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SCFT Procedure

Prepared by:
Samsung

Course Name: SCFT Procedure


Course Objective
Who should attend
This module will enable participants
RF / DT engineers, Riggers
to understand how to conduct SCFT

Afternoon Session (2:30pm to 6pm)

Health &Safety
Introduction to SCFT
Day 1

SCFT Requirements
Preparations for SCFT
Physical Site Check
Drive Test

Lunch break

Morning Session ((.30am to 1:30pm)

XCAL Demonstration
Hands on exercises

Good to know
Keep your mobile phone in the silent mode during the session
Need to sign attendance sheet at the start and end of each day
At the end of each training post test will be conducted

Stick to break timings


Your valuable feedback will be taken at the end to enhance training experience
For logistics support contact the co-ordinator

Schedule
Day

Time

Session

Topic

10.00am to 1.00pm

1st

Introduction to SCFT

1.30pm to 6.00pm

2nd

Introduction to Smart DM tool

10.00am to 1.00pm

1st

Introduction to EMF measurement

1.30pm to 6.00pm

2nd

EMF measurement in Field

10.00am to 1.00pm

1st

Day 1

Day 2

Day 3

Introduction to Cluster Optimization


1.30pm to 6.00pm

2nd

10.30am to 1.00pm

1st

Field test Practice

1.30pm to 6.00pm

2nd

Q&A and Exam

Day 4

Agenda
Health & Safety Requirements
Introduction to SCFT

What is SCFT
Overview of SCFT Process
SCFT Workflow
Roles & Responsibilities

SCFT Requirements
Lead time
Tools

Preparations for SCFT

TSSR Review
eNB Parameter Review
Drive Route
Checklists

Agenda (2)
Physical Site Check
Measurements of height, azimuth, tilt

Drive Test
Types of tests
Tools required
Measurements & parameters

Health & Safety Requirements

Safety Equipment
Sr. No.

Required Tools

Photo

Use of tools

Safety Belts

It is designed to distribute any force applied duri


ng a fall throughout the pelvis, thighs, waist, che
st and shoulders. It is also used as attachment po
ints for other climbing equipment components.

Safety Shoes

Safety Shoe is essential to ensure safe and health


y feet. Steel toe boots and shoes protect your fe
et, help prevent injuries to them, and reduce the
severity of injuries that may occur in the workpla
ce.

Hand Gloves

Its keeping your hands safe, And its used for gri
p and dexterity.

Helmets

Climbing helmets save lives. They are designed t


o protect your head from falling overhead debris,
And they offer protection in the event of a fall.

Introduction to SCFT

Single Cell Functional Test (SCFT)


Verification of

(((

(((

Availability and performance of


desired services
Physical configuration of the eNodeB
for each sector
Correct installation and configuration
of the eNodeB

Testing specific services at the site and


while driving around the site

SCFT High-level Process


SCFT

Preparation for SCFT

EMF Survey

Physical checks of eNB site (with EMF survey)

SOLPAR
Scope

No

Pass

Adjust Antenna
Parameter

Yes

Drive Test

No

Pass

Change system or
physical parameter

Yes

Analysis
No

Pass
Yes

Submit SCFT report to RJIL

Check for HO Fail,


Sector Swap,
Coverage issues

SCFT Workflow

SCFT Team Composition

Roles & Responsibilities SOLPAR RF Manager


Daily tracking of progress status

Extend support to circle SCFT Team for their minor & critical issues.
Interact with Samsung on Progress Management: Daily, Weekly,
Monthly basis.
SCFT Team Management and site allocation to RF Engineers,
Technicians, Riggers & Car drivers.
Validation of drive routes, discussion of issues, site performance
analysis
Support field team for troubleshooting and any other support
during SCFT activity
Prepare the RF Database and data backup of all drive related tests
and provide to Samsung

