You are on page 1of 13

MDD 1: Contextual Factors

Students Name: Gerardo Prez Urea.

Teachers name: Mara Alejandra Torres Dendal.
Subject: Teaching Experience II.

June 30th, 2015. Concepcin.

Table of contents
Teacher work simple.4
Contextual Factors.5
Community in which the school is located and/or serves municipality or owner and
school factor..5

How those Factors May Impact my Lesson.....6


Student Characteristics and Their Instructional Implications..7


Description of First Characteristic of Student(s) in this Class.7

2.1.1 How this Characteristic Will Impact my Lesson8


Description of Second Characteristic of Students in this Class.8

2.2.1 How this Characteristic Will Impact my Lesson8


Physical Aspects of the Classroom and Their Instructional Implications.8


Description of First Physical Aspect..9

3.1.1 How this Aspect Will Impact my Lesson9


Description of Second Physical Aspect..............10

3.2.1 How this Aspect Will Impact my Lesson..10


Reflects on the importance of knowing about students and the context to provide


What is education? According to UNESCO Education is a fundamental human
right which promotes individual freedom and empowerment and yields important
development benefits. Besides, John Dewey, a philosopher and education reformer,
education is life, not just the preparation for it. That is why, teachers should be conscious
about how powerful education can be and how it can be affected by different
background factors of each student.
Moreover, teachers must never forgot about the importance of knowing about the
context in which they are teaching, because every student is different from another and
every one of them have different characteristics that influence the process of teaching
and learning, not only a second language, but also other subjects. Furthermore, every
classroom is a different universe inside schools and one class will not be the same
teaching a certain content as in another. That is why, it is very useful to raise awareness
of how students learn and acquire knowledge in order to apply a suitable method at the
moment of teaching.
Thus, the purpose of this MDD sample is to describe different aspects that will
influence the process of teaching and learning. Some aspects to cover are the
population of the schools, the facilities it owns and some specific students
characteristics. These aspects must be taken into consideration when planning the
lessons and implementing those lesson plan samples.

Teacher Work Simple

Lesson Title: English

Grade Level: Sixth grade
UCSC Supervisor: Mara Alejandra Torres Dendal
Mentor Teacher: Rubn Saavedra Iribarren

Contextual Factors
MDD Standard
1.- Community in which the school is located and/or serves, municipality or owner
and school factors:
During my Teaching Experience II, I have been observing an English language
class for 6th grade students at Escuela E-497 Corneta Cabrales located in Guacolda
#3825, Las Canchas in Talcahuano, VIII region.








to 8th grade (from




students, attending
students per level.
Kinder on.




activities at 08:00
from 230 to 1930


Pre Knder A
Pre Knder B
Knder A
Knder B
Primer ao A
Primer ao B
Segundo ao A
Segundo ao B
Tercer ao A
Tercer ao B
Cuarto ao A
Cuarto ao B
Quinto ao A
Quinto ao B
Sexto ao A
Sexto ao B
Sptimo ao A
Sptimo ao B
Octavo ao A
Octavo ao B

N of students

497 Corneta Cabrales



Talcahuano. This public

school levels NT1-NT2
(Pre-kinder and Kinder)
Elementary to Junior





Each level from Prethe school are imparted




am until 2:00 pm and

from Monday to Friday.


Cabrales, there is a team of 24 teachers and 4 trainees from different institutions

(myself included) as well as a team of learning support professionals such as
educational psychologist, counsellors, and special education assistants who offer
support in all education levels.
Moreover, this public institution is part of the JUNAEB School meals program,
which provides feeding (breakfast and lunch) aimed to students in conditions of social

Furthermore, the school holds a library, science laboratory, computer room with
3G connections to internet, gymnasium, a backyards, a nurses office, imprint and
photocopy room, a kitchen and a school cafeteria. The computer room is equipped with
30 computers, earphones with microphones, material for different subject and internet
connection. Besides, there is a data show projector in each classroom; on the other
hand, there is a set of 25 notebooks exclusively for the English classes.
1.1. How These Factors May Impact My Lessons:
From my perspective, I believe that those different assets the school owns will
impact my lessons positively. For instance, having a data show inside each classroom or
belonging a set of notebooks for the independent work in the English classes are an aid
and a complement for my lessons to teach, practice and reinforce contents interactively,
which is always something appealing to students and helps keep them motivated.
Furthermore, having notebooks with internet access will facilitate the learning
process by using them to show videos or realities related to English speaking countries
as well as fostering the independent work and avoiding giving projects as homework.
The latest mentioned before is also a positive element as students do all their work at
school where they will have the necessary support, provided that parents may not know
the language to help them. Overall, school amenities are positive assets for teaching
and implementing my lessons.
The fact that school provides feeding for students assures they will be well
nourished and fit to maximise learning, since nutrition is an important aspect to consider
when it comes to learning and paying attention and being active during classes.
However, one of the most important factors is the fact that the school has
specialists who can give support to special needs students.

