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Security Level: Internal Use

2008-05

HUAWEI BTS3900A
Hardware Structure

ISSUE4.1

www.huawei.com

Wireless Case and training

HUAWEI Confidential

The BTS3900A developed by Huawei is an outdoor macro


BTS that performs the same tasks as the BTS3900. The
BTS3900A mainly consists of the BBU and DRFUs. Compared
with traditional BTSs, the BTS3900A features simpler structure
and higher integration.

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Know the functions and features of BTS3900A

Master the Hardware structure and function of BTS3900A

Master the Network topologies of BTS3900A

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BTS3900A Product Description V300R008_02)

BTS3900A Hardware Description V300R008_02)

BTS3900A Installation Guide V300R008_02)

APM30 User Guide

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Chapter 1 BTS3900A System Description


Chapter 2 BTS3900A Hardware Structure
Chapter 3 BTS3900A Network Topology

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Location
Um Interface

MS

TUP,ISUP
BTS3900A

BSC

PSTN
ISDN
PSPDN

A Interface
MS

MSC/VLR
MAP

M
AP

BTS3900A

HLR/AUC/EIR

BTS
MS

SMC/VM

OMC

BTS3900A

MS: Mobile Station

BTS: Base Transceiver Station

BSC: Base Station Controller

HLR: Home Location Register

AUC: Authentication Center

EIR: Equipment Identity Register

MSC: Mobile Switching Center

VLR: Visitor Location Register

SMC: Short Message Center

VM: Voice Mailbox

OMC: Operation and Maintenance Center

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DBS Distributed Base Station

Chapter 1 BTS3900A System Description


Chapter 2 BTS3900A Hardware Structure
Chapter 3 BTS3900A Network Topology

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Component
Board/
Module

Full Spelling

Parts Configured in a Single Cabinet


Full Configuration Minimum Configuration

BSBC

Universal BBU Subrack Backplane type C


(2U)

UEIU

Universal Environment Interface Unit

GTMU

GSM Transmission & Management Unit for


BBU

UELP

Universal E1/T1 Lightning Protection unit

UBFA

Universal BBU Fan unit type A (2U)

UPEU

Universal Power and Environment


interface Unit

DRFU

Double Radio Filter Unit

GATM

GSM Antenna and TMA Control module

DCDU

Direct Current Distribution Unit

FMUA

Fan Environment Monitor

FAN

Fan Module

Door Status Sensor

Smoke Sensor

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Section 1 System Structure


Section 2 PD Cabinet Hardware Component
Section 3 RF Cabinet Hardware Component
Section 4 DRFU Work Mode

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BTS3900A Cabinet
The

BTS3900A cabinet is designed in

compliance
with the IEC297 standard. It is a vertical cabinet
and white in color.

Configuration Type

Width
(mm)

Depth
(mm)

Height
(mm)

RF cabinet

600

480

700

APM30 power
distribution cabinet

600

480

700

Cabinet base

600

480

200

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BTS3900A Typical Hardware Configuration


Cabinet

structure based on the extended

cabinet configuration includes


6RFU

RF cabinet and the APM30 power

distribution cabinet.
3RFU

RF cabinet and the APM30 power

distribution cabinet.
6RFU

RF cabinet, APM30 power distribution

cabinet, extended APM30 transmission cabinet,


and extended APM30 battery cabinet.
(1) RF cabinet

(2) Double radio filter unit

(3) Fan module

(4) Fan environment


monitor

(5) Direct current


distribution unit (four
outputs)

(6) GSM antenna


and TMA control
module

(7) Baseband unit

(8) Power distribution unit

(9) EPS4890

(10) APM30 power


distribution cabinet

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BTS3900A Typical Hardware Configuration


Cabinet

structure based on the extended

cabinet configuration includes


6RFU

RF cabinet and the APM30 power

distribution cabinet.
3RFU

RF cabinet and the APM30 power

distribution cabinet.
6RFU

RF cabinet, APM30 power distribution

cabinet, extended APM30 transmission cabinet,


and extended APM30 battery cabinet.
(1) Battery

(2) RF cabinet

(3) Double radio filter unit

(4) Fan module

(5) Fan
environment
monitor

(6) Direct current


distribution unit (four outputs)

(7) GSM antenna


and TMA control
module

(8) Baseband unit

(9) Power distribution unit

(10) EPS4890

(11) APM30 power


distribution cabinet

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BTS3900A Typical Hardware Structure


