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COURSE OUTLINE IN TRANSPORTATION LAW (Part 1) | c/o Atty. Randolph A.

Pascasio
I. CONCEPT OF COMMON CARRIER
1. Definition
1. *De Guzman v. CA, G.R. No. L-47822, 22 December 1988
2. Characteristics
2. Fisher v. Yangco Steamship Co., G.R. No. L-8095 31 March 1915
3. US v. Quinahon, 31 Phil 189 (1915)
4. Loadstar Shipping Co., Inc. v. CA, G.R. No. 131621, 28 September 1999
5. *First Phil. Industrial v. CA, G.R. No. 125948, 29 December 1998
6. *Virgines Calvo v. UCPB General Insurance Co., G.R. No. 148496, 19 March 2002
7. *Philippine American General Insurance Co. v. PKS Shipping Co., G.R. No. 149038, 09 April 2003
8. *Asia Lighterage and Shipping, Inc. v. Court of Appeals, et al., G.R. No. 147246, 19 August 2003
9. *Spouses Cruz v. Sun Holidays, Inc., G.R. No. 186312, 29 June 2010
3. Distinguished from Private Carrier
10. Home Insurance Co. v. American Steamship, G.R. No. L-25599, 04 April 1968
11. San Pablo v. Pantranco, G.R. No. L-61461, 21 August 1987
12. *National Steel Corp. v. CA, G.R. No. 112287, 12 December 1997
13. Planters Products Inc. v. CA, G.R. No. 101503, 15 September 1993
4. Government Regulation of Common Carriers Business
14. KMU Labor Center v. Garcia, Jr., G.R. No. 115381, 23 December 1994
15. Tatad v. Garcia, Jr., G.R. No. 114222, 06 April 1995
5. Governing Law
16. Samar Mining Co., Inc. v. Nordeutscher Lloyd, G.R. No. L-28673, 23 October 1984
17. Eastern Shipping Lines v. IAC, G.R. No. L-69044, 29 May 1987
18. National Development Co. v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. L-49407, 19 August 1988
a. Registered Owner Rule
19. Gelisan v. Alday, 154 SCRA 388 (1987)
20. Benedicto v. IAC, 187 SCRA 547 (1990)
21. Philtranco Service Enterprises, Inc. v. CA, 273 SCRA 562 (1997)
22. Equitable Leasing Corporation v. Lucita Suyon, et al., G.R. No. 143360, 05 September 2002
b. Kabit System
23. Santos vs. Sibug, 104 SCRA 520 (1981)
24. Lita Enterprises, Inc. vs. CA, G.R. No. 64693. April 27, 1984
25. Teja Marketing vs. IAC, 148 SCRA 347 (1987)
c. Boundary System
26. Magboo vs. Bernardo, 7 SCRA 952 (1963)
II. TRANSPORTATION OF GOODS
1. Extraordinary Diligence
27. Eastern Shipping v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 94151 April 30, 1991.
28. Delsan Transport v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 127897, November 15, 2001.
29. Philippine Charter Insurance Corp. v. Unknown Owner of Vessel M/V National Honor, National Shipping Corp. and
International Container Services, Inc., G.R. No. 161833, July 08, 2005
30. Saludo v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 95536, March 23, 1992.
31. Lorenzo Shipping v. BJ Marthel, G.R. No. 145483, November 19, 2004.
32. Sealoader Shipping v. Grand Cement Manufacturing, G.R. Nos. 167363 & 177466, 15 December 2010.
2. Presumption of Negligence
33. Delsan Transport v. American Home, G.R. No. 149019, 15 August 2006
34. Delsan Transport Lines v. CA, G.R. No. 127897, 15 November 2001
35. Maersk Lines v. Court of Appeals, 222 SCRA 108, G.R. 94761, May 17, 1993.
36. FGU Insurance v. Court of Appeals, 454 SCRA 337, G.R. No. 137775, March 31, 2005.

37.
38.
39.
40.
41.
42.
43.

DSR-Senator v. Federal, 413 SCRA 14, G.R. No. 135377, October 07, 2003.
Philamgen v. Court of Appeals, 222 SCRA 155, G.R. No. 101426, May 17, 1993.
Belgian Overseas Chartering and Shipping, N. V. v. Philippine First Insurance Co., G.R. No. 143133, 05 June 2002
Cokaliong Shipping Lines v. WCPB, Gen. Insurance Co., G.R. No. 146018, 25 June 2003
Sarkies Tours Phil., Inc. v. CA, 280 SCRA 58, G.R. No. 108897. October 2, 1997
Valenzuela Hardwood and Industrial Supply v. CA, 274 SCRA 642, G.R. No. 102316. June 30, 1997
Yobido v. CA, 281 SCRA 1, G.R. No. 113003. October 17, 1997

