0/0/0.230

192.168.2.133

255.255.255.252

S0/0/0.240

192.168.2.137

255.255.255.252

S0/0/0.250

192.168.2.141

255.255.255.252

S0/0/0.260

192.168.2.145

255.255.255.252

Athens-Switch1

VLAN 99

192.168.1.50

255.255.255.240

Athens-Switch2

VLAN 99

192.168.1.51

255.255.255.240

Athens-Switch3

VLAN 99

192.168.1.52

255.255.255.240

Athens-Switch4

VLAN 99

192.168.1.53

255.255.255.240

Athens-Switch5

VLAN 99

192.168.1.54

255.255.255.240

Athens-Switch6

VLAN 99

192.168.1.55

255.255.255.240

Table 9 : IP Address for Devices (Athens Branch)

USA Management (5 PC)

Page 13 of 31

Device Name

IP address

Subnet Mask

Default Gateway

Boston-PC1

192.17.1.178

255.255.255.248

192.17.1.177

Boston-PC2

192.17.1.179

255.255.255.248

192.17.1.177

Boston-PC3

192.17.1.180

255.255.255.248

192.17.1.177

Boston-PC4

192.17.1.181

255.255.255.248

192.17.1.177

Boston-PC5

192.17.1.182

255.255.255.248

192.17.1.177

USA Marketing (10 PC)


Device Name

IP address

Subnet Mask

Default Gateway

Boston-PC6

192.17.1.2

255.255.255.240

192.17.1.1

Boston-PC7

192.17.1.3

255.255.255.240

192.17.1.1

Boston-PC8

192.17.1.4

255.255.255.240

192.17.1.1

Boston-PC9

192.17.1.5

255.255.255.240

192.17.1.1

Boston-PC10

192.17.1.6

255.255.255.240

192.17.1.1

Boston-PC11

192.17.1.7

255.255.255.240

192.17.1.1

Boston-PC12

192.17.1.8

255.255.255.240

192.17.1.1

Boston-PC13

192.17.1.9

255.255.255.240

192.17.1.1

Boston-PC14

192.17.1.10

255.255.255.240

192.17.1.1

Boston-PC15

192.17.1.11

255.255.255.240

192.17.1.1

USA Accounting (5 PC)


Device Name

IP address

Subnet Mask

Default Gateway

Boston-PC16

192.17.1.90

255.255.255.248

192.17.1.89

Boston-PC17

192.17.1.91

255.255.255.248

192.17.1.89

Boston-PC18

192.17.1.92

255.255.255.248

192.17.1.89

Boston-PC19

192.17.1.93

255.255.255.248

192.17.1.89

Boston-PC20

192.17.1.94

255.255.255.248

192.17.1.89

USA IT (10 PC)

Page 14 of 31

Device Name

IP address

Subnet Mask

Default Gateway

Boston-PC21

192.17.0.210

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.209

Boston-PC22

192.17.0.211

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.209

Boston-PC23

192.17.0.212

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.209

Boston-PC24

192.17.0.213

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.209

Boston-PC25

192.17.0.214

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.209

Boston-PC26

192.17.0.215

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.209

Boston-PC27

192.17.0.216

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.209

Boston-PC28

192.17.0.217

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.209

Boston-PC29

192.17.0.218

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.209

Boston-PC30

192.17.0.219

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.209

USA Other (10 PC)


Device Name

IP address

Subnet Mask

Default Gateway

Boston-PC31

192.17.1.18

255.255.255.240

192.17.1.17

Boston-PC32

192.17.1.19

255.255.255.240

192.17.1.17

Boston-PC33

192.17.1.20

255.255.255.240

192.17.1.17

Boston-PC34

192.17.1.21

255.255.255.240

192.17.1.17

Boston-PC35

192.17.1.22

255.255.255.240

192.17.1.17

Boston-PC36

192.17.1.23

255.255.255.240

192.17.1.17

Boston-PC37

192.17.1.24

255.255.255.240

192.17.1.17

Boston-PC38

192.17.1.25

255.255.255.240

192.17.1.17

Boston-PC39

192.17.1.26

255.255.255.240

192.17.1.17

Boston-PC40

192.17.1.27

255.255.255.240

192.17.1.17

USA Administration (10 PC)


