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Remember Bloom's Taxonomy: the purpose of this assignment is to get you to APPLY concepts
from this course to an individual in the real world. You should be looking for concepts that tie
back to the areas of development we are studying: (1) biological/ physical development, (2)
psychological/cognitive development, and (3) social/ emotional development.
Observation #3
FHS 1500
Sarah Johanson
Observation 3
Background Information
Ten years old
My friends neighborhood
Julia and her siblings were playing outside. Julias friend was there and her mother was sitting
with another woman watching the children.
Physical Development
Julia looked to be the right height for her age. She seemed to have developed all the
motor skills that didnt need a adult-sized body (Berger, 2010, p. 234). The book stated that
many children around seven to eleven eat too much, but this didnt seem to be the case with
Julia (Berger, 2010, p. 236). She was actually more on the skinny side but not too skinny that it
made her look sick.
Julia participated in a game of tag with her friend and some of her younger sibling. She
was one of the fastest and didnt get tired too quickly. Her stamina made me think that she
probably did a lot of active play (Berger, 2010, p. 238). Another thing I noticed that made me
think that she was outside a lot was because she seemed to be more tanned than some of the
other kids. This went against what the book said that many children dont go outside a lot
(Berger, 2010, p. 238). Julia and her family seemed to be an exception from this statement.
Cognitive Development
While Julia and the other children were playing tag, I noticed something very interesting.
Julia would slow down a bit when the younger children were chasing her. She knew that they
couldnt run as fast and wanted to make it easier for them. She also later pulled her friend aside
and, as far as I could tell, asked her to do the same. The friend seemed to understand and
listen, which showed how friendship becomes more intense when children get older (Berger,
2010, p. 292). This was a great example of Piagets term, concrete operational thought,
because Julia noticed and knew that the younger children were slower, and it was harder for
them to catch them (Berger, 2010, p. 239). .
One time Julias mother went into the house and brought out a bowl of candy for the
children. It had a great variety of different candy. Many of them were chocolate bars, but some
of them were other things like Starburst. When Julia left the group gathered near the bowl with
her friend, she had lots of chocolate. I heard her say something like, Im glad we have a lot of
chocolate because that is my favorite type of candy. This reminded me of how the book said
that by eight children understand the categories of objects (Berger, 2010, p. 240). Julia
seemed to have already developed this just like she was supposed to.
One of Piagets findings of logic was also shown through what Julia did. The younger
children were talking about which candy they liked best. One child disagreed with what his older
sibling said because he didnt like the same candy. The older sibling started to tell him he was

wrong and dumb to think that that candy wasnt the best. Julia interrupted them and tried to
explain that they were both right since it was their own opinion (Berger, 2010, p. 241) .
Emotional/Social Development
I spoke to my friend, who knew more about the family, about how Julias family situation
is like. She told me that her parents are good people. Julia has a nuclear family, which is a
family that consists of a father, a mother, and their biological children (Berger, 2010, p. 282).
There are four children. Julia is the second oldest. This explained why she was good with kids
and knew how to interact with other people.
When Julias mother and the other woman with her went inside for a second, there was
a little accident. Julias friend was walking backwards and accidently knocked one of the
younger children over. They started to cry and throw a fit. Julia looked over to see if their mom
had noticed. The mother was still inside, and Julia quickly tried to comfort the young child. Her
younger sibling stopped crying before the adults came back. When the mother and her friend
did return, no one mentioned the incident and it seemed as if nothing happened. This was a
good example of how the culture of children work (Berger, 2010, p. 291). The book states that,
Keeping secrets from adults is part of the culture of children (Berger, 2010, p. 291).
At one point, during their game of tag, one of the younger children came up to me and
my friend and asked if we wanted to play with them. Julia then walked up to me and grabbed
her younger sister by the hand to lead her back to the group. This reminded me of how children
grow more wary of strangers as they age (Berger, 2010, p. 292). The younger children make
friends easily because they are more outgoing, but older children have a better sense of
stranger wariness and stay away from strangers.
Berger, Kathleen Stassen. Invitation to the Life Span. 1st ed. New York: Worth, 2010. Print.