Cabinet

structure based on the extended

cabinet configuration includes


6RFU

RF cabinet and the APM30 power

distribution cabinet.
3RFU

RF cabinet and the APM30 power

distribution cabinet.
6RFU

RF cabinet, APM30 power distribution

cabinet, extended APM30 transmission cabinet,


and extended APM30 battery cabinet.
(1) RF cabinet

(2) Double radio filter unit

(3) Fan module

(4) Fan environment


monitor

(5) Direct current


distribution unit (four
outputs)

(6) GSM antenna and


TMA control module

(7) Baseband unit

(8) Power distribution unit

(9) EPS4890

(10) APM30 power


distribution cabinet

(11) Direct current


distribution unit (nine
outputs)

(12) Transmission unit

(13) Extended APM30


transmission cabinet

(14) Battery

(15) Extended APM30


battery cabinet

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BTS3900A Local Structure

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Section 1 System Structure


Section 2 PD Cabinet Hardware Component
Section 3 RF Cabinet Hardware Component
Section 4 DRFU Work Mode

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Power Distribution Cabinet Hardware Components


BBU
Power

Frame (AC/DC)

APMI
AFMU
PDU
GATM

Module

Heater
Battery
Sensors

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BBU Logical Structure

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BBU Hardware Structure

The typical power consumption of the BBU is 35 W.

The weight of the BBU isnt more than 10KG.

The BBU is a small box with all the external ports on the front panel.

The BBU3900 boards consist of the BSBC, UEIU, GTMU, and UELP; the
BBU3900 modules consist of the UBFA and the UPEU.

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BBU Board--BSBC
The

BSBC is the backplane of the BBU. The BSBC provides eight

board slots, two power slots, and one fan slot.


The

universal BBU sub-rack backplane type C (2U) (BSBC) provides

backplane interfaces for communication between boards and supplies


power for boards.
The

GTMU is located in slots 5 and 6, slot 7 for a main control board

that supports 3G, and other ports are as common slots.

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BBU Board--GTMU
The

GSM transmission, timing, and management unit for BBU

(GTMU)
controls and manages the entire BTS. It provides interfaces related to
the
reference
clock, power
supply, OM,
and external alarm collection.

The
GTMU performs
the following
functions:
Controls,
Supports

maintains, and operates the BTS.


fault management, configuration management, performance
management, and security management.
Supports the monitoring of the fan module and power supply module.
Distributes and manages BTS3900 clock signals.
Provides clock input for testing.
Provides port for terminal maintenance.
Supports four E1 inputs.
Provides CPRI ports for communication with the RF modules .

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BBU Board--GTMU
Ports

Port

on the Panel
Type

Description

CPRI0
CPRI5

SFP
connector

Provides the input and output of optical and electrical transmission


signals

ETH

RJ45
connector

Local maintenance and commissioning

FE0

RJ45
connector

A reserved port that performs the following function:


Connects the BBU to a routing device in the equipment room through
the Ethernet cable to transmit network information

FE1

DLC
connector

A reserved port that performs the following function:


Connects the BBU to a routing device in the equipment room through
the optical cable to transmit network information

USB

USB
connector

A reserved port that performs the following function:


Automatically upgrades the software through the USB disk

TST

USB
connector

Testing of the output clock signals by using a tester

E1/T1

DB26 male
connector

Provides the input and output of the four E1/T1 signals between the
GTMU and the UELP or between the GTMU and the BSC.

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BBU Board--GTMU
LEDs

LED
RUN

ALM
ACT
LIU0LIU3

CPRI0
CPRI5

on the board
Color
Green

Status

Description

On

The board is faulty.

Off

There is no power supply or the board is


faulty.

Blinking once every two seconds

The board is operational.

Blinking once every four seconds

The OML link is abnormal.

Blinking four times per second

The board is loading software.

On

A fault occurs in the running board.

Off

An alarm is not generated.

On

The board is operational.

Off

The board is faulty.

On

A local E1/T1 alarm is generated.

Blinking four times per second

A remote E1/T1 alarm is generated.

Off

This link is not used or the alarm is cleared.

Green

On

The CPRI link is functional.

Red

On

The reception of the optical module is


abnormal and an alarm is generated.

Red
Green
Green

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BBU Board--GTMU

DIP Switch
DIP Switch

DIP Status
1

SW1

ON

ON

The E1 impedance is set to 75 .

OFF

ON

The E1 impedance is set to 120 .

ON

OFF

The T1 impedance is set to 100 .

DIP Switch

DIP Status
1

SW2

Description

Description

ON

ON

ON

ON

The E1 cable is grounded.

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

The E1 cable is not grounded.