Device Name

IP address

Subnet Mask

Default Gateway

Boston-PC41

192.17.0.178

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.177

Page 15 of 31

Boston-PC42

192.17.0.179

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.177

Boston-PC43

192.17.0.180

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.177

Boston-PC44

192.17.0.181

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.177

Boston-PC45

192.17.0.182

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.177

Boston-PC46

192.17.0.183

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.177

Boston-PC47

192.17.0.184

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.177

Boston-PC48

192.17.0.185

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.177

Boston-PC49

192.17.0.186

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.177

Boston-PC50

192.17.0.187

255.255.255.240

192.17.0.177

Port IP address
Device

Port

IP

Subnet Mask

Athens-Router

Fa0/0.10

192.168.1.177

255.255.255.248

Fa0/0.20

192.168.1.1

255.255.255.240

Fa0/0.30

192.168.1.89

255.255.255.248

Fa0/0.40

192.168.0.209

255.255.255.240

Fa0/0.50

192.168.0.177

255.255.255.240

Fa0/0.60

192.168.1.17

255.255.255.240

Fa0/0.99

192.168.1.65

255.255.255.248

S0/0/0.310

192.168.2.110

255.255.255.252

S0/0/0.320

192.168.2.130

255.255.255.252

S0/0/0.330

192.168.2.149

255.255.255.252

S0/0/0.340

192.168.2.153

255.255.255.252

S0/0/0.350

192.168.2.157

255.255.255.252

S0/0/0.360

192.168.2.161

255.255.255.252

Boston -Switch1

VLAN 99

192.168.1.66

255.255.255.248

Boston -Switch2

VLAN 99

192.168.1.67

255.255.255.248

Page 16 of 31

Boston -Switch3

VLAN 99

192.168.1.68

255.255.255.248

Boston -Switch4

VLAN 99

192.168.1.69

255.255.255.248

Boston -Switch5

VLAN 99

192.168.1.70

255.255.255.248

Table 10: IP Address for Devices (Boston Branch)

China Management (2 PC)


Device Name

IP address

Subnet Mask

Default Gateway

Beijing-PC1

192.17.1.242

255.255.255.248

192.17.1.241

Beijing-PC2

192.17.1.243

255.255.255.248

192.17.1.241

China Marketing (5 PC)


Device Name

IP address

Subnet Mask

Default Gateway

Beijing-PC3

192.17.1.194

255.255.255.240

192.17.1.193

Beijing-PC4

192.17.1.195

255.255.255.240

192.17.1.193

Beijing-PC5

192.17.1.196

255.255.255.240

192.17.1.193

Beijing-PC6

192.17.1.197

255.255.255.240

192.17.1.193

Beijing-PC7

192.17.1.198

255.255.255.240

192.17.1.193

China Other (3 PC)


Device Name

IP address

Subnet Mask

Default Gateway

Beijing-PC8

192.17.1.234

255.255.255.240

192.17.1.233

Beijing-PC9

192.17.1.235

255.255.255.240

192.17.1.233

Beijing-PC10

192.17.1.236

255.255.255.240

192.17.1.233

China Accounting (5 PC)


Device Name

IP address

Subnet Mask

Default Gateway

Beijing-PC11

192.17.1.82

255.255.255.240

192.17.1.81

Beijing-PC12

192.17.1.83

255.255.255.240

192.17.1.81

Beijing-PC13

192.17.1.84

255.255.255.240

192.17.1.81

Beijing-PC14

192.17.1.85

255.255.255.240

192.17.1.81

Page 17 of 31

Beijing-PC15

192.17.1.86

255.255.255.240

192.17.1.81

China IT (5 PC)
Device Name

IP address

Subnet Mask

Default Gateway

Beijing-PC16

192.17.1.146

255.255.255.240

192.17.1.145

Beijing-PC17

192.17.1.147

255.255.255.240

192.17.1.145

Beijing-PC18

192.17.1.148

255.255.255.240

192.17.1.145

Beijing-PC19

192.17.1.149

255.255.255.240

192.17.1.145

Boston-PC20

192.17.1.150

255.255.255.240

192.17.1.145

China Administration (5 PC)