Roles & Responsibilities SOLPAR RF Engineer


Fill the checklist as per TSSR data

Extend support to field team for their minor & critical issues

Create the drive routes

Arrange the drive

Track the SCFT of sites allocated


Interact with Samsung on progress management: daily, weekly,
monthly basis.
Prepare the checklist

Roles & Responsibilities SOLPAR DT & Field Engineers


Perform Field Test: DT testing and data collection during SCFT/Cluster Optimization
Check site information & change Ant. Parameters

Carry all the necessary tools in field

Rigger will check site as per the checklist

Rigger will make corrections on site and inform Drive Test Engineer
Drive Test Engineer will configure the Smart S4 mini as per defined
test scenarios

Drive Test Engineer will save the log file. In case of handoff fail, bad
RSRP, call drop etc., inform respective teams immediately

Summary
Strictly follow all the health & safety guidelines
SCFT verifies the availability and desired performance of a site
SCFT involves physical & parameter check of eNodeB, corrections if needed,
followed by a drive test around the site
SCFT team consists of an RF engineer, DT engineer, Rigger and Car driver with
well-defined roles and responsibilities for all

Quiz
You find that the antenna azimuth is incorrect. You will _________
Correct it, log and report the error and then proceed with drive test
Proceed with the drive test and report it later
Cancel the drive test

During the drive test, handover fails. You will _______


Continue with the drive test as it is
Report it to the respective team before continuing
Cancel the drive test
EMF survey is conducted by rigger _______
Before the SCFT drive
After completion of the SCFT drive
In parallel with the SCFT drive

SCFT Requirements

Tools Required
Sr.No

Tool Name

Description

Specification

Vehicle with AC

Driving test & power supply

Must have cigarette lighter point for


connecting the power inverter

Power inverter

DC to AC

Over 500W

Smart phone (with D


Samsung Galaxy Mini S4
M application)

Compass

Measurement of antenna azimuth

Tilt Measure

Measure the antenna tilt

Camera

7
8

Need 2 test mobile phones


DL, UL and VoLTE test
SIM card to support from RJIL
2 EA Charger
2 EA Extra battery (Optional)
2 EA Smart phone holder

Require to capture for antenna pics in


Over 10.1 Mega Pixel (Over 8GB)
case of any obstruction
Laser meter or measu
If using measuring tape, above 50 m
Require to check the antenna height
ring tape
eters
Multi tab
Extension cable for connections of lap
Over 5 Ports
(Power extension)
top etc.

Spanner

Adjustable spanner

1 set

10

Tool kit

Rigger tool kit, for physical changes

1 set

UE (Smart phone & Dongle) Testing


Check performance of the smart tool DM at least twice a month, e.g. in the
2nd and 4th week of the month
Check at a location where following coverage criteria are met
RSRP : better than -70dBm
SINR : better than 23 dB

Check based on RF parameters RSRP, SINR, Throughput, MCS, CQI etc

Maintain a detailed sheet to identify the best performing Smart DM tools

Maintain performance check records with history as per the attached sheet

Appendex-Smart DM
performance management.xls

Preparations for SCFT

Preparations for SCFT

TSSR Review

eNB Parameter
Verification
from LSM-R

Drive Route

Checklist

Technical Site Survey Report (TSSR)


Site Name, and Site Address
Site location in terms of LAT/LON
Obstruction detail if any
Site information

Antenna Type, beam width pattern & gain


Antenna Azimuth, Antenna Height, Tilt
Antenna
parameters

Simulation
(Coverage Statistics
RSRP)

Outdoor Analysis of signal strength for outdoor coverage


Indoor Analysis of signal strength for indoor including penetration loss
Worst Area Analysis by Simulation Plot

TSSR (Continued)
Satellite &
Vector maps

Site drawing
map

Panoramic
pictures

Satellite map: Pre analysis for service area. Google earth snapshots of actual locations and
populated areas
Vector Map: Refer during drive test.

eNB installation information such as Antenna Pole Location


Antenna direction in terms of Azimuth
Location of ODU (outdoor unit) or shelter room of eNB
Location of other operator Antenna Pole & Shelter room

DT Engineer will take clutter pictures starting from North- Zero Degree at every 30
Degrees
Helps understand the clutter with respect to antenna azimuth

TSSR (Continued)
For each sector, take pictures of the antenna mounting

Check the antenna & pole-mount for free range movement


of the antenna, for azimuth adjustment. Show pictures with
obstructions if any. Note obstructions in the checklist.

