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6/16/2015

Homework5

Homework5
Due:7:30pmonTuesday,June2,2015
Youwillreceivenocreditforitemsyoucompleteaftertheassignmentisdue.GradingPolicy

Exercise9.16
Att = 0 agrindingwheelhasanangularvelocityof30.0rad/s .Ithasaconstantangularaccelerationof30.0rad/s 2 untila
circuitbreakertripsattimet=2.50s .Fromthenon,itturnsthroughanangle433rad asitcoaststoastopatconstant
angularacceleration.

PartA
Throughwhattotalangledidthewheelturnbetweent

= 0

andthetimeitstopped?

ANSWER:

= 602 rad

Correct

PartB
Atwhattimediditstop?
ANSWER:
t

= 10.7 s

Correct

PartC
Whatwasitsaccelerationasitsloweddown?
ANSWER:

= 12.7 rad/s 2

Correct

Problem9.74
Asphereconsistsofasolidwoodenballofuniformdensity800 kg/m3 andradius0.30mandiscoveredwithathincoating
ofleadfoilwithareadensity20 kg/m2 .

PartA
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Calculatethemomentofinertiaofthissphereaboutanaxispassingthroughitscenter.
ANSWER:
I

= 4.61 kg m2

Correct

ParallelAxisTheorem
TheparallelaxistheoremrelatesIcm ,themomentofinertiaofanobjectaboutanaxispassingthroughitscenterofmass,
toIp ,themomentofinertiaofthesameobjectaboutaparallelaxispassingthroughpointp.Themathematicalstatementof
thetheoremisIp = Icm + M d 2 ,whered istheperpendiculardistancefromthecenterofmasstotheaxisthatpasses
throughpointp,andM isthemassoftheobject.

PartA
SupposeauniformslenderrodhaslengthLandmassm.Themomentofinertiaoftherodaboutaboutanaxisthatis
perpendiculartotherodandthatpassesthroughitscenterofmassisgivenbyI cm

momentofinertiaoftherodwithrespecttoaparallelaxisthroughoneendoftherod.

1
12

mL

.FindIend ,the

ExpressIend intermsofmandL.Usefractionsratherthandecimalnumbersinyouranswer.

Hint1.Findthedistancefromtheaxistothecenterofmass
Findthedistanced appropriatetothisproblem.Thatis,findtheperpendiculardistancefromthecenterofmass
oftherodtotheaxispassingthroughoneendoftherod.
ANSWER:
d

L
2

Correct

ANSWER:

Iend

mL

Correct

PartB
Nowconsideracubeofmassmwithedgesoflengtha .ThemomentofinertiaIcm ofthecubeaboutanaxisthrough
itscenterofmassandperpendiculartooneofitsfacesisgivenbyI cm
aboutanaxispthroughoneoftheedgesofthecube

1
6

ma

.FindIedge ,themomentofinertia

I
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Homework5

ExpressIedge intermsofmanda .Usefractionsrather


thandecimalnumbersinyouranswer.

Hint1.Findthedistancefromtheo axistothepaxis
Findtheperpendiculardistanced fromthecenterofmassaxistothenewedgeaxis(axislabeledpinthefigure).
ANSWER:
d

a
2

ANSWER:
Iedge

2
3

ma

Correct

KineticEnergyofaDumbbell
Thisproblemillustratesthetwocontributionstothekineticenergyofanextendedobject:rotationalkineticenergyand
translationalkineticenergy.YouaretofindthetotalkineticenergyKtotal ofadumbbellofmassmwhenitisrotatingwith
angularspeedanditscenterofmassismovingtranslationallywithspeedv .Denotethedumbbell'smomentofinertia
aboutitscenterofmassbyIcm .Notethatifyouapproximatethespheresaspointmassesofmassm/2 eachlocateda
distancer fromthecenterandignorethemomentofinertiaoftheconnectingrod,thenthemomentofinertiaofthedumbbell
isgivenbyIcm = mr 2 ,butthisfactwillnotbenecessaryforthisproblem.

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PartA
FindthetotalkineticenergyKtot ofthedumbbell.
Expressyouranswerintermsofm,v ,Icm ,and.

Hint1.Howtoapproachtheproblem
Computeseparatelytherotationalandtranslationalkineticenergiesofthedumbbell.Thenaddthetwotofindthe
totalkineticenergy.

Hint2.Findtherotationalkineticenergy
Whatisthedumbbell'srotationalkineticenergyKr ?
GiveyouranswerintermsofsomeorallofthevariablesIcm ,v ,and.