Device Name

IP address

Subnet Mask

Default Gateway

Beijing-PC21

192.17.1.138

255.255.255.240

192.17.1.137

Beijing-PC22

192.17.1.139

255.255.255.240

192.17.1.137

Beijing-PC23

192.17.1.140

255.255.255.240

192.17.1.137

Beijing-PC24

192.17.1.141

255.255.255.240

192.17.1.137

Beijing-PC25

192.17.1.142

255.255.255.240

192.17.1.137

Port IP address
Beijing-Router

Fa0/0.10

192.168.1.241

255.255.255.248

Fa0/0.20

192.168.1.193

255.255.255.240

Fa0/0.30

192.168.1.81

255.255.255.248

Fa0/0.40

192.168.1.145

255.255.255.240

Fa0/0.50

192.168.1.137

255.255.255.240

Fa0/0.60

192.168.1.233

255.255.255.240

Fa0/0.99

192.168.1.201

255.255.255.248

S0/0/0.410

192.168.2.114

255.255.255.252

S0/0/0.420

192.168.2.134

255.255.255.252

S0/0/0.430

192.168.2.150

255.255.255.252

Page 18 of 31

S0/0/0.440

192.168.2.165

255.255.255.252

S0/0/0.450

192.168.2.169

255.255.255.252

S0/0/0.460

192.168.2.173

255.255.255.252

Beijing-Switch1

VLAN 99

192.168.1.202

255.255.255.248

Beijing -Switch2

VLAN 99

192.168.1.203

255.255.255.248

Beijing -Switch3

VLAN 99

192.168.1.204

255.255.255.248

Beijing -Switch4

VLAN 99

192.168.1.205

255.255.255.248

Beijing -Switch5

VLAN 99

192.168.1.206

255.255.255.248

Beijing -Switch6

VLAN 99

192.168.1.207

255.255.255.248

Table 11: IP Address for Devices (Beijing Branch)

Device Name
Brazilia -PC1
Brazilia -PC2
Device Name
Brazilia PC3
Brazilia PC4
Device Name
Brazilia PC5
Brazilia PC6
Brazilia PC7
Brazilia PC8
Brazilia PC9
Device Name
Brazilia -PC10

Brazil Management (2 PC)


IP address
Subnet Mask
192.17.2.42
255.255.255.248
192.17.2.43
255.255.255.248
Brazil IT (2 PC)
IP address
Subnet Mask
192.17.2.34
255.255.255.248
192.17.2.35
255.255.255.248
Brazil Marketing (5 PC)
IP address
Subnet Mask
192.17.1.186
255.255.255.248
192.17.1.187
255.255.255.248
192.17.1.188
255.255.255.248
192.17.1.189
255.255.255.248
192.17.1.190
255.255.255.248
Brazil Other (1 PC)
IP address
Subnet Mask
192.17.2.82
255.255.255.248
Brazil Accounting (5 PC)

Default Gateway
192.17.2.41
192.17.2.41
Default Gateway
192.17.2.33
192.17.2.33
Default Gateway
192.17.1.185
192.17.1.185
192.17.1.185
192.17.1.185
192.17.1.185
Default Gateway
192.17.2.81

Device Name

IP address

Subnet Mask

Default Gateway

Brazilia PC11

192.17.1.98

255.255.255.248

192.17.1.97

Brazilia -PC12

192.17.1.99

255.255.255.248

192.17.1.97

Brazilia -PC13

192.17.1.100

255.255.255.248

192.17.1.97

Brazilia -PC14

192.17.1.101

255.255.255.248

192.17.1.97

Page 19 of 31

Brazilia -PC15

192.17.1.102

255.255.255.248

192.17.1.97

Brazil Administration (5 PC)