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BBU Board--GTMU

DIP Switch
DIP
Switch
SW4

DIP Status
1

ON

ON

ON

ON

The E1 link can be bypassed.

OFF

OFF

The E1 link cannot be bypassed.

OFF OFF

DIP
Switch
SW5

Description

DIP Status

Description

ON

ON

ON

ON

The E1 link cannot be bypassed.

OFF

ON

ON

OFF

The E1 link of the Level 1 cascaded BTS can be bypassed.

ON

OFF ON

OFF

The E1 link of the Level 2 cascaded BTS can be bypassed.

OFF

OFF ON

OFF

The E1 link of the Level 3 cascaded BTS can be bypassed.

ON

ON

OFF

OFF

The E1 link of the Level 4 cascaded BTS can be bypassed.

OFF

ON

OFF

OFF

The E1 link of the Level 5 cascaded BTS can be bypassed.

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BBU Module--UBFA
The

universal BBU fan unit type A (2U) (UBFA) communicates with

the
GTMU to regulate the temperature, adjust the fan speed, and report
alarms. The UBFA module is hot swappable.
LED
STATE

Color

Status

Green Blinking twice


per second

The board is not securely


connected. An alarm is not
generated.

Red

An alarm is generated.

On

Green Blinking once


every two
seconds

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Description

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The board operates normally.

BBU Module--UPEU
The

universal power and environment interface unit type A/B

((UPEU)
supports the 48 V DC(UPEA)/+24V(UPEB) power input, supplies
power to the boards, modules, and fan in the BBU, and provides
access to multiple environment monitoring signals.
The

UPEU performs the following functions:

Supplies

power to the boards, modules, and fans.


Introduces environment monitoring signals to the BBU.
Reports fault signals, in-position signals, and version information
associated with the boards and modules.

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BBU Module--UPEU
Ports

Label

on the Panel
Connector

Description

PWR

3V3

+24 V/-48 V DC power input

EXT-ALM1

RJ45

Transmitting eight dry contact alarms

EXT-ALM0

RJ45

MON1

RJ45

MON0

RJ45

Transmitting two RS485 environment monitoring signals

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BBU Board--UEIU
The

universal environment interface unit (UEIU) supports multiple

environment monitoring signals. The UEIU supports eight Boolean


alarm signals and two RS485 environment monitoring signals.
The

UEIU is optional. It is configured when the environment interfaces

are insufficient.

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BBU ModuleUEIU
Ports

Label

on the Panel
Connector

EXT-ALM1

RJ45

EXT-ALM0

RJ45

MON1

RJ45

MON0

RJ45

Description
Transmitting eight dry contact alarms

Transmitting two RS485 environment monitoring signals

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BBU Board--UELP
The

universal E1/T1 lightning protection unit (UELP) provides lightning


protection for four E1/T1 signals.

Port

Type

Cable

Description

INSIDE

DB25 male
connector

E1 transfer cable
of the BBU

Transfers the four E1/T1 signals between the UELP


and the GTMU

OUTSIDE

DB26 male
connector

E1/T1 cables of
the BBU

Provides the input and output of the four E1/T1


signals between the BBU and the BSC

The

UELP has one DIP switch, which is used to set the impedance on

the
E1/T1 port. There are four DIP bits on the DIP switch.
DIP Switch

S1

DIP Status

Description

ON

ON

ON

ON

The E1 impedance is set to 75 ohms. The E1


is grounded (unbalanced mode).

OFF

OFF

OFF

OFF

Other modes

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BBU Cable connection


The

BBU3900 cables are classified into the PGND cable, -48VDC

power cable, E1/T1 cable, E1 transfer cable, environment monitoring


signal cable, CPRI signal cable between the BBU and the RRU, and
BBU monitoring signal cable.
The

cable connection relations of the BBU are as follows:

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BBU Cables

The cables figure of the BBU

E1 transfer cable

-48VDC power cables

CPRI optical cable

FE cable

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BBU Cables

The cables figure of the BBU

Monitoring signal cable between the APM and the BBU

(1)RJ45 Connector

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(2) Cord end terminal

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Power Subrack (AC/DC)


Power

Subrack (AC/DC) connects with external 220VAC power input.

The 220VAC power is converted to -48VDC power and then connects


with DCDU module.

PMU (Power and Environment Monitoring Unit) module manages the power
supply and batteries. The DPMU is the core of the power monitoring system.

PSU (Power Supply Unit) module Converts the 220 V AC power into the -48 V
DC power.