Hint1.Formulaforrotationalkineticenergy
TheformulafortherotationalkineticenergyKrot ofabodywithmomentofinertiaI aboutsomeaxis,
rotatingwithangularvelocityaboutit,is
K rot =

1
2

ANSWER:
Kr

1
2

I cm

Hint3.Findthetranslationalkineticenergy
Whatisthedumbbell'stranslationalkineticenergyKt ?
Giveyouranswerintermsofsomeorallofthevariablesm,v ,and.
ANSWER:

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Kt

1
2

mv

ANSWER:
Ktot

1
2

mv

1
2

I cm

Correct

PartB
Therotationalkineticenergytermisoftencalledthekineticenergyinthecenterofmass,whilethetranslationalkinetic
energytermiscalledthekineticenergyofthecenterofmass.
Youfoundthatthetotalkineticenergyisthesumofthekineticenergyinthecenterofmassplusthekineticenergyof
thecenterofmass.Asimilardecompositionexistsforangularandlinearmomentum.Therearealsorelated
decompositionsthatworkforsystemsofmasses,notjustrigidbodieslikeadumbbell.
ItisimportanttounderstandtheapplicabilityoftheformulaKtot
necessaryfortheformulatobevalid?

= Kr + Kt

.Whichofthefollowingconditionsare

Checkallthatapply.
ANSWER:

Thevelocityvectorv mustbeperpendiculartotheaxisofrotation.

Thevelocityvectorv mustbeperpendicularorparalleltotheaxisofrotation.

Themomentofinertiamustbetakenaboutanaxisthroughthecenterofmass.

Correct

Exercise10.3
Asquaremetalplate0.180moneachsideispivotedaboutanaxisthroughpointO atitscenterandperpendiculartothe
plate.

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PartA
Calculatethenettorqueaboutthisaxisduetothethreeforcesshowninthefigureifthemagnitudesoftheforcesare
F 1 =24.0N , F 2 =14.6N ,and F 3 =16.7N .Theplateandallforcesareintheplaneofthepage.Takepositive
torquestobecounterclockwise.
ANSWER:

= 1.28 N m

Correct

Exercise10.13
Atextbookofmass1.95kg restsonafrictionless,horizontalsurface.Acordattachedtothebookpassesoverapulley
whosediameteris0.160m,toahangingbookwithmass3.07kg .Thesystemisreleasedfromrest,andthebooksare
observedtomoveadistance1.15moveratimeintervalof0.750s .

PartA
Whatisthetensioninthepartofthecordattachedtothetextbook?
ANSWER:
7.97 N

Correct

PartB
Whatisthetensioninthepartofthecordattachedtothebook?
Takethefreefallaccelerationtobeg =9.80m/s 2 .
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ANSWER:
17.5 N

Correct

PartC
Whatisthemomentofinertiaofthepulleyaboutitsrotationaxis?
Takethefreefallaccelerationtobeg =9.80m/s 2 .
ANSWER:
2
1.50102 kg m

Correct

Exercise10.45
Alargewoodenturntableintheshapeofaflatuniformdiskhasaradiusof2.00mandatotalmassof140kg .Theturntable
isinitiallyrotatingat4.00rad/s aboutaverticalaxisthroughitscenter.Suddenly,a75.0kg parachutistmakesasoft
landingontheturntableatapointneartheouteredge.

PartA
Findtheangularspeedoftheturntableaftertheparachutistlands.(Assumethatyoucantreattheparachutistasa
particle.)
ANSWER:
2

= 1.93 rad/s

Correct

PartB
Computethekineticenergyofthesystembeforetheparachutistlands.
ANSWER:
K1

= 2240 J

Correct

PartC
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Computethekineticenergyofthesystemaftertheparachutistlands.
ANSWER:
K2

= 1080 J

Correct

PartD
Whyarethesekineticenergiesnotequal?
ANSWER:
3701Character(s)remaining
Frictiondoesnegativeworkinordertokeeptheparachutist
ontheturntable,whichslowsitdown.

Submitted,gradepending

Exercise11.30
Averticalsolidsteelpostofdiameterd =25cmandlengthL=2.20misrequiredtosupportaloadofmassm=7500kg .
Youcanignoretheweightofthepost.Takefreefallaccelerationtobeg = 9.8m/s 2 .

PartA
Whatisthestressinthepost?
Expressyouranswerusingtwosignificantfigures.
ANSWER:
P

= 1.5106 Pa

Correct

PartB
Whatisthestraininthepost?
Expressyouranswerusingtwosignificantfigures.
ANSWER:
L
L

= 7.5106

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Correct

PartC
Whatisthechangeinthepost'slengthwhentheloadisapplied?
Expressyouranswerusingtwosignificantfigures.
ANSWER:
L

= 1.6105 m

Correct

VideoTutor:Walkingtheplank
First,launchthevideobelow.Youwillbeaskedtouseyourknowledgeofphysicstopredicttheoutcomeofanexperiment.
Then,closethevideowindowandanswerthequestionatright.Youcanwatchthevideoagainatanypoint.

PartA
Inthevideo,thetorqueduetothemassoftheplankisusedinthecalculations.Forthisquestion,ignorethemassof
theboard.Rank,fromlargesttosmallest,themassmneededtokeeptheboardfromtippingover.
Torankitemsasequivalent,overlapthem.

