Sie sind auf Seite 1von 5

Amberly Green

November 30, 2007


The Scarlet Letter

Hawthorne, Nathaniel. The Scarlet Letter. New York: Amsco School Publications, Inc., 1970.

Quote Paraphrase or Summary Rhetorical Strategy Effect of Function


1. “The door of the jail being flung When the jail door opened, there Simile Hawthorne’s comparison of the
open from within, there appeared, first emerged, like a dark silhouette town official to a “black shadow
in the first place, like a black and broke through into daylight. It emerging into the sunshine”
shadow emerging into the sunshine, was a harsh and gruesome paints a clear picture of the
the grim and grisly presence of the appearance of the town official, seriousness of the issue before
town-beadle, with a sword by his armed with a weapon on his side. the town. Because adultery was
side and his staff of office in his such a shameful act, the town
hand.” (Hawthorne 43) officer had to condemn Hester
with a very harsh punishment.
The dark shadow represents the
dark sin committed and the even
darker punishment that Hester is
to receive.
2. “It was so artistically done, and The scarlet letter that Hester wears Irony It is ironic that despite Hester’s
with so must fertility and gorgeous on her chest is very beautiful and appalling and disgraceful act of
abundance of fancy, that it had all intricately sewn. The decorative sin, a beautiful and artistic “A” is
the effect of a last and fitting “A” was to last and must always be a token of her punishment. This
decoration to the apparel which she worn. It was superior over other contradiction heightens the
wore; and which was of splendor in clothes of the day and far ahead of shame placed upon Hester.
accordance with the taste of the age, what was acceptable of the fashion
but greatly beyond what was of the settlement.
allowed by the sumptuary
regulations of the colony.”

-1-
(Hawthorne 44)
3. A writhing horror twisted itself A painful terror warped itself along Simile Hester and her husband have
across his features, like a snake his skin, like a serpent sliding made eye contact. This
gliding swiftly over them, and quickly over them, and pausing, comparison is between Rodger
making one little pause, with all its with its creases and bends exposed Chillingworth (her husband) and
wreathed intervolutions in open for everyone to see. a snake. Snakes are commonly
sight.” (Hawthorne 50-51) crafty and rouge. This
comparison shows the readers
that Chillingworth, like a snake,
is likely sneak around and attack
whoever has slept with his wife.
4. “To say the truth, there was much Truthfully, Hester and especially Strong diction: The strong diction used by
need of professional assistance, not Pearl needed specialized help. turmoil, anguish, Hawthorne in this sentence
merely for Hester herself, but still Pearl’s nourishment came from her despair, convulsions conveys to the reader the
more urgently for the child; who, mother. Along with her food, the of pain, moral agony suffering both Hester and Pearl
drawing its sustenance from the child drank all of the torment, endured. Hester and her child
maternal bosom, seemed to have suffering, and misery which need more than physical help.
drank in with it all the turmoil, the permeated through Hester’s body. Not only did Pearl receive
anguish, and despair, which Now, it was twisted in tremors of nourishment from her mother,
pervaded the mother’s system. It hurt and aggressively in its small the child also consumed pain and
now writhed in convulsions of pain, shape of honest pain, the child was agony from Hester. Both needed
and with forcible type, in its little born. cleansing from the inward
form, of moral agony which Hester turmoil that constantly tore
Prynne had born throughout the inside of them.
day. (Hawthorne 59)
5. “—Live therefore, and bear about Chillingworth is telling his wife Anaphora Hawthorne’s parallel phrases
thy doom with thee, in the eyes of (Hester) to live and to accept her Asyndeton beginning with “in” and his
men and women,--in the eyes of his judgment with him before omission of conjunctions,
whom thou didst call the husband,-- everyone. replaced with “—“ further
in the eyes of yonder child!” heighten the shame Hester must
(Hawthorne 61) endure. Anyone Hester will ever