Device Name

IP address

Subnet Mask

Default Gateway

Brazilia -PC16

192.17.1.122

255.255.255.248

192.17.1.121

Brazilia -PC17

192.17.1.123

255.255.255.248

192.17.1.121

Brazilia -PC18

192.17.1.124

255.255.255.248

192.17.1.121

Brazilia -PC19

192.17.1.125

255.255.255.248

192.17.1.121

Brazilia -PC20

192.17.1.126

255.255.255.248

192.17.1.121

Port IP address
Device

Port

IP

Subnet Mask

Brazilia-Router

Fa0/0.10

192.168.2.41

255.255.255.248

Fa0/0.20

192.168.1.185

255.255.255.240

Fa0/0.30

192.168.1.97

255.255.255.248

Fa0/0.40

192.168.2.33

255.255.255.240

Fa0/0.50

192.168.1.121

255.255.255.240

Fa0/0.60

192.168.2.81

255.255.255.240

Fa0/0.99

192.168.1.217

255.255.255.248

S0/0/0.510

192.168.2.118

255.255.255.252

S0/0/0.520

192.168.2.138

255.255.255.252

S0/0/0.530

192.168.2.154

255.255.255.252

S0/0/0.540

192.168.2.166

255.255.255.252

S0/0/0.550

192.168.2.177

255.255.255.252

S0/0/0.560

192.168.2.181

255.255.255.252

Brazilia -Switch1

VLAN 99

192.168.1.218

Page 20 of 31

255.255.255.248

Brazilia -Switch2

VLAN 99

192.168.1.219

255.255.255.248

Brazilia -Switch3

VLAN 99

192.168.1.220

255.255.255.248

Brazilia -Switch4

VLAN 99

192.168.1.221

255.255.255.248

Brazilia -Switch5

VLAN 99

192.168.1.222

255.255.255.248

Table 12: IP Address for Devices (Brazilia Branch)

Device Name
Manama -PC1
Manama -PC2
Device Name
Manama PC3
Manama PC4
Device Name
Manama PC5
Manama PC6
Device Name
Manama PC7
Manama PC8
Device Name
Manama PC9
Manama -PC10
Manama -PC11
Manama -PC12
Manama -PC13
Device Name
Manama PC14
Manama PC15
Device
Manama-Router

Bahrain Management (2 PC)


IP address
Subnet Mask
192.17.2.26
255.255.255.248
192.17.2.27
255.255.255.248
Bahrain Marketing (2 PC)
IP address
Subnet Mask
192.17.2.10
255.255.255.248
192.17.2.11
255.255.255.248
Bahrain Accounting (2 PC)
IP address
Subnet Mask
192.17.2.18
255.255.255.248
192.17.2.19
255.255.255.248
Bahrain IT (2 PC)
IP address
Subnet Mask
192.17.2.2
255.255.255.248
192.17.2.3
255.255.255.248
Bahrain Administration (5 PC)
IP address
Subnet Mask
192.17.1.130
255.255.255.248
192.17.1.131
255.255.255.248
192.17.1.132
255.255.255.248
192.17.1.133
255.255.255.248
192.17.1.134
255.255.255.248
Bahrain Other (2 PC)
IP address
Subnet Mask
192.17.1.250
255.255.255.248
192.17.1.251
255.255.255.248
Port IP address
Port
IP
Fa0/0.10
192.168.2.25
Fa0/0.20
192.168.2.9
Fa0/0.30
192.168.2.17
Fa0/0.40
192.168.2.1
Fa0/0.50
192.168.1.129
Fa0/0.60
192.168.1.249
Fa0/0.99
192.168.1.209
S0/0/0.610
192.168.2.122
S0/0/0.620
192.168.2.142
S0/0/0.630
192.168.2.158
Page 21 of 31