Wiring unit is used to connect with 220VAC power input cable and connects the
cable from DCDU module.

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Power Subrack (AC/DC)PMU Module


The

DPMU manages the power supply and batteries. The DPMU is

the core of the power monitoring system.


The

DPMU performs the following functions:

Communicates

with the central processing unit through the RS232/RS422

serial port.
Manages
Detects

the power system and the battery charging and discharging.

and reports water damage alarms, smoke alarms, door status

alarms, and standby Boolean value alarms; reports ambient humidity and
temperature, battery temperature, and standby analog values.
Detects

power distribution and reports alarms, and also reports dry

contact alarms.

(1) Backplane port

(2) DIP switch

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(1) LEDs

(2) Power supply test ports

(3) RS232/RS422 ports

(4) Battery control switch

(5) COM port

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Power Subrack (AC/DC)PMU Module


Ports

on the panel

Ports

Function

RS232/RS422
port

Used in communication with the central processing unit.

Battery switch

The battery switch has two control ports ON and OFF, which are used for
switching on and switching off the battery.
Press and hold the port ON for 5-10 seconds to switch on the battery.
Press and hold the port OFF for 5-10 seconds to switch off the battery.

Power supply
test port

Two power supply test holes -48V and 0V are available for measurement
through an ordinary multi-meter.

COM port

Used in connection to the external signal transfer board.

Backplane
port

Used in connection to the backplane.

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Power Subrack (AC/DC)PMU Module


LED

on the module

LED

Color

RUN

Green

ALM

Red

Status

Meaning

Blinking once every


two seconds

The module is functional, and the communication with


the central processing unit is normal.

Blinking four times


per second

The module is functional, but the communication with


the central processing unit fails.

Steady on/steady off

The module is faulty (not in the power-on self-check


state).

On

The following alarms are generated:


Mains over-voltage or under-voltage alarm
Busbar over-voltage or unde-rvoltage alarm
Battery charging over-current alarm
Battery shutdown alarm
Batteries loop failure alarm
Ambient temperature alarm
Ambient humidity alarm
Water damage alarm
Smoke alarm
Power module alarm
Load shutdown alarm

Off

No alarm is generated.

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Power Subrack (AC/DC)PMU Module


DIP

Switch

Bit 3

Bit 2

Bit 1

Bit 0

Monitoring Address

0000

0001

0010

0011

0100

0101

0110

0111

1000

1001

1010

1011

1100

1101

1110

1111

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Power Subrack (AC/DC)PSU Module


The

PSU (AC/DC) has the following functions:

Converts

the 220 V AC power into the -48 V DC power

Monitors

alarms related to module faults (such as output

overvoltage, no output, and fan faults), alarms related to


module protection (such as overtemperature protection,
and input overvoltage/undervoltage protection), and power
failure alarm
Monitors

LED

the charging and discharging of the batteries

Color

Power input
LED (top)

Green

Power
protection
LED (middle)

Yellow

Power failure
LED
(bottom)

Red

Status

Meaning

On

Normal.

Off

There is no AC power input or the fuse is damaged.

Off

Normal.

On

Power protection for the PSU is being triggered, for example,


upon input undervoltage/overvoltage or overtemperature.

Off

Normal.

On

Irrecoverable fault occurs inside the PSU. For example, the


fault can be output overvoltage, no outputs, or fan fault.

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Power Subrack (AC/DC)Wiring Unit


The

power subrack works in the following environment:

The

wiring unit is connected to the external power supply through the terminals

L and N wires, and leads the power to the PSU (AC/DC) through the
backplane.
The

PSU (AC/DC) converts the input AC power into the -48 V DC power.

The

DPMU monitors the operating status of the PSU (AC/DC).

The

wiring unit provides -48 V DC power outputs through LOAD1(-), LOAD2(-),

and RTN(+).

(1) PMU Module

(2) PSU Module (AC/DC)

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(3) Wiring Unit

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APMI Board
The

APMI board refers to APM Power Monitor unit Interface board. The

APMI board is located at the upper left corner of the APM30 cabinet,
and performs the following functions:
Transfers

the APM30 serial port communication signals, Boolean

input/output signals, and EMI signals.


