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Perhitungan Shell and Tube

Tipe

Horizontal

Shell side
ID
pass

:
:

104 in
1

Tube side
OD
L
pass
jumlah
A
Baffle
Pitch

:
:
:
:
:
:
:

1
402
4
680
210
7
1.25

8.6666663 ft

in (dalam BWG 14 ) =
in
33.5 ft
pass
buah
m2
2260.4211 ft2
in
0.5833333 ft
in

Fluida Panas
: Long Residu
Laju alir fluida W1 =
2021.60 ton/day =
o
T1 =
642.56
F
o
T2 =
592.16
F
Fluida Dingin

Crude Oil

0.0833333 ft

185702.15 lb/hr

Laju alir fluida W2 =


t1 =

4040.20
317.12

t2 =

340.88

1 LMTD
Fluida Panas
642.56
592.16

ton/day =

371128.73 lb/hr

F
F

Fluida Dingin
Higher Temp
Suhu tinggi 340.88
Higher Temp
Suhu rendah 317.12
Selisih

LMTD =

Selisih
301.68
275.04
26.6

t 2 t 1
ln ( t 2 / t 1 )

m = 288.15

2 Menghitung faktor koreksi dengan terlebih dahulu menghitung R dan S


R

=
=

=
=

T 1 T 2
t 2 t 1
2.12

t 2 t 1
T 2 t 1
0.0730088496

Dari grafik 18 kern atau fig 10.31 A. Ludwig, maka


jadi True Temperature Different,

FT =

0.97

m x FT

279.51014585

3 Menghitung caloric temperature dan data physical fluida

t c
t h

T 1 - T2

T 2 t 1
T 1 t 2

0.9116945107

50.40

Spesific Gravity long residu pada 60 0F/60 0F =


API

0.9093

141 ,5
131, 5 =
Spgr

24.114209

Dari fig. 17, Kern atau fig. 10-32, Ludwig, didapat

=
Fc =

Kc

0.35
0.465

Tc

= T2 + Fc(T1-T2) =

tc

= t1 + Fc(t2-t1)

sehingga diperoleh data2 sebagai berikut :


Crude oil

=
0
API =
tc

328.1684
35.5

615.596

328.1684

0.35 cp

VABP

=
=
=
=
=

572

B
Cpt + B
Cpt
kt

t =

0.847 lb/ft j

(p.165 maxwell)

0.03
0.68 (p.93 maxwell)
0.65 Btu/(lb 0F)
0.0725 Btu/(hr.ft.0F)

Long Residu

=
0
API =
s =
tc

VABP
B
Cps + B
Cps
ks
4

=
=
=
=
=

615.596

24.114208732
0.4
834.8

s =

0.968 lb/ft j

0.02
0.65 (p.93 maxwell)
0.63 Btu/(lb 0F)
0.0615 Btu/(hr.ft.0F)

(fig. 1 Kern)

Menentukan Heat Duty

= Mt x Cpt x (t2-t1)
=
Qs = Ms x Cps x (T1-T2) =

Qt

5 Menghitung UD
A

UD

=
=

2260.4211 ft2

Q
Ax T
9.0718830129 Btu/j ft2 0F

5731712 Btu / hr
5896415 Btu / hr

(p.165 maxwell)

6 Menghitung Flow Area (at & as)


a. Tube
1 in OD BWG 14

Flow area per tube (at')


at

0.546 in2

= Nt x at'

(lihat tabel 10 kern)


0.6445833 ft2

144 x pass
b. Shell
as

= ID x C' x B
144 x PT

= PT - ODt
=
B =
7 in
PT =
1.25 in
as =
1.011 ft2
C'

0.25 in

7 Menghitung Mass Velocity (Gt)


a. Tube
Gt

= Wt

575765

lb/(ft2j)

183661

lb/(ft2j)

at
b. Shell
Gs

= Ws
at

8 Menghitung Reynold Number (Re) dan Heat Transfer Factor (JH)


a. Tube

=
t =
IDt =
tc

328.1684

0.35 cp =
0.834 in

0.8466748 lb/ft j

(p.165 maxwell)