Default Gateway
192.17.2.25
192.17.2.25
Default Gateway
192.17.2.9
192.17.2.9
Default Gateway
192.17.2.17
192.17.2.17
Default Gateway
192.17.2.1
192.17.2.1
Default Gateway
192.17.1.129
192.17.1.129
192.17.1.129
192.17.1.129
192.17.1.129
Default Gateway
192.17.1.249
192.17.1.249
Subnet Mask
255.255.255.248
255.255.255.248
255.255.255.248
255.255.255.248
255.255.255.248
255.255.255.248
255.255.255.248
255.255.255.252
255.255.255.252
255.255.255.252

Manama-Switch1
Manama -Switch2
Manama -Switch3
Manama -Switch4
Manama -Switch5
Manama -Switch6

Device Name
Dubai -PC1
Device Name
Dubai PC2
Dubai PC3
Device Name
Dubai PC4
Dubai PC5
Device Name
Dubai PC6
Dubai PC7
Device Name
Dubai PC8
Dubai PC9
Device Name
Dubai PC10
Device
Dubai-Router

Dubai-Switch1

S0/0/0.640
S0/0/0.650
S0/0/0.660
VLAN 99
VLAN 99
VLAN 99
VLAN 99
VLAN 99
VLAN 99

192.168.2.170
192.168.2.178
192.168.2.185

192.168.1.210
192.168.1.211
192.168.1.212
192.168.1.213
192.168.1.214
192.168.1.215
Table 13: IP Address for Devices (Bahrain Branch)

UAE Management (1 PC)


IP address
Subnet Mask
192.17.2.92
255.255.255.248
UAE Marketing (2 PC)
IP address
Subnet Mask
192.17.2.66
255.255.255.248
192.17.2.67
255.255.255.248
UAE Accounting (2 PC)
IP address
Subnet Mask
192.17.2.74
255.255.255.248
192.17.2.75
255.255.255.248
UAE Administration (2 PC)
IP address
Subnet Mask
192.17.2.50
255.255.255.248
192.17.2.51
255.255.255.248
UAE IT (2 PC)
IP address
Subnet Mask
192.17.2.58
255.255.255.248
192.17.2.59
255.255.255.248
UAE Other (1 PC)
IP address
Subnet Mask
192.17.2.86
255.255.255.248
Port IP address
Port
IP
Fa0/0.10
192.168.2.97
Fa0/0.20
192.168.2.65
Fa0/0.30
192.168.2.73
Fa0/0.40
192.168.2.57
Fa0/0.50
192.168.1.49
Fa0/0.60
192.168.2.89
Fa0/0.99
192.168.1.225
S0/0/0.710
192.168.2.126
S0/0/0.720
192.168.2.146
S0/0/0.730
192.168.2.162
S0/0/0.740
192.168.2.174
S0/0/0.750
192.168.2.182
S0/0/0.760
192.168.2.186
192.168.1.226
VLAN 99
Page 22 of 31

255.255.255.252
255.255.255.252
255.255.255.252
255.255.255.248
255.255.255.248
255.255.255.248
255.255.255.248
255.255.255.248
255.255.255.248

Default Gateway
192.17.2.91
Default Gateway
192.17.2.65
192.17.2.65
Default Gateway
192.17.2.73
192.17.2.73
Default Gateway
192.17.2.49
192.17.2.49
Default Gateway
192.17.2.57
192.17.2.57
Default Gateway
192.17.2.85
Subnet Mask
255.255.255.248
255.255.255.248
255.255.255.248
255.255.255.248
255.255.255.248
255.255.255.248
255.255.255.248
255.255.255.252
255.255.255.252
255.255.255.252
255.255.255.252
255.255.255.252
255.255.255.252
255.255.255.248

Dubai -Switch2
Dubai -Switch3
Dubai -Switch4
Dubai -Switch5

192.168.1.227
192.168.1.228
192.168.1.229
192.168.1.230
Table 14: IP Address for Devices (Dubai Branch)

VLAN 99
VLAN 99
VLAN 99
VLAN 99

255.255.255.248
255.255.255.248
255.255.255.248
255.255.255.248

2.VLANs
VLAN is virtual local area networks; it helps to connect workstations that have the same requirement
with each other. VLAN separate the LAN into different broadcast domains which will control the
broadcast traffic. Companies or organizations implement VLANs to reduce the cost, security and
higher performance.
Global health services (GHS) is recommended to implement VLANs to separate different department
to enforce network security to retain the host with sensitive data secured, reduce the traffic flow within
the network,
GHS branch office is located in Milan , it has six different brunches, so each branch there will be a
different VLAN table , that will contain VLANs for each department , as shown in the tables below .