Protects

the dry contact input/output signals and RS485 signals

(connected to the BBU/BTS)

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APMI Board
Port

on the panel

Port

Connector Type

Quantity

Function

RS422

RJ45 connector

Connecting the monitoring signal cable


between the PMU and the APMI

TX+, TX-,
RX+, RX-

2-pin molex connector

Connecting the monitoring signal cable


between the APMI and the BBU

IN1-IN3

2-pin molex connector

Connecting the dry contact alarm input cable

OUT1

2-pin molex connector

Connecting the optical coupling alarm output


cable

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AFMU Board
The

AFMU board refers to APM Fan Monitor unit Interface Board. The

AFMU board is located at the upper right corner of the APM30 cabinet,
and performs the following functions:
Provides

DC power supply to the APMI and AFMU boards through the DC

power port
Supplies

DC power to the two fans at the top of the cabinet and reports the

alarms of the fans


Reports

the alarms of the internal ambient temperature sensor, air inlet

temperature sensor, and air outlet temperature sensor


The

alarm signals of the AFMU board is transported to the APMI board

through
the signal transfer cable and then is reported to the BBU.

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AFMU Board
Ports

and LED on the Panel


SN

Port

Function

ALM

Connecting the monitoring signal


cable between the AFMU and the
APMI

DC
INPUT

Connecting the DC power cable


of the AFMU

LED

Silkscreen

Color

Status

Description

Operation
LED

RUN

Green

ON steady

About 1 minute after the AC or DC power-on

Blinking for 1s ON
and 1s OFF

The system is working properly.

Blinking for 0.125s


ON and 0.125s OFF

The serial port communication is disrupted.


The other communication is normal.

OFF steady

The system is not powered on.

ON steady

An alarm is generated.

OFF steady

No alarm is generated, or the system is not


powered on.

Alarm LED ALM

Red

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PDU Module
The

PDU (short for Power Distribution Unit) performs AC or DC power

distribution.
The

AC distribution functions of the PDU are as follows:

Supplies

two AC power outputs with the maximum current of 10 A to the heaters

of the power cabinet and the heating film of the battery cabinet.
Reports

The

the surge protection alarms of the AC input power .

DC distribution functions of the PDU are as follows:

Provides

10 DC power outputs to meet the DC power requirements of t

he distributed base station or the separated base station


Reports

the surge protection alarms of the DC output power

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PDU Module
The

port on the panel

SN

Description

AC wiring terminals
For the 110 V dual-live-wire input, use L2
For the single-phase 220 V/three-phase 220 V input, use N1 and N2

AC wiring terminals
For the 110 V dual-live-wire input, use L1
For the single-phase 220 V/three-phase 220 V input, use L1, L2 and L3

AC output wiring terminals (Lout1, Lout2)

AC output wiring terminals (Nout1, Nout2)

AC input MCB

AC output MCB (controls the power supply to the heating film or heaters)

DC output MCBs (SW0-SW9)

DC output wiring terminals (LOAD0-LOAD9)

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GATM Module
The

GSM antenna and TMA control module (GATM) is a module

that controls the antenna and TMA. The GATM is optional.


The

GATM performs the following functions:

Controls
Feeds

the RET antenna

power to the TMA

Reports

the RET control alarm signals

Monitors

the current from the feeder

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GATM Module
Ports

Ports

on the panel
Connector

Function

ANT0

SMA female
connector

Providing power for the RET antenna and transmitting control signals
for the RET antenna

ANT1

SMA female
connector

Providing power for the antenna

ANT2

SMA female
connector

Providing power for the RET antenna and transmitting control signals
for the RET antenna

ANT3

SMA female
connector

Providing power for the antenna

ANT4

SMA female
connector

Providing power for the RET antenna and transmitting control signals
for the RET antenna

ANT5

SMA female
connector

Providing power for the antenna

COM1

RJ45 connector

Used in connection to the BBU

COM2

RJ45 connector

Providing the extended RS485 port to be cascaded with other devices

-48 V

7W2 power
connector

Receiving the -48 V power input

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GATM Module
LEDs

on the board

LED

Color

Description

RUN

Green

Indicator of
the board
running status

ACT

ALM

Green

Red

Indicator of
the service
running status

Alarm
indicator

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Status

Meaning

Blinking once
There is power supply but the
every four seconds communication with the BBU is abnormal.
Blinking once
every two seconds

The board is running normally and the


communication with the BBU is normal.

Off

There is no power supply or the module is


faulty.

On

The AISG link is normal.

Off

The AISG link is abnormal.

Blinking frequently
and irregularly

The AISG link is transmitting data.

On

An alarm is generated, such as an overcurrent alarm.

Off

The module runs normally.