3. Defenses and Conditions


44. Central Shipping v. Insurance Company, 438 SCRA 511, G.R. No. 150751, September 20, 2004.
45. Everett Steamship v. Court of Appeals, 297 SCRA 496, G.R. No. 122494, October 8, 1998.
46. Cruz v. Sun Holidays, 622 SCRA 389, G.R. No. 186312, June 29, 2010.
47. Southern Lines, Inc. v. CA, 4 SCRA 258
4. Duration of Responsibility
48. Mitusi Lines v. Court of Appeals, 287 SCRA 366, G.R. No. 119571, March 11, 1998.
49. Sulpicio v. First Lepanto, 462 SCRA 125, G.R. No. 140349, June 29, 2005.
50. Coastwise Lighterage v. Court of Appeals, 245 SCRA 796, G.R. No. 114167 July 12, 1995
51. Philippine First Insurance v. Wallem First Shipping, 582 SCRA 457, G.R. No. 165647, March 26, 2009.
52. Samar Mining v. Nordeutscher Lloyd (supra), G.R. No. L-28673. October 23, 1984
53. Ganzon v. CA, G.R. No. L-48757. May 30, 1988.
54. Saludo Jr. v. CA, 207 SCRA 498 (1992)
55. Macam v. CA, 313 SCRA 77 (1999)
5. Stipulation Limiting Carriers Liability
56. PAL v. Court of Appeals, 207 SCRA 100, G.R. No. 92501, 6 March 1992.
57. Cathay Pacific v. Court of Appeals, 219 SCRA 520, G.R. No. 60501, 5 March 1993.
58. Trans-Asia Shipping v. Court of Appeals, 254 SCRA 260, G.R. No. 118126, March 04, 1996.
59. Sweet Lines v. Teves, 83 SCRA 361 (1978)
6. Amount of Liability
60. Ysmael v. Barretto, 51 Phil. 90 (1927)
61. Shewaram v. PAL, 17 SCRA 606 (1966)
62. Ong Yiu v. CA, 91 SCRA 223 (1979)
63. Sea Land Services, Inc. v. IAC, 153 SCRA 552 (1987)
64. Citadel Lines, Inc. v. CA, 184 SCRA 544 (1990)
65. British Airways v. CA, 285 SCRA 450 (1998)
66. Loadstar Shipping Co., Inc. v. CA
7. Passengers Baggages
67. Quisumbing, Sr. v. CA, 189 SCRA 605 (1990)
68. PanAm v. Rapadas, 209 SCRA 67 (1992)
69. British Airways v. CA, 285 SCRA 450
III. TRANSPORTATION OF PASSENGERS
1. Extraordinary Diligence
70. Nocum v. Laguna Tayabas Bus Co. and CA, 31 October 1969
71. Mecenas v. CA, 180 SCRA 83 (1989)
72. Negros Navigation Co., Inc v. CA, 281 SCRA 534 (1997)
73. Korean Airlines v. CA, 234 SCRA 717 (1994)
74. PAL v. Court of Appeals, 275 SCRA 621, G.R. No.120262, 17 July 1997.
75. Calalas v. Court of Appeals, 332 SCRA 356, G.R. No. 122039, May 13, 2000
76. Pilapil v. Court of Appeals and Alatco Transportation Co., Inc. G.R. No. 52159. December 22, 1989
77. Fortune Express, Inc. v. CA, 305 SCRA 14 (1999)
a. Last Clear Chance Doctrine
78. Philippine Rabbit Bus Lines v. IAC, 189 SCRA 158 (1990)
79. Bustamante v. CA, 193 SCRA 603 (1991)
b. Accommodation Passenger
80. Lara v. Valencia, G.R. No. L-9907, June 30, 1958

c. Not an Insurer Against All Risks


81. Necessito v. Paras, 104 Phil. 75
82. Japan Airlines v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 118664, August 07, 1998.
83. Yobido v. CA
2. Duration of Responsibility
84. Jesusa Vda. De Nueca v. The Manila Railroad Company, Court of Appeals C.A. No. 31731, January 30, 1968.
85. Dangwa v. Court of Appeals, 202 SCRA 574, G.R. No. 95582, October 7, 1991
86. La Mallorca v. Court of Appeals, 17 SCRA 739, G.R. No. L-20761, 27 July 1966.
87. Aboitiz Shipping v. Court of Appeals, 179 SCRA 95, G.R. No. 84458, 06 November 1989
88. Mallari, Sr. v. CA, 324 SCRA 147 (2000)
89. LRTA, et al. v. Marjorie Navidad, et al., G.R. No. 145804, 06 February 2003
3. Presumption of Negligence
90. Pestano v. Sumayang, 346 SCRA 870, G.R. No. 139875, December 04, 2000
91. Ludo v. Court of Appeals, 351 SCRA 35, G.R. No. 125483, February 01, 2001
92. Philippine Rabbit v. Intermediate Appellate Court, 189 SCRA 158, G.R. No. 66102-04, 30 August 1990
93. Juntilla v. Fontanar, 136 SCRA 624, G.R. No. L-45637, May 31, 1985.
94. Bayasen v. CA, 103 SCRA 197 (1981)
95. Cervantes v. CA, 304 SCRA 27 (1999)
96. Calalas v. CA, 332 SCRA 356 (2000)
Exceptions:
a. Negligence or intentional assault by carriers employee
97. Gillaco v. Manila Railroad Co., G.R. No. L-8034 18 November 1955
98. Maranan v. Perez, G.R. No. L-22272, 26 June 1967
b. Passengers duty to observe diligence to avoid injury; contributory negligence
99. PNR v. CA, G.R. No. L-55347 04 October 1985
100. Isaac v. Al Ammen Trans., G.R. No. L-9671 23 August 1957
c. Injury to passenger due to acts of co-passenger or stranger
101. Bachelor Express, Inc. v. CA, G.R. No. 85691, 31 July 1990
102. Fortune Express v. CA, G.R. No. 119756, 18 March 1999
103. Manila Railroad v. Ballesteros, G.R. No. L-19161, 29 April 1966
104. Smith Bell v. Borja, G.R. No. 143008, 10 June 2002
4. Limited Liability and Defenses
105. Yobido v. CA, G.R. No. 113003, 17 October 1997
106. Bayasen v. CA, G.R. No. L-25785, 26 February 1981
107. Gatchalian v. Delim, G.R. No. 56487, 21 October 1991
108. Fortune Express v. CA, G.R. No. 119756, 18 March 1999
109. Singson v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 119995, 18 November 1997