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III.

GENERAL EXPRESSION METHOD


6. Engineering Flow Sheet
Engineering Flow Sheets shall be prepared as ilustrated below using thestandard symbols
referred to hersafter.
Motor Drive
I-100

Description of flow

Insulation Spec. No.

Equipment No.
D-301

Line No.

4" - GBF (150)


4" - PL -3203 A-G

Process Service

Steam Trace

Process Return
Utility Service
Utility Return

7. Line Numbering
Line numbering systeam shall be as example described below.
The line numbering will contain the Line Size,Service Designation, Section Number,
Sequence Number on the sheet and Piping Material Specification of the line.

4" - PL - 3 001 A - G

Piping Material Spec. ; G Class

Train No. (A, B or No. Mark


Sequence No.
Section No. , 03 Sec.
Service Designation, Polymer Slurry
Line Size ; 4 inch

8. Service Designation
The service designation of the line shall be represented by the following standard letters.
a. Process Service
Service Designation

Fluid Name

Monomer

CM

Co-monomer

Solvent - 1

Solvent - 2

Catalyst

Su

Stabilizer

PL

Polymer Slurry

PS

Polymer Powder

E - 10

DK

Catalyst Drain

Remarks

b. Utility Service
Service Designation

Fluid Name

NL

Nitrogen

ND

Dry Nitrogen

NP
SH

Pure Nitrigen
High Pressure Steam

SM

Medium Pressure Steam

SL

Low Pressure Steam

WH

Hot Water

WI

Industrial Water

WD

Drinking Water

WC
WR

Cooling Tower Water


Refrigerated Water

WF

Fire Extinguishing Water

WT

Filtrated Water

PW

Pellet Cleaning Water

AP

Plant Air

AI

Instrument Air

HS

Seal Solvent - 1

OS

Seal Oil

Caustic Soda
Batch Solvent - 1

Sb
Sc
OH
HCl

Continuos Solvent - 2
Hot Oil
Hydrochloric Acid

c. Others
V
VA

Vent
Vacuum

Remarks

9. Valve Symbols
Valve Symbols will be assigned as described below. An example with explanations
is as follows :

1 1/2" S C C

L(300)

Detail Materials or Special Use


Rating ; 300 LB
Special Type ; Lift Type
Ends Type , Socket Weld
Valve Types ; Check Valve
Valve Materials ; Carbon Steel
Nominal Size ; 1 1/2 inches

a. Valve Materials

b. Valve
Types

S;
B;
F;
G;
H;
L;
A;

Carbon Steel
Bronze
Cast Iron
Stainless Steel
Hastelloy
Glass Lined
Aluminum

S;
G;
C;
B;
N;
H;
T;
V;
P;
I;
D;
Y;
K;

Globe
Gate
Check
Ball
Nesdle
Slide Gate
Diverter Valve
Vacuum
Piston
For Instrument
Diaphragm
Butterfly
Cock

c. Ends Types
S;
C;
B;
F;
Fs;

Screwed Ends
Socket Welding Ends
Butt Welding Ends
Flanged Ends
Screwed End and Flanged End

d. Special Types
S;
L;
Bv;
Bh;
A;

Swing Type (check Valve)


Lift Type (Check Valve)
Vertical Ball Type (Check Valve)
Horizontal Ball Type (Check Valve)
Angle Type

e. Ratings
125;
150;
300;
600;

ANSI 125 LB
ANSI 150 LB
ANSI 300 LB
ANSI 600 LB

F. Detail Materials or Special Use


316 ;
304 ;
316R ;
304R ;
S;
R;
D;

AISI 316 Stainless Steel


AISI 304 Stainless Steel
AISI 316 Stainless Steel of Ring Joint Facing
AISI 304r Stainless Steel of Ring Joint Facing
Steam Service
Ring Joint Facing
Dowtherm Service

M;
J;
L;
304J ;

Maliable
Jacket Type
Special Type gland
AISI 316 Stainless Stell of Jacket Type

10.- Numbering of miscellaneous Equipment and Piping Accesories.


Miscellaneous equipment and piping accesories described below shall be
numbered in sequence as an example.

SV -

01
Sequence N.
Section N. ; 03 Sec.

Equipment and Accessory


Names.