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Heater
The

heater functions in the low-temperature environment to provide


suitable working temperature for the batteries in the power cabinet or
transmission cabinet. When the working temperature is lower than the
temperature specification for the battery, the battery capacity declines.
So the heater is installed in the battery cabinet to provide the optimal
working temperature for the batteries.
The technical specifications of the heater are as follows:
keeps the cabinet temperature higher than 10. When the internal
temperature of the cabinet is lower than 5, the heater starts to work; when
the internal temperature is higher than 15, the heater stops working.
The maximum power consumption of a 220 V heater is 300 W.
A heater

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Battery
The

power cabinet can house 1 to 3 groups of -48 V 12 AH batteries,

which can form the -48 V 12 AH battery group system, the -48 V 24 AH
system, or the -48 V 36 AH system. The details are as follows:
The

-48 V 12 AH or -48 V 24 AH battery group is installed in the 3 U space

at the bottom, and the remaining 5 U space can be used to install the user
devices.
The

-48 V 36 AH battery group is installed

in the 6 U space at the bottom, and the


remaining 2 U space can be used to install
the user devices.

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Sensors

Door Status Sensor


The

door status sensor is made up of two parts, the magnet part and the switch part.

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Sensors

Temperature Sensor
The

temperature sensors of the APM30 consist of the air inlet temperature

sensor, internal ambient temperature sensor, and the air outlet temperature sensor.

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Section 1 System Structure


Section 2 PD Cabinet Hardware Component
Section 3 RF Cabinet Hardware Component
Section 4 DRFU Work Mode

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RF Cabinet Hardware Components


DRFU
DCDU-02
FAN

Unit

FMUA
Battery
Door

Sensor

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DRFU Logical Structure


The

DRFU performs modulation and demodulation between baseband


signals and RF signals, processes data, and combines and divides
signals.
The DRFU consists of the high-speed interface unit, signal processing
unit, power amplifier, and dual-duplexer.

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DRFU Board

Ports on the panel


Type

Connector

Ports

Port for
transceiving
RF signals

N female connector ANT1

CPRI port

SFP female
connector

Port for
transmitting
RF signals
between
DRFUs

Power port

ANT2

QMA female
connector

7W2 power
connector

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Description
Used in connection to the antenna
subsystem

CPRI0

Used in connection to the BBU, or


in connection to the upper-level
cascaded DRFU

CPRI1

Used in connection to the lowerlevel cascaded DRFU

RX1 in

Input port for diversity signals in


antenna channel 1

RX1 out

Output port of diversity signals in


antenna channel 1

RX2 in

Input port for diversity signals in


antenna channel 2

RX2 out

Output port of diversity signals in


antenna channel 2

PWR

Receives power input

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DRFU Board
LEDs

LED
RUN

ALM
ACT

on the Board
Status

Meaning

On

The power input is normal, but the BBU is faulty.

Off

There is no power supply or the module is faulty.

Blinking once every two


seconds

The module is functional.

Blinking four times per second

The module is loading software or is not started.

On

A fault alarm is generated.

Off

No alarm is generated.

On

The module is functional and is correctly


connected to the BBU.

Off

The connection with the BBU is not established.

Blinking once every two


seconds

The DRFU is being tested on the Site Maintenance


Terminal.

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DRFU Board
LEDs

on the Board

LED
VSWR

CPRI0

CPRI1

Status

Meaning

Off (red)

No VSWR alarm is detected.

Blinking once every two


seconds (red)

The VSWR alarm is generated on only the ANT2


port.

Blinking four times per second


(red)

The VSWR alarms are generated on the ANT1 and


ANT2 ports.

On (red)

The VSWR alarm is generated on only the ANT1


port.

On (green)

The CPRI link is functional.

On (red)

The interface module fails to receive signals.

Blinking once every two


seconds (red)

The CPRI link has a loss-of-lock error.

On (green)

The CPRI link is functional.

On (red)

The interface module fails to receive signals.

Blinking once every two


seconds (red)

The CPRI link has a loss-of-lock error.

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DCDU-02 Module
The

direction current distribution unit (DCDU)

provides
-48 V DC power (four outputs).
Functions

of the DCDU:

Receiving

-48 V DC power input


Providing -48 V DC power for boards and modules in the
cabinet
Providing lightning protection of 10 kA in differential
mode and 15 kA in common mode. Providing dry contact
for surge protection failure.

the DCDU (four outputs) on the left of the cabinet

the DCDU (four outputs) on the right of the cabinet


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Principles of the DCDU

DCDU-02 Module

Ports on the Panel


Item
Power input
terminal

Label

Description

NEG(-)

DCDU low level input terminal

RTN(+)

DCDU high level input terminal

Power
switch

RFU0-RFU5,
FMUA, and
Spare

RFU0-RFU2 control the DC outputs to three DRFUs on the left of


the cabinet. RFU3-RFU5 control the DC outputs to three DRFUs
on the right of the cabinet. FMUA controls the DC output to the
FMUA. Spare controls the DC output of the Spare.