(lihat kern tabel 10, untuk OD 1" BWG 10)

0.06950000 ft
b. Shell

=
s =
De =
tc

615.596

0.4 cp =

0.9676283 lb/ft j

(p.165 maxwell)

0.99 in
0.0825 ft

Ret

= D x Gt

47262.2

Res

t
L/D

= De x Gs
s

15658.98

482.01438849

Dari fig 24 Kern atau fig 10-36 Ludwig


JH = ###

Dari fig 28 kern atau fig 10-44 Ludwig


JH =
116

9 Menghitung Thermal Funtion, k


a. Tube

= t1 + Fc(t2-t1) =
t =
0.35
tc

k ((Cp x ) / k )1/3 =

328.17

t = 0.8466748 lb/ft j

(p.165 maxwell)

Lihat Fig. 16 Kern

(p.165 maxwell)

Lihat Fig. 16 Kern

0.2 Btu/j.ft2.0F
ft

a. Shell

= t1 + Fc(t2-t1) =
s =
0.4
s =
tc

k ((Cp x ) / k )1/3 =

0.2 Btu/j.ft2.0F
ft

615.60

0.968 lb/ft j

10 Menghitung Tube-Wall Temperature, tw


a. Tube
hi

= JH x k/D (Cp . /k)1/3

659.878421 Btu/j.ft2.0F

= (hi/t) x (ID/OD)

550.338603 Btu/j.ft2.0F

= JH x k/De (Cp ./k)1/3

285.824 Btu/j.ft2.0F

t
hio
t

b. Shell
h0
s

t w=t c +

ho / s
= 328.51022825 oF
h i 0 /t +h0 / s

11 Koreksi ho dan hio


a. Tube
tw

=
w =
t =
t

328.51022825

0.325 cp =

0.786198 lb/ft j

0.8466747744 lb/ft j

t
w

0 . 14

( )

1.0104291

(p.165 maxwell)

0 . 14

t
w

( )
hio

hi 0
x t =
t

( )

556.07815 Btu/j.ft2.0F

b. Shell
tw

=
w =
s =
s

ho

328.51022825

0.9 cp =

2.1771637 lb/ft j

(p.165 maxwell)

0.968 lb/ft j

s
w

0 . 14

( )
( )

h0
xs=
s

0.8927252

255.16229 Btu/j.ft2.0F

12 Menghitung Clean Overall Coefficient, Uc

Uc

hi 0 xh0
=
hi 0 + h0

174.9052 Btu/j.ft2.0F

13 Menghitung Dirt Factor, Rd (fouling Factor)

Rd

U cU D
U c xU D

0.1045133

14 Friction Factor, f
a. Tube
dari figure 26 kern

b. Shell

=
f =

Ret

=
f =

23907.3909

Res

0.00022

15 Specific Gravity, s
a. Tube
tc

=
s =

328.1684

0.765 (fig. 39, lampiran)

b. Shell
Tc

=
s =

615.596

0.78 (fig. 39, lampiran)

16 Banyak lintasan yang melintang (Number of Croses)


N+1
Ds

= 12 x L / B

57.428571

= IDs

8.6666663 ft

17 Pressure Drop,P
a. Tube
Pt =

fxG 2 xLxn
t
10

5, 22 x 10 xIDt xsx t

= 3.4849447 Psi

Pr (Pressure Drop Return)


Pr

4 xnxv 2
sx 2 xg 1

= 0.4810458

23343.944
0.0018

dari fig.27 kern


v2
2 x g'

0.023

Pr

= Pt + Pr

Ps

= 3.9659905 Psi

b. Shell

fxG 2 x(N +1)xD s


s

10

5,22 x10 xDe xsx s

= 10.077478 Psi

Perhitungan Shell and Tube


Tipe

Vertikal

Shell side
ID
pass

:
:

73.5 in
1

Tube side
OD
L
pass
jumlah
A
Baffle
Pitch

:
:
:
:
:
:
:

2
300
4
498
90
5
1.25

Fluida Panas
:
Laju alir fluida W1 =
T1 =

in (dalam BWG 14 ) =
in
25
pass
buah
m2
968.7519
in
0.4166667
in

Long Residu
2021.60

ton/day =

642.56

T2 =

592.16

Fluida Dingin
:
Laju alir fluida W2 =
t1 =

Crude Oil
317.12

t2 =

340.88

1 LMTD
Fluida Panas
642.56
592.16

6.1249998

4040.20

Higher Temp
Higher Temp

F
F

ton/day =
F
F

Fluida Dingin
Suhu tinggi 340.88
Suhu rendah 317.12
Selisih

t 2 t 1
ln ( t 2 / t 1 )

t 2 t 1

LMTD =

ln ( t 2 / t 1 )

m =

288.15

2 Menghitung faktor koreksi dengan terlebih dahulu menghitung R dan S


R

T 1 T 2

t 2 t 1

=
S

2.12

t 2 t 1

T 2 t 1

0.0730088496

FT =

Dari grafik 18 kern atau fig 10.31 A. Ludwig, maka


jadi True Temperature Different,

m x FT

279.51014585

3 Menghitung caloric temperature dan data physical fluida

t c

t h

T 1 - T2

T 2 t 1
T 1 t 2

0.9116945107

50.40

Spesific Gravity long residu pada 60 0F/60 0F =


API

0.9093

141 ,5
131 ,5 =
Spgr

24.114209

Dari fig. 17, Kern atau fig. 10-32, Ludwig, didapat

=
Fc =

0.465

T2 + Fc(T1-T2)

Kc

Tc

0.35

615.596

tc

t1 + Fc(t2-t1)

328.1684

sehingga diperoleh data2 sebagai berikut :


Crude oil

=
0
API =
t =

328.1684

=
=
=
=
=

572

tc

VABP
B
Cpt + B
Cpt
kt

35.5
0.35 cp

t =

0.03
0.68 (p.93 maxwell)
0.65 Btu/(lb 0F)
0.0725 Btu/(hr.ft.0F)

Long Residu

=
0
API =
s =
tc

VABP
B
Cps + B
Cps
ks
4

=
=
=
=
=

615.596

24.114208732
0.4
834.8

s =

0.968

0.02
0.65 (p.93 maxwell)
0.63 Btu/(lb 0F)
0.0615 Btu/(hr.ft.0F)

(fig. 1 Kern)

Menentukan Heat Duty

=
Qs =

Qt

Mt x Cpt x (t2-t1)

5731712

Ms x Cps x (T1-T2)

5896415

5 Menghitung UD
A

UD

Q
Ax T

21.16772703 Btu/j ft2 0F

968.7519 ft2

6 Menghitung Flow Area (at & as)


a. Tube
1 in OD BWG 14
Flow area per tube (at')

0.546 in2

(lihat tabel 10 kern)

at

Nt x at'
144 x pass

as

ID x C' x B
144 x PT

0.4720625

-0.75

b. Shell

PT - ODt

=
B =
PT =
as =
C'

5 in
1.25 in
-1.53125 ft2

7 Menghitung Mass Velocity (Gt)


a. Tube
Gt

Wt
at

786186

lb/(ft2j)

Gs

Ws
at

-121275

lb/(ft2j)

b. Shell

8 Menghitung Reynold Number (Re) dan Heat Transfer Factor (JH)


a. Tube

=
t =
IDt =
tc

328.1684

0.35 cp =
0.834 in
0.06950000 ft

0.8466748

(lihat kern tabel 10, untuk OD 1" B

b. Shell

=
s =
De =
tc

615.596

0.4 cp =

0.9676283

0.99 in
0.0825 ft

Ret

D x Gt
t

L/D

359.71223022

Dari fig 24 Kern atau fig 10-36 Ludwig


JH =

250

64534.7

Dari fig 28 kern atau fig 10-44 Ludwig


JH =
116

9 Menghitung Thermal Funtion, k


a. Tube

=
t =
tc

k ((Cp x ) / k )1/3 =

t1 + Fc(t2-t1)

