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Interpreting Hydraulic Schematics

Presented by: Greg Rae AVADAL INC.


Knowledge Management Systems

A. Power Unit

Power Unit Schematic


2. Kidney Loop

3. Main Pumps

1. Reservoir
4. Accumulators

1. Reservoir
Heat Exchanger

Tank
Breather
(2)

Temperature
Transducer &
Gage

Level
Switches

Heater

Cooling Water Control


Sensor

Lines

Lines

Lines

Lines

Shapes

Reservoir

Heat Exchangers

Heat Exchangers

2. Kidney Loop
Filters

Relief Valve

Pump & Motor

Water Valves
Heat Exchanger

Filters

Fixed Volume Pumps

Pressure Compensated Pumps

3. Main Pumps
High Pressure Filter

Unloading Relief

Unloading Relief

Shown Energized

Shown De-Energized

Fixed Volume Pumps

Main Pumps Unloading/Relief

When the solenoid on the unloading /


relief valve is energized, the vent port on
the relief is blocked and pressure can
build to 2,250 PSI.
When the solenoid is de-energized, the
vent port drains to tank unloading the
pump to tank at 0 PSI

Unloading/Relief Cutaway

4. Accumulators
Nitrogen Bottles
Pressure
Transducers &
Gages

Piston Style
Accumulators
Dump Valve

Accumulators

B. Actuators & Controls

Actuators & Controls Schematic


1. Actuators

2. Pressure
Control

5. Proportional &
Servo

6. Logic Valves

3. Directional
Valves

4. Flow Control

1. Actuators

Cylinders

Cylinders

Rotary Actuators

Motors

2. Pressure Controls

Sequence Valve

Counterbalance Valve

Pressure Reducing Valves

3. Directional Control Valves

Check Valves

Pilot Operated Check Valves

Direct Operated Spool Valve

Direct Operated Spool Valve

Pilot Operated Spool Valve

Valve Operators

4. Flow Control

Flow Control Valves

5. Proportional & Servo

Direct Operated Proportional Valve

Pilot Operated Proportional Valve

Servo Valve

6. Logic Valves

Logic Valves - Poppet Ratio

Logic Valves - Directional Control

Logic Valves - Check

Logic Valves - Pressure Control