Power
output port

RFU0-RFU5,
FMUA, and
Spare

RFU0-RFU2 supply power to three DRFUs on the left of the


cabinet. RFU3-RFU5 supply power to three 3 DRFUs on the right
of the cabinet. FMUA supplies power to the FMUA. Spare is
reserved.

Dry contact
output port

SPD ALM

Dry contact alarm output port

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Fan Module
The fan module performs the heat dissipation for the cabinet. One

fan module is installed with two fans.


The

fan module performs the following functions:

Providing

forced ventilation and dissipation for the cabinet

Reporting

the temperature and rotation speed of the fans to the fan monitoring

board.
Interface
There

is one interface on the panel. It is used to connect FMUA-FAN monitor

signal cable. The information of FAN temperature and speed will be sent to
FUMA with this interface. It also provide the power to FAN .

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FMUA Board
The FMUA (Fan Environment Monitor) is a fan environment monitoring

unit.
The FMUA performs the following functions:
Leading

-48 V DC power supply to the cabinet and supplying -48 V DC power supply
for the fan module.
Collecting environment alarm information in the cabinet. The environment alarm is
classified into temperature alarm, humidity alarm, smoke alarm, water immersion alarm,
and door status alarm.
Collecting surge protection alarm information of the DC power distribution unit.
Monitoring the operating status of fans. Supporting two modes of adjusting the rotation
speed of the fans: adjustment based on the temperature and adjustment controlled by
the main control unit.
Controlling the fan rotation. Stopping the rotation of the fans when the ambient
temperature is low.
Supporting the detection and reporting of the temperature.
Supporting the cascading and extension of RS485 ports. FMUAs can be cascaded.

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FMUA Board

LED on the board


LED

Color

Description

Status

RUN

Green

Indicates the
running status of
the board

Blinking once every


two seconds

The board is running normally and the


communication with the BBU is normal.

Blinking four times


per second

There is power supply but the


communication with the BBU is
abnormal.

Off

No power input is available.

Blinking four times


per second

There are alarms from both the fans on


the left and right half subracks.

Blinking once every


two seconds

There is an alarm from the fan on the


right half subrack.

On

There is a alarm from the fan on the left


half subrack

Blinking once every


four seconds

Other alarms

Off

No power input is detected.

ALA
RM

Red

Indicates
whether there
are alarms

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Description

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FMUA Board
Ports

on the

panel

Type

Ports

Connector

Description

Power port

-48 V

7W2 power connector

48 V DC power input

RS485 port

COM IN

RJ45 connector

Used in connection to the BBU or the


monitoring port on the upper-level FMUA

COM OUT

RJ45 connector

Used in connection to the lower-level FMUA

TEM

RJ45 connector

Cabinet temperature monitoring port

TEM_HUM
ARRESTER

RJ45 connector

Used in connection to the surge protection


failure alarm port of the power distribution
unit

FAN0

4-pin connector

Used in connection to the fan module on the


left half subrack

4-pin connector

Used in connection to the fan module on the


right half subrack

The first group


(from left to right)

Dry contact connectors

Extended Boolean ports

The second group

Dry contact connectors

The third group

Dry contact connectors

Smoke sensor port, door status sensor port

The fourth group

Dry contact connectors

Water sensor ports

Fan port

FAN1
FAN2
FAN3
Boolean
port

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Batteries in the RF Cabinet


The

batteries in the 3RFU cabinet serve as the power backup for the

BTS.
The -12 V 50 Ah battery or -12 V 92 Ah battery is allowed in the 3RFU
cabinet. The battery combination is as follows:
When

the -12 V 50 Ah battery is used, four batteries in serial connection can


be configured to serve as the power backup of -48 V 50 Ah.
When the -12 V 92 Ah battery is used, four batteries in serial connection can
be configured to serve as the power backup of -48 V 92 Ah.

(1) -12 V 50 Ah battery

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(2) -12 V 92 Ah battery

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Door Status Sensor in the RF Cabinet


The

door status sensor detects the opening and closing of the cabinet door.

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Section 1 System Structure


Section 2 PD Cabinet Hardware Component
Section 3 RF Cabinet Hardware Component
Section 4 DRFU Work Mode

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BTS3900A Configuration Principles

Configuration Principles of the BBU

Minimum number of trunk cables. You can determine the number of trunk cables as
required, and take the existing configuration for saving transmission resources into
account in networking.