328.17

0.35

t = 0.8466748

0.1834462011 Btu/j.ft2.0F
ft

a. Shell

=
s =
tc

t1 + Fc(t2-t1)
0.4

k ((Cp x ) / k )1/3 =

615.60
s =

0.968

0.20328 Btu/j.ft2.0F
ft

10 Menghitung Tube-Wall Temperature, tw


a. Tube

JH x k/D (Cp . /k)1/3

(hi/t) x (ID/OD)

JH x k/De (Cp ./k)1/3

328.51022825

=
w =
t =

328.51022825

hi
t
hio
t

b. Shell
h0
s

t w=t c +

ho / s

h i 0 /t +h0 / s

11 Koreksi ho dan hio


a. Tube
tw

0.325 cp =
0.8466747744 lb/ft j

t
w

0 . 14

( )

0.786198

hio

0 . 14

t
w

( )

hi 0
x t
t

( )

1.0104291

556.07815

b. Shell
tw

=
w =
s =
s

ho

328.51022825

0.9 cp =

2.1771637

0.968 lb/ft j

s
w

0 . 14

( )
( )

h0
xs
s

0.8927252

255.16229

174.9052

0.0415243

12 Menghitung Clean Overall Coefficient, Uc

Uc

hi 0 xh0
hi 0 + h 0

13 Menghitung Dirt Factor, Rd (fouling Factor)

Rd

U cU D
U c xU D

14 Friction Factor, f
a. Tube
dari figure 26 kern

b. Shell

=
f =

Ret

23907.3909

Res

0.00022

15 Specific Gravity, s
a. Tube
tc

=
s =

328.1684

0.765 (fig. 39, lampiran)

b. Shell
Tc

=
s =

615.596

0.78 (fig. 39, lampiran)

16 Banyak lintasan yang melintang (Number of Croses)


N+1

12 x L / B

60

Ds

IDs

6.1249998

Pt

17 Pressure Drop,P
a. Tube

fxG 2 xLxn
t
10

= 4.8489782

5, 22 x 10 xIDt xsx t

Pr (Pressure Drop Return)


Pr

v2
2 x g'

Pr

Ps

4 xnxv
sx 2 xg 1

= 0.4810458

dari fig.27 kern


0.023

Pt + Pr

= 5.330024

b. Shell

fxG 2 x(N +1)xD s


s

10

5,22 x10 xDe xsx s

= 3.244402

ft

m BWG 14 ) =
ft

0.0833333 ft

ft2
ft

185702.15 lb/hr

371128.73 lb/hr

Selisih
301.68
275.04
26.6

0.97

0.847 lb/ft j

lb/ft j

.0F)

(fig. 1 Kern)

Btu / hr
Btu / hr

(lihat tabel 10 kern)

(p.165 maxwell)

(p.165 maxwell)

ft2

in

lb/ft j

(p.165 maxwell)

(lihat kern tabel 10, untuk OD 1" BWG 10)

lb/ft j

(p.165 maxwell)

Res

= De x Gs
s

8 kern atau fig 10-44 Ludwig

-10339.9

lb/ft j

(p.165 maxwell)

Lihat Fig. 16 Kern

(p.165 maxwell)

Lihat Fig. 16 Kern

lb/ft j

659.878421 Btu/j.ft2.0F

550.338603 Btu/j.ft2.0F

285.824 Btu/j.ft2.0F

lb/ft j

(p.165 maxwell)

Btu/j.ft2.0F

lb/ft j

(p.165 maxwell)

Btu/j.ft2.0F

Btu/j.ft2.0F

=
=

23343.944
0.0018

ft

Psi

Psi

Psi