The equipment and accessories shall be designated by the following


standard letters.
SV ;

Safety Valve

SD;

Rupture Disc

SB;

Breather Valve

SA;

Flame Arrester

LG;

Level Gauge

SG;

Sight Glass

YS;

Y - Type Strainer

BS;

Bucket Type Strainer

SS;

Special Type Strainer

S;

Temporary Strainer

T ;

Steam Trap

RO;

Restriction Orifice

NS;

Special Strainer for Pneumatic Conveying System

PV;

Pressure Reservoir Valve

PAG 158
PA
1 5

G
p
8

11.- Standard Symbols.

a.-

The following standard symbols shall be used on all engineering


drawings.
Equipment Symbols.
SYMBOL

DESCRIPTION

1
2
3
5

TOWER WITH TRAY

PACKED TOWER

HORIZONTAL DRUM

VERTICAL DRUM

PAG 159
P A G1 5 9

DESCRIPTION

SYMBOL

HORIZONTAL
JACKETED DRUM

VERTICAL
JACKETED DRUM

CONE ROOF STORAGE


TANK

DOME ROOF STORAGE


TANK

SYMBOL

DESCRIPTION

ATMOSPHERIC
STORAGE TANK

HOPPER

CYCLONE

FIXED TUBE TYPE


EXCHANGER

SYMBOL

DESCRIPTION

FLOATING HEAD TYPT


EXCHANGER

PLATE TYPE
EXCHANGER

FIN TUBE GAS COOLER

DOUBLE PIPE EXCHAGER

COOLING TOWER

SYMBOL

DESCRIPTION

CENTRIFUGE

DRYER

EXTRUDER

CIM

PAG 163

SYMBOL

DESCRIPTION

SCREW CONVEYOR

CENTRIFUGAL PUMP

M
MIXING PUMP

PLUNGER PUMP (2 CYLINDERS)

GEARED PUMP

PAG 164

21
DESCRIPTION

SYMBOL

ROOT BLOWER

TURBO BLOWER

RECIPROCATING
COMPRESSOR

FAN

DAMPER

PAG 165

22
SYMBOL

DESCRIPTION

OIL CIRCULATION
SYSTEM (PRESSURE UNIT )

BAG FILTER

EJECTOR

SEWER DRAIN

MECHANICAL SEAL
COOLER

SILENCER

SILENCER

PAG 166

b.

23

Piping Simbols
SYMBOL

DESCRIPTION

GLOVE VALVE

ANGLE VALVE

GATE VALVE

CHECK VALVE

BALL VALVE

NEEDLE VALVE

VACUUM VALVE WITH BELOWS

PISTON VALVE

PAG 167

SYMBOL

DESCRIPTION

VLVULA DE
DIAFRAGMA
VLVULA DE
MARIPOSA PARA
AGUA
VLVULA DE
MARIPOSA PARA
SISTEMA NEUMTICO
COCK GRIFO

VLVULA DIVERSORA

NEEDLE VALVE

VLVULA DE PERNO DEE FLUJO


RPIDO FLUSH VALVE

VLVULA DE COMPUERTA CON


TAPA CORREDIZA

T
3001

TRAMPA DE VAPOR

PAG 168

SIMBOLO

DESCRIPCION
STEAM TRACE.
TRAZAS DE VAPOR

FLEXIBLE TUBE.
TUBO FLEXIBLE.

REDUCER.
REDUCCION.

TO SEWER.
AL DRENAJE.

JACKETED PIPE.
TUBERIA ENCHAQUETADA.

25
SIMBOLO
YS
3001

BS
3001

SS
3001

S
3001

SG
3001

RO
3001

DESCRIPCION
Y-TYPE STRAINER.
Y-TIPO FILTRO.

BUCKET TYPE STRAINER.


CUBO TIPO FILTRO.

WSPECIAL TYPE STRAINER


TUIPO ESPECIAL DE FILTRO.

TEMPORAY STRAINER.
FILTRO TEMPORAL.

SIGHT GLASS.
MIRILLA DE VIDRIO.

RESTRICTION ORIFICE.
RESTRICCION ORIFICIO.

SAMPLING CONNECTION.
CONEXION DE MUESTREO.
SC

HOSE CONECTION.
CONEXION DE MANGUERA.
HC

PAG 169

C. MICELLANEOUS SYMBOLS

DESCRIPTION

SYMBOL

SV
301

SAFETY
VALVE

PV
7001

PRESSURE
VALVE

RESERVOIR

SD
3001
RUPTURE DISC

BREATER VALVE
WITH FLAME ARRESTER

SB
3001

SA
3001

FLAME ARRESTER

SA
3001

NS
7001

BREATHER
VALVE

NS
7002

VALVESAFETY

SPECIALSTRAINER FOR PNEUMATIC


CONVEYING SYSTEM

PAG
171

31
(2) Instrument Lines
SYMBOL

DESCRIPTION

CONNECTION TO PROCESS

PNEUMATIC SIGNAL

HYDRAULIC SIGNAL

ELECTRIC SIGNAL

CAPILLARY TUBE

(3) Primary Elements


SYMBOL

DESCRIPTION

ORIFICE PLATE WITH FLANGE


OR CORNER TAPS

PAG175

32
SYMBOL

DESCRIPTION

FS

VOLUMETRIC FLOW TOTALIZER


( IN COMMON USE )