Antenna mounting
obstruction &
photographs

Include pictures of any existing antenna system within 6 m of


a proposed antenna mounting location
Take pictures of any major distant blocking structure such as
a neighboring building or tower from the antenna point of
view (if blockage from sectors point of view is not captured
in panoramic photographs)

Preparations for SCFT

TSSR Review

eNB Parameter
Verification
from LSM-R

Drive Route

Checklist

Process to Check eNB Parameters


SOLPAR RF manger instructs engineer t
o collect eNB parameters from LSM-R e
ngineer
SOLPAR RF engineer will act accordingly
and request eNB parameters from LSMR engineer
LSM-R engineer has to prepare eNB par
ameter data for the site and provide it t
o SOLPAR RF engineer with SOLPAR RF
Manager and Samsung RF circle lead in
the loop
SOLPAR RF manager has to keep Samsung
circle RF lead in loop for all communication

eNB Parameters to Check from LSM-R

Service Affecting
Alarms

Site down
High drop Rate
Low Tx Power
GPS Alarm

VSWR should be <1.5


VSWR values

Tx Power is transmitted power from eNB station, measured Watts or dBm. Typical
value is 10W or 40dBm
Tx Power

eNB Parameters to Check (Contd)


Handoff Parameters, PCI Parameters, ANR List - Neighbor List.
RF Parameters

eNB installation ATP completed


eNB Installation
Information

Connectivity
Type of backhaul connectivity like fiber or microwave
Backhaul ATP completed
Back Haul

eNB Parameter Checklist


ATP1A Data Check List
Site ID

Site Name

Address

GPS

Lat

Sr.No.

Lon

eNB Parameter Name

Alpha

Beta

Gamma

NEID

PCID

Cell ID

10001

10002

10003

eNB CGI

768

769

770

TAC

H0002

H0002

H0002

EARFCN

38800

38800

38800

0.5

0.5

0.5

37

37

37

TM3

TM3

TM3

4x4

4x4

8
9
10
11

Antenna Tilt: Electrical from LSMR


VSWR
eNB Tx Power from LSM-R (in dBm
)
MIMO Mode (TM3/TM4) from LS
M-R

MIMO Type (2x2, 4x2) from LSM-R 4x4

Preparations for SCFT

TSSR Review

eNB Parameter
Verification
from LSM-R

Drive Route

Checklist

Drive Route Basics


All sectors to be covered during the test

Try to cover as large an area as possible around the sites

Carry a hardcopy of the drive route direction

Based on GPS, DT engineer will automatically receive drive route


on his drive test tool

Instruct the driver to follow the drive route

Drive Route Example

Major
Road

Minor
Road

More than one


lane

One lane

Important road
that leads from
one town or city
to another

A side road may


be a narrow
street off a
major street

Preparations for SCFT

TSSR Review

eNB Parameter
Verification
from LSM-R

Drive Route

Checklist

TSSR Review Checklist


TSSR Review Check List
Site
Nam
e

Site ID
Address
GPS

Lat
Sr.No.
1
2
3

List
Antenna Azimuth
Antenna M-Tilt
(Physical measurement)
Antenna E-Tilt
(Electrical from LSM-R)

