Sie sind auf Seite 1von 16

Individual Assessment Cover Sheet

Assessment Title:

COMPARISON OF WINDOWS7 PROFESSIONAL AND UBUNTU 12.04

Programme Title:

IT

Course No.:

ITB5004

Course Title:

UNIX System

Student Names:

Salaar Sharif, Zainab Ali

Student IDs:

201401097, 201300423

By submitting this assessment for marking, either electronically or as hard copy, I confirm the
following:

This assignment is my own work


Any information used has been properly referenced.
I understand that a copy of my work may be used for moderation.
I have kept a copy of this assignment

Student Name:Salaar Sharif 201401097 Zainab Ali 201300423


Assignment Title Comparison of Windows 7 and Ubuntu 12.04
Tutor(s)Dimitrios Liarokapis
Due Date 10/May/2015
Word Count 2460

Contents

.................................................................... 1
Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 3
Terms of reference.......................................................................................................................... 3
Method ........................................................................................................................................... 3
1.

Open and closed source .................................................................................................................. 4


Introduction ........................................................................................................................................ 4
1.1

Definition ................................................................................................................................ 4

1.1.1.

Differences between open source and closed source system ........................................ 4

1.1.2.

The consequences of using open source system for an end-user .................................. 5

1.1.3.

The consequences of using open source system for an administrator .......................... 5

1.1.4.

The consequences of using closed source software for an end-user ............................. 6

1.1.5.

Consequences of using closed source software for an administrator ............................ 6

Justification ..................................................................................................................................... 6
2.1

: Software Availability ............................................................................................................. 7

2.1.1

Accounting Software ....................................................................................................... 7

2.1.2

Word Processors ............................................................................................................. 8

2.1.3. Programming Software ......................................................................................................... 8


2.1.4. Media Software ..................................................................................................................... 9
2.1.5.

Database management Software ................................................................................... 9

Justification ..................................................................................................................................... 9
3

Chapter 3 Multiuser and Single user System ................................................................................ 10


Introduction ...................................................................................................................................... 10
3.1

Definition of multi-user and Single-user System .................................................................. 10

3.1.1

Advantages of Multi-user system ................................................................................. 10

3.1.2

Advantages of Single-user Systems............................................................................... 10

3.1.3

Feaures of Multi-user and Single-user system.............................................................. 11

Conclusion ............................................................................................................................................. 13
Bibliography .......................................................................................................................................... 14

Page 2 of 16

Student Name:Salaar Sharif 201401097 Zainab Ali 201300423


Assignment Title Comparison of Windows 7 and Ubuntu 12.04
Tutor(s)Dimitrios Liarokapis
Due Date 10/May/2015
Word Count 2460

Introduction
The purpose of this report is to conduct a comparative research between two types of operating
systems for a small financial business in order to select the appropriate type of OS to be installed in
the computer systems in the company. The most commonly used operating systems at home and at
work is Windows 7 which is manufactured by Microsoft and was made available to the public on 22nd
October 2009 to work as a closed source software. The prevalent operating system is Ubuntu 12.04,
which is an easy-to-use version of Linux, created by a small team of developers selected by Mark
Shuttleworth. Ubuntu 12.04 had been released on the 23rd August 2012, designed to work as an
opens source software.
Terms of reference
The report was requested by Dimitrios Liarokapis who is a Unix System tutor currently employed by
the Bahrain polytechnic.

Method
The researched was conducted using a wide range of websites from the internet, interviews from
peers, books and from the library and articles online.

Page 3 of 16

Student Name:Salaar Sharif 201401097 Zainab Ali 201300423


Assignment Title Comparison of Windows 7 and Ubuntu 12.04
Tutor(s)Dimitrios Liarokapis
Due Date 10/May/2015
Word Count 2460

1. Open and closed source


Introduction
The first section of this report will discuss about what open and closed source operating
systems are,as well as the differences and cons of using open source operating systems for
the end-users and administrators.
1.1

Definition

There are two types of software currently available. Open source and closed source
software. (Open source software)OSS provides limited restrictions to create, modify or
delete software code e.g. Ubuntu 12.04. Whereas closed source software such as windows 7
is a licensed product restricting the user to alter the software codes by encrypting into a
form, which can only be accessed and modified by a highly qualified team of professionals.

