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STONE MASTIC

ASPHALT

WHAT IS SMA
Stone mastic asphalt (SMA), also called stone-matrix asphalt. It is
homogeneous mixture of selected well graded aggregate , filler and
bitumen in such proportions as to yield a plastic and voidless mass
which Act as a very dense impermeable surfacing.
It was developed in Germany in the 1960s.

COMPOSITION OF SMA

COARSE AGGREGATE
FINE AGGREGATE
BINDER
FILLER
FIBRE

PROPERTIES OF COARSE AGGREGATE


Hard
Durable
Free from the organic mattrer
Resistance to stripping
Water absorpton should not be greater than 2%

GRADING OF COARSE AGGREGATE


Sieve

SMA 12.5 mm

19.0 mm

100

12.5 mm

90 99

9.5 mm

50 85

4.75 mm

28 40

2.36 mm

16 28

75 m

8 11

PROPERTIES OF FINE MATERIAL


Water absorption of a fine aggregate of any nominal size
from any source must not exceed 3.5%.
Soundness:- The weighted percent loss from a fine aggregate
must not exceed 12% of the test portion.

PROPERTIES OF FILER
The filler shall be limestone powder passing the 0.075
mm sieve .
Calcium carbonate content shall not be less than 80% by
weight.

ADVANTAGE OF SMA
Resistance to permanent deformation or rutting
Good durability due to high binder content
Good flexibility and resistance to fatigue
Good wear resistance
Good surface texture

DISADVANTAGE OF SMA
Increased cost
Increased mixing time and time taken to add extra filler, may result in
reduced productivity.
Possible delays in opening to traffic
Initial skid resistance may be low.

MIX DESIGN
HARDNESS NUMBER
At the time of manufacturing of 60 to 80 at 25c
At the time of laying 10 to 20 at 25c
BINDER CONTENT:
14 to 17% by weight of total mix.

MIX PROPERTIES
Design Parameter

Design Criteria

Air Voids %

4.0

Voids in Mineral Aggregate,


VMA %

17 Minimum

Tensile Strength Ratio %

70 Minimum

Draindown %

0.3 Maximum

TENSILE STRENGTH RATIO, TSR


Checks the moisture susceptibility of the asphalt
mixture.

where
S1 = average tensile strength of dry subset
S2 = average tensile strength of moisture conditioned
subset

Tensile Strength Ratio, TSR

DRAINDOWN
Mass of asphalt mortar that has drained from total
asphalt mass

Where:
Pi = Initial paper plate mass (grams)
Pf = Final paper plate mass (grams)
W = Mixture mass (grams)
D = % Drain-down