2.1 Italy / Milan Branch

VLAN ID
VLAN 10
VLAN 20
VLAN 30
VLAN 40
VLAN 50
VLAN 60
VLAN 70
VLAN 88
VLAN 99

VLAN Name
Administration
Training
Other
IT
Marketing
Accounting
Management
Wireless
Native VLAN

2.2 Greece / Athens Branch

VLAN ID
VLAN 10
VLAN 20
VLAN 30
VLAN 40
VLAN 50
VLAN 60
VLAN 70
VLAN 99

VLAN Name
Administration
Training
Other
IT
Marketing
Accounting
Management
Native VLAN

2.3 Boston Branch

VLAN ID
VLAN 10
VLAN 20

VLAN Name
Administration
Training
Page 23 of 31

VLAN 30
VLAN 40
VLAN 50
VLAN 60
VLAN 70
VLAN 99

Other
IT
Marketing
Accounting
Management
Native VLAN

2.4 China / Beijing Branch

VLAN ID

VLAN Name

VLAN 10
VLAN 20
VLAN 30
VLAN 40
VLAN 50
VLAN 60
VLAN 70
VLAN 99

Administration
Training
Other
IT
Marketing
Accounting
Management
Native VLAN

2.5 Bahrain / Manama Branch

VLAN ID

VLAN Name

VLAN 10
VLAN 20
VLAN 30
VLAN 40
VLAN 50
VLAN 60
VLAN 70
VLAN 99

Administration
Training
Other
IT
Marketing
Accounting
Management
Native VLAN

2.6 Brazil / Brazilia Branch

VLAN ID

VLAN Name

VLAN 10
VLAN 20
VLAN 30
VLAN 40
VLAN 50
VLAN 60
VLAN 70
VLAN 99

Administration
Training
Other
IT
Marketing
Accounting
Management
Native VLAN

2.7 UAE / Dubai Branch

VLAN ID
VLAN 10
VLAN 20
VLAN 30
VLAN 40
VLAN 50
VLAN 60
VLAN 70
VLAN 99

VLAN Name
Administration
Training
Other
IT
Marketing
Accounting
Management
Native VLAN
Page 24 of 31

2.8 VTP
VTP is implemented in core layer switches as a Server and as a client in both distribution and access
layer . VTP will provide a better network management and manage switches.

3.Security and Redundancy


3.1 Security
To insure a higher level of security on the network, GHS implemented different measures of security
on all the routers and switches. First of all is the access port security, which carry out the specific
interface on the switch that is connected to the PC, so that only a certain number of PCs is allowed to
connect to the network, if by any case a new PC is connected with a Mac address which does not
exist -- the Port will automatically shut down. This will avoid common security attacks. The Secure
MAC Address types are static, dynamic, and sticky. GHS will implement the sticky Secure MAC
Address because they are Dynamically learned, furthered to the MAC address table either manually
or after it is configured as dynamically learned and the configuration is stored in the running
configuration (Switch Concepts and Configuration).

A company ensures a higher level of security on it devices by setting passwords on switches and
routers An encrypted privileged EXEC mode password of cisco, the aim of using passwords is to avoid
unauthorized users to access the EXEC mode by adding line VTY and line console.

2.2 Redundancy
To guarantee the network availability for any failure, the company design the topology as a
Hierarchical network model which have three different layers which are core, distribution and
access to provide alternative paths

Page 25 of 31

2. Wireless Access
The company will have a wireless local-area network (LAN) that uses radio waves and fixed access
that uses Ethernet ports in each site to connect to the internet.
Global Health Services will experience benefits of having wireless network. First, mobility; the GHS
users can connect from their laptops and tablets, second expanding, if the company is thinking of
future expanding, they will use less cables which mean less cost .last , security, the company can
control who can access the network, Global Health Services will implement Wireless will be
implemented only in one site .