VENTURI TUBE OR FLOW


NOZZLE

FI

ROTAMETER TYPE FLOW


INDICATOR

( 4 ) General Instruments

SYMBOL
LOCALLY
MOUNTED

MOUNTED ON
MAIN PANEL

DESCRIPTION

INSTRUMENT FOR SINGLE


MEASURED VALUE

INSTRUMENT FOR TWO MEASURED


VARIABLES OPTIONALLY, SINGLEVARIABLE INSTRUMENT WITH MORE
THAN ONE FUNCTION.

TRANSMITTER

PAG 176

33
SYMBOL
DESCRIPTION
LOCALLY
MOUNTED

MOUNTED ON
MAIN PANEL

FUNCTION OR COMPUTE

(5) Control Valves


SYMBOL

DESCRIPTION

DIAPHRAGM, SPRINGOPPOSED ACTUATOR

ROTARY MOTOR ACTUATOR

SOLENOID ACTUATOR

BUTTERFLY DAMPER

BALL TYPE OR V-BALL TYPE CONTROL


VALVE

PAG 177

SYMBOLS

DESCRIPTION

CONTROL VALVE WITH POSITIONER

TEMPERATURE REGULADOR FILLED


SYSTEM TYPE

CYLINDER ACTUATOR

HAND ACTUATOR

THEREE WAY CONTROL VALVE

CONTROL VALVE WITH LIMIT SWITH

CONTROL VALVE WITH POSITIONER

PRESSURE REDUCING REGULATOR

SYMBOL

DESCRIPTION

PRESSURE REDUCING
REGULADOR,SELF CONTAINED

6.- FLOW MEASUREMENTS

SYMBOL

DESCRIPTION

FI
1

FE
12

ROTAMETER TYPE
FLOW INDICATOR

ORIFICE PLATE WITH FLANGE OR CORNER


TAPS

VOLUMETRIC FLOW TOTALIZER


( IN COMMON USE )

PAG 179

DESCRIPTION

SYMBOL

VENTURI TUBE CONNECTED TO DIFFERENTIAL


PRESSURE TYPE FLOW RECORDER

FR
5

FLOW ELEMENT INTEGRAL WITH ELECTRONIC


TRANSMITTER CONNECTED TO PANEL MOUNED
FLOW RECORDING TOTALIZER

FR
2
ORIFICE PLATE AND ELECTRONIC TRANSMITTER
CONNECTED TO PANEL MOUNTED FLOW
RECORDING TOTALIZER

FR
6

POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT
TYPE FLOW TOTALIZER

FS
7

FI
1

ROTAMETER TYPE FLOW INDICATOR


(IN COMMON USE)

SYMBOL

DESCRIPTION

ORIFICE PLATE CONNECTED TO DIFERENCITIAL


PRESSURE TYPE FLOW INDICATOR
FS
7

FS
11

FLOW TOTALIZER WITH ELECTRONIC TRANSMITER


CONNECTED TO PANEL MOUNTED FLOW RECORDER

FS
8

ORIFICE PLATE AND ELECTRONIC TRANSMITTER CONNECTED


TO PANEL MOUNTED FLOW INDICATOR

FS
8

ORIFICE PLATE CONNECTED TO LOCAL MOUNTED


FLOW AND PRESSURE RECORDER
FR
4
PR
15

DESCRIPTION

FRC
14

PAG
181

SYMBOL

DESCRIPTION

ORIFICE PLATE AND PNEUMATIC


TRANSMITER CONECTED TO
FLOW AND PRESSURE RECORDER.

FR
3
PR
13

7. TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENTS

SYMBOL

DESCRIPTION

TEMPERATURE TESTE
CONECTION WITH WELL
TW
3

TEMPERATURE ELEMENT NOT CONNECTED


TO SECONDARY INSTRUMENT
TE
6

TRC
9

SYMBOL

DESCRIPTION

FILLED SYSTEM TEMPERATURE INDICATING


CONTROLLER
(LOCAL TYPE)
TIC
1

8. LEVEL MEASUREMENTS

INTERNAL FLOAT TYPE LOCAL LEVEL INDICATOR


LI
11

EXTERNAL FLOAT TYPE LOCAL


LEVEL INDICATOR
LI
6

DESCRIPTION

SYMBOL

EXTERNAL DISPLACER TYPE


PNEUMATIC TRANSMITTER

CONNECTED TO LEVEL RECORDER.