Minimum number of UPEUs. The configuration of a single UPEU is recommended.


The redundancy backup mode can be configured if required.

One BBU supports six CPRI ports. The star topology is recommended between
DRFUs.

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BTS3900A Configuration Principle

Configuration Principles of DRFU

A single DRFU does not support the S1/1 application; however, three DRFUs
support the S3/3 application.

The cell configuration of S4 and lower configurations use a single antenna, the
configurations of S5 to S8 use a double antenna, and the configurations of S8 to
S12 use a triple antenna.

The non-combination configuration is recommended for the DRFU to avoid the


power loss in combination and to reduce the power consumption of the BTS.

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DRFU Internal Structure


2

TRXs and 2 duplexers are integrated in DRFU module which can be

connected to antenna directly.


The

RX_IN/OUT port of DRFU can support the receiving signal

interconnection between 2 DRFUs, so that it can support the diversity


receiving between 2DRFUs.

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DRFU Antenna Mode


Single

antenna, double receivers

The

DRFU module has 1 working TX/RX feeder and 2 way receive diversity, one

of the receiver is from the another DRFU.


Double
The

Double
The

antennas
DRFU module has 2 working TX/RX feeders and 2 way receive diversity.

antennas, 4 receivers
DRFU has 2 working TX/RX feeders and 4 way receive diversity.

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DRFU Transmit and Receive Mode

DRFU transmit mode

Transmit independency or combining

PBT

Transmit diversity

DRFU receive mode

Two way receive diversity

Four way receive diversity

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DRFU Transmit Mode--Transmit


Independency

Transmit Independency or Combining

CPRI1

Interface
Processing Unit

CPRI0

ANT1
DUP
ANT2
DUP

Transmit Combining

CPRI1

Interface
Processing Unit

CPRI0

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ANT1
DUP
ANT2
DUP

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DRFU Transmit Mode--PBT

In PBT mode, only the first TRX can work.

PBT mode can improve the transmitting power.

In PBT mode only channel A is used by downlink signal.

CPRI1

Interface
Processing Unit

CPRI0

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ANT1
DUP

ANT2
DUP

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DRFU Transmit Mode--Transmit Diversity

In this mode, only the first TRX can work

Transmit diversity mode improves the quality of downlink signal

In this mode the signal from the first TRX is divided into 2 channels and be
transmitted through channel A and channel B.

CPRI1

Interface
Processing Unit

CPRI0

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ANT1
DUP

ANT2
DUP

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DRFU Receive Mode-- Two Way Receive


Diversity

In this mode both of the 2 TRXs can work

Each TRX receives the signal from 2 feeders

In the following figure the TRX gets the receiving signal from channel A and
B of the single DRFU, It is also possible for TRX to use the channel A
receiver of another DRFU.

Interface Processing Unit

CPRI0

DUP

DUP

ANT1

ANT2

CPRI1
RX-IN

RX_OUT

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From RX-in, TRX


can also use the
channel A of the
other DRFU, so
channel B of the two
DRFUs are
canceled

DRFU Receive Mode-- Four Way Receive


Diversity

In this mode, only the first TRX can work

The working TRX gets the uplink signal from 4 feeders of 2 DRFUs

CPRI0
CPRI1

Interface
Processing

2 channels
from the other
DRFU

ANT1

ANT2
DUP

RX-IN
RX_OUT

Interface
Processing

CPRI0

ANT1

ANT2

CPRI1

DUP

RX-IN
RX_OUT

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Chapter 1 BTS3900A System Description


Chapter 2 BTS3900A Hardware Structure
Chapter 3 BTS3900A network Topology

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BTS3900A Topology

BTS Topology

The topologies of the BTS are classified into star, chain, tree, and ring topologies.

E1/T1 cable can be used between BBU and BSC or transmission equipment,
Optical and LAN cable can be used between BBU and route equipment.

DRFU Topology

The BBU and DRFUs support multiple network topologies such as star, chain, and
ring topologies.

Only optical fiber can be used between DRFU and BBU.

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BTS Topology

The topologies of the BTS are classified into star, chain, tree, and ring
topologies.

Star mode

Tree mode

Chain mode

Ring mode

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DRFU Topology

The BBU and DRFUs support multiple network topologies such as star, chain, and ring topologies.

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Summary

BTS3900A Function and Features

BTS3900A Hardware Structure such as BBU and DRFU etc.

BTS3900A Network Topology

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Thank You
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