Lon
Alph
a

Beta

120

240

Gamma

Antenna Height

35

35

35

Building Height

30

30

30

Antenna Make &Model no Verification

ACE
ANT
XXD
W-1765i-V
T

ACE
ANT
XXD
W-1765i-V
T

ACE ANT
XXDW-17-65i-VT

RF layout verification

Yes/N
o

Yes/N
o

Yes/No

Antenna location checkAntenna obstruc


tion check on azimuth & Tilt

Yes/N
o

Yes/N
o

Yes/No

Panoramic pictures verification

10

Obstruction
(if yes, picture require)

Yes/N
o
Yes/N
o

Yes/N
o
Yes/N
o

Yes/No
Yes/No

eNB LSM-R Parameter Checklist


eNB Initial Parameter Check List
Site ID

Site Name

Address
GPS

Lat
Sr.No.

Lon

eNB Parameter Name

Alpha

Beta

Gamma

NEID

PCID

Cell ID

10001

10002

10003

eNB CGI

768

769

770

TAC

H0002

H000
2

H0002

EARFCN

38800

38800

38800

Antenna Tilt: Electrical from LSM-R

VSWR

0.5

0.5

0.5

eNB Tx Power from LSM-R (in dBm)

37

37

37

10

MIMO Mode (TM3/TM4) from LSM-R

TM4

TM4

TM4

11

MIMO Type (2x2, 4x2) from LSM-R

4x4

4x4

4x4

eNB Physical Parameter Checklist


eNB Physical Parameter Check List
Site ID

Site Name

Address
GPS

Lat

Sr.No.

List

Antenna Azimuth

Antenna Azimuth
(Free available range)

Tower Height

Building Height

5
6
7

Antenna M-Tilt
(Physical measurement)
Antenna M-Tilt
(Free available range)
Antenna E-Tilt
(Electrical from LSM-R)

Sector Swap Check

Antenna Make &Model no Verification

10

Antenna location checkAntenna obstructio


n check on azimuth & Tilt

11

Backhaul Connectivity

Lon

Alpha

Beta

Gamma

Check FTP Connectivity


FTP server
Connectivity
Check FTP server
connectivity before
leaving the site

No

OK
Yes

Contact RJIL/RAN
Core team for the
resolution

Resolved

SOLPAR RF engineer to has confirm


FTP server connectivity before leaving
to the site

Proceed to the site

Check FTP server


connectivity on site

Yes

Yes
No

OK
Yes

Start testing

SOLPAR RF engineer to has confirm


FTP server connectivity upon reaching
to the site

Backhaul Connectivity Check


Backhaul
Connectivity
Confirm Backhaul
stability with LSM-R

No

SOLPAR RF engineer to has confirm


the backhaul stability with LSM-R
engineer before leaving to the site

OK
Yes

Contact concern
RJIL for the
resolution

Proceed to the site


Check for Backhaul
stability with LSM-R
After reaching site

Yes

Resolved
Yes
No

OK
Yes

Start testing

SOLPAR RF engineer to has confirm


the backhaul stability with LSM-R
engineer upon reaching to the site

Summary
Perform regular testing of drive-test UEs
Preparations for SCFT consist of TSSR review, eNB parameter verification from
LSM-R, availability of drive route and checklists. Before proceeding to the site
make sure you have these
TSSR gives details about eNB physical parameters such as antenna height,
azimuth, tilt, pictures of obstruction, site drawings and map views
LSM-R parameters include details such as VSWR, Tx power and PCI
Ensure FTP and backhaul connectivity before proceeding to site
Cover all sectors during the drive

Quiz
VSWR is obtained from the _________
TSSR
LSM-R
Either

The following must be checked before proceeding to site


FTP and Backhaul Connectivity
Availability of drive route
Both
SCFT for one site takes _______ hours
4
6
8

Physical Checks at Site

Measuring Site Co-ordinates


Check the battery of GPS (72 channel GPS)
Point GPS towards clear, open skies for accuracy
GPS Setting time >5 min & GPS number of satellites > 4
Low Battery voltages and rare Geomagnetic storms may result in erroneous
GPS readings
GPS should not be used for Ground Elevation readings as the inaccuracy can
be well over 30m
Stand in the center of the site location (GBM, RTT,RTP)
Once the satellites are acquired, note co-ordinates for N & W in degree - de
cimal format.
Update this information into check list for pre-post comparison and for data
base tracking

