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Dominguez, Rochelle L.

July 01, 2015

BSIT721 Foreign Language

Ms. Sheila S. Bautista

NUMBERS IN KOREA
Koreans use two different numbering systems, depending on the object being counted (e.g. money,
phone numbers, people, hours, or simply how many there are).
Sino-Korean
Related to the Chinese
language, this system was
introduced into Korean
probably around the 2nd
century B.C. thus it is the
"new" system.
Preferred system for counting
money, large numbers, dates
(years, months, and days),
time (minutes), measuring,
currency, math, phone
numbers and addresses.

Origin

Usage

Numeral

Sino-Korean

0
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

yeong
il (hana)
ee (dul)
sam (set)
sa (net)
o (dasaul)
yuk
chil
pal
gu
ship

Numera
l
30
40
Retrieved from:

Native Korean
Used by Koreans since time
immemorial, this system
represents the "ancient"
system. The linguistic origin is
obscure. It is a pure Korean.
Preferred system for counting a
manageable number of objects,
people, age (anything fewer
than 100)

Native
Korean

Numeral

Sino-Korean

Native
Korean

hana
dul
set
net
dasaul
yasaul
ilgop
yodoll
ahop
yoll

11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20

ship-il
ship-ee
ship-sam
ship-sa
ship-o
ship-yuk
ship-chil
ship-pal
ship-gu
i-ship

yoll-hana
yoll-dul
yoll-set
yoll-net
yoll-dasaul
yoll-yasaul
yoll-ilgop
yoll-yodoll
yoll-ahop
sumul

Sino-Korean

Native Korean

Numeral

Sino-Korean

Native Korean

sam-ship
sa-ship

soran
mahun

70
80

chil-ship
pal-ship

irun
yodun

http://www.omniglot.com/language/numbers/korean.htm
http://www.lifeinkorea.com/Language/korean.cfm?Subject=numbers

50
60

o-ship
yuk-ship

shween
yesun

Numeral
100
200
300
400
500
600
700
800
900

Sino-Korean
baek
ee-baek
sam-baek
sa-baek
o-baek
yuk-baek
chil-baek
pal-baek
gu-baek

90
100

gu-ship
baek

Numeral
1000
10,000
100,000
1,000,000
100 Million
1 trillion

ahun
-

Sino-Korean
cheon
man
sipman
baekman
eok
jo

MONTHS IN KOREA
Korean (based on
pronunciation)
il-wol
ee-wol
sam-wol
sa-wol
o-wol
yuk-wol
chil-wol
pal-wol
gu-wol
shi-wol
shib-il-wol
shib-ee-wol

English
January
February
March
April
May
June
July
August
September
October
November
December

English

Korean

Sunday
Monday
Tuesday
Wednesday
Thursday
Friday
Saturday

ilyo-il
wolyo-il
hwayo-il
suyo-il
mogyo-il
kumyo-il
toyo-il

YEARS IN KOREA
Both Native and Sino-Korean numbers can be used to count years; the only difference is the marker.
For Native Korean numbers it is followed by the marker (hae) and for Sino-Korean number its
(nyon).
Year
1995
1996
1997
1998
1999
Retrieved from:

Korean
cheon gu-baek gu-ship o nyon
cheon gu-baek gu-ship yuk nyon
cheon gu-baek gu-ship chil nyon
cheon gu-baek gu-ship pal nyon
cheon gu-baek gu-ship gu nyo

Year
2000
2001
2002
2010
2015

http://www.omniglot.com/language/numbers/korean.htm
http://www.lifeinkorea.com/Language/korean.cfm?Subject=numbers

Korean
ee-cheon nyon
ee-cheon il nyon
ee-cheon ee nyon
ee-cheon ship nyon
ee-cheon ship-o nyon

Retrieved from:

http://www.omniglot.com/language/numbers/korean.htm
http://www.lifeinkorea.com/Language/korean.cfm?Subject=numbers