1.1.1. Differences between open source and closed source system


Online Support
If a closed source software were to breakdown or encounter a system failure this would be an
issue as the internet does not provide many solutions as to how this problem could be
resolved. Windows possess its private online help lines in case of these situations
(https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/product/windows/windows-7).
On the other hand, for OSS users there are is a lot of information and resources available as
well as online discussions related to the problems on any Linux related website or blog as it is
an OSS.
License agreement
Closed source software (Windows 7) is a licensed product manufactured by Microsoft and
should be purchased legally. As for OSS (Ubuntu 12.04) which can be easily downloaded and
installed directly from the Ubuntu website (http://www.ubuntu.com/download) it has no
license agreement to term and conditions.

Updating the system


Upgrading and updating an OSS is more direct and faster than that of a closed source. In order
to upgrade an open source operating system, the end user would simply have to download
the update from the Ubuntu website which releases newer versions of the system every six
months approximately. As for CSS (windows7) an update would be detected automatically
through the windows update program built in the operating system or can be manually
downloaded from the Microsoft website, which releases new updates on the fourth Tuesday
of every month.

Page 4 of 16

Student Name:Salaar Sharif 201401097 Zainab Ali 201300423


Assignment Title Comparison of Windows 7 and Ubuntu 12.04
Tutor(s)Dimitrios Liarokapis
Due Date 10/May/2015
Word Count 2460

Control
A CSS would not grant to you access to the software codes which means the user will not be
able to entirely control the system internally. Meanwhile OSS allows access to the source
codes which would benefit the use as he/she will be able to read and modify the software
codes according to their needs.
Price
In order to use a CSS the user must first purchase the license agreement and furthermore in
order to install the most basic safety features (e.g. firewall) the user must purchase the
product either directly from the Microsoft website or from an electronic store worth which is
highly expensive. As for OSS, firewall and many more features are available for free download
on the internet just like the OS.
1.1.2. The consequences of using open source system for an end-user

Allows the users to download numerous applications from the internet without
having to pay any additional charges.

The users are stopped from developing and improving the current state of the
software.

The OSS charges would not be applied for its use.

The user may face difficulty to work on OSS such as Ubuntu if he/she is a regular
closed source software user.
1.1.3. The consequences of using open source system for an administrator

The admin will have the liberty to install as many programs as he/she requires
without any issues concerning the cost as the company would pay for all the
additional purchases made.

The administrator is responsible for any modification or action committed to the


system.

The administrator would be given the liberty to develop and modify the current
software provided by the business and be able to modify to support the business
needs.

Page 5 of 16

Student Name:Salaar Sharif 201401097 Zainab Ali 201300423


Assignment Title Comparison of Windows 7 and Ubuntu 12.04
Tutor(s)Dimitrios Liarokapis
Due Date 10/May/2015
Word Count 2460

1.1.4. The consequences of using closed source software for an end-user

Software codes are encrypted and can only be viewed and modified by a team of
qualified developers.
The user may not need to gain knowledge of coding or editing software codes.

In order to use the system applications and software the user would have purchase
the commercial license for the specific system.

The user would be restricted to modifying or editing the default software source
codes.

1.1.5. Consequences of using closed source software for an administrator


The administrator has the ability to decide which employees are granted permission
to view certain aspects.

Closed system software administrators should upgrade the system software


frequently so as to rank higher than OSS companies.

The administrator would not be permitted to change the source code depending on
the requirements of the company.

Justification
Taking the advantages and disadvantages into consideration, both operating systems contain their
benefits aiding the user and administrator in their own ways. In my opinion, OSS would the better
option for small business as final cost would be less compared to installing closed system software
into the computer systems.

Page 6 of 16

Student Name:Salaar Sharif 201401097 Zainab Ali 201300423


Assignment Title Comparison of Windows 7 and Ubuntu 12.04
Tutor(s)Dimitrios Liarokapis
Due Date 10/May/2015
Word Count 2460

2.1 : Software Availability


This section of the report will discuss the availability of different types of software for the two
operating systems: Windows 7 and Ubuntu 12.04. As well as their functions and descriptions of
the software available for each operating system.

