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MODEL QUESTION PAPER

FOUR YEAR B.TECH DEGREE END EXAMINATION


THIRD YEAR I-SEMESTER EXAMINATION
CIVIL ENGINEERING
HYDRAULIC MACHINERY (HM)
(SCHEME 2010)
Time: 3 Hours

Max. Marks: 70
Note: 1. Answer Any Five Questions.
2. All questions carry Equal marks.

a) Find an expression for the efficiency of a series of moving curved vanes when a jet of
water strikes the vanes at one of its tips. Prove that maximum efficiency is when u =V and
the value of maximum efficiency is 50%.
(7M)
b) A jet of water having a velocity 30m/s strikes a curved vane, which is moving with a
velocity of 15m/s. The jet makes an angle of 300 with the direction of motion of vane at
inlet and leaves at an angle of 1200 to the direction of motion of vane at outlet. Calculate
i) vane angles, if the water enters and leaves the vane without shock, ii) work done per
second per unit weight of water striking the vanes per second.
(7M)

a) Differentiate between i) Impulse and Reaction turbines, ii) Radial and Axial flow turbines,
iii) Inward and Outward radial flow turbine, iv) Kaplan and Propeller turbine
(7M)
b) A pelton wheel is to be designed for a head of 60m when running at 200 r.p.m. The pelton
wheel develops 95.6475KW shaft power. The velocity of buckets equal to 0.45 times the
velocity of jet, overall efficiency 0.85 and coefficient of velocity is equal to 0.98. (7M)

a) What is the draft tube? Why is it used in reaction turbine? Describe with sketch two
different types of draft tubes.
(7M)
b) The following data is given for a Francis turbine. Net head, H=60m; Speed N=700 r.p.m.;
Shaft power = 294.3 KW; 0 = 84%; h = 93%; Flow ratio = 0.2; Breadth ratio, n = 0.1;
Outer diameter of the runner = 2 x inner diameter of runner. The thickness of vanes
occupies 50% of the circumferential area of a runner, the velocity of flow is constant at
inlet and outlet and discharge is radial at outlet. Determine i) Guide blade angle ii) Runner
vane angles at inlet and outlet iii) Diameters of runner at inlet and outlet iv) Width of
wheel at inlet.
(7M)

a) Obtain an expression for unit speed, unit discharge and unit power of a turbine?

(7M)

b) A Pelton wheel is revolving at a speed of 190 r.p.m and develops 5150.25KW when
working under a head of 220m with an overall efficiency of 80%. Determine unit speed,
unit discharge and unit power. The speed ratio for the turbine is given as 0.47. Find the
speed, discharge and power when this turbine is working under a head of 140m.
(7M)
P.T.O.

a) Obtain an expression for the work done by impeller of a centrifugal pump on water per
second per unit weight of water.
(7M)
b) A Centrifugal pump having outer diameter equal to 2 times the inner diameter and running
at 1000 r.p.m works against a total head of 40m. The velocity of flow through the impeller
is constant and equal to 2.5 m/s. The vanes are set back at an angle of 40 0 at outlet. If the
outer diameter of the impeller is 500 mm and width at outlet is 50mm, determine i) Vane
angle at inlet, ii) Work done by impeller on water per second and iii) Manometric
efficiency.
(7M)

a) What is priming? Why is it necessary? What do you understand by characteristic curves of


the pump and what is its significance?
(7M)
b) Define cavitation. What are the effects of cavitation? Give the necessary precautions
against cavitation.
(7M)

a) Define indicator diagram. How will you prove that area of indicator diagram is
proportional to the work done by the reciprocating pump?
(7M)
b) A single acting reciprocating pump has a cylinder of a diameter 100mm and of stroke
length 35m. The centre of the pump is 25m above the water surface in the sump. The
atmospheric pressure head is 10.3m of water and is running at 40rpm. If the length and
diameter of the suction pipe are 5m and 10cm respectively, determine the pressure head
due to acceleration in the cylinder i) at the beginning of the delivery stroke ii) in the
middle of the stroke and iii) at the end if the delivery stroke.
(7M)

8) Explain with neat sketch, the principle and working of the following hydraulic devices:
i) Hydraulic lift,
ii) Hydraulic crane,
iii) Hydraulic coupling and
iv) Hydraulic torque converter.
(14M)