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Booklet

Cambridge PRIMARY

Science

Learners Book and Activity Book Samples

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We at Cambridge University Press International Education are driven by a simple imperative:
to work alongside educators and learners to provide individuals with accessible, inspirational
learning resources that lead them to a lifetime of achievement. We are proud to share the goldstandard tradition and contemporary relevance of the University of Cambridge. For us, academic
rigour, innovative thinking and leading edge practices are crucial aspects of delivering the
excellent, fully rounded education that the 21st-century learner demands.
Cambridge University Press is a world-leading international education publisher, providing
educational materials, resources and services to teachers and learners, from ages 3-19, in over
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education.cambridge.org

A view from the publisher why


we have commissioned Cambridge
Primary Science
An enquiry-based, language-rich approach
to learning with an international focus
Methodology and approach
Cambridge Primary Science is a flexible series that can be used to support a range
of teaching methods in different settings. We do this by offering a variety of ideas
for activities to support teaching and learning of each objective in the curriculum
framework, from which you can select those most suited to your learners.
In keeping with the Cambridge International Examinations curriculum framework,
Cambridge Primary Science strongly supports a science curriculum in which
enquiry is central. Support for the scientific enquiry learning objectives is
embedded across the series, with full guidance for teachers on how to develop
the required skills. Throughout, activities are suggested that will help learners to
discover and investigate scientific concepts for themselves in an engaging way.
Cambridge Primary Science is a truly international series, written for a global
audience. Exercises focussing on scientific vocabulary and suggestions for
classroom discussion are included throughout the series, thus supporting
development of language as well as subject knowledge. Examples from a
wide range of international settings are included and alternative activities are
suggested in case certain materials are hard to come by in your part of the world.

Key features
In our Learners Books,, all required learning objectives are covered in an engaging visual
layout and suggestions for hands-on activities encourage enquiry-led learning. The Talk
about it! features stimulates classroom discussion and the Check your progress questions
present assessment opportunities and help learners prepare for the Progression and
Checkpoint Tests.
In the Activity Books, additional exercises for each topic may be completed in class or set
as homework. The exercises help to consolidate understanding, apply knowledge in new
situations and develop scientific enquiry skills. Core vocabulary is developed in a dedicated
language activity for each unit in Stages 3 to 6.
The Teachers Resource Book with CD-ROM offers support for using all three components.
The teaching ideas offer flexibility with plenty of activity suggestions, as well as guidance on
differentiation, assessment and using resources available online. Additionally, a collection of
worksheets supports suggested activities. The resource offers flexible delivery, with all content
both in print and in editable format on the CD-ROM.
We hope you enjoy your sample copy and dont forget to visit
education.cambridge.org/cambridgeprimary to find out more!
The International Education team

Introducing Cambridge Primary


Cambridge Primary series
In addition to our market-leading titles for Cambridge Checkpoint, Cambridge O Level,
Cambridge IGCSE and Cambridge International AS and A Level, we will be publishing an
exciting new series for the Cambridge Primary curriculum frameworks developed by Cambridge
International Examinations for Stages 1-6 and for the Cambridge Primary English as a Second
Language (ESL) curriculum framework developed by Cambridge English Language Assessment.
This will complete the learners journey with Cambridge materials from Primary to Pre-University.
We are working with Cambridge International Examinations towards endorsement of the
brand new suite of products for English, Mathematics and Science. Cambridge Global English
will not go through the Cambridge endorsement process as it follows the curriculum framework
developed by Cambridge English Language Assessment.

About the Cambridge Primary Curriculum


Cambridge Primary, typically for 511 year olds, gives schools a curriculum framework to develop
skills, knowledge and understanding in younger learners. Cambridge Primary provides guidance
for curriculum development and classroom teaching and learning. It enables teachers to assess
childrens learning as they progress with Cambridge Primary Progression Tests. [Cambridge English
Language Assessment tests for learners at the Cambridge Primary stage are: Cambridge English
Starters, Movers and Flyers and Key English Test (KET) for schools].