3. Encapsulation method PPP-CHAP


GHS and EIX should be connected so that GHS have internet access , PPP encapsulation method
were implemented in the routers .
The fact that PPP protocol has several advantages has led the company to utilize this method. The
protocol allows for a wide range of applicability to many devices provided by different vendors as
Page 26 of 31

well as supporting authentication options which facilitates the exchange of authentication messages.
These authentication options includes two main protocols which are Password Authentication
Protocol (PAP) and Challenge Handshake Authentication protocol (CHAP). PPP Protocol also allows
for some flexibility in size control by supporting Data compression and decompression which will
partially enhance the networks performance. It is important to note that Network Control Protocols
(NCPs) are some of the primary components of PPP which are key in establishing as well as
configuring various network layer protocols. NCPs, which are located between the data link layer
and network layer, provide control by permitting network layer protocols to work on the same
communication links .
The company wanted to implement CHAP which is Challenge-Handshake Authentication Protocol
because it does provide protection against playback attack from the peers.

4. Frame Relay
All branches need to be connected through the internet and WAN, that why frame relay was
implemented in the network because it is one of the most known WAN private packets switched
protocols.
Frame relay connect different sites by using Permanent Virtual Circuits (PVC). It allows the different
branches of GHS to connect with each other within the frame relay cloud. Frame relay is cost
efficient so it saves money and that because that the company should only buy the local loop and
bandwidth from the network provider. To connect branches together DLCI which is Data Link
Connection Identifier , should be used to identify each connection . In the topology we used
different range for each country such as 110 , 120 , 130 , etc. ("Bahrain Polytechnic - IT Team")

Page 27 of 31

5. Network Address Translation


Network Address Translation (NAT) is a method that assigns a public address to a computer that is a
part of a private network. When the user sends a package outside the network, NAT will translate
the internal IP address to an external IP Address. NAT is useful because the administrator of the
network will have the advantages of using a private network meanwhile connecting to the internet
.also, all the users in a private network need only one public ip address if NAT is implemented. NAT is
implemented in Milan router which is connected to EIX.
NAT is implemented in the company network so that the IP Address of the users that have access to
the users that have internet will be converted. The public address range will be assigned in the serial
that is connecting both of Milan Router and EIX router. ("Bahrain Polytechnic - IT Team")

6. Access Lists
ACL which is Access Lists is implemented in all the routers in the network; it is a list that preform
packet filtering by permitting or denying access to the network (Bahrain Polytechnic - IT Team").
ACL will block unwanted Traffic or users, provide a Bandwidth control and provide NAT Control. ("IP
Access List Overview", 2006)

8.1 Server Access List


This Access list is implemented in Milan Router for internet to access the web server and Email
server network. Meanwhile Internet will be denied form access any other part of the network. This
Access list is an extended Access list that were used in the serial that connect Milan to the EIX
router. The Access list is using pop3 and www for web server and smtp for Email server.
Page 28 of 31

Ip access-list extended Milan-Servers


Permit tcp any 149.5.1.0 0.0.0.31 eq www
Permit tcp any 149.5.1.0 0.0.0.31 eq pop3
Permit tcp any 149.5.1.0 0.0.0.31 eq smtp
Deny ip any 149.5.1.0 0.0.0.31
Permit ip any any

8.2 All Branches Access List


This Access list is implemented in all the branches because all the branches have the same
departments. The first two statements are for IT department, the Access list will allow only the IT
Staff to access their device through SSH and deny access through SSH to all users who are not from
IT Staff. The three statements after that will control the access of the Other department, it will
only allow the staff to access the internet and the servers and it will deny them from accessing
everything else on the network. The next statement will be about denying the administration
department form accessing the internet. The Last statement is about permitting access to all other
users.
Permit tcp 192.168.0.192 0.0.0.15 any eq 22
Deny any any eq 22
Permit ip 192.168.0.64 0.0.0.31 10.1.1.0 0.0.0.3
Permit ip 192.168.0.64 0.0.0.31 149.5.1.0 0.0.0.31
Deny ip 192.168.0.64 0.0.0.31 any
Deny ip 192.168.0.0 0.0.0.31 10.1.1.0 0.0.0.3
Permit ip any any