LG
4

(PANEL MOUNTED) GAGE CLASS

LR
3

EXTERNALLY CONNECTED

DUPLEX LEVEL TRANSMITTER


CONTROLLER EXTERNAL DISPLACER

-LR
-9

TYPE CONNECTED TO LEVEL

LIC
5

RECORDER. (PANEL MOUNTED)

.
LRC
8

ELECTRONIC DIFFERENTIAL

TRANSMITTER CONNECTED TO

LEVEL RECORDING CONTROLLER

FIG. 2

(PANEL MOUNTED)
FIG. 2 REPRESENTS WITH DIAPHRAGM

FIG. 1
INTERNAL FLOAT TYPE LEVEL
LA
2

SWITCH CONNECTED TO ALARM


UNIT

PAG 185

SYMBOL

DESCRIPTION

EXTERNAL DISPLACER TYPE LEVEL TRANSMITTER AND


DIFERENTIAL PRESSURE TYPE FLOW TRANSMITER
CONECTED TO FLOW CONTROLLER WITH ADITONAL
LEVEL PEN, PNEUMATIC TYPE (PANEL MOUNTED)
LR
10
FRC
1

9. PRESSURE MEASUREMENTS

SYMBOL

DESCRIPTION

PI
3001

PI
3002

PI
3003

FIG.1

FIG.2

FIG.3

PRESSURE INDICATOR LOCAL MOUNTED


FIG. 2 WITH SIPHON TUBE
FIG. 3 WITH DIIAPHRAFM

PNEUMATIC TRAMSMITTER CONNECTED TO PRESSURE


RECORDING CONTROLLER (PALEN MOUNTED)

PRC
4

PAG 186

SYMBOL

DESCRIPTION

PCV
2

PCV
2

PRESSURE REDUCING REGULATOR

PNEUMATIC REDUCING REGULATOR CONTROL STATION


(LOCAL MOUNTED)

PRESSURE SWITCH CONNECTED TO ALARM UNIT


(LOCAL MOUNTED)

PA
7

DIFERENTIAL REDUCING INDICATOR (LOCAL MOUNTED)

PdI
1
7

PAG 187

SYMBOL

DESCRIPTION

pressure and flow transmitter connected to pressure recording


controller with aditional flow pen

Fr
3
PRC
10

10. miscellaneousow pen

SYMBOL

DESCRIPTION

PNEUMATIC MANUAL LOADER PANEL MOUNTED

HC
3

SPECIFIC GRAVITY TRANSMITTER


THROUGH-FLOW TYPE CONNECTED TO PANEL
MOUNTED RECORDERPNEUMATIC TYPE
DR
9

PAG 188

SYMBOL

DESCRIPTION

ANALYSIS TEST SAMPLE POINT

AP
6

PH. RECORDING CONTROLLER


ELEMENT-LOCAL
RECORDER - PANEL
PHRC
5

FIRED HEATER

FLAME DETECTING DEVICE AND CONTROL


VALVE WITH INTERLOCKING SOLENOID

BC
3

JV
6

JV
3
OIL

PNEUMATIC CHANGE OVER SWITCH

HSS
4002

PAG 189

e.

Electric Symbols
Transmission Path
DESCRIPTION

SYMBOL
BUS BAR

WITH CONNECTIONS SHOWN


CONDUCTIVE PATHS
OR CONDUCTORS, WIRES
JUNCTION OF CONNECTED
PATHS, CONDUCTORS, OR WIRES

GROUPING LEADS

TWO CONDUCTORS
OR

OR CONDUCTIVE PATHS

THREE CONDUCTORS
OR

OR CONDUCTIVE PATHS

"N" CONDUCTORS
OR CONDUCTIVE PATHS

CABLE UNDERGROUND

Circuit
Breaker
SYMBOLO

DESCRIPCION

CIRCUIT BREAKER

3- POLE C I RCUIT BREAKER


WITH MAGNETIC-OVERLOAD
DEVICE IN ALL 3 POLES

3- POLE C I RCUIT BREAKER


DRAWNOUT TYPE

Ground
SYMBOLO

DESCRIPCION

GROUND

PAG 191

Resister
SYMBOL

OR

RESISTER

RESISTER

ADD IDENTIFICACION

OR

DESCRIPTION

ADD IDENTIFICACION

Capacitor
SYMBOLO

DESCRIPCION

CAPACITOR

PAG 192

BATTERY
SYMBOL

DESCRIPTION

ONE CELL

MULTICELL

THERMAL RELAY
SYMBOL

DESCRIPTION

THERMAL RELAY

FUSE
SYMBOL

DESCRIPTION
FUSE

ISOLATING FUSE-SWITCH,
HIGH-VOLTAGE PRIMARY
FUSE CUTOUT, DRY

linghtning arresters

SYMBOL

DESCRIPTION
LIGHTNING
ARRESTERS

operating coil

SYMBOL

DESCRIPTION

RELAY COIL

SWITCH

SYMBOL

DESCRIPTION
SINGLE-THROW SWITCH

DOUBLE-THROW SWITCH

2-POPLE DOUBLE THROW SWITCH


WITH TERMINAL SHOWN

KNIFE SWITCH

push button (momentary or spring return)