Hint1.Howtoapproachtheproblem
Inequilibrium,thesumoftheclockwisetorquesaboutanaxismustequalthesumofthecounterclockwise
torques.
ANSWER:

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Correct

PrecariousLunch
AuniformsteelbeamoflengthLandmassm1 isattachedviaahingetothesideofabuilding.Thebeamissupportedbya
steelcableattachedtotheendofthebeamatanangle ,asshown.Throughthehinge,thewallexertsanunknownforce,
F ,onthebeam.Aworkmanofmass m 2 sitseatinglunchadistance d fromthebuilding.

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PartA
FindT ,thetensioninthecable.Remembertoaccountforalltheforcesintheproblem.
Expressyouranswerintermsofm1 ,m2 ,L,d , ,andg ,themagnitudeoftheaccelerationduetogravity.

Hint1.Pickthebestorigin
Thisisastaticsproblemsothesumoftorquesaboutanyaxisawillbezero.InordertosolveforT ,youwantto
picktheaxissuchthatT willgiveatorque,butasfewaspossibleotherunknownforceswillentertheequations.
Sowhereshouldyouplacetheoriginforthepurposeofcalculatingtorques?
ANSWER:
Atthecenterofthebar
Atthehinge
Attheconnectionofthecableandthebar
Wherethemaniseatinglunch

Hint2.Calculatethesumtorques
Nowfindthesumofthetorquesaboutcenterofthehinge.Rememberthatapositivetorquewilltendtorotate
objectscounterclockwisearoundtheorigin.
AnswerintermsofT ,L,d ,m1 ,m2 , ,andg .
ANSWER:

=0=

m1 L
2

+ m 2 d)g T Lsin()

ANSWER:

m1

L
2

+m 2 d

Lsin()

Correct

PartB
FindFx ,thexcomponentoftheforceexertedbythewallonthebeam(F ),usingtheaxisshown.Remembertopay
attentiontothedirectionthatthewallexertstheforce.
ExpressyouranswerintermsofT andothergivenquantities.

Hint1.Findthesignoftheforce
Thebeamisnotacceleratinginthexdirection,sothesumoftheforcesinthexdirectioniszero.Usingthe
givencoordinatesystem,isFx goingtohavetobepositiveornegative?
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ANSWER:
Fx

T cos()

Correct

PartC
FindFy ,theycomponentofforcethatthewallexertsonthebeam(F ),usingtheaxisshown.Remembertopay
attentiontothedirectionthatthewallexertstheforce.
ExpressyouranswerintermsofT , ,m1 ,m2 ,andg .
ANSWER:
Fy

sin()T + m 1 g + m 2 g

Correct
Ifyouuseyourresultfrompart(A)inyourexpressionforpart(C),you'llnoticethattheresultsimplifiessomewhat.
Thesimplifiedresultshouldshowthatthefurtherthelunchermovesoutonthebeam,thelowerthemagnitudeof
theupwardforcethewallexertsonthebeam.Doesthisagreewithyourintuition?

Problem11.76
YouaretryingtoraiseabicyclewheelofmassmandradiusRupoveracurbofheighth.Todothis,youapplyahorizontal
forceF .

PartA
WhatistheleastmagnitudeoftheforceF thatwillsucceedinraisingthewheelontothecurbwhentheforceisapplied
atthecenterofthewheel?
ANSWER:

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Homework5

mg2Rhh

Rh

Correct

PartB
WhatistheleastmagnitudeoftheforceF thatwillsucceedinraisingthewheelontothecurbwhentheforceisapplied
atthetopofthewheel?
ANSWER:

mg

2Rh

Correct

PartC
Inwhichcaseislessforcerequired?
ANSWER:
caseA
caseB

Correct

Problem11.83
Agaragedoorismountedonanoverheadrail(thefigure).The
wheelsatAandBhaverustedsothattheydonotroll,butrather
slidealongthetrack.Thecoefficientofkineticfrictionis0.52.The
distancebetweenthewheelsis2.00m,andeachis0.50mfrom
theverticalsidesofthedoor.Thedoorisuniformandweighs871
N .Itispushedtotheleftatconstantspeedbyahorizontalforce
F

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PartA
Ifthedistancehis1.41m,whatistheverticalcomponentoftheforceexertedonthewheelAbythetrack?
ANSWER:
FV

= 116 N

Correct

PartB
Ifthedistancehis1.41m,whatistheverticalcomponentoftheforceexertedonthewheelBbythetrack?
ANSWER:
FV

= 755 N

Correct

PartC
Findthemaximumvaluehcanhavewithoutcausingonewheeltoleavethetrack.
ANSWER:
hmax

= 1.92 m

Correct
ScoreSummary:
Yourscoreonthisassignmentis99.3%.
Youreceived22.85outofapossibletotalof23points.

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