The networks IP will be changed in each branch

7. STP Spanning tree protocol


STP which is Spanning Tree Protocol is a network protocol that provides a free loop topology for any
LAN network. STP protocol will allow one logical path to be open between the network destinations
by blocking redundant part that might accrue a loop. When there is a failure in the paths, STP opens
an alternate path to replace the pervious path. (Bahrain Polytechnic - IT Team").
STP use STA which is Spanning Tree Algorithm to control which port in the switches need to be
configured so that STP will be able to prevent loops. STA is an algorithm that assigns switches to root
bridge and to assign switch ports to root ports after works through an election process. The Bridge-

Page 29 of 31

ID (BID) which has the bridge priority and the MAC address is controlled by the election process. The
lowest MAC address will be the root bridge

8. Banner Massages
Banner Message of the Day (MOTD) is implemented in each branch, in their routers and their
switches. The Message will be displayed as soon as the person enters the device (Switch or Router).
There will be two messages, the first message will be implemented in routes only which is for
welcoming the user in the branch and the second message will be implemented in routes and
switches which will be that the unauthorized access is forbidden. The captures below will show an
example of our banner message.

9. IPv6
The company might update their network to IPV6 which is IP version 6 and it is the last version of the
internet protocol. That will help them to get a larger Ip address range than IPV4 which is the one
implemented in the network. Having IPV6 addressing scheme has more efficient packet processing
because unlink IPV4, IPV6 does not have IP-Level checksum so there will be no need to recalculate at
every router hop ("Bahrain Polytechnic - IT Team"). Also, IPV6 have a direct data flow and that
because it supports multicasting which allows the user to send bandwidth-intensive packet through
the network while saving the bandwidth. ("Six Benefits Of IPv6 - Network Computing")
The company may need to change the IPV that they are using in case of an expanding because there
is a huge difference between IPV6 and IPV4. ("IPv6.com - Top 10 Features that make IPv6 greater
than IPv4")

Auto Configuration of address is available in IPV6 while in IPV4 DHCP should be used to
configure ip address.

Provide a large IP Address range

Provide a better connectivity

Provide a better security for application and networks

Better multicasting

Ease of Administration

Page 30 of 31

Reference List

Bahrain Polytechnic - IT Team. (2014). ACL (Power Point Slids).

Bahrain Polytechnic - IT Team. (2014). Frame Relay (Power Point Slids)

Bahrain Polytechnic - IT Team. (2014). IPV6(Power Point Slids).

Bahrain Polytechnic - IT Team. (2014). NAT & PAP (Power Point Slids).

Bahrain Polytechnic - IT Team. (2014). STP(Power Point Slids).

Frame Relay. (n.d.). Retrieved December 29, 2014, from


http://www.protocols.com/pbook/frame.htm

IP Access List Overview. (2006, January 1). Retrieved December 29, 2014, from
http://www.cisco.com/c/en/us/td/docs/ios/sec_data_plane/configuration/guide/12_4/se
c_data_plane_12_4_book/sec_access_list_ov.pdf

IPv6.com - Top 10 Features that make IPv6 greater than IPv4. (n.d.). Retrieved
December 29, 2014, from http://ipv6.com/articles/general/Top-10-Features-thatmake-IPv6-greater-than-IPv4-Part3.htm

Six Benefits Of IPv6 - Network Computing. (n.d.). Retrieved December 29, 2014,
from http://www.networkcomputing.com/networking/six-benefits-of-ipv6/d/did/1232791?

The Pros and Cons of OSPF and EIGRP. (2009, September 5). Retrieved December
29, 2014, from https://gotechsf.wordpress.com/2009/09/05/the-pros-and-cons-of-ospfand-eigrp/

Page 31 of 31