Checking Antenna Azimuth


Stand in front of the Antenna
When taking compass readings, keep at least 8m distance from any magnetic, metal, or current carrying structures
such as towers, vehicles, or cables for correct readings
Open compass and wait a moment till the compass needle is stationary
Check the antenna azimuth with reference to North & measure the value in degrees
Compare the observed value with the one in the TSSR
In case a mismatch is detected, make corrections on site
Mention the values in the check list for pre-post comparison and for database tracking

Check Azimuth marking on map


Check the service direction of the antenna
Mark the main serving direction of the antenna on the map

Tower Height Measurement Laser Meter


Stand on the edge of tower
Press start button and then press measure button

Wait for 2-3 minutes or check the ground or building


from the built-in binoculars in the laser meter
Press the measure button again
Take pictures of the value in meters

Tower Height Measurement - Tape


Drop the measuring tape from the edge of the tower platform
Team member at the ground end will record the value

Antenna Height RTP / RTT

Antenna Height GBT / GBM


Compare the value on TSSR with actual
result
Correct the Antenna Height if mismatch
with TSSR Report

Antenna Mechanical Tilt Measurement


Bring tilt measure in contact with antenna on the back side & center()
Adjust the tilt measure () to level off ()
Check tilt of antenna (), as per the picture red line is on 3rd mark from zero,
which means that the tilt is 6 degrees {one mark = 2 degree and consider the bo
ttom scale}
Compare the value on TSSR with actual result
Correct the Mechanical Tilt in case of mismatch with the TSSR Report
Mention the values into check list for pre-post comparison and for database trac
king
To change tilt, loosen all nuts, adjust tilt as desired and then tighten them

Drive Test

SCFT Drive: Stationary & Moving Tests

Stationary Test
(for each sector)

Moving Test

FTP Download
FTP Upload
Ping Test
VoLTE call

FTP Download (UE 1 long call)


FTP Upload (UE 2 long call)
Clockwise & anti-clockwise drive around
the site

Drive Test Rules


Start field test upon completion of eNB parameter verification and after
implementation of any required changes
All three sectors of the eNB under the test should be active and without any
artificial loading (e.g. OCNS) in all tests

Conduct the test for all sectors of a site

Cover all important roads

Conduct SCFT drive test till RSRP of -108 dBm

In case of call drop, handover failure, etc. stop the call and find out the
probable cause before proceeding further
Possible problems that may arise during drive test: UE disconnection, GPS
problems, FTP server issues

SCFT Drive Test Tools Required


2 Samsung S4 mini phones with XCAL application
2 mobile phone holders
Battery charger
Extra batteries
USB hub
Inverter
Vehicle

Field Issues
If the drive test fails, check the system parameters & check the
alarms from LSM-R

Check the DM and connect again, perform the test

Check the FTP server: Capture detailed information like ping, call
test and call the server engineer

Repeat the field test if alarms clear from LSM-R and DM kit is
working fine

Ping Test

Ensure that the UE is successfully attached to the LTE network

Run Ping script/scenario in your Smartphone DM software

Stop the logging

DL Throughput
Ensure that the UE is successfully attached to the LTE network

Run FTP DL script/scenario in your Smartphone DM software

Verify that RSRP > -80 dBm, RS SINR > 20 dB

Start an FTP download with a file of size 50MB with a single FTP thread

Verify that the file has been downloaded successfully, record the throughput
and stop the logging

UL Throughput
Ensure that the UE is successfully attached to the LTE network

Run FTP UL script/scenario in your Smartphone DM software

Verify that RSRP > -80 dBm, RS SINR > 20 dB

Start an FTP upload with file of size 25MB with a single FTP thread

Verify that the file has been uploaded successfully, record the
throughput and stop the logging