About Cambridge Primary Science


Cambridge Primary Science fully covers the Cambridge Primary Science curriculum framework.
The course offers plenty of teaching ideas to give flexibility, allowing teachers to select activities
most appropriate to their classroom and learners.
An enquiry-based style of teaching and learning is stimulated, with the scientific enquiry
objectives integrated throughout to encourage learning of these skills alongside the scientific
concepts. The language level is carefully pitched to be accessible to EAL/ESL learners, with
concepts illustrated through diagrams to allow visual understanding and learning. There is
dedicated support for practising scientific language and vocabulary.
Comprehensive teaching support helps teachers to bring all elements of the course together in
the classroom.
IGCSE is the registered trademark of Cambridge International Examinations.

What is in your free sample?


Included you will find a representative sample chapter for two stages of:

Cambridge Primary Science Learners Book

Cambridge Primary Science Activity Book

There is another sample booklet available titled Science Booklet 2 which has within it sample
chapters for two stages of:

Cambridge Primary Science Teachers Resource Book

To see samples of all stages as they become available simply visit


education.cambridge.org/cambridgeprimary

What is in the complete series?


Cambridge Primary Science

Learners Books

Cambridge Primary Science Learners Book 1 - 9781107611382

Cambridge Primary Science Learners Book 2 - 9781107611399

Cambridge Primary Science Learners Book 3 - 9781107611412

Cambridge Primary Science Learners Book 4 - 9781107674509

Cambridge Primary Science Learners Book 5 - 9781107663046

Cambridge Primary Science Learners Book 6 - 9781107699809

Activity Books

Cambridge Primary Science Activity Book 1 - 9781107611429

Cambridge Primary Science Activity Book 2 - 9781107611436

Cambridge Primary Science Activity Book 3 - 9781107611450

Cambridge Primary Science Activity Book 4 - 9781107656659

Cambridge Primary Science Activity Book 5 - 9781107658974

Cambridge Primary Science Activity Book 6 - 9781107643758

Teachers Resource Books

Cambridge Primary Science Teachers Resource Book with CD-ROM 1 - 9781107611467

Cambridge Primary Science Teachers Resource Book with CD-ROM 2 - 9781107611481

Cambridge Primary Science Teachers Resource Book with CD-ROM 3 - 9781107611504

Cambridge Primary Science Teachers Resource Book with CD-ROM 4 - 9781107661516

Cambridge Primary Science Teachers Resource Book with CD-ROM 5 - 9781107676732

Cambridge Primary Science Teachers Resource Book with CD-ROM 6 - 9781107662025

How do I order, find out more and register my interest?


Simply visit education.cambridge.org/cambridgeprimary for more information on
the series, extended sample material and to pre-order your copies!

Also available for Cambridge Primary


Cambridge Primary Mathematics

Learners Books

Cambridge Primary Mathematics Learners Book 1 - 9781107631311

Cambridge Primary Mathematics Learners Book 2 - 9781107615823

Cambridge Primary Mathematics Learners Book 3 - 9781107667679

Cambridge Primary Mathematics Learners Book 4 - 9781107662698

Cambridge Primary Mathematics Learners Book 5 - 9781107638228

Cambridge Primary Mathematics Learners Book 6 - 9781107618596

Games Books

Cambridge Primary Mathematics Games Book with CD-ROM 1 - 9781107646407

Cambridge Primary Mathematics Games Book with CD-ROM 2 - 9781107623491

Cambridge Primary Mathematics Games Book with CD-ROM 3 - 9781107694019

Cambridge Primary Mathematics Games Book with CD-ROM 4 - 9781107685420

Cambridge Primary Mathematics Games Book with CD-ROM 5 - 9781107614741

Cambridge Primary Mathematics Games Book with CD-ROM 6 -9781107667815

Teachers Resource Books

Cambridge Primary Mathematics Teachers Resource Book with CD-ROM 1 - 9781107656833

Cambridge Primary Mathematics Teachers Resource Book with CD-ROM 2 - 9781107640733

Cambridge Primary Mathematics Teachers Resource Book with CD-ROM 3 - 9781107668898

Cambridge Primary Mathematics Teachers Resource Book with CD-ROM 4 - 9781107692947

Cambridge Primary Mathematics Teachers Resource Book with CD-ROM 5 - 9781107658547

Cambridge Primary Mathematics Teachers Resource Book with CD-ROM 6 - 9781107694361

We also have a comprehensive range of materials for Cambridge Checkpoint, Cambridge IGCSE,
Cambridge O Level and Cambridge International AS and A Level.
Simply visit education.cambridge.org for more information on all these series.