2.1.1

Accounting Software

An accounting software is capable of carrying out most basic tasks required to manage
transactions of a small or big business. The financial data can be stored in an SQL database using
any database application (e.g. MySQL). Thereby, giving the user the freedom to generate reports
and numerous types of graphs. An example of this type of software application is GnuCash
which is available for Ubuntu 12.04. A similar and popular type of application available on
windows 7 is called TurboCASH capable of:

Generating transactions
Payrolls
Invoices
Importing and exporting XML files
Generating account charts

Figure 1 TurboCASH generating invoice

Page 7 of 16

Student Name:Salaar Sharif 201401097 Zainab Ali 201300423


Assignment Title Comparison of Windows 7 and Ubuntu 12.04
Tutor(s)Dimitrios Liarokapis
Due Date 10/May/2015
Word Count 2460

2.1.2

Word Processors

Word processor software is a software which allows the user to generate reports, type articles
etc. An example of a word processor is Microsoft Word. Word processors are well equipped
with numerous fonts and font colors allowing the user to create tables and insert images.
However, Ubuntu contains a word processor application which can do the exact same
actions but with a different name which is Libre office writer.
The image below represents the applications Libre office writer has to offer which are:
Allowing the user to use different colored fonts, sizes and text styles
Enter graphical art
Insert tables, structures and shapes
Carry out mathematical calculations

o
Figure 2 Libre office writer features

2.1.3. Programming Software


A programming software is a type of developer software which can be used to generate, retain,
debug and run small applications. An example of programming software is Java net beans
which allows the user to develop small applications from modular set software mechanisms,
also known as modules. Ubuntu on the other hand, also contains many programming
applications that are available. Brackets is an application consistent of supporting languages
such as java scripts/HTML and CSS.
Page 8 of 16

Student Name:Salaar Sharif 201401097 Zainab Ali 201300423


Assignment Title Comparison of Windows 7 and Ubuntu 12.04
Tutor(s)Dimitrios Liarokapis
Due Date 10/May/2015
Word Count 2460

2.1.4. Media Software


Media software are used to play multimedia files such as audio or video files. Most media
players have the ability to play both audio and video together. Many operating systems
come with their own unique media players. For example: windows comes with windows
media player which requires further add-on extensions in order to play different type of
multimedia files and Ubuntu uses VLC media player which is a freeware application also
available on windows 7.
2.1.5. Database management Software
Database software is a database management system, which are used to produce entities,
filing data entry along with updating and deletion of data. An example of this software is
Oracle SQL Developer, which is an application, used to generate, edit and delete databases
from a management system. This software application is capable of:
Generating entities
Inserting data into the database
Creating attributes
Deleing/dropping tables
Updating tables
Ubuntu also contains database management software capable of carrying out similar
features to Oracle SQL Developer known by the name of MySQL. It has high
performance data entries and a high performance query engine. It has been made
especially for open source OS such as Ubuntu 12.04.
The software availability between the operating systems: windows 7 & and Ubuntu 12.04 differ
slightly. As both systems are able to run specific software types such as defensive software.
However, there may be a few types of software that are not capable of running on an Ubuntu 12.04
OS, but would run successfully on windows 7. Software such as a word processor may be able to run
on both operating systems however using different application names (e.g. MS Word and Libre
Office writer). Third party software however, is made available in both systems consisting of the
most common applications for example Skype.
Justification
In my opinion, windows 7 would offer a much better and a wider range of software availability
compared to Ubuntu 12.04 however few software applications cost may vary as windows 7 is a
closed source licensed OS.

Page 9 of 16

Student Name:Salaar Sharif 201401097 Zainab Ali 201300423


Assignment Title Comparison of Windows 7 and Ubuntu 12.04
Tutor(s)Dimitrios Liarokapis
Due Date 10/May/2015
Word Count 2460

Chapter 3 Multiuser and Single user System

Introduction
An operating system may fall into many categories. Two of these categories are multi-user and
single-user. This section of the report will compare a multi-user and a single-user system as well the
advantages and disadvantages each system holds to its specified use.