SYMBOL

DESCRIPTION
CIRCUIT CLOSING (MAKE)

CIRCUIT OPENING (BREAK)

SYMBOL

DESCRIPTION

TWO CIRCUIT

BASIC CONTACT ASSEMBLIES


SYMBOL

DESCRIPTION
CLOSED CONTACT BREAK)

OPEN CONTACT (MAKE)

TRANSFER

TC
TDC

OPEN CONTACT WITH TIME


CLOSING FEATURE

OPEN CONTACT WITH TIME


DELAY CLOSING FEATURE

PAG 196

SYMBOL

DESCRIPTION
CLOSED CONTACT WITH TIME

TO

OPENING FEATURE

CLOSED CONTACT WITH TIME

TDO

DELAY OPENING FEATURE

ROTATTING MACHINE

SYMBOL

DESCRIPTION
GENERATOR

G
__

G
M
__
M

(DIRECT-CURRENT)

GENERATOR
(ALTERNATING-CURRENT)
MOTOR
(DIRECT-CURRENT)
MOTOR
(ALTERNATING-CURRENT)

TRANSFORMER
SYMBOL

DESCRIPTION

TRANSFORMER

POLY PHASE TWO WIRING


TRANSFORMER

3-PHASE 3-WIRE, DELTA,

3-PHASE 3-WIRE, DELTA,


GROUNDED

3-PHASE 4-WIRE, DELTA,


GROUNDED

3-PHASE STAR, UNGROUNDED

3-PHASE STAR, GROUNDED


NEUTRAL

PAG 198

RELAY

SYMBOL

DESCRIPTION
BASIC

INTEGRATORS AND METERS

DESCRIPTION

SYMBOL

AMMETER

DEMAND METER

FREQUENCY METER

GD

GROUND DETECTOR METER

OP

OIL PRESSURE

PF

POWER-FACTOR METER

TEMPERATURE METER

TT

TOTAL TIME

VOLT METER

WATT METER

WH

WATT-HOUR METER

PAG 199

LETTER SYMBOLS FOR AUTOMATIC CONTROL SUPERVISORY EQUIPMENT

SYMBOL

DESCRIPTION

26

APPARATUS THERMAL DEVICE

27

UNDER VOLTAGE RELAY

30

ANNUNCIATOR RELAY

33

POSITION SWITCH

46

REVERSE PHASE OR PHASE


BALANCE CURRENT RELAY

47

PHASE SEQUENCE VOLTAGE RELAY

48

INCOMPLETE SEQUENCE RELAY

49

MACHINE OR TRANSFORMER
THERMAL RELAY

51

AC TIME OVER CURRENT RELAY

52

AC CIRCUIT BREAKER

63

LIQUID OR GAS PRESSURE,


LEVEL OR FLOW RELAY

64

GROUND PROTECTIVE RELAY

67

AC DIRECTIONAL OVER CURRENT RELAY

86

LOCKING OUT RELAY

88

AUXILIARY MOTOR, OR MOTOR


GENERATOR

DESCRIPTION

SYMBOL

EXTERNAL DISPLACER TYPE


PNEUMATIC TRANSMITTER

CONNECTED TO LEVEL RECORDER.

LG
4

(PANEL MOUNTED) GAGE CLASS

LR
3

EXTERNALLY CONNECTED

DUPLEX LEVEL TRANSMITTER


CONTROLLER EXTERNAL DISPLACER

-LR
-9

TYPE CONNECTED TO LEVEL

LIC
5

RECORDER. (PANEL MOUNTED)

.
LRC
8

ELECTRONIC DIFFERENTIAL

TRANSMITTER CONNECTED TO

LEVEL RECORDING CONTROLLER

FIG. 2

(PANEL MOUNTED)
FIG. 2 REPRESENTS WITH DIAPHRAGM

FIG. 1
INTERNAL FLOAT TYPE LEVEL
LA
2

SWITCH CONNECTED TO ALARM


UNIT

PAG 185