How do I order, find out more and register my interest?


Simply visit education.cambridge.org/cambridgeprimary for more information on
the series, extended sample material and to pre-order your copies!

Also available for Cambridge Primary


Cambridge Global English*

Learners Books

Cambridge Global English Learners Book with Audio CD 1 - 9781107676091

Cambridge Global English Learners Book with Audio CD 2 - 9781107613805

Cambridge Global English Learners Book with Audio CD 3 - 9781107613843

Cambridge Global English Learners Book with Audio CD 4 - 9781107613638

Cambridge Global English Learners Book with Audio CD 5 - 9781107619814

Cambridge Global English Learners Book with Audio CD 6 - 9781107621251

Activity Books

Cambridge Global English Activity Book 1 - 9781107655133

Cambridge Global English Activity Book 2 - 9781107613812

Cambridge Global English Activity Book 3 - 9781107613836

Cambridge Global English Activity Book 4 - 9781107613614

Cambridge Global English Activity Book 5 - 9781107621237

Cambridge Global English Activity Book 6 - 9781107626867

Teachers Resource Books

Cambridge Global English Teachers Resource Book 1 - 9781107642263

Cambridge Global English Teachers Resource Book 2 - 9781107664968

Cambridge Global English Teachers Resource Book 3 - 9781107656741

Cambridge Global English Teachers Resource Book 4 - 9781107690745

Cambridge Global English Teachers Resource Book 5 - 9781107646124

Cambridge Global English Teachers Resource Book 6 - 9781107635814

*Cambridge Global English has not been through the Cambridge endorsement process.

We also have a comprehensive range of materials for Cambridge Checkpoint, Cambridge IGCSE,
Cambridge O Level and Cambridge International AS and A Level.
Simply visit education.cambridge.org for more information on all these series.

Cambridge PRIMARY

Science

Learners Book

Unit
Being alive

Jon Board
Alan Cross

Being alive

1.1 Animals and plants alive!


Words to learn
plant
alive
look

dr

af

ts

am

pl
e

living
animal
non-living

Can you see a living plant?


Can you see a living animal?
Can you see things that have never been alive?
The Sun is hot but it is not alive. It is a non-living thing.

1 Being alive

Activity 1.1

You will need:


a clipboard a digital camera

What living things can we find?

Go outside to look at living things.

pl
e

Photograph or draw those you find.


Look for the largest living thing you can see.

Look for the smallest living thing you can find.

am

Try to find six living things.

Talk about the photos below with your friends.


Which photos show things that are alive?

ts

Which photos show things that are non-living?

dr

af

How do you know which things are alive?

W hat you have learnt


Some things are alive.
Some things have never been alive.
1 Being alive

1.2 Local environments


Words to learn
environment farm
pet
compare

dr

af

ts

am

pl
e

Each living thing needs a place to live


and lives in a local environment.

Look at each animal. Look at each plant. Where does it live?


Why does it live there?
Animals can be found in natural environments.
They can also be found on a farm, in a zoo and in homes
as a pet.

1 Being alive

Activity 1.2a

You will need:

Where do plants grow?

a clipboard a digital
camera

Go outside and look at the plants.


Where do they grow?
Why do they grow where they do?

pl
e

Think about where you will find plants


growing outside.

Activity 1.2b

am

Compare how many plants you find in different environments.

ts

Birds come to school

Have you seen birds at school? Where do you see them?


Can we make the environment better for them?

af

How could we make a feeding table?

dr

Make a drawing to show how you could help the birds.

W hat you have learnt


Each living thing lives in a local environment.
The local environment gives them a home, food and water.
1 Being alive

1.3 Animal babies


Look at the
little bear
cub.

Words to learn
calf
young

dr

af

ts

am

pl
e

baby
human

How many baby animals can you see?


Can you see the baby elephant calf?
Are all the babies like their parents?

10

1 Being alive

pl
e

All animals make babies. The babies grow up into adults.


A human mother usually has just one baby. Why?

am

Some animals have lots of babies.

Birds and rabbits can have eight or nine young.

Activity 1.3

ts

Make a nursery for a baby animal

Make a model nursery for a baby animal.

You will need:


modelling material or
a construction kit cardboard
scissors glue sticky tape

dr

af

Make sure you include food, water and a home.