3.1 Definition of multi-user and Single-user System


Single user operating systems are intended to provide services which can be used by one person
at one computer at a time. An example of a single user OS would be a mobile phone, as only one
user can be permitted to use the device at one time. However windows 7 is an exception as it
was initially built to work as a single user OS but can support multi-user OS as well the whole
network would be run by the administrator
Whereas, Multi-user operating systems offer a concurrent access to multiple users on one
computer at the same time. Batch processing systems which mainly are used by mainframe
computers often are multi-user systems. An example of a multi user system would be the UNIX
(Ubuntu 12.04) server which allows multiple users to gain access to their respected UNIX
accounts via the same terminal connected to any PC.

3.1.1

Advantages of Multi-user system

Multiple users would be given access to their terminals as they are all connected to one
central processor. The central processor can control the actions of the other terminals
through a process called time sharing.

Computer hardware can be expensive to buy for each PC. Multiuser OSs allow numerous
computers to share one piece of hardware, resulting in reduced overall cost.

If one computer in the terminal breaks down, other computers would be affected by the
result of the crash.

Each user would be allowed to share its screen with other users.

Reduction in the amount of electricity consumption as amount of hardware used is


decreased.

3.1.2

Advantages of Single-user Systems

Only one user will be allowed to access the data contained on a single-user OS device
making the data more secure and under the responsibility of the end user. (e.g. A cell phone)

The risk of someone else able to interfere, read, or edit a persons work is highly reduced as
only one user is be able to access the data.

Page 10 of 16

Student Name:Salaar Sharif 201401097 Zainab Ali 201300423


Assignment Title Comparison of Windows 7 and Ubuntu 12.04
Tutor(s)Dimitrios Liarokapis
Due Date 10/May/2015
Word Count 2460

The overall speed of the system would be dramatically increased, as the memory space is
not being shared with another PC.

A multi-user OS shares the main systems memory among other processors whereas a single
user operating system does not share memory with other computers. Therefore, containing
more memory space than a multi-user OS.

In multi-user a OS, if the main processor fails or crashes it would affect all the other
computers connected in that terminal. But if a single user system crashes no other systems
would be harmed.

3.1.3

Feaures of Multi-user and Single-user system

Multiuser OSs shares resources with other computers in the terminal so if one computer
fails to respond the work of other computers would not be affected. However, if the
computer crashes on the single user OS the entire work could be lost or corrupted due to
the crash.

Windows 7 is built to work as a single user system by default but is capable to working as a
multi user system as it allows the creation of multiple user accounts on one system. Ubuntu
however is created to perform as a multiuser system as more than one user will allowed to
use the machine at a time and a much better hierarchal structure to maintain organizational
structure and data.

A single user system can be broken down into two types, single task and multi-task. Multi
task feature allows the user to run more than one type off a program on the system (e.g.
web browser and text editor) whereas a single task allows the user to just run one software
at a time.

Figure 3 only one user can login at a time in windows

A multiuser system (Ubuntu) is capable of performing file sharing among other PCs
connected in the terminal. File sharing would allow users to share a file among each other at
the same time. Whereas a single user system would support file sharing as only one person
would be allowed to access the file, one user a t a time (e.g. a cell phone or windows 7)

Page 11 of 16

Student Name:Salaar Sharif 201401097 Zainab Ali 201300423


Assignment Title Comparison of Windows 7 and Ubuntu 12.04
Tutor(s)Dimitrios Liarokapis
Due Date 10/May/2015
Word Count 2460

Figure 4 ubuntu allows file sharing between other users

Multi-user systems are built in a way to share the resources among other computers. A
system called Time sharing can be sued to share one central processor among a group on
computers connected in a network. Whereas a single user system is not capable of sharing
one CPU among other computers.

Page 12 of 16

Student Name:Salaar Sharif 201401097 Zainab Ali 201300423


Assignment Title Comparison of Windows 7 and Ubuntu 12.04
Tutor(s)Dimitrios Liarokapis
Due Date 10/May/2015
Word Count 2460

Conclusion
To conclude, windows 7 professional and Ubuntu 12.04 are both good operating systems based on
their requirements for a small financial business.
In order to run a small financial business the concept of an open source would better suit the
business, as they would not be able to afford the expenses. Ubuntu 12.04 OS offers many financial
applications that work similarly to the application available in windows 7. The most popular financial
application available in windows in TurboCASH which works similar to GnuCash available in
Ubuntu 12.04. In order to generate reports and large text files windows offers Microsoft office
where as Ubuntu offers similar applications called Libre office. The best option of OS for a small
financial business would Ubuntu 12.04 as it will reduce the overall cost of implementation but also
reduce power intake as it works as a multi-user OS.

Page 13 of 16

Student Name:Salaar Sharif 201401097 Zainab Ali 201300423


Assignment Title Comparison of Windows 7 and Ubuntu 12.04
Tutor(s)Dimitrios Liarokapis
Due Date 10/May/2015
Word Count 2460

Bibliography
(n.d.). Retrieved May 3rd, 2015, from http://download.ba/uploads/images/2014/01/LibreOffice.png
(n.d.). Retrieved May 3rd, 2015, from
http://docs.oracle.com/cd/E39885_01/appdev.40/e38414/img/ui.gif
(n.d.). Retrieved April 21st, 2015, from http://www.gofree.com/LibreOffice/SS1/5.jpg
5 Things You Need to Know About Ubuntu 14.04 LTS. (n.d.). Retrieved April 27th, 2015, from How to
Geek: http://www.howtogeek.com/188589/5-things-you-need-to-know-about-ubuntu-14.04-lts/
Difference between Single User and Multi-User Operating System. (2012). Retrieved May 9th, 2015,
from Difference Between: http://www.differencebetween.info/difference-between-single-user-andmulti-user-operating-system
Features. (2014). Retrieved May 9th, 2015, from GNU Cash: http://www.gnucash.org/features.phtml
Linux vs Windows. (n.d.). Retrieved March 28th, 2015, from Techluminati :
http://techluminati.com/operating-systems/linux-vs-windows/
Multimedia Software: Working with Audio and Video. (n.d.). Retrieved May 4th, 2015, from
Study.com: http://study.com/academy/lesson/multimedia-software-working-with-audio-andvideo.html
MySQL. (2014, June 4th). Retrieved May 9th, 2015, from Linux Links:
http://www.linuxlinks.com/article/20071021085924955/MySQL.html
Noyes, K., & Schmitz, D. (2012, November 26th). 10 reasons to choose Ubuntu 12.10 over Windows
8. Retrieved April 26th, 2015, from PC World: http://www.pcworld.com/article/2013431/10reasons-to-choose-ubuntu-12-10-over-windows-8.html
Prakash, A. (2012, Augest 3rd). Five Latest Unity Lenses For Ubuntu. Retrieved May 6th, 2015, from
Make Tech Easier: http://www.maketecheasier.com/five-latest-unity-lenses-for-ubuntu/
Rehman, J. (2014, August 26th). Advantages and disadvantages of multi user operating system.
Retrieved April 28th, 2015, from IT Release: http://www.itrelease.com/2014/08/advantagesdisadvantages-multi-user-operating-system/
Rubens, P. (2013, November 14). How to Run Your Small Business With Free OSS. Retrieved April
26th, 2015, from CIO: http://www.cio.com/article/2380921/open-source-tools/how-to-run-yoursmall-business-with-free-open-source-software.html
TURBO CASH .7 FEATURES & SCREENSHOTS. (2014). Retrieved May 9th, 2015, from Turbo Cash:
http://www.turbocashuk.com/accounting-software-features.html
Ubuntu 15.04 . (n.d.). Retrieved May 1st, 2015, from Ubuntu Documentation:
https://help.ubuntu.com/stable/ubuntu-help/unity-dash-intro.html

Page 14 of 16

Student Name:Salaar Sharif 201401097 Zainab Ali 201300423


Assignment Title Comparison of Windows 7 and Ubuntu 12.04
Tutor(s)Dimitrios Liarokapis
Due Date 10/May/2015
Word Count 2460

Page 15 of 16

Student Name:Salaar Sharif 201401097 Zainab Ali 201300423


Assignment Title Comparison of Windows 7 and Ubuntu 12.04
Tutor(s)Dimitrios Liarokapis
Due Date 10/May/2015
Word Count 2460

Page 16 of 16