Cell Coverage & Handover Verification


Ensure that the UE is successfully attached to the LTE network
For UE1, run FTP DL script/scenario in your Smartphone DM software
For UE2, run FTP UL script/scenario in your Smartphone DM software

Do the drive test around the site, clock-wise and anti-clock-wise to check both way Intrahandover
If no proper route is available for checking Intra-handover, do a walk test around the site
Drive test for each sector is mandatory to check the coverage of cells and Inter handover
with neighbor cells

If there is any issue related to access (e.g. construction, road closed) please provide proper
justification with snapshot (Date and time should be mentioned on Photo)

Sector Swap Verification


After Physical site parameter verificati
on, conduct drive test in clock wise an
d anti-clock wise direction to identify
any sector swap
If found, take corrective action before
going for coverage drive test
If service-direction of PCID has
changed,
Data
Throughput
degradation and Handover Fail can be
observed

SCFT Parameter Requirements

Min

Average

Max

DL Throughput

2 Mbps

20 Mbps

40 Mbps

UL Throughput

256 Kbps

--

4 Mbps

RSRP

-108 dBm

--

--

SINR

20 dB

--

--

Legend

Summary
eNB physical check involves checking azimuth (note free range), tilt, antenna
height, tower height

SCFT consists of stationary and moving tests


Stationary tests include ping, UL & DL throughput and VoLTE connectivity
check
Drive around the site clockwise & anti-clockwise for moving tests

Especially check for sector swap using PCI


Ensure RSRP, throughput and SINR ranges are met

Quiz
Average DL throughput should be at least ____
4 Mbps
20 Mbps
40 Mbps

Sector swap can be identified based on


PCI
RSRP
VSWR
Moving test in SCFT does not include
FTP
VoLTE
Either

XCAL on S4 Mini

Steps for DM Tool (XCAL)


Power on
Ensure mobile is not in flight mode. If it is, switch flight mode off
Confirm data and voice connectivity
Ensure GPS connectivity is locked (steady, not blinking)
Bluetooth pairing of S4 minis

Launch XCAL from apps


Ensure XCAL GPS is in sync with mobile GPS and locked (steady, not blinking)
Configure Master / Slave
Click Destination: Get GPS location

Download appropriate scenarios for Master & Slave

Step 1 Switch off Flight Mode


Ensure mobile is not in flight mode. If it is, switch flight mode off

Step 2 Check Data Connectivity

Ensure horizontal green and red arrows


(data) and vertical 4G arrows (voice) are
visible

Step 3 Bluetooth Pairing of S4 minis

Name the S4 minis

Go to Bluetooth Settings Rename


This will ensure pairing without confusion
This is just a one-time activity

Step 3 Bluetooth Pairing of S4 minis


To ensure
functioning
pairing

smooth
remove

Bluetooth
previous

Press and hold the Bluetooth icon


Go to Settings Unpair

Step 3 Bluetooth Pairing of S4 minis


Make all the phones Visible to
each other over Bluetooth

Press Scan on a device


The other visible devices will
show under Available devices
Press on an Available device

Step 3 Bluetooth Pairing of S4 minis

Bluetooth
pairing
request
window appears on both
devices
Press OK on both devices

Step 3 Bluetooth Pairing of S4 minis

Devices will now show as Paired

Step 3 Bluetooth Pairing of S4 minis

Devices will now show as Paired

Step 4 Launch XCAL from Apps

Launch XCAL from apps


Make sure XCAL GPS is steady
green, i.e., synced to S4 mini
GPS and locked

Step 5 Configure Master & Slave


Press the Menu button on the
S4 mini

Press the M/S button in XCAL


Select Master for one UE and
Slave for another

Step 6 Select GPS Location


Press Destination: GPS Value
The GPS location will be shown
Select the destination and click
Back on the S4 mini
The lat-long value will now
appear on the main screen