-2-
encounter will know about her
dark past. Chillingworth is
clearly explaining that her sin
cannot and will not hide.
6. “No matter whether of love or It does not matter if you love me or Parallelism The steady beat of the sentence
hate; no matter whether of right or if you hate me; it does not matter Steady beat represents the steady life that a
wrong! Thou and thine, Hester whether it is wrong or right. Hester Rhyme husband and wife should lead
Prynne, belong to me. My home is Prynne, you are mine and you together. Chillingworth is upset
where thou art, and where he is. But belong to me. Do not be disloyal to that his wife betrayed him and
betray me not!” (Hawthorne 64) me! his word choice shows that. The
short, exclamatory sentence at
the end set Chillingworth’s angry
tone.
7. “Were it God’s will…I could be “If it were in God’s plans… I would Parallelism Hawthorne’s parallel phrases,
well content, that my labors, and be happily satisfied, that my hard Polysyndeton connected with conjunctions,
my sorrows, and my sins, and my work, and my sadness, and my combine all of Dimmesdale’s
pains, should shortly end with me, transgression, and my hurt, will unwanted earthly belongings. All
and what is earthly of them be soon finish with me, and all the add up and pile onto one another,
buried in my grave, and the spiritual worldly things taken to my grave, ending in Dimmesdale’s death.
go with me to my eternal state, and my spirit follow me for eternity,
rather than that you should put your rather than you healing me.
skill to the proof in my behalf.”
(Hawthorne 104)
8. “And I conceive, moreover, that Additionally, I imagine that the Foreshadowing Because Dimmesdale is a
the hearts holding such miserable mind’s keeping such wretched minister and a respectable man
secrets as you speak of will yield secrets as you take will willingly of the day, he feels he cannot
them up, at that day, not with surrender at that time with an reveal his secret. If he exposes
reluctance, but with a joy unspeakable happiness. his dark sin, he will no longer be
unutterable.” (Hawthorne 113) respectable and will be a
hypocrite. Dimmesdale is hinting
to Chillingworth that he will not

-3-
keep his secret forever, but will
“[joyously]” confess his
transgression.
9. “Rodger Chillingworth, however, Chillingworth was prone to not be Alliteration The “p” words in this sentence
was inclined to be hardly, if at all, pleased with relationships. Fate— Personification add emphasis to Hawthorne’s
less satisfied with the aspect of using the punisher and his sufferer strong diction and to the words
affairs, which Providence—using for his own intention, and perhaps, he wants to be stressed. By
the avenger and his victim for its forgiving, where it needs to be capitalizing “Providence” and
own purposes, and perchance, punished the most—had replaced referring to it as “him,”
pardoning, where it seems most to his dark strategies. Hawthorne gives the word
punish—had substituted for his human characteristics and the
black devices.” (Hawthorne 121) word becomes dominant over
others.
10. “Your clutch is on his life, and You have a hold on Dimmesdale’s Oxymoron Hawthorne’s use of oxymoron
you cause him to die daily a living life and you are the reason he (“living death”) shows that
death; and still he knows you not.” suffers daily; and yet he still dose Dimmesdale can not escape his
(Hawthorne 149) not know your real identity. sin, so he must live with the
knowledge of it everyday.
Chillingworth’s presence in
Dimmesdale’s life is a constant
reminder of the wretched sin he
committed. Even though
Dimmesdale does not know that
Chillingworth is Hester’s
husband, Chillingworth is still a
torment to him and reminds him
daily of the inescapable reality.
Dimmesdale is in a trap.
11. “There is no good for him,--no Nothing good will come for Parallelism Hawthorne’s successive phrases
good for me,--no good for thee! Dimmesdale, for me, for you, or for Anaphora mimic the maze Chillingworth
There is no good for little Pearl! Pearl! No course will direct our Asyndeton and Hester stumble through. Just

-4-
There is no path to guide us out of steps out of this gloomy, convoluted as the phrases continuously
this dismal maze!” (Hawthorne mess! repeat each other, Chillingworth
151) and Hester will forever be stuck
in disarray.

-5-