W hat you have learnt


Humans and other animals have babies.
Young animals grow into adults.
1 Being alive

11

1.4 Healthy food and drink


Do you want to grow up healthy
and strong?

Words to learn

Eat lots of healthy food like fruit and


vegetables. Also drink lots of water.

healthy
fat
salt

dr

af

ts

am

pl
e

food
sugar

Which lunch bag is healthier?


12

1 Being alive

Activity 1.4

You will need:


pictures of food

My healthy plate

Draw, or stick on, pictures of


these foods.

What have
I eaten
today?

pl
e

Draw your own plate of food for today.

am

Compare your plate with a plate of


healthy food.

Fruit and vegetables come from plants.

ts

They are full of good things


for your body.

dr

af

They do not have too much fat,


sugar and salt. Too much of
these things is not healthy.

W hat you have learnt


Some foods and drinks are healthy.
Foods and drinks with too much fat, sugar
and salt are not healthy.
Drinking lots of water is healthy.
1 Being alive

13

1.5 Check your progress


Matt, the librarian, is in a muddle.
He has dropped some books.

pl
e

Which books go on each shelf?

am

Here are two local environments.

ts

dr

af

Which animals live in each environment?

14

meerkat

duck

frog

newt

snake

scorpion

dragonfly

camel

1 Being alive

Can you match each adult animal with its young?

Which of these foods are healthy foods?

dr

af

ts

am

pl
e

1 Being alive

15

Cambridge PRIMARY

Science

Activity Book

Unit
Being alive

Jon Board
Alan Cross

Being alive

Exercise 1.1

Animals and plants alive!

pl
e

In this exercise, you will think about things that are alive and
things that have never been alive.

dr

af

ts

am

Gizela takes care of the animals and plants in her shop.

Say how you think she cares for the animals and plants.
Colour in all the things that are alive.
8

1 Being alive

Exercise 1.2

Local environments

In this exercise, you will look at where different animals live.

am

ts

goat

pl
e

Draw a line from each animal to its local environment.


The first one has been done for you.

tree

dr

af

duck

river

crab

seashore

bird

field
1 Being alive

Exercise 1.3

Animal babies

2-months-old

3-months-old

4-months-old

am

1-month-old

pl
e

In this exercise, you will learn by looking at pictures.


We drew around Sheenas foot every month. Is she growing?

What do these footprints show?

Draw in a footprint for when Sheena is 4-months-old.

Will Sheena need smaller or bigger shoes when she is

ts

dr

af

4-months-old?

How could you find out about the way Sheenas hands
are growing?

10

1 Being alive

Exercise 1.4

Healthy food and drink

This exercise will help you to understand about healthy foods.


Uba wants to eat healthy foods.

am

pl
e

Circle the healthy foods for Uba.

dr

af

ts

Can you add your own ideas for healthy foods?


Draw pictures to show your ideas.

1 Being alive

11

Cambridge PRIMARY

Science

Learners Book

3
Unit 6
Forces and movement

Jon Board
Alan Cross

Forces and movement

6.1 Push and pull

learn
pull
start
slow down

pl
e

Every day you push and pull many things.


Push and pull are examples of a force .

Words to
push
force
get faster
direction

am

Six children divide into two teams to have a tug of war.


How are the children using pushing forces and pulling
forces? What could they do so that they dont get hurt?

af

ts

Each team pulls hard. They pull


with their hands.

Each team pushes with their feet.

dr

Forces can start and stop things moving.


They can also make things get faster ,
slow down or change direction .
A great tug of war that
involves thousands of
people is held in Naha,
Okinawa, Japan. It uses two
ropes made of rice straw.
Each rope is 2 m in diameter
and over 300 m long.

58

6 Forces and movement

Activity 6.1
Forces start and stop things moving

You will need:


a ball some water in a bowl
a balloon a chair a pencil

Challenge

am

pl
e

Work with a partner and find ways to start each of


your objects moving.
See if you can feel the push or pull you are using.
Now find ways to stop each of the objects from
moving.
See if you can feel the force you are using this time.
Finally, find ways to change the direction in which
each object moves.

How could you investigate how the size of the push or


pull you give to a ball affects how far it moves?

ts

Questions

1 Make a list of forces you have used so far today.


2 List five things you move with a pulling force.

dr

af

3 Name a game in which you change


the direction of a ball.

W hat you have learnt

Magnets can be
used to pick up
magnetic objects.

Talk about it!


What have magnets
got to do with forces?

Push and pull are examples of a force.


We can use forces to start things moving,
stop things moving and change their
direction.
6 Forces and movement

59

6.2 Changing shape


Forces can change the shape of things.

Words to learn
observe
effect

am

pl
e

This potter is using a force


to create a clay pot.

A baker uses a force


when making bread.

ts

This carpenter is using a


force to carve the wood.

Activity 6.2a

af

Investigating forces

dr

Drop a ball of clay from a height of 5 cm.


Observe what happens to the ball of clay.
Write down your observations or draw what the
clay looks like.
Shape the clay into a ball again. Drop the ball
from a height of 10 cm. What is the effect on
the ball of clay?
Drop the ball of clay from three more different
heights.
Use ideas about forces to explain the pattern.

60

6 Forces and movement

You will need:


a ball of clay ruler

Activity 6.2b

You will need:


a small, heavy ball different objects
a paper tube

Dropping a ball onto objects

pl
e

Try using your hands to change the shape


of the objects in front of you. Which were easy to change?
Use a wide, tall paper tube to drop a heavy ball onto
the objects.
First, predict what will happen to each material. Use a table
like this.
Prediction

Result

biscuit

break

broke into 5 pieces

clay
raw vegetable
stone

ts

cooked vegetable

am

Object

af

Plan and carry out this test. How will you make it a fair test?
Record the results.

Questions

dr

1 Do all materials change shape when they are pulled or


pushed by hand?
2 List some workers who have to change
the shape of materials.

W hat you have learnt


Forces can change the shape of things.

Talk about it!


How do forces in nature
change the shape of
the land?

6 Forces and movement

61

6.3 How big is that force?


There are small forces and big forces.
2

pl
e

dr

af

ts

am

Omar pulls his toys with elastic. He is pulling with more force on some toys.
How can you tell that this is the case? What toy do you think needs the
biggest force?

This girl is using a small force to


pull on the empty sledge.

A volcano has so much


force it can blast large
rocks high in the air.

62

6 Forces and movement

It takes a bigger force


to pull this vehicle.

Activity 6.3

You will need:


a balloon objects to push against

Investigating how much force

Questions

am

Choose five objects to push against.


Record your results. Say whether you
used a very small force, a medium
force or a large force.

pl
e

Push against different objects with a


balloon until they move. The bigger
the force you need to move the object,
the more squashed the balloon will be.

a
a
a
a

horse pulling a cart


girl lifting a book
train pulling wagons
bird picking up a leaf.

af

ts

1 Put these in order from the


biggest force to the smallest
force:

dr

2 Saida stretches an elastic band. Is this a


pulling force or a pushing force?

W hat you have learnt

All sorts of large things can be


moved with a large force.

Talk about it!


How could you measure
the size of a force?

There are different sizes of force.

6 Forces and movement

63

6.4 Forcemeters
If you push on a door
with foam you can see
the size of the push.

Words to learn
forcemeter
newton

am

pl
e

Aleksy and Peng both push on a piece of foam.


We can see how hard they push.

af

ts

A forcemeter is a piece of
equipment that measures the size of
a force. Forcemeters measure the size
of pulls.

dr

The unit of force is the


newton (N). The unit is
named after the famous
scientist Isaac Newton,
who did a lot of work
on forces.

Forcemeters
measure the
size of pulls.

64

6 Forces and movement

Sir Isaac Newton

Activity 6.4

You will need:


a forcemeter

Measuring forces

pl
e

Use a forcemeter to measure different pulling forces around your school.


Before you measure, predict which object will need the biggest force to
pull it. Record the sizes of the forces in a table. Draw a bar chart to show
the results. Compare your predictions with what you found out.

am

A cycle helmet must be


strong enough to protect
the cyclist if their head
gets hurt by a force.

The forces in the


ropes will be
different for
different climbers.

ts

Tennis players
use forces of
different sizes to
control the ball.

af

Questions

1 What is the unit of measurement of force:


b a forcemeter c a pull?

dr

a a newton

The wind creates


a force on the sail
which moves the boat
through the water.

2 Why is it important for equipment


for sport to be strong?

W hat you have learnt


There is simple equipment which we can
use to measure forces.

Talk about it!


What could you use to
measure pushing
forces?

The unit of measurement of force is the newton.


6 Forces and movement

65

6.5 Friction

Rub your hands together.


Feel them rubbing and
getting warm.

am

When hands are


rubbed together
friction acts
between them.

Friction can start and stop things moving.


You need the friction between the floor and
your shoes to help you start walking.

ts

You can go very


fast down a slide.
There will be
friction between
your clothes and
the surface of
the slide.

Words to learn
friction
grip
smooth
rough

pl
e

is a force that acts when two


surfaces rub together. Some materials
cause more friction than others.
Friction

af

There is friction between the bottom of your shoes and


the floor which helps your shoes to grip the floor surface.
This stops you from sliding.

dr

Ice is slippery. There is little


friction between the puck
and the ice and so the puck
slides easily when it is hit by
the players stick.

If you roll something across a surface,


friction will cause it to slow down. It will
stop at some point. Friction also help
things to change direction.
66

6 Forces and movement

The friction between the ball


and the bat helps the ball to
change direction.

You will need:


a small trolley a forcemeter different
types of surface

Activity 6.5
Forces and friction

ts

Questions

am

pl
e

You can use a forcemeter to find out about friction. If there is more
friction, you will need a bigger force to make something move.
Plan an investigation.
You will pull a trolley across different surfaces
with a forcemeter.
Predict which surface will produce the most
friction. Try using a very smooth surface and
a rough surface.
How will you measure this? How will you
record your results?
When you have done the test, decide what your conclusion is.
If you have time, test other surfaces.

1 When does friction act?

dr

af

2 Faye loves her garden slide. She finds that when she wears
cotton clothes she goes faster than when she wears woollen
clothes. Explain why.

W hat you have learnt


Friction acts when two surfaces rub
together.

Talk about it!


Why are some shoes
safer to wear on ice
than others?

The size of the friction force depends on the


two surfaces which are rubbing together.
6 Forces and movement

67

Check your progress


1

Here is a ball bouncing


toward Kamili.

Which forcemeter is measuring the greatest force?

dr

af

ts

am

the balls direction?

pl
e

a How can she stop it?


b How can she change

68

6 Forces and movement

Alex tested the force needed to pull his skateboard over different
surfaces. Here are the results.

pl
e

4
3
2
1
0

wood

am

Force in newtons (N)

grass

stone

ts

Type of surface

af

a Which surface was the hardest to pull the skateboard on?


b Which surface was the easiest to pull the skateboard on?

Which surface creates the most friction with a skateboard:

dr

wood
grass

stone?

Explain your answer.

6 Forces and movement

69

Cambridge PRIMARY

Science

Activity Book

3
Unit 6
Forces and movement

Jon Board
Alan Cross

Forces and movement


Exercise 6.1

Push and pull

In this exercise, you will think about things that are pushed
and pulled. The pictures are to help you, but do add your own
ideas. Draw or write them in the boxes below.

Things I push

Things I pull

6 Forces and movement

33

Exercise 6.2

Changing shape

In this exercise, you will think about how the shape of objects
and materials can be changed using forces.
Draw the object and say how you would change its shape.
Object

wood

sandcastle

elastic band

34

6 Forces and movement

What type of force could I use to


change the shape?

Exercise 6.3

Small force or big force?

In this exercise, you will sort pictures into those that


show a big force and those that show a small force.

Draw a line from each picture


to the correct box.

small
force

big
force
6 Forces and movement

35

Exercise 6.4

How much force?

In this exercise, match each object to the size of force needed to make it
start to move. The first one has been done for you.
brick

10 newtons

book

5 newtons

box of paper

shoe

car

heavy door

Explain your choices to the class.


36

6 Forces and movement

25 newtons

1 newton

20 newtons

10 000 newtons

Exercise 6.5 Friction


In this exercise, you will think about where friction is acting.
Look at the pictures. Draw an arrow to show where friction is acting.

6 Forces and movement

37

Language review
This exercise checks that you understand the scientific words
used in this unit.
Match each word to its meaning.
The first one has been done for you.

38

force

opposite of push

newton

a machine for
measuring forces

pull

opposite of pull

forcemeter

a push or a pull

friction

a force which acts


when two surfaces
are in contact

push

the unit of force

6 Forces and movement