2.- Student Characteristics and Their Instructional Implications:

Below, describe how two student characteristics you observed in your student
(e.g., gender, race/ethnicity, interests, students skill levels) might impact the way you

instruct those students. For example, your planning, motivation, management, or

assessment. For each example of the student characteristic, give a specific instructional
implication that will influence how you plan and implement your instruction.
2.1 Description of First Characteristic of Student(s) in this Class:
There is one students who is labelled as integrated student. This means that he
should be assessed differently or that his evaluations should be rated with a lower
percentage of difficulty (50 % instead of 60 %). However, this does not mean that he
should not be taken away from the classroom.
2.1.1 How This Characteristic Will Impact my Lesson:
In my opinion, I do not think that that characteristic will impact my lesson
negatively. I rather believe that it will make me be conscious and aware that not all my
students are the same. They are all different and that makes the classroom an entire
new universe; besides, every student in my classroom is intelligent enough to learn
English. Moreover, I have seen this student to be very participative in the class and that
he tries hard even though is not easy for him at all. That is why, I consider that this
student to be in my class as an advantage for myself as well as a challenge when
planning a lesson.

2.2 Description of Second Characteristic of Students in this Class:

This second characteristic is observed in all the students in my class which is that
they do not understand spoken English and do not produce the language, not even in a
basic level. They just produce chunks of language, but not often.

2.2.1 How This Characteristic Will Impact my Lesson:

In my opinion, it can be seen that this characteristic will not be of much help
whatsoever. I have noticed that their only input is Good Morning, Sit down, and their
output Good Morning, Teacher R Furthermore, when I introduced myself to them, they
did not understood, just what my name is. I do believe that it would be difficult for me to
approach them in the target language and it will impact my lesson negatively.
According to Nation (1997), the use of the L1 in an English class is not something
that must be forbidden at all costs; however, its use can foster Ss learning process of
the target language. Notwithstanding, there should be use of the target language to use
the L1 in order to foster the L2. In the case of my school, there is just use of L1 and what
was previously mentioned is not altogether fulfilled. That is why, I shall think through
what I am going to do when I will have to implement my lesson plans. That means,
whether I use the L2, the L2 and the L1 or just the L1.
3.- Physical Aspects of the Classroom and Their Instructional Implications:

Below, describe how two physical aspects of the classroom you observed (e.g.,
posters, room arrangement, technology) might impact the way you instruct students, for
example, planning, motivation, management, or assessment. For each example, give a
specific instructional implication that will influence how you plan and implement your

3.1 Description of First Physical Aspect:

Seating arrangement. The attached picture below shows how it looks like.

3.1.1 How This Aspect Will Impact My Lesson:

I consider this aspect as truly positive aspect for my lessons. I see this seating
arrangement as a positive element in my teaching as this may foster students learning
process. As I have seen during the short period of time I have been observing, students
change the place in which they usually sit as well as the seating arrangement. The one
presented above is the one that I have observed more frequently at the classroom;
however, there have also been two more different seating arrangement. Those have
been the following: Traditional Seating Arrangement and U shape Seating
3.2 Description of Second Physical Aspect:

Availability of technology equipment and resources inside and outside the

3.2.1How This Aspect Will Impact My Lesson:
According to Dawes (2001) technology has the potential to support education
and provide opportunities for effective communication between teachers and students.
In the classroom, there is access to a fixed data show projector. Outside the classroom,
there is a set of notebooks (25 notebooks) which belongs to the English department of
the school. Each students from 5th to 8th grade have their own account in one of those
notebooks. Nonetheless, students from 6th grade not often use them as their English
classes do not require use of notebooks, but as it was declared by the English teacher,
they use them sometimes. Therefore, the use of technology is a useful resource for
teaching and learning the language and helps students to do activities in a more
dynamic and entertaining way. This will definitely impact my lesson positively as I will be
able to use a ppt presentation, videos or any other source that I would like to implement
while teaching.

4.- Reflects on the importance of knowing about students and the context to
provide quality teaching.


From our point of view, it is very important to consider the context in which
teachers are going to teach, because every class has different students with a number
of different learning styles. Each student, as it was said previously, is an entire universe
with diverse interests, likes, dislikes and talents and those characteristic shall be taken
into consideration at any time. Provided that the context where teacher will implement
their lessons is known, that will allow them to adjust any practice and activity to students
needs whichever these may be. What has been mentioned also includes myself.
Besides, as a trainee, this kind of knowledge will guide me at the moment of
planning my lessons, due to the fact that those factors must be considered as they can
affect how successful my class will be. That is because a specific content may be taught
differently if my students interests are taken into consideration or not and that will
impact how much attention they will pay to what I will teach and if there will be
meaningful learning, as well.



To sum up, it becomes evident that, as trainee, the relevance, importance and the
impact that knowing the context and the learning environment have on the teaching
It is acknowledged that teaching requires more than just mere mastery of a
specific knowledge. Nowadays, teachers must face countless challenges in their
practice. The professionals of education must adapt and adjust to a series of new
realities that may come up suddenly in order to attain meaningful learning. In addition,
teaching EFL proves to be a more challenging task for teachers in our society as English
is not spoken in the country. That is why, it is a must that innovation and new
methodologies in the classroom should be applied in order to motivate and engage
students in the process of learning a foreign language.
Therefore, it is certainly important to know my students and the context that I am
working at to provide quality teaching. One of the main reasons to know my students
and their context is to be able to plan the lessons according to their interests as well as
their social context.



Dawes, L. (2001). What stops teachers using new technology? In M. Leask, Issues in
teaching using ICT. London: Routledge.
Nation, P. (1997). L1 and L2 Use in the Classroom: A Systematic Approach (pp. 19-27).
New Zealand
UNESCO, (2015). The Right for Education. Education. Retrieved June 15, 2015, from: